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Therapeutic effect of music

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#1
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103714/gaze-contingent-music-reward-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Amit Lazarov, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
OBJECTIVE: Patients with social anxiety disorder exhibit increased attentional dwelling on social threats, providing a viable target for therapeutics. This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a novel gaze-contingent music reward therapy for social anxiety disorder designed to reduce attention dwelling on threats. METHOD: Forty patients with social anxiety disorder were randomly assigned to eight sessions of either gaze-contingent music reward therapy, designed to divert patients' gaze toward neutral stimuli rather than threat stimuli, or to a control condition...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094427/minimalism-in-art-medical-science-and-neurosurgery
#3
Ali İhsan Ökten
The word ''minimalism'' is a word derived from French the word ''minimum''. Whereas the lexical meaning of minimum is ''the least or the smallest quantity necessary for something'', its expression in mathematics can be described as ''the lowest step a variable number can descend, least, minimal''. Minimalism, which advocates an extreme simplicity of the artistic form, is a current in modern art and music whose origins go to 1960s and which features simplicity and objectivity. Although art, science and philosophy are different disciplines, they support each other from time to time, sometimes they intertwine and sometimes they copy each other...
December 21, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012594/senses-make-sense-an-individualized-multisensory-stimulation-for-dementia
#4
Yuanwu Cui, Minxue Shen, Yan Ma, Shi Wu Wen
Nonpharmacologic interventions have been recommended as first-line treatments for dementia, and multisensory stimulation environment has been used as a non-pharmacological treatment to dementia patients in the last decade. However, the clinical effect of multisensory stimulation environment remains temporary and uncertain. Individualized medicine has been suggested to hold great promise in medicine, and it should be equally important for dementia. Reminiscence integrating individual experiences into therapeutic schemes has shown potential in the field of improving cognitive functions and depressive symptoms for dementia patients, and interactive music also demonstrated a positive outcome by using individualized music for the hearing aspect...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995315/a-multidisciplinary-systematic-review-of-the-treatment-for-chronic-idiopathic-tinnitus
#5
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Zenner, Wolfgang Delb, Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Burkhard Jäger, Ingrid Peroz, Gerhard Hesse, Birgit Mazurek, Gerhard Goebel, Christian Gerloff, Regina Trollmann, Eberhard Biesinger, Harald Seidler, Berthold Langguth
The majority of tinnitus patients are affected by chronic idiopathic tinnitus, and almost 60 different treatment modalities have been reported. The present study is a multidisciplinary systematic analysis of the evidence for the different forms of treatment for chronic tinnitus. The results are used to form the basis of an S3 guideline. A systematic search was carried out in PubMed and the Cochrane Library. The basis for presenting the level of evidence was the evidence classification of the Oxford Centre of Evidence-based Medicine...
December 19, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976662/respiratory-function-in-vocal-soloists-opera-singers-and-wind-instrument-musicians
#6
Helen Ksinopoulou, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Helen Karetsi
INTRODUCTION: Current studies have not yet reached a definitive conclusion on the effects of singing and playing wind instruments professionally on an individual's respiratory function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the respiratory function of wind instrument players and opera singers in comparison with a group of healthy individuals. METHODS: The experimental group comprised 45 men and 35 women, 58 opera singers and vocal soloists in total and 22 wind instruments players...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975358/-music-in-health-promotion-and-therapeutic-practice-cultural-theoretical-and-clinical-perspectives
#7
Wolfgang Mastnak
Music can serve as a shelter and music therapy can provide spaces for symbolic experience and the modification of behavioural and cognitive patterns. Explaining the power of music, ancient theories speak of an analogy between music and man. Similar views are also found in modern music therapy such as Sound Work, a voice-body-based model. Complementary to the aspect of analogy, the principle of transformation is of vital importance, such as the transitions between the five elements, the solid organs and the pentatonic scale in Chinese music therapy, for instance...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941132/health-outcomes-of-a-series-of-bonny-method-of-guided-imagery-and-music-sessions-a-systematic-review
#8
Cathy H McKinney, Timothy J Honig
BACKGROUND: The Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (GIM) is a music-centered approach to exploring consciousness for personal growth and transformation. Applications have been reported in a variety of clinical and nonclinical contexts. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review evidence that a series of Bonny Method of GIM sessions may promote positive health outcomes in adults. METHODS: This systematic review examined randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials and repeated measures designs that reported psychological or physiological outcomes following a series of at least six individual Bonny Method of GIM sessions...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772537/music-therapy-for-palliative-care-a-realist-review
#9
Tracey McConnell, Sam Porter
OBJECTIVE: Music therapy has experienced a rising demand as an adjunct therapy for symptom management among palliative care patients. We conducted a realist review of the literature to develop a greater understanding of how music therapy might benefit palliative care patients and the contextual mechanisms that promote or inhibit its successful implementation. METHOD: We searched electronic databases (CINAHL, Embase, Medline, and PsychINFO) for literature containing information on music therapy for palliative care...
October 24, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670863/effect-of-low-impact-aerobic-exercise-combined-with-music-therapy-on-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-study
#10
Gemma V Espí-López, Marta Inglés, María-Arántzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, Noemí Moreno-Segura
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia is a pathological entity characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and the presence of "tender points". It constitutes a significant health problem because of its prevalence and economic impact. The aim of the present study was to determine the therapeutic benefits of low impact aerobic exercise alone or in combination with music therapy in patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled pilot trial was performed...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630419/the-immediate-effects-of-therapeutic-keyboard-music-playing-for-finger-training-in-adults-undergoing-hand-rehabilitation
#11
Xiaoying Zhang, Songhuai Liu, Degang Yang, Liangjie Du, Ziyuan Wang
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of therapeutic keyboard music playing on the finger function of subjects' hands through measurements of the joint position error test, surface electromyography, probe reaction time, and writing time. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects were divided randomly into experimental and control groups. The experimental group used therapeutic keyboard music playing and the control group used grip training. All subjects were assessed and evaluated by the joint position error test, surface electromyography, probe reaction time, and writing time...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614452/non-invasive-treatment-to-grade-1-essential-hypertension-by-percutaneous-laser-and-electric-pulse-to-acupoint-with-music-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hong-Rui Zhan, Zhong-Si Hong, Yi-Shen Chen, Hai-Yu Hong, Ze-Bin Weng, Zhang-Bin Yang, Jing-Li Shi, Zhong-Ben Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study a non-drug therapy for hypertension disease by combining percutaneous laser and electric pulse stimulation to acupoint with music, and to test the efficiency of the combining treatment to grade 1 essential hypertension. METHODS: A total of 174 patients with grade 1 essential hypertension were randomly assigned to 3 groups with a random number table after Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome differentiation: the photoelectric and musical treatment group (Group 1, with a self-developed multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus), acupuncture group (Group 2), and oral placebo group (Group 3), 58 cases per group...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568531/collaborating-with-music-therapists-to-improve-patient-care
#13
Jaclyn Bradley Palmer, Deforia Lane, Diane Mayo
Collaboration between perioperative nurses and music therapists can be beneficial in providing a safe, cost-effective means of managing patients' anxiety and pain and reducing the need for pharmacologic intervention in the perioperative setting. The use of a board-certified music therapist may help to improve patient outcomes, ease nurse workload, and serve as an adjunct therapeutic modality that is enjoyable for both patients and staff members. We conducted a two-year, randomized controlled trial to determine how to best implement a music therapy program, navigate its challenges, and collaborate with nurse colleagues to bring its benefits to surgical patients...
September 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419108/music-application-alleviates-short-term-memory-impairments-through-increasing-cell-proliferation-in-the-hippocampus-of-valproic-acid-induced-autistic-rat-pups
#14
Sung-Min Lee, Bo-Kyun Kim, Tae-Woon Kim, Eun-Sang Ji, Hyun-Hee Choi
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder and this disorder shows impairment in reciprocal social interactions, deficits in communication, and restrictive and repetitive patterns of behaviors and interests. The effect of music on short-term memory in the view of cell proliferation in the hippocampus was evaluated using valproic acid-induced autistic rat pups. Animal model of autism was made by subcutaneous injection of 400-mg/kg valproic acid into the rat pups on the postnatal day 14. The rat pups in the music-applied groups were exposed to the 65-dB comfortable classic music for 1 hr once a day, starting postnatal day 15 and continued until postnatal day 28...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415977/therapeutic-modulation-of-aortic-stiffness
#15
REVIEW
Ahmed Muzhir Hussein, Ghazwan Shaaya, Rohit Arora, Ali Al-Khazaali, Khalid Al-Khafaji, Hanan K Helu
Aortic stiffness (AS) is an important predictor of cardiovascular morbidity in humans. The present review discusses the possible pathophysiological mechanisms of AS and focuses on a survey of different therapeutic modalities for decreasing AS. The influence of several nonpharmacological interventions is described: decrease body weight, diet, aerobic exercise training, music, and continuous positive airway pressure therapy. The effects of different pharmacological drug classes on AS are also discussed: antihypertensive drugs-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system drugs, beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, diuretics, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs)-advanced glycation end product cross-link breakers, statins, oral anti-diabetics, anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamin D, antioxidant vitamins, and endothelin-1 receptor antagonists...
November 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340683/drum-pd-the-use-of-a-drum-circle-to-improve-the-symptoms-and-signs-of-parkinson-s-disease-pd
#16
Alexander Pantelyat, Candace Syres, Suzanne Reichwein, Allison Willis
BACKGROUND: Physical therapy can improve motor function in patients with PD. Music performance may be used to improve motor skills by rhythmic entrainment. Drumming has long been a part of traditional healing rituals worldwide, and is increasingly being utilized as a therapeutic strategy. METHODS: This pilot controlled prospective cohort trial assessed feasibility and effects of twice-weekly group West African drum circle classes for 6 weeks on PD patients' quality of life, symptoms, motor findings, cognition, and mood...
May 2016: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261995/active-versus-receptive-group-music-therapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-pilot-study
#17
Penchaya Atiwannapat, Papan Thaipisuttikul, Patchawan Poopityastaporn, Wanwisa Katekaew
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of 1) active group music therapy and 2) receptive group music therapy to group counseling in treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). DESIGN & SETTING: On top of standard care, 14 MDD outpatients were randomly assigned to receive 1) active group music therapy (n=5), 2) receptive group music therapy (n=5), or 3) group counseling (n=4). There were 12 one-hour weekly group sessions in each arm. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were assessed at baseline, 1 month (after 4 sessions), 3 months (end of interventions), and 6 months...
June 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216230/more-than-just-dancing-experiences-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-a-therapeutic-dance-program
#18
Stephanie Bognar, Anne Marie DeFaria, Casey O'Dwyer, Elana Pankiw, Jennifer Simic Bogler, Suzanne Teixeira, Joyce Nyhof-Young, Cathy Evans
PURPOSE: To understand why individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) participate in a community-based therapeutic dance program and to explore its influence on perceived physical, social and emotional well-being of participants. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was employed using one-on-one semi-structured interviews. Individuals with PD who participated in the Dancing with Parkinson's program were recruited from two locations. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, de-identified and then placed into NVivo 10 software for analysis...
May 23, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176621/favored-subjects-and-psychosocial-needs-in-music-therapy-in-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-a-content-analysis
#19
Pia Preissler, Sarah Kordovan, Anneke Ullrich, Carsten Bokemeyer, Karin Oechsle
BACKGROUND: Research has shown positive effects of music therapy on the physical and mental well-being of terminally ill patients. This study aimed to identify favored subjects and psychosocial needs of terminally ill cancer patients during music therapy and associated factors. METHODS: Forty-one Patients receiving specialized inpatient palliative care prospectively performed a music therapy intervention consisting of at least two sessions (total number of sessions: 166; per patient average: 4, range, 2-10)...
May 12, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116084/the-effect-of-audiovisual-distraction-on-the-tolerability-of-flexible-bronchoscopy-a-randomized-trial
#20
A Navidian, N Muolai, E Ebrahimi Tabs, S Solaymani
OBJECTIVE: It is important to minimize patient discomfort during invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as bronchoscopy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of audiovisual distraction on the tolerability of flexible bronchoscopy (FB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial on patients undergoing FB at a hospital in Zahedan, Iran, in 2015. The patients were equally and randomly divided into a control group and an experimental group...
April 26, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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