keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antioxidant nutrients

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786843/effect-of-canning-and-freezing-on-the-nutritional-content-of-apricots
#1
Erin Claire Adkison, William B Biasi, Veronique Bikoba, Dirk M Holstege, Elizabeth J Mitcham
The effect of commercial canning and freezing on the nutritional content of fresh apricots was investigated. Processed samples were analyzed post-processing and after 3 months of storage and compared directly to fresh apricots from the same source. Vitamin C, beta-carotene, total phenols, and antioxidants were quantified. Compared to fresh, canned apricots initially exhibited similar levels of antioxidants, a 17% increase in beta-carotene, and a 48% increase in phenols, while vitamin C was reduced by 37%. After 3 months of storage, antioxidant levels were 47% higher than fresh...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786832/the-primary-active-components-antioxidant-properties-and-differential-metabolite-profiles-of-radish-sprouts-raphanus-sativus-l-upon-domestic-storage-analysis-of-nutritional-quality
#2
Ru Li, Yi Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the nutritional quality of radish sprouts (Raphanus sativus L.) upon domestic short-term storage. We stored fresh radish sprouts at 25±1°C and at 4±1°C for 12 h, detected phenolic substances, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, vitamin C, and various antioxidant and abiotic stress-related factors. We investigated nutrient-related metabolic differences and associated pathways and postharvest treatment effects on nutritional quality via metabolomics analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774513/coordinated-effects-of-lead-toxicity-and-nutrient-deprivation-on-growth-oxidative-status-and-elemental-composition-of-primed-and-non-primed-rice-seedlings
#3
Fahad Khan, Saddam Hussain, Mohsin Tanveer, Sehrish Khan, Hafiz Athar Hussain, Biland Iqbal, Mingjian Geng
Rice crop is highly susceptible to the toxic levels of lead (Pb) during early growth stages. Moreover, a sufficient availability of mineral nutrients is critical for survival of plants particularly under stressful conditions. An experiment was carried out to unravel the coordinated effects of Pb stress (1-mM PbCl2 ) and different nutrient treatments (sufficient nutrient supply, nitrogen (N) deprivation, phosphorus (P) deprivation, and potassium (K) deprivation) on morphological growth, reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidants, and nutrient status in primed and non-primed rice seedlings...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773198/serum-concentrations-of-trace-elements-and-their-relationships-with-paraoxonase-1-in-morbidly-obese-women
#4
Fedra Luciano-Mateo, Noemí Cabré, Martí Nadal, Anabel García-Heredia, Gerard Baiges-Gaya, Anna Hernández-Aguilera, Jordi Camps, Jorge Joven, José Luis Domingo
The metabolic alterations associated with obesity include mineral dysregulation. Essential trace elements are nutrients with a relevant function in a large number of cellular processes and multiple roles in the correct functioning of metabolic enzymes. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory enzyme that is compromised in obesity. In the present study, the potential alterations in trace elements in morbidly obese women were assessed in relation to serum PON1 activity and concentration, as well as to other obesity-related comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and fatty liver...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772715/effects-of-sparassis-crispa-in-medical-therapeutics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Le Thi Nhu Ngoc, You-Kwan Oh, Young-Jong Lee, Young-Chul Lee
In this study, we investigated the therapeutic potential and medical applications of Sparassis crispa ( S. crispa ) by conducting a systematic review of the existing literature and performing a meta-analysis. The original efficacy treatment of the mushroom extract is considered primarily and searched in electronic databases. A total of 623 articles were assessed, 33 randomized controlled experiments were included after the manual screening, and some papers, review articles, or editorials that did not contain data were excluded...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768998/tuber-lectins-with-potentially-exploitable-bioactivities
#6
Randy Chi Fai Cheung, Tzi Bun Ng, Jack Ho Wong, Ryno Naude, Krzysztof Rolka, Tak Fu Tse, Helen Chan, Ryan Tse, Stephen Cho Wing Sze
Lectins are a group of proteins or glycoproteins with various potentially exploitable bioactivities and have been capturing more interest recently. They have been isolated and reported from various tissues of a diversity of plant species. Tubers are modified and enlarged plant structures derived from stems or roots that are used for nutrient storage and asexual reproduction. A number of plants such as yam, taro and potato are grown for their edible tubers, and lectins are found to be one of the major storage proteins...
May 16, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767099/growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-antioxidant-capacity-blood-biochemical-biomarkers-and-cytokines-expression-in-broiler-chickens-fed-different-phytogenic-levels
#7
Vasileios Paraskeuas, Konstantinos Fegeros, Irida Palamidi, Christine Hunger, Konstantinos C Mountzouris
The effects of inclusion levels of a phytogenic feed additive (PFA), characterized by menthol anethol and eugenol, on broiler growth performance, nutrient digestibility, biochemical biomarkers and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of plasma and meat, as well as on the relative expression of selected cytokines, were studied in a 42-d experiment. A total of 225 one-day-old male Cobb broiler chickens were assigned into 3 treatments, with 5 replicates of 15 chickens each. Chickens were fed maize-soybean meal basal diets following a 3 phase (i...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764521/amino-acid-transporter-slc7a11-xct-at-the-crossroads-of-regulating-redox-homeostasis-and-nutrient-dependency-of-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Pranavi Koppula, Yilei Zhang, Li Zhuang, Boyi Gan
Cancer cells often upregulate nutrient transporters to fulfill their increased biosynthetic and bioenergetic needs, and to maintain redox homeostasis. One nutrient transporter frequently overexpressed in human cancers is the cystine/glutamate antiporter solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11; also known as xCT). SLC7A11 promotes cystine uptake and glutathione biosynthesis, resulting in protection from oxidative stress and ferroptotic cell death. Recent studies have unexpectedly revealed that SLC7A11 also plays critical roles in glutamine metabolism and regulates the glucose and glutamine dependency of cancer cells...
April 25, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762617/anticancer-potential-against-cervix-cancer-hela-cell-line-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-casei-and-lactobacillus-paracasei-strains-isolated-from-human-breast-milk
#9
Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka, Haobin Zhao, Yao Lu, Ziyang Lian, Na Li, Nazim Hussain, Dongyan Shao, Mingliang Jin, Qi Li, Junling Shi
Lactic acid bacteria have been categorized as probiotics and play a crucial role in human health by stimulating the supply of nutrients, shaping the immune system, and preventing the colonization of pathogenic microbes. This study investigated the mechanisms for the action of three potential probiotic Lactobacillus strains: Lactobacillus casei SR1, Lactobacillus casei SR2, and Lactobacillus paracasei SR4 isolated from human breast milk. These Lactobacillus strains were identified via 16S DNA sequencing and characterized via biochemical assays including acid resistance, bile resistance, antioxidant activity, and antibiotic susceptibility...
May 15, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760743/crosstalk-between-the-warburg-effect-redox-regulation-and-autophagy-induction-in-tumourigenesis
#10
REVIEW
Mokgadi Violet Gwangwa, Anna Margaretha Joubert, Michelle Helen Visagie
Tumourigenic tissue uses modified metabolic signalling pathways in order to support hyperproliferation and survival. Cancer-associated aerobic glycolysis resulting in lactic acid production was described nearly 100 years ago. Furthermore, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lactate quantities increase metabolic, survival and proliferation signalling, resulting in increased tumourigenesis. In order to maintain redox balance, the cell possesses innate antioxidant defence systems such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione...
2018: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758013/selenium-dependent-antioxidant-enzymes-actions-and-properties-of-selenoproteins
#11
REVIEW
Evangelos Zoidis, Isidoros Seremelis, Nikolaos Kontopoulos, Georgios P Danezis
Unlike other essential trace elements that interact with proteins in the form of cofactors, selenium (Se) becomes co-translationally incorporated into the polypeptide chain as part of 21st naturally occurring amino acid, selenocysteine (Sec), encoded by the UGA codon. Any protein that includes Sec in its polypeptide chain is defined as selenoprotein. Members of the selenoproteins family exert various functions and their synthesis depends on specific cofactors and on dietary Se. The Se intake in productive animals such as chickens affect nutrient utilization, production performances, antioxidative status and responses of the immune system...
May 14, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755482/silicon-improves-chilling-tolerance-during-early-growth-of-maize-by-effects-on-micronutrient-homeostasis-and-hormonal-balances
#12
Narges Moradtalab, Markus Weinmann, Frank Walker, Birgit Höglinger, Uwe Ludewig, Guenter Neumann
Low soil temperature in spring is a major constraint for the cultivation of tropical and subtropical crops in temperate climates, associated with inhibition of root growth and activity, affecting early growth and frequently plant performance and final yield. This study was initiated to investigate the physiological base of cold-protective effects induced by supplementation with silicon (Si), widely recommended as a stress-protective mineral nutrient. Maize was used as a cold-sensitive model plant, exposed to chilling stress and low root-zone temperature (RZT) during early growth in a lab to field approach...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754250/estimated-daily-quercetin-intake-and-association-with-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-chinese-adults
#13
Zhanxin Yao, Yeqing Gu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Hongbin Shi, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Yuntang Wu, Kun Song, Weina Gao, Changjiang Guo, Kaijun Niu
PURPOSE: Quercetin is one of potential antidiabetic substances because of its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. The purpose of this study is to estimate daily quercetin intake and assess the relationship between dietary quercetin intake and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a Chinese population. METHODS: Dietary intake was investigated by a validated 100-item food frequency questionnaire. Daily intakes of quercetin and nutrients were calculated accordingly...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753736/catalase-inhibition-induces-pexophagy-through-ros-accumulation
#14
Joon No Lee, Raghbendra Kumar Dutta, Yunash Maharjan, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Jae-Young Lim, Se-Jin Kim, Dong-Hyung Cho, Hong-Seob So, Seong-Kyu Choe, Raekil Park
Peroxisomes are dynamic and multifunctional organelles involved in various cellular metabolic processes, and their numbers are tightly regulated by pexophagy, a selective degradation of peroxisomes through autophagy to maintain peroxisome homeostasis in cells. Catalase, a major peroxisome protein, plays a critical role in removing peroxisome-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by peroxisome enzymes, but the contribution of catalase to pexophagy has not been reported. Here, we investigated the role of catalase in peroxisome degradation during nutrient deprivation...
May 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750149/the-antioxidative-function-of-alpha-ketoglutarate-and-its-applications
#15
REVIEW
Shaojuan Liu, Liuqin He, Kang Yao
Alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) is a crucial intermediate of the Krebs cycle and plays a critical role in multiple metabolic processes in animals and humans. Of note, AKG contributes to the oxidation of nutrients (i.e., amino acids, glucose, fatty acids) and then provides energy for cell processes. As a precursor of glutamate and glutamine, AKG acts as an antioxidant agent as it directly reacts with hydrogen peroxide with formation of succinate, water, and carbon dioxide; meanwhile, it discharges plenty of ATP by oxidative decarboxylation...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740584/associations-between-dietary-antioxidant-intake-and-markers-of-atherosclerosis-in-middle-aged-women-from-north-western-algeria
#16
Mustapha Diaf, Meghit Boumediene Khaled
Background: The role of several dietary antioxidants in preventing the development and the progression of atherosclerosis has recently aroused considerable interest. Although they are not yet conclusive, most of the existing suggestions support this hypothesis. Objective: The aim of the present work was to investigate the intake of dietary antioxidant nutrients in relation to atherogenic indices in a group of Algerian middle aged women with and without type 2 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of middle-aged women from the north western region of Algeria...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737621/effect-of-elevated-co-2-on-the-interaction-between-invasive-thrips-frankliniella-occidentalis-and-its-host-kidney-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris
#17
Lei Qian, Shuqi He, Xiaowei Liu, Zujin Huang, Fajun Chen, Furong Gui
BACKGROUND: Elevated CO2 can alter the leaf damage caused by insect herbivores. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) is highly destructive invasive pest in crop production worldwide. To investigate how elevated CO2 affects F. occidentalis fed with Phaseolus vulgaris and in particularly, the interaction between plant defense and thrips anti-defense, nutrients content and antioxidant enzymes activity of P. vulgaris have been measured, as well as the detoxifying enzymes activity of adult thrips...
May 8, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737374/dietary-selenomethionine-administration-and-its-effects-on-the-american-alligator-alligator-mississippiensis-oxidative-status-and-corticosterone-levels
#18
John W Finger, Matthew T Hamilton, Meghan D Kelley, Yufeng Zhang, Andreas N Kavazis, Travis C Glenn, Tracey D Tuberville
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient which in excess causes toxicity. The disposal of incompletely combusted coal, which often is rich in Se, into aquatic settling basins is increasing the risk of Se exposure worldwide. However, very few studies have looked at the physiological effects of Se exposure on long-lived, top trophic vertebrates, such as the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). During a 7-week period, alligators were fed one of three dietary treatments: mice injected with deionized water or mice injected with water containing 1000 or 2000 ppm selenomethionine (SeMet)...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730402/response-of-three-citrus-genotypes-used-as-rootstocks-grown-under-boron-excess-conditions
#19
Silvia Simón-Grao, Manuel Nieves, Juan J Martínez-Nicolás, José M Cámara-Zapata, Marina Alfosea-Simón, Francisco García-Sánchez
In citrus, the effects of an excess of boron (B) are conditioned by the type of rootstock. In the present work, the morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of seedlings from three citrus genotypes, commonly used as rootstocks in citriculture. In particular, Citrange Carrizo (CC), Citrus macrophylla (CM) and sour orange (SO) seedlings were treated with an excess of B (10 mg L-1 ) in the nutrient solution in order to determine the relative tolerance and to understand the possible mechanisms that make a rootstock more tolerant than the others...
May 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729421/possible-use-of-punica-granatum-pomegranate-in-cancer-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Amrita Devi Khwairakpam, Devivasha Bordoloi, Krishan Kumar Thakur, Javadi Monisha, Frank Arfuso, Gautam Sethi, Srishti Mishra, Alan P Kumar, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
The intake of fruits has proven to reduce the risk and incidence of cancer worldwide and plays a crucial role in cancer prevention. Pomegranate (Punica granatum), which belongs to the Punicaceae family, is one such plant that contains beneficial nutrients as well as many bioactive components and important phytochemicals that can be attributed to cancer-related therapeutic purposes. Pomegranate possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, anti-angiogenic, anti-invasive, and anti-metastatic properties, and induces apoptosis...
May 2, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
keyword
keyword
9165
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"