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Anxiety/Depression in children/ adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159404/variation-in-the-12-month-treatment-trajectories-of-children-and-adolescents-after-a-diagnosis-of-depression
#1
Nina R Joyce, Megan S Schuler, Scott E Hadland, Laura A Hatfield
Importance: Depression during childhood and adolescence is heterogeneous. Treatment patterns are often examined in aggregate, yet there is substantial variability across individual treatment trajectories. Understanding this variability can help identify treatment gaps among youths with depression. Objective: To characterize heterogeneity in 12-month trajectories of psychotherapy and antidepressant treatment in youths with depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a longitudinal-cohort study of youths 18 years or younger with a new diagnosis of depression and at least 12 months of follow-up following diagnosis, as determined from commercial insurance claims filed from 2007 to 2014...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157497/everywhere-and-nowhere-grief-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-pediatric-clinical-populations
#2
REVIEW
Pamela J Mosher
Grief is ubiquitous in the experience of children and adolescents with illness but not always recognized or named, and as a result grief is not always treated effectively by child/adolescent psychiatrists or pediatricians. Grief can be misinterpreted or treated as stress, anxiety, depression, adolescent moodiness, or behavioral concerns. Pediatricians and child/adolescent psychiatrists are often insufficiently educated on the topic of grief.
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153958/major-and-minor-life-events-personality-and-psychopathology-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome
#3
Netta Horesh, Sharona Shmuel-Baruch, Dan Farbstein, Daphna Ruhrman, Noa Ben Aroya Milshtein, Silvana Fennig, Alan Apter, Tamar Steinberg
Environmental, psychological, and biological interactions underlie many psychopathologies. Tourette's Syndrome (TS) has an obvious biological substrate but environmental factors and personality play substantial roles in its expression. We aimed to study the interrelationships between stressful life events, personality traits, tics, and comorbid disorders in children with TS. To this end, 132 children with TS and 49 healthy controls were recruited for the study. Major life events in the 12-months prior to testing and minor life events in the month prior to testing were retrospectively assessed using the Life Experiences Survey (LES) and the Brief Adolescent Life Events Scale (BALES), respectively...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#5
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117710/psychometric-properties-of-the-frost-multidimensional-perfectionism-scale-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#6
Aurora Gavino, Raquel Nogueira, Lucía Pérez-Costillas, Antonio Godoy
The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) is one of the most used instruments to assess perfectionism. The FMPS assesses six dimensions: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Parental Expectations (EP), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about Actions (DA), Organization (OR), and Personal Standards (PS). CM, PE, PC, and DA are facets of a more general dimension considered Maladaptive Perfectionism. PS is frequently considered Adaptive Perfectionism. FMPS psychometric properties have been studied in adults but scarcely in children...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#7
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111893/-psychological-health-of-children-with-chronic-physical-illness-and-their-parents-results-from-meta-analyses
#8
Martin Pinquart
Psychological Health of Children with Chronic Physical Illness and their Parents - Results from Meta-Analyses The present paper summarizes results from meta-analyses on psychological well-being of children with chronic physical illnesses and their parents. At the beginning, we discuss potential reasons for psychological effects of a chronic physical illness on children and adolescents as well as their parents. We then summarize results of meta-analyses of studies that compared aspects of mental health of children with a chronic physical illness and their parents with families of healthy children...
November 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103355/strategies-included-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-programs-to-treat-internalized-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
Catherine Fréchette-Simard, Isabelle Plante, Jonathan Bluteau
This review aimed to identify the strategies used in programs based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to prevent and treat symptoms of anxiety, depression, and internalized behaviors of children and adolescents. Based on an online search (ERIC, PsycInfo, Virtuose UQAM, and Google Scholar), 61 studies describing different cognitive behavioral programs were selected. Results showed that 40 strategies were implemented in at least one program. However, none of the strategies were systematically present in all programs, and only few were reported in more than 50% of the studies...
November 6, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096778/adult-associations-of-childhood-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-prospective-longitudinal-analysis
#10
William E Copeland, David B Goldston, E Jane Costello
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal thoughts and behavior (STBs) have their peak period of onset in adolescence, but little is known about how such behavior is associated with later functioning. The aim of this study is to test whether childhood STBs are related to adult psychiatric, suicidal, and functional outcomes. METHOD: This is a prospective, population-based community study of 1,420 participants assessed with structured interviews up to 7 times in childhood/adolescence (ages 9-16 years; 6,674 observations) for STBs including passive and active ideation, plans, and attempts...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096528/the-presence-of-co-morbid-mental-health-problems-in-a-cohort-of-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#11
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Katharine A Rimes, Sheila Ali, Kate Lievesley, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To report on the prevalence of mental health disorders in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and to compare the diagnoses identified by a brief clinician-administered psychiatric interview with self-report screening questionnaires. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Consecutive attenders to specialist CFS clinics in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: N = 52 adolescents, age 12-18 years with CFS...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095747/sleep-sufficiency-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-tourette-s-disorder-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#12
Emily J Ricketts, Michelle Rozenman, Caitlin Choy, Hannah B Goldberg, Jessica S Kim, Christopher S Colwell, James T McCracken, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: The present study compared sleep sufficiency in youth with current Tourette's disorder (TD), history of TD and matched case controls, and examined predictors of sufficient sleep using a large US population-based survey. METHOD: Participants were 673 caregivers of youth aged 6 to 17 years (298 with current TD, 122 with a history of TD with no endorsement of current diagnosis, and 254 matched case controls) from the 2007 and 2011-2012 versions of the National Survey of Children's Health...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080592/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Ella L Oar, Carly Johnco, Thomas H Ollendick
Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent disorders in youth. Assessments for these disorders in young people typically include clinician-administered instruments such as diagnostic interviews and parent- and youth-report questionnaires. Cognitive behavioral therapy is considered a well-established treatment for both anxiety and depression. Latest research in the field is exploring innovative methods to enhance treatment outcome and improve access to evidence-based treatments.
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078153/comorbidity-classes-and-associated-impairment-demographics-and-9-11-exposures-in-8-236-children-and-adolescents
#14
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Guia Guffanti, Ruth Eisenberg, Bin Fan, George J Musa, Judith Wicks, Michaeline Bresnahan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christina Hoven
The extensive comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents leads to clinical heterogeneity, and is an often-overlooked issue in etiopathogenic and treatment studies in developmental psychopathology. In a representative sample (N=8236) of New York City public school students assessed six months after 9/11, latent class analysis was applied to 48 symptoms across seven disorders: posttraumatic stress, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety (GAD), major depression (MDD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071722/research-review-gender-identity-in-youth-treatment-paradigms-and-controversies
#15
REVIEW
Jack L Turban, Diane Ehrensaft
BACKGROUND: Pediatric gender identity has gained increased attention over the past several years in the popular media, political arena, and medical literature. This article reviews terminology in this evolving field, traditional models of gender identity development and their limitations, epidemiology and natural history of cross-gender identification among children and adolescents, co-occurring conditions and behaviors, research into the biological and psychosocial determinants of cross-gender identification, and research into the options regarding and benefits of clinical approaches to gender incongruent youth...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071438/predictive-value-of-dysregulation-profile-trajectories-in-childhood-for-symptoms-of-adhd-anxiety-and-depression-in-late-adolescence
#16
B Wang, L G Brueni, C Isensee, T Meyer, N Bock, U Ravens-Sieberer, F Klasen, R Schlack, A Becker, A Rothenberger
We examined whether there are certain dysregulation profile trajectories in childhood that may predict an elevated risk for mental disorders in later adolescence. Participants (N = 554) were drawn from a representative community sample of German children, 7-11 years old, who were followed over four measurement points (baseline, 1, 2 and 6 years later). Dysregulation profile, derived from the parent report of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, was measured at the first three measurement points, while symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depression were assessed at the fourth measurement point...
October 25, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066991/efficacy-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-in-children-and-adolescent-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Albert Sio-Eroles, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann, Joaquim Radua
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur in both adults and children/adolescents. Untreated PTSD can lead to negative long-term mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, low self-concept, disruptive behaviors, and/or substance use disorders. To prevent these adverse effects, treatment of PTSD is essential, especially in young population due to their greater vulnerability. The principal aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066986/the-mediating-effect-of-self-efficacy-in-the-connections-between-strength-based-parenting-happiness-and-psychological-distress-in-teens
#18
Daniel J Loton, Lea E Waters
Preliminary studies of strength-based parenting (SBP), a style of parenting that seeks to build strengths knowledge and strengths use in one's child, have reported benefits such as higher life satisfaction, subjective wellbeing, and positive emotions together with lower stress in children and teens. Two proximal mediators conveying these effects have been identified: teen's own use of strengths and strength-based coping, along with a small moderating effect of growth mindsets relating to strengths. The current study tests the potential mediating effect of self-efficacy, a sense of agency in life, in the relationship between SBP and mental health (wellbeing and illbeing) in teens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053976/longitudinal-association-between-mental-disorders-in-childhood-and-subsequent-depression-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Louise Krarup Gundel, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Søren Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Depression ranges among the most impairing mental disorders worldwide, and early detection is a global health priority. Little is known about the association between non-affective mental disorders in childhood/adolescence and later depression. METHODS: Nationwide register-based prospective cohort study, estimating cumulative incidences and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for later depression in individuals with and without non-affective mental disorders in early life...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049860/could-we-use-parent-report-as-a-valid-proxy-of-child-report-on-anxiety-depression-and-distress-a-systematic-investigation-of-father-mother-child-triads-in-children-successfully-treated-for-leukemia
#20
Cybelle Abate, Sarah Lippé, Laurence Bertout, Simon Drouin, Maja Krajinovic, Émélie Rondeau, Daniel Sinnett, Caroline Laverdière, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Systematic assessment of emotional distress is recommended in after care. Yet, it is unclear if parent report may be used as a proxy of child report. The aim of this study was to assess agreements and differences and explore possible moderators of disagreement between child and parent ratings. METHODS: Sixty-two young survivors treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (9-18 years) and both parents responded to the Beck Youth Inventory (anxiety and depression) and the distress rating scale on the child's status...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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