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Rimsha Dilshad, Rida Batool, Nazia Jamil
Utilization of herbs for medicinal purpose started in the early history of mankind several thousand years ago. In this study, some plants that are used for lowering cholesterol level in local areas of Pakistan, such as Artemisia absinthium L., Swertia chirayita and Sphaeranthus indicus were screened for their phytochemical and antibacterial properties. For this purpose, these plants were extracted in different solvents i.e. ethanol, hexane and ethyl acetate. Phytochemcial analysis unveiled the existence of different bioactive compounds in these extracts...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Chinnasamy Balalakshmi, Kasi Gopinath, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Ravi Lokesh, Ayyakannu Arumugam, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The impact of green-fabricated gold nanoparticles on plant cells and non-target aquatic species is scarcely studied. In this research, we reported an environment friendly technique for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using the Sphaeranthus indicus leaf extract. The formation of the metal NPs was characterized by UV-Visible and FT-IR spectroscopy, XRD, SEM and TEM analyses. The UV-Visible spectra of Au NPs showed a surface plasmon resonance peak at 531nm. FT-IR analysis indicated functional bio-molecules associated with Au NPs formation...
August 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Muthiah Chellappandian, Annamalai Thanigaivel, Prabhakaran Vasantha-Srinivasan, Edward-Sam Edwin, Athirstam Ponsankar, Selvaraj Selin-Rani, Kandaswamy Kalaivani, Sengottayan Senthil-Nathan, Giovanni Benelli
Use of environmentally friendly, decomposable natural products for effective vector control has gained considerable momentum in modern society. In this study, essential oil of Sphaeranthus indicus (Si-EO) was extracted and further phytochemical screening revealed fourteen compounds with prominent peak area percentage of 24.9 and 22.54% in 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and benzene,2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-1,4-dimethoxy, respectively. The Si-EO was further evaluated for their larvicidal response against Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti at different dosages (62...
April 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lakshma Reddy Emani, Suryachandra Rao Ravada, Machi Raju Garaga, Bharani Meka, Trimurtulu Golakoti
Isolation and characterisation of two new eudesmanolides, 5α-hydroperoxy-7α-hydroxy-isosphaerantholide (1) and (11α,13-dihydro-7α-hydroxyfrullanolide-13-yl)-adenine (2) from the flower heads of Sphaeranthus indicus are described. In addition, 5α-hydroxy-isosphaerantholide (3) and 11α,13-dihydro-eudesman-3,5,7-triene-6α-12-olide (4) are reported first time as a metabolite of S. indicus and as a natural product, respectively. The structures of these compounds were established from rigorous analysis of their high-resolution mass, IR, UV,1 H NMR,13 C NMR and 2D NMR spectral data...
November 2017: Natural Product Research
Y Swarnalatha, I S Jerrine Joseph, Tippabathani Jayakrishna
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective nature of the rosmarinic acid from Sphaeranthus amaranthoides during zebra fish embryogenesis. METHODS: Rosmarinic acid was isolated from the S. amaranthoides. An accurate, sensitive and simple LC-MS analysis was performed to determine the rosmarinic acid from S. amaranthoides. In the present study, zebrafish embryos were exposed to crimson red and sunset yellow at a concentration of 0.1 and 0.5mg/l and the effect of these food colours on the levels of aurora kinase A was studied individually...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Venkateshwarlu Kudiganti, Raveendra Ramamurthy Kodur, Sushma Raveendra Kodur, Manjunath Halemane, Dheeraj Kumar Deep
BACKGROUND: Meratrim is a blend of two plant extracts obtained from Sphaeranthus indicus flower heads and Garcinia mangostana fruit rinds. Previous studies have demonstrated that Meratrim is effective for weight management in obese individuals. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of Meratrim in managing body weight in healthy overweight subjects. METHODS: Sixty participants with a mean BMI of 28.3 kg/m(2) were randomized into two groups receiving either 400 mg of Meratrim twice daily or two identical placebo capsules for a period of 16 weeks...
August 24, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Bhuwan B Mishra, Navneet Kishore, Vinod K Tiwari
A new antifungal eudesmanolide glycoside 11,13-dihydro-3-O-(β-digitoxopyranose)-7α-hydroxy eudasman-6,12-olide (2) in addition to known compounds 1 and 3, has been isolated from Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. Its structure was determined by spectral analysis (UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR and mass spectrum).
March 8, 2016: Natural Product Research
S Gayatri, R Suresh, C Uma Maheswara Reddy, K Chitra
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in vitro cytotoxic effect and to isolate and characterize a chemopreventive secondary metabolite from Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Burm F (sivakaranthai). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro cytotoxic effect was carried out by 3 (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Different concentrations of the extracts were tested on three different cell lines namely A549, HT29, and MCF7. The chloroform extract was subjected to column chromatography, and the isolated compound was characterized by various spectral methods and by single crystal X-ray crystallography...
January 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Rai Ajit K Srivastava, Sapna Mistry, Somesh Sharma
A large body of evidence suggests that atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease, in which cytokines and growth factors play a major role in disease progression. The methanolic extracts of Sphaeranthus indicus as well as its active ingredient, 7-hydroxy frullanoide (7-HF), are shown to suppress LPS-induced cytokine production from mononuclear cells, and inhibit the expression of VCAM1, ICAM1 and E-selectin by TNF-α- stimulated HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner. We tested the hypothesis that the inhibition of cytokines and adhesion molecules should attenuate the progression of atherosclerosis, independent of changes in the lipid profile...
2015: Nutrition & Metabolism
S Gayatri, C Uma Maheswara Reddy, K Chitra, V Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: A number of plants have been used in Indian system of medicine such as ayurveda, unani and siddha, but most of these plants were not explored properly. Sphaeranthus amaranthoides (SA) Burm.f., is one such plant used as an energizer in siddha. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anticancer effect of chloroform extract of the whole plant of SA Burm.f. against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma bearing Swiss albino mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anticancer effect of chloroform extract was investigated in Swiss albino mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma at two different dose levels...
April 2015: Pharmacognosy Research
Appadurai Daniel Reegan, Munusamy Rajiv Gandhi, Micheal Gabriel Paulraj, Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ovicidal and oviposition deterrent activities of five medicinal plant extracts namely Aegle marmelos (Linn.), Limonia acidissima (Linn.), Sphaeranthus indicus (Linn.), Sphaeranthus amaranthoides (burm.f), and Chromolaena odorata (Linn.) against Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Three solvents, namely hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol, were used for the preparation of extracts from each plant. METHODS: Four different concentrations-62...
February 2015: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Zainulabedin M Saiyed, Krishanu Sengupta, Alluri V Krishnaraju, Golakoti Trimurtulu, Francis C Lau, James P Lugo
Meratrim is a unique dietary ingredient consisting of extracts from Sphaeranthus indicus flower heads and Garcinia mangostana fruit rind. Clinical studies have demonstrated that Meratrim is effective and well-tolerated in weight management. Herein we assessed the broad spectrum safety of Meratrim in a battery of in vitro and animal toxicological studies including a sub-chronic repeated-dose 13-week oral toxicity study to determine the no-observable-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL). The LD50 levels of Meratrim in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, as determined by the acute oral and dermal toxicity studies, were >5000 and >2000 mg/kg body weight, respectively...
April 2015: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Shakila Ramachandran
Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. is from the aroma family Asteraceae. It is also known with other synonyms such as Munditika, Mundi, Shravana, Bhikshu, Tapodhana, Mahashravani, Shravanahva, Shravanashirshaka. It is abundantly distributed in damp areas in plains and also as a weed in the rice fields. In the Indian system of medicine, the plant as a whole plant or its different anatomical parts viz., leaf, stem, bark, root, flower and seed are widely used for curing many diseases. The plant is bitter, stomachic, restorative, alterative, pectoral, demulcent and externally soothing...
July 2013: Pharmacognosy Reviews
M K Pandey, B K Sarma, U P Singh
Twenty-two isolates of Sclerotium rolfsii causing spotted leaf rot from Varanasi, India were grown on 6% Cyperus rotundus rhizome meal agar (CRMA) medium for the induction of athelial stage (Athelia rolfsii). Only one isolate obtained from Sphaeranthus indicus formed basidial stage on CRMA medium while the other 21 isolates did not. Basidial stage was also produced in S. indicus isolate at different concentrations (5.5, 6.0 and 6.5% w/v) of CRMA medium. Size of basidia, sterigmata and basidiospores of this isolate was measured...
March 2005: Mycobiology
J S Stern, J Peerson, A T Mishra, M V Sadasiva Rao, K P Rajeswari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an herbal blend. DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, clinical trial in 60 subjects with body mass index (BMI) between 30 and 40 kg/m(2) . Participants were randomized into two groups receiving either 400 mg herbal capsules or 400 mg placebo capsules twice daily. The herbal blend comprises of extracts from Sphaeranthus indicus and Garcinia mangostana. Participants received a standard diet (2,000 kcal per day) and walked 30 min 5 days per week...
May 2013: Obesity
Judith S Stern, Jan Peerson, Artatrana T Mishra, Venkata Sadasiva Rao Mathukumalli, Poorna Rajeswari Konda
The clinical effects and tolerability of a novel herbal formulation comprising the extracts of Sphaeranthus indicus and Garcinia mangostana were assessed in two similarly designed randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trials in 100 human subjects with a body mass index (BMI) between 30 and 40 kg/m². Participants were randomized into two groups receiving either 400 mg of herbal blend twice daily or two identical placebo capsules. All subjects received three meals (2000 kcal/day) throughout the study and walked 5 days a week for 30 min...
June 2013: Journal of Medicinal Food
A Nahata, V K Dixit
This study demonstrates 5α-reductase inhibitory activity of certain herbs useful in the management of androgenic disorders. Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst (GL), Urtica dioica Linn. (UD), Caesalpinia bonducella Fleming. (CB), Tribulus terrestris Linn. (TT), Pedalium murex Linn. (PM), Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. (SI), Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. (CR), Citrullus colocynthis Schrad. (CC), Benincasa hispida Cogn. (BH), Phyllanthus niruri Linn. (PN) and Echinops echinatus Linn. (EE) were included in the study. Petroleum ether, ethanol and aqueous extracts of these herbs were tested for their 5α-reductase inhibitory activity against the standard 5α-reductase inhibitor, finasteride...
August 2014: Andrologia
R Geethalakshmi, C Sakravarthi, T Kritika, M Arul Kirubakaran, D V L Sarada
BACKGROUND: Sphaeranthus amaranthoides commonly known as sivakaranthai is used in folklore medicine for the treatment of skin diseases. METHODS: The antioxidant activity of the extract and its fraction was evaluated by using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, total antioxidant capacity, and total phenolic content. The tested plant extracts showed variable degrees of antioxidant activity. In the present study, methanolic extract of the whole plant of S...
2013: BioMed Research International
Francis Machumi, Abiy Yenesew, Jacob O Midiwo, Matthias Heydenreich, Erich Kleinpeter, Babu L Tekwani, Shabana I Khan, Larry A Walker, Ilias Muhammad
The CH2Cl2-MeOH (1:1) extract of the aerial parts of Sphaeranthus bullatus, an annual herb native to tropical East Africa, showed activity against chloroquine sensitive D6 (IC50 9.7 microg/mL) and chloroquine resistant W2 (IC50 15.0 microg/mL) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Seventeen secondary metabolites were isolated from the extract through conventional chromatographic techniques and identified using various spectroscopic methods. The compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial, antileishmanial and anticancer activities revealing activity of four carvotacetone derivatives, namely 3-acetoxy-7-hydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (1), 3,7-dihydroxy-5-tigloyloxycarvotacetone (2), 3-acetoxy-5,7-dihydroxycarvotacetone (3) and 3,5,7-trihydroxy-carvotacetone (4); with antiplasmodial IC50 values of 1...
September 2012: Natural Product Communications
Mayurkumar B Patel, Dipa Amin
OBJECTIVE: The present investigation was aimed at discovery of novel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. METHODS: In vitro AchE inhibitory activity of various extracts of Sphaeranthus indicus flower heads was carried out. The petroleum ether fraction of S. indicus flowers (SIPE) exhibited significant activity. The fraction was found to be rich in sesquiterpene lactone content possibly responsible for in vitro AChE inhibition. In further study, the antiamnesic activities of SIPE in mice on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine (1...
September 24, 2012: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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