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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446160/hydro-ethanolic-leaf-extract-of-ziziphus-abyssinica-hochst-ex-a-rich-rhamnaceae-exhibits-anti-nociceptive-effects-in-murine-models
#1
Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw, Eric Woode
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial advances in pain research and treatment, millions of people continue to suffer from pain and this has been attributed mainly to the unavailability of effective and safer analgesics. The use of plants as medicines is still widespread and plants constitute a large source of novel phytocompounds that might become leads for the discovery of newer, effective and safer alternatives. Various parts of Ziziphus abyssinica have been used in folk medicine in several African countries as painkillers...
April 26, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432294/genome-wide-identification-characterization-of-the-mads-box-gene-family-in-chinese-jujube-and-their-involvement-in-flower-development
#2
Liman Zhang, Jin Zhao, Chunfang Feng, Mengjun Liu, Jiurui Wang, Yafei Hu
MADS-box genes encode transcription factors that are involved in plant development control (particularly in floral organogenesis) and signal transduction pathways, though a comprehensive analysis of MADS-box family proteins in Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is still missing. Here, we report a genome-wide analysis of the MADS-box gene family in Chinese jujube. Based on phylogenetic analyses, 52 jujube MADS-box genes were classified into 25 MIKC(C)-type, 3 MIKC(*)-type, 16 Mα, 5 Mβ and 3 Mγ genes. 37 genes were randomly distributed across all 12 putative chromosomes...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426266/physicochemical-characteristics-of-the-seed-and-seed-oil-of-the-potentially-medicinal-plant-ziziphus-oenoplia
#3
Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy, Kadanthottu Sebastian Joseph, Abhishek Madiwal, Dinesh Rajen Gerald, Mahananda Badiger, Lakshmi Kolkar, Reshma Hiremath
The proximate composition of seeds, physicochemical characteristics, and fatty acid profiles of Ziziphus oenoplia seed oil were determined in this study. The seeds possessed low moisture (4.54%) and high carbohydrate (42.96%) and protein content (40%), making the seed oil suitable for storage and consumption. The saponification value (197.80) of the seed oil makes it a promising source for the soap and shampoo industry. The iodine and saponification values are comparable to those of major edible seed oils such as groundnut and soybean...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407906/antioxidant-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-secondary-metabolites-from-ziziphus-jujuba-leaves-used-for-infusion-preparation
#4
Silvia Damiano, Martino Forino, Arpan De, Luca A Vitali, Giulio Lupidi, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati
Ziziphus jujuba Mill., jujube, leaf infusions are popular bedtime beverages as they improve sleep by soothing the nerves. With the aim of providing further insights into the polyphenol content of jujube leaf infusion and their antioxidant activities, a 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-guided purification of the aqueous extract of Z. jujuba Mill. leaves was conducted. Three major antioxidant polyphenols (i.e. quercitrin, catechin and gallocatechin) of the leaves were identified. In addition, a significant antibiofilm bioactivity against Streptococcus mutans, a causative agent of human dental caries, was detected for the aqueous leaf extract and its bio-guided separation resulted in the identification of the lupane triterpenoid alphitolic acid as the main antibiofilm metabolite...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381989/bioactive-fraction-of-annona-reticulata-bark-or-ziziphus-jujuba-root-bark-along-with-insulin-attenuates-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-through-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inflammatory-cascade
#5
Raghuram Kandimalla, Suvakanta Dash, Sanjeeb Kalita, Bhaswati Choudhury, Sandeep Malampati, Rajlakshmi Devi, Muthiah Ramanathan, Narayan C Talukdar, Jibon Kotoky
The present study explains the neuroprotective ability of bioactive fractions of Annona reticulata bark (ARB) and Ziziphus jujuba root bark (ZJ) along with insulin against diabetic neuropathy. By using different solvents of increasing polarity ARB and ZJ were undergone for bioactive guided fractionation. The neuroprotective ability of the all the plant fractions were tested against H2O2 induced toxicity in SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cell lines and DRG neuronal cells. Among all the fractions tested, the methanol extract of ARB and ZJ (ARBME and ZJME) and its water fractions (ARBWF and ZJWF) exhibited significant neuroprotection against H2O2 induced toxicity in SHSY5Y cells and DRG neuronal cells...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351513/aflatoxin-biosynthesis-control-produced-by-aspergillus-flavus-in-layer-hens-feed-during-storage-period-of-six-months
#6
S M Hassan, B Sultana, M Iqbal
Aflatoxins (AFTs) are a group of closely related toxins that are produced by different fungus species. Food and feed contamination with AFT is a worldwide health-related problem. As a result of fungal attack, the food and feed resulted in a principal socioeconomic loss and toxins produced in feed and food items harm the humans and animals in different ways. The anti-aflatoxigenic effect Psidium guajava, Ficus benghalensis, Gardenia radicans, Punica granatum and Ziziphus jujuba leaves were evaluated against aflatoxins (AFTs), produced by Aspergillus flavus in layer feed during storage...
March 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330081/emerging-cam-ziziphus-nummularia-with-in-vivo-sedative-hypnotic-antipyretic-and-analgesic-attributes
#7
Abdur Rauf, Jawad Ali, Haroon Khan, Mohammad S Mubarak, Seema Patel
Ziziphus nummularia from Rhamnaceae family is traditionally used for sedative-hypnotic, antipyretic and analgesic purposes; however, scientific validations are lacking. This in vivo study was undertaken to verify the above ameliorative properties of Z. nummularia root methanolic extract. Various fractions of the extract were assayed on Balb/c mice by open field, Brewer's yeast-induced hyperthermia and acetic acid-induced writhing experiments. The significance of the outcomes was analyzed with statistical tests...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284565/isolation-and-structure-elucidation-of-cyclopeptide-alkaloids-from-ziziphus-nummularia-and-ziziphus-spina-christi-by-hplc-dad-ms-and-hplc-pda-hrms-spe-nmr
#8
Emmy Tuenter, Kenn Foubert, Dan Staerk, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters
Seven cyclopeptide alkaloids were isolated from the stem bark of Ziziphus nummularia and Ziziphus spina-christi. Three previously undescribed compounds were identified: nummularine-U, spinanine-B and spinanine-C, together with the known compounds mauritine-F, nummularine-D, nummularine-E and amphibine-D. For their purification either semi-preparative HPLC with DAD and ESIMS detection or HPLC-PDA-(HRMS)-SPE-NMR was applied, together with conventional separation methods. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic means...
March 8, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282293/preliminary-phytochemical-analysis-and-evaluation-of-antioxidant-cytotoxic-and-inhibition-of-lipopolysaccaride-induced-nos-inos-expression-in-balb-c-mice-liver-by-ziziphus-oenoplia-mill-fruit
#9
Ramaraj Thirugnanasampandan, Gunasekar Ramya, Gunasekaran Bhuvaneswari, Srinivasan Aravindh, Suresh Vaishnavi, Madhusudhanan Gogulramnath
BACKGROUND: Ziziphus oenoplia Mill. is an ethnomedicinal plant and its fruit has been traditionally used by Puliar tribes of Anamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu, India to treat various ailments. Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant, cytotoxic and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene downregulation activities of Z. oenoplia fruit (ZOF) were studied. METHODS: To explore bioactive compounds present in the ripened fruits, high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis were done...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274571/dammarane-type-saponins-from-leaves-of-ziziphus-spina-christi
#10
Alen Bozicevic, Maria De Mieri, Angela Di Benedetto, Frank Gafner, Matthias Hamburger
Phytochemical profiling of Ziziphus spina-christi leaves led to the characterization of 10 dammarane-type saponins and 12 phenolic compounds. Isolation was achieved by gel chromatography on Sephadex LH20, open column chromatography on silica gel, and semi-preparative HPLC with PDA and ELSD detectors. Structural characterization was performed by extensive 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectrometry, and by GC-MS of sugar derivatives. A biosynthetic pathway leading to three previously undescribed sapogenins is proposed...
March 6, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274443/isolation-structures-and-bioactivities-of-the-polysaccharides-from-jujube-fruit-ziziphus-jujuba-mill-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Xiaolong Ji, Qiang Peng, Yuepeng Yuan, Jing Shen, Xueying Xie, Min Wang
Jujube (Ziziphus Jujuba Mill.) has been eaten as a fruit and nutraceutical food in China for thousands of years. Recent phytochemical and pharmacological studies have shown that the polysaccharides are one of major biologically active components of the jujube fruit and have various biological effects, including immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antitumor, hepatoprotective, and hypoglycemic activities, and gastrointestinal-protective effects. Although the extraction and purification of jujube polysaccharides are tedious processes, including different steps of liquid- and solid-phase separation, the polysaccharides have been structurally characterized...
July 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271568/effect-of-ziziphus-jujube-fruit-infusion-on-lipid-profiles-glycaemic-index-and-antioxidant-status-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Zeinab Yazdanpanah, Akram Ghadiri-Anari, Alireza Vahidi Mehrjardi, Ali Dehghani, Hadi Zare Zardini, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh
This study was designed to assess the effects of Ziziphus jujube fruit (ZJF) infusion on lipid profiles, glycaemic control and antioxidant status in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 116 participants with T2DM (older than 30 years) were assigned to consume a balanced diet or diet plus ZJF infusion (10 g/100 mL boiling water) three times/day before main meals for 12 weeks. Diet was designed to be energy restricted (500 kcal/day deficit from estimated energy requirements), and macronutrient content was similar in both groups (55% carbohydrate, 15% protein and 30% fat)...
March 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251407/jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-mill-fruit-feeding-extends-lifespan-and-increases-tolerance-to-environmental-stresses-by-regulating-aging-associated-gene-expression-in-drosophila
#13
Saurav Ghimire, Man Su Kim
Jujube (Ziziphus Jujuba Mill.) fruit has been utilized as an adjunct to alleviate medical symptoms including, but not limited to, anorexia, fatigue, anxiety and mild diarrhea for centuries. Despite a growing body of literature revealing jujube fruit's health promoting properties such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant effects (shown with cell-based in vitro platforms), there is a paucity of studies systemically examining its impact on whole organisms or throughout the entire course of life utilizing in vivo model systems...
March 1, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140658/characterization-antifungal-and-cytotoxic-evaluation-of-green-synthesized-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-using-ziziphus-nummularia-leaf-extract
#14
Hemali Padalia, Sumitra Chanda
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) were synthesized using Ziziphus nummularia leaf extract. The characterization was done by various spectral analysis and antifungal (anti-candidal) activity against multidrug resistant clinical isolates and their cytotoxic potential was evaluated. The ZnO NPs were 17.33 nm in size and were spherical/irregular in shape. The antifungal activity of ZnO NPs was better than four standard azole antibiotics and they also showed potent cytotoxic effect against HeLa cancer cell line...
January 31, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124048/hepatoprotective-standardized-etoh-water-extract-of-the-leaves-of-ziziphus-jujuba
#15
Lu Bai, Xueqin Cui, Ni Cheng, Wei Cao, Yong Wu, Sen Guo, Li Zhang, Chi-Tang Ho, Naisheng Bai
The hepatoprotective activity of the EtOH-water extract of Ziziphus jujuba leaves was evaluated against CCl4-induced hepatic damage in mice. The EtOH-water extract significantly alleviated liver damage as indicated by the decreased levels of serum ALT and AST and the decreased MDA content, the increased levels of SOD, GSH and GSH-Px, and the reduced pathological tissue injury induced by CCl4. A quantitative analysis of fifteen major constituents (1-15) of the EtOH-water extract of the leaves of Z. jujuba was conducted by HPLC-DAD...
February 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101436/development-and-characterization-of-microsatellite-primers-in-the-endangered-mediterranean-shrub-ziziphus-lotus-rhamnaceae
#16
Ana González-Robles, Antonio J Manzaneda, Jesús M Bastida, Nick Harvey, Rafael Jaime, Teresa Salido, Luisa M Martínez, Ana Fernández-Ocaña, Julio M Alcántara, Pedro J Rey
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite primers were developed to characterize and evaluate patterns of genetic diversity and structure in the endangered Mediterranean shrub Ziziphus lotus (Rhamnaceae). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty microsatellite primers were developed for Z. lotus, of which 14 were polymorphic. We evaluated microsatellite polymorphism in 97 specimens from 18 Spanish and seven Moroccan populations. Between two and eight alleles were found per locus, and the average number of alleles was 5...
December 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053589/nectar-secretion-dynamics-and-honey-production-potentials-of-some-major-honey-plants-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Nuru Adgaba, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi, Yilma Tadesse, Awraris Getachew, Awad M Awad, Mohammad J Ansari, Ayman A Owayss, Seif Eldin A Mohammed, Abdulaziz S Alqarni
The contribution of a bee plant species to honey production depends on the plant's nectar secretion quality and quantity, which is mainly governed by biotic and abiotic factors. The aim of the current study, was to investigate the nectar secretion dynamics and honey production potential of 14 major bee plant species of the target area. We examined the quantity and dynamics of nectar sugar per flower five times a day using a nectar sugar washing technique and direct measuring of nectar with calibrated capillary tubes...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005948/the-jujube-genome-provides-insights-into-genome-evolution-and-the-domestication-of-sweetness-acidity-taste-in-fruit-trees
#18
Jian Huang, Chunmei Zhang, Xing Zhao, Zhangjun Fei, KangKang Wan, Zhong Zhang, Xiaoming Pang, Xiao Yin, Yang Bai, Xiaoqing Sun, Lizhi Gao, Ruiqiang Li, Jinbo Zhang, Xingang Li
Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) belongs to the Rhamnaceae family and is a popular fruit tree species with immense economic and nutritional value. Here, we report a draft genome of the dry jujube cultivar 'Junzao' and the genome resequencing of 31 geographically diverse accessions of cultivated and wild jujubes (Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa). Comparative analysis revealed that the genome of 'Dongzao', a fresh jujube, was ~86.5 Mb larger than that of the 'Junzao', partially due to the recent insertions of transposable elements in the 'Dongzao' genome...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976350/antiplasmodial-activity-of-cyclopeptide-alkaloids-from-hymenocardia-acida-and-ziziphus-oxyphylla
#19
E Tuenter, V Exarchou, R Ahmad, A Baldé, P Cos, L Maes, S Apers, L Pieters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975414/development-and-application-of-uhplc-pda-qtof-ms-based-dereplication-strategy-for-the-discovery-of-cytotoxic-ceanothane-and-lupane-type-triterpenoids-from-the-roots-of-ziziphus-jujuba
#20
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