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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770333/diagnosis-and-incidence-of-spondylosis-and-cervical-disc-disorders-in-the-university-clinical-hospital-in-olsztyn-in-years-2011-2015
#1
Małgorzata Kolenkiewicz, Andrzej Włodarczyk, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
Background: Disorders connected with the musculoskeletal and central nervous system dysfunction are the most significant clinical problem worldwide. Our earlier research has shown that back and spinal disorders and lumbar disc disorders were most frequently diagnosed using MRI scanner at the University Clinical Hospital (UCH) in Olsztyn in years 2011-2015. We have also observed that another two diseases of spinal column, spondylosis and cervical disc disorders, were also very prevalent...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753112/patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain-benefit-from-pain-neuroscience-education-regardless-the-self-reported-signs-of-central-sensitization-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial
#2
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Pain neuroscience education is effective in chronic pain management. Central sensitization (i.e. generalized hypersensitivity) is often explained as underlying mechanism for chronic pain, because of its clinical relevance and influence on pain severity, prognosis, and treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patients with more or fewer symptoms of central sensitization respond differently to pain neuroscience education. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a multicentre, triple-blind randomized controlled trial SETTING: University hospital Ghent and University Hospital Brussels, Belgium...
May 9, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740298/working-memory-updating-training-improves-mathematics-performance-in-middle-school-students-with-learning-difficulties
#3
Hongxia Zhang, Lei Chang, Xiaoying Chen, Liang Ma, Renlai Zhou
Working memory (WM) deficit is considered the key cause of learning difficulties (LDs). Studies have shown that WM is plastic and thus can be improved through training. This positive effect is transferable to fluid intelligence and academic performance. This study investigated whether WM updating ability and academic performance in children with LDs could be improved through WM updating training and explored the effects of this training on the children's brain activity. We used a running memory task lasting approximately 40 min per day for 28 days to train a group of 23 children with LDs (TLDs group)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738874/phonological-processes-in-the-speech-of-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss-comparisons-with-children-with-normal-hearing
#4
Areej Nimer Asad, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard, Liz Fairgray, Caroline Bowen
PURPOSE: In this descriptive study, phonological processes were examined in the speech of children aged 5;0-7;6 (years; months) with mild to profound hearing loss using hearing aids (HAs) and cochlear implants (CIs), in comparison to their peers. A second aim was to compare phonological processes of HA and CI users. METHOD: Children with hearing loss (CWHL, N = 25) were compared to children with normal hearing (CWNH, N = 30) with similar age, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic backgrounds...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737466/clinical-features-of-haff-disease-and-myositis-after-the-consumption-of-boiled-brackish-water-crayfish-a-retrospective-study-of-96-cases-at-a-single-centre
#5
Fei He, Jun Ni, Jun-Ai Huang, Yao Liu, Chao Wu, Jun Wang
The present study describes the difference in clinical features between the patients with Haff disease and crayfish-related myositis (CRM) after crayfish consumption. This was a single-centre, retrospective analysis at the Emergency Department of the Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University School of Medicine from July to August of 2016. The baseline information came from the Electronic Medical Record System at the institution. Totally 96 patients were included, of whom 52 patients were confirmed to have Haff disease and 44 patients were CRM...
May 8, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720469/do-schoolbags-cause-back-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Tiê Parma Yamato, Chris G Maher, Adrian C Traeger, Christopher M Wiliams, Steve J Kamper
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether characteristics of schoolbag use are risk factors for back pain in children and adolescents. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases up to April 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Prospective cohort studies, cross-sectional and randomised controlled trials conducted with children or adolescents. The primary outcome was an episode of back pain and the secondary outcomes were an episode of care seeking and school absence due to back pain...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706157/what-happens-to-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-over-time
#7
EDITORIAL
Helen Minnis
Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is one of the most intriguing syndromes in child and adolescent psychiatry but also one of the least understood. We know little about its developmental course in different groups of children, so I was delighted to see the incisive longitudinal work from the Bucharest Early Intervention Study by Guyon-Harris and colleagues.1 My own interest in DSED was sparked back in the early 1990s, when a travel bug had taken me to Guatemala and I had found a job in an orphanage...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704756/sampling-in-schools-and-large-institutional-buildings-implications-for-regulations-exposure-and-management-of-lead-and-copper
#8
Evelyne Doré, Elise Deshommes, Robert C Andrews, Shokoufeh Nour, Michèle Prévost
Legacy lead and copper components are ubiquitous in plumbing of large buildings including schools that serve children most vulnerable to lead exposure. Lead and copper samples must be collected after varying stagnation times and interpreted in reference to different thresholds. A total of 130 outlets (fountains, bathroom and kitchen taps) were sampled for dissolved and particulate lead as well as copper. Sampling was conducted at 8 schools and 3 institutional (non-residential) buildings served by municipal water of varying corrosivity, with and without corrosion control (CC), and without a lead service line...
April 21, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699039/-correlation-between-both-neck-shoulder-and-low-back-pain-and-daily-behavioral-habits-among-middle-school-students-in-shenzhen
#9
L Zhou, Y Y Huang, D Y Chen, D Zhang, Q S Luo, Y Wang, Y Wu
Objective: To study the relations between neck/shoulder or low back pain and their daily behavioral habits among middle school students in Shenzhen. Methods: We randomly chose 3 952 students from 10 high schools in Shenzhen to complete the questionnaires. Data was gathered and analyzed, using the IBM SPSS 23.0. Results: Of the 3 952 participants, 20.3% had neck/shoulder pain and 15.2% had low back pain. Among students experienced neck/shoulder pain, female (25.3%), high school (24.5%) and boarding students (24...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695447/social-conformity-and-propagation-of-information-in-collective-u-turns-of-fish-schools
#10
Valentin Lecheval, Li Jiang, Pierre Tichit, Clément Sire, Charlotte K Hemelrijk, Guy Theraulaz
Moving animal groups such as schools of fishes or flocks of birds often undergo sudden collective changes of their travelling direction as a consequence of stochastic fluctuations in heading of the individuals. However, the mechanisms by which these behavioural fluctuations arise at the individual level and propagate within a group are still unclear. In this study, we combine an experimental and theoretical approach to investigate spontaneous collective U-turns in groups of rummy-nose tetra ( Hemigrammus rhodostomus ) swimming in a ring-shaped tank...
April 25, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669135/society-of-behavioral-medicine-position-statement-retain-school-meal-standards-and-healthy-school-lunches
#11
Joanna Buscemi, Angela Odoms-Young, Amy L Yaroch, Laura L Hayman, Bernardo Loiacono, Annie Herman, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In 2010, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) altered nutrition standards in the U.S. National School Lunch Program in an attempt to promote healthy eating and improve children's overall health. However, it was reported that these nutrition standard changes were leading to lower consumption of meals and an increase in plate waste. Initial research was unable to validate these reports. Despite these unsubstantiated claims, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released a proposal to roll back some of the nutritional standards implemented by the HHFKA in 2017...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669079/blended-learning-pain-neuroscience-education-for-people-with-chronic-spinal-pain-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial
#12
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Mieke Dolphens, Jo Nijs
Background: Available evidence favors the use of pain neuroscience education (PNE) in patients with chronic pain. However, PNE trials are often limited to small sample sizes and, despite the current digital era, the effects of blended-learning PNE (ie, the combination of online digital media with traditional educational methods) have not yet been investigated. Objective: The study objective was to examine whether blended-learning PNE is able to improve disability, catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668818/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-rotter-s-general-locus-of-control-instrument
#13
Gabriel de Almeida Calado, Isadora Barazzetti Rigon, Jorge Luís Wollstein Moritz, Peter Wolf, Katia Lin
Objective To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the General Locus of Control (GLoC) questionnaire, which measures where people place causation of events in their lives, i.e., if they interpret events as being the result of their own actions or external factors. Methods After translation and back-translation, a multidisciplinary committee judged and elaborated different versions of the GLoC questionnaire, with a focus on conceptual equivalence, content, comprehensibility and adjustment to the Brazilian socioeconomic context...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662685/adaptation-translation-and-reliability-of-the-australian-juniors-enjoying-cricket-safely-injury-risk-perception-questionnaire-for-sri-lanka
#14
Prasanna J Gamage, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
Objectives: Cricket is a very popular sport in Sri Lanka. In this setting there has been limited research; specifically, there is little knowledge of cricket injuries. To support future research possibilities, the aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt, translate and test the reliability of an Australian-developed questionnaire for the Sri Lankan context. Methods: The Australian 'Juniors Enjoying Cricket Safely' (JECS-Aus) injury risk perception questionnaire was cross-culturally adapted to suit the Sri Lankan context and subsequently translated into the two main languages (Sinhala and Tamil) based on standard forward-back translation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650169/the-need-for-first-aid-education-for-adolescents
#15
Nur Amirah Mohd Sharif, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Farrah Ilyani Che Jamaludin, Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi Firdaus
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the need for basic first aid knowledge and skills among adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was conducted among 375 secondary school students in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The survey was adapted from a Hong Kong Red Cross survey. A back to back translation of this instrument was carried out by two bilingual medical experts with Cronbach's alpha 0.8. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) in terms of descriptive analysis, and an independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629784/implementing-the-bounce-back-trauma-intervention-in-urban-elementary-schools-a-real-world-replication-trial
#16
Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Tali Raviv, Anna Maria Ros, Stephanie K Brewer, Laura M L Distel, Stephanie A Torres, Anne K Fuller, Krystal M Lewis, Claire A Coyne, Colleen Cicchetti, Audra K Langley
The current study provides the first replication trial of Bounce Back, a school-based intervention for elementary students exposed to trauma, in a different school district and geographical area. Participants in this study were 52 1st through 4th graders (Mage = 7.76 years; 65% male) who were predominately Latino (82%). Schools were randomly assigned to immediate treatment or waitlist control. Differential treatment effects (Time × Group Interaction) were found for child-reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and parent-reported child coping, indicating that the immediate treatment group showed greater reductions in PTSD and improvements in coping compared with the delayed group...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619391/neck-back-and-shoulder-pains-and-ergonomic-factors-among-dental-students
#17
Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
BACKGROUND: Dynamic and static activities in dentistry cause musculoskeletal disorders, but dental students do not have sufficient awareness about the effects of ergonomic factors on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate ergonomic factors that cause pain muscle in dental students in Kerman Medical University, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis study was carried out on dental students of the 3rd , 4th , 5th , and 6th year, in clinical practice in the School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599265/going-back-to-school-learning-skills-to-improve-business-development
#18
(no author information available yet)
Wendy Furness is a partner at Scarsdale Vets in Derby. With an increasing role in the management of the practice, she completed an Executive MBA, combining studying with her work as an equine vet.
March 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594545/lower-back-and-neck-pain-among-dentistry-students-a-cross-sectional-study-in-dentistry-students-in-northern-greece
#19
Efthimios Samoladas, Christina Barmpagianni, Dimitrios V Papadopoulos, Ioannis D Gelalis
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry students and dentists comprise a unique group of professionals, whose everyday professional activity requires long hours of standing and working in a position considered unhealthy for the lower back and neck. Our aim was to explore the factors involved in the appearance of low back and neck pain in dentistry students as well as the impact of the pain on the students' professional and everyday activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was given to all dentistry students of the 4th and 5th year of our university...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592818/social-support-needs-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Graham Toth, Gitau Mburu, Sovannary Tuot, Vohith Khol, Chanrith Ngin, Pheak Chhoun, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Understanding the circumstances of adolescents living with HIV is critical in designing adolescent-friendly services that will facilitate successful transition from pediatric to adult care. This study describes access, utilization and ongoing social support needs among adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17 in transition from pediatric to adult HIV care in Cambodia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 328 adolescents, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics across the country...
March 28, 2018: AIDS Research and Therapy
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