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Psychosocial oncology

M Renovanz, A-K Hickmann, J Coburger, K Kohlmann, M Janko, A-K Reuter, N Keric, M Nadji-Ohl, J König, S Singer, A Giese, M Hechtner
Neuro-oncological patients experience high symptom and psychosocial burden. The aim was to test feasibility and practicability of the Supportive Care Needs Survey Short Form (SCNS-SF34-G) and the SCNS-Screening Tool (SCNS-ST9) to assess supportive care needs of neuro-oncological patients in clinical routine. A total of 173 patients, most with a primary diagnosis of high-grade glioma (81%), were assessed first using SCNS-SF34-G in comparison to two well-established patient-reported outcome measures, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQC30 + QLQ-BN20) and Distress Thermometer (DT)...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Pamela A Lowry, Morganna L Freeman, Jeffery S Russell
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and lethal skin cancer with few known treatment options. Management of this disease is challenging, and oncology nurses must understand the medical, physical, and psychosocial burden that MCC places on the patient and family caregivers. Patients must navigate a complex medical and insurance network that often fails to support patients with rare cancers. Nurses must advocate for these patients to ensure quality comprehensive cancer care.
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Anish Khalil, Muhammad Faheem, Ammad Fahim, Haran Innocent, Zainab Mansoor, Shehrbano Rizvi, Hizra Farrukh
Background. The biomedical care for cancer has not been complemented by psychosocial progressions in cancer care. Objectives. To find the prevalence of anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients in a hospital setting. Design and Setting. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the tertiary care hospitals Shifa International Hospital Islamabad and Nuclear Medicine, Oncology, and Radiotherapy Institute [NORI]. Patients and Methods. 300 patients were interviewed from both the outpatient and inpatient department using The Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS)...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
Lorna Awo Renner, Deborah McGill
BACKGROUND: Developing countries such as Ghana have very poor childhood cancer survival rates. There is a need to determine reasons for late presentation and treatment abandonment which are major causes of poor survival. Understanding these issues could inform effective strategies for childhood cancer control in resource-constrained settings. AIM: To explore factors influencing parental decision-making for children with cancer in Ghana with regard to health seeking and retention in treatment, in order to provide information that will guide Public Health interventions for childhood cancer control...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Joan Nee Wey Khng, Ivan Mun Hong Woo, Gilbert Fan
Cancer tends to have an impact on a person's psychological and social well-being. Group work is one approach that can help manage the psychosocial impact of cancer. Group interventions for people living with cancer have existed for a number of decades with a majority of them adopting the cognitive-behavioral approach. While this approach has been found to be efficacious, it may be limited for people who prefer acts of service and metaphors. This article describes an experiential approach to group intervention, an alternative to cognitive-behavioral groups...
October 18, 2016: Future Oncology
Alex King
The acceptance and provision of psychosocial cancer care in the UK is moving forward positively, aided by patient advocacy and psychologically minded healthcare policies. The unfolding challenge now is of targeting the quality and outcomes of clinical psycho-oncology services. This report outlines the clinically led development of UK-focused guidance to challenge psycho-oncology services to achieve and demonstrate their potential. It discusses how the guidance was particularly framed to encourage small, low-resource services, and outlines the potential benefits for patients...
October 18, 2016: Future Oncology
Heidi Williamson, Nichola Rumsey
An altered appearance can impact on the psychosocial well-being of adolescent cancer patients, yet patient reports imply a dearth of appearance-related support. Using a two-phase qualitatively driven mixed methods design, 62 health professionals from a range of UK oncology care settings, provided data relating to their views of the impact of appearance changes on adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years), of delivering appearance-related care, and their training needs. Integrated findings were divided into two main outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Makiko Tomita, Miyako Takahashi, Nobumi Tagaya, Miyako Kakuta, Ichiro Kai, Takashi Muto
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a positive psychological change occurring after struggling with a highly challenging experience. The purposes of this study were to investigate how women's demographic and clinical characteristics as well as psychosocial factors are associated with PTG, and to reveal the influence of PTG on depressive symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 157 women with breast cancer (BC) who attended a breast oncology clinic at a university hospital in Japan...
October 12, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Bruno E Aldaz, Gareth J Treharne, Robert G Knight, Tamlin S Conner, David Perez
This study explored the psychosocial experiences of patients with cancer during the course of oncology treatment with curative intent. Our aim was to gather in-depth insights into the shared elements of oncology treatment across a range of cancer types. A total of 10 individuals undergoing oncology treatment participated in semi-structured interviews. Six themes were identified using interpretative phenomenological analysis: diminished well-being, perceived role changes in intimate relationships, heightened awareness of limited time, a new order of priorities, taking things as they come and development of trust in health professionals...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Ging-Long Wang, Chih-Tao Cheng, An-Chen Feng, Sheng-Hui Hsu, Yi-Chen Hou, Chiu-Yuan Chiu
OBJECTIVE: Beginning in 2007, all newly diagnosed cancer patients at the Koo Foundation Sun Yat-Sen Cancer Center (KF-SYSCC) were screened for psychosocial distress. Our social workers, as part of the psychosocial care team (PCT), have engaged in proactive outreach with patients identified as distressed. The goal of the present study was to assess the prevalence of psychosocial distress and the extent of contact between the PCT and distressed patients. METHOD: Newly diagnosed patients who were treated at KF-SYSCC between 2007 and 2010 for cancer were eligible if there were at least 100 patients with the same type of cancer...
October 4, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Michael H Antoni, Laura C Bouchard, Jamie M Jacobs, Suzanne C Lechner, Devika R Jutagir, Lisa M Gudenkauf, Charles S Carver, Susan Lutgendorf, Steven W Cole, Marc Lippman, Bonnie B Blomberg
PURPOSE: Cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) is an empirically-validated group-based psychosocial intervention. CBSM is related to decreased self-reported indicators of psychological adversity during breast cancer treatment and greater disease-free survival (DFS) vs. a control condition. This study examined relationships between CBSM, DFS, and a potential biobehavioral pathway linking these variables in breast cancer patients through a gene expression composite representing the leukocyte conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA)...
September 24, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Toni Zhong, Jiayi Hu, Shaghayegh Bagher, Anthony Vo, Anne C OʼNeill, Kate Butler, Christine B Novak, Stefan O P Hofer, Kelly A Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: This is the first study to use generic distress, cancer-specific, and procedure-specific measures to prospectively evaluate psychological responses, body image, sexuality, and health-related quality of life in immediate compared with delayed breast reconstruction. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing autologous immediate and delayed breast reconstruction (June of 2009 to December of 2010) completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Body Image Scale, Sexuality Scale, and BREAST-Q preoperatively and postoperatively (6, 12, and 18 months)...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Mary Ann Cantrell, Teresa M Conte, Melissa M Hudson, Kathy Ruble, Kaye Herth, Aziza Shad, Alyssa Canino
Research has shown that self-esteem and hopefulness are positively related among female childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and contribute to their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). HRQOL remains a significant outcome of treatment for CCS. This study examined the relationships among self-esteem, hopefulness, and HRQOL in young adult female CCS to inform the development of evidence-based practice guidelines for pediatric oncology nursing practice. An online survey was conducted with a sample of young adult female CCS from 58 treatment centers across the United States at 4 time points: at baseline and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after initial measurement time...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
MaryAnn B Wilbur, Diana B Mannschreck, Ana M Angarita, Rayna K Matsuno, Edward J Tanner, Rebecca L Stone, Kimberly L Levinson, Sarah M Temkin, Martin A Makary, Curtis A Leung, Amy Deutschendorf, Peter J Pronovost, Amy Brown, Amanda N Fader
OBJECTIVES: Thirty-day readmission is used as a quality measure for patient care and Medicare-based hospital reimbursement. The primary study objective was to describe the 30-day readmission rate to an academic gynecologic oncology service. Secondary objectives were to identify risk factors and costs related to readmission. METHODS: This was a retrospective, concurrent cohort study of all surgical admissions to an academic, high volume gynecologic oncology service during a two-year period (2013-2014)...
September 21, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Anne-Katrin Hickmann, Marlene Hechtner, Minou Nadji-Ohl, Mareile Janko, Ann Katrin Reuter, Karoline Kohlmann, Markus Haug, Sonja Grüninger, Monika Deininger, Oliver Ganslandt, Jochem König, Christian Rainer Wirtz, Jan Coburger, Mirjam Renovanz
The association between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), psychosocial distress, and supportive care is in the focus of patient-centered neuro-oncology. We investigated the relationship between the aforementioned in glioma-patients to evaluate the association of these instruments and determine cut-off values for suitable HRQoL scales indicating a potential need for intervention. In an observational multi-center study, outpatients completed the Distress Thermometer (DT), EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ-C30/BN20, HRQoL), and Supportive-Care-Needs-Survey-SF34-G (SCNS)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Eun-Seung Yu, Ha Kyoung Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Sung Man Chang, Jong-Chul Yang, Jong-Heun Kim
OBJECTIVE: To report the development and validation of the National Cancer Center Psychological Symptom Inventory (NCC-PSI). METHODS: Psychometric properties of the NCC-PSI were examined by using multicenter surveys involving 400 patients with cancer in 5 cancer-treatment hospitals throughout Korea. Related measures including the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview were administered. RESULTS: Convergent validity was supported by NCC-PSI's significant associations with related measures...
September 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Susan K Parsons, Iris C Fineberg, Mingqian Lin, Marybeth Singer, May Tang, John K Erban
Disciplinary diversity in team composition is a valuable vehicle for oncology care teams to provide high-quality, person-centered comprehensive care. Such diversity facilitates care that effectively addresses the complex needs (biologic, psychosocial, and spiritual) of the whole person. The concept of professional or disciplinary diversity centers on differences in function, education, and culture, reflecting variety and heterogeneity in the perspectives of team members contributing to care. Thorough understanding of the skills, knowledge, and education related to each team member's professional or lay expertise is critical for members to be able to optimize the team's potential...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Sarah F D'Ambruoso, Anne Coscarelli, Sara Hurvitz, Neil Wenger, David Coniglio, Dusty Donaldson, Christopher Pietras, Anne M Walling
Our case describes the efforts of team members drawn from oncology, palliative care, supportive care, and primary care to assist a woman with advanced cancer in accepting care for her psychosocial distress, integrating prognostic information so that she could share in decisions about treatment planning, involving family in her care, and ultimately transitioning to hospice. Team members in our setting included a medical oncologist, oncology nurse practitioner, palliative care nurse practitioner, oncology social worker, and primary care physician...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Casey Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Ashish Gulia, Suman Byregowda, Pankaj Kumar Panda
Patients in advanced stages of illness trajectories with local and widespread musculoskeletal incurable malignancies, either treatment naive or having recurrence are referred to the palliative care clinic to relieve various disease-related symptoms and to improve the quality of life. Palliative care is a specialized medicine that offers treatment to the disease-specific symptoms, places emphasis on the psychosocial and spiritual aspects of life and help the patients and their family to cope with advance stage cancer in a stronger and reasonable way...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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