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M Cano-Lamadrid, P Nowicka, F Hernández, A A Carbonell-Barrachina, A Wojdyło
BACKGROUND: As World Health Organization suggested daily intake of fruits and vegetables is lower than the recommended dietary intake (RDI). A good option to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables is the smoothies consumption. This work evaluated the effect of adding fig, jujube, or quince purée to pomegranate juice (cultivars Wonderful and Mollar de Elche) in preparing smoothies at two ratios purée:juice (40:60 and 60:40) on the composition of minerals, sugars, organic acids, vitamin C, antioxidant activity, and polyphenols...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Huiyu Wang, Xia Ye, Jidong Li, Bin Tan, Peng Chen, Jun Cheng, Wei Wang, Xianbo Zheng, Jiancan Feng
BACKGROUND: Jujube witches' broom (JWB), caused by a phytoplasma, devastates jujube tree (Ziziphus jujuba) growth and production in Asia. Although host responses to phytoplasmas are studied at the phenotypic, physiological, biochemical and molecular levels, it remains unclear how a host plant responds at the molecular level during the primary stage of infection. METHODS: To understand the response of the jujube tree to JWB infection, leaves were sampled at different times during the phytoplasma infection...
April 27, 2018: Gene
Chaoling Xue, Zhiguo Liu, Li Dai, Jiaodi Bu, Mengjun Liu, Zhihui Zhao, Zihui Jiang, Weilin Gao, Jin Zhao
Phytoplasmas parasitize plant phloem tissue and cause many economically important plant diseases. Jujube witches' broom disease is a destructive phytoplasma disease of Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.). To elucidate the influence of phytoplasma on host photosynthetic, carbohydrate and energy metabolisms, four types of jujube tissues showing disease symptoms with different severity were investigated at the structural, physiological and molecular levels. qRT-PCR and HPLC results showed that the down-regulation of genes related to photosynthesis and the lower contents of chlorophyll in diseased leaves...
April 12, 2018: Phytopathology
Zhong Zhang, Jian Huang, Xingang Li
The fruit of Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is immensely popular worldwide, while its fleshy fruit has a very short shelf life and suffers serious postharvest damage. The fruit has been controversially classified as non-climacteric, though the mechanisms underlying its ripening behavior, particularly the role of ethylene, have remained unclear. In this study, low and stable ethylene production was detected during ripening of Z. jujuba 'Dongzao' fruit, with production increasing at the full maturity stage...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Edna D Molina-Romo, Adriana Garibay-Escobar, Olivia Valenzuela-Antelo, Eduardo Ruiz-Bustos, Javier Hernández Martínez, Carlos Vélazquez, Luisa A Rascón-Valenzuela, Ramón Enrique Robles-Zepeda
Background: Ziziphus obtusifolia is a spiny shrub found in Northwest Mexico desert, with traditional medicinal use to treat several diseases including cancer. Objective: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the antiproliferative and apoptotic activities of the aerial parts of this plant. Materials and Methods: The methanol extract and its fractions were prepared using several solvents. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated by the (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium) (MTT) assay on HeLa, A549, RAW 264...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Research
Alaa A A Aljabali, Yazan Akkam, Mazhar Salim Al Zoubi, Khalid M Al-Batayneh, Bahaa Al-Trad, Osama Abo Alrob, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Mourad Benamara, David J Evans
(1) Background: There is a growing need for the development of new methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles. The interest in such particles has raised concerns about the environmental safety of their production methods; (2) Objectives: The current methods of nanoparticle production are often expensive and employ chemicals that are potentially harmful to the environment, which calls for the development of "greener" protocols. Herein we describe the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using plant extracts, which offers an alternative, efficient, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly method to produce well-defined geometries of nanoparticles; (3) Methods: The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaf extract acted as an effective reducing agent...
March 19, 2018: Nanomaterials
Mohamed A Dkhil, Rami B Kassab, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Rafat Zrieq, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.), a traditional Arabian medicinal herb, has been used by Egyptians (Bedouin and Nubian) to treat inflammatory symptoms and swellings, pain, and heat since long. We aimed to investigate whether Ziziphus spina-christi leaf extract (ZSCLE) exerted a myocardial and renal protective effect on mice in which sepsis had been induced with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Male C57BL/6 mice were divided randomly into six groups (n = 7): sham-operated group, sham-operated mice treated with ZSCLE (300 mg/kg), CLP-induced sepsis group, ZSCLE (100 mg/kg)-treated group, ZSCLE (200 mg/kg)-treated group, and ZSCLE (300 mg/kg)-treated group...
June 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Rafa S Almeer, Sahar M Mahmoud, Hatem K Amin, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and protective effects of Ziziphus spina-christi fruit extract (ZFE) against acetic acid (AcOH)-induced colitis in rats. Before a single AcOH instillation, ZFE (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/day) was administered for 5 days by oral gavage. Pretreatment with ZFE at different doses suppressed the spread of inflammation and inhibited mucosal damage; in addition, it reduced ulcer size and mitigated colitis markers. Administration of ZFE (400 mg/kg) resulted in a greater reduction of inflammatory colonic injury than that after reference drug, mesalazine (MLZ), administration...
May 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Serge David Dago Attemene, Sylvain Beourou, Karim Tuo, Albert Alloh Gnondjui, Abibatou Konate, Andre Offianan Toure, Seraphin Kati-Coulibaly, Joseph Alico Djaman
Malaria is an infectious and deadly parasitic disease, associated with fever, anaemia and other ailments. Unfortunately the upsurge of plasmodium multidrug resistant constrained researchers to look for new effective drugs. Medicinal plants seem to be an unquenchable source of bioactive principles in the treatment of various diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the antiplasmodial activity of two Ivorian medicinal plants. The in vitro activity was evaluated against clinical isolates and Plasmodium falciparum K1 multidrug resistant strain using the fluorescence based SYBR green I assay...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Mohammad Javed Ansari, Ahmad Al-Ghamdi, Khalid Ali Khan, Nuru Adgaba, Sherweit H El-Ahmady, Haidy A Gad, Abdulrahman Roshan, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Sevgi Kolyali
This study aims at distinguishing honey based on botanical and geographical sources. Different floral honey samples were collected from diverse geographical locations of Saudi Arabia. UV spectroscopy in combination with chemometric analysis including Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogy (SIMCA) were used to classify honey samples. HCA and PCA presented the initial clustering pattern to differentiate between botanical as well as geographical sources...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ana Caroliny Vieira da Costa, Janaína Maria Batista Sousa, Maria Aparecida Azevedo Pereira da Silva, Deborah Dos Santos Garruti, Marta Suely Madruga
Monofloral honeys produced by stingless bees M. subnitida Ducke and M. scutellaris Latrelle in typical flowering of the Brazilian semi-arid Ziziphus juazeiro Mart (juazeiro), Croton heliotropiifolius Kunth (velame branco) and Mimosa arenosa willd Poir (jurema branca) were characterized in relation to volatile and sensorial profile. It identified 11 sensory descriptors and 96 volatile compounds. It was noticed a strong effect of flowering in sensorial profile and volatile of honeys. Juazeiro honey stood out with a higher characteristic aroma, taste sweet, caramel flavor and levels of aromatic aldehydes; jurema honey has been described with herb and beeswax aroma and the presence of sulfur compounds and ketones; volatile acids associated with acid taste, medicinal taste and clove aroma characterized the velame branco honey...
March 2018: Food Research International
Xuelin Wang, Feng Cheng, Dekai Rohlsen, Changwei Bi, Chunyan Wang, Yiqing Xu, Suyun Wei, Qiaolin Ye, Tongming Yin, Ning Ye
Although organellar genomes (including chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes) are smaller than nuclear genomes in size and gene number, organellar genomes are very important for the investigation of plant evolution and molecular ecology mechanisms. Few studies have focused on the organellar genomes of horticultural plants. Approximately 1193 chloroplast genomes and 199 mitochondrial genomes of land plants are available in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), of which only 39 are from horticultural plants...
2018: Horticulture Research
Wei-Yi Ong, Ya-Jun Wu, Tahira Farooqui, Akhlaq A Farooqui
The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory that "kidneys give rise to marrow, and the brain is the sea of marrow" has been a guide for the clinical application of kidney, qi and blood tonics for prevention and treatment of dementia and improvement in memory. As low resistance end-organs, both the brain and the kidneys are subjected to blood flow of high volumes throughout the cardiac cycle. Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia are two common causes of dementia, and it is increasingly recognized that many older adults with dementia have both AD and vascular pathologies...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Radha Yadav, Om Prakash Verma, Jasdeep Chatrath Padaria
Drought is one of the prime abiotic stresses responsible for limiting agricultural productivity. A number of drought responsive genes have been isolated and functionally characterized but these studies have been restricted to a few model plant systems. Very few drought responsive genes have been reported till date from non model drought tolerant plants. The present study aimed at identifying differentially expressed genes from a drought tolerant, non-model plant, Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight & Arn...
April 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Yao Li, Sheng Guo, Tingting Hua, Yanyan Wang, Dandan Wei, Ming Zhao, Shulan Su, Jin-Ao Duan
The fruit of Ziziphus jujuba (Jujubae Fructus) has been used as food and crude drug for thousands of years. Although several chemical and biological studies have revealed triterpenic acid as the main bioactive constituent of Jujubae Fructus responsible for immune-regulatory activity, only few pharmacokinetic studies have been conducted. To comprehend the kinetics of triterpenic acids and promote their curative application, a sensitive and efficient ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry method (UPLC-MS/MS) was established...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Radha Yadav, Showkat Ahmad Lone, Kishor Gaikwad, Nagendra Kumar Singh, Jasdeep Chatrath Padaria
Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight & Arn., a perennial shrub that thrives in the arid regions, is naturally tolerant to drought. However, there are limited studies on the genomics of drought tolerance in Ziziphus sp. In this study, RNA-sequencing of one month old seedlings treated with PEG 6000 was performed using Roche GS-FLX454 Titanium pyrosequencing. A total of 367,176 raw sequence reads were generated, and upon adapter trimming and quality filtration 351,872 reads were assembled de novo into 32,739 unigenes...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kyungae Jo, SangDuk Jeon, Chang-Won Ahn, Sung Hee Han, Hyung Joo Suh
We evaluated the sleep enhancement activity of the medicinal herbs valerian ( Valeriana officinalis ), jujube ( Ziziphus jujube ), lotus seed ( Nelumbo nucifera ), Gastrodia elata , Polygonatum sibiricum , and baekbokryung ( Poria cocos ), which can relieve insomnia in a Drosophila model. Locomotor activity was measured in the Drosophila model to evaluate the sleep activity of Korean medicinal herbs traditionally used as sleep aids. The group treated with lotus seed extract showed less nocturnal activity. Treatment with 10 or 20 mg/mL of P...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Javid Hussain, Fazal Mabood, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Liaqat Ali, Tania Shamim Rizvi, Farah Jabeen, Syed Abdullah Gilani, Shehla Shinwari, Mushtaq Ahmad, Zahra Khalfan Alabri, Said Hamood Salim Al Ghawi
Flavonoids are natural antioxidants derived from plants and commonly found in a variety of foods to sequester free radicals. Quercetin, belonging to flavonol subclass of flavonoids, has received considerable attention because of its wide uses as a nutritional supplement as well as a phytochemical remedy for a number of diseases. In the current study, quantification of quercetin was carried out in two medicinally important flavonoid rich plant Ziziphus mucronata and Ziziphus sativa. Emission spectroscopy was utilized as a new method coupled with Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) and the cross validation was done by UV-Visible spectroscopy...
April 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Mohamed A Dkhil, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
Sepsis is a systemic response to infection that can result in acute hepatic and splenic damage. Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) is a wild tree used as a medicinal plant by ancient Egyptians. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying its effects on sepsis. The current study investigated the protective effects of a Z. spina-christi leaf extract (ZSCLE) on liver and spleen damage in a male C57BL/6 mouse model of sepsis, induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Prior to CLP, ZSCLE was administered daily for five consecutive days via oral gavage at doses of 100, 200, or 300 mg/kg...
January 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Xiaolong Ji, Fang Liu, Qiang Peng, Min Wang
A neutral polysaccharide (PZMP1) with a molecular weight of 16.97 kDa was isolated from Ziziphus Jujuba cv. Muzao with water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and purification with DEAE-Sepharose Fast Flow and Sephacryl S-300 column chromatography. PZMP1 was structurally characterized with high-performance gel-permeation chromatography, gas chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, methylation analysis, NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
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