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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413615/mean-platelet-volume-mpv-as-an-indicator-of-%C3%A2-disease-activity-and-severity-in-lupus
#1
Abidullah Khan, Iqbal Haider, Maimoona Ayub, Salman Khan
Background: Amongst the different clinical and laboratory parameters used to monitor disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), mean platelet volume (MPV) is a novel biomarker. Although MPV has been studied in other rheumatological conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, its role in adult SLE needs to be defined, especially in Pakistan. Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of MPV as a biomarker of disease activity in SLE. Fifty patients were recruited through a consecutive non-probability sampling technique for this cross-sectional study...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404567/accidental-hydroxychloroquine-overdose-resulting-in-neurotoxic-vestibulopathy
#2
Peter B Chansky, Victoria P Werth
Hydroxychloroquine is an oral antimalarial medication commonly used off-label for a variety of rheumatological conditions, including systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome and dermatomyositis. We present a case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with acute onset headache, bilateral tinnitus, and left-sided facial numbness and tingling in the setting of accidentally overdosing on hydroxychloroquine. By the next morning, the patient began to experience worsening in the tingling sensation and it eventually spread to her left arm, thigh and distal extremities...
April 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381829/fine-tuning-of-immunometabolism-for-the-treatment-of-rheumatic-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Jillian P Rhoads, Amy S Major, Jeffrey C Rathmell
All immune cells depend on specific and efficient metabolic pathways to mount an appropriate response. Over the past decade, the field of immunometabolism has expanded our understanding of the various means by which cells modulate metabolism to achieve the effector functions necessary to fight infection or maintain homeostasis. Harnessing these metabolic pathways to manipulate inappropriate immune responses as a therapeutic strategy in cancer and autoimmunity has received increasing scrutiny by the scientific community...
April 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366477/biologic-therapies-for-autoimmune-and-connective-tissue-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Rachel M Wolfe, Dennis C Ang
Biologic therapy continues to revolutionize the treatment of autoimmune disease, especially in rheumatology as the pathophysiology of both inflammation and autoimmune disease becomes better understood. These therapies are designed to dampen the response of the inflammatory cascades. Although the first biologic therapies were approved many years ago, expanding indications and new agents continue to challenge the traditional treatment strategies for rheumatic diseases. This article reviews the data supporting the current use of biologic therapies, including off-label indications, in a subset of rheumatic diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, inflammatory myositis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, vasculitis, and gout...
May 2017: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355984/hydroxychloroquine-induced-hyperpigmentation-in-systemic-diseases-prevalence-clinical-features-and-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-41-cases
#5
E Bahloul, M Jallouli, S Garbaa, S Marzouk, A Masmoudi, H Turki, Z Bahloul
Introduction Hydroxychloroquine is an antimalarial agent widely prescribed in internal medicine, rheumatology and dermatology. Its use can be complicated by various side effects including skin pigmentation. Objectives The aim of the study is to review epidemiological, clinical features and risk factors of hydroxychloroquine-induced pigmentation. Materials and methods We performed a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 5 months. During this period, patients who had been treated with hydroxychloroquine for over 6 months, in the internal medicine department, underwent a complete dermatological examination...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270202/rheumatology-in-africa-challenges-and-opportunities
#6
EDITORIAL
Girish M Mody
Africa faces many health challenges despite sustained growth and development over the past decade. Contributory factors are the lack of financial resources, an inadequate health professional workforce, a high burden of communicable diseases, and an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases. Rheumatology services are limited or non-existent in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Over the past decade, partnerships with international academic institutions have resulted in some progress in the training of rheumatologists and health professionals and development of rheumatology services in countries such as Kenya, Nigeria, and Zambia...
March 7, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217973/unravelling-thyroid-dysfunction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-history-matters
#7
Joseph Anoop, Francis Geetha, Idiculla Jyothi, Pradeep Rekha, Vineeta Shobha
AIM: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) frequently coexists with other systemic autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Due to the overlapping and nonspecific nature of symptoms, it is difficult to clinically uncover thyroidal illnesses in RA patients. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction including the presence of anti-thyroid peroxidase (antiTPO) autoantibodies in patients with RA and to analyze symptomatology of thyroid dysfunction in patients diagnosed with RA...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205395/pregnancy-outcomes-and-contraceptive-use-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-women-without-a-chronic-illness-a-comparative-study
#8
Priyadarshani Galappatthy, Jayan D D Jayasinghe, Sampath C Paththinige, Rezvi M H Sheriff, Lalith S Wijayaratne
OBJECTIVES: To compare the pregnancy outcomes and contraceptive practices in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and women with no chronic illness (WNCI) in a tertiary care referral center in Colombo, Sri Lanka. METHODS: Patients with SLE satisfying American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis and history of pregnancies were recruited from university lupus clinic, National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL). Age-matched women with history of pregnancy and RA were recruited from the rheumatology clinic, NHSL and WNCI from a surgical clinic...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143550/spectrum-of-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-in-nigeria
#9
Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo, Barakat Adeola Animashaun, Richard Oluyinka Akintayo
BACKGROUND: Paediatric rheumatology service in Sub-Sahara African is virtually not available as there is a shortage of paediatric rheumatologists and other rheumatology health professionals. We aim to describe the clinical spectrum and the frequencies of paediatric rheumatic diseases (PRDs) in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with PRDs seen over a five year period (March 2010 to February 2016) at the rheumatology clinic and children ward of LASUTH...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123776/drug-specific-risk-and-characteristics-of-lupus-and-vasculitis-like-events-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-treated-with-tnfi-results-from-bsrbr-ra
#10
Meghna Jani, William G Dixon, Lianne Kersley-Fleet, Ian N Bruce, Hector Chinoy, Anne Barton, Mark Lunt, Kath Watson, Deborah P Symmons, Kimme L Hyrich
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of lupus-like events (LLEs) and vasculitis-like events (VLEs) in tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi)-treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to those receiving non-biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (nbDMARDs). METHODS: Patients were recruited to the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register-RA, a national prospective cohort study. Two cohorts recruited between 2001 and 2015: (1) patients starting first TNFi (adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab and certolizumab) (n=12 937) and (2) biological-naïve comparison cohort receiving nbDMARDs (n=3673)...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115268/incidence-of-paradoxical-reactions-in-patients-treated-with-tocilizumab-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-data-from-the-french-registry-regate
#11
William Terreaux, Claire Masson, Jean-Paul Eschard, Thomas Bardin, Arnaud Constantin, Loïc Le Dantec, Christian Marcelli, Aleth Perdriger, Claire Scotto Di Fazano, Daniel Wendling, Jean Sibilia, Jacques Morel, Jean-Hugues Salmon
OBJECTIVES: Assess the frequency of paradoxical reactions encountered in daily practice under tocilizumab, using the REGATE (Registry-RoActemra) registry. The secondary objectives were to determine the type of paradoxical reaction and the consequences of these reactions. METHODS: The REGATE registry is an independent prospective registry, promoted by the French Society of Rheumatology, consisting of patients treated with tocilizumab for rheumatoid arthritis. The paradoxical reaction was retained if it was a paradoxical precipitation of a condition for which tocilizumab was indicated, if tocilizumab was being used for an alternative indication, and if it appeared after at least one tocilizumab infusion...
January 20, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079914/intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-pediatric-rheumatology-when-to-use-it-and-what-is-the-evidence
#12
Martha M Rodriguez, Linda Wagner-Weiner
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is given to children with a variety of rheumatologic illnesses. The mechanism of action by which it exerts therapeutic effects is not well understood and likely differs in the medical conditions for which it is given. IVIG is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and is the standard of care for Kawasaki disease, but most IVIG use in pediatric rheumatology is "off-label. " The literature supports the use of IVIG for juvenile dermatomyositis, although it is unclear whether its use should be limited to those children with more severe or refractory disease...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070763/uveitis-in-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-a-multicenter-survey
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paola Pinheiro Kahwage, Mariana Paes Leme Ferriani, João M Furtado, Luciana Martins de Carvalho, Gecilmara Salviato Pileggi, Francisco Hugo Rodrigues Gomes, Maria Teresa Terreri, Claudia Saad Magalhães, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Silvana Brasilia Sacchetti, Roberto Marini, Eloisa Bonfá, Clovis Artur Silva, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani
The aim of this study is to assess uveitis prevalence in a large cohort of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) patients. A retrospective multicenter cohort study including 852 cSLE patients was performed in ten pediatric rheumatology centers (Brazilian cSLE group). An investigator meeting was held and all participants received database training. Uveitis was diagnosed through clinical assessment by the uveitis expert ophthalmologist of each center. Patients with and without uveitis were assessed for lupus clinical/laboratory features and treatments...
March 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065614/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-presenting-feature-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Rajesh Kumar Singh, Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi, Jayantee Kalita, Usha Kant Misra
BACKGROUND: CVST (cerebral venous sinus thrombosis) may sometimes be associated with autoimmune disorders that require specific treatment. The clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with CVST are presented and contrasted with CVST without SLE. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CVST admitted in neurology service during 2012-2016 were included. The diagnosis of CVST was confirmed by MR venography or digital subtraction angiography...
March 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987518/-clinical-characteristics-of-4-cases-of-scleritis-associated-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#15
L Wang, Y Yang, Y Jia, H Miao, Y S Zhou, X Y Zhang
Episcleritis and scleritis are relatively rare ocular diseases, which are commonly associated with rheumatic diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To investigate clinical and laboratory features of SLE-associated episcleritis and scleritis, we now report 4 cases of inpatients who were diagnosed with episcleritis or scleritis secondary to SLE from September 2005 to July 2016 in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology in Peking University People's Hospital. Demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics were summarized together with the treatment regimen and the prognosis; the literature was reviewed...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912793/antibodies-against-carbamylated-proteins-and-cyclic-citrullinated-peptides-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-results-from-two-well-defined-european-cohorts
#16
Michael Ziegelasch, Myrthe A M van Delft, Philip Wallin, Thomas Skogh, César Magro-Checa, Gerda M Steup-Beekman, Leendert A Trouw, Alf Kastbom, Christopher Sjöwall
BACKGROUND: Articular manifestations are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) whereas erosive disease is not. Antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) are citrulline-dependent in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), whereas the opposite is suggested in SLE, as reactivity with cyclic arginine peptide (CAP) is typically present. Antibodies targeting carbamylated proteins (anti-CarP) may occur in anti-CCP/rheumatoid factor (RF)-negative cases long before clinical onset of RA. We analysed these antibody specificities in sera from European patients with SLE in relation to phenotypes, smoking habits and imaging data...
December 3, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881995/pattern-of-initial-clinical-manifestations-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#17
Shabnam Batool, Nighat Mir Ahmad, Muhammad Ahmed Saeed, Sumaira Farman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of initial clinical manifestations of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and to compare these features with those recorded elsewhere in Pakistan. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed in the Department of Rheumatology, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from November 2015 to January 2016. Sixty one patients of SLE diagnosed as per ACR (American College of Rheumatology) 1982 revised criteria, were enrolled...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858177/age-of-onset-influences-on-clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Rafael Hennemann Sassi, Jordana Vaz Hendler, Giovana Fagundes Piccoli, Andrese Aline Gasparin, Rafael Mendonça da Silva Chakr, João Carlos Tavares Brenol, Odirlei André Monticielo
The present study aims to evaluate differences in clinical and laboratory manifestations and medication use in the different ages of disease onset in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This cross-sectional study consisted of 598 SLE patients (550 female and 48 male), who attended the Rheumatology Clinic of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre between 2003 and 2015. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected. The patients were classified into three groups according to their ages at disease diagnosis...
January 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837195/joint-ultrasound-baseline-abnormalities-predict-a-specific-long-term-clinical-outcome-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#19
P Corzo, T C Salman-Monte, V Torrente-Segarra, L Polino, S Mojal, J Carbonell-Abelló
Objective To describe long-term clinical and serological outcome in all systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) domains in SLE patients with hand arthralgia (HA) and joint ultrasound (JUS) inflammatory abnormalities, and to compare them with asymptomatic SLE patients with normal JUS. Methods SLE patients with HA who presented JUS inflammatory abnormalities ('cases') and SLE patients without HA who did not exhibit JUS abnormalities at baseline ('controls') were included. All SLE clinical and serological domain involvement data were collected...
January 1, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833788/vasculitic-diseases-and-prothrombotic-states-contributing-to-delayed-healing-in-chronic-wounds
#20
Victoria K Shanmugam
PURPOSE: Autoimmune diseases are a common cause of delayed wound healing and should be considered in patients with chronic wounds who do not respond to local wound care or who fail skin grafting in the absence of infection. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiologic studies have shown that, of patients with chronic wounds evaluated in specialized wound healing clinics, 20-23% have autoimmune etiologies for their wounds including vasculitis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, pyoderma gangrenosum and other autoimmune diseases...
December 2016: Current Dermatology Reports
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