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Anxiety/Depression in children/ adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313184/preschool-executive-control-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-elementary-school
#1
Timothy D Nelson, Katherine M Kidwell, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Cara C Tomaso, Maren Hankey, Kimberly Andrews Espy
Depression and anxiety are prevalent and impairing forms of psychopathology in children and adolescents. Deficits in early executive control (EC) may contribute to the development of these problems, but longitudinal studies with rigorous measurement across key developmental periods are limited. The current study examines EC in preschool as a predictor of subsequent depression and anxiety symptoms in elementary school in a community sample (N = 280). Child participants completed a battery of nine developmentally-appropriate tasks designed to measure major aspects of EC at age 5 years, 3 months...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289902/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-and-family-s-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#2
Carlo Cianchetti, Elisa Bianchi, Renzo Guerrini, Maria Giuseppina Baglietto, Marilena Briguglio, Simona Cappelletti, Susanna Casellato, Giovanni Crichiutti, Rosa Lualdi, Lucia Margari, Antonino Romeo, Ettore Beghi
INTRODUCTION: We studied children and adolescents with epilepsy (CAWE) and their families to evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression, quality of life (QoL), and their correlations with epilepsy characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 326 (52.5% females) 8 to 18years old CAWE. Anxiety and depression were assessed with the "Self-administered psychiatric scales for children and adolescents" (SAFA), and family's QoL with the parents' report "Impact of Epilepsy on QoL" (IEQoL)...
December 28, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258974/partners-in-parenting-a-multi-level-web-based-approach-to-support-parents-in-prevention-and-early-intervention-for-adolescent-depression-and-anxiety
#3
Marie Bh Yap, Katherine A Lawrence, Ronald M Rapee, Mairead C Cardamone-Breen, Jacqueline Green, Anthony F Jorm
Depression and anxiety disorders in young people are a global health concern. Various risk and protective factors for these disorders are potentially modifiable by parents, underscoring the important role parents play in reducing the risk and impact of these disorders in their adolescent children. However, cost-effective, evidence-based interventions for parents that can be widely disseminated are lacking. In this paper, we propose a multi-level public health approach involving a Web-based parenting intervention, Partners in Parenting (PIP)...
December 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250653/integrative-clinico-biological-pharmacogenetic-neuroimagistic-neuroendocrinological-and-psychological-correlations-in-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders
#4
Lavinia Maria Hogea, Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Daniela Veronica Chiriac, LuminiŢa Ştefania Ageu, Nicoleta Ioana Andreescu, Mirela Loredana Grigoraş, Roxana Folescu, Ana Cristina Bredicean, Maria Puiu, Elena Cecilia Ildikó Roşca, Mihaela Adriana Simu, Codrina Mihaela Levai
We approach the theme of modern treatment strategies, based on clinico-biological, pharmacogenetic, neuroimagistic, neuroendocrinological and psychological integrative correlations in the management of depressive and comorbid anxiety disorders. We target to evaluate the efficacy of the pharmacogenetic testing and the evolution, functioning of patients in correlation with specific neurobiological, neuroimagistic and neuroendocrinological markers. Our research was conducted between 2010-2016 on 80 children and adolescents with depressive and comorbid anxiety disorders - 40 children (G1 group), who benefited in choosing the pharmacotherapy from pharmacogenetic testing and 40 children without testing (G2 group)...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241842/functional-impact-of-congenital-hand-differences-early-results-from-the-congenital-upper-limb-differences-could-registry
#5
Donald S Bae, Maria F Canizares, Patricia E Miller, Peter M Waters, Charles A Goldfarb
PURPOSE: To characterize the functional, emotional, and social impact of congenital upper limb differences on affected children and families before treatment, using validated functional outcome instruments. METHODS: From June 2014 to March 2016, 586 children with congenital upper limb differences from 2 pediatric hospitals were enrolled in the Congenital Upper Limb Differences registry. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data were collected, and diagnoses categorized according to the Oberg-Manske-Tonkin classification...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#6
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230315/latent-class-analysis-of-violence-against-adolescents-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-refugee-settings-in-uganda-and-rwanda
#7
S R Meyer, G Yu, S Hermosilla, L Stark
Background: Little is known about violence against children in refugee camps and settlements, and the evidence-base concerning mental health outcomes of youth in refugee settings in low and middle-income countries is similarly small. Evidence is needed to understand patterns of violence against children in refugee camps, and associations with adverse mental health outcomes. Methods: Surveys were conducted with adolescent refugees (aged 13-17) in two refugee contexts - Kiziba Camp, Rwanda (n = 129) (refugees from Democratic Republic of Congo) and Adjumani and Kiryandongo refugee settlements, Uganda (n = 471) (refugees from South Sudan)...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218645/trajectories-of-italian-children-s-peer-rejection-associations-with-aggression-prosocial-behavior-physical-attractiveness-and-adolescent-adjustment
#8
Laura Di Giunta, Concetta Pastorelli, Eriona Thartori, Anna Silvia Bombi, Emma Baumgartner, Richard A Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin, Craig K Enders
In the present study, the predictors and outcomes associated with the trajectories of peer rejection were examined in a longitudinal sample of Italian children (338 boys, 269 girls) ages 10 to 14 years. Follow-up assessments included 60% of the original sample at age 16-17. Low, medium, and high rejection trajectory groups were identified using growth mixture models. Consistent with previous studies, we found that (a) being less prosocial and more physically aggressive at age 10 was characteristic of those children with the high rejection trajectory; (b) being less attractive was related to higher peer rejection from age 10 to 14; and (c) boys with a high rejection trajectory showed high levels of delinquency and anxiety-depression and low levels of academic aspiration at age 16-17, whereas girls with a high rejection trajectory showed low levels of academic aspiration and social competence at age 16-17...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211258/child-labor-and-severe-functioning-difficulties-and-disability-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-5-17-years-of-age
#9
Aremis Villalobos, Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas, Betania Allen-Leigh, Celia Hubert, Diana Avendaño-Badillo, Martín Romero, Agustín Vázquez-García, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of Mexican children and adolescents 5-17 years with severe functioning difficulties and disability and explore their participation in child labor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the National Survey of Boys, Girls and Women in Mexico 2015 we estimated prevalence of functioning difficulties and disability and used logistic regression to explore the association between this condition and child labor. RESULTS: While 11...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209393/relationship-between-problematic-internet-use-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-students-following-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-south-korea
#10
Ju-Yeon Lee, Sung-Wan Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Seon-Young Kim, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon
We investigated the association between problematic internet use (PIU) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in children and adolescents in South Korea. A cross-sectional survey was administered to community students who attended primary, secondary, and high schools in the Jindo area 1-2.5 months after the Sewol ferry disaster. Of the 1,744 respondents, 392 students who were exposed to the disaster, witnessing the rescue work directly, were evaluated. PTSD symptoms were measured using the University of California Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD-RI)...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189988/predictors-of-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-eq-5d-y-in-chronically-ill-children-and-adolescents-with-asthma-diabetes-and-juvenile-arthritis-longitudinal-results
#11
Christiane Otto, Dana Barthel, Fionna Klasen, Sandra Nolte, Matthias Rose, Ann-Katrin Meyrose, Marcus Klein, Ute Thyen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-reported outcome in clinical and health research. The EQ-5D-Y assesses child and adolescent HRQoL by five items on mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression as well as a visual analogue scale (VAS) on the current health state. This study investigates predictors of self-reported HRQoL according to the EQ-5D-Y in chronically ill children and adolescents using longitudinal data. METHODS: Data from the German Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes, and juvenile arthritis gathered over a period of six months were analyzed (n = 310; 7-17 years old; 48% female)...
November 30, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180867/immigration-related-mental-health-disorders-in-refugees-5-18-years-old-living-in-turkey
#12
Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Bengisu Uzel Tanrıverdi, Masum Öztürk, Özge Gözaçanlar, Gülsüm Yörük Ülker, Yekta Özkan
Purpose: This study assessed early-onset psychiatric disorders and factors related to these disorders in a group of refugee children after immigration due to war. Materials and methods: This study was conducted between January 2016 and June 2016. Clinical interviews were conducted with 89 children and their families, and were performed by native speakers of Arabic and Persian who had been primarily educated in these languages and were living in Turkey. A strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) that had Arabic and Persian validity and reliability was applied to both children and their families...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173735/efficacy-and-safety-of-lurasidone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-i-depression-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Melissa P DelBello, Robert Goldman, Debra Phillips, Ling Deng, Josephine Cucchiaro, Antony Loebel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar depression. METHOD: Patients 10 to 17 years old with a DSM-5 diagnosis of bipolar I depression were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind treatment with flexible doses of lurasidone 20 to 80 mg/day. The primary endpoint was change from baseline to week 6 in the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total score, evaluated by a mixed-model repeated-measures analysis...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164828/attenuated-psychosis-and-basic-self-disturbance-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-adolescents
#14
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#15
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163868/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-war-traumatized-refugee-and-internally-displaced-minors-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Agnes Nocon, Rima Eberle-Sejari, Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Rita Rosner
Background: The United Nations reported that in 2016 over 65 million people worldwide have forcibly left home. Over 50% are children and adolescents; a substantial number has been traumatized and displaced by war. Objective: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in this group we conducted a narrative review and a meta-analysis of intervention studies providing data on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, anxiety, grief, and general distress. Method: We searched PILOTS, MEDLINE, WoS, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PsycINFO, ASSIA, CSA, and SA for studies on treatment outcomes for war-traumatized displaced children and adolescents...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159404/variation-in-the-12-month-treatment-trajectories-of-children-and-adolescents-after-a-diagnosis-of-depression
#17
Nina R Joyce, Megan S Schuler, Scott E Hadland, Laura A Hatfield
Importance: Depression during childhood and adolescence is heterogeneous. Treatment patterns are often examined in aggregate, yet there is substantial variability across individual treatment trajectories. Understanding this variability can help identify treatment gaps among youths with depression. Objective: To characterize heterogeneity in 12-month trajectories of psychotherapy and antidepressant treatment in youths with depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a longitudinal-cohort study of youths 18 years or younger with a new diagnosis of depression and at least 12 months of follow-up following diagnosis, as determined from commercial insurance claims filed from 2007 to 2014...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157497/everywhere-and-nowhere-grief-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-pediatric-clinical-populations
#18
REVIEW
Pamela J Mosher
Grief is ubiquitous in the experience of children and adolescents with illness but not always recognized or named, and as a result grief is not always treated effectively by child/adolescent psychiatrists or pediatricians. Grief can be misinterpreted or treated as stress, anxiety, depression, adolescent moodiness, or behavioral concerns. Pediatricians and child/adolescent psychiatrists are often insufficiently educated on the topic of grief.
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153958/major-and-minor-life-events-personality-and-psychopathology-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome
#19
Netta Horesh, Sharona Shmuel-Baruch, Dan Farbstein, Daphna Ruhrman, Noa Ben Aroya Milshtein, Silvana Fennig, Alan Apter, Tamar Steinberg
Environmental, psychological, and biological interactions underlie many psychopathologies. Tourette's Syndrome (TS) has an obvious biological substrate but environmental factors and personality play substantial roles in its expression. We aimed to study the interrelationships between stressful life events, personality traits, tics, and comorbid disorders in children with TS. To this end, 132 children with TS and 49 healthy controls were recruited for the study. Major life events in the 12-months prior to testing and minor life events in the month prior to testing were retrospectively assessed using the Life Experiences Survey (LES) and the Brief Adolescent Life Events Scale (BALES), respectively...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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