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Therapeutic effect of music

Tracey McConnell, Sam Porter
OBJECTIVE: Music therapy has experienced a rising demand as an adjunct therapy for symptom management among palliative care patients. We conducted a realist review of the literature to develop a greater understanding of how music therapy might benefit palliative care patients and the contextual mechanisms that promote or inhibit its successful implementation. METHOD: We searched electronic databases (CINAHL, Embase, Medline, and PsychINFO) for literature containing information on music therapy for palliative care...
October 24, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Gemma V Espí-López, Marta Inglés, María-Arántzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, Noemí Moreno-Segura
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia is a pathological entity characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and the presence of "tender points". It constitutes a significant health problem because of its prevalence and economic impact. The aim of the present study was to determine the therapeutic benefits of low impact aerobic exercise alone or in combination with music therapy in patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled pilot trial was performed...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Xiaoying Zhang, Songhuai Liu, Degang Yang, Liangjie Du, Ziyuan Wang
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of therapeutic keyboard music playing on the finger function of subjects' hands through measurements of the joint position error test, surface electromyography, probe reaction time, and writing time. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects were divided randomly into experimental and control groups. The experimental group used therapeutic keyboard music playing and the control group used grip training. All subjects were assessed and evaluated by the joint position error test, surface electromyography, probe reaction time, and writing time...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hong-Rui Zhan, Zhong-Si Hong, Yi-Shen Chen, Hai-Yu Hong, Ze-Bin Weng, Zhang-Bin Yang, Jing-Li Shi, Zhong-Ben Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study a non-drug therapy for hypertension disease by combining percutaneous laser and electric pulse stimulation to acupoint with music, and to test the efficiency of the combining treatment to grade 1 essential hypertension. METHODS: A total of 174 patients with grade 1 essential hypertension were randomly assigned to 3 groups with a random number table after Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome differentiation: the photoelectric and musical treatment group (Group 1, with a self-developed multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus), acupuncture group (Group 2), and oral placebo group (Group 3), 58 cases per group...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Jaclyn Bradley Palmer, Deforia Lane, Diane Mayo
Collaboration between perioperative nurses and music therapists can be beneficial in providing a safe, cost-effective means of managing patients' anxiety and pain and reducing the need for pharmacologic intervention in the perioperative setting. The use of a board-certified music therapist may help to improve patient outcomes, ease nurse workload, and serve as an adjunct therapeutic modality that is enjoyable for both patients and staff members. We conducted a two-year, randomized controlled trial to determine how to best implement a music therapy program, navigate its challenges, and collaborate with nurse colleagues to bring its benefits to surgical patients...
September 2016: AORN Journal
Sung-Min Lee, Bo-Kyun Kim, Tae-Woon Kim, Eun-Sang Ji, Hyun-Hee Choi
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder and this disorder shows impairment in reciprocal social interactions, deficits in communication, and restrictive and repetitive patterns of behaviors and interests. The effect of music on short-term memory in the view of cell proliferation in the hippocampus was evaluated using valproic acid-induced autistic rat pups. Animal model of autism was made by subcutaneous injection of 400-mg/kg valproic acid into the rat pups on the postnatal day 14. The rat pups in the music-applied groups were exposed to the 65-dB comfortable classic music for 1 hr once a day, starting postnatal day 15 and continued until postnatal day 28...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Ahmed Muzhir Hussein, Ghazwan Shaaya, Rohit Arora, Ali Al-Khazaali, Khalid Al-Khafaji, Hanan K Helu
Aortic stiffness (AS) is an important predictor of cardiovascular morbidity in humans. The present review discusses the possible pathophysiological mechanisms of AS and focuses on a survey of different therapeutic modalities for decreasing AS. The influence of several nonpharmacological interventions is described: decrease body weight, diet, aerobic exercise training, music, and continuous positive airway pressure therapy. The effects of different pharmacological drug classes on AS are also discussed: antihypertensive drugs-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system drugs, beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, diuretics, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs)-advanced glycation end product cross-link breakers, statins, oral anti-diabetics, anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamin D, antioxidant vitamins, and endothelin-1 receptor antagonists...
July 12, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Alexander Pantelyat, Candace Syres, Suzanne Reichwein, Allison Willis
BACKGROUND: Physical therapy can improve motor function in patients with PD. Music performance may be used to improve motor skills by rhythmic entrainment. Drumming has long been a part of traditional healing rituals worldwide, and is increasingly being utilized as a therapeutic strategy. METHODS: This pilot controlled prospective cohort trial assessed feasibility and effects of twice-weekly group West African drum circle classes for 6 weeks on PD patients' quality of life, symptoms, motor findings, cognition, and mood...
May 2016: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Penchaya Atiwannapat, Papan Thaipisuttikul, Patchawan Poopityastaporn, Wanwisa Katekaew
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of 1) active group music therapy and 2) receptive group music therapy to group counseling in treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). DESIGN & SETTING: On top of standard care, 14 MDD outpatients were randomly assigned to receive 1) active group music therapy (n=5), 2) receptive group music therapy (n=5), or 3) group counseling (n=4). There were 12 one-hour weekly group sessions in each arm. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were assessed at baseline, 1 month (after 4 sessions), 3 months (end of interventions), and 6 months...
June 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Stephanie Bognar, Anne Marie DeFaria, Casey O'Dwyer, Elana Pankiw, Jennifer Simic Bogler, Suzanne Teixeira, Joyce Nyhof-Young, Cathy Evans
PURPOSE: To understand why individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) participate in a community-based therapeutic dance program and to explore its influence on perceived physical, social and emotional well-being of participants. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was employed using one-on-one semi-structured interviews. Individuals with PD who participated in the Dancing with Parkinson's program were recruited from two locations. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, de-identified and then placed into NVivo 10 software for analysis...
May 23, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Pia Preissler, Sarah Kordovan, Anneke Ullrich, Carsten Bokemeyer, Karin Oechsle
BACKGROUND: Research has shown positive effects of music therapy on the physical and mental well-being of terminally ill patients. This study aimed to identify favored subjects and psychosocial needs of terminally ill cancer patients during music therapy and associated factors. METHODS: Forty-one Patients receiving specialized inpatient palliative care prospectively performed a music therapy intervention consisting of at least two sessions (total number of sessions: 166; per patient average: 4, range, 2-10)...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
A Navidian, N Muolai, E Ebrahimi Tabs, S Solaymani
OBJECTIVE: It is important to minimize patient discomfort during invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as bronchoscopy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of audiovisual distraction on the tolerability of flexible bronchoscopy (FB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial on patients undergoing FB at a hospital in Zahedan, Iran, in 2015. The patients were equally and randomly divided into a control group and an experimental group...
April 26, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Marco Warth, Jens Kessler, Thomas K Hillecke, Hubert J Bardenheuer
CONTEXT: Relaxation interventions are frequently used to promote symptom relief in palliative care settings, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. OBJECTIVES: The present analysis aimed at examining the psychophysiological pathways of terminally ill patients' cardiovascular response to a live music therapy vs. prerecorded mindfulness exercise. METHODS: Eighty-four patients of a palliative care unit were randomly assigned to either of the two interventions...
August 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Mendel Kaelen, Leor Roseman, Joshua Kahan, Andre Santos-Ribeiro, Csaba Orban, Romy Lorenz, Frederick S Barrett, Mark Bolstridge, Tim Williams, Luke Williams, Matthew B Wall, Amanda Feilding, Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, David J Nutt, Robin Carhart-Harris
Psychedelic drugs such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) were used extensively in psychiatry in the past and their therapeutic potential is beginning to be re-examined today. Psychedelic psychotherapy typically involves a patient lying with their eyes-closed during peak drug effects, while listening to music and being supervised by trained psychotherapists. In this context, music is considered to be a key element in the therapeutic model; working in synergy with the drug to evoke therapeutically meaningful thoughts, emotions and imagery...
July 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Imogen C Rehm, Selma Musić, Anthony Carlsson, Faye Scanlan, Mark Silver, Sunil S Bhar
In anticipation of the growing need for adequate mental health care for older adults in residential aged care facilities, psychologists are challenged to overcome several barriers that impede the uptake and delivery of their services in such settings. Information and communication technologies (ICT) have strong potential to overcome some of these barriers by supporting the delivery of evidence-based psychosocial treatments for common psychogeriatric issues. This paper presents two case studies that illustrate when and how psychologists can use various ICT applications (e...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Charlene Supnet, April Crow, Sonja Stutzman, DaiWai Olson
Nurses caring for patients with acute stroke are likely to administer both music and medication with therapeutic intent. The administration of medication is based on accumulated scientific evidence and tailored to the needs of each patient. However, the therapeutic use of music is generally based on good intentions and anecdotal evidence. This review summarizes and examines the current literature regarding the effectiveness of music in the treatment of critically ill patients and the use of music in neurologically injured patients...
April 2016: Critical Care Nurse
João Silvestre Silva-Junior
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress which may lead to serious mental and physical health problems. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of work and person-directed interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers. METHODS: HASH(0x38e1b78) SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Depression Anxiety and Neurosis Group trials Specialised Register, MEDLINE, PsychInfo and Cochrane Occupational Health Field database...
January 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Melanie Elliott, Paula Gardner
The number of people around the world living with dementia is predicted to rise from 44 million to 135 million by 2050. Traditional treatments for dementia have been largely unsuccessful and prompted the emergence of alternative strategies. Music is emerging as an effective therapeutic strategy for older adults with dementia however, most of the work to date has focused on institutions. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize what is known about the role and impact that music plays in the lives of community-dwelling older adults with dementia...
March 18, 2016: Dementia
Daisy Fancourt, Rosie Perkins, Sara Ascenso, Livia A Carvalho, Andrew Steptoe, Aaron Williamon
UNLABELLED: Growing numbers of mental health organizations are developing community music-making interventions for service users; however, to date there has been little research into their efficacy or mechanisms of effect. This study was an exploratory examination of whether 10 weeks of group drumming could improve depression, anxiety and social resilience among service users compared with a non-music control group (with participants allocated to group by geographical location.) Significant improvements were found in the drumming group but not the control group: by week 6 there were decreases in depression (-2...
2016: PloS One
José Carlos Millán-Calenti, Laura Lorenzo-López, Begoña Alonso-Búa, Carmen de Labra, Isabel González-Abraldes, Ana Maseda
Many patients with Alzheimer's disease will develop agitation at later stages of the disease, which constitutes one of the most challenging and distressing aspects of dementia. Recently, nonpharmacological therapies have become increasingly popular and have been proven to be effective in managing the behavioral symptoms (including agitation) that are common in the middle or later stages of dementia. These therapies seem to be a good alternative to pharmacological treatment to avoid unpleasant side effects. We present a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on the nonpharmacological management of agitation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients aged 65 years and above...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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