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Depression with anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656497/altered-brain-function-in-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness-a-study-on-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#1
Jin-Ok Lee, Eek-Sung Lee, Ji-Soo Kim, Young-Beom Lee, Yong Jeong, Byung Se Choi, Jae-Hyoung Kim, Jeffrey P Staab
This study used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) to investigate whole brain networks in patients with persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD). We compared rsfMRI data from 38 patients with PPPD and 38 healthy controls using whole brain and region of interest analyses. We examined correlations among connectivity and clinical variables and tested the ability of a machine learning algorithm to classify subjects using rsfMRI results. Patients with PPPD showed: (a) increased connectivity of subcallosal cortex with left superior lateral occipital cortex and left middle frontal gyrus, (b) decreased connectivity of left hippocampus with bilateral central opercular cortices, left posterior opercular cortex, right insular cortex and cerebellum, and (c) decreased connectivity between right nucleus accumbens and anterior left temporal fusiform cortex...
April 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656278/anxiety-depression-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-starting-warfarin-cardiovascular-research-network-wave-study
#2
Christine Baumgartner, Dongjie Fan, Margaret C Fang, Daniel E Singer, Daniel M Witt, John R Schmelzer, Marc S Williams, Jerry H Gurwitz, Sue Hee Sung, Alan S Go
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are associated with worse outcomes in several cardiovascular conditions, but it is unclear whether they affect outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF). In a large diverse population of adults with AF, we evaluated the association of diagnosed anxiety and/or depression with stroke and bleeding outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cardiovascular Research Network WAVE (Community-Based Control and Persistence of Warfarin Therapy and Associated Rates and Predictors of Adverse Clinical Events in Atrial Fibrillation and Venous Thromboembolism) Study included adults with AF newly starting warfarin between 2004 and 2007 within 5 health delivery systems in the United States...
April 14, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656267/a-naturalistic-examination-of-the-perceived-effects-of-cannabis-on-negative-affect
#3
Carrie Cuttler, Alexander Spradlin, Ryan J McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is commonly used to alleviate symptoms of negative affect. However, a paucity of research has examined the acute effects of cannabis on negative affect in everyday life. The current study provides a naturalistic account of perceived changes in symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress as a function of dose and concentration of Δ9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). METHOD: Data from the app StrainprintTM (which provides medical cannabis users a means of tracking changes in symptoms as a function of different doses and chemotypes of cannabis) were analyzed using multilevel modeling...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656264/prospective-predictors-of-first-onset-depressive-disorders-in-adolescent-females-with-anxiety-disorders
#4
Estee M Hausman, Roman Kotov, Greg Perlman, Greg Hajcak, Ellen M Kessel, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Anxious youth are at increased risk for later depressive disorders, but not all anxious youth develop depression. Sequential comorbidity models emphasize shared risk factors and anxiety sequelae, but some anxious youth who later develop depression may have risk factors that are relatively specific to depression, in addition to a liability to anxiety. We examined several variables that appear relatively specific to risk for depression-the personality traits of low positive affectivity and high sadness, and an electrophysiological measure of blunted response to reward - in predicting first-onset depressive disorders and depressive symptoms in clinically anxious adolescent girls...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655586/non-motor-outcomes-of-subthalamic-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-depend-on-location-of-active-contacts
#5
Haidar Salimi Dafsari, Jan Niklas Petry-Schmelzer, K Ray-Chaudhuri, Keyoumars Ashkan, Luca Weis, Till A Dembek, Michael Samuel, Alexandra Rizos, Monty Silverdale, Michael T Barbe, Gereon R Fink, Julian Evans, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Angelo Antonini, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, Lars Timmermann
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) improves quality of life (QoL), motor, and non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Few studies have investigated the influence of the location of neurostimulation on NMS. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of active contact location on NMS in STN-DBS in PD. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, multicenter study including 50 PD patients undergoing bilateral STN-DBS, we collected NMSScale (NMSS), NMSQuestionnaire (NMSQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (anxiety/depression, HADS-A/-D), PDQuestionnaire-8 (PDQ-8), Scales for Outcomes in PD-motor examination, motor complications, activities of daily living (ADL), and levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD) preoperatively and at 6 months follow-up...
March 16, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655553/transitional-care-post-tavi-a-pilot-initiative-focused-on-bridging-gaps-and-improving-outcomes
#6
Sandra Wong, Lorraine Montoya, Bonnie Quinlan
Interventions focused on ensuring safe transitions for patients from hospital to home can assist in providing continuity of care, preventing readmissions, and reducing duplication of services. Patients undergoing a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) procedure are often frail, elderly, and have multiple co-morbidities. A pilot initiative evaluating transitional care strategies through telephone follow up was implemented in a tertiary centre with the aim to identify gaps and intervene, preventing re-admission and improving patient outcomes...
April 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655386/a-comparative-network-analysis-of-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-co-occurring-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-before-and-after-treatment
#7
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Stephen A Wonderlich, Markus Moessner
BACKGROUND: Network analysis is an emerging approach in the study of psychopathology, yet few applications have been seen in eating disorders (EDs). Furthermore, little research exists regarding changes in network strength after interventions. Therefore the present study examined the network structures of ED and co-occurring depression and anxiety symptoms before and after treatment for EDs. METHOD: Participants from residential or partial hospital ED treatment programs (N = 446) completed assessments upon admission and discharge...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#8
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653459/-cultural-influence-on-attitude-towards-psychotherapy-a-comparison-of-individuals-of-turkish-origin-with-individuals-without-migration-background
#9
Joachim Bretz, Dilek Sahin, Eva Janina Brandl, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
AIM: The present study compares the attitude towards psychotherapy of persons living in Germany with or without Turkish background. In this context, gender-related, disorder-specific and sociodemographic differences in openness towards psychotherapy are taken into account. METHODS: Individuals of Turkish origin (n=129) and individuals without migration background (n=129) were interviewed with the Questionnaire on Attitudes towards Psychotherapeutic Treatment, the Social Support Questionnaire, a short version of the Symptom-Checklist with the subscales anxiety, depression and somatization, and a sociodemographic questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653458/-assessment-of-couples-communication-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-validation-of-a-german-version-of-the-couple-communication-scale-ccs
#10
Martina Conrad, Dorit Engelmann, Michael Friedrich, Katharina Scheffold, Rebecca Philipp, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Martin Härter, Anja Mehnert, Susan Koranyi
BACKGROUND: There are only a few valid instruments measuring couples' communication in patients with cancer for German speaking countries. The Couple Communication Scale (CCS) represents an established instrument to assess couples' communication. However, there is no evidence regarding the psychometric properties of the German version of the CCS until now and the assumed one factor structure of the CCS was not verified for patients with advanced cancer yet. METHOD: The CCS was validated as a part of the study "Managing cancer and living meaningfully" (CALM) on N=136 patients with advanced cancer (≥18 years, UICC-state III/IV)...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653349/the-role-of-lifetime-anxiety-history-in-the-course-of-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#11
Madison K Titone, Rachel D Freed, Jared K O'Garro-Moore, Andrew Gepty, Tommy H Ng, Jonathan P Stange, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD) frequently meet criteria for comorbid anxiety disorders, and anxiety may be an important factor in the etiology and course of BSDs. The current study examined the association of lifetime anxiety disorders with prospective manic/hypomanic versus major depressive episodes. Participants were 244 young adults (aged 17-26) with milder forms of BSDs (i.e., bipolar-II, cyclothymia, BD-NOS). First, bivariate analyses assessed differences in baseline clinical characteristics between participants with and without DSM-IV anxiety diagnoses...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653295/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-group-intervention-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety
#12
Barbara Shulman, Royce Dueck, Deirdre Ryan, Genevieve Breau, Isabel Sadowski, Shaila Misri
BACKGROUND: Many women experience moderate-to-severe depression and anxiety in the postpartum period for which pharmacotherapy is often the first-line treatment. Many breastfeeding mothers are reticent to increase their dose or consider additional medication, despite incomplete response, due to potential adverse effects on their newborn. These mothers are amenable to non-pharmacological intervention for complete symptom remission. The current study evaluated the feasibility of an eight-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653194/chronic-agomelatine-treatment-prevents-comorbid-depression-in-the-post-status-epilepticus-model-of-acquired-epilepsy-through-suppression-of-inflammatory-signaling
#13
Jana Tchekalarova, Dimitrinka Atanasova, Lidia Kortenska, Milena Atanasova, Nikolai Lazarov
Inflammatory signal molecules are suggested to be involved in the mechanism underlying comorbid depression in epilepsy. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that the novel antidepressant agomelatine, a potent melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptor agonist and serotonin 5HT2C receptor antagonist, can prevent depressive symptoms developed during the chronic epileptic phase by suppressing an inflammatory response. Chronic treatment with agomelatine (40 mg/kg, i.p.) was initiated an hour after the kainate acid (KA)-induced status epilepticus (SE) and maintained for a period of 10 weeks in Wistar rats...
April 10, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653127/evaluation-of-early-chronic-functional-outcomes-and-their-relationship-to-pre-frontal-cortex-and-hippocampal-pathology-following-moderate-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Alina Arulsamy, Jason Teng, Holly Colton, Frances Corrigan, Lyndsey Collins-Praino
TBI is a significant risk factor for the development of dementia, with the interaction between structural damage from TBI and neuroinflammation potentially driving this relationship. This study investigated the early chronic post-TBI neuroinflammatory response and its relationship to both neurodegenerative pathology and functional impairment up to 3 months post-injury. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either sham surgery or the Marmarou model of diffuse moderate-severe TBI. At 1-month and 3-months post-injury, a functional battery encompassing motor function, depressive-like behaviour, anxiety and cognition was performed...
April 10, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652956/-tools-for-physical-activity-assessment-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Cristian Céspedes, Jordi Vilaró, Roberto Vera-Uribe, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Diego Vargas
The prevalence and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in Chile, constituting a public health problem. Pulmonary and systemic consequences of COPD affect physical activity, as the disease progresses. There are multiple means for physical activity assessment, from low cost and easily applicable questionnaires to sophisticated laboratory tests. Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with COPD. Physical activity interventions not only contribute to decrease the likelihood of mortality, but also protect from comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#16
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652736/recommendations-and-extraction-of-clinical-variables-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-using-common-data-elements
#17
Pamela Newland, John M Newland, Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Judith M Smith, Brant J Oliver
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to demonstrate the feasibility of using common data elements (CDEs) to search for information on the pediatric patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) and provide recommendations for future quality improvement and research in the use of CDEs for pediatric MS symptom management strategies Methods: The St. Louis Children's Hospital (SLCH), Washington University (WU) pediatrics data network was evaluated for use of CDEs identified from a database to identify variables in pediatric MS, including the key clinical features from the disease course of MS...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652647/prevalence-and-predictors-of-ptsd-among-a-college-sample
#18
Shannon E C Usack, Terrell A Hicks, Jessica Bourdon, Christina M Sheerin, Cassie M Overstreet, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in freshman entering college and prospective associations of probable PTSD with additional outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: 2,310 students with data collected from Fall 2014 through Spring 2015. METHODS: Incoming freshman completed a survey assessing for relevant variables at the beginning of fall semester and during the spring semester. RESULTS: Seventy percent of the sample endorsed experiencing at least one potentially traumatic event (PTE)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652307/-therapy-of-asthenoneurotic-syndrome-in-patients-with-focal-muscular-dystonia
#19
V A Suvorova, E A Antipenko
AIM: To analyze the prevalence and structure of asthenoneurotic disorders in patients with focal muscular dystonia and determine an effect of the anxiolytic аdaptol (tetramethyltetraazabicyclooctandion) on asthenic syndrome in muscular dystonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with focal muscular dystonia were examined. The severity of asthenic syndrome (MFI-20), anxiety (the Hospital scale of anxiety and depression) and depression (the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) were evaluated...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652306/-assessment-of-clinical-manifestations-and-treatment-of-post-stroke-depression-in-young-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#20
M L Chukhlovina, A A Chukhlovin
AIM: To consider clinical manifestations and treatment of post-stroke depression in young patients with carotid ischemic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients, 24 women and 16 men, aged from 18 to 45 years old, diagnosed with ICD-10 post-stroke depression were examined. All patients underwent neurological examination, brain MRI and MR-angiography of cerebral vessels. The following psychometric tests were used: MMSE, Hamilton depression scale, CES-D depression scale, a questionnaire on nocturnal sleep assessment, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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