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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396624/is-the-1298a-c-polymorphism-in-the-mthfr-gene-a-risk-factor-for-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-in-children-the-results-of-meta-analysis
#1
Beata Sarecka-Hujar, Ilona Kopyta, Michal Skrzypek
An elevated level of homocysteine is a risk factor for vascular diseases, brain atrophy and several other disorders. The 1298A>C polymorphism (rs1801131) leads to mildly decreased MTHFR activity. Previously, it was observed that the MTHFR 1298A>C polymorphism in combined analysis with the MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism increases homocysteine levels. However, conflicting results on its relation to ischaemic stroke in children can be found. We conducted a meta-analysis to analyse possible connections between the MTHFR 1298A>C polymorphism and ischaemic stroke in paediatric patients...
February 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365583/puzzle-of-the-role-for-the-mthfr-c-677c-t-variant-and-c-1298a-c-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#2
Yagang Xie, Jianxun Cui, Shuo Li, Yu-Ming Xu, Edward Randell, Liwen Zou, Fei-Yu Han, Yagang Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360980/testicular-mthfr-deficiency-may-explain-sperm-dna-hypomethylation-associated-with-high-dose-folic-acid-supplementation
#3
Mahmoud Aarabi, Karen E Christensen, Donovan Chan, Daniel Leclerc, Mylène Landry, Lundi Ly, Rima Rozen, Jacquetta Trasler
Supplementation with high doses of folic acid, an important mediator of one-carbon transfers for DNA methylation, is used clinically to improve sperm parameters in infertile men. We recently detected an unexpected loss of DNA methylation in the sperm of idiopathic infertile men after 6 months of daily supplementation with 5mg folic acid (>10× the daily recommended intake-DRI), exacerbated in men homozygous for a common variant in the gene encoding an important enzyme in folate metabolism, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR 677C>T)...
January 19, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246599/manifestations-of-neurological-symptoms-and-thromboembolism-in-adults-with-mthfr-deficiency
#4
Paulus S Rommer, Johannes Zschocke, Brian Fowler, Manuela Födinger, Vassiliki Konstantopoulou, Dorothea Möslinger, Elisabeth Stögmann, Erhard Suess, Matthias Baumgartner, Eduard Auff, Gere Sunder-Plassmann
BACKGROUND: Methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase (MTHFR) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder affecting intracellular folate metabolism with affection of different organ systems and clinical manifestation usually in childhood. OBJECTIVE: We report on four adult members of a family with MTHFR deficiency presenting with neurological and thromboembolic complications in adulthood. METHODS: Extensive diagnostic work-up including genetic testing was performed in four adult members...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202425/association-study-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-genetic-polymorphism-677c-t-with-schizophrenia-in-hospitalized-patients-in-population-of-european-russia
#5
T V Zhilyaeva, A V Sergeeva, A S Blagonravova, L N Kasimova, K V Kuznetsov, V I Golovanova, T B Shebolkova, E A Korshunova
The purpose of the research was to investigate the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (hereinafter MTHFR) genetic polymorphism 677C>T with schizophrenia in the Russian population in comparison with the control group of healthy blood donors. Also some characteristics of schizophrenia were examined in patients with/without defective T-allele of MTHFR677C>T polymorphism. 500 patients with schizophrenia and 499 blood donors were examined for T-allele carriage of polymorphism MTHFR677C>T by PCR method...
November 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188628/-effect-of-mthfr-gene-on-the-schizophrenia-and-its-cognitive-function
#6
Weiping Wang, Weixing Fan, Bo Shi, Chunnan Tong, Xiaorong Wang, Jun Cai, Chen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of MTHFR gene on schizophrenia and its cognitive function. METHODS: We recruited 254 schizophrenia patients with stable condition, 339 healthy controls for genetic analysis and 72 healthy controls for cognitive evaluation. The repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS) was used for cognitive measurement. PCR-RFLP technique was carried out to genotype 677C/T polymorphism. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in genotypic or allelic frequencies of the 677C/T polymorphism between the case and control groups (P> 0...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162511/the-thymidylate-synthase-enhancer-region-tser-polymorphism-increases-the-risk-of-thymic-lymphoid-hyperplasia-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#7
Angela Lopomo, Roberta Ricciardi, Anna De Rosa, Melania Guida, Michelangelo Maestri, Marco Lucchi, Franca Melfi, Alfredo Mussi, Lucia Migliore, Fabio Coppedè
BACKGROUND: Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is caused, in approximately 80% of the patients, by autoantibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). The disease is often associated with pathological changes of the thymus: thymic epithelial tumours are present in about 10-20% of the patients, while up to 80% of the patients with early disease onset have thymic hyperplasia. Folate metabolism is required for the production of DNA precursors and for proper DNA methylation reactions, and impaired folate metabolism has been often associated with cellular growth and cancer...
November 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084233/genetically-defined-elevated-homocysteine-levels-do-not-result-in-widespread-changes-of-dna-methylation-in-leukocytes
#8
Pooja R Mandaviya, Roby Joehanes, Dylan Aïssi, Brigitte Kühnel, Riccardo E Marioni, Vinh Truong, Lisette Stolk, Marian Beekman, Marc Jan Bonder, Lude Franke, Christian Gieger, Tianxiao Huan, M Arfan Ikram, Sonja Kunze, Liming Liang, Jan Lindemans, Chunyu Liu, Allan F McRae, Michael M Mendelson, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Annette Peters, P Eline Slagboom, John M Starr, David-Alexandre Trégouët, André G Uitterlinden, Marleen M J van Greevenbroek, Diana van Heemst, Maarten van Iterson, Philip S Wells, Chen Yao, Ian J Deary, France Gagnon, Bastiaan T Heijmans, Daniel Levy, Pierre-Emmanuel Morange, Melanie Waldenberger, Sandra G Heil, Joyce B J van Meurs
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation is affected by the activities of the key enzymes and intermediate metabolites of the one-carbon pathway, one of which involves homocysteine. We investigated the effect of the well-known genetic variant associated with mildly elevated homocysteine: MTHFR 677C>T independently and in combination with other homocysteine-associated variants, on genome-wide leukocyte DNA-methylation. METHODS: Methylation levels were assessed using Illumina 450k arrays on 9,894 individuals of European ancestry from 12 cohort studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968444/one-carbon-genetic-variants-and-the-role-of-mthfd1-1958g-a-in-liver-and-colon-cancer-risk-according-to-global-dna-methylation
#9
Sara Moruzzi, Patrizia Guarini, Silvia Udali, Andrea Ruzzenente, Alfredo Guglielmi, Simone Conci, Patrizia Pattini, Nicola Martinelli, Oliviero Olivieri, Stephanie A Tammen, Sang-Woon Choi, Simonetta Friso
Several polymorphic gene variants within one-carbon metabolism, an essential pathway for nucleotide synthesis and methylation reactions, are related to cancer risk. An aberrant DNA methylation is a common feature in cancer but whether the link between one-carbon metabolism variants and cancer occurs through an altered DNA methylation is yet unclear. Aims of the study were to evaluate the frequency of one-carbon metabolism gene variants in hepatocellular-carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and colon cancer, and their relationship to cancer risk together with global DNA methylation status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760411/polymorphisms-of-mthfr-enos-ace-agt-apoe-pon1-pde4d-and-ischemic-stroke-meta-analysis
#10
Loo Keat Wei, Anthony Au, Saras Menon, Lyn R Griffiths, Cheah Wee Kooi, Looi Irene, Jiangyang Zhao, Chaeyoung Lee, Avdonina Maria Alekseevna, Muhammad Radzi Abdul Hassan, Zariah Abdul Aziz
INTRODUCTION: The association between ischemic stroke and genetic polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; 677C>T and 1298A>C), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS; -786T>C, +894G>T, and variable number tandem repeat [VNTR]), phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D; SNPs 83 and 87), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D, angiotensinogen (AGT) 235M>T, paraoxonase 1 (PON1) 192Q>R, and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε2ε3ε4 remains inconclusive. Therefore, this updated meta-analysis aimed to clarify the presumed influence of genetic polymorphisms on ischemic stroke by meta-analyzing the comprehensive coverage of all individual association studies...
November 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758112/parental-genetic-variants-mthfr-677c-t-and-mtrr-66a-g-associated-differently-with-fetal-congenital-heart-defect
#11
Qian-Nan Guo, Hong-Dan Wang, Li-Zhen Tie, Tao Li, Hai Xiao, Jian-Gang Long, Shi-Xiu Liao
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defect (CHD) is one of the most common birth defects in the world. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) genes are two of the most important candidate genes for fetal CHD. However, the correlations between the two genes and fetal CHD were inconsistent in various reports. Therefore, this study is aimed to evaluate the parental effects of the two genes on fetal CHD via three genetic polymorphisms, MTHFR 677C>T (rs1801133), MTHFR 1298 A>C (rs1801131), and MTRR 66A>G (rs1801394)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607799/major-polymorphisms-of-genes-involved-in-homocysteine-metabolism-in-malaria-patients-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#12
Noé Yameogo, Bapio Valérie Elvira Jean Télesphore Bazie, Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Pouiré Yameogo, Tegwinde Rebeca Compaore, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Florencia Wenkuuni Djigma, Simplice Damintoti Karou, Jacques Simpore
This study analyzed the four main polymorphisms of the genes in homocysteine metabolism in malaria patients. Forty-two randomly selected subjects, diagnosed positive for Plasmodium falciparum, were included. The four genotypes were detected by real-time PCR using the MTHFR 677C>T, MTHFR 1298A>C, MTR 2756A>G, and MTRR 66A>G detection kit (Sacace Biotechnologies REF: T01002-96-S). The results revealed frequencies of 90% 677CC, 10% 677CT, and 00% 677TT for MTHFR C677T; 78.6% 1298AA, 19% 1298AC, and 2...
2017: Malaria Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587068/genetic-variants-involved-in-one-carbon-metabolism-polymorphism-frequencies-and-differences-in-homocysteine-concentrations-in-the-folic-acid-fortification-era
#13
Josiane Steluti, Aline M Carvalho, Antonio A F Carioca, Andreia Miranda, Gilka J F Gattás, Regina M Fisberg, Dirce M Marchioni
Folate and other B vitamins are essential co-factors of one-carbon metabolism, and genetic variants, such as polymorphisms, can alter the metabolism. Furthermore, the adoption of food fortification with folic acid showed a decrease of homocysteine concentration. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of the polymorphisms of enzymes and carrier proteins involved in one-carbon metabolism, and to evaluate homocysteine concentrations in the presence of these genetic variants in a population exposed to mandatory food fortification with folic acid...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578513/the-role-of-fv-1691g-a-fii-20210g-a-mutations-and-mthfr-677c-t-1298a-c-and-103g-t-fxiii-gene-polymorphisms-in-pathogenesis-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of-gestation
#14
Dawid Szpecht, Janusz Gadzinowski, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Krzysztof Drews, Marta Szymankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Congenital thrombophilia is associated with an increased intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) risk among newborns, but it may also play a protective role. The role of genetic polymorphisms involved in the coagulation pathway of IVH pathogenesis is probably a consequence of an increased risk of thrombosis in the fine blood vessels in the germinal matrix region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between Factor V (FV) 1691G>A, Factor II (FII) 20210G>A mutations and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T; 1298A>C and Factor XIII (FXIII) 103G>T gene polymorphisms and the occurrence of IVH in 100 infants born from 24 + 0 to 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, born from singleton pregnancy, before 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, exposed to antenatal steroid therapy, and without congenital abnormalities...
July 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540283/associations-of-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-with-insulin-resistance-results-of-nurse-study-nursing-unacquainted-related-stress-etiologies
#15
Motahareh Kheradmand, Zhila Maghbooli, Sedigheh Salemi, Mahnaz Sanjari
BACKGROUND: The insulin resistance syndrome is one of the major contributors of metabolic syndrome, diabetes Type 2 and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A common mutation (677C to T; Ala to Val) in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with decreased specific MTHFR activity and elevation of the homocysteine. The aim of this study is investigation of association between MTHFR 677C > T polymorphism with insulin resistance by using HOMA (Homeostasis Model Assessment) index in nurses who are potentially prone to develop insulin resistance because of unfavorable effects of shift work...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488549/prevalence-of-1691g-a-f5-20210g-a-f2-and-677c-t-mthfr-polymorphisms-in-bosnian-women-with-pregnancy-loss
#16
Emir Mahmutbegovic, Damir Marjanovic, Edin Medjedovic, Nevena Mahmutbegovic, Serkan Dogan, Amina Valjevac, Ewa Czerska, Anna Pawińska-Matecka, Agnieszka Madlani, Grazyna Adler
The relationship between genetic risk factors of thrombophilia and pregnancy loss (PL) is being discussed. The focus has been on F5 1691G>A, F2 20210G>A, and MTHFR 677C>T polymorphisms that may predispose women to microthrombosis during the stages of embryo implantation and placentation. Although, the frequencies of these polymorphisms were reported in different populations, such studies have not yet been performed in Bosnian population. In this study, we determined the prevalence of F5 G>A (rs1801133), F2 G>A (rs1800595) and MTHFR C>T (rs1801020) polymorphisms in Bosnian women...
May 10, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398708/evidence-of-gene-gene-interactions-between-mthfd1-and-mthfr-in-relation-to-anterior-encephalocele-susceptibility-in-northeast-india
#17
Hemonta Kr Dutta, Debasish Borbora, Mauchumi Baruah, Kanwar Narain
BACKGROUND: Anterior encephalocele (AE) is a rare congenital anomaly of the central nervous system which is thought to be associated with genetic defects in folate metabolism. METHODS: This case-control study investigated the interactions of methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 (MTHFD1)-1958G>A (rs2236225) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) - 677C>T (rs1801133) and 1298A>C (rs1801131) polymorphisms with the risk of AE in the Northeast Indian population...
April 3, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374953/a-duplex-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-for-rapid-screening-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-gene-variants-genotyping-in-acute-leukemia
#18
Rim Frikha, Nouha Bouayed, Bochra Ben Rhouma, Leila Keskes, Tarek Rebai
BACKGROUND: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; NM_005957.4) is the key enzyme for folate metabolism which plays in DNA biosynthesis and the epigenetic process of DNA methylation. MTHFR gene polymorphisms, the c. 677C>T and c. 1298A>C have been implicated as risk factors for several types of cancers as the acute leukemia. AIM: We have optimized a duplex polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay (PCR-RFLP) for the simultaneous detection of both variants in acute leukemia patients, from Tunisia...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267080/atic-gene-polymorphism-and-histologic-response-to-chemotherapy-in-pediatric-osteosarcoma
#19
Jeong A Park, Hee Young Shin
Accumulating evidence indicates that polymorphisms in folate pathway genes play a role in response to methotrexate (MTX) treatment in various diseases. This study explored the influence of these genetic polymorphisms on treatment outcome in pediatric osteosarcoma. Blood and tissue samples from 48 osteosarcoma patients were obtained, and the following polymorphisms were analyzed; SLC19A1 80G>A, DHFR 829C>T, MTHFR 677C>T, MTHFR 1298A>C, and ATIC 347C>G. We evaluated associations between these candidate gene polymorphisms and treatment outcome, including histologic response and event-free and overall survival, of patients treated with high-dose MTX...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266606/polymorphisms-and-pharmacogenomics-for-the-clinical-efficacy-of-methotrexate-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Qi Qiu, Jing Huang, Xiaoming Shu, Huizheng Fan, Youwen Zhou, Cheng Xiao
Methotrexate (MTX) is widely used and considered a first-line disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Many of the relevant genes have been investigated to estimate the association between gene polymorphisms and MTX effectiveness in RA patients, although inconsistent results have been reported. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to identify genetic variants associated with MTX efficacy. A total of 30 publications that included 34 genes and 125 SNPs associated with the transporters, enzymes, and metabolites of MTX or the progression of RA were included in the systematic review (SR), and 21 studies were included in 9 meta-analyses...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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