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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048542/adolescent-information-management-and-parental-knowledge-in-non-latino-white-and-latino-youth-managing-type-1-diabetes
#1
Christy Tucker, Deborah J Wiebe, Alexandra Main, Alyssa G Lee, Perrin C White
The objective of this study is to examine associations between adolescents' regulation of information about their type 1 diabetes (adolescent disclosure, secrecy), parental knowledge about their adolescent's diabetes management, diabetes outcomes (adherence, HbA1c), and depressive symptoms in Non-Latino White and Latino families. In all, 118 adolescents (56 = Latino, 62 = Non-Latino White) completed surveys of disclosure to and secrecy from parents, parental knowledge of adolescent diabetes management, adherence, and depressive symptoms, and mothers completed measures of maternal knowledge and adolescent adherence...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of oral anti-diabetic agents in women with established diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance or previous gestational diabetes who are planning a pregnancy, or pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes, on maternal and infant health...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041003/depression-in-the-context-of-medical-disorders-new-pharmacological-pathways-revisited
#3
Undine E Lang, Marc Walter
The depressive state has been characterised as one of elevated inflammation, changed cardiovascular parameters and a deranged metabolic situation all of which holds promise for a better understanding and handling of treatment-resistance in affective disorders as well as for future developments in treatment algorithms. In this context several biomarkers are differentially regulated by antidepressant treatment and connected to metabolic, inflammatory, cardiovascular and apoptotic components of the pathophysiology, i...
October 17, 2017: Neuro-Signals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037887/depression-and-related-risk-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jazan-area-ksa-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037148/effectiveness-of-a-precede-based-education-intervention-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#5
Qiong Wang, Lini Dong, Zaijin Jian, Xianghua Tang
BACKGROUND: One of the most important challenges in public health is to improve the quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Depression, self-care capacity, and quality of life interact each other in these patients. It's difficult to treat with general education programs and conventional therapy. PRECEDE model is a comprehensive and exclusive theory-based education programs. Its effectiveness for reducing depression and increasing quality of life has been demonstrated in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting, type 2 diabetes, and the elderly...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037063/barriers-to-self-management-in-depressed-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Monique M Ridosh, Gayle Roux, Meghan Meehan, Sue Penckofer
Purpose To describe the impact of family functioning on the self-management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and depression in a subsample of women who completed a randomized clinical trial using vitamin D3 (5000 or 50,000 IUs weekly) for depression treatment. Background Women are at higher risk for increased severity of T2DM when experiencing depression. Methods Narrative inquiry was used. A semi-structured interview was conducted to understand helpful strategies and barriers in managing T2DM and depression. In addition, women were asked their meaning of family quality of life (FQOL)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036387/uncovering-exposures-responsible-for-birth-season-disease-effects-a-global-study
#7
Mary Regina Boland, Pradipta Parhi, Li Li, Riccardo Miotto, Robert Carroll, Usman Iqbal, Phung-Anh Alex Nguyen, Martijn Schuemie, Seng Chan You, Donahue Smith, Sean Mooney, Patrick Ryan, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Rae Woong Park, Josh Denny, Joel T Dudley, George Hripcsak, Pierre Gentine, Nicholas P Tatonetti
Objective: Birth month and climate impact lifetime disease risk, while the underlying exposures remain largely elusive. We seek to uncover distal risk factors underlying these relationships by probing the relationship between global exposure variance and disease risk variance by birth season. Material and Methods: This study utilizes electronic health record data from 6 sites representing 10.5 million individuals in 3 countries (United States, South Korea, and Taiwan)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035724/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-suicidal-death
#8
Jin Pyo Hong, Subin Park, Sung-Ho Ahn, Jong S Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the relative risk of suicidal death compared to the general population and to identify risk factors for suicidal death among stroke patients. METHODS: Our sample consisted of 7175 patients who were diagnosed with stroke and admitted at Asan Medical Center from January 2005 to December 2012. Information on suicidal death was obtained from the database of the Korean National Statistical Office. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for post-stroke suicide was estimated...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031410/harnessing-gut-microbes-for-mental-health-getting-from-here-to-there
#9
REVIEW
Annadora J Bruce-Keller, J Michael Salbaum, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
There has been an explosion of interest in the study of microorganisms inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract (gut microbiota) and their impact on host health and physiology. Accumulating data suggest that altered communication between gut microbiota and host systems could participate in disorders such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and autoimmune disorders as well as neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism, anxiety, and major depressive disorders. The conceptual development of the microbiome-gut-brain axis has facilitated understanding of the complex and bidirectional networks between gastrointestinal microbiota and their host, highlighting potential mechanisms through which this environment influences central nervous system physiology...
August 30, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028481/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-as-risk-factors-of-dementia-in-a-mexican-population-a-10-66-dementia-research-group-study
#10
Isaac Acosta, Guilherme Borges, Rebeca Aguirre-Hernandez, Ana Luisa Sosa, Martin Prince
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive and/or memory impairment are the main clinical markers currently used to identify subjects at risk of developing dementia. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms and dementia incidence. METHODS: We analyzed the association between neuropsychiatric symptoms and incident dementia in a cohort of 1355 Mexican older adults from the general population over 3 years of follow-up, modeling cumulative incidence ratios using Poisson models...
October 10, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024981/diabetes-in-pregnancy-worse-medical-outcomes-in-type-1-diabetes-but-worse-psychological-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#11
A M Egan, F P Dunne, K Lydon, S Conneely, K Sarma, B E McGuire
Background: Women with diabetes experience an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Aim: We aim to describe and quantify the psychological impact of the diagnosis of diabetes in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) compared to each other and to their counterparts without diabetes. Design: This is a survey-based study with prospective collection of pregnancy outcome data. Methods: A total of 218 pregnant women (50% with diabetes) were administered questionnaires relating to psychological health...
August 2, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024954/physical-activity-a-primary-health-quality-determinant-among-community-dwelling-geriatric-women-in-taiwan
#12
Ching Hwa Hsu, Heng-Hsin Tung, Daniel L Clinciu, Liang-Kung Chen, Wei-Hsian Yin, Usman Iqbal, Tsae-Jyy Wang
Objective: To investigate the associations between frailty, physical activity and depression in community-dwelling geriatric women. Design: A cross-sectional research design. Setting: Community geriatric women in Illan County, Taiwan. Study participants: Of note 216 participants, 65 years and older with full mobility, independent and able to communicate in Mandarin or Taiwanese Hokkien. Main Outcome Measures: An average weekly physical activity score International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF) and Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale...
August 19, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024553/obesity-risk-factors-complications-and-strategies-for-sustainable-long-term-weight-management
#13
Sharon M Fruh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aims of this article are to review the effects of obesity on health and well-being and the evidence indicating they can be ameliorated by weight loss, and consider weight-management strategies that may help patients achieve and maintain weight loss. METHODS: Narrative review based on literature searches of PubMed up to May 2016 with no date limits imposed. Search included terms such as "obesity," "overweight," "weight loss," "comorbidity," "diabetes," cardiovascular," "cancer," "depression," "management," and "intervention...
October 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024552/current-pharmacotherapies-for-obesity-a-practical-perspective
#14
Angela Golden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To review the currently available pharmacotherapies for obesity management with a particular focus on the United States. METHODS: Narrative review based on literature searches and the latest prescribing information (up to July 2017). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity pharmacotherapies may assist those individuals who have obesity, or overweight with comorbidities, who have failed to maintain weight loss with lifestyle modifications alone (caloric restriction and increased physical activity)...
October 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023938/a-pharmacist-led-program-to-evaluate-and-reduce-polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-hiv-positive-patients
#15
I R McNicholl, M Gandhi, C Bradley Hare, M Greene, E Pierluissi
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this pharmacist-led study was to utilize 2 validated instruments, Beers and Screening Tool of Older Persons' Potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP), to assess potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in older patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and evaluate pharmacist interventions. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, interventional trial. SETTING: Large urban clinic providing interdisciplinary primary and HIV care for approximately 2700 HIV-positive, publically insured patients...
October 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022872/arterial-stiffness-is-associated-with-depression-in-middle-aged-men-the-maastricht-study
#16
Veronica Onete, Ronald M Henry, Simone J S Sep, Annemarie Koster, Carla J van der Kallen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Nicolaas Schaper, Sebastian Köhler, Koen Reesink, Coen D A Stehouwer, Miranda T Schram
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffening may underlie the association between depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but reported data are inconsistent. We investigated the associations between aortic stiffness and major depressive disorder (MDD) and depressive symptoms, and whether these differed by sex and age. METHODS: We measured carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using applanation tonometry, and we assessed depression using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in a cohort of participants from The Maastricht Study...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022162/the-effect-of-religious-belief-and-forgiveness-on-coping-with-diabetes
#17
Ece Yazla, Mehmet Emrah Karadere, Ferit Kerim Küçükler, Çağatay Karşıdağ, Leman İnanç, Elif Kankoç, Melda Dönertaş, Emre Demir
We aimed to investigate the relationship of religious beliefs and forgiveness in diabetic patients with various sociodemographic characteristics, emotional problems and glycaemic control. The study comprises 100 patients diagnosed with type 2 DM. We used a data collection form, the Scale of Forgiveness and Religiosity (SFR), Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL). We also recorded blood glucose and HbA1c test results...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021708/effects-of-ginseng-on-stress-related-depression-anxiety-and-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis
#18
REVIEW
Seungyeop Lee, Dong-Kwon Rhee
Ginseng effectively regulates the immune response and the hormonal changes due to stress, thus maintaining homeostasis. In addition to suppressing the occurrence of psychological diseases such as anxiety and depression, ginseng also prevents stress-associated physiological diseases. Recent findings have revealed that ginseng is involved in adjusting the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and controlling hormones, thus producing beneficial effects on the heart and brain, and in cases of bone diseases, as well as alleviating erectile dysfunction...
October 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016549/depressive-symptoms-antidepressant-medication-use-and-inflammatory-markers-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#19
Mary de Groot, David Marrero, Lisa Mele, Todd Doyle, Frank Schwartz, Kieren J Mather, Ronald Goldberg, David W Price, Yong Ma, William C Knowler
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medication use (ADM) has been shown to predict diabetes. This paper assessed the role of inflammatory markers in this relationship within the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). METHODS: DPP participants randomized to Metformin (MET), Lifestyle Intervention (ILS) or placebo (PLB) were assessed for depression (BDI; Beck Depression Inventory) annually; ADM use semi-annually; serum inflammatory markers (CRP, IL-6) at baseline and Year 1; and diagnosis of T2DM semi-annually (over 3...
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993732/purinergic-signalling-therapeutic-developments
#20
REVIEW
Geoffrey Burnstock
Purinergic signalling, i.e., the role of nucleotides as extracellular signalling molecules, was proposed in 1972. However, this concept was not well accepted until the early 1990's when receptor subtypes for purines and pyrimidines were cloned and characterised, which includes four subtypes of the P1 (adenosine) receptor, seven subtypes of P2X ion channel receptors and 8 subtypes of the P2Y G protein-coupled receptor. Early studies were largely concerned with the physiology, pharmacology and biochemistry of purinergic signalling...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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