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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105778/psychosocial-screening-and-management-of-young-people-aged-18-25-years-with-diabetes
#1
Helen d'Emden, Brett McDermott, Neisha D'Silva, Tom Dover, Tatjana Ewais, Kristen Gibbons, Trisha O'Moore-Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Routine psychosocial screening and management of people with diabetes is recommended. AIMS: To profile demographic, medical and psychosocial characteristics of young people with diabetes, and to develop a screening tool and care pathway for routine use. METHODS: Indices of diabetes control and recorded diabetes complications were complimented by psychosocial screening tools assessing psychological, diabetes specific, and perceived stress (K10, PAID, PSS), well-being (WHO-5), disordered eating ((EDI-3RC), compensatory behaviour questionnaire, social support (MSPSS), resilience (CD-2) and financial concerns...
January 20, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105082/genetic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-chinese-ketosis-prone-mody-3-family-with-depression
#2
Jun Tang, Chen-Yi Tang, Fang Wang, Yue Guo, Hao-Neng Tang, Ci-La Zhou, Shu-Wen Tan, Shi-Ping Liu, Zhi-Guang Zhou, Hou-De Zhou
BACKGROUND: To analyze the gene mutation and mental disorder of a Chinese ketosis-prone diabetes (KPD) family, and to make a precise diagnosis and give a treatment for them. METHODS: We studied a Chinese family with a clinical diagnosis of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). The clinical data and the blood samples were collected. The promotor and coding regions inclusive intron exon boundaries of the HNF1A, HNF4A were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104446/factors-associated-with-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-the-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-br
#3
Bruno de Souza Moreira, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Alessandra de Carvalho Bastone, Eduardo Ferriolli, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Roberto Alves Lourenço, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Renata Noce Kirkwood
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the associated factors with fear of falling in community-dwelling older adults with and without diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Data from the Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study (FIBRA-BR), involving 4449 individuals aged 65years or older (19.2% with diabetes), were analyzed. The potential factors associated with fear of falling included sociodemographic data, chronic diseases, health-related variables and functional capacity measures...
January 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104409/gigantol-from-dendrobium-chrysotoxum-lindl-binds-and-inhibits-aldose-reductase-gene-to-exert-its-anti-cataract-activity-an-in-vitro-mechanistic-study
#4
Jie Wu, Xue Li, Wencheng Wan, Qiaohong Yang, Weifeng Ma, Dan Chen, Jiangmiao Hu, C-Y Oliver Chen, Xiaoyong Wei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dendrobium. chrysotoxum Lindl is a commonly used species of medicinal Dendrobium which belongs to the family of Orchidaceae, locally known as "Shihu" or "Huangcao". D. chrysotoxum Lindl is widely known for medicinal values in traditional Chinese medicine as it possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperglycemic induction, antitumor and antioxidant properties. STUDY AIM: To characterize the interaction between gigantol extracted from D...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103702/illness-perception-clusters-and-relationship-quality-are-associated-with-diabetes-distress-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Emma Berry, Mark Davies, Martin Dempster
This report aims to augment what is already known about emotional distress in Type 2 diabetes, by assessing the predictive value of illness perception clusters and relationship quality on four subcategories of Diabetes Distress.162 individuals with Type 2 diabetes responded to a postal questionnaire assessing demographics, depression, diabetes distress, illness perceptions and relationship quality. Long-term blood glucose was retrieved from participants' General Practitioner. Three illness perception clusters emerged from the data, capturing three subgroups of participants sharing similar illness perception schemas...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102890/handgrip-strength-in-old-and-very-old-adults-mood-cognition-function-and-mortality
#6
Jochanan Stessman, Yakir Rottenberg, Matan Fischer, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trajectory of handgrip strength (HGS) from age 70 to 90 and its association with mood, cognition, functional status, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous representative community-dwelling cohort (born 1920-21) in the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-based assessment. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects aged 70 (n = 327), 78 (n = 384), 85 (n = 1187), and 90 (n = 406), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100238/chronic-physical-conditions-multimorbidity-and-physical-activity-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, Felipe B Schuch, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: There are no nationally representative population-based studies investigating the relationship between physical activity, chronic conditions and multimorbidity (i.e., two or more chronic conditions) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and studies on a multi-national level are lacking. This is an important research gap, given the rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with lifestyle changes in these countries. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between chronic conditions, multimorbidity and low physical activity (PA) among community-dwelling adults in 46 LMICs, and explore the mediators of these relationships...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099913/zibupiyin-recipe-improves-cognitive-decline-by-regulating-gut-microbiota-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-rats
#8
Chunyan Gu, Wen Zhou, Wang Wang, Hong Xiang, Huiying Xu, Lina Liang, Hua Sui, Libin Zhan, Xiaoguang Lu
Numerous researches supported that microbiota can influence behavior and modulate cognitive function through "microbiota-gut-brain" axis. Our previous study has demonstrated that ZiBuPiYin recipe (ZBPYR) possesses excellent pharmacological effects against diabetes-associated cognitive decline. To elucidate the role of ZBPYR in regulating the balance of gut microbiota to improve psychological-stress-induced diabetes-associated cognitive decline (PSDACD), we compared blood glucose, behavioral and cognitive functions and diversity of the bacterial community among experimental groups...
January 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098957/the-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-a-population-based-study
#9
Michael E Silverman, Abraham Reichenberg, David A Savitz, Sven Cnattingius, Paul Lichtenstein, Christina M Hultman, Henrik Larsson, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes. Only a few large population-based studies of PPD have used clinical diagnoses of depression and no study has examined how a maternal depression history interacts with known risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a depression history on PPD and pre- and perinatal risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide prospective cohort study of all women with live singleton births in Sweden from 1997 through 2008 was conducted...
January 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#10
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091969/quality-of-life-as-predictor-for-the-development-of-cardiac-ischemia-in-high-risk-asymptomatic-diabetic-patients
#11
Philip Haaf, Myriam Ritter, Leticia Grize, Matthias E Pfisterer, Michael J Zellweger
BACKGROUND: Ischemia induced by psychological stress and depression is a common phenomenon in stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the quality of life (QoL) of diabetic patients screened for CAD and assessed the prognostic value of mental and physical QoL scores to predict the development of new cardiac ischemia. METHODS: Prospective multicentre outcome study. The study comprised 400 asymptomatic diabetic patients without history or symptoms of CAD...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090642/depression-or-diabetes-distress
#12
Taylor Dieter, Joy Lauerer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need for improved recognition of depression versus diabetes distress and discuss recommendations for appropriate screening tools. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: In order to assess for both depression and diabetes distress, a combined approach of using both the WHO-5 and the PAID-20 is a simple and reliable method for detecting depression and assisting in determining the focus of specific aspects of diabetes management based on the patient's reported depressive symptoms...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#13
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077689/giant-cell-arteritis-and-vascular-disease-risk-factors-and-outcomes-a-cohort-study-using-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#14
Lin Li, Tuhina Neogi, Susan Jick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between GCA and vascular diseases and other comorbidities in patients with GCA compared with non-vasculitis patients. METHODS: Using the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink we identified 9778 newly diagnosed GCA patients in 1990-2014, and up to 10 non-vasculitis patients randomly matched to each case on age, sex, practice and years of history before cohort entry. We compared the distributions of 9 different pre-existing vascular diseases and 11 other comorbidities, and risks of incident vascular diseases and other comorbidities after cohort entry between GCA and non-vasculitis patients...
January 11, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077458/type-2-diabetes-and-comorbid-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-longitudinal-associations-with-mortality-risk
#15
Kiyuri Naicker, Jeffrey A Johnson, Jens C Skogen, Douglas Manuel, Simon Øverland, Børge Sivertsen, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: Depression is strongly linked to increased mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Despite high rates of co-occurring anxiety and depression, the risk of death associated with comorbid anxiety in individuals with type 2 diabetes is poorly understood. This study documented the excess mortality risk associated with symptoms of depression and/or anxiety comorbid with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using data for 64,177 Norwegian adults from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 2), with linkage to the Norwegian Causes of Death Registry, we assessed all-cause mortality from survey participation in 1995 through to 2013...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077315/inhibition-of-inos-alleviates-cognitive-deficits-and-depression-in-diabetic-mice-through-downregulating-the-no-sgc-cgmp-pkg-signal-pathway
#16
Xiao Yan Zhou, Fang Zhang, Chang Jiang Ying, Jing Chen, Ling Chen, Jing Dong, Yue Shi, Mang Tang, Xiao Tong Hu, Zhi Hua Pan, Na Na Xu, Kui Yang Zheng, Ren Xian Tang, Yuan Jian Song
Diabetes mellitus often results in a number of complications involving impaired brain function, including cognitive deficits and depression. However, the potential mechanisms for diabetes-related cognitive deficits and depression are not fully understood. Neurons in the hippocampal, cortical and amygdala functional regions are more susceptible to damage during hyperglycemia. Neuroprotection in the brain can rescue cognitive deficits and depression induced by hyperglycemia. This study investigated the potential mechanisms underlying diabetes-related congnitive deficits and depression, determined whether the inflammatory factor inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the nitric oxide (NO)/soluble guanylyl cyclases (sGC)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)/protein kinase G (PKG) pathway, play key roles in cognitive deficits and depression associated...
January 8, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076678/managing-medical-comorbidities-in-patients-with-depression-to-improve-overall-prognosis
#17
Michael E Thase
Clinicians should weigh potential adverse effects of antidepressant medications when treating patients with medical comorbidities. Consider an example of the choices that sometimes must be made through the case of Tony, a 64-year-old man whose current diagnosis of hypertension and increased risk of diabetes influence his treatment for depression.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076632/-emma-study-a-brazilian-community-based-cohort-study-of-stroke-mortality-and-morbidity
#18
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke has a high burden of disability and mortality. The aim here was to evaluate epidemiology, risk factors and prognosis for stroke in the EMMA Study (Study of Stroke Mortality and Morbidity). DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Prospective community-based cohort carried out in Hospital Universitário, University of São Paulo, 2006-2014. METHODS: Stroke data based on fatal and non-fatal events were assessed, including sociodemographic data, mortality and predictors, which were evaluated by means of logistic regression and survival analyses...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#19
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075544/the-impact-of-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-prevention-programmes-based-on-risk-identification-and-lifestyle-intervention-intensity-strategies-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
P R Breeze, C Thomas, H Squires, A Brennan, C Greaves, P J Diggle, E Brunner, A Tabak, L Preston, J Chilcott
AIMS: To develop a cost-effectiveness model to compare Type 2 diabetes prevention programmes targeting different at-risk population subgroups with a lifestyle intervention of varying intensity. METHODS: An individual patient simulation model was constructed to simulate the development of diabetes in a representative sample of adults without diabetes from the UK population. The model incorporates trajectories for HbA1c , 2-h glucose, fasting plasma glucose, BMI, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol...
January 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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