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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709386/health-complaints-in-late-adolescence-frequency-factor-structure-and-the-association-with-socio-economic-status
#1
Solbjørg Makalani Myrtveit Sæther, Børge Sivertsen, Siren Haugland, Tormod Bøe, Mari Hysing
AIMS: Little is known about social disparities in health in late adolescence. Among boys and girls aged 17-19, we aimed to (1) describe frequency of health complaints, (2) investigate the factor structure of health complaints and (3) examine the association between health complaints and socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: Data from the large population-based youth@hordaland survey ( n=10,253) were used. Health complaints were assessed by five items from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Symptoms Checklist, SES by parental education and perceived family economy...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693453/an-account-of-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-nigeria-implications-and-lessons-learnt
#2
Akaninyene Otu, Soter Ameh, Egbe Osifo-Dawodu, Enoma Alade, Susan Ekuri, Jide Idris
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak remains unprecedented both in the number of cases, deaths and geographic scope. The first case of EVD was confirmed in Lagos Nigeria on 23 July 2014 and spread to involve 19 laboratory-confirmed EVD cases. The EVD cases were not limited to Lagos State as Rivers State recorded 2 confirmed cases of EVD with 1 out of the 2 dying. Swift implementation of public health measures were sufficient to forestall a country -wide spread of this dreaded disease...
July 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690687/the-role-of-nonverbal-working-memory-in-morphosyntactic-processing-by-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Susan Ellis Weismer, Meghan M Davidson, Ishanti Gangopadhyay, Heidi Sindberg, Hettie Roebuck, Margarita Kaushanskaya
BACKGROUND: Both children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children with specific language impairment (SLI) have been shown to have difficulties with grammatical processing. A comparison of these two populations with neurodevelopmental disorders was undertaken to examine similarities and differences in the mechanisms that may underlie grammatical processing. Research has shown that working memory (WM) is recruited during grammatical processing. The goal of this study was to examine morphosyntactic processing on a grammatical judgment task in children who varied in clinical diagnosis and language abilities and to assess the extent to which performance is predicted by nonverbal working memory (WM)...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690567/the-construct-validity-of-the-german-academic-self-regulation-questionnaire-srq-a-within-primary-and-secondary-school-children
#4
Julia Kröner, Christina Goussios, Caroline Schaitz, Judith Streb, Zrinka Sosic-Vasic
The assessment of students' motivation can be a powerful tool in enhancing and understanding students' learning. One valid and often applied self-report measure is the Academic Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ-A) which is grounded in the self-determination theory. However, to date, there is still no German equivalent to the English version of this questionnaire. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to adapt and validate the SRQ-A on a representative German student sample, consisting of 672 children (327 girls), ages 8-14 from one primary and two secondary German schools...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676771/differences-in-executive-functioning-in-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#5
M Rosa Elosúa, Sandra Del Olmo, María José Contreras
In recent years, the interest in Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and its relation to deficits in working memory (WM) and more specifically the different executive functions (EFs) has grown, to the point of confirming that these are quite frequent in this disorder. The aim of this study was precisely to explore differences in executive functioning of WM in fourth grade Primary school children with and without ADHD (26 and 29 children, respectively), introducing rigorous control measures in the tests used...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671513/historic-leadership-one-courageous-school-nurse-s-heroic-journey-part-4
#6
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 4 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
July 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669158/reliability-and-validity-of-the-malay-version-of-a-modified-smoking-self-efficacy-questionnaire-among-bruneian-secondary-students
#7
Tajidah Talip, Nurolaini Kifli, Lin Naing
Introduction: The 12-items Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SEQ-12) has been shown to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess confidence in one’s ability to refrain from smoking. However, although such measures have been validated worldwide, most of them have not been culturally and linguistically adapted for use among Malay communities. The objective of this study was therefore to modify the SEQ-12 according to the Bruneian context for cultural adaptation for use among Bruneian adolescents, and assess the validity and reliability of the Malay translated version among secondary students...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656478/autoantibodies-against-myelin-sheath-and-s100%C3%AE-are-associated-with-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Talita Siara Almeida Baptista, Laura Esteves Petersen, Julia K Molina, Tatiana de Nardi, Andréa Wieck, Aline do Prado, Deise Marcela Piovesan, Mauro Keisermann, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Moisés Evandro Bauer
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been associated with cognitive impairment and peripheral production of autoantibodies. Autoantibodies against central nervous system (CNS) proteins and S100 calcium-binding β (S100β) were found increased in diseases characterized by cognitive impairment like Alzheimer disease and Neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (NPSLE). The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma levels of autoantibodies against myelin basic protein (anti-MBP), myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (anti-MOG) and S100β, and their relationships with cognitive performance in RA patients...
June 27, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#9
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631970/computerized-neuropsychological-test-performance-of-youth-football-players-at-different-positions-a-comparison-of-high-and-low-contact-players
#10
William T Tsushima, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Andrea M Siu, Tama Fukuyama, Nathan M Murata
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of head impact frequency on the neuropsychological test results of football players who participate in different positions on the team. Based on the biomechanical measures of head impact frequency reported in high school football, a High Contact group (n = 480) consisting of offensive and defensive linemen was compared with a Low Contact group (n = 640) comprised of receivers and defensive backs. The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained poorer performances on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) on three Composite scores (Verbal Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control) and the Total Symptom score compared to the Low Contact group...
February 28, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608176/late-bedtimes-short-sleeping-time-and-longtime-video-game-playing-are-associated-with-low-back-pain-in-school-aged-athletes
#11
Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Low back pain is a significant problem for school-aged athletes. Although some risk factors relating to sports activities have been reported, the effect of lifestyles on low back pain in school-aged athletes is not clear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the association between lifestyles, such as wake-up time, bedtime, sleeping time, and TV-viewing or video-game-playing time per day and low back pain of school-aged athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with school-aged athletes (aged 6-15 years, n = 6441) using a self-reported questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression models were used for analyses...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598040/doing-the-research-that-informs-practice-a-retrospective-view-of-one-group-s-attempt-to-study-the-teaching-and-learning-of-organic-chemistry
#12
George M Bodner, Rob Ferguson, Selçuk Çalimsiz
The idea that the focus of educational research should be on results that can inform the practice of teaching has been an implicit assumption for so many years that one would be hard-pressed to trace it back to an individual source. At one time, the people doing such research in STEM disciplines were faculty in schools or colleges of education who focused on K-12 classrooms and looked for ideas, concepts, and principles that would be valid across a range of STEM disciplines. Eventually, this research was done on college- or university-level students, as well, and there was a shift toward what has been called discipline-based educational research (DBER) that looks at the problems associated with the teaching and learning of a given discipline, such as chemistry...
June 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594579/-from-snail-mode-to-rocket-ship-mode-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-of-returning-to-work-and-school-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#13
Eden R Brauer, Huibrie C Pieters, Patricia A Ganz, Wendy Landier, Carol Pavlish, MarySue V Heilemann
PURPOSE: Resuming normal activities, such as work and school, is an important dimension of psychosocial recovery in cancer survivorship. Minimal data exist regarding adolescents or young adults' experiences of returning to school or work after cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the processes of resuming work and school among adolescents and young adults after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 adolescents and young adults, who were 15-29 years when they underwent HCT and 6-60 months post-transplant at study enrollment...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593303/factors-in-early-adolescence-associated-with-a-mole-prone-phenotype-in-late-adolescence
#14
Haoming Xu, Michael A Marchetti, Stephen W Dusza, Esther Chung, Maira Fonseca, Alon Scope, Alan C Geller, Marilyn Bishop, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Allan C Halpern
Importance: Nevi are important phenotypic risk factors for melanoma in adults. Few studies have examined the constitutional and behavioral factors associated with a mole-prone phenotype in adolescents. Objective: To identify host, behavioral, and dermoscopic factors in early adolescence (age, 14 years) that are associated with a mole-prone phenotype in late adolescence (age, 17 years). Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective observational cohort study from the Study of Nevi in Children was conducted from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2014, with a 2- to 3-year follow-up...
June 7, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589173/prevalence-impact-and-management-practice-of-dysmenorrhea-among-university-of-gondar-students-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Minaleshewa Biruk Gebeyehu, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Dagmawi Abate Andarge, Yabsira Belayneh Debay, Geremew Sokile Bejiga, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is an important health problem of adolescents in school, as well as health practitioners, that badly affects the daily activities and quality of life. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and assess its management practice among University of Gondar students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done from April 06 to May 08, 2016, on female students of University of Gondar. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe and assess the association between different variables...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585474/family-experience-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-1-the-most-distressing-situations
#16
Margarida Custódio Dos Santos, Ana Filipa Pires, Kelly Soares, Luísa Barros
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and increased bone fragility. Despite increasing research on the biomedical aspects of the disease, only a few studies focus on the psychosocial implications of living with OI. This study aimed to explore the situations that are perceived by OI type-1 children, their parents and siblings, as being the most distressing and stressful in their experience with the disease. METHODS: Seven families of children diagnosed with OI type 1 for longer than four years participated...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562699/sociodemographic-characteristics-of-indigenous-population-according-to-the-2000-and-2010-brazilian-demographic-censuses-a-comparative-approach
#17
João Luiz Bastos, Ricardo Ventura Santos, Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, Luciene Aparecida Ferreira de Barros Longo, Leandro Okamoto da Silva
The sociodemographic profiles of different segments of the Brazilian population have been the object of multiple inter-census comparisons. This study compared the age distribution, number of household residents, formal schooling, and income of indigenous persons according to the population censuses of 2000 and 2010. There was an important decrease in the number of residents per occupied household, and slight aging of the indigenous population, except in the urban North. Meanwhile, there was a proportional increase in individuals with per capita household income up to one minimum wage, along with a reduction in the income bracket of more than two minimum wages in the country's five major geographic regions, in both urban and rural areas...
May 25, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562186/the-appropriateness-of-training-exposures-for-match-play-preparation-in-adolescent-schoolboy-and-academy-rugby-union-players
#18
Padraic J Phibbs, Ben Jones, Dale B Read, Gregory A B Roe, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon J S Weakley, Andrew Rock, Kevin Till
The aim of this study was to compare the physical and movement demands between training and match-play in schoolboy and academy adolescent rugby union (RU) players. Sixty-one adolescent male RU players (mean ± SD; age 17.0 ± 0.7 years) were recruited from four teams representing school and regional academy standards. Players were categorised into four groups based on playing standard and position: schoolboy forwards (n = 15), schoolboy backs (n = 15), academy forwards (n = 16) and academy backs (n = 15)...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549469/are-children-participating-in-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention-more-physically-active
#19
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a curriculum-based approach to teaching that has shown positive associations with children's physical activity and academic learning in small-scale case studies. The purpose of this large-scale quasi-experimental study was to determine if children who participate regularly in EOtC spend more time being physically active than children who do not. METHODS: In the 2014/2015 study TEACHOUT, classes were recruited in pairs such that each EOtC class had a non-EOtC comparison class at the same school and grade level...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546785/on-religious-and-secular-exemptions-a-case-study-of-childhood-vaccination-waivers
#20
Roland Pierik
This paper analyses exemptions to general law through the prism of vaccine waivers in the United States. All US states legally require the vaccination of children prior to school or daycare entry; however, this obligation is accompanied with a system of medical, religious, and/or philosophical exemptions. Nonmedical exemptions became subject of discussion after the 2015 Disneyland measles outbreak in California, which unequivocally brought to light what had been brewing below the surface for a while: a slow but steady decline in vaccination rates in Western societies, resulting in the reoccurrence of measles outbreaks...
April 2017: Ethnicities
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