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Therapeutic effect of laugh

Dorota Parnowska, Anna Braniecka, Anna Radomska
The existing research on sense of humour in schizophrenia is focused on two main areas, mainly, assessment of patients' abilities to understand and appreciate humour and denoting the possibilities of its application in therapeutic programs concentrating on the improvement of patients' functionality and preventing illness relapses. The vast majority of the conclusions from the above mentioned research corroborate the opinion on the usefulness of developing and reinforcing sense of humour in schizophrenia, emphasizing its beneficial effect on the patients' quality of life, above all, in terms of reducing aggression, anxiety and depression as well as improving general life satisfaction and social functioning...
September 2013: Psychiatria Polska
J Navarro, R del Moral, M F Alonso, P Loste, J Garcia-Campayo, R Lahoz-Beltra, P C Marijuán
BACKGROUND: In the medical field, laughter has been studied for its beneficial effects on health and as a therapeutic method to prevent and treat major medical diseases. However, very few works, if any, have explored the predictive potential of laughter and its potential use as a diagnostic tool. METHOD: We registered laughs of depressed patients (n=30) and healthy controls (n=20), in total 934 laughs (517 from patients and 417 from controls). All patients were tested by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS)...
May 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
Elizabeth S Bast, Elliot M Berry
This review explores the potential overlap between the fields of nutrition and therapeutic humor, together with the role of humor as a possible tool for aiding those in whom emotions, particularly negative ones, trigger eating as a means to improve mood. We review emotional eating, obesity, and the hypothesized mechanisms of emotional eating. We then review the field of therapeutic humor and its ability to de-stress individuals, possibly through endorphin and opioid systems, both of which are also involved in eating behavior...
January 2014: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
R E Ferner, J K Aronson
OBJECTIVE: To review the beneficial and harmful effects of laughter. DESIGN: Narrative synthesis. DATA SOURCES AND REVIEW METHODS: We searched Medline (1946 to June 2013) and Embase (1974 to June 2013) for reports of benefits or harms from laughter in humans, and counted the number of papers in each category. RESULTS: Benefits of laughter include reduced anger, anxiety, depression, and stress; reduced tension (psychological and cardiovascular); increased pain threshold; reduced risk of myocardial infarction (presumably requiring hearty laughter); improved lung function; increased energy expenditure; and reduced blood glucose concentration...
December 12, 2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Laura Fonzi, Gabriella Matteucci, Giuseppe Bersani
Laughter is a very common behaviour in everyday life, nevertheless scientific literature is lacking in studies which examine closely its nature. The study aims are: to summarise the present knowledge about laughter and its relation with depression and to make hypotheses on its possible therapeutic function. In the first part of the review the main data existing about encephalic structures involved in laughter genesis, which show participation of cortical and subcortical regions, are reported and the effects of laughter on the organism physiologic equilibrium, particularly on the neuroendocrine and immune systems, are described...
January 2010: Rivista di Psichiatria
In-Myong Chung, Youn-Sub Kim, Yun-Hee Sung, Sung-Eun Kim, Il-Gyu Ko, Mal-Soon Shin, Hi-Joon Park, Dae-Hyun Ham, Hye-Jung Lee, Ki-Jeong Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Yong-Seok Jee, Khae-Hawn Kim, Chang-Ju Kim
Stress urinary incontinence leads to the involuntary loss of urine during abdominal strain caused by sneezing, laughing, and coughing. Acupuncture has been widely used for the treatment and prevention of a variety of diseases in traditional medicine. Acupuncture has also been used to relieve the symptoms of functional disorders of the lower urinary tract. In the present study, we investigated the effect of acupuncture at the Sanyinjiao (SP6) acupoint on stress urinary incontinence in rats. The present results showed that abdominal leak point pressure was decreased in rats with stress urinary incontinence, while acupuncture at the SP6 acupoint significantly enhanced the abdominal leak point pressure...
July 4, 2008: Neuroscience Letters
Ariel Miller, Hillel Panitch
A variety of neurological conditions and disease states are accompanied by pseudobulbar affect (PBA), an emotional disorder characterized by uncontrollable outbursts of laughing and crying. The causes of PBA are unclear but may involve lesions in neural circuits regulating the motor output of emotional expression. Several agents used in treating other psychiatric disorders have been applied in the treatment of PBA with some success but data are limited and these agents are associated with unpleasant side effects due to nonspecific activity in diffuse neural networks...
August 15, 2007: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Barbara G Kruse, Mark Prazak
Laughter, the physical response to perceived humor, has demonstrated positive effects on physical and psychological well-being. Studies that focus on effects of humor on health and well-being of older adults are scarce. No studies were found that examine what older adults find humorous. The purpose of this descriptive study was to explore the humor stimulus in a population of older adults. One hundred thirty (130) hospital auxiliary personnel aged 50 and older were asked the question What makes you laugh? Content analysis of responses revealed nine themes in two major categories, which were (a) people or animals and (b) situations or events...
September 2006: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Ariel Miller
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA), a condition involving involuntary and uncontrollable episodes of crying and/or laughing, occurs frequently in patients with a variety of neurological disorders, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), stroke, traumatic brain injury, dementia including Alzheimer's disease, and multiple sclerosis (MS). Although PBA results in considerable distress for patients and caretakers, it is underrecognized and undertreated. Agents used to treat psychiatric disorders--particularly tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors--are useful in alleviating PBA, but act on diffuse neural networks rather than targeting those involved in emotional motor expression...
June 15, 2006: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
H M Bakerman
Extensive study of the brain has resulted in the development of interventions to augment and preserve function. However, there exists a phenomenon that affects the vital brain centres including speech and memory the control of vital functions, and the immune system. What has this power? Humour. Recognized as hazardous to illness, humour leads to laughing, smiling and good feelings. Humour has been described as a basic need, a coping mechanism, and a form of communication, all integral in the care of patients and families...
March 1997: L' Axone
Y Komurasaki, T Yokoyama, J Ogura, K Maeda
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has been reported to be effective in some neuropsychiatric diseases. We examined the effect of TRH on the syndrome of pathologic laughing or crying in four patients with multiple cerebral infarction and one with olivo-ponto-cerebellar atrophy (OPCA). We found a marked therapeutic effect of the peptide on pathologic laughing with a slight improvement in ataxia in a patient with OPCA. A marked diminution in frequency of their pathologic crying with TRH was achieved in two patients with multiple cerebral infarction...
December 1989: Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology
N Schmitt
This article describes a study of patients in a rehabilitation hospital regarding their perception of laughter and its effect on their mood, their opinion of nurses who laugh with patients, and the appropriateness of laughter in this setting. Results from 35 surveys indicated that patients welcome laughter and perceive nurses who laugh with their patients to be therapeutic. Coupled with information from the literature, which described the positive physical, psychological, and social benefits of laughter, the results of this survey support laughter as a therapeutic intervention that nurses can use in helping patients and families through the process of rehabilitation...
May 1990: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
R Davidhizar, R Schearer
Humor is an approach caregivers can use to assist the elderly in facing some of the disappointments of old age. The ability to laugh at oneself, at others, and at situations stimulates trust, commitment, and a positive sense of working together that is therapeutic to both staff and patients. Humor offers a tool for patients, families, and staff who deal with the elderly for stress management, coping, and to facilitate implementation of the nursing process. When humor is used it is important for the nurse to bear in mind that for patients who are cognitively impaired attempts at humor may be misunderstood...
September 1992: Geriatric Nursing
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