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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921037/acute-kidney-injury-in-western-countries
#1
REVIEW
Josée Bouchard, Ravindra L Mehta
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent and is associated with poor outcomes, including increased mortality, higher risk of chronic kidney disease, and prolonged hospital lengths of stay. The epidemiology of AKI mainly derives from studies performed in Western high-income countries. More limited data are available from Western low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) located in Central and South America. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the most recent data on the epidemiology of AKI in Western countries, aiming to contrast results from industrialized high-income countries with LMICs...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921036/acute-kidney-injury-in-asia
#2
REVIEW
Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The diversity of the climate and of the socioeconomic and developmental status in Asia has a great influence on the etiology and presentation of AKI in different regions. In view of the International Society of Nephrology's 0by25 initiative, more and more attention has been paid to AKI in Asian countries. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the recent achievements with regard to the prevalence and clinical patterns of AKI in Asian countries...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906534/food-and-drug-administration-review-and-action-on-over-the-counter-time-and-extent-applications-final-rule
#3
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is amending its nonprescription (over-the-counter or OTC) drug regulations. This final rule supplements the time and extent application (TEA) process for OTC drugs by establishing timelines and performance metrics for FDA's review of non-sunscreen TEAs, as required by the Sunscreen Innovation Act (SIA). It also amends the existing TEA process to include filing determination and withdrawal provisions to make the TEA process more efficient.
November 23, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897088/negligible-thyroid-hormone-content-present-in-nonprescription-u-s-weight-loss-products
#4
Christian D Seger, Xuemei He, Lewis E Braverman, Michael W Yeh, Victor Bernet, Ravinder Singh, Connie M Rhee, Angela M Leung
No abstract required: Submission is a Letter to the Editor.
November 29, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849505/a-prospective-observation-study-of-medical-toxicology-consultation-in-a-u-s-combat-theater
#5
Joseph K Maddry, Patrick C Ng, Daniel Sessions, Vikhyat S Bebarta
OBJECTIVES: Since 2001, U.S. military personnel and active duty, uniformed physicians providing medical support have been deployed to Afghanistan. Medical toxicologists are among the physicians deployed. There is a paucity of information present in the literature that has documented cases treated by toxicologists in theater. This prospective observational study describes 15 male patients treated in theater by a military medical toxicologist. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study in which a medical toxicologist consulted and reported on deployed toxicology cases occurring during a 5-month deployment to Bagram, Afghanistan...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849273/use-of-prescription-drugs-and-self-medication-among-men
#6
Maria Aparecida Medeiros Barros do Prado, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Tássia Fraga Bastos, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Objective: To estimate the prevalence, investigate factors associated with the use of medication according to prescription, identify the main pharmaceuticals consumed through self-medication, and the reason for this use among adult men. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study with stratified clustered two-stage sampling was conducted in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008/2009. Results: Of the 1,063 men, 45.3% reported using at least 1 drug in the last 3 days...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843108/pharmacist-intervention-in-patient-selection-of-nonprescription-and-self-care-products
#7
John Taylor Schimmelfing, Andrea L Brookhart, K Michele Brown Fountain, Jean-Venable Kelly R Goode
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential outcomes of pharmacist intervention on patient selection of nonprescription and self-care products and to evaluate patient confidence and satisfaction with the assistance of the pharmacist. METHODS: A prospective, convenience sample study was conducted at 3 locations of a national supermarket chain pharmacy in the Charlottesville, Virginia, area over 4 months. Patients were recruited for the study if they approached the pharmacy counter and requested assistance with nonprescription and self-care product selection or if the investigating pharmacists approached the patient in the self-care aisles...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803447/use-of-pharmacist-consultations-for-nonprescription-laxatives-in-japan-an-online-survey
#8
Keita Shibata, Arisa Matsumoto, Ayumi Nakagawa, Keiko Akagawa, Akihiro Nakamura, Toshinori Yamamoto, Naomi Kurata
Community pharmacies in Japan have long been advocated as effective sources of nonprescription medicines and health-related advice. Consumers sometimes self-treat symptoms of minor illnesses without consulting a pharmacist because the benefits of such consultations are not adequately recognized. The aim of this study was to investigate the use and impact of pharmacist consultations before purchase of nonprescription laxatives. An online survey was conducted July 14-22, 2012 with 500 respondents (250 men, 250 women), ranging 20-60 years old...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684757/newscap-several-prescription-and-nonprescription-drugs-may-exacerbate-heart-failure
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647529/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-decision-aid-with-tailored-fracture-risk-tool-delivered-via-a-patient-portal
#10
A J Smallwood, M M Schapira, M Fedders, J M Neuner
: We tested the feasibility of a fracture prevention decision aid in an online patient portal. The decision aid was acceptable for patients and successfully decreased decisional conflict. This study suggests the possible utility of leveraging the patient portal to enhance patient education and decision making in osteoporosis care. INTRODUCTION: Although interventions have improved osteoporosis screening and/or treatment for certain populations of high-risk patients, recent national studies suggest that large-scale uptake of these interventions has been limited...
September 19, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632802/safety-and-effectiveness-of-consumer-antiseptics-topical-antimicrobial-drug-products-for-over-the-counter-human-use-final-rule
#11
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, we, or the Agency) is issuing this final rule establishing that certain active ingredients used in over-the-counter (OTC) consumer antiseptic products intended for use with water (referred to throughout this document as consumer antiseptic washes) are not generally recognized as safe and effective (GRAS/GRAE) and are misbranded. FDA is issuing this final rule after considering the recommendations of the Nonprescription Drugs Advisory Committee (NDAC); public comments on the Agency's notices of proposed rulemaking; and all data and information on OTC consumer antiseptic wash products that have come to the Agency's attention...
September 6, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567185/a-systematic-review-of-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-misuse-in-older-adults
#12
REVIEW
Rachel D Maree, Zachary A Marcum, Ester Saghafi, Debra K Weiner, Jordan F Karp
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the prevalence of opioid and benzodiazepine prescription drug misuse in older adults, the risk factors associated with misuse, and age-appropriate interventions. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a literature search of PubMed, PsycINFO, and EMBASE for peer-reviewed journal articles in English through April 2014 with updates through November 2015 was conducted for reports on misuse of prescription benzodiazepines and opioids in older adults...
November 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559846/depression-moderates-the-relationship-between-pain-and-the-nonmedical-use-of-opioid-medication-among-adult-outpatients
#13
Michael J Mason, Gregory Golladay, William Jiranek, Brian Cameron, Joel J Silverman, Nikola M Zaharakis, Paul Plonski
BACKGROUND: The nonmedical use of prescription medication among US adults is a growing public health problem. Healthcare providers should proactively address this problem in outpatient encounters. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand the interactive effects among prescription drugs, pain, and psychiatric symptoms among adult outpatients to build an empirical foundation for comprehensive screening. METHODS: We screened 625 adult neurosurgery and orthopedic patients at a suburban satellite clinic of an urban academic medical center...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555801/medicine-reclassification-processes-and-regulations-for-proper-use-of-over-the-counter-self-care-medicines-in-japan
#14
Kaori Nomura, Yuki Kitagawa, Yasukatsu Yuda, Hiromi Takano-Ohmuro
OBJECTIVES: Japan has actively reclassified substances ranging from prescription drugs to over-the-counter (OTC) drugs in recent years. The sale of most OTC drugs was deregulated several times and pharmacists' supervision was deemed no longer mandatory. Japan established a new OTC evaluation system in 2015 to hear opinions from various stakeholders regarding medicine types to be reclassified. This study aimed to examine the new framework to identify candidate substances for reclassification...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496544/cultural-disparities-in-the-use-of-prescription-and-nonprescription-medications-among-midlife-women-in-israel
#15
Liat Lerner-Geva, Tzvia Blumstein, Valentina Boyko, Adel Farhi, Yael Benyamini
The study aimed to examine differences in medication use among midlife women from different cultural origins and to identify socio-demographic, health, and lifestyle characteristics associated with prescribed and non-prescribed medication use. Face-to-face interviews with women aged 45-64 years were conducted during 2004-2006 within three population groups: long-term Jewish residents (LTJR), immigrants from the former Soviet Union after 1989, and Arab women. The survey instrument included current use of medications and way of purchasing (with/without prescription)...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492013/common-medications-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-a-review
#16
Konrad H Stopsack, Alexandra J Greenberg, Lorelei A Mucci
PURPOSE: Most prostate cancer patients also have comorbidities that are treated with both prescription and nonprescription medications; furthermore, many use dietary supplements. We assess their association with prognosis after prostate cancer diagnosis, and we discuss methodological challenges and clinical implications. METHODS: We reviewed high-quality observational studies investigating the association of commonly used medications and supplements with prostate cancer-specific mortality...
August 4, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449139/calls-to-a-teratogen-information-service-regarding-potential-exposures-in-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#17
Sarah C Campbell, Tyler T Kast, Manijeh Kamyar, Julia Robertson, Catherine M Sherwin
BACKGROUND: MotherToBaby Utah is a teratogen information service that provides support for pregnant and breastfeeding women and healthcare providers regarding risks of exposures to medications, infections, herbals, homeopathic and dietary medications, chemicals and other substances. Calls are anonymous and free of charge. This study was undertaken to examine the volume and classification of calls regarding exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding. METHODS: Data were extracted from calls requesting information about medication use and other exposures to pregnant and breastfeeding women, between January 1 2009 and December 31 2012...
2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443680/evaluation-of-web-based-consumer-medication-information-content-and-usability-of-4-australian-websites
#18
Magdalena Z Raban, Amina Tariq, Lauren Richardson, Mary Byrne, Maureen Robinson, Ling Li, Johanna I Westbrook, Melissa T Baysari
BACKGROUND: Medication is the most common intervention in health care, and written medication information can affect consumers' medication-related behavior. Research has shown that a large proportion of Australians search for medication information on the Internet. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medication information content, based on consumer medication information needs, and usability of 4 Australian health websites: Better Health Channel, myDr, healthdirect, and NPS MedicineWise ...
2016: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423213/nonprescription-syringe-sales-resistant-pharmacists-attitudes-and-practices
#19
Elizabeth Chiarello
OBJECTIVES: To examine barriers to nonprescription syringe sales (NPSS) in pharmacies by examining resistant pharmacists' willingness to provide syringes to people who inject drugs (PWID) and their current practices for provision or refusal. METHODS: Qualitative, semi-structured, in-depth interviews with community pharmacists in California, Kansas, Mississippi, and New Jersey. Participants include seventeen community pharmacists who expressed ethical concerns about providing syringes drawn from a larger sample of 71 community pharmacists participating in a study of ethical decision-making...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374952/nonprescription-drugs-and-self-medication-approach-and-practice-to-pharmaceutical-education
#20
Kinzo Watanabe, Naohito Ohno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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