Read by QxMD icon Read


Jheanell Hall, Mar Rus-Calafell, Lorraine Omari-Asor, Thomas Ward, Richard Emsley, Philippa Garety, Tom K J Craig
This study assessed the subjective experience of participating in a clinical trial, specifically positive and negative experiences and the experience of audio recording assessment sessions. The study was cross-sectional from a single blinded randomised controlled trial. Forty participants with a primary diagnosis of non-organic psychosis completed baseline and 12-week follow-up questionnaires assessing their experiences. Participants rated research interviews as moderately helpful in facilitating their therapy and talking to the interviewer as moderately helpful at baseline and 12-week follow-up...
February 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Chiara Greganti, Peter Schiansky, Irati Alonso Calafell, Lorenzo M Procopio, Lee A Rozema, Philip Walther
Multi-photon state generation is of great interest for near-future quantum simulation and quantum computation experiments. To-date spontaneous parametric down-conversion is still the most promising process, even though two major impediments still exist: accidental photon noise (caused by the probabilistic non-linear process) and imperfect single-photon purity (arising from spectral entanglement between the photon pairs). In this work, we overcome both of these difficulties by (1) exploiting a passive temporal multiplexing scheme and (2) carefully optimizing the spectral properties of the down-converted photons using periodically-poled KTP crystals...
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
Neus Font-Porterias, Neus Solé-Morata, Gerard Serra-Vidal, Asmahan Bekada, Karima Fadhlaoui-Zid, Pierre Zalloua, Francesc Calafell, David Comas
BACKGROUND: The genetic composition of human North African populations is an amalgam of different ancestral components coming from the Middle East, Europe, south-Saharan Africa and autochthonous to North Africa. This complex genetic pattern is the result of migrations and admixtures in the region since Palaeolithic times. AIMS: The objective of the present study is to refine knowledge of the population history of North African populations through the analysis of complete mitochondrial sequences...
February 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Maarten H D Larmuseau, Francesc Calafell, Sarah A Princen, Ronny Decorte, Violet Soen
OBJECTIVES: War atrocities committed by the Spanish army in the Low Countries during the 16th century are so ingrained in the collective memory of Belgian and Dutch societies that they generally assume a signature of this history to be present in their genetic ancestry. Historians claim this assumption is a consequence of the so-called "Black Legend" and negative propaganda portraying and remembering Spanish soldiers as extreme sexual aggressors. The impact of the presence of Spaniards during the Dutch Revolt on the genetic variation in the Low Countries has been verified in this study...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Anna Petit-Boix, Jay Devkota, Robert Phillips, María Violeta Vargas-Parra, Alejandro Josa, Xavier Gabarrell, Joan Rieradevall, Defne Apul
Water management plays a major role in any city, but applying alternative strategies might be more or less feasible depending on the urban form and water demand. This paper aims to compare the environmental performance of implementing rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems in American and European cities. To do so, two neighborhoods with a water-stressed Mediterranean climate were selected in contrasting cities, i.e., Calafell (Catalonia, Spain) and Ukiah (California, US). Calafell is a high-density, tourist city, whereas Ukiah is a typical sprawled area...
April 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Tom Kj Craig, Mar Rus-Calafell, Thomas Ward, Julian P Leff, Mark Huckvale, Elizabeth Howarth, Richard Emsley, Philippa A Garety
BACKGROUND: A quarter of people with psychotic conditions experience persistent auditory verbal hallucinations, despite treatment. AVATAR therapy (invented by Julian Leff in 2008) is a new approach in which people who hear voices have a dialogue with a digital representation (avatar) of their presumed persecutor, voiced by the therapist so that the avatar responds by becoming less hostile and concedes power over the course of therapy. We aimed to investigate the effect of AVATAR therapy on auditory verbal hallucinations, compared with a supportive counselling control condition...
January 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Neus Solé-Morata, Carla García-Fernández, Vadim Urasin, Asmahan Bekada, Karima Fadhlaoui-Zid, Pierre Zalloua, David Comas, Francesc Calafell
E-M183 (E-M81) is the most frequent paternal lineage in North Africa and thus it must be considered to explore past historical and demographical processes. Here, by using whole Y chromosome sequences from 32 North African individuals, we have identified five new branches within E-M183. The validation of these variants in more than 200 North African samples, from which we also have information of 13 Y-STRs, has revealed a strong resemblance among E-M183 Y-STR haplotypes that pointed to a rapid expansion of this haplogroup...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
L C Lamb, M M DiFiori, J Calafell, C H Comey, D S Shapiro, J M Feeney
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a major source of disability in the United States. The ideal unit in the hospital for patients with mild traumatic intracranial hemorrhages (ICHs) has not been elucidated. We sought to investigate whether patients treated in the surgical stepdown area had worse outcomes than those treated in the surgical ICU. METHODS: We compared patients with ICHs and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) upon admission of 14 or 15 who went to the ICU to those who went to the stepdown area from April 2014 to November 2016...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Philippa A Garety, Thomas Ward, Daniel Freeman, David Fowler, Richard Emsley, Graham Dunn, Elizabeth Kuipers, Paul Bebbington, Helen Waller, Kathryn Greenwood, Mar Rus-Calafell, Alison McGourty, Amy Hardy
BACKGROUND: Paranoia is one of the most common symptoms of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, and is associated with significant distress and disruption to the person's life. Developing more effective and accessible psychological interventions for paranoia is a clinical priority. Our research team has approached this challenge in two main ways: firstly, by adopting an interventionist causal approach to increase effectiveness and secondly, by incorporating user-centred inclusive design methods to enhance accessibility and usability...
November 2, 2017: Trials
M Rus-Calafell, P Garety, E Sason, T J K Craig, L R Valmaggia
Over the last two decades, there has been a rapid increase of studies testing the efficacy and acceptability of virtual reality in the assessment and treatment of mental health problems. This systematic review was carried out to investigate the use of virtual reality in the assessment and the treatment of psychosis. Web of Science, PsychInfo, EMBASE, Scopus, ProQuest and PubMed databases were searched, resulting in the identification of 638 articles potentially eligible for inclusion; of these, 50 studies were included in the review...
July 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
Blanca Sanchez-Gonzalez, Elena Torres, Mariana Paola Ferraro Rosset, Montserrat Calafell, Carmen Gale, Laia Martinez, Esther Sancho, Pilar Garcia, Eva Gimeno, Francesc Garcia-Pallarols, Antonio Salar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Ferran Casals, Roger Anglada, Núria Bonet, Raquel Rasal, Kristiaan J van der Gaag, Jerry Hoogenboom, Neus Solé-Morata, David Comas, Francesc Calafell
We have genotyped the 58 STRs (27 autosomal, 24 Y-STRs and 7 X-STRs) and 94 autosomal SNPs in Illumina ForenSeq™ Primer Mix A in 88 Spanish Roma (Gypsy) samples and 143 Catalans. Since this platform is based in massive parallel sequencing, we have used simple R scripts to uncover the sequence variation in the repeat region. Thus, we have found, across 58 STRs, 541 length-based alleles, which, after considering repeat-sequence variation, became 804 different alleles. All loci in both populations were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium...
September 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Fermin Moreno, Begoña Indakoetxea, Myriam Barandiaran, María Cristina Caballero, Ana Gorostidi, Francesc Calafell, Alazne Gabilondo, Mikel Tainta, Miren Zulaica, José F Martí Massó, Adolfo López de Munain, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Suzee E Lee
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of the c.709-1G>A GRN mutation and the p.A152T MAPT variant has been identified in 18 Basque families affected by frontotemporal dementia (FTD). We aimed to investigate the influence of the p.A152T MAPT variant on the clinical and neuropathological features of these Basque GRN families. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We compared clinical characteristics of 14 patients who carried the c.709-1G>A GRN mutation (GRN+/A152T-) with 21 patients who carried both the c...
2017: PloS One
Mayukh Mondal, Anders Bergström, Yali Xue, Francesc Calafell, Hafid Laayouni, Ferran Casals, Partha P Majumder, Chris Tyler-Smith, Jaume Bertranpetit
We present 42 new Y-chromosomal sequences from diverse Indian tribal and non-tribal populations, including the Jarawa and Onge from the Andaman Islands, which are analysed within a calibrated Y-chromosomal phylogeny incorporating South Asian (in total 305 individuals) and worldwide (in total 1286 individuals) data from the 1000 Genomes Project. In contrast to the more ancient ancestry in the South than in the North that has been claimed, we detected very similar coalescence times within Northern and Southern non-tribal Indian populations...
May 2017: Human Genetics
José Pérez de Los Cobos, Saul Alcaraz, Núria Siñol, Maria Jesús Arranz, Joan Trujols, Francesca Batlle, Francesc Calafell, Santiago Durán-Sindreu, Juliana Salazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Mar Rus-Calafell, Thomas K J Craig, Matias Irarrazaval, Alfonso Urzúa, Laurent Boyer, David R Williams
In many societies, family members are now the primary caregivers of mental health patients, taking on responsibilities traditionally under the purview of hospitals and medical professionals. The impact of this shift on the family is high, having both an emotional and economic toll. The aim of this paper is to review the main changes that occur in family dynamics for patients with schizophrenia. The article addresses three central themes: (i) changes in the family at the onset of the disorder, (ii) consequences for family members because of their caregiver role, and (iii) family interventions aimed at improving the complex dynamics within the family...
January 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
Patricia Villaescusa, María José Illescas, Laura Valverde, Miriam Baeta, Carolina Nuñez, Begoña Martínez-Jarreta, Maria Teresa Zarrabeitia, Francesc Calafell, Marian M de Pancorbo
The European paternal lineage R-DF27 has been proposed as a haplogroup of Iberian origin due to its maximum frequencies in the Iberian Peninsula. In this study, the distribution and structure of DF27 were characterized in 591 unrelated male individuals from four key populations of the north area of the Iberian Peninsula through the analysis of 12 Y-SNPs that define DF27 main sublineages. Additionally, Y-SNP allele frequencies were also gathered from the reference populations in the 1000 Genomes Project to compare and obtain a better landscape of the distribution of DF27...
March 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Francesc Calafell, Maarten H D Larmuseau
The Y chromosome is currently by far the most popular marker in genetic genealogy that combines genetic data and family history. This popularity is based on its haploid character and its close association with the patrilineage and paternal inherited surname. Other markers have not been found (yet) to overrule this status due to the low sensitivity and precision of autosomal DNA for genetic genealogical applications, given the vagaries of recombination, and the lower capacities of mitochondrial DNA combined with an in general much lower interest in maternal lineages...
May 2017: Human Genetics
Francesc Calafell, Roger Anglada, Núria Bonet, Mercedes González-Ruiz, Gemma Prats-Muñoz, Raquel Rasal, Carles Lalueza-Fox, Jaume Bertranpetit, Assumpció Malgosa, Ferran Casals
Next-generation sequencing technologies have opened new opportunities in forensic genetics. Here, we assess the applicability and performance of the MiSeq FGx™ & ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit (Illumina) for the identification of individuals from the mass graves of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The main limitations for individual identification are the low number of possible first-degree living relatives and the high levels of DNA degradation reported in previous studies. Massively parallel sequencing technologies enabling the analysis of hundreds of regions and prioritizing short length amplicons constitute a promising tool for this kind of approaches...
October 2016: Electrophoresis
Lucia R Valmaggia, Fern Day, Mar Rus-Calafell
PURPOSE: In the last decade researchers have embraced virtual reality to explore the psychological processes and mechanisms that are involved in the onset and maintenance of psychosis. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence of using virtual reality to investigate these mechanisms. METHODS: Web of Science, PsycINFO, Embase, and Medline were searched. Reference lists of collected papers were also visually inspected to locate any relevant cited journal articles...
July 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"