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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148322/the-health-care-job-engine-where-do-they-come-from-and-what-do-they-say-about-our-future
#1
Bianca K Frogner
Health care has been cited as a job engine for the U.S. economy. This study used the Current Population Survey to examine the sector and occupation shifts that underlie this growth trend. Health care has had a cyclical relationship with retail trade, leisure and hospitality, education, and professional services. The entering workforce has been increasingly taking on low-skilled occupations. The exiting workforce has not been necessarily retiring or going back to school, but appeared to be leaving without a job, with potentially more child care duties, and with high rates of disability and poverty levels...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131705/early-education-and-employment-outcomes-after-cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Silja Kosola, Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Lisa M Orme, Sarah Drew, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study describes the early educational and vocational outcomes of Australian adolescents and young adults (AYAs) after cancer diagnosis and examines factors associated with these outcomes. METHODS: Within this cross-sectional national Australian study, 196 AYAs aged 15-25 years at cancer diagnosis and within 6-24 months of diagnosis were recruited from 18 sites. Participants completed a survey that included questions about school and work outcomes, support received regarding necessary changes to education and vocation, and validated measures of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121556/the-efficacy-of-interventions-for-low-back-pain-in-nurses-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Wannes Van Hoof, Kieran O'Sullivan, Mary O'Keeffe, Sabine Verschueren, Peter O'Sullivan, Wim Dankaerts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of interventions for the prevention and treatment of low back pain in nurses. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The review was registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42015026941) and followed the PRISMA statement guidelines. A two phase approach was used. In phase one, all randomised controlled trials included in the systematic review of Dawson et al. (2007) which reviewed interventions for low back pain in nurses until 2004 were selected...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115873/self-esteem-trajectories-and-their-social-determinants-in-adolescents-with-different-levels-of-cognitive-ability
#5
Alexandre J S Morin, A Katrin Arens, Danielle Tracey, Philip D Parker, Joseph Ciarrochi, Rhonda G Craven, Christophe Maïano
This study examines the development of self-esteem in a sample of 138 Australian adolescents (90 males; 48 females) with cognitive abilities in the lowest 15% (L-CA) and a matched sample of 556 Australian adolescents (312 males; 244 females) with average to high levels of cognitive abilities (A/H-CA). These participants were measured annually (Grade 7 to 12). The findings showed that adolescents with L-CA and A/H-CA experience similar high and stable self-esteem trajectories that present similar relations with key predictors (sex, school usefulness and dislike, parenting, and peer integration)...
November 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114504/effects-of-16-week-spinning-and-bicycle-exercise-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-blood-variables-of-middle-school-students
#6
Jang-Gun Yoon, Seok-Hee Kim, Hyun-Seung Rhyu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 16 weeks of spinning and bicycling exercises on body composition, physical fitness and blood variables in female adolescents. Subjects participated in this study were 24 female middle school students (12 spinning cycles, 12 general bicycles) attending to Seoul Yeoksam middle school. Each group was trained for 16 weeks, 3 times a week, and 1 hr per day after school. Body composition, physical fitness (1,200 running, sit-ups, back strength, sit and reach, side-steps) and blood variables (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, reactive oxygen species, and malondialdehyde) were examined before and after 16 weeks of training...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101796/children-s-meta-talk-in-their-collaborative-decision-making-with-peers
#7
Bahar Köymen, Michael Tomasello
In collaborative decision making, children must evaluate the evidence behind their respective claims and the rationality of their respective proposals with their partners. In the main study, 5- and 7-year-old peer dyads (N = 196) were presented with a novel animal. In the key condition, children in a dyad individually received conflicting information about what the animal needs (e.g., rocks vs. sand for food) from sources that differ in reliability (with first-hand vs. indirect evidence). Dyads in both age groups were able to reliably settle on the option with the best supporting evidence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099828/-bacterial-lysates-history-and-availability
#8
Gian Loreto D'Alò, Ermanno Zorzoli, Alessandra Loria, Elisa Terracciano, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco
The use of bacterial lysates (BLs) can be traced back to the end of the nineteenth century, and they are currently available in several countries across all continents. Over the last few decades, BLs have been used, both in pediatric patients and in adults, mainly for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections of the respiratory tract. BLs are produced from bacterial cultures that undergo cell lysis with two different methods: mechanical lysis and chemical lysis. The in vivo mechanism of action is still not fully understood, and the main hypotheses focus on mucosal immunity modulation...
July 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092652/head-impact-locations-in-us-high-school-boys-and-girls-soccer-concussions-2012-13-2015-16
#9
Zachary Kerr, Kody R Campbell, Melissa A Fraser, Dustin W Currie, Lauren A Pierpoint, Thomas Kamimski, Jason Mihalik
This study describes concussions and concussion-related outcomes sustained by high school soccer players by head impact location, sex, and injury mechanism. Data were obtained for the 2012/13-2015/16 school years from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School RIO™. This Internet-based sports injury surveillance system captures data reported by athletic trainers from an annual average of 162 US high schools. Data were analyzed to describe circumstances of soccer concussion (e...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084139/the-impact-of-iodine-status-on-the-recall-rate-of-the-screening-program-for-congenital-hypothyroidism-findings-from-two-national-studies-in-iran
#10
Ladan Mehran, Shahin Yarahmadi, Davood Khalili, Pantea Nazeri, Hossein Delshad, Zahra Abdollahi, Nasrin Azhang, Fereidoun Azizi
Back ground: Iodine deficiency is one of the important factors in increasing the recall rate in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) screening programs. The present study assessed whether the iodine status of the general population may predict the recall rate or vice versa. METHODS: In the current national study, among 1,382,229 live births delivered between March 2010 and March 2011, 1,288,237 neonates were screened for detecting CH by TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) measurement via heel prick sampling...
October 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084094/the-effects-of-practical-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-adolescent-lower-body-strength
#11
Paul E Luebbers, Emily V Witte, Johnathan Q Oshel
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a practical blood flow restriction (BFR) training program on lower-body strength of high school weightlifters. Twenty-five students were divided into three groups. For six weeks, each group completed the same resistance training program with the exception of the parallel back squat exercise (2 days/week), which was different for each group. One group (HI) completed a traditional high load (≥65% 1RM) back squat protocol with three sets of low repetitions (≤10)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073226/behavioral-correlates-of-cheating-environmental-specificity-and-reward-expectation
#12
Michael Isakov, Arnav Tripathy
Academic dishonesty has been and continues to be a major problem in America's schools and universities. Such dishonesty is especially important in high schools, where grades earned directly impact the academic careers of students for many years to come. The rising pressure to get the best grades in school, get into the best college, and land the best paying job is a cycle that has made academic dishonesty increase exponentially. Thus, finding the widespread roots of cheating is more important now than ever...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058392/california-women-in-dentistry-a-look-back
#13
Brian K Shue, Harriet F Seldin
California’s female dentists have experienced many professional and societal challenges. Their earliest achievements and successes are examined, including their history in the early California schools of dentistry and dental societies, their service and professional practice. A diverse selection of female dentists from California with different professional career paths is profiled.
January 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051721/a-comparison-of-medical-education-in-germany-and-the-united-states-from-applying-to-medical-school-to-the-beginnings-of-residency
#14
REVIEW
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048049/bike-ride-solar-eclipse-and-back-to-school-editorial
#15
Ron Driggers
Editor-in-Chief Ron Driggers shares a recent adventure, encourages readers to experience the upcoming total solar eclipse in the U.S., and announces that he has accepted a faculty position.
August 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039151/-pain-experience-of-nursing-students-and-the-methods-used-to-cope-with-pain
#16
Tuğba Uzunçakmak, Mahmut Kılıç
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the pain experience of nursing students and the methods used to cope with it. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the nursing department. Sampling was not used. The study was completed with 264 students. Data were collected using the questionnaire that was prepared by the researchers. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of all students, 76.1% (84...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037324/back-pain-and-behavioral-habits-of-high-school-students-a-comparative-study-of-two-brazil-s-regions
#17
Matias Noll, Priscilla Rayanne E Silva Noll, João Luiz Ribeiro Neto, Vanessa Nunes Leal, Bruna Nichele da Rosa, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034612/variability-index-of-tacrolimus-serum-levels-in-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients-younger-than-12%C3%A2-years-non-adherence-or-risk-of-non-adherence
#18
Janete Teresinha Pires de Oliveira, Carlos Oscar Kieling, Anaís Back da Silva, Joel Stefani, Maria Carolina Witkowski, Camila Ribas Smidt, Carolina R Mariano da Rocha, Vania Naomi Hirakata, Maria da Graça Grossini, Maria Lúcia Zanotelli, Sandra Maria Gonçalves Vieira
MLVI has been used to assess adherence. To determine the MLVI in children <12 years of age at transplantation and to identify demographic correlates and consequences for the graft. This is a retrospective study of 50 outpatients (4.0 ± 3.5 years), at least 13-month post-liver transplantation. The outcomes evaluated were MLVI, ALT > 60 IU/L, ACR, death, and graft loss. We analyzed demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, indication for transplantation, and type of donor. Student's t test and the chi-square test were used...
October 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027682/comparative-study-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-on-ultrasonography-in-healthy-adolescents-and-patients-with-low-back-pain
#19
Nahid Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder among different age groups, including adolescents. The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle thickness between healthy adolescents and those with LBP. METHODS: One hundred sixty healthy high school adolescents and 80 high school adolescents with LBP participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire and also a visual analog scale and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire to evaluate the pain intensity and functional disability...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022857/back-to-school-2017
#20
Ronald C Merrell, Charles R Doarn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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