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Psychosocial oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423236/improvement-in-treatment-abandonment-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-in-guatemala
#1
Elysia Alvarez, Midori Seppa, Silvia Rivas, Lucia Fuentes, Patricia Valverde, Federico Antillón-Klussmann, Mauricio Castellanos, E Alejandro Sweet-Cordero, Kevin Messacar, John Kurap, Marisol Bustamante, Scott C Howard, Bradley Efron, Sandra Luna-Fineman
BACKGROUND: Treatment refusal and abandonment are major causes of treatment failure for children with cancer in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), like Guatemala. This study identified risk factors for and described the intervention that decreased abandonment. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Guatemalan children (0-18 years) with cancer treated at the Unidad Nacional de Oncología Pediátrica (UNOP), 2001-2008, using the Pediatric Oncology Network Database...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398012/new-challenges-in-psycho-oncology-research-ii-a-health-care-delivery-dissemination-and-implementation-research-model-to-promote-psychosocial-care-in-routine-cancer-care
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348507/variations-of-surveillance-practice-for-patients-with-bone-sarcoma-a-survey-of-australian-sarcoma-clinicians
#3
Jeremy Lewin, Kate Thompson, Susie Bae, Jayesh Desai, Robyn Strong, Denise Caruso, Deborah Howell, Alan Herschtal, Michael Sullivan, Lisa Orme
Introduction. After treatment, bone sarcoma patients carry a high chance of relapse and late effects from multimodal therapy. We hypothesize that significant variation in surveillance practice exists between pediatric medical oncology (PO) and nonpediatric medical oncology (NP) sarcoma disciplines. Methods. Australian sarcoma clinicians were approached to do a web based survey that assessed radiologic surveillance (RS) strategies, late toxicity assessment, and posttreatment psychosocial interventions. Results...
2017: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339637/provider-perspectives-on-the-implementation-of-psychosocial-risk-screening-in-pediatric-cancer
#4
Anne E Kazak, Lamia P Barakat, Martha A Askins, Maureen McCafferty, Alyssa Lattomus, Nicole Ruppe, Janet Deatrick
Objective:  Psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. This qualitative descriptive study identified how multidisciplinary pediatric oncology health-care providers perceive psychosocial risk screening to identify factors in uptake and implementation. Methods:  A script guided digitally recorded (transcribed) interviews regarding psychosocial screening and challenges to facilitators of screening. Participants were 15 multidisciplinary staff (physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, physician assistant) at nine sites, three using the Psychosocial Assessment Tool© for research and six for clinical care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331238/psychological-stress-and-coping-resources-during-primary-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-study
#5
Volker Tschuschke, Georgios Karadaglis, Kalliopi Evangelou, Clara Gräfin von Schweinitz, Jürgen Schwickerath
Introduction This prospective study reports on the impact of psychological factors on women with primary breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These women are in a special situation, where they not only have to deal with the shock of the cancer diagnosis but also with the fact that the malignant tumor will not be removed immediately but only after completing chemotherapy. A situation like this is stressful and requires a personal strength which not every woman may have. Methods In a prospective study 53 patients were assessed using various psychological and psycho-oncological questionnaires which aimed to evaluate their psychological stress and their coping resources...
February 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318448/psychological-resilience-aspects-that-mediate-the-depressive-effects-of-urinary-incontinence-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-10%C3%A2-years-after-treatment-with-radiation-and-hormone-ablation
#6
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, David R H Christie, Rosemary Bradford, Allison Steigler, James W Denham
Repeated surveys of prostate cancer (PCa) patients indicate that their prevalence of depression is well above that for their non-PCa peers. Although standard first-line treatments for depression are only about 35% effective, some recent comments have suggested that a focus upon the possible correlates (factors that aggravate or mediate depression) might help improve treatment efficacy. To investigate this issue, 144 10 year PCa survivors were asked about the frequency of urinary incontinence, a common side effect of some PCa treatments...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318419/preparing-youth-with-cancer-for-amputation-a-systematic-review
#7
Caitlyn A Loucas, Sarah R Brand, Sima Zadeh Bedoya, Anna C Muriel, Lori Wiener
Children and adolescents who require limb amputation as part of cancer treatment face many physical and emotional challenges. Preparatory interventions may serve to facilitate positive coping and improve long-term adjustment during pediatric cancer treatment, including decreasing anxiety and post-operative distress. This review aimed to examine and identify the type and degree of psychosocial preparation provided to the child with cancer and family prior to amputation. Electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, and PsycINFO were searched for relevant research articles...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318175/psychosocial-care-in-the-department-of-pediatric-hematology-and-oncology-of-public-hospitals-in-argentina
#8
Débora Farberman, Teresa Méndez, Leticia García, Lucía Salvia, Silvia Otarolac
BACKGROUND: Blood diseases and cancer are part of a group of rare conditions in pediatrics. In general, cancer treatments are prolonged (months or years), so psychosocial support has been introduced to provide comprehensive care to these patients. OBJECTIVE: To explore psychosocial care provided at the public hospitals of Argentina to children and adolescents with cancer. Population and Methods. An electronic questionnaire was sent to the heads of the Departments of Hematology and Oncology, Mental Health, and Social Services of 27 public hospitals providing care to pediatric patients with cancer...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317213/dual-role-as-a-protective-factor-for-burnout-related-depersonalization-in-oncologists
#9
Yi He, Ying Pang, Yening Zhang, Richard Fielding, Lili Tang
PURPOSE: This study compared self-reported burnout between dual-role oncologists (oncologists who also do psychosocial work) and single-role oncologists, to explore if dual role is protective against or a risk factor for burnout. METHODS: Dual-role oncologists from across China (n = 131) were consecutively recruited via the Chinese Psychosocial Oncology Society (CPOS) and asked to identify single-role oncologist peers (n = 168) working in the same institution...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274395/attitudes-of-radiation-oncologists-toward-palliative-and-supportive-care-in-the-united-states-report-on-national-membership-survey-by-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-astro
#10
Randy L Wei, Malcolm D Mattes, James Yu, Adrienne Thrasher, Hui-Kuo Shu, Harald Paganetti, Jennifer De Los Santos, Bridget Koontz, Christopher Abraham, Tracy Balboni
PURPOSE: Radiation oncologists are frequently involved in providing palliative and supportive care (PSC) for patients with advanced cancers through delivery of palliative radiation. Whether they are confident in their ability to assess and initiate treatments for pain, nonpain, and psychosocial distress is unknown. The American Society for Radiation Oncology surveyed its practicing members in the United States on self-assessment of their primary PSC skills and access to continuing medical education on PSC...
March 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271870/participation-in-psychosocial-oncology-and-quality-of-life-research-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Claire E Wakefield, Joanna E Fardell, Emma L Doolan, Neil K Aaronson, Paul B Jacobsen, Richard J Cohn, Madeleine King
Quality-of-life and psychosocial oncology studies that have low participation might have less precision, less statistical power, and can have non-response bias. In this systematic Review, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycInfo, for paediatric studies published in 2010-15 and adults studies published 2014-15. Studies were eligible if they were original studies published in a peer-reviewed journal; recruited children (aged 0-18 years at diagnosis) with cancer or their parents, or adult patients with cancer; and assessed psychosocial outcomes, including quality of life, depression, anxiety, wellbeing, distress, coping, or adjustment as a primary or secondary outcome...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266259/-burden-and-rehabilitation-goals-of-families-in-pediatric-oncological-rehabilitation
#12
Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Konstantin A Krauth, Thomas Schulte, Dieter Berger, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Burden and Rehabilitation Goals of Families in Pediatric-oncological Rehabilitation Survival rates of childhood cancer patients increased during the past years up to 80 %. Therefore, pediatric oncological rehabilitation is essential for reintegrating children with cancer into normal life. We performed an analysis of the current state in pediatric oncological rehabilitation with regards to the impairments of the participants and results in rehabilitation. Descriptive and content analyses of 422 medical discharge summaries were conducted...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266257/-burden-of-parents-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-in-pediatric-oncological-rehabilitation
#13
Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Konstantin A Krauth, Ursula Rolfes, Thomas Schulte, Dieter Berger, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Burden of Parents of Pediatric Cancer Patients in Pediatric-oncological Rehabilitation All family members experience high burden in case of paediatric cancer. Family-oriented rehabilitation (FOR) aims to improve the physical and mental situation of the families. We investigated anxiety and depression (HADS) and cancer-related burden of parents (n = 69) before and after FOR and analysed its association with quality of life of the ill children. At beginning of FOR 70 % of the parents showed moderate to high anxiety scores and 47 % moderate to high depression scores...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259891/the-role-of-couples-attachment-styles-in-patients-adjustment-to-cancer
#14
Rossella De Luca, Patrizia Dorangricchia, Laura Salerno, Gianluca Lo Coco, Giuseppe Cicero
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how psychological variables and attachment styles can contribute to improve effective and functional adjustment to the disease and promote better psychological well-being. METHODS: A total of 176 participants (88 couples) took part in this research. One member of each couple attended surgery centers at the Oncology Department of the University Hospital of Palermo. Each participant had filled in 5 questionnaires assessing the variables couple relationships, quality of life, anxiety, depression, and psychosocial adjustment to illness...
March 4, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258162/developing-a-model-for-embedded-palliative-care-in-a-cancer-clinic
#15
Susan DeSanto-Madeya, David McDermott, Jessica A Zerillo, Nancy Weinstein, Mary K Buss
OBJECTIVES: Describe the development and key features of a model for embedded palliative care (PC) for patients with advanced kidney cancer or melanoma seen in a cancer clinic. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients following an initial phase and then a prospective review following the implementation of a model for embedded PC. RESULTS: In the initial phase, 18 patients were seen for a total of 53 visits; 78% were seen more than once, with a mean of three visits per patient...
March 3, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244694/global-assessment-of-cancer-incidence-and-survival-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Archie Bleyer, Andrea Ferrari, Jeremy Whelan, Ronald D Barr
In high-income countries, cancer remains the commonest cause of disease-related death in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) despite survival improvements. With more than 1,000,000 new diagnoses of cancer in AYAs annually worldwide, and their number of life-years affected by cancer being greatest of all ages, the global burden of cancer in AYAs exceeds that in all other ages. In low- and middle-income countries, where the great majority of the world's 3 billion AYAs reside, the needs of those with cancer have been identified and demand attention...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240522/coping-strategies-and-experiences-in-women-with-a-primary-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#17
Sepideh Hajian, Esmat Mehrabi, Masoomeh Simbar, Mohammad Houshyari
Background: Women with breast cancer experience problems in multiple aspects of their lives, but applying effective strategies can result in enhancing their quality of life and their psychosocial adaptation to the disease. However, there is little information about the strategies that women use to cope with complications associated with their experiences following a breast cancer diagnosis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the experience of coping behavior and the main strategies that women use in dealing with a breast cancer diagnosis...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224276/preparedness-and-cancer-related-symptom-management-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-first-year-post-treatment
#18
Corinne R Leach, Alyssa N Troeschel, Dawn Wiatrek, Annette L Stanton, Michael Diefenbach, Kevin D Stein, Katherine Sharpe, Kenneth Portier
BACKGROUND: Many cancer survivors feel unprepared for the physical and psychosocial challenges that accompany the post-treatment care transition (i.e., re-entry phase), including management of cancer-related symptoms. Few studies have investigated personal and contextual factors associated with the extent of preparedness for re-entry or how they are related to cancer-related symptom management. PURPOSE: Data from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Survivor Transition Study examined (1) characteristics of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors (n = 1188) within the first year of completing treatment who are most and least prepared for re-entry; and (2) how preparedness level and other characteristics are related to cancer-related symptom management...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219121/a-pilot-study-evaluation-of-psychosocial-competency-training-for-junior-physicians-working-in-oncology-and-hematology
#19
Stefanie Mache, Karin Vitzthum, Inka Hauschild, David Groneberg
BACKGROUND: This pilot and feasibility study evaluated a work-related self-care competency training in Oncology and Hematology Medicine for junior physicians working in Oncology and Hematology Medicine. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted with 80 physicians working in oncology and hematology hospital departments in Germany. Physicians were distributed to either the intervention group receiving competency training or a comparison group. The intervention took place in groups over a period of 12 weeks...
February 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217727/assessment-of-parents-perception-of-quality-of-pediatric-oncology-inpatient-care-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#20
Eunice Mmbone Keiza, Margaret Njambi Chege, Blasio Osogo Omuga
OBJECTIVE: Adequate knowledge of parents' perception of quality of pediatric cancer care helps to identify the areas of care improvement which would contribute to disease outcome in regard to the quality of life and satisfaction with the care provided. The aim of the study was to assess the parents' perception of the quality of Pediatric Oncology Inpatient Care at Kenyatta National Hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive quantitative and qualitative study was undertaken using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire and a focused group discussion guide...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
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