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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822052/bariatric-surgery-worldwide-baseline-demographic-description-and-one-year-outcomes-from-the-second-ifso-global-registry-report-2013-2015
#1
Richard Welbourn, Dimitri J Pournaras, John Dixon, Kelvin Higa, Robin Kinsman, Johan Ottosson, Almino Ramos, Bart van Wagensveld, Peter Walton, Rudolf Weiner, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Five International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) surveys since 1998 have estimated the volume and type of bariatric surgery being done in constituent member countries. These reports did not include baseline demographic descriptions. METHODS: An IFSO Global Registry pilot project in 2014 demonstrated that it was possible to amalgamate large numbers of individual patient data from different local and national database systems...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821515/does-the-person-s-context-influence-engagement-in-life-activities-following-primary-knee-replacement-results-from-a-canadian-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Aileen M Davis, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas-Sillanpää, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Fiona Webster
OBJECTIVE: The impact of the context of a person's life on recovery from surgical interventions is not well understood. This study evaluated if people's social, environmental and biomedical context was associated with change in frequency in engagement in life activities after total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: 418 people aged 30+ years who had TKR were followed presurgery to 1 year postsurgery. The outcome was change in frequency in engagement in life activities measured by the Late Life Disability Index (LLDI)...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#3
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818189/hemodialysis-treatment-engenders-anxiety-and-emotional-distress%C3%A2
#4
Joel D Kopple, Bryan B Shapiro, Usama Feroze, Jun Chul Kim, Min Zhang, Yinan Li, David J Martin
AIMS: Anxiety is common in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The extent to which anxiety is engendered by the dialysis treatment itself is not known. We investigated whether anxiety occurs with individual hemodialysis treatments and examined factors associated with these symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study examining 246 MHD patients. Anxiety and other emotional distresses associated with hemodialysis treatments were examined with a questionnaire...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817241/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-heart-failure-risk-in-the-elderly
#5
Catarina Magalhães Porto, Vanessa De Lima Silva, João Soares Brito da Luz, Brivaldo Markman Filho, Vera Magalhães da Silveira
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency and risk of heart failure in elderly patients of cardiology outpatient clinics. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study with an analytical approach was employed. Clinical data were collected from the elderly from August 2015 to February 2016. The dependent variable was the risk of heart failure; the independent variable was vitamin D deficiency; and intervening factors were age, gender, education, ethnicity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, renal failure, dementia, stroke, dyslipidaemia, depression, smoking, alcoholism, obesity, andropause, and cardiac arrhythmia...
August 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815987/health-related-quality-of-life-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-lorcaserin-for-obesity-management-what-mediates-improvement
#6
R L Kolotkin, R D Crosby, Z Wang
Lorcaserin, plus diet and exercise, has demonstrated significant weight loss and improved cardiometabolic parameters vs. placebo in patients with overweight/obesity in three randomized, placebo-controlled trials. We examined whether lorcaserin is also associated with greater improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and whether these improvements are wholly attributable to weight loss. Pooled data from Behavioral Modification and Lorcaserin for Overweight and Obesity Management (BLOOM), Behavioral Modification and Lorcaserin Second Study for Obesity Management (BLOSSOM) and BLOOM-Diabetes Mellitus (BLOOM-DM) trials were analysed (n = 5624)...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815415/type-2-diabetes-with-comorbid-depression-in-relation-to-cognitive-impairment-an-opportunity-for-prevention
#7
David A Zhang, Vicky Lam, Vanessa Chu, Ming Li
Studies show poor glycemic control is associated with increased risk of dementia among patients with Type 2 diabetes, indicating potential for prevention of dementia with improved glycemia. Emerging evidence suggests that a relationship between short-term glycemic control and cognitive function exists in Type 2 diabetes. However, detailed mechanisms relating diabetic dementia are lacking, as other concurrent conditions, such as depression, may also increase the risk of dementia in Type 2 diabetes. We examined the effects of glycemic control and depression on cognitive function in 88 patients (mean age, 67 ± 4 years) whose A1c (glycosylated hemoglobin) levels, comorbid depression, mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores were recorded at baseline...
August 16, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815394/shared-dysregulation-of-homeostatic-brain-body-pathways-in-depression-and-type-2-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Claire J Hoogendoorn, Juan F Roy, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of shared dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and brain-gut-microbiome (BGM) axes associated with depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Clinical implications and future research are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Both depression and T2D are associated with dysregulation of the HPA and BGM axes. These pathways regulate immune function, glucose metabolism, and sleep, which are altered in both illnesses...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#9
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812915/kardiovize-brno-2030-a-prospective-cardiovascular-health-study-in-central-europe-methods-baseline-findings-and-future-directions
#10
Narine K Movsisyan, Manlio Vinciguerra, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Šárka Kunzová, Martin Homolka, Jana Jaresova, Renata Cífková, Ondřej Sochor
Background Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent in Eastern and Central Europe, where the incidence is the highest in the world. The Kardiovize Brno 2030 study was designed as a prospective cohort study to investigate the complex relationships of cardiovascular disease and outcomes with a range of biological, psychosocial, environmental, behavioral, and economic factors in an urban population of the Czech Republic. Methods We randomly selected a 1% sample of the city of Brno residents aged 25-64 years stratified by sex and age...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810485/risk-perception-self-efficacy-trust-for-physician-depression-and-behavior-modification-in-diabetic-patients
#11
Hissei Imai, Toshiaki A Furukawa, Shin-U Hayashi, Atsushi Goto, Kazuo Izumi, Yasuaki Hayashino, Mitsuhiko Noda
We evaluated the associations of risk perception, self-efficacy, and trust with two health promotion behaviors (food habits and exercise) and depressive mood. Diabetic patients aged between 40 and 64 ( n = 1195) were included in the analyses. Risk perception worsened behavioral changes in terms of food habits and depression, whereas self-efficacy and trust improved food habits, exercise, and depression; trust improved exercise and depression. In conclusion, self-efficacy and trust appear to be more beneficial than risk perception for positive behavioral changes and for improving depression in diabetic patients...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810481/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depressed-patients-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#12
Jananezwary Kanapathy, Vanessa Bogle
Depression is common among patients with diabetes, who have a higher risk of diabetes-related complications such as diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and macrovascular complications. The aim of the systematic review is to determine whether cognitive behavioural therapy is effective in reducing depressive symptoms and improving glycaemic control among depressed diabetic patients. The results reveal diversified application of cognitive behavioural therapy. All studies reported that cognitive behavioural therapy had a positive impact on depressive symptoms; three found an improvement in glycated haemoglobin, and one demonstrated improved self-efficacy and self-concept related to successful diabetes management...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810360/habit-strength-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-symptoms-of-poor-mental-health-and-unintentional-non-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemic-medication-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Rachel J Burns, Sonya S Deschênes, Bärbel Knäuper, Norbert Schmitz
This study tested if habit strength for taking oral hypoglycemic medication moderated the association between poor mental health symptoms (i.e. depressive symptoms, diabetes distress) and unintentional non-adherence in 790 adults with type 2 diabetes. Data were cross-sectional. A habit strength × depressive symptom interaction was observed. Depressive symptoms were negatively associated with adherence if habit was weak or of average strength; no association was observed if habit was strong. A similar interaction emerged when diabetes distress was examined...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809934/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-nested-case-control-study
#14
Chiu-Ying Chen, Hui-Jung Hung, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chon-Haw Tsai, Trong-Neng Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that chronic exposure to air pollution can significantly increase the risk of the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but this relationship is inconclusive as large-scale prospective studies are limited and the results are inconsistent. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure in a nationwide population using a longitudinal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the National Health Insurance Research Dataset (NHIRD), which consisted of 1,000,000 beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Program (NHI) in the year 2000 and their medical records from 1995 to 2013 and using public data on air pollution concentrations from monitoring stations across Taiwan released from the Environmental Protection Administration to identify people with ages ≥ 40 years living in areas with monitoring stations during 1995-1999 as study subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807498/vascular-pathology-and-trajectories-of-late-life-major-depressive-disorder-in-secondary-psychiatric-care
#15
Katherine L Musliner, Peter P Zandi, Xiaoqin Liu, Thomas M Laursen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Preben B Mortensen, William W Eaton
OBJECTIVE: To examine 5-year trajectories of psychiatrist-treated late-life major depressive disorder (MDD), and evaluate whether previous vascular pathology is associated with more severe trajectories of late-life MDD. METHODS: Data were obtained from nationally representative civil, psychiatric, hospital, and prescription registers in Denmark. The sample included 11,092 older adults (≥60 years) who received their first diagnosis of MDD in a psychiatric facility in Denmark between 2000 and 2007...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806930/factors-associated-with-change-in-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-older-people-data-from-the-physical-activity-cohort-scotland-study
#16
Clare L Clarke, Falko F Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S Argo, Peter T Donnan, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. A sample of community-dwelling older people aged 65 and over were recruited in 2009-2011, then followed up 2-3 years later...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805539/protective-effect-of-regular-physical-activity-on-major-depressive-episodes-in-patients-with-early-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Fu-Xiang Zhu, Xiang-Yang Zhang, Xiao-Kai Ding, Bin Han
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between physical activity (PA) and depression in diverse population. The purpose of our study is to examine if PA within the recommended level over time is associated with major depressive episode (MDE) in patients with early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Mainland China. Patients with stages 2-5 CKD not receiving dialysis were enrolled from a nephrology outpatient clinic between May 2014 and February 2016. Based on the patterns of PA over time, all patients were divided into four groups: persistently active, from inactive to active, from active to inactive, and persistently inactive...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804397/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-on-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemics-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-canada
#18
Lia Gentil, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Préville
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in Canada, and nonadherence to oral hypoglycemics is a common problem among older adults. This study aims to document the impact of depression and anxiety disorders on adherence to oral hypoglycemics in older adults with diabetes mellitus. Data used in this study came from the longitudinal Quebec survey on senior's health (Enquête sur la Santé des Ainés), using a representative sample of 2811 older adults aged 65 and over. The final sample for analysis consisted of 301 patients who received oral hypoglycemic pharmacotherapy...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801393/protocol-for-the-mwellcare-trial-a-multicentre-cluster-randomised-12-month-controlled-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-mwellcare-an-mhealth-system-for-an-integrated-management-of-patients-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-versus-enhanced-usual-care-in-india
#19
Dilip Jha, Priti Gupta, Vamadevan S Ajay, Devraj Jindal, Pablo Perel, David Prieto-Merino, Pramod Jacob, Jonathan Nyong, Vidya Venugopal, Kavita Singh, Shifalika Goenka, Ambuj Roy, Nikhil Tandon, Vikram Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
INTRODUCTION: Rising burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes is a major challenge to the health system in India. Innovative approaches such as mobile phone technology (mHealth) for electronic decision support in delivering evidence-based and integrated care for hypertension, diabetes and comorbid depression have potential to transform the primary healthcare system. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: mWellcare trial is a multicentre, cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a mHealth system and nurse managed care for people with hypertension and diabetes in rural India...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799308/epidemiology-of-depression-and-its-relationship-to-diabetes-in-india
#20
Subramani Poongothai, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Shankar Radha, Balasundaram Bhavani Sundari, Coimbatore Subramanyam Shanthi Rani, Viswanathan Mohan
Depression is one of the most common chronic mental illnesses globally and in India. It has been reported that depression is twice as common in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of both depression and type 2 diabetes are rapidly increasing. This article reviews the prevalence of depression in the general population as well as in patients with type 2 diabetes and its complications with special reference to recent data from India. It also makes a case for screening for depression in diabetes clinics and integrating depression treatment with diabetes care in order to make the treatment more wholistic...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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