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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521748/contextualizing-willingness-to-participate-recommendations-for-engagement-recruitment-enrolment-of-kenyan-msm-in-future-hiv-prevention-trials
#1
Monika Doshi, Lisa Avery, Ronnie P Kaddu, Mary Gichuhi, Gloria Gakii, Elsabé du Plessis, Sumit Dutta, Shamshad Khan, Joshua Kimani, Robert R Lorway
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) continues to expand globally. The addition of an efficacious, prophylactic vaccine to combination prevention offers immense hope, particularly in low- and middle- income countries which bear the greatest global impact. However, in these settings, there is a paucity of vaccine preparedness studies that specifically pertain to MSM. Our study is the first vaccine preparedness study among MSM and female sex workers (FSWs) in Kenya...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511650/pain-pain-intensity-and-pain-disability-in-high-school-students-are-differently-associated-with-physical-activity-screening-hours-and-sleep
#2
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sa-Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the association between physical activity, screen time and sleep and pain usually focus on a limited number of painful body sites. Nevertheless, pain at different body sites is likely to be of different nature. Therefore, this study aims to explore and compare the association between time spent in self-reported physical activity, in screen based activities and sleeping and i) pain presence in the last 7-days for 9 different body sites; ii) pain intensity at 9 different body sites and iii) global disability...
May 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432457/outcome-and-revision-rate-of-uncemented-glenohumeral-resurfacing-c-a-p-after-5-8%C3%A2-years
#3
P C Geervliet, M P J van den Bekerom, P Spruyt, M Curvers, A van Noort, C P J Visser
BACKGROUND: Resurfacing of the glenohumeral joint for patients with glenohumeral arthritis has gained popularity since the first introduction. We report the mid-term results of the Global C.A.P. uncemented resurfacing shoulder prosthesis (DePuy Synthes). METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2009, 48 humeral cementless resurfacing prostheses in 46 patients were performed. All patients were diagnosed with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Patients were contacted for review; the Constant Score, visual analog pain scale, Dutch Simple Shoulder Test, SF-12 scores and physical examination were assessed both preoperatively and yearly postoperatively...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431302/quality-of-life-in-survivors-of-oropharyngeal-cancer-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-1366-patients
#4
REVIEW
Sanne Høxbroe Michaelsen, Christian Grønhøj, Jacob Høxbroe Michaelsen, Jeppe Friborg, Christian von Buchwald
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is rapidly increasing in incidence and has a favourable prognosis compared with HPV-negative disease. Current combined therapies include significant risks of morbidity for the growing group of survivors. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates how treatment affects quality of life (QoL) in survivors of oropharyngeal cancer. PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for all studies reporting patient-assessed QoL at least 1 year after treatment for OPC...
June 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405224/level-of-patient-physician-agreement-in-assessment-of-change-following-conservative-rehabilitation-for-shoulder-pain
#5
Stephanie D Moore-Reed, W Ben Kibler, Heather Bush, Tim L Uhl
BACKGROUND: Assessment of health-related status has been shown to vary between patients and physicians, although the degree of patient-physician discordance in the assessment of the change in status is unknown. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with shoulder dysfunction underwent a standardized physician examination and completed several self-reported questionnaires. All patients were prescribed the same physical therapy intervention. Six weeks later, the patients returned to the physician, when self-report questionnaires were re-assessed and the Global Rating of Change (GROC) was completed by the patient...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404557/exercise-prescription-for-overhead-athletes-with-shoulder-pathology-a-systematic-review-with-best-evidence-synthesis
#6
REVIEW
Alexis A Wright, Eric J Hegedus, Daniel T Tarara, Samantha C Ray, Steven L Dischiavi
OBJECTIVE: To produce a best evidence synthesis of exercise prescription used when treating shoulder pathology in the overhead athlete. DESIGN: A systematic review of exercises used in overhead athletes including case studies and clinical commentaries. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from database inception through July 8, 2016. METHODS: We examined data from randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort (level I-IV evidence) studies that addressed exercise intervention in the rehabilitation of the overhead athlete with shoulder pathology...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388821/outcome-reporting-in-randomized-trials-for-shoulder-disorders-literature-review-to-inform-the-development-of-a-core-outcome-set
#7
Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Joel J Gagnier, Rachelle Buchbinder
Objectives To explore the outcome domains and measurement instruments reported across randomized trials of any interventions for various shoulder disorders. Methods We searched for shoulder trials included in Cochrane reviews published up to Issue 10, 2015, or indexed in PubMed between 2006 and 2015. Trials were eligible for inclusion if they focused on any intervention for rotator cuff disease, adhesive capsulitis, shoulder instability, glenohumeral or acromioclavicular osteoarthritis, shoulder dislocation, proximal humeral or humeral head fractures, or unspecified shoulder pain...
April 7, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361184/impact-of-fiber-structure-on-the-material-stability-and-rupture-mechanisms-of-coronary-atherosclerotic-plaques
#8
Graeham R Douglas, Adam J Brown, Jonathan H Gillard, Martin R Bennett, Michael P F Sutcliffe, Zhongzhao Teng
The rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary circulation remains the main cause of heart attack. As a fiber-oriented structure, the fiber structure, in particular in the fibrous cap (FC), may affect both loading and material strength in the plaque. However, the role of fiber orientation and dispersion in plaque rupture is unclear. Local orientation and dispersion of fibers were calculated for the shoulder regions, mid FC, and regions with intimal thickening (IT) from histological images of 16 human coronary atherosclerotic lesions...
June 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352939/rigid-shoulder-taping-with-physiotherapy-in-patients-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Adri T Apeldoorn, Steven J Kamper, Joeri Kalter, Dirk L Knol, Maurits W van Tulder, Raymond W Ostelo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of individualized physiotherapy in combination with rigid taping compared with individualized physiotherapy alone in patients with subacromial pain syndrome. DESIGN: A prospective randomized trial with concealed allocation. PATIENTS: A total of 140 patients between 18 and 65 years of age from primary physiotherapy settings. METHODS: The intervention group received individualized physiotherapy and shoulder taping...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351553/performance-assessment-of-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-and-labral-repair-in-a-dry-shoulder-simulator
#10
Tim Dwyer, Rachel Schachar, Tim Leroux, Massimo Petrera, Jeffrey Cheung, Rachel Greben, Patrick Henry, Darrell Ogilvie-Harris, John Theodoropoulos, Jaskarndip Chahal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of dry models to assess performance of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) and labral repair (LR). METHODS: Residents, fellows, and sports medicine staff performed an arthroscopic RCR and LR on a dry model. Any prior RCR and LR experience was noted. Staff surgeons assessed participants by use of task-specific checklists, the Arthroscopic Surgical Skill Evaluation Tool (ASSET), and a final overall global rating. All procedures were video recorded and were scored by a fellow blinded to the year of training of each participant...
March 25, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347934/kinematic-analysis-of-the-shoulder-complex-after-anatomic-and-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Alexandra Roren, Christelle Nguyen, Clémence Palazzo, Fouad Fayad, Michel Revel, Thomas Gregory, Serge Poiraudeau, Agnès Roby-Brami, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau
BACKGROUND: The movement of the arm relative to the trunk results from coordinated 3D glenohumeral and scapulothoracic movements. Changes in scapula kinematics may occur after total shoulder arthroplasty and could affect clinical and functional outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3D movement of the scapula during arm elevation after anatomic and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. DESIGN/METHODS: This was a single-centre, non-randomized, controlled cross-sectional study...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319431/evaluation-of-the-risk-factors-for-a-rotator-cuff-retear-after-repair-surgery
#12
Yeong Seok Lee, Jeung Yeol Jeong, Chan-Deok Park, Seung Gyoon Kang, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: A retear is a significant clinical problem after rotator cuff repair. However, no study has evaluated the retear rate with regard to the extent of footprint coverage. PURPOSE: To evaluate the preoperative and intraoperative factors for a retear after rotator cuff repair, and to confirm the relationship with the extent of footprint coverage. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 693 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between January 2006 and December 2014...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270752/neuronal-correlates-of-functional-coupling-between-reach-and-grasp-related-components-of-muscle-activity
#13
Shashwati Geed, Martha L McCurdy, Peter L E van Kan
Coordinated reach-to-grasp movements require precise spatiotemporal synchrony between proximal forelimb muscles (shoulder, elbow) that transport the hand toward a target during reach, and distal muscles (wrist, digit) that simultaneously preshape and orient the hand for grasp. The precise mechanisms through which the redundant neuromuscular circuitry coordinates reach with grasp, however, remain unclear. Recently, Geed and Van Kan (2016) demonstrated, using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), that limited numbers of global, template-like transport/preshape- and grasp-related muscle components underlie the complexity and variability of intramuscular electromyograms (EMGs) of up to 21 distal and proximal muscles recorded while monkeys performed reach-to-grasp tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269656/automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-after-stroke-using-ubiquitous-sensing-technology
#14
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis
This study uses machine learning methods to distinguish between healthy and pathological gait. Examples of multi-dimensional pathological and normal gait sequences were collected from post-stroke and healthy individuals in a real clinical setting and with two Kinect sensors. The trajectories of rotational angle and global velocity of selected body joints (hips, spine, shoulders, neck, knees and ankles) over time formed the gait sequences. The combination of k nearest neighbor (kNN) and dynamic time warping (DTW) was used for classification...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257619/complaints-of-upper-extremity-numbness-and-tingling-relieved-with-dry-needling-of-the-teres-minor-and-infraspinatus-a-case-report
#15
Elizabeth Lane, Derek Clewley, Shane Koppenhaver
Study Design Case report. Background Abnormal sensation, such as numbness or tingling, is traditionally thought to originate from neural compression. There is limited evidence to support reports of abnormal sensation arising from a trigger point. Case Description The patient was a 60-year-old woman with a primary complaint of right shoulder pain and secondary complaints of neck pain and right upper extremity numbness. Cervical spine neurological examination was unremarkable, and manual examination did not reproduce the patient's arm numbness or tingling symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229229/management-of-unstable-distal-third-clavicle-fractures-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-the-arthroscopy-assisted-conoid-ligament-reconstruction-and-fracture-cerclage-with-sutures
#16
Luis Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment is indicated for the management of Neer type IIB fractures of the distal third of the clavicle. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes, in cases of unstable distal third clavicle fractures managed by means of an arthroscopy-assisted conoid ligament reconstruction and fracture cerclage with sutures. METHODS: Nine patients with unstable distal third clavicle fractures (Neer type IIB) managed arthroscopically by means of a conoid ligament reconstruction and fracture cerclage with sutures, between 2008 and 2012, were included...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227914/automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-after-stroke-using-ubiquitous-sensing-technology
#17
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Elham Dolatabadi
This study uses machine learning methods to distinguish between healthy and pathological gait. Examples of multi-dimensional pathological and normal gait sequences were collected from post-stroke and healthy individuals in a real clinical setting and with two Kinect sensors. The trajectories of rotational angle and global velocity of selected body joints (hips, spine, shoulders, neck, knees and ankles) over time formed the gait sequences. The combination of k nearest neighbor (kNN) and dynamic time warping (DTW) was used for classification...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158958/the-responsiveness-and-interpretability-of-the-shoulder-pain-and-disability-index
#18
Marloes Thoomes-de Graaf, Wendy Scholten-Peeters, Edwin Duijn, Yasmaine Karel, Henrica C W de Vet, Bart Koes, Arianne Verhagen
Study Design Clinical measurement study; prospective cohort design. Background Shoulder pain is a common disorder and treatment is most often focused on a reduction of pain and functional disabilities. Several reviews have encouraged the use of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) to objectify functional disabilities. It is important to assess the responsiveness and interpretability of the SPADI when it is used by patients seeking help by a physical therapist for their shoulder pain in primary care setting...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139384/comorbidity-effects-on-shoulder-arthroplasty-costs-analysis-of-a-nationwide-private-payer-insurance-data-set
#19
Samuel Rosas, Karim G Sabeh, Leonard T Buller, Tsun Yee Law, Steven P Kalandiak, Jonathan C Levy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of common medical comorbidities on the reimbursements of different shoulder arthroplasty procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective query of a single private payer insurance claims database using PearlDiver (Warsaw, IN, USA) from 2010 to 2014. Our search included the Current Procedural Terminology codes and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), hemiarthroplasty, and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115871/pain-extent-and-function-in-youth-with-physical-disabilities
#20
Jordi Miró, Rocío de la Vega, Catarina Tomé-Pires, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Elena Castarlenas, Mark P Jensen, Joyce M Engel
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase our understanding of the role that spatial qualities of pain (location and extent) play in functioning, among youths with disabilities and chronic pain. METHODS: One-hundred and fifteen youths (mean age 14.4 years; SD ±3.3 years) with physical disabilities and chronic pain were interviewed and were asked to provide information about pain locations and their average pain intensity in the past week, and to complete measures of pain interference, psychological function and disability...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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