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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#1
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936215/omics-approaches-for-understanding-grapevine-berry-development-regulatory-networks-associated-with-endogenous-processes-and-environmental-responses
#2
REVIEW
Alejandra Serrano, Carmen Espinoza, Grace Armijo, Claudio Inostroza-Blancheteau, Evelyn Poblete, Carlos Meyer-Regueiro, Anibal Arce, Francisca Parada, Claudia Santibáñez, Patricio Arce-Johnson
Grapevine fruit development is a dynamic process that can be divided into three stages: formation (I), lag (II), and ripening (III), in which physiological and biochemical changes occur, leading to cell differentiation and accumulation of different solutes. These stages can be positively or negatively affected by multiple environmental factors. During the last decade, efforts have been made to understand berry development from a global perspective. Special attention has been paid to transcriptional and metabolic networks associated with the control of grape berry development, and how external factors affect the ripening process...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935253/effects-of-nerolidol-and-limonene-on-stratum-corneum-membranes-a-probe-epr-and-fluorescence-spectroscopy-study
#3
Sebastião Antonio Mendanha, Cássia Alessandra Marquezin, Amando Siuiti Ito, Antonio Alonso
The sesquiterpene nerolidol and the monoterpene limonene are potent skin-permeation enhancers that have also been shown to have antitumor, antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasitic activities. Because terpenes are membrane-active compounds, we used electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy of three membrane spin labels combined with the fluorescence spectroscopy of three lipid probes to study the interactions of these terpenes with stratum corneum (SC) intercellular membranes. An experimental apparatus was developed to assess the lipid fluidity of hydrated SC membranes via the fluorescence anisotropy of extrinsic membrane probes...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934173/using-upper-extremity-skin-temperatures-to-assess-thermal-comfort-in-office-buildings-in-changsha-china
#4
Zhibin Wu, Nianping Li, Haijiao Cui, Jinqing Peng, Haowen Chen, Penglong Liu
Existing thermal comfort field studies are mainly focused on the relationship between the indoor physical environment and the thermal comfort. In numerous chamber experiments, physiological parameters were adopted to assess thermal comfort, but the experiments' conclusions may not represent a realistic thermal environment due to the highly controlled thermal environment and few occupants. This paper focuses on determining the relationships between upper extremity skin temperatures (i.e., finger, wrist, hand and forearm) and the indoor thermal comfort...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931855/optimizing-the-methodology-for-measuring-supraclavicular-skin-temperature-using-infrared-thermography-implications-for-measuring-brown-adipose-tissue-activity-in-humans
#5
Tahniyah Haq, Justin D Crane, Sarah Kanji, Elizabeth Gunn, Mark A Tarnopolsky, Hertzel C Gerstein, Gregory R Steinberg, Katherine M Morrison
The discovery of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in adults has sparked interest in its role as a therapeutic target in metabolic disorders. Infrared thermography is a promising way to quantify BAT; however, a standardized methodology has not been established. This study aims to establish a standardized and reproducible protocol to measure thermal response to cold in the supraclavicular area using thermographic imaging. In Phase 1, we compared the thermal response to 12 °C cold after acclimation at either 32 °C or room temperature using thermographic imaging...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929966/-a-case-with-scalp-pruritus-caused-by-dermanysus-gallinae-order-mesostigmata
#6
Mustafa Şengül, Nida Kaçar, Mehmet Karaca, Sedef Zeliha Öner, Çağrı Ergin
Dermanyssus gallinae is one of the important hematophagous ectoparasite species of poultry like chicken, pigeon and wild bird species. These ectoparasites in the form of nymphs or adults who can not find their hosts are also seen in mammals and even in humans. For this reason, they are considered as important for public health. The ectoparasite causes a clinical condition named gamasoidosis among pet owners and people who live or work close to animal shelters, barns and chicken farms. Pruritus dermatitis is also caused by D...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929244/analyzing-polymeric-matrix-for-fabrication-of-a-biodegradable-microneedle-array-to-enhance-transdermal-delivery
#7
Kuo-Yuan Hwa, Vincent H S Chang, Yao-Yi Cheng, Yue-Da Wang, Pey-Shynan Jan, Boopathi Subramani, Min-Ju Wu, Bo-Kai Wang
Traditional drug delivery systems, using invasive, transdermal, and oral routes, are limited by various factors, such as the digestive system environment, skin protection, and sensory nerve stimulation. To improve the drug delivery system, we fabricated a polysaccharide-based, dissolvable microneedle-based array, which combines the advantages of both invasive and transdermal delivery systems, and promises to be an innovative solution for minimally invasive drug delivery. In this study, we designed a reusable aluminum mold that greatly improved the efficiency and convenience of microneedle fabrication...
September 19, 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929054/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-geriatric-patient-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-report-of-clinical-challenges
#8
Raghavendra Adaki, Sarvesh Raikar, Kamal Shigli, Sivaranjani Gali
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to highlight the rehabilitation of a geriatric patient with an orofacial cheek defect by an extraoral silicone prosthesis. METHODOLOGY: Structured extra- and intra-oral examination of tissues coupled with a justified choice of impression materials, techniques, and prosthetic rehabilitation with a high-temperature vulcanizing silicone was done. RESULTS: The presence of compressible tissues, static appearance of the prosthesis during patient's facial movements, variability in complexion of the skin around the defect, and manipulating heat-vulcanized silicone were the challenges faced during clinical procedures...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928526/the-growing-season-impacts-the-accumulation-and-composition-of-flavonoids-in-grape-skins-in-two-crop-a-year-viticulture
#9
Lei Zhu, Yu Huang, Yali Zhang, Changmou Xu, Jiang Lu, Ying Wang
The influence of growing season (winter vs. summer) on the flavonoid accumulation and composition was studied in the skins of three grape cultivars for two consecutive years under a two-crop-a-year viticulture practice in Southwest China. The total anthocyanin, flavonol and flavan-3-ol contents in winter berry skins were significantly higher than those in summer berry skins for 'Kyoho' and 'Muscat Hamburg'. Reversely, the content of anthocyanin in 'NW196' winter berry was lower than summer berry. However, the percentage of diglycosylated, trihydroxylated, methylated, and acylated anthocyanins, trihydroxylated and methylated flavonols, and flavan-3-ol polymers were higher in the summer berry skins than the winter berry skins among all the three grape cultivars...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919835/high-resolution-infrared-thermography-a-new-tool-to-assess-tungiasis-associated-inflammation-of-the-skin
#10
Angela Schuster, Marlene Thielecke, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Charles Emile Ramarokoto, Christophe Rogier, Ingela Krantz, Hermann Feldmeier
BACKGROUND: Tungiasis is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries but remains often under diagnosed and untreated eventually leading to chronic sequels. The objective of the study was to assess whether tungiasis-associated inflammation can be detected and quantified by high-resolution infrared thermography (HRIT) and whether after removal of the parasite inflammation resolves rapidly. METHODS: Patients with tungiasis were identified through active case finding...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917990/glycerosomes-investigation-of-role-of-1-2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidycholine-dmpc-on-the-assembling-and-skin-delivery-performances
#11
Maria Letizia Manca, Maria Manconi, Marco Zaru, Donatella Valenti, Jose Esteban Peris, Pietro Matricardi, Anna Maria Maccioni, Anna Maria Fadda
Glycerosomes were formulated using 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidycholine (DMPC), diclofenac sodium salt and 10, 20 or 30% glycerol in the water phase, while corresponding liposomes were prepared with the same amount of DMPC and diclofenac, without glycerol. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of the used phospholipid on vesicle features and ability to favour diclofenac skin deposition by comparing these results with those found in previous works performed using hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (P90H) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC)...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913428/rubbery-electronics-and-sensors-from-intrinsically-stretchable-elastomeric-composites-of-semiconductors-and-conductors
#12
Hae-Jin Kim, Kyoseung Sim, Anish Thukral, Cunjiang Yu
A general strategy to impart mechanical stretchability to stretchable electronics involves engineering materials into special architectures to accommodate or eliminate the mechanical strain in nonstretchable electronic materials while stretched. We introduce an all solution-processed type of electronics and sensors that are rubbery and intrinsically stretchable as an outcome from all the elastomeric materials in percolated composite formats with P3HT-NFs [poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) nanofibrils] and AuNP-AgNW (Au nanoparticles with conformally coated silver nanowires) in PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane)...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912362/sympathetic-function-during-whole-body-cooling-is-altered-in-hypertensive-adults
#13
Jody L Greaney, W Larry Kenney, Lacy M Alexander
During moderate cold exposure, cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality increase disproportionately in hypertensive adults (HTN); however, the mechanisms underlying this association are not well defined. We hypothesized that whole-body cold stress would evoke exaggerated increases in blood pressure (BP) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in HTN compared to normotensive adults (NTN) and that sympathetic baroreflex function would be altered during cooling in HTN. MSNA (peroneal microneurography) and beat-to-beat BP (Finometer) were measured continuously in 10 NTN (6M/4W; age 53±3 yrs; resting BP 125±3/79±1 mmHg) and 13 HTN (7M/6W; age 58±2 yrs; resting BP 146±5/88±2 mmHg) during whole-body cooling-induced reductions in mean skin temperature (Tsk; water-perfused suit) from 34...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912020/intestinal-dysbiosis-featuring-abundance-of-ruminococcus-gnavus-associates-with-allergic-diseases-in-infants
#14
Huey-Huey Chua, Hung-Chieh Chou, Ya-Ling Tung, Bor-Luen Chiang, Chien-Chia Liao, Hong-Hsing Liu, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota has been associated with development of allergies in infants. However, it is not clear what microbes might contribute to this process. We investigated what microbe(s) might be involved in analyses of infant twins and mice. METHODS: We studied fecal specimens prospectively in a twin cohort (n=30) and age-matched singletons (n=14) born at National Taiwan University Children's Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, from April 2011 to March 2013...
September 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911806/comparison-of-characteristics-and-fibril-forming-ability-of-skin-collagen-from-barramundi-lates-calcarifer-and-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#15
Wei Liao, Xia Guanghua, Yongcheng Li, Xuan Ri Shen, Chuan Li
The present study isolated and characterized the barramundi (Lates calcarifer) skin collagen (BC) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) skin collagen (TC). The yields of BC and TC by enzymatic extraction were 47.3±3.7% and 52.6±6.1% respectively, dry weight. The SDS-PAGE profile indicated both collagens were mainly type I with two different α chains. FTIR spectra and X-ray diffraction confirmed that the triple helical structure of both collagens was not affected by pepsin digestion. The denaturation (Td) and melting temperature (Tm) were 36...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910548/time-of-day-effects-of-exposure-to-solar-radiation-on-thermoregulation-during-outdoor-exercise-in-the-heat
#16
Hidenori Otani, Takayuki Goto, Heita Goto, Minayuki Shirato
High solar radiation has been recognised as a contributing factor to exertional heat-related illness in individuals exercising outdoors in the heat. Although solar radiation intensity has been known to have similar time-of-day variation as body temperature, the relationship between fluctuations in solar radiation associated with diurnal change in the angle of sunlight and thermoregulatory responses in individuals exercising outdoors in a hot environment remains largely unknown. The present study therefore investigated the time-of-day effects of variations in solar radiation associated with changing solar elevation angle on thermoregulatory responses during moderate-intensity outdoor exercise in the heat of summer...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905679/the-effect-of-liner-design-and-materials-selection-on-prosthesis-interface-heat-dissipation
#17
Rhys James Williams, Elaine Denise Washington, Mark Miodownik, Catherine Holloway
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Thermal discomfort often affects prosthesis wearers and could be addressed by increasing liner thermal conductivity. This note explores a liner made from thermally conductive silicone and two additional alternative liner designs. TECHNIQUE: Thermally conductive silicone was used to create a conductive liner and a hybrid liner. Additionally, one with open elements was made. These were compared with a plain silicone liner and a no liner scenario...
September 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903829/quantification-of-induced-hypothermia-from-aseptic-scrub-applications-during-rodent-surgery-preparation
#18
Anna M Skorupski, Jingyi Zhang, Danielle Ferguson, Frank Lawrence, F Claire Hankenson
Laboratory mice (Mus musculus) are prone to develop hypothermia during anesthesia for surgery, thus potentially impeding anesthetic recovery, wound healing, and future health. The core body temperatures of isoflurane-anesthetized mice are influenced by the choice of supplemental heat sources; however, the contribution of various surgical scrubs on the body temperatures of mice under gas anesthesia has not been assessed. We sought to quantify the effect of using alcohol (70% isopropyl alcohol [IPA]) compared with saline to rinse away surgical scrub on the progression of hypothermia in anesthetized mice (n = 47)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901713/neural-correlates-of-interoception-effects-of-interoceptive-focus-and-relationship-to-dimensional-measures-of-body-awareness
#19
Emily R Stern, Stephanie J Grimaldi, Alexandra Muratore, James Murrough, Evan Leibu, Lazar Fleysher, Wayne K Goodman, Katherine E Burdick
Interoception has been defined as the sensing of the physiological condition of the body, with interoceptive sensibility (IS) characterizing an individual's self-reported awareness of internal sensation. IS is a multidimensional construct including not only the tendency to be aware of sensation but also how sensations are interpreted, regulated, and used to inform behavior, with different dimensions relating to different aspects of health and disease. Here we investigated neural mechanisms of interoception when healthy individuals attended to their heartbeat and skin temperature, and examined the relationship between neural activity during interoception and individual differences in self-reported IS using the Multidimensional Scale of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA)...
September 12, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901051/noninvasive-submental-fat-reduction-using-colder-cryolipolysis
#20
Hector Leal Silva, Esther Carmona Hernandez, Mariana Grijalva Vazquez, Sebastian Leal Delgado, Angel Perez Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cryolipolysis has shown to significantly reduce localized subcutaneous fat, including submental fat. Temperatures below -11°C have not been used to treat the submental region. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of Cryolipolysis for noninvasive reduction of submental fat using lower temperatures and reduced treatment time. METHODS: A small volume applicator was used to treat 15 subjects, using a noninvasive tissue cooling device (CoolSculpting System, ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Pleasanton, CA, USA) during 45 and 30 minutes at -12 and -15°C, respectively, to induce reduction of submental fat...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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