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Psuedobulbar affect

Hayato Takeuchi, Kazuhide Iwamoto, Mao Mukai, Tomoaki Fujita, Hitoshi Tsujino, Yoshihiro Iwamoto
Pathological laughing, one subgroup of psuedobulbar affect, is known as laughter inappropriate to the patient's external circumstances and unrelated to the patient's internal emotional state. The authors present the case of a 76-year-old woman with no significant medical history who experienced pathological laughing after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to rupture of an aneurysm, which was successfully treated with craniotomy for aneurysm clipping. In the acute stage after the operation she suffered from severe vasospasm and resulting middle cerebral artery territory infarction and conscious disturbance...
2014: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Hillel S Panitch, Ronald A Thisted, Richard A Smith, Daniel R Wynn, James P Wymer, Anat Achiron, Timothy L Vollmer, Raul N Mandler, Dennis W Dietrich, Malcolm Fletcher, Laura E Pope, James E Berg, Ariel Miller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of DM/Q (capsules containing dextromethorphan [DM] and quinidine [Q]) compared with placebo, taken twice daily, for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect over a 12-week period in multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS: A total of 150 patients were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess pseudobulbar affect with the validated Center for Neurologic Study-Lability Scale. Each patient also recorded the number of episodes experienced between visits, estimated quality of life and quality of relationships on visual analog scales, and completed a pain rating scale...
May 2006: Annals of Neurology
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