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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227260/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-during-the-second-half-year-after-stroke
#1
M Delva, N Lytvynenko, I Delva
Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common and often debilitating sequel of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with different PSF domains over the second half year after stroke occurrence. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points: at 6 months (156 patients), at 9 months (139 patients) and at 12 months (128 patients) after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Global PSF and certain PSF domains (physical, mental, motivational, activity-related) were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 scale...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226116/alcohol-consumption-in-diabetic-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Preya J Patel, David Smith, Jason P Connor, Leigh U Horsfall, Kelly L Hayward, Fabrina Hossain, Suzanne Williams, Tracey Johnson, Katherine A Stuart, Nigel N Brown, Nivene Saad, Andrew D Clouston, Katharine M Irvine, Anthony W Russell, Patricia C Valery, Elizabeth E Powell
Aim: To examine the association between lifetime alcohol consumption and significant liver disease in type 2 diabetic patients with NAFLD. Methods: A cross-sectional study assessing 151 patients with NAFLD at risk of clinically significant liver disease. NAFLD fibrosis severity was classified by transient elastography; liver stiffness measurements ≥8.2 kPa defined significant fibrosis. Lifetime drinking history classified patients into nondrinkers, light drinkers (always ≤20 g/day), and moderate drinkers (any period with intake >20 g/day)...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224691/musculoskeletal-health-conditions-among-older-populations-in-urban-slums-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
REVIEW
Isabella Aboderin, Agnes Nanyonjo
BACKGROUND: Debate on the burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions in lower and middle income countries is intensifying; yet, little knowledge so far exists on patterns and impacts of such conditions among general or older adult populations in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The objectives of this study are to examine the prevalence, potential predictors, and sequelae of MSK among older adults residing in two low resource informal urban settlements or "slums" in Nairobi Kenya. METHODS: Data on older adults aged 60 years and over from two unrelated cross-sectional surveys on the older slum populations are used: a 2006/7 survey on the social, health, and overall well-being of older people (sample N = 831), and a 2016 survey on realities and impacts of long-term care and social protection for older adults (sample n = 1026)...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224581/executive-function-and-other-cognitive-deficits-are-distal-risk-factors-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-9-years-later
#4
Nur Hani Zainal, Michelle G Newman
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive model (Hirsch & Mathews, 2012) and attentional control theory (Eysenck & Derakshan, 2011) postulate that compromised executive function (EF) and other cognitive constructs are negatively linked to increased excessive and uncontrollable worry, the core symptom of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). However, the prospective link between neuropsychological constructs and GAD are not well understood. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 2605 community-dwelling adults whose average age was 55...
December 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223020/depressive-symptoms-impaired-glucose-metabolism-high-visceral-fat-and-high-systolic-blood-pressure-in-a-subgroup-of-women-with-recent-gestational-diabetes
#5
U Ferrari, F Banning, I Freibothe, K Tröndle, V Sacco, C Wichmann, S Reif, S Moschko, A Potzel, C Gar, N N Sommer, D Popp, J Seissler, A Lechner, H Künzel
Women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are a high risk group for early type 2 diabetes (T2D). Depression is a risk factor for T2D in the general population. We investigated in women after a recent pregnancy with GDM and without a clinical diagnosis of depression, whether mild to moderate depressive symptoms associate with pathologic glucose metabolism. In a cross-sectional analysis, we examined 173 women, 9 ± 3 months after delivery with several psychopathological assessments, 5-point oral glucose tolerance test with insulin, anthropometrics, and laboratory chemistry...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218959/self-efficacy-depression-and-self-care-activities-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-turkey
#6
Sultan Kav, Arzu Akman Yilmaz, Yasemin Bulut, Nevin Dogan
Background: Self-efficacy related to self-care behaviors in people with type 2 diabetes has been well reported. However no work has been reported in Turkey that uses reliable instruments to examine the relationships among self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy. Aim: This study aims to investigate self-care activities, depression and self-efficacy among people with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Methods: The sample included 200 patients with type 2 diabetes from an endocrinology outpatient clinic at a university hospital...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217502/the-impact-of-a-mobile-diabetes-health-intervention-on-diabetes-distress-and-depression-among-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Charlene C Quinn, Krystal K Swasey, J Christopher F Crabbe, Michelle D Shardell, Michael L Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, demanding disease that requires the constant attention of patients. The burden of self-management, including different medication regimens, routine self-care activities, and provider visits, has an impact on patients' emotional well-being. Diabetes distress and depression are two important components of emotional well-being that may negatively affect diabetes outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the impact of the 1-year Mobile Diabetes Intervention Study cluster randomized clinical trial on emotional well-being measured by diabetes distress and depression among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217142/pharmacist-led-depression-screening-and-intervention-in-an-underserved-rural-and-multiethnic-diabetic-population
#8
Charlotte Wilson, Geoffrey Twigg
OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of implementation and integration of community pharmacist-led depression screening for patients with diabetes in an underserved rural area and to assess the response rate of prescribers to pharmacist-led depression screening and treatment recommendation. SETTING: Independent community pharmacy-run diabetes education center. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Clinical community pharmacy site on Maryland's Eastern Shore...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#9
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215592/natural-korean-medicine-dang-gui-biosynthesis-effective-extraction-and-formulations-of-major-active-pyranocoumarins-their-molecular-action-mechanism-in-cancer-and-other-biological-activities
#10
REVIEW
Chinreddy Subramanyam Reddy, Seong Cheol Kim, Mok Hur, Yeon Bok Kim, Chun Geon Park, Woo Moon Lee, Jae Ki Jang, Sung Cheol Koo
Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) is a crucial oriental medicinal herb that grows especially in Korea and the Far-East countries. It contains chemically active compounds like pyranocoumarins, polyacetylenes and essential oils, which might be useful for treatment of several chronic diseases. It has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in Southeast Asia, but in Western countries is used as a functional food and a major ingredient of several herbal products. The genus Angelica is also known as 'female ginseng' due to its critical therapeutic role in female afflictions, such as gynecological problems...
December 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215576/fasting-plasma-glucose-self-appraised-diet-quality-and-depressive-symptoms-a-us-representative-cross-sectional-study
#11
Erin Hoare, Sarah R Dash, Pia Varsamis, Garry L Jennings, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) contribute significantly to global burden of disease and often co-occur. Underpinning type 2 diabetes is poor glycaemic control and glucose is also an obligatory substrate for brain metabolism, with potential implications for cognition, motivation and mood. This research aimed to examine the relationships between fasting plasma glucose and depressive symptoms in a large, population representative sample of US adults, controlling for other demographic and lifestyle behavioural risk factors...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214822/meeting-sleep-guidelines-is-associated-with-better-health-related-quality-of-life-and-reduced-premature-all-cause-mortality-risk
#12
Paul D Loprinzi, Chelsea Joyner
PURPOSE: To examine whether meeting sleep guidelines (7-9 hours/night) is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and reduced all-cause mortality risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 423 adults. MEASURES: Sleep duration and HRQOL were assessed from self-report; covariates assessed via survey, examination, and laboratory data; and mortality assessed through 2011 via matching from the National Death Index...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212599/depressive-symptoms-at-critical-times-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-following-type-1-diabetes-diagnosis-and-insulin-pump-initiation
#13
Dayna E McGill, Lisa K Volkening, David M Pober, Andrew B Muir, Deborah L Young-Hyman, Lori M Laffel
PURPOSE: Depressive symptoms occur at various times during the life cycle in persons with type 1 diabetes. We investigated depressive symptoms prospectively in youth with new-onset type 1 diabetes and in those beginning pump therapy. METHODS: Youth with type 1 diabetes (N = 96), ages 10-17 years, completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) at baseline and at 1, 6, and 12 months after diabetes onset or pump start; scores ≥13 indicated clinical elevation...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212527/anemia-is-associated-with-incidence-of-dementia-a-national-health-screening-study-in-korea-involving-37-900-persons
#14
Su-Min Jeong, Dong Wook Shin, Ji Eun Lee, Jung Hyeon Hyeon, Jinkook Lee, SangYun Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether anemia is associated with dementia incidence in the elderly. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) database, we identified 66-year-old subjects (n = 37,900) who were free of dementia and stroke. Anemia (hemoglobin < 12 g/dl for women and < 13 g/dl for men) and the severity of anemia (mild, moderate, or severe) were defined using World Health Organization criteria...
December 6, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211038/prevalence-of-self-reported-diagnosed-cataract-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-south-africans
#15
Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Karl Peltzer, Amelia Crampin, Edmund Ahame, Zinhle Sokhela
This paper estimates the prevalence of self-reported cataract and associated risk factors among individuals aged ≥50 years in South Africa. Data from a nationally-representative cross-sectional Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) (N = 3646) conducted in South Africa from 2007-2008 was analyzed. The primary outcome was self-reported cataract, and exposures included socio-demographics, self-reported co-morbidities, and behavioral factors. Linearized multivariate logistic regression models were used...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209380/health-care-utilization-and-expenditures-of-patients-with-diabetes-comorbid-with-depression-disorder-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Chun-Jen Huang, Hui-Min Hsieh, Herng-Chia Chiu, Peng-Wei Wang, Mei-Hsuan Lee, Chih-Yi Li, Ching-Hua Lin
Objective: The study investigated to compare health care utilization and expenditures between diabetic patients with and without depression in Taiwan. Methods: Health care utilization and expenditure among diabetic patients with and without depression disorder during 2000 and 2004 were examined using Taiwan's population-based National Health Insurance claims database. Health care utilization included outpatient visits and the use of inpatient services, and health expenditures were outpatient, inpatient, and total medical expenditures...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209102/the-incidence-of-depression-among-the-population-of-central-kazakhstan-and-its-relationship-with-sociodemographic-characteristics
#17
L Turgunova, Ye Laryushina, A Turmukhambetova, B Koichubekov, M Sorokina, I Korshukov
It has been established that the presence of depression is accompanied by an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The aim of this research was to estimate depressive symptom prevalence among the population in Central Kazakhstan and to define the relationship with social-demographic and behavioral factors. 1820 respondents of the population of Central Kazakhstan, aged 25 to 65, were performed. Participants included 777 urban and 1043 rural residents...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208999/associations-between-childhood-body-size-and-seventeen-adverse-outcomes-analysis-of-65-057-european-women
#18
Jingmei Li, Mikael Eriksson, Wei He, Per Hall, Kamila Czene
Large childhood body size has been consistently shown to be associated with decreased breast cancer risk. However, it is important to consider the effects of a large childhood body size on other adult diseases. It is not clear if the associations between childhood body size and adult diseases will persist if they later attain healthy weight. The associations between body size at age 7 and 17 adverse outcomes in adulthood were examined using Cox models in a Swedish study of 65,057 women. Large body size at age 7, when compared to small body size, was associated with decreased risk for breast cancer (HR [95% CI]: 0...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208621/retrospective-multicohort-analysis-of-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd-to-determine-differences-in-the-cost-of-medication-wastage-dispensing-fees-and-prescriber-time-of-issuing-either-short-60-days-or-long-%C3%A2-60-days-prescription-lengths-in-primary
#19
Brett Doble, Rupert Payne, Amelia Harshfield, Edward C F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patterns of early repeat prescriptions and treatment switching over an 11-year period to estimate differences in the cost of medication wastage, dispensing fees and prescriber time for short (<60 days) and long (≥60 days) prescription lengths from the perspective of the National Health Service in the UK. SETTING: Retrospective, multiple cohort study of primary care prescriptions from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. PARTICIPANTS: Five random samples of 50 000 patients each prescribed oral drugs for (1) glucose control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); (2) hypertension in T2DM; (3) statins (lipid management) in T2DM; (4) secondary prevention of myocardial infarction; and (5) depression...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206867/gnb3-overexpression-causes-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Alev Cagla Ozdemir, Grace M Wynn, Aimee Vester, M Neale Weitzmann, Gretchen N Neigh, Shanthi Srinivasan, M Katharine Rudd
The G-protein beta subunit 3 (GNB3) gene has been implicated in obesity risk; however, the molecular mechanism of GNB3-related disease is unknown. GNB3 duplication is responsible for a syndromic form of childhood obesity, and an activating DNA sequence variant (C825T) in GNB3 is also associated with obesity. To test the hypothesis that GNB3 overexpression causes obesity, we created bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) transgenic mice that carry an extra copy of the human GNB3 risk allele. Here we show that GNB3-T/+ mice have increased adiposity, but not greater food intake or a defect in satiety...
2017: PloS One
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