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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546867/tethered-cord-syndrome-with-spina-bifida-aperta-in-cats-two-case-reports-of-different-types
#1
Masahiro Tamura, Takashi Oji, Satoshi Une, Makiko Mukaino, Tatsuro Bekki, Masaki Tado, Hiromi Koyama, Yumiko Kagawa, Mutsumi Kawata
CASE SUMMARY: Two castrated male cats, aged 8 months old (case 1) and 10 months old (case 2), showed a history of progressive paraparesis, an over-reaching pelvic limb gait, urinary incontinence and a palpable dermoid fistula. In case 1, the fistula was connected to the dural sac on the conus medullaris, and the tethered spinal cord was retracted caudally. In case 2, the tubular structure was connected to the dural sac on the thoracic spinal cord, and the tethered spinal cord was retracted dorsally...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542741/age-estimation-of-immature-human-skeletal-remains-from-the-dimensions-of-the-girdle-bones-in-the-postnatal-period
#2
Hugo F V Cardoso, Laure Spake, Louise T Humphrey
OBJECTIVES: This study provides classical calibration regression formulae for age estimation from the dimensions of unfused shoulder and pelvic girdle bones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Age estimation models were derived from a sample of 160 known age and sex individuals (63 females and 97 males) aged birth to 12 years, selected from Portuguese and English skeletal collections. The sample was divided into two age groups at the age of 2 years, and formulae were obtained for the sexes separately and combined...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542100/global-spinal-alignment-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#3
Go Yoshida, Abdulmajeed Alzakri, Vincent Pointillart, Louis Boissiere, Ibrahim Obeid, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Jean Marc Vital, Olivier Gille
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective radiographic analysis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) OBJECTIVE.: To clarify the pathophysiology of CSM, and use the characteristic of global spinal alignment for determining the surgical strategy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiographic evaluation of CSM, in general, comprises cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and regional cervical radiography, which cannot distinguish between cervical hyperlodorsis with spinopelvic compensation and cervical lordorsis with normal global alignment...
May 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538870/liquid-silicone-used-for-esthetic-purposes-as-a-potentiator-for-occurrence-of-post-radiotherapy-genital-lymphedema-case-report
#4
Raíssa Quaiatti Antonelli, Davi Reis Calderoni, Igor Ferreira Garcia, Rafael Fantelli Stelini, Adriano Fregonesi, Paulo Kharmandayan
CONTEXT: Lymphedema consists of extracellular fluid retention caused by lymphatic obstruction. In chronic forms, fat and fibrous tissue accumulation is observed. Genital lymphedema is a rare condition in developed countries and may have primary or acquired etiology. It generally leads to urinary, sexual and social impairment. Clinical treatment usually has low effectiveness, and surgical resection is frequently indicated. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a male-to-female transgender patient who was referred for treatment of chronic genital lymphedema...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534336/-establishment-of-pelvic-nerve-denervation-modal-in-mice
#5
Huiwen Shi, Yue Tian, Feixiang Dai, Lei Xiao, Zhigang Ke, Weidong Tong
OBJECTIVE: To establishment and verify pelvic nerve denervation (PND) model in mice. METHODS: (1) Establishment of models. Seventy-two healthy male SPE class C57 mice with age of 7 weeks and body weight of (25±1) g were chosen. These 72 mice were randomly divided into PND group containing 36 mice and sham operation group containing 36 mice. Referring to the establishment method of PND rats, after anesthesia, a laparotomy was performed on the mouse with an abdominal median incision...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530502/the-effect-of-stride-length-and-lateral-pelvic-tilt-on-elbow-torque-in-youth-baseball-pitchers
#6
Noah X Tocci, David R Howell, Dai Sugimoto, Corey Dawkins, Amy Whited, Donald Bae
High elbow torque during a pitch may contribute to injury risk. Our objective was to determine the pitch mechanics associated with elbow varus torque in youth baseball pitchers. Eighteen male youth pitchers (age=15.5±1.6 years) threw three fastballs and three change-ups from a windup position while undergoing three-dimensional kinematic analysis. Independent variables included ball release point distance, stride length, lateral pelvic tilt, and ball velocity. Two multiple regression models, separated by pitch type (fastball, change-up) were used to determine the association of independent variables with peak varus torque at the elbow...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529746/morphological-changes-in-peri-prostatic-sympathetic-ganglion-cells-in-aging-males
#7
Lea Rath-Wolfson, Asaf Shvero, Golan Bubis, Galina Buzaverov, Aliza Zeidman, Edward Ram, Rumelia Koren
A significant part of morbidity in elderly male patients involves the pelvic organs and their autonomic neural regulation. The aim of the current study was to report the histopathological changes in the peri-prostatic ganglia in elderly males. The sympathetic ganglia from 36 prostatectomy specimens, 26 due to carcinoma of the prostate and 10 prostates from total cystectomies for transitional cell carcinoma, were examined. The age range was 54-88 years. A total of 5,075 ganglion cells were counted in all the specimens...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528930/clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-urologic-chronic-pelvic-pain-symptom-change-over-one-year-a-prospective-study-from-the-mapp-research-network
#8
Bruce D Naliboff, Alisa J Stephens, H Henry Lai, James W Griffith, J Quentin Clemens, Susan Lutgendorf, Larissa V Rodriguez, Craig Newcomb, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Wensheng Guo, John W Kusek, J Richard Landis
OBJECTIVE: To examine baseline clinical and psychosocial characteristics that predict 12- month symptom change in men and women with urologic chronic pelvic pain syndromes (UCPPS). METHODS: 221 female and 176 male UCPPS patients were recruited from 6 academic medical centers in the United States and evaluated at baseline with a comprehensive battery of symptom, psychosocial, and illness-impact measures. Based on biweekly symptom reports, a functional clustering procedure classified participant's outcome as worse, stable, or improved on pain and urinary symptom severity...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528186/the-pouch-of-the-douglas-s-pouch
#9
I Sall, E Diémé, M Diallo, E Bénadji, M Diouf, B Ndiaye, O Fall, A Sow, I C Diakhaté, M Ogougbémy
Hernia is described as the protrusion of an organ into the wall of its normal containing cavity. Internal hernia (IH) involves protrusion of viscera through: a peritoneal or mesentery defect, a normal or abnormal compartment of the peritoneal cavity. Hernias occurring in the pelvis cavity are usually classified according to the fascial margins breached and include sciatic, obturator and those through the rectouterin pouch: elytrocele and enterocele. Those hernias are defined by the protrusion of a viscus through the wall of the pelvis due to weakness of the pelvic fascia and/or muscles...
May 17, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527720/overactive-bladder-oab-a-symptom-in-search-of-a-disease-its-relationship-to-specific-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-conditions
#10
Jason P Van Batavia, Andrew J Combs, Angela M Fast, Kenneth I Glassberg
BACKGROUND: The ICCS defines OAB by the subjective symptom of urgency; detrusor overactivity (DO) is only implied. While no other symptom is required, OAB can also be associated with urinary frequency, decreased functional bladder capacity, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine how often these associated findings occur in OAB and what if any uroflow/EMG-defined conditions are found to be associated with it. METHODS: The charts of 548 children (231M, 318F; mean age 9...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526581/a-novel-mouse-model-of-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-induced-by-immunization-of-special-peptide-fragment-with-aluminum-hydroxide-adjuvant
#11
Farhan Ullah Khan, Awais Ullah Ihsan, Waqas Nawaz, Muhammad Zahid Khan, Mengqi Yang, Gang Wang, Xiaoqian Liao, Lei Han, Xiaohui Zhou
OBJECTIVES: CP/CPPS is a commonly observed distress in male patients. Because of its little-known etiology, no effective therapy has been developed which has promising outcomes. Therefore, there is a need to develop a valid model which can mimic the etiology of CP/CPPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly and averagely divided into 5 groups of 10 mice each. The control group was injected with 0.9% NaCl solution. Aluminum hydroxide and T2 groups were injected with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant and T2 peptide...
May 16, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520297/the-optimal-approach-for-a-superior-hypogastric-plexus-block
#12
Ji Won Choi, Won Ho Kim, Chul Joong Lee, Woo Seog Sim, Sukhee Park, Hyun Byung Chae
INTRODUCTION: Superior hypogastric plexus block (SHGPB) is technically difficult and accurate procedure is required to avoid potential complications. We attempted to determine the reference angles for fluoroscopy-assisted SHGPB and to establish a predictor that can guide to select optimal approach between classic posterior approach and transdiscal approach. METHODS: Abdomino-pelvic CT scans from 268 patients diagnosed with pelvic malignancies were examined. The oblique and axial angles needed for the fluoroscope were measured both for posterior and transdiscal approaches by simulating the needle trajectory on CT imaging...
May 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515930/determination-of-adequate-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-range-for-japanese-males-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy
#13
Nobuki Furubayashi, Takahito Negishi, Hidenori Iwai, Kei Nagase, Kenichi Taguchi, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Motonobu Nakamura
The present study aimed to determine the adequate pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) range for Japanese males undergoing radical prostatectomy. A total of 467 Japanese patients who underwent antegrade radical prostatectomy at the National Kyushu Cancer Center (Fukuoka, Japan) were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups according to the PLND extent: The standard (obturator + internal iliac nodes) group and the expanded (standard + additional nodes) group, which accounted for 64...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#14
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509382/paratesticular-desmoplastic-small-round-cell-tumors-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Laura Sedig, James Geiger, Rajen Mody, Rama Jasty-Rao
Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSCRT) is a rare malignancy most often seen in the abdomen or pelvis of young men. Unfortunately, this disease is usually metastatic at diagnosis and has dismal outcomes. We describe a case of isolated paratesticular DSCRT in a 14-year-old male successfully treated with surgical resection, chemotherapy, and adjuvant radiation, and we present a review of the relevant literature. It appears that isolated, paratesticular DSCRTs have a markedly better outcome than the classic abdominal or pelvic location...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503534/effects-of-three-spinal-stabilization-techniques-on-activation-and-thickness-of-abdominal-muscle
#16
Byeong-Jo Kim, Su-Kyoung Lee
In this study, we examine the thickness of the abdominal muscle and its activity during the performance of the three drawing-in methods. The subjects were 20 healthy male and female students in their 20s. Using ultrasonography and electromyography, the experimenter measured the thickness of the transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle, internal oblique (IO) muscle and external oblique (EO) muscle. The ultrasonography measurements for the drawing-in manoeuver (DI), abdominal bracing, and posterior pelvic tilt (PT) techniques were 0...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502552/bifurcated-bifurcated-aneurysm-repair-is-a-novel-technique-to-repair-infrarenal-aortic-aneurysms-in-the-setting-of-iliac-aneurysms
#17
Susanna Hewon Shin, Benjamin Ware Starnes
BACKGROUND: Up to 40% of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have coexistent iliac artery aneurysms (IAAs). In the past, successful endovascular repair required internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization, which can lead to pelvic or buttock ischemia. This study describes a technique that uses a readily available solution with a minimally altered off-the-shelf bifurcated graft in the IAA to maintain IIA perfusion. METHODS: From August 2009 to May 2015, 14 patients with AAAs and coexisting IAAs underwent repair with a bifurcated-bifurcated approach...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500466/a-three-dimensional-pelvic-model-made-with-a-three-dimensional-printer-applications-for-laparoscopic-surgery-to-treat-rectal-cancer
#18
A Hamabe, M Ito
To help understand the three-dimensional (3D) spatial relationships among the highly complex structures of the pelvis, we made a novel 3D pelvic model with a 3D printing system. We created two pelvic models including the muscles, vessels, nerves, and urogenital organs; the first based on the pelvic anatomy of a healthy male volunteer and the second on the pelvic anatomy of a female volunteer with rectal cancer. The models clearly demonstrated the complicated spatial relationships between anatomical structures in the pelvis...
May 12, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499240/establishment-of-a-rat-model-of-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-cp-cpps-induced-by-immunization-with-a-novel-peptide-t2
#19
Awais Ullah Ihsan, Farhan Ullah Khan, Waqas Nawaz, Muhammad Zahid Khan, Mengqi Yang, Xiaohui Zhou
BACKGROUND: The exact etiological mechanism of Chronic Prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is still unclear however autoimmunity is the most valid theory. We developed a rat model of Chronic Prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome by using a novel peptide (T2) isolated from TRPM8. This model might be beneficial in elucidating mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS). METHODS: 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats with an average weight of 180-220g were equally distributed into five groups...
May 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498719/surgical-anatomy-of-the-pelvic-vasculature-with-particular-reference-to-acetabular-screw-fixation-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-asian-population
#20
Hironori Ohashi, Shinichi Kikuchi, Shigeo Aota, Michiyuki Hakozaki, Shinichi Konno
PURPOSE: Pelvic vascular injury is a serious complication associated with acetabular component setting with screw fixation in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, we investigated the safety zone for acetabular component setting with screw fixation in cementless THA as a means to prevent pelvic vascular injury. METHODS: Thirty left hip joints of Japanese cadavers (11 males and 19 females) were analyzed. We used a hemispherical measuring cup with 52 guide holes designed to allow vertical insertion of a Kirschner wire...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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