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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933353/technical-solutions-for-simultaneous-meg-and-seeg-recordings-towards-routine-clinical-use
#1
J M Badier, A S Dubarry, M Gavaret, S Chen, A S Trébuchon, P Marquis, J Régis, F Bartolomei, C G Bénar, R Carron
OBJECTIVE: The simultaneous recording of intracerebral EEG (stereotaxic EEG, SEEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a promising strategy that provides both local and global views on brain pathological activity. Yet, acquiring simultaneous signals poses difficult technical issues that hamper their use in clinical routine. Our objective was thus to develop a set of solutions for recording a high number of SEEG channels while preserving signal quality. APPROACH: We recorded data in a patient with drug resistant epilepsy during presurgical evaluation...
September 21, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910667/properties-of-afterdischarges-from-electrical-stimulation-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#2
Chang Liu, Tao Yu, Zhi-Wei Ren, Cui-Ping Xu, Xue-Yuan Wang, Liang Qiao, Duan-Yu Ni, Guo-Jun Zhang, Yong-Jie Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the properties of afterdischarges (ADs) from intracerebral electrical stimulation (ES) in patients with epilepsy who underwent stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) and determine the relationship between epileptogenic zone (EZ) or irritative zone (IZ) and ADs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 10 patients with intractable epilepsy who underwent SEEG. ESs were delivered following the given parameters: bipolar, biphasic, 50Hz, 0.2ms pulse duration, 0...
September 7, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898173/utility-of-stereoelectroencephalography-in-children-with-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumor-and-cortical-malformation
#3
Jun T Park, Guadalupe Fernandez Baca Vaca, Jennifer Avery, Jonathan P Miller
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled seizures in children can contribute to irreversible cognitive impairment and developmental delay, in addition to placing them at risk for sudden unexplained death in epileptic patients (SUDEP). Since its introduction at Saint Ann Hospital in Paris in the 1960s, stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is increasingly being utilized at epilepsy centers in the United States as an invasive tool to help localize the seizure focus in drug-resistant focal epilepsy. INDICATIONS: Children with symptomatic epilepsy, commonly due to cortical dysplasia and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET), may benefit from SEEG investigation...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882607/efficacy-and-safety-in-frameless-robot-assisted-stereo-electroencephalography-seeg-for-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#4
I Ollivier, C Behr, H Cebula, A Timofeev, M Benmekhbi, M P Valenti, A M Staack, J Scholly, P Kehrli, E Hirsch, F Proust
INTRODUCTION: Stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) is an invasive procedure, used to identify the epileptogenic zone that can be surgically removed in order to treat drug-resistant epilepsy. Frameless robot-assisted positioning of depth electrodes permits a 3D approach with different obliquities and trajectories. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the morbidity and the accuracy related to this frameless procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six patients were managed wherein 901 electrodes were implanted during a 6-year-period...
September 4, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880999/stereo-eeg-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-tool-for-periventricular-nodular-heterotopia-epilepsies
#5
Laura Mirandola, Roberto F Mai, Stefano Francione, Veronica Pelliccia, Francesca Gozzo, Ivana Sartori, Lino Nobili, Francesco Cardinale, Massimo Cossu, Stefano Meletti, Laura Tassi
OBJECTIVE: Periventricular nodular heterotopias (PNHs) are malformations of cortical development related to neuronal migration disorders, frequently associated with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) is considered a very effective step of the presurgical evaluation, providing the recognition of the epileptogenic zone (EZ). At the same time, via the intracerebral electrodes it is possible to perform radiofrequency thermocoagulation (SEEG-guided RF-TC) with the aim of ablating and/or disrupting the EZ...
September 7, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856095/localizing-value-of-electrical-source-imaging-frontal-lobe-malformations-of-cortical-development-and-negative-mri-related-epilepsies-are-the-best-candidates
#6
Chifaou Abdallah, Louis G Maillard, Estelle Rikir, Jacques Jonas, Anne Thiriaux, Martine Gavaret, Fabrice Bartolomei, Sophie Colnat-Coulbois, Jean-Pierre Vignal, Laurent Koessler
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively assess the anatomical concordance of electric source localizations of interictal discharges with the epileptogenic zone (EZ) estimated by stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) according to different subgroups: the type of epilepsy, the presence of a structural MRI lesion, the aetiology and the depth of the EZ. METHODS: In a prospective multicentric observational study, we enrolled 85 consecutive patients undergoing pre-surgical SEEG investigation for focal drug-resistant epilepsy...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830844/hyperkinetic-motor-seizures-a-common-semiology-generated-by-two-different-cortical-seizure-origins
#7
Lisa Vaugier, Aileen McGonigal, Stanislas Lagarde, Agnes Trébuchon, William Szurhaj, Philippe Derambure, Fabrice Bartolomei
We report a 37-year-old, right-handed patient with drug-resistant focal epilepsy whose seizures were characterized by explosive hyperkinetic behaviour. Video-SEEG revealed bifocal organization of epilepsy with two distinct cortical origins of seizures: the right temporal pole and left temporal lateral and perisylvian cortex. Irrespective of the cortical pattern of seizure onset, the hyperkinetic semiology was extremely similar. This supports a major role for "final common pathway" subcortical circuits in the genesis of the hyperkinetic semiology in this patient...
August 22, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794979/identification-of-the-epileptogenic-zone-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-from-stereo-electroencephalography-signals-a-phase-transfer-entropy-and-graph-theory-approach
#8
Meng-Yang Wang, Jing Wang, Jian Zhou, Yu-Guang Guan, Feng Zhai, Chang-Qing Liu, Fei-Fei Xu, Yi-Xian Han, Zhao-Fen Yan, Guo-Ming Luan
The aim of this research is to apply an approach based on phase transfer entropy (PTE) and graph theory to study the interactions between the stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) activities recorded in multilobar origin, in order to evaluate their ability to detect the epileptogenic zone (EZ) of temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE). Forty-three patients were included in this retrospective study. Five to sixteen (median = 12) multilead electrodes were implanted per patient, and, for each patient, a sub-set of between 10 and 32 (median = 22) bipolar derivations was selected for analysis...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768920/neuronavigation-guided-frameless-stereoelectroencephalography-seeg
#9
Ayataka Fujimoto, Tohru Okanishi, Sotaro Kanai, Keishiro Sato, Mitsuyo Nishimura, Hideo Enoki
Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is an invasive surgical procedure used to identify epileptogenic zones. The combination of both subdural grids and depth electrodes (DEs) is currently used for invasive intracranial monitoring in many epilepsy centers. To perform DE implantation, some centers use frame-based stereotactic techniques and others use stereotactic robotic techniques. However, not all epilepsy centers have access to these tools. We hypothesized that DE implantation using a neuronavigation system can be utilized for subsequent epilepsy surgery...
August 1, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710548/retrospective-evaluation-and-seeg-trajectory-analysis-for-interactive-multi-trajectory-planner-assistant
#10
Davide Scorza, Elena De Momi, Lisa Plaino, Gaetano Amoroso, Gabriele Arnulfo, Massimo Narizzano, Luis Kabongo, Francesco Cardinale
PURPOSE: Focal epilepsy is a neurological disease that can be surgically treated by removing area of the brain generating the seizures. The stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) procedure allows patient brain activity to be recorded in order to localize the onset of seizures through the placement of intracranial electrodes. The planning phase can be cumbersome and very time consuming, and no quantitative information is provided to neurosurgeons regarding the safety and efficacy of their trajectories...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709879/the-neural-bases-of-ictal-tachycardia-in-temporal-lobe-seizures
#11
Florian Chouchou, Romain Bouet, Vincent Pichot, Hélène Catenoix, François Mauguière, Julien Jung
OBJECTIVE: Due to limited information from scalp electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings, brain areas driving changes in cardiac rhythm during Temporal lobe (TL) seizures are not clearly identified. Using stereotactic EEG (SEEG) recordings, we aimed at identifying which of the brain regions involved in autonomic control trigger ictal tachycardia. METHODS: The neural activity of several mesial temporal lobe structures including amygdala, hippocampus, insula, and lateral temporal lobe recorded with SEEG were collected during 37 TL seizures in 9 patients, using indices based on High Frequency Activity (HFA)...
September 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705474/rf-ablation-in-periventricular-heterotopia-related-epilepsy
#12
Massimo Cossu, Laura Mirandola, Laura Tassi
Drug-resistant focal epilepsy is a common occurrence in patients with gray matter nodular heterotopia (NH), and surgical treatment is often considered in these cases. NH-related epileptogenicity is sustained by complex networks, which may involve the nodules and extralesional cortex in various combinations. Therefore, invasive EEG is usually required to identify the structures involved in seizure generation. It has been reported that surgery may be effective in cases with unilateral lesions, whereas bilateral cases are not optimal candidates for surgical success...
July 3, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676892/methodology-outcome-safety-and-in-vivo-accuracy-in-traditional-frame-based-stereoelectroencephalography
#13
Lars E van der Loo, Olaf E M G Schijns, Govert Hoogland, Albert J Colon, G Louis Wagner, Jim T A Dings, Pieter L Kubben
BACKGROUND: Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is an established diagnostic technique for the localization of the epileptogenic zone in drug-resistant epilepsy. In vivo accuracy of SEEG electrode positioning is of paramount importance since higher accuracy may lead to more precise resective surgery, better seizure outcome and reduction of complications. OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences with the SEEG technique in our comprehensive epilepsy center, to illustrate surgical methodology, to evaluate in vivo application accuracy and to consider the diagnostic yield of SEEG implantations...
July 5, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673029/predictive-factors-of-surgical-outcome-in-frontal-lobe-epilepsy-explored-with-stereoelectroencephalography
#14
Francesca Bonini, Aileen McGonigal, Didier Scavarda, Romain Carron, Jean Régis, Henry Dufour, Jean-Claude Péragut, Virginie Laguitton, Nathalie Villeneuve, Patrick Chauvel, Bernard Giusiano, Agnès Trébuchon, Fabrice Bartolomei
BACKGROUND: Resective surgery established treatment for pharmacoresistant frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), but seizure outcome and prognostic indicators are poorly characterized and vary between studies. OBJECTIVE: To study long-term seizure outcome and identify prognostic factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 42 FLE patients having undergone surgical resection, mostly preceded by invasive recordings with stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG)...
June 29, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664416/a-surgical-robot-with-augmented-reality-visualization-for-stereoelectroencephalography-electrode-implantation
#15
Bowei Zeng, Fanle Meng, Hui Ding, Guangzhi Wang
PURPOSE: Using existing stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) electrode implantation surgical robot systems, it is difficult to intuitively validate registration accuracy and display the electrode entry points (EPs) and the anatomical structure around the electrode trajectories in the patient space to the surgeon. This paper proposes a prototype system that can realize video see-through augmented reality (VAR) and spatial augmented reality (SAR) for SEEG implantation. The system helps the surgeon quickly and intuitively confirm the registration accuracy, locate EPs and visualize the internal anatomical structure in the image space and patient space...
August 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644200/electrical-stimulations-of-the-human-insula-their-contribution-to-the-ictal-semiology-of-insular-seizures
#16
Laure Mazzola, François Mauguière, Jean Isnard
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic stimulations of the insular cortex through intracranial electrodes aim at characterizing the semiology of insular seizures. These stimulations, carried out in the context of Stereo-Electro-Encephalography (SEEG) during presurgical monitoring of epilepsy, reproduce the ictal symptoms observed during the development of insular seizures. METHODS: The authors reviewed the results of insular stimulations performed in 222 patients admitted between 1997 and 2015 for presurgical SEEG exploration of atypical temporal or perisylvian epilepsy...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643843/perisylvian-including-insular-childhood-epilepsy-presurgical-workup-and-surgical-outcome
#17
Elena Freri, Sara Matricardi, Francesca Gozzo, Massimo Cossu, Tiziana Granata, Laura Tassi
OBJECTIVE: To report the presurgical workup, surgical procedures, and outcomes in a series of pediatric patients with drug-resistant epilepsy involving the perisylvian/insular regions. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 16 pediatric patients affected by drug-resistant focal epilepsy involving perisylvian/insular regions, who consecutively underwent tailored resective surgery. All patients underwent a detailed presurgical workup, which included the analysis of the anatomoelectroclinical correlations with scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and/or with stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG), brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and comprehensive cognitive and neuropsychological evaluations...
August 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637943/stereoelectroencephalography-indication-and-efficacy
#18
Koji Iida, Hiroshi Otsubo
Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is a method for invasive study of patients with refractory epilepsy. Localization of the epileptogenic zone in SEEG relied on the hypothesis of anatomo-electro-clinical analysis limited by X-ray, analog electroencephalography (EEG), and seizure semiology in the 1950s. Modern neuroimaging studies and digital video-EEG have developed the hypothesis aiming at more precise localization of the epileptic network. Certain clinical scenarios favor SEEG over subdural EEG (SDEEG). SEEG can cover extensive areas of bilateral hemispheres with highly accurate sampling from sulcal areas and deep brain structures...
August 15, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621621/indications-technique-and-safety-profile-of-insular-stereoelectroencephalography-electrode-implantation-in-medically-intractable-epilepsy
#19
Soha Alomar, Jeffrey P Mullin, Saksith Smithason, Jorge Gonzalez-Martinez
OBJECTIVE Insular epilepsy is relatively rare; however, exploring the insular cortex when preoperative workup raises the suspicion of insular epilepsy is of paramount importance for accurate localization of the epileptogenic zone and achievement of seizure freedom. The authors review their clinical experience with stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) electrode implantation in patients with medically intractable epilepsy and suspected insular involvement. METHODS A total of 198 consecutive cases in which patients underwent SEEG implantation with a total of 1556 electrodes between June 2009 and April 2013 were reviewed...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591482/hypothalamic-hamartoma-epileptogenesis-beyond-the-lesion
#20
REVIEW
Julia Scholly, Anke Maren Staack, Philippe Kahane, Didier Scavarda, Jean Régis, Edouard Hirsch, Fabrice Bartolomei
The discovery of intrinsic epileptogenicity of the hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) marked a new area in understanding the associated clinical syndrome, often manifesting as progressive epileptic encephalopathy. However, therapeutic procedures targeting the HH proved to be inefficient to cure seizures in up to 50% of cases, whereas in cases with partial improvement, the electroclinical patterns of persisting seizures suggest an involvement of distant cortical regions. The concept of kindling-like secondary epileptogenesis has been suggested as a possible underlying mechanism...
June 2017: Epilepsia
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