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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101436/development-and-characterization-of-microsatellite-primers-in-the-endangered-mediterranean-shrub-ziziphus-lotus-rhamnaceae
#1
Ana González-Robles, Antonio J Manzaneda, Jesús M Bastida, Nick Harvey, Rafael Jaime, Teresa Salido, Luisa M Martínez, Ana Fernández-Ocaña, Julio M Alcántara, Pedro J Rey
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite primers were developed to characterize and evaluate patterns of genetic diversity and structure in the endangered Mediterranean shrub Ziziphus lotus (Rhamnaceae). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty microsatellite primers were developed for Z. lotus, of which 14 were polymorphic. We evaluated microsatellite polymorphism in 97 specimens from 18 Spanish and seven Moroccan populations. Between two and eight alleles were found per locus, and the average number of alleles was 5...
December 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053589/nectar-secretion-dynamics-and-honey-production-potentials-of-some-major-honey-plants-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Nuru Adgaba, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi, Yilma Tadesse, Awraris Getachew, Awad M Awad, Mohammad J Ansari, Ayman A Owayss, Seif Eldin A Mohammed, Abdulaziz S Alqarni
The contribution of a bee plant species to honey production depends on the plant's nectar secretion quality and quantity, which is mainly governed by biotic and abiotic factors. The aim of the current study, was to investigate the nectar secretion dynamics and honey production potential of 14 major bee plant species of the target area. We examined the quantity and dynamics of nectar sugar per flower five times a day using a nectar sugar washing technique and direct measuring of nectar with calibrated capillary tubes...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005948/the-jujube-genome-provides-insights-into-genome-evolution-and-the-domestication-of-sweetness-acidity-taste-in-fruit-trees
#3
Jian Huang, Chunmei Zhang, Xing Zhao, Zhangjun Fei, KangKang Wan, Zhong Zhang, Xiaoming Pang, Xiao Yin, Yang Bai, Xiaoqing Sun, Lizhi Gao, Ruiqiang Li, Jinbo Zhang, Xingang Li
Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) belongs to the Rhamnaceae family and is a popular fruit tree species with immense economic and nutritional value. Here, we report a draft genome of the dry jujube cultivar 'Junzao' and the genome resequencing of 31 geographically diverse accessions of cultivated and wild jujubes (Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa). Comparative analysis revealed that the genome of 'Dongzao', a fresh jujube, was ~86.5 Mb larger than that of the 'Junzao', partially due to the recent insertions of transposable elements in the 'Dongzao' genome...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976350/antiplasmodial-activity-of-cyclopeptide-alkaloids-from-hymenocardia-acida-and-ziziphus-oxyphylla
#4
E Tuenter, V Exarchou, R Ahmad, A Baldé, P Cos, L Maes, S Apers, L Pieters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975414/development-and-application-of-uhplc-pda-qtof-ms-based-dereplication-strategy-for-the-discovery-of-cytotoxic-ceanothane-and-lupane-type-triterpenoids-from-the-roots-of-ziziphus-jujuba
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957735/residue-analysis-and-risk-assessment-of-tebuconazole-in-jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-mill
#6
Xiangwei You, Yiqiang Li, Xiuguo Wang, Jinli Xu, Xiao Zheng, Chengchen Sui
In this study, a sensitive and reliable analytical method, based on a modified Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe procedure, was established for determination of tebuconazole in jujube. After extraction with acetonitrile, the samples were cleaned up by dispersive solid-phase extraction with primary secondary amine, and determined by high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. At fortification levels of 0.01, 0.1 and 2.0 mg kg(-1) , the average recoveries of tebuconazole in jujube were in the range 97...
December 13, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937039/effects-of-butanol-fraction-of-ziziphus-mucronata-root-ethanol-extract-on-glucose-homeostasis-serum-insulin-and-other-diabetes-related-parameters-in-a-murine-model-for-type-2-diabetes
#7
Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim, Md Shahidul Islam
CONTEXT: Ziziphus mucronata Willd (Rhamnaceae) is currently used in Nigerian traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, detailed information on the antidiabetic potential of the plant parts is presently unknown. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the antidiabetic effects of the butanol fraction of Z. mucronata root (ZMBF) in a type 2 diabetes (T2D) model of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T2D was induced in rats by feeding a 10% fructose solution ad libitum for two weeks followed by an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg/kg bw) and the animals were orally treated with ZMBF 150 or 300 mg/kg bw for five days a week for four weeks...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936885/assessment-of-ziziphus-mauritiana-grown-on-fly-ash-dumps-prospects-for-phytoremediation-but-concerns-with-the-use-of-edible-fruit
#8
Vimal Chandra Pandey, Tripti Mishra
A field study was carried out on fly ash dumps of Panki Thermal Power Station to assess the phytoaccumulation of elements in various plant parts of edible fruit tree Ziziphus mauritiana. Out of the twelve analysed elements, the highest concentration was found for Fe followed by Mn > Se > Zn > Mo > Cu > Cr > Pb > Cd >Ni > As > Co in rhizospheric substrate of Z. mauritiana grown on fly ash dumps. Metal accumulation, bioconcentration factor and translocation factor for each metal was calculated in various parts of the edible fruit tree...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933893/isolation-and-structure-elucidation-by-lc-dad-ms-and-lc-dad-spe-nmr-of-cyclopeptide-alkaloids-from-the-roots-of-ziziphus-oxyphylla-and-evaluation-of-their-antiplasmodial-activity
#9
Emmy Tuenter, Rizwan Ahmad, Kenn Foubert, Adnan Amin, Maria Orfanoudaki, Paul Cos, Louis Maes, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters, Vassiliki Exarchou
Nine cyclopeptide alkaloids (1-9), of which five (compounds 2, 3, 5, 8, and 9) are described herein for the first time, were isolated from roots of Ziziphus oxyphylla by means of conventional separation methods as well as semipreparative HPLC with DAD and ESIMS detection and LC-DAD-SPE-NMR. Structure elucidation was done by spectroscopic means. Nummularine-R (1), a previously known constituent from this species, was isolated along with its new derivatives O-desmethylnummularine-R (2) and O-desmethylnummularine-R N-oxide (3)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824938/genome-wide-identification-and-analysis-of-micrornas-involved-in-witches-broom-phytoplasma-response-in-ziziphus-jujuba
#10
Fenjuan Shao, Qian Zhang, Hongwei Liu, Shanfa Lu, Deyou Qiu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in responding to biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. Jujube witches'-broom a phytoplasma disease of Ziziphus jujuba is prevalent in China and is a serious problem to the industry. However, the molecular mechanism of the disease is poorly understood. In this study, genome-wide identification and analysis of microRNAs in response to witches'-broom was performed. A total of 85 conserved miRNA unique sequences belonging to 32 miRNA families and 24 novel miRNA unique sequences, including their complementary miRNA* strands were identified from small RNA libraries derived from a uninfected and witches'-broom infected Z...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649580/two-new-c-glucosyl-flavonoids-from-ziziphus-jujube-and-their-anti-inflammatory-activity
#11
Qiang Fu, Yu Ma, Jiang Chen, Hai-Mei Yuan, Yu-Zhong Zheng
Two new C-glucosyl flavonoids 6''-O-feruloylspinosin and 6''-O-feruloyl-6'''-p-hydroxybenzoylspinosin, together with five known compounds, were isolated from the seeds of Ziziphus jujube (Rhamnaceae family). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidences. Compounds 1-7 showed moderate inhibitory effects against COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes.
September 21, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619740/silver-nanoparticles-synthesized-using-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-ziziphus-oenoplia-l-mill-characterization-and-assessment-of-antibacterial-activity
#12
Soumya Soman, J G Ray
Biological approach to synthesis of metal nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract is a highly relevant and recent theme in nanotechnological research. Phytosynthesized AgNPs have better inhibitory and antimicrobial effects compared to aqueous leaf extract and silver nitrate. In the present investigation crystalline silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with size of 10nm have been successfully synthesized using aqueous leaf extract (AQLE) of Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill., which act as both reducing as well as capping agent...
October 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618365/phenolic-profile-antioxidant-capacity-of-five-ziziphus-spina-christi-l-willd-provenances-and-their-allelopathic-effects-on-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l-and-lens-culinaris-l-seeds
#13
M Elaloui, H Ghazghazi, A Ennajah, S Manaa, W Guezmir, N B Karray, A Laamouri
The aim of this work was to evaluate some secondary metabolites, antioxidant activity of methanolic leaf extracts of five Ziziphus spina-christi provenances (INRGREF, Tozeur, Degueche, Nafta and Kebelli) and their allelopathic effects on Trigonella foenum-graecum and Lens culinaris. Leaves were collected during 2013 and 2014. Total phenols, flavonoids, tannins and antioxidant activity were evaluated using the Folin ciocalteux, Aluminum trichloride, vanillin and scavenging activity on 22-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical methods, respectively...
September 12, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617953/cytotoxic-ceanothane-and-lupane-type-triterpenoids-from-the-roots-of-ziziphus-jujuba
#14
Kyo Bin Kang, Jung Wha Kim, Won Keun Oh, Jinwoong Kim, Sang Hyun Sung
Ziziphus jujuba, a plant in the family Rhamnaceae, is used in several Asian countries as a food and traditional medicine. Fifteen new ceanothane-type (1-15) and three new lupane-type triterpenoids (16-18) were isolated from the roots of Z. jujuba, as well as 12 previously known triterpenoids (19-30). Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic and HR mass spectrometric data analysis. Compounds 12 and 13 were found to possess a rare E-ring γ-lactone structure, and 14 was assigned as the first 2,28-dinorlupane derivative isolated as a natural product...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590732/inventorization-of-some-ayurvedic-plants-and-their-ethnomedicinal-use-in-kakrajhore-forest-area-of-west-bengal
#15
Soumyajit Biswas, Rupa Shaw, Sanjay Bala, Asis Mazumdar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal Plant resources of forest origin are extensively used in India for various systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy, Allopathy, Siddha and Ethnic etc. The tribal communities around the Kakrajhore forest in West Medinipur district of West Bengal have their own traditional knowledge based system of curing many diseases using the forest based plant resources similar to ayurveda. The forest comprises of one of the unique treasure and rich source of diversified ethno-botanical wealth and therefore extensive studies is required for proper documentation including ethnomedicinal knowledge of local tribes...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531220/identifying-the-genetic-diversity-genetic-structure-and-a-core-collection-of-ziziphus-jujuba-mill-var-jujuba-accessions-using-microsatellite-markers
#16
Chaoqun Xu, Jiao Gao, Zengfeng Du, Dengke Li, Zhe Wang, Yingyue Li, Xiaoming Pang
Ziziphus is a genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the Rhamnaceae family. This group has a controversial taxonomy, with more than 200 species described, including Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. jujuba) and Indian jujube (Z. mauritiana), as well as several other important cultivated fruit crops. Using 24 SSR markers distributed across the Chinese jujube genome, 962 jujube accessions from the two largest germplasm repositories were genotyped with the aim of analyzing the genetic diversity and structure and constructing a core collection that retain high genetic diversity...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516674/medical-mucilage-used-in-traditional-persian-medicine-practice
#17
Ghazaleh Heydarirad, Rasool Choopani, Pasalar Mehdi, Jamileh Mahdavi Jafari
BACKGROUND: Mucilage compounds are pharmaceutically important polysaccharides that have an extensive range of applications, including binding agents, thickeners, water retention agents, emulsion stabilizers, suspending agents, disintegrates, film formers, and gelling agents. A historical approach to medical science written by Iranian scholars could help in identifying excellent ideas and provide valuable information in this field for proper application. The aim of the current study was to introduce some mucilage uses derived from traditional Persian medicine (TPM)...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439886/influence-of-harvesting-site-on-chemical-composition-and-potential-protein-value-of-acacia-erioloba-a-nilotica-and-ziziphus-mucronata-leaves-for-ruminants
#18
C M Mnisi, V Mlambo
This study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition, buffer N solubility, in vitro ruminal N degradation and in vitro ruminal biological activity of condensed tannins in Acacia erioloba, Acacia nilotica and Ziziphus mucronata leaves harvested from two sites (Masuthle communal grazing land and Molelwane private farm). Leaves were harvested, dried at 60 °C and milled. The highest crude protein (CP) content was found in leaves of Z. mucronata (177.7 g/kg DM). Leaves harvested from Masuthle had higher (p < 0...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429983/phytochemical-antimicrobial-and-toxicological-evaluation-of-traditional-herbs-used-to-treat-sore-throat
#19
Arifa Mehreen, Muzzamil Waheed, Iram Liaqat, Najma Arshad
The in vitro antibacterial activities of 29 traditional medicinal plants used in respiratory ailments were assessed on multidrug resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria isolated from the sore throat patients and two reference strains. The methanolic, n-hexane, and aqueous extracts were screened by the agar well diffusion assay. Bioactive fractions of effective extracts were identified on TLC coupled with bioautography, while their toxicity was determined using haemolytic assay against human erythrocytes...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395186/a-new-species-in-the-genus-crisicoccus-ferris-hemiptera-coccomorpha-pseudococcidae-with-a-key-to-chinese-species
#20
Jiang-Tao Zhang, San-An Wu
A new mealybug, Crisicoccus ziziphus sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Pseudococcidae), collected on the leaves and twigs of Ziziphus jujuba (Rhamnaceae), is described from China. All the female developmental stages (adult, third-instar, second-instar and first-instar nymphs) are described and illustrated. Keys are provided to separate the female instars and to identify adult females of Crisicoccus species from China.
June 1, 2016: Zootaxa
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