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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121856/genome-wide-identification-and-analysis-of-mapk-and-mapkk-gene-family-in-chinese-jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-mill
#1
Zhiguo Liu, Liman Zhang, Chaoling Xue, Hu Fang, Jin Zhao, Mengjun Liu
BACKGROUND: Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is one of the most important members in the Rhamnaceae family. The whole genome sequence and more than 30,000 proteins of Chinese jujube have been obtained in 2014. Mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades are universal signal transduction modules in plants, which is rapidly activated under various biotic and abiotic stresses. To date, there has been no comprehensive analysis of the MAPK and MAPKK gene family in Chinese jujube at the whole genome level...
November 9, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096755/ziziphus-jujube-a-review-study-of-its-anticancer-effects-in-various-tumor-models-invitro-and-invivo
#2
S Ebrahimi, H Mollaei, R Hoshyar
The growing rate of cancer incidences and inefficiency of current therapies have made scientists to find novel agents such as medicinal plants. Ziziphus jujube is one of these plants whose pharmaceutical effects have been studied for a long time. Recent investigations have proved that bioactive compounds of Ziziphus jujube including triterpenic acids, flavonoids, cerebrosides, phenolic acids, α tocopherol, β carotene, and polysaccharides have anti-proliferative effects on several cancerous cell lines and animals...
October 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066382/anti-staphylococcal-properties-of-eichhornia-crassipes-pistacia-vera-and-ziziphus-amole-leaf-extracts-isolates-from-cattle-and-rabbits
#3
Andrea Gutiérrez-Morales, Valente Velázquez-Ordoñez, Ameer Khusro, Abdelfattah Z M Salem, María Elena Estrada-Zúñiga, Mohamed Z M Salem, Benjamin Valladares-Carranza, Cristina Burrola-Aguilar
The desideratum aim of the present context was to assess the biopotency of methanolic extracts of Eichhornia crassipes (E. crassipes), Pistacia vera (P. vera), and Ziziphus amole (Z. amole) leaves against various staphylococcal strains, and to quantify the phenolics as well as saponin content in them. The antibacterial activity of various concentrations (62.5-1000 μg/mL) of plant extracts was tested against control clinical strains (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 29213, and S. aureus ATCC 43300), methicillin-resistant S...
October 21, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053632/protective-effect-of-flavonoids-from-ziziphus-jujuba-cv-jinsixiaozao-against-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-mice
#4
Weizhen Huang, Yongjie Wang, Xiaoyan Jiang, Yueyue Sun, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li
This study was aimed to investigate the chemical composition, antioxidant activities and hepatoprotective effect of flavonoids from Ziziphus jujuba cv. Jinsixiaozao (ZJF). The composition of ZJF was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and antioxidant properties were investigated by biological assays in vitro. The hepatoprotective activity of ZJF was evaluated in acetaminophen (APAP)-treated BALB/c mice. Results indicate that ZJF displayed significant antioxidant capacity...
October 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976994/transcriptome-analysis-of-genes-involved-in-defense-against-alkaline-stress-in-roots-of-wild-jujube-ziziphus-acidojujuba
#5
Mingxin Guo, Shipeng Li, Shan Tian, Bei Wang, Xusheng Zhao
Wild jujube (Ziziphus acidojujuba Mill.) is highly tolerant to alkaline, saline and drought stress; however, no studies have performed transcriptome profiling to study the response of wild jujube to these and other abiotic stresses. In this study, we examined the tolerance of wild jujube to NaHCO3-NaOH solution and analyzed gene expression profiles in response to alkaline stress. Physiological experiments revealed that H2O2 content in leaves increased significantly and root activity decreased quickly during alkaline of pH 9...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942827/growth-inhibitory-effect-of-phenolic-extracts-of-ziziphus-jujuba-mill-in-dengue-vector-aedes-aegypti%C3%A2-l-in-parent-and-f1-generation
#6
Urbbi Devi, Dipsikha Bora
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lethal and emergence inhibitory effect of alkaloid, phenolic and terpenoid extracts of Ziziphus jujuba (Rhamnaceae) against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), and to explore the effect of the most effective fraction on developmental and biochemical parameters of the dengue vector. METHODS: The fourth instar larvae of Ae. aegypti were exposed to alkaloid, phenolic and terpenoid extracts from Z. jujuba leaves to test their toxicity and emergence inhibitory effects...
August 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928663/comparison-of-the-bioactive-components-in-two-seeds-of-ziziphus-species-by-different-analytical-approaches-combined-with-chemometrics
#7
Sheng Guo, Jin-Ao Duan, Yiqun Li, Ruiqing Wang, Hui Yan, Dawei Qian, Yuping Tang, Shulan Su
The Ziziphus species are considered to be the medicine and food dual purposes plants. Among them, the seed of Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa (ZS) has traditionally been used as an ethnomedicine in Asian countries for thousands years. Owing to the significant benefits for human health, the demand for ZS increased year by year, and the wild resources have become increasingly scarce, which resulted in a shortage of market supply for ZS and product adulteration by substituting ZS with the seeds of Z. mauritiana Lam...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928535/effects-of-concentration-method-and-storage-time-on-some-bioactive-compounds-and-color-of-jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-var-vulgaris-concentrate
#8
Najmeh Shams Najafabadi, Mohammad Ali Sahari, Mohsen Barzegar, Zohreh Hamidi Esfahani
Jujube extract was concentrated by various heating methods including vacuum, microwave and conventional heating. The effect of concentration methods and storage time (for 90 days at 4 °C) on total phenolic and total monomeric anthocyanin contents, individual anthocyanins, individual organic acids, and color values of jujube concentrate was investigated separately. The desired level of concentration (65.0 °Brix) was achieved in 45, 96 and 117 min by the microwave, vacuum and conventional heating methods, respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917975/the-memory-ameliorating-effects-of-dhp1402-an-herbal-mixture-on-cholinergic-blockade-induced-cognitive-dysfunction-in-mice
#9
Haneul Kim, Hyung Eun Lee, In Ho Jung, Se Jin Jeon, Jiabao Zhang, Yubeen Kwon, Dae Sik Jang, Jong Hoon Ryu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The seeds of Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H.F Chow (Rhamnaceae) and the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata (Siedbold & Zucc.) Benth. & Hook. f ex Trautv. (Campanulaceae), contained in the DHP1402, have long been used for treating dementia or hypomnesia as folk medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: It has been reported that Z. jujuba var. spinosa and C. lanceolata are effective in improving cognitive function, but via different mechanisms...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899507/ziziphus-spinosa-seeds-for-insomnia-a-review-of-chemistry-and-psychopharmacology
#10
REVIEW
Johannah Linda Shergis, Xiaojia Ni, Jerome Sarris, Anthony Lin Zhang, Xinfeng Guo, Charlie C Xue, Chuanjian Lu, Helmut Hugel
BACKGROUND: In Chinese medicine, Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H. F. Chou is widely used for the treatment of insomnia. PURPOSE/SECTIONS: This paper summarises the chemistry, psychopharmacology, and compares the pharmaceutical effects of the seeds of Ziziphus jujuba plant, Ziziphus spinosa (ZS) seeds, with benzodiazepines. Whole extracts and constituent compounds have been evaluated in preclinical and clinical studies. CONCLUSIONS: ZS secondary metabolites modulate GABAergic activity and the serotonergic system...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880962/spatially-explicit-multi-threat-assessment-of-food-tree-species-in-burkina-faso-a-fine-scale-approach
#11
Hannes Gaisberger, Roeland Kindt, Judy Loo, Marco Schmidt, Fidèle Bognounou, Sié Sylvestre Da, Ousmane Boukary Diallo, Souleymane Ganaba, Assan Gnoumou, Djingdia Lompo, Anne Mette Lykke, Elisée Mbayngone, Blandine Marie Ivette Nacoulma, Moussa Ouedraogo, Oumarou Ouédraogo, Charles Parkouda, Stefan Porembski, Patrice Savadogo, Adjima Thiombiano, Guibien Zerbo, Barbara Vinceti
Over the last decades agroforestry parklands in Burkina Faso have come under increasing demographic as well as climatic pressures, which are threatening indigenous tree species that contribute substantially to income generation and nutrition in rural households. Analyzing the threats as well as the species vulnerability to them is fundamental for priority setting in conservation planning. Guided by literature and local experts we selected 16 important food tree species (Acacia macrostachya, Acacia senegal, Adansonia digitata, Annona senegalensis, Balanites aegyptiaca, Bombax costatum, Boscia senegalensis, Detarium microcarpum, Lannea microcarpa, Parkia biglobosa, Sclerocarya birrea, Strychnos spinosa, Tamarindus indica, Vitellaria paradoxa, Ximenia americana, Ziziphus mauritiana) and six key threats to them (overexploitation, overgrazing, fire, cotton production, mining and climate change)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868886/gastrointestinal-absorption-and-metabolic-dynamics-of-jujuboside-a-a-saponin-derived-from-the-seed-of-ziziphus-jujuba
#12
Panpan Song, Yan Zhang, Guijie Ma, Yanqing Zhang, Aimin Zhou, Junbo Xie
Jujuboside A (JuA), an active saponin, is responsible for the anxiolytic and sedative effects of Zizyphi Spinosae Semen (ZSS). In this study, the gastrointestinal absorption and metabolic dynamics of JuA were investigated in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that the bioavailability was 1.32% in rats, indicating only a trace amount of JuA was able to be absorbed. Further investigation revealed that its poor bioavailability was not caused by malabsorption but by the metabolic process. JuA was hydrolyzed largely in the stomach before being absorbed into the different parts of the intestine (especially duodenum and colon), and the gastric environment played a vital role in this process...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809790/genome-wide-organization-and-expression-profiling-of-the-sbp-box-gene-family-in-chinese-jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-mill
#13
Shuang Song, Heying Zhou, Songbai Sheng, Ming Cao, Yingyue Li, Xiaoming Pang
Transcription factors play vital roles in the developmental processes of plants. The SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein (SBP) genes encode a family of plant-specific transcription factors and plays many crucial roles in plant development. In this study, 16 SBP-box gene family members were identified in Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Dongzao (Dongzao), which were distributed over 8 chromosomes. They were classified into seven groups according to their phylogenetic relationships with other SBP-box gene families. Within each group, genes shared similar exon-intron structures and motif locations...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808390/immunomodulatory-cytotoxicity-and-antioxidant-activities-of-roots-of-ziziphus-mauritiana
#14
Samina Afzal, Murium Batool, Bashir Ahmad Ch, Ashfaq Ahmad, Muhammad Uzair, Khurram Afzal
AIMS: The study is conducted to evaluate the immunomodulatory, cytotoxicity, and antioxidant potential of Ziziphus mauritiana (Rhamnaceae). Phytochemical analysis of Z. mauritiana revealed the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinone glycoside, cardiac glycoside, saponin, tannin, and flavonoids. METHODOLOGY: The cytotoxicity of the plant Z. mauritiana was evaluated by brine shrimp lethality test. Antioxidant parameters such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were calculated in the plasma of rats after chronic administration of 400 mg/kg of Z...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807167/treatment-of-insomnia-with-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#15
Amrinder Singh, Kaicun Zhao
Insomnia is a condition with sleep problems and many people suffered from it. Chronic insomnia can last for long time and it will severely affect people's health and the quality of life. In conventional medicine, the most commonly used the medicine is benzodiazepine. It is effective but also has significant side effects. Patients try to use some kinds of alternative medicines. Chinese medicinal herbs and formulas have been used in the treatment of insomnia for more than 2000 years in China. In recent decades, Chinese herbal medicine has been widely used in the Western countries...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757534/triterpenoids-isolated-from-ziziphus-jujuba-enhance-glucose-uptake-activity-in-skeletal-muscle-cells
#16
Kyuichi Kawabata, Kenji Kitamura, Kazuhiro Irie, Shoma Naruse, Tomohiro Matsuura, Tomoyuki Uemae, Shu Taira, Hajime Ohigashi, Shigeru Murakami, Masakazu Takahashi, Yoko Kaido, Bunsei Kawakami
Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.), a traditional folk medicine and functional food in China and South Korea, is known for its beneficial properties, which include anti-cancer, anti-oxidative, and anti-obesity effects. To assess the anti-hyperglycemic effect of jujube in this study, we investigated the glucose uptake-promoting activity of jujube in rat L6 myotubes. After determining that the jujube extract induces muscle glucose uptake, we identified the following active compounds by bioassay-guided fractionation: betulonic acid, betulinic acid, and oleanonic acid...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729959/shot-gun-proteome-and-transcriptome-mapping-of-the-jujube-floral-organ-and-identification-of-a-pollen-specific-s-locus-f-box-gene
#17
Ruihong Chen, Guoliang Chen, Jian Huang
The flower is a plant reproductive organ that forms part of the fruit produced as the flowering season ends. While the number and identity of proteins expressed in a jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) flower is currently unknown, integrative proteomic and transcriptomic analyses provide a systematic strategy of characterizing the floral biology of plants. We conducted a shotgun proteomic analysis on jujube flowers by using a filter-aided sample preparation tryptic digestion, followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726567/possible-mechanisms-involved-in-the-anti-nociceptive-effects-of-hydro-ethanolic-leaf-extract-of-ziziphus-abyssinica
#18
Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw, Eric Woode
CONTEXT: Various parts of Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst ex. A. Rich (Rhamnaceae) have been used in Ghanaian and African traditional medicine as an analgesic. However, there are little scientific data to support the anti-nociceptive effects of the hydro-ethanolic leaf extract of Ziziphus abyssinica (EthE) as well as the possible mechanisms involved in its anti-nociceptive effects. PURPOSE: To predict possible nociceptive pathways involved in the anti-nociceptive effects of EthE...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680447/a-review-of-dietary-ziziphus-jujuba-fruit-jujube-developing-health-food-supplements-for-brain-protection
#19
REVIEW
Jianping Chen, Xiaoyan Liu, Zhonggui Li, Airong Qi, Ping Yao, Zhongyu Zhou, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
The fruits of Ziziphus jujuba, known as jujube or Chinese date, are being consumed all around the world because of their health benefits, as both food and herbal medicine. Traditionally, one of the main functions of jujube, as described in herbal medicine, is to benefit our brain by calming down the mind and improving quality of sleep. Here, the activities of jujubes on nervous system are summarized and discussed. Jujube possesses neuroprotective activities, including protecting neuronal cells against neurotoxin stress, stimulating neuronal differentiation, increasing expression of neurotrophic factors, and promoting memory and learning...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663701/determining-spatio-temporal-distribution-of-bee-forage-species-of-al-baha-region-based-on-ground-inventorying-supported-with-gis-applications-and-remote-sensed-satellite-image-analysis
#20
Nuru Adgaba, Ahmed Alghamdi, Rachid Sammoud, Awraris Shenkute, Yilma Tadesse, Mahammad J Ansari, Deepak Sharma, Colleen Hepburn
In arid zones, the shortage of bee forage is critical and usually compels beekeepers to move their colonies in search of better forages. Identifying and mapping the spatiotemporal distribution of the bee forages over given area is important for better management of bee colonies. In this study honey bee plants in the target areas were inventoried following, ground inventory work supported with GIS applications. The study was conducted on 85 large plots of 50 × 50 m each. At each plot, data on species name, height, base diameter, crown height, crown diameter has been taken for each plant with their respective geographical positions...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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