keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anxiety/Depression in children/ adolescents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937548/a-follow-up-study-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Shanti Mitchell, Ehmer Hassan, Neera Ghaziuddin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and a safe treatment for several severe psychiatric disorders across the age span. However, its use remains controversial and highly stigmatized especially among patients under 18 years. In this study, we examined current symptoms, attitudes, perception, and functioning of patients treated with ECT when they were less than 18 years old. METHODS: Participants had received ECT before age 18, between 1989 and 2015, at a tertiary medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931531/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-lightning-process-in-addition-to-specialist-medical-care-for-paediatric-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Esther M Crawley, Daisy M Gaunt, Kirsty Garfield, William Hollingworth, Jonathan A C Sterne, Lucy Beasant, Simon M Collin, Nicola Mills, Alan A Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Lightning Process (LP) in addition to specialist medical care (SMC) compared with SMC alone, for children with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/myalgic encephalitis (ME). DESIGN: Pragmatic randomised controlled open trial. Participants were randomly assigned to SMC or SMC+LP. Randomisation was minimised by age and gender. SETTING: Specialist paediatric CFS/ME service. PATIENTS: 12-18 year olds with mild/moderate CFS/ME...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921657/reporting-anxiety-symptoms-in-extremely-preterm-born-adolescents-and-by-their-mothers
#3
M J Sømhovd, B H Esbjørn, B M Hansen, G Greisen
AIM: To compare anxiety symptoms in adolescents born extremely prematurely to term-born controls. METHODS: We had 96 preterm-born adolescents and 40 term-born controls from Denmark and their mothers score the adolescents on the Revised Children Anxiety and Depression scale. We analysed group differences, cross-informant correlations, and relative risks for elevated anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Self-reported anxiety symptoms did not significantly differ, although the upper confidence limit (95% CI [-3...
September 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914382/clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Jordina Tor, Montserrat Dolz, Anna Sintes, Daniel Muñoz, Marta Pardo, Elena de la Serna, Olga Puig, Gisela Sugranyes, Inmaculada Baeza
The concept of being at risk for psychosis has been introduced both for adults and children and adolescents, but fewer studies have been conducted in the latter population. The aim of this study is to systematically review the articles associated with clinical description, interventions, outcome and other areas in children and adolescents at risk for psychosis. We searched in MEDLINE/PubMed and PsycINFO databases for articles published up to 30/06/16. Reviewed articles were prospective studies; written in English; original articles with Clinical High Risk (CHR) for psychosis samples; and mean age of samples younger than 18 years...
September 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910928/-a-twin-study-of-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-relationship-between-attention-deficit-and-anxiety-depression-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
S S Wang, T J Chen, C Y Ji
Objective: To understand the genetic and environmental influences on the relationship between attention deficit and anxiety/depression in children and adolescents. Methods: A total of 1 062 same-sex twins aged 6-18 years were included in this study. A parent-rated child behavior checklist (CBCL) was used in the assessment. Software Mx was used to fit the univariate model of structural equation. The relationship between attention deficit and anxiety/depression was analyzed through bivariate genetic modeling...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893118/emotional-and-behavioral-health-needs-in-elementary-school-students-in-an-underserved-hispanic-community
#6
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Anna S Hsu, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Patricia Renno, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Lorraine S Evangelista
High rates of mental health problems in adolescents have been well documented; less is known about elementary school children in disadvantaged communities. We examined emotional and behavioral health needs in 202 third and fourth graders enrolled in a charter school in a largely Hispanic community. The child-reported Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-25 and Teacher's Report Form were used to evaluate mental health needs as perceived by these children and their teachers. The prevalence of teacher-reported depression and child self-reported anxiety was 7...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892781/family-accommodation-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-undergoing-intensive-multimodal-treatment-for-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-nature-clinical-correlates-and-treatment-response
#7
Valérie La Buissonnière-Ariza, Sophie C Schneider, Davíð Højgaard, Brian C Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Stephanie C Eken, Peter Lake, Joshua M Nadeau, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Family accommodation is associated with a range of clinical features including symptom severity, functional impairment, and treatment response. However, most previous studies in children and adolescents investigated family accommodation in samples of youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or anxiety disorders receiving non-intensive outpatient services. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate family accommodation of anxiety symptoms in a sample of youth with clinical anxiety levels undergoing an intensive multimodal intervention for anxiety disorders or OCD...
August 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889050/music-based-interventions-to-reduce-internalizing-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Josephine Geipel, Julian Koenig, Thomas K Hillecke, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
BACKGROUND: Existing systematic reviews provide evidence that music therapy is an effective intervention in the treatment of children and adolescents with psychopathology. The objective of the present review was to systematically review and quantify the effects of music-based interventions in reducing internalizing symptoms (i.e., depression and anxiety) in children and adolescents using a meta-analytical approach. METHODS: Databases and journals were systematically screened for studies eligible for inclusion in meta-analysis on the effects of music-based interventions in reducing internalizing symptoms...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884421/assessing-responsiveness-over-time-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-pediatric-symptom-and-function-measures-in-cancer-nephrotic-syndrome-and-sickle-cell-disease
#9
Bryce B Reeve, Lloyd J Edwards, Byron C Jaeger, Pamela S Hinds, Carlton Dampier, Debbie S Gipson, David T Selewski, Jonathan P Troost, David Thissen, Vaughn Barry, Heather E Gross, Darren A DeWalt
PURPOSE: Previous studies provided evidence for the validity of the PROMIS Pediatric measures in cross-sectional studies. This study evaluated the ability of the PROMIS Pediatric measures to detect change over time in children and adolescents with cancer, nephrotic syndrome (NS), or sickle cell disease (SCD). METHODS: Participants (8-17 years) completed measures of fatigue, pain interference, anger, anxiety, depressive symptoms, mobility, upper extremity, and peer relationships at three or four time points (T1-T4)...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876462/the-causal-role-of-alcohol-use-in-adolescent-externalizing-and-internalizing-problems-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#10
Miao Chao, Xinying Li, Matt McGue
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of alcohol use and externalizing/internalizing problems threatens adolescents' mental health. Research on whether alcohol use and these problems are causal and the direction of the potential causal relationships is needed to understand the mechanisms of the co-occurrence. METHOD: A Mendelian randomization analysis was conducted in which the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 polymorphism was used as an instrumental variable for alcohol use phenotypes...
September 6, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854844/the-sleep-hygiene-inventory-for-pediatrics-development-and-validation-of-a-new-measure-of-sleep-in-a-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-headache
#11
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa A Lebel
Sleep plays a pivotal role in children and adolescents with headache. Although several sleep measures exist, no developed measures target the sleep issues common in pediatric patients with headache. The Sleep Hygiene Inventory for Pediatrics (SHIP) was developed for clinical purposes to fulfill this need. The aim of this study was to validate the SHIP for potential research applications in a sample of 1078 children and adolescents (7-17 years) with a primary headache diagnosis. Measure validation included assessments of internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion validity...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854296/efficacy-and-safety-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitors-and-placebo-for-common-psychiatric-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Cosima Locher, Helen Koechlin, Sean R Zion, Christoph Werner, Daniel S Pine, Irving Kirsch, Ronald C Kessler, Joe Kossowsky
Importance: Depressive disorders (DDs), anxiety disorders (ADs), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common mental disorders in children and adolescents. Objective: To examine the relative efficacy and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and placebo for the treatment of DD, AD, OCD, and PTSD in children and adolescents. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database from inception through August 7, 2016...
August 30, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852247/somatoform-pain-disorder-presenting-as-atypical-facial-pain-a-rare-presentation-in-a-13-year-old
#13
Ruchita Shah, Nidhi Chauhan
Children and adolescents often present to physicians and pediatricians with a range of medically unexplained symptoms, most common being headache, abdominal, and bone pains. These symptoms can be a manifestation of underlying depressive, anxiety or somatoform disorders, and sometimes the only symptom. Hence, it is important to recognize and manage these symptoms. Atypical facial pain (AFP) or atypical trigeminal neuralgia that has variably been described to be of psychological origin is considered to be rare in children...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843212/the-influence-of-endophenotypic-disease-specific-and-environmental-variables-on-the-expression-of-anxiety-in-pediatric-epilepsy
#14
William A Schraegle, Jeffrey B Titus
Children and adolescents with epilepsy often show higher rates of anxiety, which carries an increased risk for reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The current study assessed the role of parental psychiatric history (i.e., anxiety, depression, and/or bipolar disorder) on the rate of anxiety features in youth seen in a tertiary epilepsy clinic. Data included parental ratings on the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC-2) and the Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy (QOLCE) questionnaire for 180 children and adolescents (mean age=11...
August 23, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836888/pain-bullying-involvement-and-mental-health-problems-among-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-in-taiwan
#15
Yi-Chun Yeh, Mei-Feng Huang, Yu-Yu Wu, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of pain and pain-induced functional impairment with bullying involvement, as well as the relationships between pain and mental health problems among 474 children and adolescents with ADHD. METHOD: The levels of pain, pain-induced functional impairment, involvement in bullying, depression, anxiety, ADHD symptoms, and sleep quality were assessed. RESULTS: Both victims of verbal and relational bullying and victims of physical bullying were more likely to have pain and pain-induced functional impairment than nonvictims...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832748/prevalence-clinical-correlates-and-maternal-psychopathology-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-children-and-early-adolescents-results-from-a-large-community-study
#16
André R Simioni, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Jair J Mari, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. Methods: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of Childhood Psychiatric Disorders (HRC) and their mothers were assessed in structured interviews...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832654/the-bereavement-experience-of-adolescents-and-early-young-adults-with-cancer-peer-and-parental-loss-due-to-death-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-adverse-psychological-outcomes
#17
Liza-Marie Johnson, Carlos Torres, April Sykes, Deborah V Gibson, Justin N Baker
BACKGROUND: Adolescents commonly experience loss due to death, and perceived closeness to the deceased can often increase the intensity of bereavement. Adolescents and early young adult (AeYA) oncology patients may recall previous losses or experience new losses, possibly of other children with cancer, while coping with their own increased risk of mortality. The bereavement experiences of AeYA patients are not well described in the literature. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This analysis of bereavement sought to describe the prevalence and types of losses, the support following a death, and the impact of loss on AeYAs aged 13-21 years with malignant disease (or a hematologic disorder requiring allogeneic transplant)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827592/associations-between-serum-homocysteine-levels-and-anxiety-and-depression-among-children-and-adolescents-in-taiwan
#18
Kuo-Hsuan Chung, Hung-Yi Chiou, Yi-Hua Chen
Although evidence suggests that homocysteine levels are elevated in severe mental illness in children, findings regarding homocysteine levels in youth with anxiety and depression are scarce. Therefore, this study examined the association of homocysteine levels with anxiety and depression in a community sample of students aged 6-13 years. In total, 649 students were selected from the first, fourth, and seventh grades of schools in Taipei, Taiwan, in 2010. These students completed a hospital-based health examination, which included physical examination, blood sample collection, and questionnaire administration...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#19
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#20
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
keyword
keyword
91689
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"