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Therapeutic effect of music

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716314/safety-and-efficacy-of-ebselen-for-the-prevention-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#1
Jonathan Kil, Edward Lobarinas, Christopher Spankovich, Scott K Griffiths, Patrick J Antonelli, Eric D Lynch, Colleen G Le Prell
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading cause of occupational and recreational injury and disease, and a major determinant of age-related hearing loss. No therapeutic agent has been approved for the prevention or treatment of this disorder. In animal models, glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) activity is reduced after acute noise exposure. Ebselen, a novel GPx1 mimic, has been shown to reduce both temporary and permanent noise-induced hearing loss in preclinical studies. We assessed the safety and efficacy of ebselen for the prevention of noise-induced hearing loss in young adults in a phase 2 clinical trial...
July 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618361/diffusion-tensor-mri-tractography-reveals-increased-fractional-anisotropy-fa-in-arcuate-fasciculus-following-music-cued-motor-training
#2
Emma Moore, Rebecca S Schaefer, Mark E Bastin, Neil Roberts, Katie Overy
Auditory cues are frequently used to support movement learning and rehabilitation, but the neural basis of this behavioural effect is not yet clear. We investigated the microstructural neuroplasticity effects of adding musical cues to a motor learning task. We hypothesised that music-cued, left-handed motor training would increase fractional anisotropy (FA) in the contralateral arcuate fasciculus, a fibre tract connecting auditory, pre-motor and motor regions. Thirty right-handed participants were assigned to a motor learning condition either with (Music Group) or without (Control Group) musical cues...
August 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553702/music-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-schizophrenia-like-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Monika Geretsegger, Karin A Mössler, Łucja Bieleninik, Xi-Jing Chen, Tor Olav Heldal, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Music therapy is a therapeutic approach that uses musical interaction as a means of communication and expression. Within the area of serious mental disorders, the aim of the therapy is to help people improve their emotional and relational competencies, and address issues they may not be able to using words alone. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of music therapy, or music therapy added to standard care, compared with placebo therapy, standard care or no treatment for people with serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia...
May 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497396/progressive-muscle-relaxation-combined-with-chinese-medicine-five-element-music-on-depression-for-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Juan Liao, Yu Wu, Yang Zhao, Yuan-Chen Zhao, Xu Zhang, Nan Zhao, Chun-Ging Lee, Yu-Fei Yang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of progressive muscle relaxation training (PMRT) combined with fifive elements music therapy of Chinese medicine (CM) for improving anxiety and depression of cancer patients. METHODS: From June 2015 to March 2016, 60 cancer patients were included into the study. The patients were randomly assigned to a control group and a treatment group by envelope randomization, receiving PMRT and PMRT plus CM five elements music therapy, respectively, for 8 weeks...
May 11, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462986/music-based-therapeutic-interventions-for-people-with-dementia
#5
REVIEW
Jenny T van der Steen, Mirjam C van Soest-Poortvliet, Johannes C van der Wouden, Manon S Bruinsma, Rob Jpm Scholten, Annemiek C Vink
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a clinical syndrome with a number of different causes which is characterised by deterioration in cognitive, behavioural, social and emotional functions. Pharmacological interventions are available but have limited effect to treat many of the syndrome's features. Less research has been directed towards non-pharmacological treatments. In this review, we examined the evidence for effects of music-based interventions as a treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of music-based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia on emotional well-being including quality of life, mood disturbance or negative affect, behavioural problems, social behaviour, and cognition at the end of therapy and four or more weeks after the end of treatment...
May 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458705/effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-on-reducing-fatigue-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Hedayat Jafari, Yadollah Jannati, Hassan Mahmoodi Nesheli, Somayeh Hassanpour
Fatigue is one of the main complaints of patients undergoing allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Since nonpharmacological interventions are cost-effective and causes fewer complications, this study aimed to review the studies performed on the effects of nonpharmacological interventions on fatigue in patients undergoing HSCT during September 2016. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scientific Information Database, IranMedex, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Magiran, and IRANDOC databases were searched using Persian and English keywords...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447622/modern-clinical-research-on-lsd
#7
REVIEW
Matthias E Liechti
All modern clinical studies using the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in healthy subjects or patients in the last 25 years are reviewed herein. There were five recent studies in healthy participants and one in patients. In a controlled setting, LSD acutely induced bliss, audiovisual synesthesia, altered meaning of perceptions, derealization, depersonalization, and mystical experiences. These subjective effects of LSD were mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor. LSD increased feelings of closeness to others, openness, trust, and suggestibility...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441170/provision-of-arts-therapies-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#8
Patricia Fenner, Radwa S Abdelazim, Iris Bräuninger, Gitta Strehlow, Kathrin Seifert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arts therapies are still inadequately regulated throughout the world despite a 100-year-long tradition, a vast number of academically trained therapists and importance in treating psychiatric patients. It is essential that more evidence-based studies are undertaken. RECENT FINDINGS: Current international guidelines focus on the efficacy and effectiveness of arts therapies. New international evidence-based studies reporting clear-cut therapeutic effects of art therapy, music therapy and dance movement therapy are described here, with a focus on developments in Australia, Egypt and the United States...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421017/review-on-neural-correlates-of-emotion-regulation-and-music-implications-for-emotion-dysregulation
#9
REVIEW
Jiancheng Hou, Bei Song, Andrew C N Chen, Changan Sun, Jiaxian Zhou, Haidong Zhu, Theodore P Beauchaine
Previous studies have examined the neural correlates of emotion regulation and the neural changes that are evoked by music exposure. However, the link between music and emotion regulation is poorly understood. The objectives of this review are to (1) synthesize what is known about the neural correlates of emotion regulation and music-evoked emotions, and (2) consider the possibility of therapeutic effects of music on emotion dysregulation. Music-evoked emotions can modulate activities in both cortical and subcortical systems, and across cortical-subcortical networks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355317/control-of-anxiety-through-music-in-a-head-and-neckoutpatient-clinic-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Mariana Alves Firmeza, Andrea Bezerra Rodrigues, Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Maria Isis Freire de Aguiar, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Patrícia Peres de Oliveira, Alex Sandro de Moura Grangeiro
OBJECTIVE Evaluating the effectiveness of a musical intervention in reducing anxiety and vital parameters in people suffering from head and neck cancer. METHOD A randomized controlled clinical trial, performed in a head and neck outpatient clinic with 40 participants, subdivided into two groups (intervention and control).The classicalmusic"Spring" from The Four Seasons by Vivaldi was used as an intervention.The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used as the data collectioninstrument,along with an inventory of socio-demographic and clinical data...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#11
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#12
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103714/gaze-contingent-music-reward-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amit Lazarov, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
OBJECTIVE: Patients with social anxiety disorder exhibit increased attentional dwelling on social threats, providing a viable target for therapeutics. This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a novel gaze-contingent music reward therapy for social anxiety disorder designed to reduce attention dwelling on threats. METHOD: Forty patients with social anxiety disorder were randomly assigned to eight sessions of either gaze-contingent music reward therapy, designed to divert patients' gaze toward neutral stimuli rather than threat stimuli, or to a control condition...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094427/minimalism-in-art-medical-science-and-neurosurgery
#14
Ali İhsan Ökten
The word ''minimalism'' is a word derived from French the word ''minimum''. Whereas the lexical meaning of minimum is ''the least or the smallest quantity necessary for something'', its expression in mathematics can be described as ''the lowest step a variable number can descend, least, minimal''. Minimalism, which advocates an extreme simplicity of the artistic form, is a current in modern art and music whose origins go to 1960s and which features simplicity and objectivity. Although art, science and philosophy are different disciplines, they support each other from time to time, sometimes they intertwine and sometimes they copy each other...
December 21, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012594/senses-make-sense-an-individualized-multisensory-stimulation-for-dementia
#15
Yuanwu Cui, Minxue Shen, Yan Ma, Shi Wu Wen
Nonpharmacologic interventions have been recommended as first-line treatments for dementia, and multisensory stimulation environment has been used as a non-pharmacological treatment to dementia patients in the last decade. However, the clinical effect of multisensory stimulation environment remains temporary and uncertain. Individualized medicine has been suggested to hold great promise in medicine, and it should be equally important for dementia. Reminiscence integrating individual experiences into therapeutic schemes has shown potential in the field of improving cognitive functions and depressive symptoms for dementia patients, and interactive music also demonstrated a positive outcome by using individualized music for the hearing aspect...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995315/a-multidisciplinary-systematic-review-of-the-treatment-for-chronic-idiopathic-tinnitus
#16
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Zenner, Wolfgang Delb, Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Burkhard Jäger, Ingrid Peroz, Gerhard Hesse, Birgit Mazurek, Gerhard Goebel, Christian Gerloff, Regina Trollmann, Eberhard Biesinger, Harald Seidler, Berthold Langguth
The majority of tinnitus patients are affected by chronic idiopathic tinnitus, and almost 60 different treatment modalities have been reported. The present study is a multidisciplinary systematic analysis of the evidence for the different forms of treatment for chronic tinnitus. The results are used to form the basis of an S3 guideline. A systematic search was carried out in PubMed and the Cochrane Library. The basis for presenting the level of evidence was the evidence classification of the Oxford Centre of Evidence-based Medicine...
May 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976662/respiratory-function-in-vocal-soloists-opera-singers-and-wind-instrument-musicians
#17
Helen Ksinopoulou, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Helen Karetsi
INTRODUCTION: Current studies have not yet reached a definitive conclusion on the effects of singing and playing wind instruments professionally on an individual's respiratory function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the respiratory function of wind instrument players and opera singers in comparison with a group of healthy individuals. METHODS: The experimental group comprised 45 men and 35 women, 58 opera singers and vocal soloists in total and 22 wind instruments players...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975358/-music-in-health-promotion-and-therapeutic-practice-cultural-theoretical-and-clinical-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Wolfgang Mastnak
Music can serve as a shelter and music therapy can provide spaces for symbolic experience and the modification of behavioural and cognitive patterns. Explaining the power of music, ancient theories speak of an analogy between music and man. Similar views are also found in modern music therapy such as Sound Work, a voice-body-based model. Complementary to the aspect of analogy, the principle of transformation is of vital importance, such as the transitions between the five elements, the solid organs and the pentatonic scale in Chinese music therapy, for instance...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941132/health-outcomes-of-a-series-of-bonny-method-of-guided-imagery-and-music-sessions-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Cathy H McKinney, Timothy J Honig
Background: The Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (GIM) is a music-centered approach to exploring consciousness for personal growth and transformation. Applications have been reported in a variety of clinical and nonclinical contexts. Objective: The purpose of this study was to review evidence that a series of Bonny Method of GIM sessions may promote positive health outcomes in adults. Methods: This systematic review examined randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials and repeated measures designs that reported psychological or physiological outcomes following a series of at least six individual Bonny Method of GIM sessions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772537/music-therapy-for-palliative-care-a-realist-review
#20
Tracey McConnell, Sam Porter
OBJECTIVE: Music therapy has experienced a rising demand as an adjunct therapy for symptom management among palliative care patients. We conducted a realist review of the literature to develop a greater understanding of how music therapy might benefit palliative care patients and the contextual mechanisms that promote or inhibit its successful implementation. METHOD: We searched electronic databases (CINAHL, Embase, Medline, and PsychINFO) for literature containing information on music therapy for palliative care...
October 24, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
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