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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646772/prevalence-of-immune-related-systemic-adverse-events-in%C3%A2-patients-treated-with-anti-programmed-cell-death-1-anti-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-agents-a-single-centre-pharmacovigilance-database-analysis
#1
Sébastien Le Burel, Stéphane Champiat, Christine Mateus, Aurélien Marabelle, Jean-Marie Michot, Caroline Robert, Rakiba Belkhir, Jean-Charles Soria, Salim Laghouati, Anne-Laure Voisin, Olivier Fain, Arsène Mékinian, Laetitia Coutte, Tali-Anne Szwebel, Laetitia Dunogeant, Bertrand Lioger, Cécile Luxembourger, Xavier Mariette, Olivier Lambotte
AIM: The growing use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is associated with the occurrence of immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Few data are published on systemic, immunohaematological and rheumatic irAEs. In a pharmacovigilance database analysis, we screened for these irAEs and calculated their prevalence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited via Registre des Effets Indésirables Sévères des Anticorps Monoclonaux Immunomodulateurs en Cancérologie (REISAMIC)(1) a French registry of grade ≥2 irAEs occurring in ICI-treated patients...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646319/presence-of-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-ultrasonographic-study-of-a-local-cohort
#2
Sinem Sag, Mustafa Serdar Sag, Ibrahim Tekeoglu, Ayhan Kamanlı, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal findings in Sjögren's syndrome are arthralgia, arthritis, myalgia, myositis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Enthesis zones are important in the formation of pain in the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) may show subclinical enthesitis in the synovial joints and in the axial skeleton before joint swelling in inflammatory diseases characterized by arthritis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of enthesopathy using the Madrid sonographic enthesitis index (MASEI) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640813/identification-of-a-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-susceptibility-locus-at-oas1-that-influences-isoform-switching-protein-expression-and-responsiveness-to-type-i-interferons
#3
He Li, Tove Ragna Reksten, John A Ice, Jennifer A Kelly, Indra Adrianto, Astrid Rasmussen, Shaofeng Wang, Bo He, Kiely M Grundahl, Stuart B Glenn, Corinne Miceli-Richard, Simon Bowman, Sue Lester, Per Eriksson, Maija-Leena Eloranta, Johan G Brun, Lasse G Gøransson, Erna Harboe, Joel M Guthridge, Kenneth M Kaufman, Marika Kvarnström, Deborah S Cunninghame Graham, Ketan Patel, Adam J Adler, A Darise Farris, Michael T Brennan, James Chodosh, Rajaram Gopalakrishnan, Michael H Weisman, Swamy Venuturupalli, Daniel J Wallace, Kimberly S Hefner, Glen D Houston, Andrew J W Huang, Pamela J Hughes, David M Lewis, Lida Radfar, Evan S Vista, Contessa E Edgar, Michael D Rohrer, Donald U Stone, Timothy J Vyse, John B Harley, Patrick M Gaffney, Judith A James, Sean Turner, Ilias Alevizos, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Nelson L Rhodus, Barbara M Segal, Courtney G Montgomery, R Hal Scofield, Susan Kovats, Xavier Mariette, Lars Rönnblom, Torsten Witte, Maureen Rischmueller, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Roald Omdal, Roland Jonsson, Wan-Fai Ng, Gunnel Nordmark, Christopher J Lessard, Kathy L Sivils
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a common, autoimmune exocrinopathy distinguished by keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia. Patients frequently develop serious complications including lymphoma, pulmonary dysfunction, neuropathy, vasculitis, and debilitating fatigue. Dysregulation of type I interferon (IFN) pathway is a prominent feature of SS and is correlated with increased autoantibody titers and disease severity. To identify genetic determinants of IFN pathway dysregulation in SS, we performed cis-expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analyses focusing on differentially expressed type I IFN-inducible transcripts identified through a transcriptome profiling study...
June 22, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638660/analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-of-immune-related-dry-eye
#4
Hua Wang, Ping-Bao Wang, Ting Chen, Jing Zou, Ya-Jia Li, Xu-Fang Ran, Qiang-Xiang Li
AIM: To discuss the clinical characteristics of immune-related dry eye. METHODS: Simple dry eye (SDE) group: we selected 224 patients of simple dry eye with no systemic lesions. Immune-related dry eye (IRDE) group: we selected 207 patients of dry eye complicated with immune system diseases, including 70 cases of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), 72 cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 65 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The classification of all patients was performed...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638366/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-and-its-role-in-the-enteric-nervous-system
#5
REVIEW
Bodil Ohlsson
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone orchestrate the reproduction cycle and regulate the sex steroid secretion from the gonads. In mammals, GnRH1 is secreted as a hormone from the hypothalamus, whereas both GnRH1 and GnRH2 are present as neurotransmitters/peptides in various tissues, where the peptides exert many different effects. mRNA coding for GnRH1 and GnRH2 have been described in the human gastrointestinal tract, and GnRH has been found in both submucosal and myenteric neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636735/salivary-epidermal-growth-factor-concentrations-in-patients-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#6
Claudia A Eckley, Marco Antônio Dos Anjos Corvo, Luis Roberto Sardinha, Bianca Liquidato, Luiz Vicente Rizzo
Sjögren syndrome was chosen as a clinical model to study acinar salivary deficiencies in the development of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The objective of this prospective cohort study was to compare salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) concentrations of patients with Sjögren syndrome with and without LPR and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with normal controls. LPR was diagnosed with positive scores on the Reflux Symptom Index and Reflux and Reflux Finding Score, corroborated by esophagogastroduodenoscopy and/or 24-hour pH-metry...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634110/pharmacological-rescue-of-ductal-cftr-rescue-pancreatic-and-salivary-glands-acinar-cells-and-tissue-function-in-mouse-models-of-autoimmune-diseases
#7
Mei Zeng, Mitchell Szymczak, Malini Ahuja, Changyu Zheng, Hongen Yin, William Swaim, John A Chiorini, Robert J Bridges, Shmuel Muallem
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sjögren's syndrome and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are disorders with decreased function of salivary, lacrimal glands, and the exocrine pancreas. NOD/ShiLTJ mice and mice transduced with the cytokine BMP6 develop Sjögren's syndrome and chronic pancreatitis and MRL/Mp mice are models of AIP. CFTR is a ductal Cl(-) channel essential for ductal fluid and HCO3(-) secretion. We used these models to ask: is CFTR expression altered in these diseases, does correction of CFTR correct gland function, and most notably, does correcting ductal function correct acinar function...
June 17, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630417/ultrarapid-measurement-of-diagnostic-antibodies-by-magnetic-capture-of-immune-complexes
#8
Peter D Burbelo, Sreenivasulu Gunti, Jason M Keller, Caryn G Morse, Steven G Deeks, Michail S Lionakis, Amit Kapoor, Qingxue Li, Jeffrey I Cohen, Abner L Notkins, Ilias Alevizos
Rapid point-of-care, antibody-based testing is not currently available for the diagnosis of most autoimmune and infectious diseases. Here we report a simple, robust and ultrafast fluid-phase immunocapture method for clinical measurements of antibody levels. This method employs neodymium magnetic sticks that capture protein A/G-coated paramagnetic beads bound to antibody-luciferase-labeled antigen complexes. We demonstrate the ability to effectively measure specific antibody levels in serum samples from patients with varied infectious or autoimmune disorders, and in the case of Sjögren's syndrome directly in saliva, requiring about a minute per assay...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628467/juvenile-and-adult-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-comparative-study-in-a-large-cohort-from-the-spanish-society-of-rheumatology-lupus-registry-relesser
#9
Vicenç Torrente-Segarra, Tarek Carlos Salman Monte, Iñigo Rúa-Figueroa, Fernando Sánchez-Alonso, Francisco Javier López-Longo, María Galindo-Izquierdo, Jaime Calvo-Alén, Alejandro Olivé-Marqués, Jesús Ibañez-Ruán, Loreto Horcada, Ana Sánchez-Atrio, Carlos Montilla, Rafael Benito Melero González, Elvira Díez-Álvarez, Victor Martinez-Taboada, José Luis Andreu, Olaia Fernández-Berrizbeitia, José Ángel Hernández-Beriain, Marian Gantes, Blanca Hernández-Cruz, Ángela Pecondón-Español, Carlos Marras, Gema Bonilla, José M Pego-Reigosa
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) features and to establish its differences compared to adult-onset SLE (aSLE) from a large national database. METHODS: Data from patients (≥4 ACR criteria) included in Spanish Society of Rheumatology Lupus Registry (RELESSER) were analysed. Sociodemographic, clinical, serological, activity, treatment, cumulative damage, comorbidities and severity data were collected. Patients with disease onset <18 years were described and compared to those with disease onset ≥18 years...
June 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621822/cdna-microarray-analysis-identifies-nr4a2-as-a-novel-molecule-involved-in-the-pathogenesis-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#10
Hiroyuki Takahashi, Hiroto Tsuboi, Hiromitsu Asashima, Tomoya Hirota, Yuya Kondo, Masafumi Moriyama, Isao Matsumoto, Seiji Nakamura, Takayuki Sumida
OBJECTIVE: To examine genes expressed specifically in labial salivary glands (LSGs) of patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in comparison with those of patients with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and to identify the genes involved in the pathogenesis of SS. METHODS: Gene expression in LSGs of SS patients, IgG4-RD patients and healthy controls (HC) was analyzed by cDNA microarray. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to validate the up-regulation of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in SS...
June 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621153/depression-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Yafei Cui, Lin Li, Rulan Yin, Qian Zhao, Shengnan Chen, Qiuxiang Zhang, Biyu Shen
There is substantial uncertainty regarding the prevalence of depression in Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). We conducted a systematic review aiming to evaluate the association of pSS with depression. PubMed, Web of Science, VIP, CNKI and Wanfang database were searched to find the published literatures (from these databases established to October 2016). Studies were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and the qualities of included studies were evaluated. The data was analyzed using Revman5...
June 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620656/oxidative-t-cell-modifications-in-lupus-and-sjogren-s-syndrome
#12
F M Strickland, T Mau, M O'Brien, A Ghosh, B C Richardson, R Yung
OBJECTIVES: Lupus flares are triggered by environmental agents that cause oxidative stress, but the mechanisms involved are unclear. The flares are characterized by oxidative modifications of proteins by 4-hydroxynonenals, malondialdehydes, carbonyls and nitration. These modifications have been proposed to induce and perpetuate lupus flares by "altered self" mechanisms. An epigenetically altered CD4+CD28+ T cell subset, caused at least in part by nitration of T cell signaling molecules, is found in patients with active lupus, and nitrated T cells are sufficient to cause lupus-like autoimmunity in animal models...
April 2017: Lupus (Los Angeles)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610655/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#13
Ana-Luisa Stefanski, Christian Tomiak, Uwe Pleyer, Thomas Dietrich, Gerd Rüdiger Burmester, Thomas Dörner
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome is one of the more common inflammatory rheumatological diseases, with a prevalence of at least 0.4% in Germany. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed. Special attention is drawn to updated classification criteria and current treatment recommendations. RESULTS: Sjögren's syndrome has a wide variety of presentations, ranging from the local involvement of exocrine glands with keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia (the leading signs of the disease) to the systemic, extraglandular involvement of multiple organs...
May 26, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598869/graft-versus-host-disease-what-should-the-oculoplastic-surgeon-know
#14
Cynthia I Tung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a concise review of the oculoplastic manifestations of ocular graft versus host disease (GVHD), and to discuss their management. RECENT FINDINGS: Ocular GVHD occurs as a common immune-mediated complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that presents as a Stevens-Johnson-like syndrome in the acute phase or a Sjögren-like syndrome in the chronic phase. Cicatricial conjunctivitis may be underreported in ocular GVHD. The spectrum of oculoplastic manifestations includes GVHD of the skin, cicatricial entropion, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, and lacrimal gland dysfunction...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595240/toll-like-receptor-7-is-overexpressed-in-the-bladder-of-hunner-type-interstitial-cystitis-and-its-activation-in-the-mouse-bladder-can-induce-cystitis-and-bladder-pain
#15
Koji Ichihara, Naoki Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Akiyama, Jun Kamei, Naoya Masumori, Karl-Erik Andersson, Yukio Homma, Yasuhiko Igawa
Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) is associated with the pathophysiology of systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjögren syndrome, well-known diseases accompanying interstitial cystitis (IC). We studied TLR7 expression in the bladder of patients with Hunner-type IC (HIC) and its functional roles in bladder inflammation and nociception using mice. Bladder biopsy specimens were obtained from patients with HIC. Specimens from the noncancerous portion of the bladder of patients with bladder cancer served as controls. The specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry and real-time polymerase chain reaction of TLR7...
May 6, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593345/exocrine-gland-morphogenesis-insights-into-the-role-of-amphiregulin-from-development-to-disease
#16
REVIEW
Margherita Sisto, Loredana Lorusso, Giuseppe Ingravallo, Sabrina Lisi
Amphiregulin (AREG) is a well-characterized member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family and is one of the ligands of the EGF receptor (EGFR). AREG plays a key role in mammalian development and in the control of branching morphogenesis in various organs. Furthermore, AREG participates in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes activating the major intracellular signalling cascades governing cell survival, proliferation and motility. In this article, we review current advances in exocrine glands morphogenesis, focusing on the salivary gland, and discuss the essential aspects of AREG structure, function and regulation, and its differential role within the EGFR family of ligands...
June 7, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587347/effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-sj%C3%A3-gren-like-mice-and-the-microrna-expression-profiles-of-splenic-cd4-t-cells
#17
Guang-Feng Ruan, Ling Zheng, Jia-Shu Huang, Wan-Xue Huang, Bang-Dong Gong, Xing-Xing Fang, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Jian-Ping Tang
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) serve immuno-regulatory functions and offer a promising novel treatment for certain autoimmune diseases. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of mice bone marrow (BM)-MSCs on mice with relatively late stage of Sjögren-like disease and the impact of BM-MSCs on the microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of splenic CD4+ T cells. Female NOD/Ltj mice were randomized into two groups: The disease group (n=8) and the MSC-treated group (n=8). Female ICR mice served as the healthy control group (n=8)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587293/pathological-analysis-of-ocular-lesions-in-a-murine-model-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#18
Aya Ushio, Rieko Arakaki, Hiroshi Eguchi, Fumika Hotta, Akiko Yamada, Yasusei Kudo, Naozumi Ishimaru
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by severe inflammation of exocrine glands such as the salivary and lacrimal glands. When it affects the lacrimal glands, many patients experience keratoconjunctivitis due to severely dry eyes. This study investigated the pathological and immunological characteristics of ocular lesions in a mouse model of SS. Corneal epithelial injury and hyperplasia were confirmed pathologically. The number of conjunctival mucin-producing goblet cells was significantly decreased in the SS model mice compared with control mice...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585263/combined-interventional-sialendoscopy-and-intraductal-steroid-therapy-for-recurrent-sialadenitis-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-results-of-a-pilot-monocentric-trial
#19
Pasquale Capaccio, Pietro Canzi, Sara Torretta, Veronica Rossi, Marco Benazzo, Anna Bossi, Claudio Vitali, Lorenzo Cavagna, Lorenzo Pignataro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventional sialendoscopy alone or combined with outpatient intraductal steroid irrigations in patients with sialoadenitis due to Sjögren's syndrome (SS). DESIGN: A pilot therapeutic study. SETTING: ENT Clinics, Universities of Milan and Pavia. STUDY POPULATION: We included 22 patients with SS of whom 12 underwent interventional sialendoscopy followed by intraductal steroid irrigations (group A), and 10 interventional sialendoscopy alone (group B)...
June 5, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583168/mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-treating-autoimmune-dacryoadenitis
#20
REVIEW
Xiaoxiao Lu, Xilian Wang, Hong Nian, Dan Yang, Ruihua Wei
Autoimmune dacryoadenitis, such as Sjögren syndrome, comprises multifactorial and complex diseases. Inflammation of the lacrimal gland plays a key role in the pathogenesis of diseases. Unfortunately, current treatment strategies, including artificial tears, anti-inflammatory drugs, punctual occlusion, and immunosuppressive drugs, are only palliative, and long-term administration of these strategies is associated with adverse effects that limit their utility. Hence, an effective and safe treatment for autoimmune dacryoadenitis is urgently needed...
June 5, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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