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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323608/from-doctors-stories-to-doctors-stories-and-back-again
#1
Marcia Day Childress
Stories have always been central to medicine, but during the twentieth century bioscience all but eclipsed narrative's presence in medical practice. In Doctors' Stories, published in 1991, Kathryn Montgomery excavated medicine's narrative foundations and functions to reveal new possibilities for how to conceive and characterize medicine. Physicians' engagement with stories has since flourished, especially through the narrative medicine movement, although in the twenty-first century this has been challenged by the health care industry's business-minded and data-driven clinical systems...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320488/the-effect-of-rider-weight-and-additional-weight-in-icelandic-horses-in-t%C3%A3-lt-part-i-physiological-responses
#2
G J Stefánsdóttir, V Gunnarsson, L Roepstorff, S Ragnarsson, A Jansson
This study examined the effect of increasing BW ratio (BWR) between rider and horse, in the BWR range common for Icelandic horses (20% to 35%), on heart rate (HR), plasma lactate concentration (Lac), BWR at Lac 4 mmol/l (W4), breathing frequency (BF), rectal temperature (RT) and hematocrit (Hct) in Icelandic horses. In total, eight experienced school-horses were used in an incremental exercise test performed outdoors on an oval riding track and one rider rode all horses. The exercise test consisted of five phases (each 642 m) in tölt, a four-beat symmetrical gait, at a speed of 5...
March 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300968/-use-of-medicines-before-and-during-pregnancy-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#3
Débora Bomfim Costa, Helena Lutescia Luna Coelho, Djanilson Barbosa Dos Santos
This cross-sectional prospective nested cohort study aimed to assess the prevalence of use of medication before and during pregnancy and associated factors in women in a municipality in the countryside of Bahia State, Brazil. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire applied to pregnant women at their prenatal visits at health units. Prevalence rates for use of medication before and during pregnancy were 52.1% and 84.7%, respectively. The following were associated with use of medication before pregnancy: age ≥ 30 years, non-white skin color, first prenatal visit after the 1st trimester, and economic classes C/D/E...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288602/is-being-a-regular-player-with-fewer-teammates-associated-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-youth-team-sports-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Takafumi Abe, Masamitsu Kamada, Jun Kitayuguchi, Shinpei Okada, Yoshiteru Mutoh, Yuji Uchio
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a commonly reported symptom in youth sports players. Some sports-related risk factors have been reported, but previous studies on extrinsic risk factors did not focus on management of team members (e.g., regular or non-regular players, number of players) for reducing sports-related MSP. This study aimed to examine the association of playing status (regular or non-regular players) and team status (fewer or more teammates) with MSP in youth team sports...
March 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287191/-history-of-clinical-psychiatry-of-sapienza-university-of-rome-in-policlinico-umberto-i
#5
Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari, Angela Iannitelli, Massimo Biondi
The present article intends to go over the history of the Psychiatric Clinic of the Sapienza University of Rome, starting from the beginning of the teaching of Psychiatry at Santa Maria della Pietà mental hospital, back in 1871, to the eventual founding, at the University "La Sapienza" and the Umberto I general hospital, of the Institute of Psychiatric Clinic and next of the Nervous and Mental Diseases' Clinic with the enclosed specialization school in Psychiatry. A detailed overview is supplied on the characters of the eminent scientists who have succeeded over time at the head of the Clinic and on the description of its different organization, conceived by each of them because of their educational and cultural roots...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279453/a-comparison-of-two-mathematical-models-of-the-impact-of-mass-drug-administration-on-the-transmission-and-control-of-schistosomiasis
#6
J E Truscott, D Gurarie, R Alsallaq, J Toor, N Yoon, S H Farrell, H C Turner, A E Phillips, H O Aurelio, J Ferro, C H King, R M Anderson
The predictions of two mathematical models describing the transmission dynamics of schistosome infection and the impact of mass drug administration are compared. The models differ in their description of the dynamics of the parasites within the host population and in their representation of the stages of the parasite lifecycle outside of the host. Key parameters are estimated from data collected in northern Mozambique from 2011 to 2015. This type of data set is valuable for model validation as treatment prior to the study was minimal...
March 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262160/translation-and-validation-of-adolescent-resilience-questionnaire-for-iranian-adolescents
#7
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Abbas Ebadi, Deirdre Gartland, Yahya Ghaedi, Fatemeh Khoshnavay Fomani
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Resilience is the process by which adolescents are able to maintain or regain positive outcomes despite stress and negative emotional experiences. Assessing resilience is important to identify adolescentś strengths and vulnerabilities. There are currently no resilience instruments available for Iranian adolescents. This paper describes the translation and validation of Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ) for use with Iranian adolescents. METHOD: The ARQ was translated into Persian and back-translated...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257615/development-and-reliability-of-the-timed-functional-arm-and-shoulder-test-tfast
#8
Kshamata M Shah, Timothy Baker, Abigail Dingle, Thomas Hansmeier, Matthew Jimenez, Sarah Lopez, Dylan Marks, Daniel Safford, Amanda Sternberg, Jeffrey Turner, Philip W McClure
Study Design Repeated-measures clinical measurement reliability study. Background While there are some shoulder functional tests for athletes, no widely used performance test of arm and shoulder function currently exists to assess lower level upper extremity functional demands, for example in a non-athlete population or elderly individuals. In these individuals, functional measures rely on patient self-report. Objectives Describe the development of the Timed Functional Arm and Shoulder Test (TFAST), age-related scores and between-session reliability in a group of asymptomatic high-school athletes, young, middle-aged and older adults, and a preliminary group of symptomatic patients...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#9
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#10
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222141/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-severe-and-frequent-back-pain-in-high-school-athletes
#11
Matias Noll, Erika Aparecida Silveira, Ivan Silveira de Avelar
Several studies have shown that half of all young athletes experience back pain (BP). However, high intensity and frequency of BP may be harmful, and the factors associated with BP severity have not been investigated in detail. Here, we investigated the factors associated with a high intensity and high frequency of BP in high school athletes. We included 251 athletes (173 boys and 78 girls [14-20 years old]) in this cross-sectional study. The dependent variables were a high frequency and high intensity of BP, and the independent variables were demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, hereditary, anthropometric, behavioural, and postural factors and the level of exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219975/changes-in-cigarette-expenditure-minimising-strategies-before-and-after-a-cigarette-tax-increase
#12
Kelvin Choi, Raymond G Boyle
BACKGROUND: Smokers use cigarette expenditure minimising strategies (CEMS) to alleviate the effect of tax increases on their cigarette expenses. We examined changes in smokers' CEMS use before and after a 2013 Minnesota $1.75 cigarette tax increase. METHODS: Data were from representative samples of smokers who participated in the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey 2010 (n=948) and 2014 (n=1229). Participants indicated CEMS used in the past year from a list. Weighted multiple logistic regressions were used to examine changes in prevalence of each CEMS use over time adjusting for demographics and cigarette consumption...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212667/assessing-the-interruption-of-the-transmission-of-human-helminths-with-mass-drug-administration-alone-optimizing-the-design-of-cluster-randomized-trials
#13
Roy Anderson, Sam Farrell, Hugo Turner, Judd Walson, Christl A Donnelly, James Truscott
BACKGROUND: A method is outlined for the use of an individual-based stochastic model of parasite transmission dynamics to assess different designs for a cluster randomized trial in which mass drug administration (MDA) is employed in attempts to eliminate the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in defined geographic locations. The hypothesis to be tested is: Can MDA alone interrupt the transmission of STH species in defined settings? Clustering is at a village level and the choice of clusters of villages is stratified by transmission intensity (low, medium and high) and parasite species mix (either Ascaris, Trichuris or hookworm dominant)...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210499/the-effectiveness-of-slow-stroke-back-massage-on-hospitalization-anxiety-and-physiological-parameters-in-school-age-children-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#14
Alia Jalalodini, Manijeh Nourian, Kiarash Saatchi, Amir Kavousi, Mahnaz Ghaljeh
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of hospitalization anxiety are mental health disorders. One of the methods of anxiety reduction is massage, which can cause reduction of pain and changes in physiological parameters. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of slow-stroke back massage (SSBM) on hospitalization anxiety and physiological parameters in school-age children. METHODS: This clinical trial study included 80 school-aged children from Ali Ebne Abi Taleb hospital, located in Zahedan, who were selected using sequential sampling and randomly divided into two groups: a massage group (40) and a control group (40)...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#15
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181981/measuring-children-s-physical-activity-compliance-using-skin-taped-accelerometers
#16
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Peter Bentsen, Glen Nielsen, Jan Christian Brønd, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Erik Mygind, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Accelerometer-based physical activity monitoring has become the method of choice in many large-scale physical activity (PA) studies. However, there is an ongoing debate regarding the placement of the device, the determination of device wear time, and how to solve a lack of participant compliance. The aim of this study was to assess the compliance of Axivity AX3 accelerometers taped directly to the skin of 9-13-year-old children. METHODS: Children in 46 school classes (53...
February 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179049/promoting-hand-hygiene-compliance
#17
Thomas von Lengerke, Bettina Lutze, Christian Krauth, Karin Lange, Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Iris Freya Chaberny
BACKGROUND: The German "Clean Hands Campaign" (an adaptation of the WHO "Clean Care is Safer Care" programme) to promote hand hygiene among hospital personnel at Hannover Medical School (MHH, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover), known as Aktion Saubere Hände (ASH), met with initial success. By 2013, however, compliance rates with hygienic hand disinfection in the hospital's ten intensive care units (ICUs) and two hematopoietic stem cell transplantation units (HSCTUs) had relapsed to their initial levels (physicians: 48%; nurses: 56%)...
January 20, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141718/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-behavior-regulation-and-virtual-school-support
#18
Claire Wallace, Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Catherine Scherer, Nancy Roizen, Marilyn Augustyn
Tony is a 6-year-old multiracial boy diagnosed as having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-combined type who is followed in your primary care practice and has started on a stimulant medication. Tony continues to have difficulty with emotion regulation and impulse control both at home and at school. He was asked to leave his private school soon after beginning first grade because of physical fighting, emotional outbursts, and arguing with teachers.His mother made the decision to enroll Tony in online virtual schooling for the remainder of the academic year, with the plan to transition back to traditional school for the next academic year...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141709/a-9-year-old-girl-with-persistent-obsessive-and-compulsive-behaviors-in-a-primary-care-pediatric-practice
#19
Lauren Gist, Carol Mathews, Katherine N Williams, Martin T Stein
Chloe is a 9-year-old gal whose mother made an initial visit to a new pediatrician for concerns about her behavior. Chloe is apprehensive about the visit and frequently hides behind her mother.Her parents first noticed Chloe becoming angry and more emotional 3 years ago, which her parents did not initially understand. However, over the past year, she has started to have more worries and unusual behavior.Chloe and her mother report that when she walks through doorways, she will almost always go back and walks through again...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141707/bullying-and-adhd-which-came-first-and-does-it-matter
#20
Robert Keder, Robert Sege, Peter C Raffalli, Marilyn Augustyn
Aiden, a 13-year-old boy in the sixth grade who is relatively new to your practice, is seen for follow-up after his routine physical last month when you noted concerns for possible attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gave the family Vanderbilt Scales to complete. Aiden has a family history of ADHD, specific learning disabilities, and mood disorder.His mother reports that she is concerned about how Aiden is doing at school; his teachers are complaining that he is not doing his work, and she is worried that he may be kept back in school...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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