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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#1
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631970/computerized-neuropsychological-test-performance-of-youth-football-players-at-different-positions-a-comparison-of-high-and-low-contact-players
#2
William T Tsushima, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Andrea M Siu, Tama Fukuyama, Nathan M Murata
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of head impact frequency on the neuropsychological test results of football players who participate in different positions on the team. Based on the biomechanical measures of head impact frequency reported in high school football, a High Contact group (n = 480) consisting of offensive and defensive linemen was compared with a Low Contact group (n = 640) comprised of receivers and defensive backs. The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained poorer performances on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) on three Composite scores (Verbal Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control) and the Total Symptom score compared to the Low Contact group...
February 28, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608176/late-bedtimes-short-sleeping-time-and-longtime-video-game-playing-are-associated-with-low-back-pain-in-school-aged-athletes
#3
Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Low back pain is a significant problem for school-aged athletes. Although some risk factors relating to sports activities have been reported, the effect of lifestyles on low back pain in school-aged athletes is not clear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the association between lifestyles, such as wake-up time, bedtime, sleeping time, and TV-viewing or video-game-playing time per day and low back pain of school-aged athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with school-aged athletes (aged 6-15 years, n = 6441) using a self-reported questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression models were used for analyses...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598040/doing-the-research-that-informs-practice-a-retrospective-view-of-one-group-s-attempt-to-study-the-teaching-and-learning-of-organic-chemistry
#4
George M Bodner, Rob Ferguson, Selçuk Çalimsiz
The idea that the focus of educational research should be on results that can inform the practice of teaching has been an implicit assumption for so many years that one would be hard-pressed to trace it back to an individual source. At one time, the people doing such research in STEM disciplines were faculty in schools or colleges of education who focused on K-12 classrooms and looked for ideas, concepts, and principles that would be valid across a range of STEM disciplines. Eventually, this research was done on college- or university-level students, as well, and there was a shift toward what has been called discipline-based educational research (DBER) that looks at the problems associated with the teaching and learning of a given discipline, such as chemistry...
June 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594579/-from-snail-mode-to-rocket-ship-mode-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-of-returning-to-work-and-school-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#5
Eden R Brauer, Huibrie C Pieters, Patricia A Ganz, Wendy Landier, Carol Pavlish, MarySue V Heilemann
PURPOSE: Resuming normal activities, such as work and school, is an important dimension of psychosocial recovery in cancer survivorship. Minimal data exist regarding adolescents or young adults' experiences of returning to school or work after cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the processes of resuming work and school among adolescents and young adults after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 adolescents and young adults, who were 15-29 years when they underwent HCT and 6-60 months post-transplant at study enrollment...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593303/factors-in-early-adolescence-associated-with-a-mole-prone-phenotype-in-late-adolescence
#6
Haoming Xu, Michael A Marchetti, Stephen W Dusza, Esther Chung, Maira Fonseca, Alon Scope, Alan C Geller, Marilyn Bishop, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Allan C Halpern
Importance: Nevi are important phenotypic risk factors for melanoma in adults. Few studies have examined the constitutional and behavioral factors associated with a mole-prone phenotype in adolescents. Objective: To identify host, behavioral, and dermoscopic factors in early adolescence (age, 14 years) that are associated with a mole-prone phenotype in late adolescence (age, 17 years). Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective observational cohort study from the Study of Nevi in Children was conducted from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2014, with a 2- to 3-year follow-up...
June 7, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589173/prevalence-impact-and-management-practice-of-dysmenorrhea-among-university-of-gondar-students-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Minaleshewa Biruk Gebeyehu, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Dagmawi Abate Andarge, Yabsira Belayneh Debay, Geremew Sokile Bejiga, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is an important health problem of adolescents in school, as well as health practitioners, that badly affects the daily activities and quality of life. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and assess its management practice among University of Gondar students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done from April 06 to May 08, 2016, on female students of University of Gondar. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe and assess the association between different variables...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585474/family-experience-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-1-the-most-distressing-situations
#8
Margarida Custódio Dos Santos, Ana Filipa Pires, Kelly Soares, Luísa Barros
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and increased bone fragility. Despite increasing research on the biomedical aspects of the disease, only a few studies focus on the psychosocial implications of living with OI. This study aimed to explore the situations that are perceived by OI type-1 children, their parents and siblings, as being the most distressing and stressful in their experience with the disease. METHODS: Seven families of children diagnosed with OI type 1 for longer than four years participated...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562699/sociodemographic-characteristics-of-indigenous-population-according-to-the-2000-and-2010-brazilian-demographic-censuses-a-comparative-approach
#9
João Luiz Bastos, Ricardo Ventura Santos, Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, Luciene Aparecida Ferreira de Barros Longo, Leandro Okamoto da Silva
The sociodemographic profiles of different segments of the Brazilian population have been the object of multiple inter-census comparisons. This study compared the age distribution, number of household residents, formal schooling, and income of indigenous persons according to the population censuses of 2000 and 2010. There was an important decrease in the number of residents per occupied household, and slight aging of the indigenous population, except in the urban North. Meanwhile, there was a proportional increase in individuals with per capita household income up to one minimum wage, along with a reduction in the income bracket of more than two minimum wages in the country's five major geographic regions, in both urban and rural areas...
May 25, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562186/the-appropriateness-of-training-exposures-for-match-play-preparation-in-adolescent-schoolboy-and-academy-rugby-union-players
#10
Padraic J Phibbs, Ben Jones, Dale B Read, Gregory A B Roe, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon J S Weakley, Andrew Rock, Kevin Till
The aim of this study was to compare the physical and movement demands between training and match-play in schoolboy and academy adolescent rugby union (RU) players. Sixty-one adolescent male RU players (mean ± SD; age 17.0 ± 0.7 years) were recruited from four teams representing school and regional academy standards. Players were categorised into four groups based on playing standard and position: schoolboy forwards (n = 15), schoolboy backs (n = 15), academy forwards (n = 16) and academy backs (n = 15)...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549469/are-children-participating-in-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention-more-physically-active
#11
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a curriculum-based approach to teaching that has shown positive associations with children's physical activity and academic learning in small-scale case studies. The purpose of this large-scale quasi-experimental study was to determine if children who participate regularly in EOtC spend more time being physically active than children who do not. METHODS: In the 2014/2015 study TEACHOUT, classes were recruited in pairs such that each EOtC class had a non-EOtC comparison class at the same school and grade level...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546785/on-religious-and-secular-exemptions-a-case-study-of-childhood-vaccination-waivers
#12
Roland Pierik
This paper analyses exemptions to general law through the prism of vaccine waivers in the United States. All US states legally require the vaccination of children prior to school or daycare entry; however, this obligation is accompanied with a system of medical, religious, and/or philosophical exemptions. Nonmedical exemptions became subject of discussion after the 2015 Disneyland measles outbreak in California, which unequivocally brought to light what had been brewing below the surface for a while: a slow but steady decline in vaccination rates in Western societies, resulting in the reoccurrence of measles outbreaks...
April 2017: Ethnicities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542108/contralateral-spondylolysis-and-fracture-of-the-lumbar-pedicle-in-a-young-athlete
#13
Eran Kessous, Tracy Borsinger, Ayesha Rahman, Pierre A d'Hemecourt
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report of unilateral pedicular stress fracture with a contralateral spondylolysis in a male high school athlete presenting with low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To report this uncommon cause of low back pain in an adolescent athlete, and review the relevant literature. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of spondylolysis in the caucasian population was found to be about 3-6%. This number is probably higher in the athletic adolescent age group, with reports ranging from 8-15%...
May 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540272/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-local-application-of-thyme-honey-in-open-cutaneous-wound-healing
#14
Nasrin Takzaree, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Mohammad Reza Rouini, Azadeh Manayi, Abbas Hadjiakhondi, Masoumeh Majidi Zolbin
BACKGROUND: Clinicians have been searching for ways to obtain "super normal" wound healing. Honey is a traditional remedy for the treatment of infected wounds. We aimed to evaluate the wound contraction and antibacterial properties of locally produced Thyme honey on managing full-thickness wounds in vivo. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted in 2015, in Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran on 54 adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 gr, and ages of 3-4 months...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539900/learning-potential-in-narrative-writing-measuring-the-psychometric-properties-of-an-assessment-tool
#15
Léia G Gurgel, Mônica M C de Oliveira, Maria C R A Joly, Caroline T Reppold
Objective: The Computerized and Dynamic Writing Test (TIDE) is designed to examine the learning potential of adolescents in narrative writing. This was a validation study of the TIDE based on its internal structure. Learning potential is responsible for cognitive modifiabilty according to the Theory of Cognitive Structural Modifiability (CSM) developed by Feüerstein. Method: Included 304 participants between 10 and 17 years of age from schools in the South of Brazil. The data collection involved student groups that were divided according to age and school grade...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#16
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536945/back-and-neck-pain-prevalence-and-their-association-with-physical-inactivity-domains-in-adolescents
#17
Catarina Covolo Scarabottolo, R Z Pinto, C B Oliveira, E F Zanuto, J R Cardoso, D G D Christofaro
PURPOSE: Back pain affects people of all ages. This may be associated with physical inactivity, and in the case of physical activity in different domains, the relationship with back pain is not clear in the literature. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of low back and neck pain and investigate their association in different domains of physical inactivity. METHODS: 1011 randomly selected students participated in this study. Neck and back pain were assessed using the Nordic questionnaire, whereas the Baecke Physical Activity questionnaire was used to measure physical activity domains...
May 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514977/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-newest-vital-sign-nvs-health-literacy-instrument-in-general-population-and-highly-educated-samples-of-brazilian-adults
#18
Renne Rodrigues, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Alberto Durán González, Marcela Maria Birolim, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: The present work aimed at cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the health literacy assessment tool Newest Vital Sign (NVS) in general population (GP) and highly educated (HE) samples of Brazilian adults. DESIGN: An expert committee reviewed the translation and back-translation processes and the cultural adaptation. The construct validity was analysed with confirmatory factor analysis and via associations with features of the study population. SETTING: The final validation test was performed in two different populations from Londrina, a large town in southern Brazil...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514202/the-physical-characteristics-of-match-play-in-english-schoolboy-and-academy-rugby-union
#19
Dale B Read, Ben Jones, Padraic J Phibbs, Gregory A B Roe, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon J S Weakley, Kevin Till
The aim was to compare the physical characteristics of under-18 academy and schoolboy rugby union competition by position (forwards and backs). Using a microsensor unit, match characteristics were recorded in 66 players. Locomotor characteristics were assessed by maximum sprint speed (MSS) and total, walking, jogging, striding and sprinting distances. The slow component (<2 m · s(-1)) of PlayerLoad(TM) (PLslow), which is the accumulated accelerations from the three axes of movement, was analysed as a measure of low-speed activity (e...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511650/pain-pain-intensity-and-pain-disability-in-high-school-students-are-differently-associated-with-physical-activity-screening-hours-and-sleep
#20
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sa-Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the association between physical activity, screen time and sleep and pain usually focus on a limited number of painful body sites. Nevertheless, pain at different body sites is likely to be of different nature. Therefore, this study aims to explore and compare the association between time spent in self-reported physical activity, in screen based activities and sleeping and i) pain presence in the last 7-days for 9 different body sites; ii) pain intensity at 9 different body sites and iii) global disability...
May 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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