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laboratory information management system

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756664/patient-blood-management-how-is-implementation-going-a-report-comparing-the-2015-survey-with-the-2013-survey-of-pbm-in-england
#1
L Sherliker, K Pendry, B Hockley
BACKGROUND: Patient blood management (PBM) is an evidence-based approach to optimising the care of patients who might need transfusion. In 2013, all NHS Trusts in England were surveyed about their readiness to implement PBM. National PBM recommendations were launched in 2014. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine progress of PBM initiatives. METHODS/MATERIALS: A survey was constructed by staff in hospitals and NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT)...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748925/attitudes-and-practices-of-chinese-physicians-regarding-chronic-kidney-disease-and-acute-kidney-injury-management-a-questionnaire-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-secondary-and-tertiary-hospitals
#2
Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Shixin Chen, Yani He, Huaban Liang, Wei Dong, Xinling Liang
OBJECTIVE: This questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey reported the attitudes and practices of Chinese doctors regarding chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) management. METHODS: An online questionnaire consisting of general information, awareness of CKD and AKI, education status, renal laboratory items, and clinical practices between February 20, 2017 and August 15, 2017. RESULTS: Among the 1289 respondents from secondary and tertiary hospitals in 30 provinces, 718 (55...
May 10, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742325/microscopic-colitis-a-population-based-case-series-over-a-nine-year-period-in-northern-ireland
#3
Michelle Moore, Helen G Coleman, Patrick B Allen, Maurice B Loughrey
AIM: We report clinicopathological experience of microscopic colitis in a population-based case series in Northern Ireland, over a nine year period. METHOD: The pathology laboratory information system within a large teaching centre serving two healthcare trusts was interrogated for cases coded between 2008 and 2016 as collagenous colitis (CC) or lymphocytic colitis (LC). Demographic, clinical and follow up information was collected from healthcare records. RESULTS: A total of 326 new diagnoses of MC were identified, an average annual incidence of 6...
May 9, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723168/malaria-surveillance-united-states-2015
#4
Kimberly E Mace, Paul M Arguin, Kathrine R Tan
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Malaria in humans is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to regions with ongoing malaria transmission. However, malaria is occasionally acquired by persons who have not traveled out of the country through exposure to infected blood products, congenital transmission, laboratory exposure, or local mosquitoborne transmission...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720176/six-year-time-trend-analysis-of-dyslipidemia-among-adults-in-newfoundland-and-labrador-findings-from-the-laboratory-information-system-between-2009-and-2014
#5
Pardis Pedram, Erfan Aref-Eshghi, Hensley H Mariathas, Oliver Hurley, Marshall Godwin, Pauline Duke, Masoud Mahdavian, Shabnam Asghari
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia, an increased level of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and decreased level of high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. We examined the six-year trend of dyslipidemia in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), a Canadian province with a historically high prevalence of dyslipidemia. METHODS: A serial cross-sectional study on all of the laboratory lipid tests available from 2009 to 2014 was performed...
May 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698836/system-for-informatics-in-the-molecular-pathology-laboratory-simpl-an-open-source-end-to-end-solution-for-next-generation-sequencing-clinical-data-management
#6
Wenjun Kang, Sabah Kadri, Rutika Puranik, Michelle N Wurst, Sushant A Patil, Ibro Mujacic, Sonia Benhamed, Nifang Niu, Chao Jie Zhen, Bekim Ameti, Bradley C Long, Filipo Galbo, David Montes, Crystal Iracheta, Venessa L Gamboa, Daisy Lopez, Michael Yourshaw, Carolyn A Lawrence, Dara L Aisner, Carrie Fitzpatrick, Megan E McNerney, Y Lynn Wang, Jorge Andrade, Samuel L Volchenboum, Larissa V Furtado, Lauren L Ritterhouse, Jeremy P Segal
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) diagnostic assays are increasingly becoming the standard of care in oncology practice. As the scale of an NGS laboratory grows, management of these assays requires organizing large amounts of information, including patient data, laboratory processes, genomic data, as well as variant interpretation and reporting. Although several Laboratory Information Systems (LIS) and/or Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) are commercially available, they may not meet all of the needs of a given laboratory, in addition to being frequently cost prohibitive...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692946/electronic-p-chip-based-system-for-identification-of-glass-slides-and-tissue-cassettes-in-histopathology-laboratories
#7
Wlodek Mandecki, Jay Qian, Katie Gedzberg, Maryanne Gruda, Efrain Frank Rodriguez, Leslie Nesbitt, Michael Riben
Background: The tagging system is based on a small, electronic, wireless, laser-light-activated microtransponder named "p-Chip." The p-Chip is a silicon integrated circuit, the size of which is 600 μm × 600 μm × 100 μm. Each p-Chip contains a unique identification code stored within its electronic memory that can be retrieved with a custom reader. These features allow the p-Chip to be used as an unobtrusive and scarcely noticeable ID tag on glass slides and tissue cassettes...
2018: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682287/colonization-sites-in-carriers-of-esbl-producing-gram-negative-bacteria
#8
Joffrey van Prehn, Anna M Kaiser, Suzanne D van der Werff, Rosa van Mansfeld, Christina M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls
Objective: The distribution of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-producing Gram-negative bacteria (ESBL-GNB) colonization sites is relevant for infection control guidelines on detection and follow-up of colonization. We questioned whether it is possible to rely solely on rectal swab culture for follow-up of ESBL-GNB colonization. Methods: We retrospectively assessed ESBL-GNB colonization sites in patients in a tertiary hospital in the Netherlands. The Laboratory Information Management System was queried for all bacterial cultures obtained between January 2012 and August 2016...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677968/risk-and-disaster-management-from-planning-and-expertise-to-smart-intelligent-and-adaptive-systems
#9
Arriel Benis, Amos Notea, Refael Barkan
"Disaster" means some surprising and misfortunate event. Its definition is broad and relates to complex environments. Medical Informatics approaches, methodologies and systems are used as a part of Disaster and Emergency Management systems. At the Holon Institute of Technology - HIT, Israel, in 2016 a National R&D Center: AFRAN was established to study the disaster's reduction aspects. The Center's designation is to investigate and produce new approaches, methodologies and to offer recommendations in the fields of disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery and to disseminate disaster's knowledge...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653352/online-molecular-image-repository-and-analysis-system-a-multicenter-collaborative-open-source-infrastructure-for-molecular-imaging-research-and-application
#10
Mahabubur Rahman, Hiroshi Watabe
Molecular imaging serves as an important tool for researchers and clinicians to visualize and investigate complex biochemical phenomena using specialized instruments; these instruments are either used individually or in combination with targeted imaging agents to obtain images related to specific diseases with high sensitivity, specificity, and signal-to-noise ratios. However, molecular imaging, which is a multidisciplinary research field, faces several challenges, including the integration of imaging informatics with bioinformatics and medical informatics, requirement of reliable and robust image analysis algorithms, effective quality control of imaging facilities, and those related to individualized disease mapping, data sharing, software architecture, and knowledge management...
April 4, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628202/health-status-of-afro-asian-refugees-in-an-italian-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#11
R Del Pinto, D Pietropaoli, U Russomando, P Evangelista, C Ferri
OBJECTIVES: The recent sociopolitical events in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern areas have significantly impacted international migration flows. As disease prevalence and type are different among western and Afro-Asian countries, physicians dealing with refugees should be aware of their specific health needs. We aimed at evaluating the health status and disease history of refugees at their arrival in the urban area of L'Aquila (Italy). STUDY DESIGN: This is a monocentric cross-sectional study...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625346/a-laboratory-information-management-system-for-the-analysis-of-tritium-3-h-in-environmental-waters
#12
Dagnachew Legesse Belachew, Stefan Terzer-Wassmuth, Leonard I Wassenaar, Philipp M Klaus, Lorenzo Copia, Luis J Araguás Araguás, Pradeep Aggarwal
Accurate and precise measurements of low levels of tritium (3 H) in environmental waters are difficult to attain due to complex steps of sample preparation, electrolytic enrichment, liquid scintillation decay counting, and extensive data processing. We present a Microsoft Access™ relational database application, TRIMS (Tritium Information Management System) to assist with sample and data processing of tritium analysis by managing the processes from sample registration and analysis to reporting and archiving...
March 9, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611842/an-open-experimental-database-for-exploring-inorganic-materials
#13
Andriy Zakutayev, Nick Wunder, Marcus Schwarting, John D Perkins, Robert White, Kristin Munch, William Tumas, Caleb Phillips
The use of advanced machine learning algorithms in experimental materials science is limited by the lack of sufficiently large and diverse datasets amenable to data mining. If publicly open, such data resources would also enable materials research by scientists without access to expensive experimental equipment. Here, we report on our progress towards a publicly open High Throughput Experimental Materials (HTEM) Database (htem.nrel.gov). This database currently contains 140,000 sample entries, characterized by structural (100,000), synthetic (80,000), chemical (70,000), and optoelectronic (50,000) properties of inorganic thin film materials, grouped in >4,000 sample entries across >100 materials systems; more than a half of these data are publicly available...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606534/timely-diagnosis-use-of-information-technology-and-mosquito-control-prevents-dengue-outbreaks-experience-from-central-india
#14
Pradip V Barde, Neeta Mishra, Neeru Singh
BACKGROUND: Dengue is most important arboviral disease spreading to newer areas. Timely diagnosis and mosquito control are only ways to prevent outbreaks; however there are very few studies demonstrating this hypothesis. METHODS: During this study laboratory diagnosis for Dengue was provided to patient and the programme manager on the same day of receipt of the sample. The mobile number of the patient/kin of patient was used to contact patient and reach their address to conduct vector control within 24h of case detection...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594798/improved-quality-of-care-for-patients-infected-or-colonised-with-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-french-teaching-hospital-impact-of-an-interventional-prospective-study-and-development-of-specific-tools
#15
Véronique Mondain, Florence Lieutier, Céline Pulcini, Nicolas Degand, Luce Landraud, Raymond Ruimy, Thierry Fosse, Pierre Marie Roger
The increasing incidence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in France prompted the publication of national recommendations in 2010. Based on these, we developed a toolkit and a warning system to optimise management of ESBL-E infected or colonised patients in both community and hospital settings. The impact of this initiative on quality of care was assessed in a teaching hospital. The ESBL toolkit was developed in 2011 during multidisciplinary meetings involving a regional network of hospital, private clinic and laboratory staff in Southeastern France...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563671/human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-a-survey-on-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-medical-professionals-at-a-tertiary-health-care-institution-in-uttarakhand-india
#16
Ananya Doda, Gita Negi, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Meena Harsh
INTRODUCTION: Health-care professionals are trained health-care providers who occupy a potential vanguard position in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention programs and the management of AIDS patients. This study was performed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and perceptions among health-care professionals at a tertiary health-care institution in Uttarakhand, India, and to identify the target group where more education on HIV is needed...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553816/life-history-traits-and-population-structure-of-pederson-cleaner-shrimps-ancylomenes-pedersoni
#17
Jessica A Gilpin, Nanette E Chadwick
Cleaner organisms perform key functional roles in reducing rates of parasitism in marine communities. Pederson cleaner shrimps Ancylomenes pedersoni are major cleaners of reef fishes in the tropical western Atlantic and form obligate symbioses with host sea anemones. Information about their life-history traits would contribute to understanding how symbiosis impacts life-history evolution in crustaceans, but little is known about patterns of growth and reproduction in this anemone shrimp. We quantified growth, sexual reproduction, senescence, and mortality in individuals of A...
December 2017: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536468/-management-of-the-dry-and-transition-periods-of-dairy-cattle-in-free-stall-housing-systems-in-lower-saxony-part-2-risk-factores-for-subclinical-ketosis-hypocalcaemia-and-increased-lipomobilisation
#18
Pamela Oetting-Neumann, Karl Rohn, Martina Hoedemaker
OBJECTIVE: Determination of the frequency of subclinical hypocalcaemia, increased lipomobilisation and subclinical ketosis as problems in dairy herds and identification of possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information was obtained from 51 dairy farms on husbandry, feeding, management of the cows and heifers, animal health and prophylactic treatments using a questionnaire. Blood samples from 20% of the cows and 30% of the heifers of each farm (= herd sample) were collected in the week ante partum (a...
February 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535998/networking-of-public-health-microbiology-laboratories-bolsters-europe-s-defenses-against-infectious-diseases
#19
Barbara Albiger, Joana Revez, Katrin Claire Leitmeyer, Marc J Struelens
In an era of global health threats caused by epidemics of infectious diseases and rising multidrug resistance, microbiology laboratories provide essential scientific evidence for risk assessment, prevention, and control. Microbiology has been at the core of European infectious disease surveillance networks for decades. Since 2010, these networks have been coordinated by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Activities delivered in these networks include harmonization of laboratory diagnostic, antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular typing methods, multicentre method validation, technical capacity mapping, training of laboratory staff, and continuing quality assessment of laboratory testing...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515813/cloud-based-adaptive-exon-prediction-for-dna-analysis
#20
Srinivasareddy Putluri, Md Zia Ur Rahman, Shaik Yasmeen Fathima
Cloud computing offers significant research and economic benefits to healthcare organisations. Cloud services provide a safe place for storing and managing large amounts of such sensitive data. Under conventional flow of gene information, gene sequence laboratories send out raw and inferred information via Internet to several sequence libraries. DNA sequencing storage costs will be minimised by use of cloud service. In this study, the authors put forward a novel genomic informatics system using Amazon Cloud Services, where genomic sequence information is stored and accessed for processing...
February 2018: Healthcare Technology Letters
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