keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nonprescription

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260839/safety-and-effectiveness-of-health-care-antiseptics-topical-antimicrobial-drug-products-for-over-the-counter-human-use-final-rule
#1
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is issuing this final rule establishing that certain active ingredients used in nonprescription (also known as over-the-counter or OTC) antiseptic products intended for use by health care professionals in a hospital setting or other health care situations outside the hospital are not generally recognized as safe and effective (GRAS/GRAE). FDA is issuing this final rule after considering the recommendations of the Nonprescription Drugs Advisory Committee (NDAC); public comments on the Agency's notices of proposed rulemaking; and all data and information on OTC health care antiseptic products that have come to the Agency's attention...
December 20, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240799/inappropriate-self-medication-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-lower-medication-literacy-and-substance-use
#2
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227521/pediatric-poisonings-the-risk-of-over-the-counter-pharmaceuticals
#3
Elizabeth Quaal Hines
Every week in the United States, 56% of children younger than age 18 years and 82% of adults take at least one medication. Nonprescription medications, including acetaminophen and ibuprofen, are among the most commonly used pharmaceuticals across all age groups. Use of nonprescription medications, traditionally available over-the-counter, has become ubiquitous. Unfortunately, with such abundant use there is an associated risk for therapeutic misuse, intentional misuse, and even abuse. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(12):e454-e458...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227236/use-of-marijuana-and-other-substances-among-pregnant-and-parenting-women-with-substance-use-disorders-changes-in-washington-state-after-marijuana-legalization
#4
Therese M Grant, J Christopher Graham, Beatriz H Carlini, Cara C Ernst, Natalie Novick Brown
OBJECTIVE: In 2012, possession of marijuana for nonmedical use was legalized in Washington State. This study examined how legalization affected alcohol and drug use in a sample of pregnant and parenting women with substance use disorders. METHOD: Study participants from nine counties in Washington State (N = 1,359) were questioned about their substance use after completing a 3-year case management intervention program. The sample was divided into two cohorts based on whether participants had completed the program before or after legalization...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209802/-doping-for-the-brain
#5
REVIEW
Bernhard Iglseder
The enhancement of physical and cognitive abilities (i. e. concentration, vigilance, memory) has always been desirable for humans. The term pharmacological neuroenhancement refers to the use of legal or nonprescription psychoactive substances by healthy subjects with the intention of cognitive enhancement. To give the most prominent example, caffeine serves worldwide as a natural stimulant. Brain doping, however, specifies the use of illegal substances or prescription drugs beyond approval with the purpose of cognitive enhancement...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202940/genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-management-strategies-for-the-clinician
#6
REVIEW
Stephanie S Faubion, Richa Sood, Ekta Kapoor
Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), previously known as atrophic vaginitis or vulvovaginal atrophy, affects more than half of postmenopausal women. Caused by low estrogen levels after menopause, it results in bothersome symptoms, including vaginal dryness, itching, dyspareunia, urinary urgency and increased frequency, and urinary tract infections. Even though women with GSM can have sexual dysfunction that interferes with partner relationships, women are often embarrassed to seek treatment, and health care professionals do not always actively screen for GSM...
December 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201368/medication-use-and-falls-applying-beers-criteria-to-medication-review-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Eleanor Yusupov, Davina Chen, Bhuma Krishnamachari
Objectives: Our goal was to assess the association between potentially inappropriate medication use and risk of falls in the Parkinson's disease population. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an outpatient Parkinson's Disease Treatment Center. Individuals 65 years of age or older, diagnosed with Parkinson's disease who attended at least three visits in 2015 for physical, occupational therapy, or physician's visits were included in the study...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200050/a-call-for-compassionate-care
#8
Karen Alexander
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014) reported that 1.1% of pregnant women used nonprescription opiates (either heroin or prescription pills) in the last 30 days. Methadone and buprenorphine are the most common treatments for opiate addiction in pregnant women. Reasons for seeking opiate maintenance treatment (OMT) include keeping custody of one's children and the hope of developing a healthy parenting relationship. Yet, healthcare organizations and professionals have mixed opinions regarding health promotion within the maternal OMT population...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171279/a-review-of-dietary-supplement-adverse-event-report-data-from-the-fda-center-for-food-safety-and-applied-nutrition-adverse-event-reporting-system-caers-2004-2013
#9
Babgaleh B Timbo, Stuart J Chirtel, John Ihrie, Taiye Oladipo, Loy Velez-Suarez, Vickery Brewer, Robert Mozersky
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) oversees the safety of the nation's foods, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products. OBJECTIVE: To present a descriptive analysis of the 2004-2013 dietary supplement adverse event report (AER) data from CAERS and evaluate the 2006 Dietary Supplements and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act as pertaining to dietary supplements adverse events reporting...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048520/pain-acceptance-as-a-predictor-of-medical-utilization-and-school-absenteeism-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#10
Michelle A Clementi, Grace S Kao, Evelyn Monico
Objective: Identifying factors contributing to high medical utilization and productivity loss is important, given the high cost of pediatric chronic pain. The current study examined chronic pain acceptance as a predictor of medical utilization and school absenteeism in adolescents with chronic pain. Methods: In all, 122 adolescents (aged 12-21 years) with chronic pain and their parents/guardians completed questionnaires assessing medical visits (past 6 months), medication usage, and number of school absences (past month)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994642/reasons-for-not-treating-women-with-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-with-prescription-medications-physicians-and-patients-perspectives
#11
Jessica Papadopoulos Weaver, Kelly Olsson, Ravi Sadasivan, Ankita Modi, Shuvayu Sen
BACKGROUND: In the United States, between one-third and two thirds of postmenopausal women do not begin treatment with a prescription osteoporosis medication after a diagnosis of osteoporosis. The objective of this study was to understand the reasons for this lack of treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online physician and patient surveys were administered in 2013. The physician survey included a chart review of untreated postmenopausal women recently diagnosed with osteoporosis and gathered data on physicians' practices regarding the management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994329/the-value-of-self-medication-summary-of-existing-evidence
#12
Joshua Noone, Christopher M Blanchette
AIM: The aim of this review was to identify the international evidence that is currently available on the economic value of self-care through responsible self-medication, in terms of the measures related to access to treatment, time, and productivity. METHODS: A targeted literature search was conducted for 1990-2016, including data gathered from members of the World Self-Medication Industry and searches on PubMed, EBSCOHost, and Google Scholar. Specific searches of individual drug classes known to be switched to non-prescription status in this period were also conducted...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987598/the-brazilian-market-of-herbal-medicinal-products-and-the-impacts-of-the-new-legislation-on-traditional-medicines
#13
Ana Cecília Bezerra Carvalho, Túlio Nader Lana, João Paulo Silvério Perfeito, Dâmaris Silveira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: the herbal medicinal products (HMP) market is expanding in the world, an expansion that has not occurred in Brazil when considering the number of licensed products. Despite being a megadiverse country, the number of HMP licensed in Brazil is small, and the number of HMP obtained from native species is even smaller. A new legislation for herbal products licensing, which divides the products into two categories, Herbal Medicine (HM) and Traditional Herbal Product (THP) was launched in Brazil focusing on traditional use, as well as a law regulating the use of biodiversity and traditional knowledge...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967696/single-dose-pharmacokinetic-study-of-diphenhydramine-hcl-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
Cathy K Gelotte, Brenda A Zimmerman, Gary A Thompson
Diphenhydramine pharmacokinetics were characterized following a single oral dose in children aged 2 to 17 years using a weight- and age-based dosing schedule with more tiers than the current age-based dosing schedule recommended by the nonprescription drug monograph. This study was conducted in 42 subjects, aged 2 to 17 years. Doses were based on a weight-age dosing schedule, ranging from 6.25 to 50 mg. An oral dose was administered with water about 2 hours after a light breakfast. Plasma samples were obtained up to 48 hours after dosing and analyzed for diphenhydramine...
October 2, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951854/ospemifene-a-novel-option-for-the-treatment-of-vulvovaginal-atrophy
#15
REVIEW
Jae Jun Shin, Seul Ki Kim, Jung Ryeol Lee, Chang Suk Suh
Ospemifene-a third-generation selective estrogen receptor modulator approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2013-is an oral medication for the treatment of dyspareunia. In postmenopausal women with vulvovaginal atrophy, ospemifene significantly improves the structure and pH levels of the vagina, reducing dyspareunia. It is available as a 60-mg tablet; hence, women who may have had prior difficulty with vaginal administration or on-demand use of nonprescription lubricants and moisturizers would likely prefer this form of treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951675/the-extent-of-use-of-online-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Norah Abanmy
PURPOSE: Online pharmacies sell medicine over the Internet and deliver them by mail. The main objective of this study is to explore the extent of use of online pharmacies in Saudi Arabia which will be useful for the scientific community and regulators. METHODS: An Arabic survey questionnaire was developed for this study. The questionnaire was distributed via email and social media. Four sections were created to cover the objectives: experience with online shopping in general, demographics, awareness of the existence and customer experiences of buying medicine online, and reasons for buying/not buying medicine online...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947415/prescribing-of-electronic-activity-monitors-in-cardiometabolic-diseases-qualitative-interview-based-study
#17
Alice Bellicha, Sandrine Macé, Jean-Michel Oppert
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases, including those such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, so-called cardiometabolic diseases, is high and is increasing worldwide. Strong evidence supports the role of physical activity in management of these diseases. There is general consensus that mHealth technology, including electronic activity monitors, can potentially increase physical activity in patients, but their use in clinical settings remains limited...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891368/medication-management-in-schools-2015-survey-results
#18
Erin D Maughan, Ann Marie McCarthy, Maria Hein, Yelena Perkhounkova, Michael W Kelly
The increasing prevalence of chronic conditions in children, for both common and rare conditions, over the past 30 years, and the increase in the number and range of medications used to manage these conditions, has contributed to the need to address medication management in schools. The purpose of this article is to present the key findings from a national survey on medication administration in schools. A nonexperimental cross-sectional design was used in this descriptive study. An online survey was sent to school nurses across the country...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807658/self-reported-participation-in-voluntary-nonprescription-syringe-sales-in-california-s-central-valley
#19
Robin A Pollini
OBJECTIVES: California Senate Bill 41 (SB41), effective January 2012, is a human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus prevention measure designed to expand syringe access among injection drug users (IDUs) by allowing pharmacies to sell syringes without a prescription. This study assesses self-reported implementation of SB41 and characterizes barriers amenable to intervention. DESIGN: Interviewer-administered survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Fresno and Kern Counties, CA...
November 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780741/channeling-in-the-use-of-nonprescription-paracetamol-and-ibuprofen-in-an-electronic-medical-records-database-evidence-and-implications
#20
Rachel B Weinstein, Patrick Ryan, Jesse A Berlin, Amy Matcho, Martijn Schuemie, Joel Swerdel, Kayur Patel, Daniel Fife
INTRODUCTION: Over-the-counter analgesics such as paracetamol and ibuprofen are among the most widely used, and having a good understanding of their safety profile is important to public health. Prior observational studies estimating the risks associated with paracetamol use acknowledge the inherent limitations of these studies. One threat to the validity of observational studies is channeling bias, i.e. the notion that patients are systematically exposed to one drug or the other, based on current and past comorbidities, in a manner that affects estimated relative risk...
August 5, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
keyword
keyword
91686
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"