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Therapeutic effect of music

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803535/robotic-assistance-for-training-finger-movement-using-a-hebbian-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Justin B Rowe, Vicky Chan, Morgan L Ingemanson, Steven C Cramer, Eric T Wolbrecht, David J Reinkensmeyer
BACKGROUND: Robots that physically assist movement are increasingly used in rehabilitation therapy after stroke, yet some studies suggest robotic assistance discourages effort and reduces motor learning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the therapeutic effects of high and low levels of robotic assistance during finger training. METHODS: We designed a protocol that varied the amount of robotic assistance while controlling the number, amplitude, and exerted effort of training movements...
August 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790944/qualitative-and-quantitative-features-of-music-reported-to-support-peak-mystical-experiences-during-psychedelic-therapy-sessions
#2
Frederick S Barrett, Hollis Robbins, David Smooke, Jenine L Brown, Roland R Griffiths
Psilocybin is a classic (serotonergic) hallucinogen ("psychedelic" drug) that may occasion mystical experiences (characterized by a profound feeling of oneness or unity) during acute effects. Such experiences may have therapeutic value. Research and clinical applications of psychedelics usually include music listening during acute drug effects, based on the expectation that music will provide psychological support during the acute effects of psychedelic drugs, and may even facilitate the occurrence of mystical experiences...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757232/the-joy-of-heartfelt-music-an-examination-of-emotional-and-physiological-responses
#3
Emily Lynar, Erin Cvejic, Emery Schubert, Ute Vollmer-Conna
Music-listening can be a powerful therapeutic tool for mood rehabilitation, yet quality evidence for its validity as a singular treatment is scarce. Specifically, the relationship between music-induced mood improvement and meaningful physiological change, as well as the influence of music- and person-related covariates on these outcomes are yet to be comprehensively explored. Ninety-four healthy participants completed questionnaires probing demographics, personal information, and musical background. Participants listened to two prescribed musical pieces (one classical, one jazz), an "uplifting" piece of their own choice, and an acoustic control stimulus (white noise) in randomised order...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736539/reviewing-the-effectiveness-of-music-interventions-in-treating-depression
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Leubner, Thilo Hinterberger
Depression is a very common mood disorder, resulting in a loss of social function, reduced quality of life and increased mortality. Music interventions have been shown to be a potential alternative for depression therapy but the number of up-to-date research literature is quite limited. We present a review of original research trials which utilize music or music therapy as intervention to treat participants with depressive symptoms. Our goal was to differentiate the impact of certain therapeutic uses of music used in the various experiments...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736515/heidelberg-neuro-music-therapy-enhances-task-negative-activity-in-tinnitus-patients
#5
Christoph M Krick, Heike Argstatter, Miriam Grapp, Peter K Plinkert, Wolfgang Reith
Background: Suffering from tinnitus causes mental distress in most patients. Recent findings point toward a diminished activity of the brain's default-mode network (DMN) in subjects with mental disorders including depression or anxiety and also recently in subjects with tinnitus-related distress. We recently developed a therapeutic intervention, namely the Heidelberg Neuro-Music Therapy (HNMT), which shows an effective reduction of tinnitus-related distress following a 1-week short-term treatment. This approach offers the possibility to evaluate the neural changes associated with the improvements in tinnitus distress...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716314/safety-and-efficacy-of-ebselen-for-the-prevention-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#6
Jonathan Kil, Edward Lobarinas, Christopher Spankovich, Scott K Griffiths, Patrick J Antonelli, Eric D Lynch, Colleen G Le Prell
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading cause of occupational and recreational injury and disease, and a major determinant of age-related hearing loss. No therapeutic agent has been approved for the prevention or treatment of this disorder. In animal models, glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) activity is reduced after acute noise exposure. Ebselen, a novel GPx1 mimic, has been shown to reduce both temporary and permanent noise-induced hearing loss in preclinical studies. We assessed the safety and efficacy of ebselen for the prevention of noise-induced hearing loss in young adults in a phase 2 clinical trial...
July 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618361/diffusion-tensor-mri-tractography-reveals-increased-fractional-anisotropy-fa-in-arcuate-fasciculus-following-music-cued-motor-training
#7
Emma Moore, Rebecca S Schaefer, Mark E Bastin, Neil Roberts, Katie Overy
Auditory cues are frequently used to support movement learning and rehabilitation, but the neural basis of this behavioural effect is not yet clear. We investigated the microstructural neuroplasticity effects of adding musical cues to a motor learning task. We hypothesised that music-cued, left-handed motor training would increase fractional anisotropy (FA) in the contralateral arcuate fasciculus, a fibre tract connecting auditory, pre-motor and motor regions. Thirty right-handed participants were assigned to a motor learning condition either with (Music Group) or without (Control Group) musical cues...
August 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553702/music-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-schizophrenia-like-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Monika Geretsegger, Karin A Mössler, Łucja Bieleninik, Xi-Jing Chen, Tor Olav Heldal, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Music therapy is a therapeutic approach that uses musical interaction as a means of communication and expression. Within the area of serious mental disorders, the aim of the therapy is to help people improve their emotional and relational competencies, and address issues they may not be able to using words alone. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of music therapy, or music therapy added to standard care, compared with placebo therapy, standard care or no treatment for people with serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia...
May 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497396/progressive-muscle-relaxation-combined-with-chinese-medicine-five-element-music-on-depression-for-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Juan Liao, Yu Wu, Yang Zhao, Yuan-Chen Zhao, Xu Zhang, Nan Zhao, Chun-Ging Lee, Yu-Fei Yang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of progressive muscle relaxation training (PMRT) combined with fifive elements music therapy of Chinese medicine (CM) for improving anxiety and depression of cancer patients. METHODS: From June 2015 to March 2016, 60 cancer patients were included into the study. The patients were randomly assigned to a control group and a treatment group by envelope randomization, receiving PMRT and PMRT plus CM five elements music therapy, respectively, for 8 weeks...
May 11, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462986/music-based-therapeutic-interventions-for-people-with-dementia
#10
REVIEW
Jenny T van der Steen, Mirjam C van Soest-Poortvliet, Johannes C van der Wouden, Manon S Bruinsma, Rob Jpm Scholten, Annemiek C Vink
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a clinical syndrome with a number of different causes which is characterised by deterioration in cognitive, behavioural, social and emotional functions. Pharmacological interventions are available but have limited effect to treat many of the syndrome's features. Less research has been directed towards non-pharmacological treatments. In this review, we examined the evidence for effects of music-based interventions as a treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of music-based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia on emotional well-being including quality of life, mood disturbance or negative affect, behavioural problems, social behaviour, and cognition at the end of therapy and four or more weeks after the end of treatment...
May 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458705/effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-on-reducing-fatigue-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
REVIEW
Hedayat Jafari, Yadollah Jannati, Hassan Mahmoodi Nesheli, Somayeh Hassanpour
Fatigue is one of the main complaints of patients undergoing allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Since nonpharmacological interventions are cost-effective and causes fewer complications, this study aimed to review the studies performed on the effects of nonpharmacological interventions on fatigue in patients undergoing HSCT during September 2016. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scientific Information Database, IranMedex, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Magiran, and IRANDOC databases were searched using Persian and English keywords...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447622/modern-clinical-research-on-lsd
#12
REVIEW
Matthias E Liechti
All modern clinical studies using the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in healthy subjects or patients in the last 25 years are reviewed herein. There were five recent studies in healthy participants and one in patients. In a controlled setting, LSD acutely induced bliss, audiovisual synesthesia, altered meaning of perceptions, derealization, depersonalization, and mystical experiences. These subjective effects of LSD were mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor. LSD increased feelings of closeness to others, openness, trust, and suggestibility...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441170/provision-of-arts-therapies-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#13
Patricia Fenner, Radwa S Abdelazim, Iris Bräuninger, Gitta Strehlow, Kathrin Seifert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arts therapies are still inadequately regulated throughout the world despite a 100-year-long tradition, a vast number of academically trained therapists and importance in treating psychiatric patients. It is essential that more evidence-based studies are undertaken. RECENT FINDINGS: Current international guidelines focus on the efficacy and effectiveness of arts therapies. New international evidence-based studies reporting clear-cut therapeutic effects of art therapy, music therapy and dance movement therapy are described here, with a focus on developments in Australia, Egypt and the United States...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421017/review-on-neural-correlates-of-emotion-regulation-and-music-implications-for-emotion-dysregulation
#14
REVIEW
Jiancheng Hou, Bei Song, Andrew C N Chen, Changan Sun, Jiaxian Zhou, Haidong Zhu, Theodore P Beauchaine
Previous studies have examined the neural correlates of emotion regulation and the neural changes that are evoked by music exposure. However, the link between music and emotion regulation is poorly understood. The objectives of this review are to (1) synthesize what is known about the neural correlates of emotion regulation and music-evoked emotions, and (2) consider the possibility of therapeutic effects of music on emotion dysregulation. Music-evoked emotions can modulate activities in both cortical and subcortical systems, and across cortical-subcortical networks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355317/control-of-anxiety-through-music-in-a-head-and-neckoutpatient-clinic-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Mariana Alves Firmeza, Andrea Bezerra Rodrigues, Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Maria Isis Freire de Aguiar, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Patrícia Peres de Oliveira, Alex Sandro de Moura Grangeiro
OBJECTIVE Evaluating the effectiveness of a musical intervention in reducing anxiety and vital parameters in people suffering from head and neck cancer. METHOD A randomized controlled clinical trial, performed in a head and neck outpatient clinic with 40 participants, subdivided into two groups (intervention and control).The classicalmusic"Spring" from The Four Seasons by Vivaldi was used as an intervention.The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used as the data collectioninstrument,along with an inventory of socio-demographic and clinical data...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#16
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#17
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103714/gaze-contingent-music-reward-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amit Lazarov, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
OBJECTIVE: Patients with social anxiety disorder exhibit increased attentional dwelling on social threats, providing a viable target for therapeutics. This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a novel gaze-contingent music reward therapy for social anxiety disorder designed to reduce attention dwelling on threats. METHOD: Forty patients with social anxiety disorder were randomly assigned to eight sessions of either gaze-contingent music reward therapy, designed to divert patients' gaze toward neutral stimuli rather than threat stimuli, or to a control condition...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094427/minimalism-in-art-medical-science-and-neurosurgery
#19
Ali İhsan Ökten
The word ''minimalism'' is a word derived from French the word ''minimum''. Whereas the lexical meaning of minimum is ''the least or the smallest quantity necessary for something'', its expression in mathematics can be described as ''the lowest step a variable number can descend, least, minimal''. Minimalism, which advocates an extreme simplicity of the artistic form, is a current in modern art and music whose origins go to 1960s and which features simplicity and objectivity. Although art, science and philosophy are different disciplines, they support each other from time to time, sometimes they intertwine and sometimes they copy each other...
December 21, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012594/senses-make-sense-an-individualized-multisensory-stimulation-for-dementia
#20
Yuanwu Cui, Minxue Shen, Yan Ma, Shi Wu Wen
Nonpharmacologic interventions have been recommended as first-line treatments for dementia, and multisensory stimulation environment has been used as a non-pharmacological treatment to dementia patients in the last decade. However, the clinical effect of multisensory stimulation environment remains temporary and uncertain. Individualized medicine has been suggested to hold great promise in medicine, and it should be equally important for dementia. Reminiscence integrating individual experiences into therapeutic schemes has shown potential in the field of improving cognitive functions and depressive symptoms for dementia patients, and interactive music also demonstrated a positive outcome by using individualized music for the hearing aspect...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
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