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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909807/german-validation-of-the-bidq-s-questionnaire-on-body-image-disturbance-in-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Mark Wetterkamp, Meinald T Thielsch, Georg Gosheger, Patrick Boertz, Jan Henrik Terheyden, Tobias L Schulte
PURPOSE: The Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire-Scoliosis (BIDQ-S) is a seven-item questionnaire inquiring into patients' worries about back shape and associated problems at school, at work, with friends or family, and whether the patients are avoiding certain activities. The aim of this study was to translate the BIDQ-S into German (G-BIDQ-S), test its reliability, and establish its convergent, divergent, concurrent, and discriminant validity. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 259 patients with idiopathic scoliosis (mean age 30...
December 1, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901240/prevalence-of-chronic-spinal-pain-and-identification-of-associated-factors-in-a-sample-of-the-population-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jidiene Dylese Presecatan Depintor, Eduardo Sawaya Botelho Bracher, Dayane Maia Costa Cabral, José Eluf-Neto
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic spinal pain, especially low-back pain and neck pain, is a leading cause of years of life with disability. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of chronic spinal pain among individuals aged 15 years or older and to identify the factors associated with it. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional epidemiological study on a sample of the population of the city of São Paulo. METHOD: Participants were selected using random probabilistic sampling and data were collected via face-to-face interviews...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900168/the-most-physically-active-danish-adolescents-are-at-increased-risk-for-developing-spinal-pain-a-two-year-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Ellen Aartun, Eleanor Boyle, Jan Hartvigsen, Paulo H Ferreira, Christopher G Maher, Manuela L Ferreira, Lise Hestbaek
BACKGROUND: The overall aim of this study was to determine to what extent objectively measured physical activity in a school-based sample aged 11-13 years predicted incident cases of spinal pain (neck pain, mid back pain or low back pain) over the following 2 years. METHODS: Data were collected at baseline (2010) and 2 years later in a school-based prospective cohort study. Spinal pain was assessed via an e-survey that the participants completed during school time...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#4
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893248/can-student-engagement-serve-as-a-motivational-resource-for-academic-coping-persistence-and-learning-during-late-elementary-and-early-middle-school
#5
Ellen A Skinner, Jennifer R Pitzer, Joel S Steele
How children and youth deal with academic challenges and setbacks can make a material difference to their learning and school success. Hence, it is important to investigate the factors that allow students to cope constructively. A process model focused on students' motivational resources was used to frame a study examining whether engagement in the classroom shapes students' academic coping, and whether coping in turn contributes to subsequent persistence on challenging tasks and learning, which then feed back into ongoing engagement...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882710/john-porter-book-prize-lecture-bringing-the-social-back-in-on-the-integration-of-muslim-immigrants-and-the-jurisprudence-of-muslim-minorities
#6
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872037/internet-based-delivery-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth-a-case-study
#7
Christine M Markham, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Gwenda Gorman, Jennifer Torres, William E Lambert, Alexander V Prokhorov, Leslie Miller, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Robert C Addy, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth. Although Internet access is variable in AI/AN communities across the United States, it is swiftly and steadily improving, and it may provide a viable strategy to disseminate evidence-based health promotion programs to this underserved population...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853947/prior-video-game-utilization-is-associated-with-improved-performance-on-a-robotic-skills-simulator
#8
Andrew C Harbin, Kumar S Nadhan, James H Mooney, Daohai Yu, Joshua Kaplan, Nora McGinley-Hence, Andrew Kim, Yiming Gu, Daniel D Eun
Laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, two forms of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), have recently experienced a large increase in utilization. Prior studies have shown that video game experience (VGE) may be associated with improved laparoscopic surgery skills; however, similar data supporting a link between VGE and proficiency on a robotic skills simulator (RSS) are lacking. The objective of our study is to determine whether volume or timing of VGE had any impact on RSS performance. Pre-clinical medical students completed a comprehensive questionnaire detailing previous VGE across several time periods...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812855/-mr-cummings-clearly-does-not-understand-the-science-of-genetics-and-should-maybe-go-back-to-school-on-the-subject-an-exploratory-content-analysis-of-the-online-comments-beneath-a-controversial-news-story
#9
Madeline Crosswaite, Kathryn Asbury
An article published in the UK Guardian on 11/10/2013 with the headline 'Genetics outweighs teaching, Gove advisor tells his boss' reported a leaked document written by special advisor Dominic Cummings to the then UK Secretary of State for Education, Michael Gove. The article generated 3008 on-line reader comments from the public. These reader comments offer a naturalistic opportunity to understand public opinion regarding Cummings' controversial suggestions and ideas. We conducted a content analysis of n = 800 reader comments, coding them on the basis of level of agreement with the ideas and opinions expressed in the article...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802557/pregnancy-research-on-osteopathic-manipulation-optimizing-treatment-effects-the-promote-study-protocol
#10
Kendi L Hensel, Michael S Carnes, Scott T Stoll
The structural and physiologic changes in a woman's body during pregnancy can predispose pregnant women to low back pain and its associated disability, as well as to complications of pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Anecdotal and empirical evidence has indicated that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may be efficacious in improving pain and functionality in women who are pregnant. Based on that premise, the Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was designed as a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, and blinded clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of an OMT protocol for pain during third-trimester pregnancy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802253/do-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-benefit-from-early-intervention-regarding-absence-from-work-a-randomized-controlled-single-center-pilot-study
#11
Anja Davis Norbye, Aina Vedvik Omdal, Marit Eikrem Nygaard, Ulla Romild, Guttorm Eldøen, Rune Midgard
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, single-center pilot study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of running a trial to explore if early intervention in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP) would lead to an early return to work (RTW) and reduce sick leave during 12 months of follow-up compared with patients on a 3-month waiting list. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Back pain is the reason for numerous absent days from work...
November 1, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800456/successful-lung-transplant-after-prolonged-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-in-a-child-with-pulmonary-hypertension-a-case-report
#12
Cecile Tissot, Walid Habre, Paola Soccal, Maja Isabel Hug, Dominique Bettex, Michel Pellegrini, Yacine Aggoun, Anne Mornand, Afksendyios Kalangos, Peter Rimensberger, Maurice Beghetti
INTRODUCTION: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is considered a risk factor for, or even a potential contraindication to, lung transplantation. However, only a few pediatric cases have been described thus far. CASE PRESENTATION: A 9-year-old boy with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension developed cardiac arrest after the insertion of a central catheter. ECMO was used as a bridge to lung transplantation. However, after prolonged resuscitation, he developed medullary ischemia and medullary syndrome...
August 2016: Research in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799699/effectiveness-of-the-back-school-program-for-the-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-users-of-a-basic-health-unit-in-porto-alegre-brazil
#13
Patrícia Thurow Bartz, Adriane Vieira, Matias Noll, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti
[Purpose] Primary care is considered the gateway to the Brazilian public health system and is responsible for managing the most prevalent problems in the population. In this study, the effects of Back School on pain, functionality, and the performance of activities of daily living (ADL) in users with chronic musculoskeletal pain were evaluated. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-four users (33 females and 11 males) participated in Back School, with five two-hour theoretical and practical meetings held once a week...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795966/linguistic-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-original-oral-health-literacy-adult-questionnaire-ohl-aq
#14
Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Linguistically adapted oral health literacy tools are helpful to assess oral health literacy among local population with clarity and understandability. The original oral health literacy adult questionnaire, Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire, was given in English (2013), consisting of 17 items under 4 domains. The present study rationalizes to culturally adapt and validate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi language. Thus, we objectified to translate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi and test its psychometric properties like reliability and validity among primary school teachers...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792023/effect-of-variable-backpack-load%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-strap%C3%A2-option-on-the-pulmonary-function-of-children-a-simulation-using-treadmill-walking
#15
U O Abaraogu, E B Kizito, U A C Okafor, G C Okoye
BACKGROUND: The restrictive effect of backpack loads on chest expansion has been widely reported but little is known whether pulmonary function in children is affected by the placement of the straps of the backpack. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of strap configuration and backpack loads on pulmonary function among school age children. METHODS: Eighteen children (mean age of 12±1.68 years) participated in this study. Pulmonary functionwas assessed using spirometryat baseline and during five test conditions...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790167/-to-be-or-not-to-be-retained-%C3%A2-that-s-the-question-retention-self-esteem-self-concept-achievement-goals-and-grades
#16
Francisco Peixoto, Vera Monteiro, Lourdes Mata, Cristina Sanches, Joana Pipa, Leandro S Almeida
Keeping students back in the same grade - retention - has always been a controversial issue in Education, with some defending it as a beneficial remedial practice and others arguing against its detrimental effects. This paper undertakes an analysis of this issue, focusing on the differences in student motivation and self-related variables according to their retention related status, and the interrelationship between retention and these variables. The participants were 695 students selected from two cohorts (5th and 7th graders) of a larger group of students followed over a 3-year project...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785478/outcome-of-intensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-and-bracing-in-an-adult-patient-with-scheuermann-s-disease-evaluated-by-radiologic-imaging-a-case-report
#17
Hagit Berdishevsky
BACKGROUND: No studies examine the efficacy of intensive specific physical therapy (PT) exercises along with brace for the adult with Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intensive PT based on the Barcelona Scoliosis Physical Therapy School (BSPTS) and SpinoMed brace on a 76-year-old female with SK. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 76-year-old female, diagnosed with SK as an adolescent, presented in October 2014 with thoracic hyperkyphosis T1 to T12 Cobb angle of 85° and lumbar hyper lordosis L1 to L5 Cobb angle of 70°...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783013/medical-student-mentorship-in-plastic-surgery-the-mentor-s-perspective
#18
Jeffrey E Janis, Jenny C Barker
BACKGROUND: The reproducible benefits of mentoring to mentees have been studied extensively. However, insights from the mentor perspective are less well described. This study evaluates mentorship of plastic surgery medical students from the attending surgeon's perspective. A comparison is made with a previous publication evaluating mentorship from the medical student's perspective. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to 1025 active members of the American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons (ACAPS) and the American Association of Plastic Surgeons (AAPS), with a combined response rate of 23 percent...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779316/work-related-illness-and-injury-claims-among-nationally-certified-athletic-trainers-reported-to-washington-and-california-from-2001-to-2011
#19
Kristen L Kucera, Karen G Roos, Jennifer M Hootman, Hester J Lipscomb, John M Dement, Barbara A Silverstein
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the work-related injury and illnesses experienced by certified athletic trainers (AT). METHODS: The incidence and characteristics of injury/illness claims filed in two workers' compensation systems were described from 2001 to 2011. Yearly populations at risk were estimated from National Athletic Trainers' Association membership statistics. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were reported by job setting. RESULTS: Claims were predominantly for traumatic injuries and disorders (82...
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777550/benefits-of-an-outreach-education-coordinator-a-burn-center-s-experience
#20
K A Hollowed, T E Travis, M H Jordan, J W Shupp
Education of first responders and referring medical professionals is considered vital to high-quality burn care. Prior to 1999, the community education program at The Burn Center of MedStar Washington Hospital Center (MWHC) was staffed by ICU nurses who volunteered their time. As the program became more popular in the mid-1990s, the requests for lectures exceeded the capacity of a volunteer program. A request to hospital administration for a full-time education coordinator position was rejected in the climate of budget cut-backs and declining reimbursement...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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