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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098543/increasing-antibiotic-resistance-in-shigella-spp-from-infected-new-york-city-residents-new-york-usa
#1
Kenya Murray, Vasudha Reddy, John S Kornblum, HaeNa Waechter, Ludwin F Chicaiza, Inessa Rubinstein, Sharon Balter, Sharon K Greene, Sarah L Braunstein, Jennifer L Rakeman, Catherine M Dentinger
Approximately 20% of Shigella isolates tested in New York City, New York, USA, during 2013-2015 displayed decreased azithromycin susceptibility. Case-patients were older and more frequently male and HIV infected than those with azithromycin-susceptible Shigella infection; 90% identified as men who have sex with men. Clinical interpretation guidelines for azithromycin resistance and outcome studies are needed.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098533/azithromycin-nonsusceptible-shigella-flexneri-3a-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-taiwan-2015-2016
#2
Ying-Shu Liao, Yen-Yi Liu, Yi-Chun Lo, Chien-Shun Chiou
We report an outbreak of azithromycin-nonsusceptible Shigella flexneri 3a infection in Taiwan associated with men who have sex with men. The bacterial strains belonged to the sublineage A of a recently reported outbreak lineage associated with men who have sex with men, characterized by reduced azithromycin susceptibility and circulation in shigellosis low-risk regions.
February 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097836/validation-of-the-argentine-spanish-version-of-transition-readiness-assessment-questionnaire-for-adolescents-with-chronic-conditions
#3
Florencia González, Mariana Roizen, María de Las Mercedes Rodríguez Celin, Carmen De Cunto, Alfredo Eymann, Roberto Mato, Patricia García Arrigoni, Raquel Staciuk, Florencia Ugo, Virginia Fano
INTRODUCTION: The transition of adolescents with chronic conditions to adult follow-up care is an increasingly complex process. Patients need to acquire knowledge and skills that ensure continuity of their care. The goal of this study was to validate the Argentinian Spanish version of the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) 5.0 tool in adolescents and young adults with chronic conditions. POPULATION AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional, quantitative study...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097618/sex-behaviors-as-social-cues-motivating-social-venue-patronage-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Lindsay E Young, Stuart Michaels, Adam Jonas, Aditya S Khanna, Britt Skaathun, Ethan Morgan, John A Schneider
HIV prevention programs often focus on the physical social venues where men who have sex with men (MSM) frequent as sites where sex behaviors are assumed to be practiced and risk is conferred. But, how exactly these behaviors influence venue patronage is not well understood. In this study, we present a two-mode network analysis that determines the extent that three types of sex behaviors-condomless sex, sex-drug use, and group sex-influence the patronage of different types of social venues among a population sample of young Black MSM (YBMSM) (N = 623)...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097616/operationalizing-the-measurement-of-seroadaptive-behaviors-a-comparison-of-reported-sexual-behaviors-and-purposely-adopted-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-seattle
#5
Christine M Khosropour, Julia C Dombrowski, James P Hughes, Lisa E Manhart, Jane M Simoni, Matthew R Golden
Seroadaptive behaviors are traditionally defined by self-reported sexual behavior history, regardless of whether they reflect purposely-adopted risk-mitigation strategies. Among MSM attending an STD clinic in Seattle, Washington 2013-2015 (N = 3751 visits), we used two seroadaptive behavior measures: (1) sexual behavior history reported via clinical computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) (behavioral definition); (2) purposely-adopted risk-reduction behaviors reported via research CASI (purposely-adopted definition)...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095879/treatment-seeking-behaviour-and-barriers-to-service-access-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Jun-Jie Xu, Yan-Qiu Yu, Qing-Hai Hu, Hong-Jing Yan, Zhe Wang, Lin Lu, Ming-Hua Zhuang, Xi Chen, Ji-Hua Fu, Wei-Ming Tang, Wen-Qing Geng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hong Shang
BACKGROUND: Delayed or inappropriate treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) increases the risk of HIV acquisition and may cause other harmful outcomes. However, studies on STD treatment-seeking behaviour and correlated factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) are scarce. This information is crucial for the promotion of STD treatment-seeking behaviour and reduction of HIV transmission among Chinese MSM. METHODS: During 2012-2013, a multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 Chinese cities...
January 18, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093460/a-double-edged-sword-does-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-contribute-to-syphilis-incidence-by-impairing-immunity-to-treponema-pallidum
#7
REVIEW
Michael L Rekart, Wilfred Ndifon, Robert C Brunham, Jonathan Dushoff, Sang Woo Park, Sanjana Rawat, Caroline E Cameron
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Recently, the world has experienced a rapidly escalating outbreak of infectious syphilis primarily affecting men who have sex with men (MSM); many are taking highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV-1 infection. The prevailing hypothesis is that HAART availability and effectiveness have led to the perception among both individuals who are HIV-1 infected and those who are uninfected that HIV-1 transmission has become much less likely, and the effects of HIV-1 infection less deadly...
January 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093438/risk-for-metabolic-diseases-in-normal-weight-individuals-with-visceral-fat-accumulation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#8
Yukako Tatsumi, Yoko M Nakao, Izuru Masuda, Aya Higashiyama, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Makoto Watanabe, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between visceral fat area (VFA) and metabolic syndrome (Mets) among normal weight Japanese. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The health check-up centre of the Takeda Hospital group in Kyoto, Japan. METHODS: This study involved 1674 men and 1448 women aged 30-74 years who underwent medical check-ups in 2012 in the health check-up centre. They were stratified by Body Mass Index (BMI cut-off for obesity is set at 23...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093411/age-and-sex-related-influences-on-left-ventricular-mechanics-in-elderly-individuals-free-of-prevalent-heart-failure-the-aric-study-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities
#9
Chung-Lieh Hung, Alexandra Gonçalves, Amil M Shah, Susan Cheng, Dalane Kitzman, Scott D Solomon
BACKGROUND: Advanced age is related to left ventricular (LV) remodeling. We sought to investigate the relationships between aging, elevated hemodynamic load, cardiac mechanics, and LV remodeling in an elderly community-based population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1105 subjects (76±5 years, 61% women) without prevalent heart failure, who attended the visit 5 of the ARIC study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities). LV global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, and torsion indices were analyzed using 3-dimensional echocardiography...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090799/national-hiv-care-continua-for-key-populations
#10
Somya Gupta, Reuben Granich
We reviewed published national HIV care continua for men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), and female sex workers (FSWs) to track progress toward the 90-90-90 target. We searched the Internet, PubMed, surveillance reports, United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS country reports, US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief country/regional operational plans, and conference abstracts for the continua and graded them on quality. We found 12 continua for MSM, 7 for PWID, and 5 for FSW from 12 countries...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089244/synchronous-ipsilateral-high-submuscular-placement-of-prosthetic-balloons-and-reservoirs
#11
Nicholas L Kavoussi, Matthias D Hofer, Boyd R Viers, Billy H Cordon, Ryan P Mooney, Travis J Pagliara, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
INTRODUCTION: Synchronous ipsilateral high submuscular placement of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) pressure-regulating balloons (PRBs) and inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) reservoirs in a single submuscular tunnel is a novel strategy that could be advantageous for patients who have had major pelvic surgery. AIM: To report our initial experience with synchronous ipsilateral vs bilateral placement of AUS PRBs and IPP reservoirs in men undergoing implant surgery...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081482/following-lives-undergoing-change-flux-study-implementation-and-baseline-prevalence-of-drug-use-in-an-online-cohort-study-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia
#12
Mohamed A Hammoud, Fengyi Jin, Louisa Degenhardt, Toby Lea, Lisa Maher, Jeffrey Grierson, Brent Mackie, Marcus Pastorelli, Colin Batrouney, Nicky Bath, Jack Bradley, Garrett P Prestage
BACKGROUND: Drug use among gay and bisexual men (GBM) is higher than most populations. The use of crystal methamphetamine, erectile dysfunction medication (EDM), and amyl nitrite have been associated with sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection among gay and bisexual men (GBM). OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an online prospective observational study of licit and illicit drug use among GBM and explores baseline prevalence of drug use in this sample. Capturing these data poses challenges as participants are required to disclose potentially illegal behaviours in a geographically dispersed country...
January 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081044/evaluation-of-the-condom-barriers-scale-for-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reliability-and-validity-of-3-subscales
#13
Richard A Crosby, Stephanie A Sanders, Cynthia A Graham, Robin Milhausen, William L Yarber, Leandro Mena
BACKGROUND: Reliable and valid scale measures of barriers to condom use are not available for young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Condom Barriers Scales for application with YBMSM. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of 600 YBMSM completed a computer-assisted self-interview. The primary measure was a 14-item abbreviated version of the Condom Barriers Scale. Reliability and criterion validity were assessed. RESULTS: All 3 subscales were reliable: partner-related barriers (Cronbach α=0...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080947/hiv-testing-intervention-development-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-developed-world
#14
Paul Flowers, Claudia Estcourt, Pam Sonnenberg, Fiona Burns
HIV testing is a 'gateway' technology, enabling access to treatment and HIV prevention. Biomedical approaches to prevention, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, require accurate and regular HIV test results. HIV testing also represents a powerful 'teachable moment' for behavioural prevention. An increasing range of HIV tests and the emergence of self-managed diagnostic technologies (e.g. self-testing) means there is now considerable diversification of when, where and how results are available to those who test...
January 13, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079818/factors-associated-with-syphilis-incidence-in-the-hiv-infected-in-the-era-of-highly-active-antiretrovirals
#15
Mohaned Shilaih, Alex Marzel, Dominique L Braun, Alexandra U Scherrer, Helen Kovari, Jim Young, Alexandra Calmy, Katharine Darling, Manuel Battegay, Matthias Hoffmann, Enos Bernasconi, Maria C Thurnheer, Huldrych F Günthard, Roger D Kouyos
After several years of steady decline, syphilis is reemerging globally as a public health hazard, especially among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Syphilis resurgence is observed mainly in men who have sex with men (MSM), yet other transmission groups are affected too. In this manuscript, we study the factors associated with syphilis incidence in the Swiss HIV cohort study in the era of highly effective antiretrovirals. Using parametric interval censored models with fixed and time-varying covariates, we studied the immunological, behavioral, and treatment-related elements associated with syphilis incidence in 3 transmission groups: MSM, heterosexuals, and intravenous drug users...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079722/development-and-preliminary-pilot-testing-of-a-peer-support-text-messaging-intervention-for-hiv-infected-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Theresa E Senn, Amy Braksmajer, Patricia Coury-Doniger, Marguerite A Urban, Adam Rossi, Michael P Carey
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV and are less well retained along the HIV continuum of care. We report on the feasibility of a peer support text messaging intervention designed to increase retention in HIV care and HIV medication adherence among HIV-infected black men who have sex with men. METHODS: Based on formative research, a cell phone app was developed to support a peer-based text messaging intervention...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079672/unexplored-opportunities-thoughts-on-research-to-improve-availability-and-access-to-sexual-health-services-for-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079519/trends-in-antimicrobial-susceptibility-for-azithromycin-and-ceftriaxone-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands-between-2012-and-2015
#18
Carolien M Wind, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Alje P van Dam, Henry Jc de Vries, Jannie J van der Helm
Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to azithromycin and ceftriaxone has been increasing in the past years. This is of concern since the combination of these antimicrobials is recommended as the first-line treatment option in most guidelines. To analyse trends in antimicrobial resistance, we retrospectively selected all consultations with a positive N. gonorrhoeae culture at the sexually transmitted infection clinic, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, from January 2012 through September 2015. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for azithromycin and ceftriaxone were analysed per year, and determinants associated with decreased susceptibility to azithromycin (MIC > 0...
January 5, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078496/theoretical-and-empirical-comparisons-of-methods-to-estimate-the-size-of-hard-to-reach-populations-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Paul Wesson, Arthur Reingold, Willi McFarland
Worldwide, the HIV epidemic is concentrated among hidden populations (i.e., female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs). To understand the true scope and scale of the HIV epidemic, estimates of the sizes of these populations are needed. Various methods are available to enumerate hidden populations, but the degree of agreement between these methods has not been formally evaluated. We systematically reviewed the peer-reviewed literature to assess the extent to which different population size estimation methods provide the same estimate of a target population...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075609/female-smokers-are-at-greater-risk-of-airflow-obstruction-than-male-smokers-uk-biobank
#20
André F S Amaral, David P Strachan, Peter Gj Burney, Deborah L Jarvis
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing faster among women than among men. <br><br> Objectives: To examine sex differences in the risk of airflow obstruction (COPD hallmark) in relation to smoking history. <br><br> Methods: We analysed 149,075 women and 100,252 men taking part in the UK Biobank, who had provided spirometry measurements and information on smoking. The association of airflow obstruction with smoking characteristics was assessed, by sex, using regression analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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