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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332556/-back-off-buddy-this-is-my-body-not-yours-empowering-girls-through-self-defense
#1
Jan Jordan, Elaine Mossman
Although growing recognition is being given to the benefits of teaching self-defense skills to college women, very little research attention has considered the impacts of providing such courses to school-aged girls. This article presents the findings from a large-scale evaluation of self-defense programs provided to three different age groups of schoolgirls from diverse backgrounds in New Zealand, drawing on survey responses from the girls themselves, supplemented by qualitative data provided by key informant interviews with their school and self-defense teachers...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326189/period-prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequent-injuries-of-falling-among-the-saudi-elderly-living-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Faisal Yousef Almegbel, Ibrahim Muthyib Alotaibi, Faisal Ahmed Alhusain, Emad M Masuadi, Salma Lafyan Al Sulami, Amairah Fahad Aloushan, Bashayer Ibrahim Almuqbil
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 28% to 35% of people aged 65 and over fall each year. The consequent injuries of falls are considered a major public health problem. Falls account for more than half of injury-related hospitalisations among old people. The aim of this study was to measure a 1-year period prevalence of falling among old people in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In addition, this study described the most common risk factors and consequent injuries of falls. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Riyadh, using a convenient sampling...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321711/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-dsm-5-social-anxiety-disorder-severity-scale-child-form
#3
Şermin Yalin Sapmaz, Dilek Ergin, Nesrin Şen Celasin, Duygu Karaarslan, Masum Öztürk, Handan Özek Erkuran, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
Introduction: This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of Mental Disorders. (5th ed.) (DSM-5) Social Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale- Child Form. Method: The scale was prepared by carrying out the translation and back translation of the DSM-5 Social Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale - Child Form. The study group consisted of 31 patients that had been treated in a child psychiatry unit and diagnosed with social anxiety disorder and 99 healthy volunteers that were attending middle or high school during the study period...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317179/-adaptation-and-study-of-the-measurement-properties-of-a-sleep-questionnaire-for-infants-and-pre-school-children
#4
Pia Cassanello, Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Nuria Gorina, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Jose M Martínez-Sanchez, Albert Balaguer
INTRODUCTION: Although sleep disturbances in infants and toddlers are common, there is no suitable validated tool in Spanish to evaluate sleep disorders. The Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) is a well-established multidimensional questionnaire widely used internationally. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the BISQ questionnaire to Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity. To explore its feasibility, both in the clinical context, and in epidemiological research...
January 6, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298958/langevin-dynamics-encapsulate-the-microscopic-and-emergent-macroscopic-properties-of-midge-swarms
#5
A M Reynolds
In contrast to bird flocks, fish schools and animal herds, midge swarms maintain cohesion but do not possess global order. High-speed imaging techniques are now revealing that these swarms have surprising properties. Here, I show that simple models found on the Langevin equation are consistent with this wealth of recent observations. The models predict correctly that large accelerations, exceeding 10 g, will be common and they predict correctly the coexistence of core condensed phases surrounded by dilute vapour phases...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298699/menstrual-health-and-school-absenteeism-among-adolescent-girls-in-uganda-meniscus-a-feasibility-study
#6
George Miiro, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Kevin Nakuya, Saidat Musoke, Juliet Namakula, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, Lorna J Gibson, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings. In preparation for a menstrual hygiene intervention to reduce school absenteeism in Uganda, this study aimed to investigate menstruation management practices, barriers and facilitators, and the influence of menstruation on school absenteeism among secondary school students in a peri-urban district of Uganda. METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative studies were conducted among consenting girls and boys aged 14-17 years in four secondary schools in Entebbe sub-District, Uganda...
January 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276481/is-8-30-a-m-still-too-early-to-start-school-a-10-00-a-m-school-start-time-improves-health-and-performance-of-students-aged-13-16
#7
Paul Kelley, Steven W Lockley, Jonathan Kelley, Mariah D R Evans
While many studies have shown the benefits of later school starts, including better student attendance, higher test scores, and improved sleep duration, few have used starting times later than 9:00 a.m. Here we report on the implementation and impact of a 10 a.m. school start time for 13 to 16-year-old students. A 4-year observational study using a before-after-before (A-B-A) design was carried out in an English state-funded high school. School start times were changed from 8:50 a.m. in study year 0, to 10 a...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261541/the-medical-school-admissions-process-and-meeting-the-public-s-health-care-needs-never-the-twain-shall-meet
#8
Jennifer Cleland
Medical schools typically assess how good their selection process is using metrics such as students' assessment performance and the academic success of alumni on later indicators of academic ability and clinical competence, such as Royal College of Physicians or specialty board examinations. To address global issues with the maldistribution of doctors and increasing numbers of new medical school graduates choosing not to work in a clinical context requires different measurements of medical school admissions processes, like those related to graduates' career outcomes (e...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236526/effects-of-varying-color-imagery-and-text-of-cigarette-package-warning-labels-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-middle-school-youth-and-adult-smokers
#9
Sahara Byrne, Amelia Greiner Safi, Deena Kemp, Christofer Skurka, Julie Davydova, Leah Scolere, Alan D Mathios, Rosemary J Avery, Michael C Dorf, Joseph Steinhardt, Jeff Niederdeppe
The U.S. Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act) of 2009 paved the way for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to propose nine different graphic warning labels (GWLs) intended for prominent placement on the front and back of cigarette packs and on cigarette advertisements. Those GWLs were adjudicated as unconstitutional on the ground that they unnecessarily infringed tobacco companies' free speech without sufficiently advancing the government's public health interests. This study examines whether less extensive alternatives to the original full-color GWLs, including black-and-white GWLs and text-only options, have similar or divergent effects on visual attention, negative affect, and health risk beliefs...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215504/is-health-related-quality-of-life-decreased-in-adolescents-with-back-pain
#10
Tatiana Rehder Gonçalves, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Rosely Sichieri, Diana Barbosa Cunha
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the association between back pain and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adolescents. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The prevalence of back pain has been increasing not only in the adult population but also among children and adolescents. The better knowledge about the association between back pain and health-related quality of life could facilitate the implementation of new intervention strategies on prevention and treatment of back pain...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214940/-school-attendance-of-children-with-mental-health-problems
#11
Michael Kölch, Daria Nolkemper
School Attendance of Children with Mental Health Problems School can support a child's resilience as well as be a risk to the child's mental health. However school is an indicator of social participation, an aspect that flourished especially in the debate about inclusion. In this paper assistance opportunities are being discussed that are established to support children with a psychological disease in school. Three of the different concepts of funding priorities for special educational needs in the German system will be presented: "Förderschwerpunkt emotionale und soziale Entwicklung" (special needs in emotional and social development), "besonderer Förderbedarf "(special needs) and "Schulbegleitung" (school assistants)...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211177/individual-factors-associated-to-malocclusion-in-adolescents
#12
Adriana Gama Rebouças, Luciane Zanin, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Flávia Martão Flório
The study aimed to identify the severity of malocclusions and associated factors among Brazilian adolescents. Data from 5,445 adolescents participating in the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) were evaluated, of which 4,276 were included in the study based on the inclusion criteria. The dependent variable was severe and very severe malocclusion, according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI > 30). The independent variables were place of residence, macro-region, self-reported ethnicity, income, gender, schooling, access to dental care, untreated caries and front and back teeth loss due to caries...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202661/effects-of-backpack-load-and-positioning-on-nonlinear-gait-features-in-young-adults
#13
Fábio Barbosa Rodrigues, Rina Márcia Magnani, Georgia Cristina Lehnen, Gustavo Souto de Sá E Souza, Adriano O Andrade, Marcus Fraga Vieira
Overloaded backpacks can cause changes in posture and gait dynamic balance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess gait regularity and local dynamic stability in young adults as they carried a backpack in different positions, and with different loads. Twenty-one healthy young adults participated in the study, carrying a backpack that was loaded with 10% and 20% of their body weight (BW). The participants walked on a level treadmill at their preferred walking speeds for 4 min under different conditions of backpack load and position (i...
December 5, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195637/professional-confidence-among-swedish-final-year-midwifery-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lena Bäck, Bharati Sharma, Annika Karlström, Katarina Tunon, Ingegerd Hildingsson
OBJECTIVE: Previous international studies have shown that midwifery students do not feel confident in many areas where they are supposed to practice independently. The knowledge about Swedish midwifery students' confidence is fairly under investigated. The purpose of the present study was to explore final years' midwifery students' professional confidence in basic midwifery skills according to ICM competencies and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey where all midwifery programs in Sweden were invited to participate...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192618/how-children-perceive-the-acoustic-environment-of-their-school
#15
Karl Jonas Brännström, Erika Johansson, Daniel Vigertsson, David J Morris, Birgitta Sahlén, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander
OBJECTIVE: Children's own ratings and opinions on their schools sound environments add important information on noise sources. They can also provide information on how to further improve and optimize children's learning situation in their classrooms. This study reports on the Swedish translation and application of an evidence-based questionnaire that measures how children perceive the acoustic environment of their school. STUDY DESIGN: The Swedish version was made using a back-to-back translation...
March 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191701/back-pain-and-body-posture-evaluation-instrument-for-adults-expansion-and-reproducibility
#16
Cláudia Tarragô Candotti, Emanuelle Francine Detogni Schmit, Luiza Rampi Pivotto, Eduardo Gonçalves Raupp, Matias Noll, Adriane Vieira, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
The aim of this study was to propose, validate, and test the reproducibility of an expanded version of the Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument (BackPEI), originally designed to assess back pain in school-aged children, for use with adults. Five questions from the original BackPEI were replaced, resulting in the revised instrument (BackPEI-A) containing 20 questions. Three experts checked the content validity of the revised instrument, and the reproducibility was tested by trialing the questionnaire with 154 adults...
November 27, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184492/functional-brain-imaging-synthesis-based-on-image-decomposition-and-kernel-modeling-application-to-neurodegenerative-diseases
#17
Francisco J Martinez-Murcia, Juan M Górriz, Javier Ramírez, Ignacio A Illán, Fermín Segovia, Diego Castillo-Barnes, Diego Salas-Gonzalez
The rise of neuroimaging in research and clinical practice, together with the development of new machine learning techniques has strongly encouraged the Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) of different diseases and disorders. However, these algorithms are often tested in proprietary datasets to which the access is limited and, therefore, a direct comparison between CAD procedures is not possible. Furthermore, the sample size is often small for developing accurate machine learning methods. Multi-center initiatives are currently a very useful, although limited, tool in the recruitment of large populations and standardization of CAD evaluation...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182886/school-nurses-on-the-front-lines-of-medicine-take-a-breath-the-approach-to-a-student-with-respiratory-distress
#18
Morgann Loaec, Robert P Olympia
Students presenting with varying degrees of respiratory symptoms and distress occur commonly in the school setting. It is important to develop a differential diagnosis for respiratory distress, to initiate stabilization of the student with life-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow up at their primary health care provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via Emergency Medical Services)...
November 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171979/influence-of-a-dynamic-seating-habit-on-lumbar-motor-control-in-schoolchildren
#19
T Fettweis, M N Onkelinx, C Schwartz, C Demoulin, J L Croisier, M Vanderthommen
BACKGROUND: Adequate motor control is considered important for spinal stability and the prevention of low back pain in adulthood and in childhood. OBJECTIVE: Given that the sitting position can affect proprioception, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of using at school a triangular and dynamic cushion on schoolchildren's trunk motor control. METHODS: Thirty 8-year-old schoolchildren were randomized into a control group (n= 15) and a "cushion group" (n= 15), in which the children used the cushion for one year and a half...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#20
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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