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Phonological impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326896/investigating-the-effect-of-regional-native-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-language-impairment
#1
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321196/connected-speech-in-neurodegenerative-language-disorders-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Veronica Boschi, Eleonora Catricalà, Monica Consonni, Cristiano Chesi, Andrea Moro, Stefano F Cappa
Language assessment has a crucial role in the clinical diagnosis of several neurodegenerative diseases. The analysis of extended speech production is a precious source of information encompassing the phonetic, phonological, lexico-semantic, morpho-syntactic, and pragmatic levels of language organization. The knowledge about the distinctive linguistic variables identifying language deficits associated to different neurodegenerative diseases has progressively improved in the last years. However, the heterogeneity of such variables and of the way they are measured and classified limits any generalization and makes the comparison among studies difficult...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287166/pitch-discrimination-associated-with-phonological-awareness-evidence-from-congenital-amusia
#3
Yanan Sun, Xuejing Lu, Hao Tam Ho, William Forde Thompson
Research suggests that musical skills are associated with phonological abilities. To further investigate this association, we examined whether phonological impairments are evident in individuals with poor music abilities. Twenty individuals with congenital amusia and 20 matched controls were assessed on a pure-tone pitch discrimination task, a rhythm discrimination task, and four phonological tests. Amusic participants showed deficits in discriminating pitch and discriminating rhythmic patterns that involve a regular beat...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277685/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-phonological-working-memory-methodological-variability-affects-clinical-and-experimental-performance-metrics
#4
Stephanie J Tarle, R Matt Alderson, Connor H G Patros, Sarah E Lea, Kristen L Hudec, Elaine F Arrington
OBJECTIVE: Despite promising findings in extant research that suggest impaired working memory (WM) serves as a central neurocognitive deficit or candidate endophenotype of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), findings from translational research have been relatively underwhelming. This study aimed to explicate previous equivocal findings by systematically examining the effect of methodological variability on WM performance estimates across experimental and clinical WM measures...
March 9, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259857/auditory-training-changes-temporal-lobe-connectivity-in-wernicke-s-aphasia-a-randomised-trial
#5
Zoe Vj Woodhead, Jennifer Crinion, Sundeep Teki, Will Penny, Cathy J Price, Alexander P Leff
INTRODUCTION: Aphasia is one of the most disabling sequelae after stroke, occurring in 25%-40% of stroke survivors. However, there remains a lack of good evidence for the efficacy or mechanisms of speech comprehension rehabilitation. TRIAL DESIGN: This within-subjects trial tested two concurrent interventions in 20 patients with chronic aphasia with speech comprehension impairment following left hemisphere stroke: (1) phonological training using 'Earobics' software and (2) a pharmacological intervention using donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241284/nonword-repetition-and-vocabulary-knowledge-as-predictors-of-children-s-phonological-and-semantic-word-learning
#6
Suzanne M Adlof, Hannah Patten
Purpose: This study examined the unique and shared variance that nonword repetition and vocabulary knowledge contribute to children's ability to learn new words. Multiple measures of word learning were used to assess recall and recognition of phonological and semantic information. Method: Fifty children, with a mean age of 8 years (range 5-12 years), completed experimental assessments of word learning and norm-referenced assessments of receptive and expressive vocabulary knowledge and nonword repetition skills...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241193/lipreading-ability-and-its-cognitive-correlates-in-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#7
Jenni Heikkilä, Eila Lonka, Sanna Ahola, Auli Meronen, Kaisa Tiippana
Purpose: Lipreading and its cognitive correlates were studied in school-age children with typical language development and delayed language development due to specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Forty-two children with typical language development and 20 children with SLI were tested by using a word-level lipreading test and an extensive battery of standardized cognitive and linguistic tests. Results: Children with SLI were poorer lipreaders than their typically developing peers...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223953/predicting-future-reading-problems-based-on-pre-reading-auditory-measures-a-longitudinal-study-of-children-with-a-familial-risk-of-dyslexia
#8
Jeremy M Law, Maaike Vandermosten, Pol Ghesquière, Jan Wouters
Purpose: This longitudinal study examines measures of temporal auditory processing in pre-reading children with a family risk of dyslexia. Specifically, it attempts to ascertain whether pre-reading auditory processing, speech perception, and phonological awareness (PA) reliably predict later literacy achievement. Additionally, this study retrospectively examines the presence of pre-reading auditory processing, speech perception, and PA impairments in children later found to be literacy impaired. Method: Forty-four pre-reading children with and without a family risk of dyslexia were assessed at three time points (kindergarten, first, and second grade)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212161/hearing-impairment-and-the-amelioration-of-avoidable-medical-error-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201838/phonological-treatment-approaches-for-spoken-word-production-in-aphasia
#10
Elizabeth Brookshire Madden, Reva M Robinson, Diane L Kendall
This article provides an overview of phonological treatment approaches for anomia in individuals with aphasia. The role of phonology in language processing, as well as the impact of phonological impairment on communication is initially discussed. Then, traditional phonologically based treatment approaches, including phonological, orthographic, indirect, guided, and mixed cueing methods, are described. Collectively, these cueing treatment approaches aim to facilitate word retrieval by stimulating residual phonological abilities...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201836/working-memory-in-aphasia-considering-discourse-processing-and-treatment-implications
#11
Amy Henderson, Hana Kim, Stephen Kintz, Nicole Frisco, Heather Harris Wright
Evidence suggests that persons with aphasia (PWAs) present with working memory impairments that affect a variety of language tasks. Most of these studies have focused on the phonological loop component of working memory and little attention has been paid to the episodic buffer component. The episodic buffer, as a limited capacity, multimodal system that binds and integrates information from the phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad, and long-term memory would likely be involved in discourse processing. The purposes of this article were to (1) review discourse level deficits associated with aphasia, (2) describe how a deficit at the level of the episodic buffer could cause such deficits, (3) to review discourse treatment approaches for PWAs, and (4) present preliminary results from a novel discourse treatment study for PWAs...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201834/short-term-memory-and-aphasia-from-theory-to-treatment
#12
Irene Minkina, Samantha Rosenberg, Michelene Kalinyak-Fliszar, Nadine Martin
This article reviews existing research on the interactions between verbal short-term memory and language processing impairments in aphasia. Theoretical models of short-term memory are reviewed, starting with a model assuming a separation between short-term memory and language, and progressing to models that view verbal short-term memory as a cognitive requirement of language processing. The review highlights a verbal short-term memory model derived from an interactive activation model of word retrieval. This model holds that verbal short-term memory encompasses the temporary activation of linguistic knowledge (e...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199175/sequential-prediction-of-literacy-achievement-for-specific-learning-disabilities-contrasting-in-impaired-levels-of-language-in-grades-4-to-9
#13
Elizabeth A Sanders, Virginia W Berninger, Robert D Abbott
Sequential regression was used to evaluate whether language-related working memory components uniquely predict reading and writing achievement beyond cognitive-linguistic translation for students in Grades 4 through 9 ( N = 103) with specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in subword handwriting (dysgraphia, n = 25), word reading and spelling (dyslexia, n = 60), or oral and written language (oral and written language learning disabilities, n = 18). That is, SLDs are defined on the basis of cascading level of language impairment (subword, word, and syntax/text)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187370/language-comprehension-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#14
Bernadette Witecy, Martina Penke
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence as to whether receptive language abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) continue to improve into adulthood, reach a plateau in late adolescence, or even start to decline. AIM: The study aims to shed light on the question whether receptive syntactic skills change from childhood/adolescence to adulthood and provides a detailed qualitative analysis of the receptive abilities of adults with DS. METHODS: 58 individuals with DS participated in the study: 31 children/adolescents (aged: 4;6-19;0 years) and 27 adults (aged: 20;8-40;3 years)...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135902/mapping-common-aphasia-assessments-to-underlying-cognitive-processes-and-their-neural-substrates
#15
Elizabeth H Lacey, Laura M Skipper-Kallal, Shihui Xing, Mackenzie E Fama, Peter E Turkeltaub
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationships between clinical tests, the processes they measure, and the brain networks underlying them, is critical in order for clinicians to move beyond aphasia syndrome classification toward specification of individual language process impairments. OBJECTIVE: To understand the cognitive, language, and neuroanatomical factors underlying scores of commonly used aphasia tests. METHODS: Twenty-five behavioral tests were administered to a group of 38 chronic left hemisphere stroke survivors and a high-resolution magnetic resonance image was obtained...
January 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131010/electrophysiological-basis-of-reading-related-phonological-impairment-in-chinese-speakers-with-schizophrenia-an-erp-study
#16
Jiuju Wang, Qi Liu, Taeko N Wydell, Jinmin Liao, Fang Wang, Wenxiang Quan, Ju Tian, Pengfei Wang, Jin Liu, Wentian Dong
It has been reported in alphabetic languages that individuals with schizophrenia showed language-related cognitive impairments including phonological deficits, which were in turn associated with clinical symptoms such as auditory hallucinations and thought disorders. To date, however, the phonological deficits involved in schizophrenia in Chinese and its neural basis have not been well established. In order to establish such a relationship we conducted a behavioral study using lexical tone judgment and digit span tasks as well as an event-related potential (ERP) study with an auditory oddball paradigm, in particular, for P300 effects, the event-related brain potential (ERP) index of discrimination...
January 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102620/when-does-speech-sound-disorder-matter-for-literacy-the-role-of-disordered-speech-errors-co-occurring-language-impairment-and-family-risk-of-dyslexia
#17
Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas, Julia M Carroll, Ruth Leavett, Charles Hulme, Margaret J Snowling
BACKGROUND: This study considers the role of early speech difficulties in literacy development, in the context of additional risk factors. METHOD: Children were identified with speech sound disorder (SSD) at the age of 3½ years, on the basis of performance on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Their literacy skills were assessed at the start of formal reading instruction (age 5½), using measures of phoneme awareness, word-level reading and spelling; and 3 years later (age 8), using measures of word-level reading, spelling and reading comprehension...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093277/evaluating-the-relationship-between-sublexical-and-lexical-processing-in-speech-perception-evidence-from-aphasia
#18
Heather Dial, Randi Martin
Several studies have reported that aphasic patients may perform substantially better on lexical than sublexical perception tasks (e.g., Miceli et al., 1980). These findings challenge claims made by models of speech perception which assume obligatory sublexical processing (e.g., McClelland and Elman, 1986; Norris, 1994). However, prior studies have not closely matched the phonological similarity of targets and distractors or task demands of the sublexical and lexical perception tasks. The current study addressed shortcomings of these prior studies, testing 13 aphasic patients on sublexical and lexical tasks matched in phonological similarity of stimuli and task demands...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077012/phonological-working-memory-deficits-in-adhd-revisited
#19
Joseph S Raiker, Lauren M Friedman, Sarah A Orban, Michael J Kofler, Dustin E Sarver, Mark D Rapport
OBJECTIVE: The current study dissociates lower level information-processing abilities (visual registration/encoding, visual-to-phonological conversion, and response output) and examines their contribution to ADHD-related phonological working memory (PHWM) deficits. METHOD: Twenty children with ADHD and 15 typically developing (TD) children completed tasks assessing PHWM, visual registration/encoding, visual-to-phonological conversion, and response output. RESULTS: Relative to TD children, children with ADHD exhibited deficient visual registration/encoding ( d = 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036410/interactive-book-reading-to-accelerate-word-learning-by-kindergarten-children-with-specific-language-impairment-identifying-an-adequate-intensity-and-variation-in-treatment-response
#20
Holly L Storkel, Krista Voelmle, Veronica Fierro, Kelsey Flake, Kandace K Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine
Purpose: This study sought to identify an adequate intensity of interactive book reading for new word learning by children with specific language impairment (SLI) and to examine variability in treatment response. Method: An escalation design adapted from nontoxic drug trials (Hunsberger, Rubinstein, Dancey, & Korn, 2005) was used in this Phase I/II preliminary clinical trial. A total of 27 kindergarten children with SLI were randomized to 1 of 4 intensities of interactive book reading: 12, 24, 36, or 48 exposures...
January 1, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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