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Ziziphus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521385/-ziziphus-oxyphylla-ethnobotanical-ethnopharmacological-and-phytochemical-review
#1
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ziziphus oxyphylla (ZO) is distributed mainly in tropic and warm temperate regions in the world. Pakistan owns six (06) indigenous species of genus Ziziphus out of which ZO is widely used for traditional treatment of different ailments such as diabetes, jaundice and liver diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present review aims to provide in-depth and comprehensive literature overview, regarding botanical, chemical and biological characteristics of the plant alongwith phytochemical isolation and mechanistic studies to support its folklore and traditional uses...
May 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512596/in-vitro-screening-for-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-and-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitors-from-selected-nigerian-medicinal-plants
#2
Yusuf Saidu, Suleiman Alhaji Muhammad, Abdullahi Yahaya Abbas, Andrew Onu, Ibrahim Mohammed Tsado, Luba Muhammad
BACKGROUND/AIM: Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP 1B) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) have been identified as one of the drug targets for the treatment of Type-2 diabetes. This study was designed to screen for PTP 1B and DPP-IV inhibitors from some Nigerian medicinal plants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PTP 1B and DPP-IV drug discovery kits from Enzo Life Sciences were used to investigate in vitro inhibitory effect of crude methanolic extract of 10 plants; Mangifera indica, Moringa oleifera, Acacia nilotica, Arachis hypogaea, Senna nigricans, Azadirachta indica, Calotropis procera, Leptadenia hastata, Ziziphus mauritiana, and Solanum incanum...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512382/occurrence-of-belonolaimus-in-sinaloa-northwestern-mexico-a-new-report-on-distribution-and-host-range
#3
Manuel Mundo-Ocampo, J G Baldwin, T J Pereira, J R Camacho-Baez, A D Armenta-Bojorquez, M Camacho-Haro, J O Becker
The present study reports the occurrence of the genus Belonolaimus in the state of Sinaloa, Mexico, associated with native plants (i.e., Ziziphus amole and Stenocereus alamosensis) in a natural coastal ecosystem. Both morphological and molecular approaches were employed to characterize the Sinaloa population. Notwithstanding of some morphological and morphometric variation between Belonolaimus from Sinaloa and other valid species, the characterization indicates that this population might belong to the Belonolaimus longicaudatus species complex...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484391/quantitative-evaluation-of-the-compatibility-effects-of-huangqin-decoction-on-the-treatment-of-irinotecan-induced-gastrointestinal-toxicity-using-untargeted-metabolomics
#4
Dong-Ni Cui, Xu Wang, Jia-Qing Chen, Bo Lv, Pei Zhang, Wei Zhang, Zun-Jian Zhang, Feng-Guo Xu
Huangqin decoction (HQD), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been widely used to treat gastrointestinal syndrome in China for thousands of years. Chemotherapy drug irinotecan (CPT-11) is used clinically to treat various kinds of cancers but limited by its side effects, especially delayed diarrhea. Nowadays, HQD has been proved to be effective in attenuating the intestinal toxicity induced by CPT-11. HQD consists of four medicinal herbs including Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Paeonia lactiflora Pall, and Ziziphus jujuba Mill...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482836/assessment-of-herbal-drugs-for-promising-anti-candida-activity
#5
Sameh S M Soliman, Mohammad H Semreen, Ali A El-Keblawy, Arbab Abdullah, Priya Uppuluri, Ashraf S Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Microbial infections are diverse and cause serious human diseases. Candida albicans infections are serious healthcare-related infections that are complicated by its morphological switching from yeast to hyphae, resistant biofilm formation and mixed infections with bacteria. Due to the increase in drug resistance to currently used antimicrobial agents and the presence of undesirable side effects, the need for safe and effective novel therapies is important. Compounds derived from plants are known for their medicinal properties including antimicrobial activities...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463549/date-stones-of-phoenix-dactylifera-and-jujube-shells-of-ziziphus-lotus-as-potential-biosorbents-for-anionic-dye-removal
#6
Noureddine El Messaoudi, Abdellah Dbik, Mohammed El Khomri, Abderrahman Sabour, Safae Bentahar, Abdellah Lacherai
The aim of this work is to determine the removal of Congo red (CR) from solution aqueous using Date stones (DS) of Phoenix dactylifera and jujube shells (JS) of Ziziphus lotus as low-cost and eco-friendly biosorbents. Batch operations were carried out in the liquid phase to observe the effect of various experimental parameters such as contact time, pH, temperature and initial dye concentration on removal CR. The characteristics of the DS and JS were also examined by FTIR analysis. The biosorption data of CR on DS and JS samples were well fitted the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second kinetics model with a maximum biosorption amount of 45...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458680/genetic-diversity-population-structure-and-linkage-disequilibrium-of-a-core-collection-of-ziziphus-jujuba-assessed-with-genome-wide-snps-developed-by-genotyping-by-sequencing-and-ssr-markers
#7
Wu Chen, Lu Hou, Zhiyong Zhang, Xiaoming Pang, Yingyue Li
Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill) is an economically important fruit species native to China with high nutritious and medicinal value. Genotyping-by-sequencing was used to detect and genotype single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a core collection of 150 Chinese jujube accessions and further to characterize their genetic diversity, population structure, and linkage disequilibrium (LD). A total of 4,680 high-quality SNPs were identified, of which 38 sets of tri-allelic SNPs were detected. The average polymorphism information content (PIC) values based on bi-allelic SNPs and tri-allelic SNPs were 0...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446160/hydro-ethanolic-leaf-extract-of-ziziphus-abyssinica-hochst-ex-a-rich-rhamnaceae-exhibits-anti-nociceptive-effects-in-murine-models
#8
Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw, Eric Woode
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial advances in pain research and treatment, millions of people continue to suffer from pain and this has been attributed mainly to the unavailability of effective and safer analgesics. The use of plants as medicines is still widespread and plants constitute a large source of novel phytocompounds that might become leads for the discovery of newer, effective and safer alternatives. Various parts of Ziziphus abyssinica have been used in folk medicine in several African countries as painkillers...
April 26, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432294/genome-wide-identification-characterization-of-the-mads-box-gene-family-in-chinese-jujube-and-their-involvement-in-flower-development
#9
Liman Zhang, Jin Zhao, Chunfang Feng, Mengjun Liu, Jiurui Wang, Yafei Hu
MADS-box genes encode transcription factors that are involved in plant development control (particularly in floral organogenesis) and signal transduction pathways, though a comprehensive analysis of MADS-box family proteins in Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is still missing. Here, we report a genome-wide analysis of the MADS-box gene family in Chinese jujube. Based on phylogenetic analyses, 52 jujube MADS-box genes were classified into 25 MIKC(C)-type, 3 MIKC(*)-type, 16 Mα, 5 Mβ and 3 Mγ genes. 37 genes were randomly distributed across all 12 putative chromosomes...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426266/physicochemical-characteristics-of-the-seed-and-seed-oil-of-the-potentially-medicinal-plant-ziziphus-oenoplia
#10
Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy, Kadanthottu Sebastian Joseph, Abhishek Madiwal, Dinesh Rajen Gerald, Mahananda Badiger, Lakshmi Kolkar, Reshma Hiremath
The proximate composition of seeds, physicochemical characteristics, and fatty acid profiles of Ziziphus oenoplia seed oil were determined in this study. The seeds possessed low moisture (4.54%) and high carbohydrate (42.96%) and protein content (40%), making the seed oil suitable for storage and consumption. The saponification value (197.80) of the seed oil makes it a promising source for the soap and shampoo industry. The iodine and saponification values are comparable to those of major edible seed oils such as groundnut and soybean...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407906/antioxidant-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-secondary-metabolites-from-ziziphus-jujuba-leaves-used-for-infusion-preparation
#11
Silvia Damiano, Martino Forino, Arpan De, Luca A Vitali, Giulio Lupidi, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati
Ziziphus jujuba Mill., jujube, leaf infusions are popular bedtime beverages as they improve sleep by soothing the nerves. With the aim of providing further insights into the polyphenol content of jujube leaf infusion and their antioxidant activities, a 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-guided purification of the aqueous extract of Z. jujuba Mill. leaves was conducted. Three major antioxidant polyphenols (i.e. quercitrin, catechin and gallocatechin) of the leaves were identified. In addition, a significant antibiofilm bioactivity against Streptococcus mutans, a causative agent of human dental caries, was detected for the aqueous leaf extract and its bio-guided separation resulted in the identification of the lupane triterpenoid alphitolic acid as the main antibiofilm metabolite...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381989/bioactive-fraction-of-annona-reticulata-bark-or-ziziphus-jujuba-root-bark-along-with-insulin-attenuates-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-through-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inflammatory-cascade
#12
Raghuram Kandimalla, Suvakanta Dash, Sanjeeb Kalita, Bhaswati Choudhury, Sandeep Malampati, Rajlakshmi Devi, Muthiah Ramanathan, Narayan C Talukdar, Jibon Kotoky
The present study explains the neuroprotective ability of bioactive fractions of Annona reticulata bark (ARB) and Ziziphus jujuba root bark (ZJ) along with insulin against diabetic neuropathy. By using different solvents of increasing polarity ARB and ZJ were undergone for bioactive guided fractionation. The neuroprotective ability of the all the plant fractions were tested against H2O2 induced toxicity in SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cell lines and DRG neuronal cells. Among all the fractions tested, the methanol extract of ARB and ZJ (ARBME and ZJME) and its water fractions (ARBWF and ZJWF) exhibited significant neuroprotection against H2O2 induced toxicity in SHSY5Y cells and DRG neuronal cells...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351513/aflatoxin-biosynthesis-control-produced-by-aspergillus-flavus-in-layer-hens-feed-during-storage-period-of-six-months
#13
S M Hassan, B Sultana, M Iqbal
Aflatoxins (AFTs) are a group of closely related toxins that are produced by different fungus species. Food and feed contamination with AFT is a worldwide health-related problem. As a result of fungal attack, the food and feed resulted in a principal socioeconomic loss and toxins produced in feed and food items harm the humans and animals in different ways. The anti-aflatoxigenic effect Psidium guajava, Ficus benghalensis, Gardenia radicans, Punica granatum and Ziziphus jujuba leaves were evaluated against aflatoxins (AFTs), produced by Aspergillus flavus in layer feed during storage...
March 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330081/emerging-cam-ziziphus-nummularia-with-in-vivo-sedative-hypnotic-antipyretic-and-analgesic-attributes
#14
Abdur Rauf, Jawad Ali, Haroon Khan, Mohammad S Mubarak, Seema Patel
Ziziphus nummularia from Rhamnaceae family is traditionally used for sedative-hypnotic, antipyretic and analgesic purposes; however, scientific validations are lacking. This in vivo study was undertaken to verify the above ameliorative properties of Z. nummularia root methanolic extract. Various fractions of the extract were assayed on Balb/c mice by open field, Brewer's yeast-induced hyperthermia and acetic acid-induced writhing experiments. The significance of the outcomes was analyzed with statistical tests...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284565/isolation-and-structure-elucidation-of-cyclopeptide-alkaloids-from-ziziphus-nummularia-and-ziziphus-spina-christi-by-hplc-dad-ms-and-hplc-pda-hrms-spe-nmr
#15
Emmy Tuenter, Kenn Foubert, Dan Staerk, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters
Seven cyclopeptide alkaloids were isolated from the stem bark of Ziziphus nummularia and Ziziphus spina-christi. Three previously undescribed compounds were identified: nummularine-U, spinanine-B and spinanine-C, together with the known compounds mauritine-F, nummularine-D, nummularine-E and amphibine-D. For their purification either semi-preparative HPLC with DAD and ESIMS detection or HPLC-PDA-(HRMS)-SPE-NMR was applied, together with conventional separation methods. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic means...
June 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282293/preliminary-phytochemical-analysis-and-evaluation-of-antioxidant-cytotoxic-and-inhibition-of-lipopolysaccaride-induced-nos-inos-expression-in-balb-c-mice-liver-by-ziziphus-oenoplia-mill-fruit
#16
Ramaraj Thirugnanasampandan, Gunasekar Ramya, Gunasekaran Bhuvaneswari, Srinivasan Aravindh, Suresh Vaishnavi, Madhusudhanan Gogulramnath
BACKGROUND: Ziziphus oenoplia Mill. is an ethnomedicinal plant and its fruit has been traditionally used by Puliar tribes of Anamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu, India to treat various ailments. Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant, cytotoxic and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene downregulation activities of Z. oenoplia fruit (ZOF) were studied. METHODS: To explore bioactive compounds present in the ripened fruits, high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis were done...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274571/dammarane-type-saponins-from-leaves-of-ziziphus-spina-christi
#17
Alen Bozicevic, Maria De Mieri, Angela Di Benedetto, Frank Gafner, Matthias Hamburger
Phytochemical profiling of Ziziphus spina-christi leaves led to the characterization of 10 dammarane-type saponins and 12 phenolic compounds. Isolation was achieved by gel chromatography on Sephadex LH20, open column chromatography on silica gel, and semi-preparative HPLC with PDA and ELSD detectors. Structural characterization was performed by extensive 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectrometry, and by GC-MS of sugar derivatives. A biosynthetic pathway leading to three previously undescribed sapogenins is proposed...
June 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274443/isolation-structures-and-bioactivities-of-the-polysaccharides-from-jujube-fruit-ziziphus-jujuba-mill-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Xiaolong Ji, Qiang Peng, Yuepeng Yuan, Jing Shen, Xueying Xie, Min Wang
Jujube (Ziziphus Jujuba Mill.) has been eaten as a fruit and nutraceutical food in China for thousands of years. Recent phytochemical and pharmacological studies have shown that the polysaccharides are one of major biologically active components of the jujube fruit and have various biological effects, including immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antitumor, hepatoprotective, and hypoglycemic activities, and gastrointestinal-protective effects. Although the extraction and purification of jujube polysaccharides are tedious processes, including different steps of liquid- and solid-phase separation, the polysaccharides have been structurally characterized...
July 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271568/effect-of-ziziphus-jujube-fruit-infusion-on-lipid-profiles-glycaemic-index-and-antioxidant-status-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Zeinab Yazdanpanah, Akram Ghadiri-Anari, Alireza Vahidi Mehrjardi, Ali Dehghani, Hadi Zare Zardini, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh
This study was designed to assess the effects of Ziziphus jujube fruit (ZJF) infusion on lipid profiles, glycaemic control and antioxidant status in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 116 participants with T2DM (older than 30 years) were assigned to consume a balanced diet or diet plus ZJF infusion (10 g/100 mL boiling water) three times/day before main meals for 12 weeks. Diet was designed to be energy restricted (500 kcal/day deficit from estimated energy requirements), and macronutrient content was similar in both groups (55% carbohydrate, 15% protein and 30% fat)...
March 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251407/jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-mill-fruit-feeding-extends-lifespan-and-increases-tolerance-to-environmental-stresses-by-regulating-aging-associated-gene-expression-in-drosophila
#20
Saurav Ghimire, Man Su Kim
Jujube (Ziziphus Jujuba Mill.) fruit has been utilized as an adjunct to alleviate medical symptoms including, but not limited to, anorexia, fatigue, anxiety and mild diarrhea for centuries. Despite a growing body of literature revealing jujube fruit's health promoting properties such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant effects (shown with cell-based in vitro platforms), there is a paucity of studies systemically examining its impact on whole organisms or throughout the entire course of life utilizing in vivo model systems...
March 1, 2017: Biogerontology
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