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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928494/systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-the-difference-between-the-spinal-level-of-the-palpated-and-imaged-iliac-crests
#1
Robert Cooperstein, Felisha Truong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the literature to determine and compare, for patient sub-groups, the spinal level of the iliac crests as commonly measured through manual palpation and radiographic imaging procedures. METHODS: Relevant citations were retrieved by searching the PubMed, ICL, CINAHL, AMED, Osteopathic Research Web, OstMed, and MANTIS biomedical databases, and included articles were rated for quality. Search terms included Tuffier*, intercristal line, intercrestal line, Jacoby's line, lumbar spine, lumbar landmark, pelvic landmark, palpation, and TL (Tuffier's Line)...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926645/alterations-in-regional-homogeneity-of-resting-state-cerebral-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#2
Yusong Lin, Yan Bai, Peng Liu, Xuejuan Yang, Wei Qin, Jianqin Gu, Degang Ding, Jie Tian, Meiyun Wang
The purpose of this study was to explore the neural mechanism in Chronic prostatitis/Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed on 31 male CP/CPPS-patients and 31 age and education matched male healthy controls on a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging unit. A two-sample t-test was adopted to reveal the regional homogeneity between the patients and healthy controls. The mean regional homogeneity values in the alerted brain regions of patients were correlated with the clinical measurements by using Pearson's correlation analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924962/the-impact-of-tumour-distance-from-the-anal-verge-on-clinical-management-and-outcomes-in-patients-having-a-curative-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#3
Muhammad Amir Saeed Khan, Chin W Ang, Abdul Rahman Hakeem, Nigel Scott, Rick Nigel Saunders, Ian Botterill
AIM: The clinico-oncological significance of the distance of rectal cancer from the anal verge is unclear and not well reported. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of the rectal cancer distance from the anal verge on clinical management and long-term outcomes after curative resection in a specialised colorectal cancer unit. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients who underwent primary rectal cancer treatment at our unit between January 2005 and December 2010 were analysed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#4
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917361/immediate-effects-of-pilates-based-therapeutic-exercise-on-postural-control-of-young-individuals-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Susana Lopes, Christophe Correia, Gonçalo Félix, Mário Lopes, Ana Cruz, Fernando Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain affects the person's ability to keep balance, especially in challenging conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the immediate effects of Pilates exercises on postural sway and dynamic balance of young individuals with non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory design. SETTINGS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Forty-six participants with non-specific low back pain were randomized to a Pilates (n=23, 10 males; age: 21...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917065/diagnosis-of-mesenteric-panniculitis-in-the-multi-detector-computed-tomography-era-association-with-malignancy-and-surgical-history
#6
Waleed S Mahafza, Karam A Manzalawi, Azza A Gharaibeh, Omar W Khayat, Awni Shahait, Malik E Juweid
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and associations of mesenteric panniculitis (MP) using multi-detector CT (MDCT). METHODS: This retrospective study included 4758 consecutive patients who underwent abdomino-pelvic MDCT between January 2012 and December 2014 at Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Radiological database was searched for MP diagnosis and patients with suspected MP were re-evaluated by an experienced radiologist to confirm the diagnosis. Data on all patients with confirmed MP diagnosis were subsequently collected and analyzed...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910465/combat-trousers-as-effective-improvised-pelvic-binders-a-comparative-cadaveric-study
#7
Andrew Loftus, Rhys Morris, Yasmin Friedmann, Ian Pallister, Paul Parker
BACKGROUND: Improvised explosive devices and landmines can cause pelvic fractures, which, in turn, can produce catastrophic hemorrhage. This cadaveric study compared the intrapelvic pressure changes that occurred with the application of an improvised pelvic binder adapted from the combat trousers worn by British military personnel with the commercially available trauma pelvic orthotic device (TPOD). METHODS: Six unembalmed cadavers (three male, three female) were used to simulate an unstable pelvic fracture with complete disruption of the posterior arch (AO/OTA 61-C1) by dividing the pelvic ring anteriorly and posteriorly...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904900/advance-male-sling
#8
REVIEW
Amanda S J Chung, Oscar A Suarez, Kurt A McCammon
The AdVance sling (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, United States of America) is a synthetic transobturator sling, which is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for mild to moderate stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in male patients. This article provides a step-by-step description of our technique for placement of the AdVance male sling, including details and nuances gained from surgical experience, advice for avoidance of complications and discussion on management of complications and sling failures...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893709/novel-application-of-branched-endograft-for-preservation-of-pelvic-circulation
#9
Roy Miler, Jeanwan Kang, Patrick Sowa, Matthew Eagleton, F Ezequiel Parodi
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Endovascular repair of a proximal anastomotic pseudoaneurysm of an end-to-side aortobifemoral bypass (ABF) can lead to pelvic ischemia. We present a novel application of branched aortic endograft to repair such pseudoaneurysm while preserving flow into the ABF and native aortoiliac system. METHODS: A 71 year old male with history of aortoiliac occlusive disease resulting in lifestyle limiting claudication was treated with an aortobifemoral bypass in 1999...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892597/adult-male-stress-and-urge-urinary-incontinence-a-review-of-pathophysiology-and-treatment-strategies-for-voiding-dysfunction-in-men
#10
Eric Chung, Darren J Katz, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Male urinary incontinence adversely affects health-related quality of life and is associated with significant psychosexual and financial burden. The two most common forms of male incontinence are stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) with concomitant urge urinary incontinence (UUI). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to briefly review the current understandings of the pathophysiological mechanisms in SUI and OAB/UUI, and offer a set of practical, action-based recommendations and treatment strategies...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891039/a-systematic-review-of-transabdominal-levator-division-during-abdominoperineal-excision-of-the-rectum-aper
#11
D L H Baird, C Simillis, C Kontovounisios, Q Sheng, S Nikolaou, W L Law, S Rasheed, P P Tekkis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the surgical technique, short-term oncological and perioperative outcomes for the transabdominal division of the levator ani muscles during abdominoperineal excision of the rectum (APER). METHODS: A systematic review was performed to identify studies reporting on transabdominal division of the levator ani during APER. A comprehensive literature search was performed using a combination of free-text terms and controlled vocabulary when applicable on the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in the Cochrane Library...
September 11, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890064/evaluating-the-utilization-of-prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-trauma-patients
#12
Lloyd M Jones, Quyen D Chu, Navdeep Samra, Bo Hu, Wayne W Zhang, Tze-Woei Tan
BACKGROUND: The lack of evidence-based guidelines on the use of prophylactic inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) in patients after trauma has led to variation of its application. We seek to understand the national trend of the use of prophylactic IVCF in a trauma population. 

 METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Trauma Databank (2002-2014) was performed to identify patients who received an IVCF after trauma. Those without a pre-existing venous thromboembolism (VTE) or discharge diagnosis of VTE were classified as receiving prophylactic IVCF...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889983/analysing-the-change-of-sagittal-balance-in-patients-with-lenke-5-idiopathic-scoliosis
#13
Okan Ozkunt, Gökhan Karademir, Kerim Sariyilmaz, Halil Can Gemalmaz, Fatih Dikici, Unsal Domanic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate preoperative and postoperative spinopelvic parameters and the influence of lowest instrumented vertebrae on sagittal parameters in Lenke 5 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients. METHODS: A total of 42 patients (37 females, 5 males; mean age: 16.71 ± 3.46 years) were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative last follow up lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI) and sacral slope (SS) angles measured...
September 7, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889364/open-complete-anterior-dislocation-of-the-sacro-iliac-joint-in-a-4-year-old-boy-a-case-report-of-a-rare-injury-with-5-year-follow-up
#14
Walid A Elnahal, Mahmoud Fahmy, Mehool Acharya
Pelvic fractures are uncommon in children and account for between 0.3 and 7.5% of all pediatric injuries. Open pelvic fractures only account for up to 12.9% of all pediatric pelvic fractures. An unusual case of open complete anterior sacro-iliac joint dislocation in a 4-year-old boy is presented with a long-term follow-up. The multidisciplinary approach is reported with review of the current literature. A 4-year-old male presented to our institution in January 2012 after having been run over by a tractor. He presented with gross hemodynamical instability, MISS of 25, and an unstable lateral compression type III pelvic fracture with complete anterior dislocation of the left hemipelvis and a groin wound extending into the left thigh...
September 9, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888392/toxocara-eggs-in-an-18th-century-franciscan-from-portugal-the-challenge-of-differentiating-between-parasitism-and-chance-in-paleoparasitology
#15
Luciana Sianto, Sérgio Augusto de Miranda Chaves, Nathalie Antunes-Ferreira, Ana Raquel M Silva
In 2005, an adult male was excavated in the cloister of the former Convent of the Holy Spirit, in the Franciscan Province of Holy Mary of Arrábida, Lisbon district. From the anterior part of the sacrum, a darker organic agglomeration was collected and studied for intestinal parasites. Samples were rehydrated with Lycopodium tablets in a Na3PO4 5% solution for 72h, followed by the swirl technique. Organic material was concentrated at 2500rpm. At least 20 slides of each sample were examined using a light/polarized microscope...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888389/scheuermann-s-disease-in-a-juvenile-male-from-the-late-roman-necropolis-of-torrenueva-3rd-4th-century-ce-granada-spain
#16
Joan Viciano, Sandra López-Lázaro, Ángela Pérez-Fernández, Anabel Amores-Ampuero, Ruggero D'Anastasio, José Miguel Jiménez-Triguero
This study details a severe case of Scheuermann's disease (SD) in a well-preserved skeleton of a juvenile male (designated TOR302), dated to 3rd-4th century CE, from the late Roman necropolis of Torrenueva (Granada, Spain). Individual TOR302 shows an evident kyphotic curve in the thoraco-lumbar spine, which is characterised by: (i) vertebral bodies of thoracic vertebra T2, thoracic segment T4-T9, and thoraco-lumbar segment T12-L2 wedged at >5°; (ii) slight anterior extensions of the epiphyseal ring; (iii) Schmorl's nodes on the superior and/or inferior plates; and (iv) a Cobb angle of 75°, derived from thoracic segments T4-T9...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888228/transperineal-cryotherapy-for-unresectable-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-preliminary-experience-with-7-male-patients
#17
Qing Zhang, Shiwei Zhang, Shun Zhang, Wei Wang, Xiaozhi Zhao, Yongming Deng, Huibo Lian, Hongqian Guo
BACKGROUND: Radical cystectomy (RC) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) and urinary diversion (UD) is considered the standard treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). In a part of patients, RC procedure is aborted due to unresectable disease, other followed treatment like systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy or cryotherapy may be a better option. The aim of present study was to report the preliminary results of transperineal cryotherapy for unresectable muscle invasive bladder cancer...
September 9, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881394/the-effect-of-vaccination-against-human-papillomavirus-on-fecundability
#18
Kathryn A McInerney, Elizabeth E Hatch, Amelia K Wesselink, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Kenneth J Rothman, Rebecca B Perkins, Lauren A Wise
BACKGROUND: The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was developed to prevent infection with strains of HPV that cause cervical cancer. While HPV infection has been associated with reduced semen quality and lower pregnancy rates in some studies, no studies have examined the relationship between HPV vaccination and fecundability. We hypothesize that HPV prevention via vaccination will protect fecundity. METHODS: We analysed data from Pregnancy Study Online (PRESTO), a preconception cohort of North American pregnancy planners...
September 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881119/evaluation-of-global-sagittal-balance-in-koreans-adults
#19
Yongjae Cho
OBJECTVIE: The global sagittal postural patterns as characterized by Roussouly classification have been previously described in various ethnicities, there were no studies investigated in Koreans. To analyze the distribution of the global sagittal postural patterns in Korean adults using Roussouly classification, the author prospectively studied. METHODS: 252 asymptomatic Korean adults was recruited. Data was obtained by reviewing the films for each subject. Spinopelvic parameters were measured and sagittal postural patterns were then determined according to Roussouly classification...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
September 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
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