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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305098/is-clavicular-reconstruction-imperative-for-total-and-subtotal-claviculectomy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Yu Chen, Xiuchun Yu, Weimin Huang, Bing Wang
BACKGROUND: The effects of clavicular reconstruction on total and subtotal claviculectomy are controversial. The aim of this study is to disclose the impact of clavicular reconstruction on the efficacy of this rare surgical procedure. METHODS: This is a systematic review of multiple medical databases for level I through IV evidence. RESULTS: Eleven studies (level IV) with a mean follow-up duration of 53 months (range, 12-156 months) met the inclusion criteria...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246481/shoulder-patient-specific-guide-first-experience-in-10-patients-indicates-room-for-improvement
#2
J Berhouet, M Rol, C Spiry, M Slimane, C Chevalier, L Favard
BACKGROUND: Implantation of the glenoid component of a total shoulder prosthesis can be facilitated by using a patient-specific guide (PSG) designed to ensure replication of the preoperatively planned position. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability and accuracy of a PSG in replicating the planned glenoid component position during total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). HYPOTHESIS: Additional criteria should be used for 3D preoperative planning and PSG design to further improve the accuracy of glenoid component positioning...
December 12, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243945/coordination-in-gait-demonstration-of-a-spectral-approach
#3
Genevieve K R Williams, Domenico Vicinanza
Many important notions in Life Sciences are linked with the idea of cycles, periodicity, fluctuations and transitions. The aim of this paper is to use spectral analysis in a unique way to study and quantify whole body coordination during gait. A participant walked at 3 km/h and ran at 15 km/h on a treadmill for 2 minutes. Position of the approximate center of rotation of the toe, ankle, knee, hip, shoulder, elbow and wrist, heel, PSIS and head were collected (CODAmotion; 100 Hz). Fast Fourier Transform was performed on x-coordinate data of the 1) knee marker; 2) 4 markers attached to the free lower limb (toe, ankle, heel and knee); 3) left and right free lower limbs; 4) whole body (all markers)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234564/shoulder-external-rotator-eccentric-training-versus-general-shoulder-exercise-for-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Eric J Chaconas, Morey J Kolber, William J Hanney, Matthew L Daugherty, Stanley H Wilson, Charles Sheets
Background: Shoulder pain affects up to 67% of the population at some point in their lifetime with subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) representing a common etiology. Despite a plethora of studies there remains conflicting evidence for appropriate management of SAPS. Purpose: To compare outcomes, for individuals diagnosed with SAPS, performing a 6-week protocol of eccentric training of the shoulder external rotators (ETER) compared to a general exercise (GE) protocol...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223630/postoperative-loss-of-midline-function-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#5
Dustin A Greenhill, Arianna Trionfo, Frederick V Ramsey, Scott H Kozin, Dan A Zlotolow
PURPOSE: To identify the rate of and predictive variables for functionally limited shoulder internal rotation in postoperative patients with brachial plexus birth palsy. METHODS: Records of patients with brachial plexus birth palsy who had surgery on the affected upper extremity during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographics, physical examinations, and all upper extremity procedures were recorded. Loss of midline function (LOM) was defined as a Modified Mallet Scale or Active Movement Scale (AMS) internal rotation score <3...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221956/global-burden-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization
#6
REVIEW
Falk Schwendicke, Karim Elhennawy, Seif Reda, Katrin Bekes, David J Manton, Joachim Krois
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the global, super-regional, regional and national prevalence of molar-incisor-hypomineralization (MIH) and to determine the numbers of prevalent and incident cases on different spatial scales. The review was registered (PROSPERO CRD42017063842). SOURCES: Five electronic databases (Medline, EMBASE, LILACS, Web of Science, Google Scholar) were searched systematically. STUDY SELECTION: Observational studies on the prevalence of MIH were included and the prevalence on different spatial scales (global, super-regional, regional, national) synthesized using random-effects meta-analyses...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204914/muscle-fiber-conduction-velocity-and-emg-amplitude-of-the-upper-trapezius-muscle-in-healthy-subjects-after-low-level-laser-irradiation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#7
Fabiana Sarilho de Mendonça, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Simone Aparecida Penimpedo Calamita, Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, César Ferreira Amorim, Marco Antônio Fumagalli, Fabiano Politti
Although low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is an important resource for the treatment of non-specific neck pain patients, the dose which presents the greatest therapeutic potential for the treatment of this pathology is still unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the immediate effect of LLLT on the muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) and electromyographic activity (EMG) of the upper trapezius (UT) muscle in healthy individuals. A total of 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study...
December 5, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177986/metallurgy-of-soft-spheres-with-hard-core-from-bcc-to-frank-kasper-phases
#8
Brigitte Pansu, Jean-François Sadoc
Understanding how soft particles can fill the space is still an open question. Structures far from classical FCC or BCC phases are now commonly experimentally observed in many different systems. Models based on pair interaction between soft particles are at present much studied in 2D. Pair interactions with two different lengths have been shown to lead to quasicrystalline architectures. It is also the case for a hard core with a square repulsive shoulder potential. In 3D, global approaches have been proposed for instance by minimizing the interface area between the deformed objects in the case of foams or micellar systems or using a self-consistent mean-field theory in copolymer melts...
November 24, 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163981/a-comparison-of-isometric-isotonic-concentric-and-isotonic-eccentric-exercises-in-the-physiotherapy-management-of-subacromial-pain-syndrome-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Rita Kinsella, Sallie M Cowan, Lyn Watson, Tania Pizzari
Background: Subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) involving rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common cause of shoulder pain and disability. Evidence suggests that structured physiotherapy may be as effective as surgery in this condition with significant improvements demonstrated in trials involving scapular retraining, rotator cuff strengthening and flexibility exercises. Most published programs typically utilise isotonic concentric and/or eccentric strengthening modes. Recently, immediate analgesic effects and muscle strength gains following heavy-load isometric exercises in lower limb tendinopathy conditions have been observed...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163196/an-inertial-sensor-based-method-for-estimating-the-athlete-s-relative-joint-center-positions-and-center-of-mass-kinematics-in-alpine-ski-racing
#10
Benedikt Fasel, Jörg Spörri, Pascal Schütz, Silvio Lorenzetti, Kamiar Aminian
For the purpose of gaining a deeper understanding of the relationship between external training load and health in competitive alpine skiing, an accurate and precise estimation of the athlete's kinematics is an essential methodological prerequisite. This study proposes an inertial sensor-based method to estimate the athlete's relative joint center positions and center of mass (CoM) kinematics in alpine skiing. Eleven inertial sensors were fixed to the lower and upper limbs, trunk, and head. The relative positions of the ankle, knee, hip, shoulder, elbow, and wrist joint centers, as well as the athlete's CoM kinematics were validated against a marker-based optoelectronic motion capture system during indoor carpet skiing...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162305/quantifying-success-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-the-minimal-clinically-important-difference
#11
Ryan Simovitch, Pierre-Henri Flurin, Thomas Wright, Joseph D Zuckerman, Christopher P Roche
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for different shoulder outcome metrics and range of motion after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) can be useful to establish a minimum threshold of improvement that defines successful treatment. This study quantifies how MCID varies with different prosthesis types, patient age, gender, and length of follow-up after TSA. METHODS: A total of 466 anatomic TSA (aTSA) and reverse TSA (rTSA) with 2-year minimum follow-up were performed by 13 shoulder surgeons...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162296/early-outcomes-of-vein-grafting-for-reconstruction-of-brachial-arterial-injuries-in-children
#12
Kristin Alves, Hillard Spencer, Carol E Barnewolt, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
PURPOSE: We postulated that, with microsurgical technique, vascular reconstruction with interpositional vein grafts in the pediatric population is safe and results in sustained vascular patency and excellent midterm outcomes. METHODS: Twenty children with brachial artery injuries were treated with interpositional vein grafting at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 1995 to 2013. Medical records were evaluated for demographic, clinical, and radiographic data. Ten patients were available for longer-term follow-up...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158957/relationship-of-preseason-movement-screens-with-overuse-symptoms-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#13
Andrew M Busch, Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Vincent K Ramsey, Fred Cromartie
Background: The shoulder mobility screen of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and the upper extremity patterns of the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) assess global, multi-joint movement capabilities in the upper-extremities. Identifying which assessment can most accurately determine if baseball players are at an increased risk of experiencing overuse symptoms in the shoulder or elbow throughout a competitive season may reduce throwing-related injuries requiring medical attention...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158954/the-relationship-between-segmental-rolling-ability-and-lumbar-multifidus-activation-time
#14
Nicole Clark, Michael L Voight, Ashley M Campbell, Sherry Pierce, Pat Sells, Ryan Cook, Clint Henley, Lindsey Schiller
Background: Segmental rolling has been utilized as an assessment and intervention tool to identify and affect dysfunction of the upper quarter, core, and lower quarter. One theory to explain dysfunctional segmental rolling is a lack of segmental spinal control / stabilization. Faulty muscle firing sequencing has been related to poor spinal stability, however to date, no assessment tool exists to evaluate a patient's motor coordination of local and global musculature. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the temporal sequence of lumbar multifidus activation associated with anterior deltoid activation, and to determine if faulty sequencing was associated with the inability to segmentally roll in subjects without mobility restrictions...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135783/beyond-the-bottom-of-the-foot-topographic-organization-of-the-foot-dorsum-in-walking
#15
Taryn Klarner, Gregory E P Pearcey, Yao Sun, Trevor S Barss, Chelsea Kaupp, Bridget Munro, Nick Frank, E Paul Zehr
INTRODUCTION: Sensory feedback from the foot dorsum during walking has only been studied globally by whole nerve stimulation. Stimulating the main nerve innervating the dorsal surface produces a functional stumble corrective response that is phase-dependently modulated. We speculated that effects evoked by activation of discrete skin regions on the foot dorsum would be topographically organized, as with the foot sole. METHODS: Nonnoxious electrical stimulation was delivered to five discrete locations on the dorsal surface of the foot during treadmill walking...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104768/tracing-the-policy-implementation-of-commitments-made-by-national-governments-and-other-entities-at-the-third-global-forum-on-human-resources-for-health
#16
REVIEW
Remco van de Pas, Anika Veenstra, Daniel Gulati, Wim Van Damme, Giorgio Cometto
We conducted a follow-up analysis of the implementation of the Human Resources for Health (HRH) commitments made by country governments and other actors at the Third Global Forum on HRH in 2013. Since then member states of the WHO endorsed Universal Health Coverage as the main policy objective whereby health systems strengthening, including reinforcement of the health workforce, can contribute to several Sustainable Development Goals. Now is the right time to trace the implementation of these commitments and to assess their contribution to broader global health objectives...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103676/the-validity-and-clinical-utility-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire-for-hand-injuries-in-developing-country-contexts-a-systematic-review
#17
Susan de Klerk, Helen Buchanan, Christina Jerosch-Herold
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: The Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire has multiple language versions from many countries around the world. In addition there is extensive research evidence of its psychometric properties. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the evidence available on the validity and clinical utility of the Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder and Hand as a measure of activity and participation in patients with musculoskeletal hand injuries in developing country contexts...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048942/comparison-of-2-exercise-rehabilitation-programs-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sarah A Warby, Jon J Ford, Andrew J Hahne, Lyn Watson, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the shoulder is a rehabilitation program, yet there is very low-quality evidence to support this approach. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the Watson MDI program and Rockwood Instability program among patients with nontraumatic, nonstructural MDI. The hypothesis was that the Watson MDI program would produce clinically and statistically superior outcomes over the Rockwood Instability program...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028215/spectral-shape-analysis-of-human-torsos-application-to-the-evaluation-of-scoliosis-surgery-outcome
#19
Ola Ahmad, Herve Lombaert, Stefan Parent, Hubert Labelle, Farida Cheriet
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at evaluating the effect of spinal surgery on the torso shape appearance of adolescent patients. Current methods that assess the surgical outcome on the trunk shape are limited to its global asymmetry or rely on unreliable manual measurements. METHOD: We introduce a novel framework to evaluate pre- to post-operative local asymmetry changes using a spectral representation of the torso shape, more specifically, the Laplacian spectrum (eigenvalues and eigenvectors) of a graph...
October 10, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987866/kinematic-patterns-in-normal-and-degenerative-shoulders-part-ii-review-of-3-d-scapular-kinematic-patterns-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-clinical-implications
#20
REVIEW
Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Christelle Nguyen, Clemence Palazzo, Frederic Srour, Guillaume Paris, Valerie Vuillemin, Serge Poiraudeau, Agnes Roby-Brami, Alexandra Roren
BACKGROUND: The global range of motion of the arm is the result of a coordinated motion of the shoulder complex including glenohumeral (GH), scapulothoracic, sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints. METHODS: This study is a non-systematic review of kinematic patterns in degenerated shoulders. It is a based on our own research on the kinematics of the shoulder complex and clinical experience. RESULTS: For patients with subacromial impingement syndrome without rotator-cuff tears, most kinematic studies showed a small superior humeral translation relative to the glenoid and decreased scapular lateral rotation and posterior tilt...
October 5, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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