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Psychosocial oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107337/e-cigarettes-and-smoking-cessation-a-primer-for-oncology-clinicians
#1
Yanina Zborovskaya
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes 
(e-cigarettes) are a psychosocial phenomenon of the 21st century with serious implications to public and individual health. The significant increase of their popularity and use has raised concerns in the healthcare community regarding their potential benefits and harm, particularly their use as a smoking cessation methodology. 
. OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge is presented about e-cigarettes, including the clinical implications of their use, and associated controversies are analyzed...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103181/positive-schemas-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-pediatric-cancer-a-pilot-study
#2
Brae Anne McArthur, Douglas Strother, Fiona Schulte
PURPOSE: Research in the area of pediatric oncology has shown that although some children and youth diagnosed with this disease cope adaptively after their diagnosis, others continue to have long-term psychosocial difficulties. The potential mechanisms that may protect against the experience of psychopathology and poor quality of life within this population are not well known. The purpose of this pilot study was to utilize a new comprehensive measure of positive schemas to better understand the relationship between positive schemas, quality of life, and psychopathology, for children on active treatment for cancer...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099053/palliative-care-involvement-is-associated-with-less-intensive-end-of-life-care-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-oncology-patients
#3
Jennifer M Snaman, Erica C Kaye, Jessie J Lu, April Sykes, Justin N Baker
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adult oncology (AYAO) patients often receive intensive medical care and experience significant symptoms at the end of life (EOL). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of AYAO patients aged 15-26 years who died as inpatients in a hospital and to compare the illness and EOL experiences of AYAO patients who did and did not receive palliative care (PC). DESIGN AND SETTING: A standardized data extraction tool was used to collect information about demographics, treatment, terminal characteristics, and symptoms during the last month of life (LMOL) for 69 AYAO patients who died while hospitalized between 2008 and 2014...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095941/preparation-for-the-end-of-life-and-life-completion-during-late-stage-lung-cancer-an-exploratory-analysis
#4
Gail Adorno, Cara Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore preparation for the end of life (EoL) and life closure among persons with advanced metastatic lung cancer. Understanding quality of life through the lens of preparation and completion is important since the trajectory of lung cancer can be relatively short, often leading to application of cancer-directed therapies near death without the opportunity for advance planning or palliative care. Clinical research is needed to understand the kinds of distress specific to older adults with advanced lung cancer that are amendable to palliative care interventions...
January 18, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094664/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-active-book-clubs-in-cancer-survivors-an-explorative-investigation
#5
Nanna Maria Hammer, Lisbeth Kofoed Egestad, Susanne Grøn Nielsen, Eik Bjerre, Christoffer Johansen, Ingrid Egerod, Bernardine Pinto, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: While the increasing number of people surviving cancer is promising, the long-term health effects warrant broad, innovative interventions. We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a 24-week intervention called 'Active Book Club' comprising audio book listening, pedometer walking and supervised book club meetings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory and descriptive design was applied. Qualitative data included baseline and post-intervention focus group interviews as well as post-intervention individual interviews...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#6
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062332/psychosocial-concerns-in-the-postoperative-oncology-patient
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth Ercolano
OBJECTIVES: To describe psychosocial concerns associated with the postoperative cancer patient and to discuss current psychosocial evidence-based approaches to manage these psychosocial concerns. DATA SOURCES: Published peer-reviewed literature. CONCLUSION: The postoperative phase of cancer care may be associated with a range of overlapping acute and chronic psychosocial concerns related to the surgery itself, the cancer diagnosis, and the need for ongoing cancer treatments...
January 3, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062327/psychosocial-care-of-the-pediatric-oncology-patient-undergoing-surgical-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Marci Mechtel, Ashley Stoeckle
OBJECTIVE: To review the psychosocial aspects experienced by children with cancer undergoing surgical and procedural treatments. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycINFO resources. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of cancer is a threatening experience for the pediatric patient with cancer leading to anxiety and distress, which is elevated with a surgical or procedural approach to treatment. Assessing the child's developmental level and previous experiences are fundamental in identifying the appropriate interventions to reduce anxiety and distress to support effective coping...
January 4, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052173/cancer-survivor-s-history-and-physical
#9
Alejandra C Fuentes, Jonathan E Lambird, Thomas J George, Merry Jennifer Markham
The number of cancer survivors is estimated by 2022 to increase to almost 18 million, in part because of improvements in earlier detection and cancer therapies, leading to longer-term survival of cancer patients. This growing number of survivors has presented challenges to the healthcare community, one of which is the need to provide to the survivor a seamless transition from the oncologist to the primary care provider (PCP). A major national initiative is under way for oncologists to provide survivorship care plans to their patients and PCPs, with the aim of communicating a complete record of cancer treatment and guiding the PCP in the future care of these cancer survivors...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050150/risk-stratification-treatment-selection-and-transplant-eligibility-in-multiple-myeloma-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspectives-and-self-reported-practices-of-oncologists
#10
T W LeBlanc, A Howson, W Turell, P Sheldon, S C Locke, S A Tuchman, C Gasparetto, S Kaura, Z M Khan, A P Abernethy
BACKGROUND: Since the early 2000s, treatment options for multiple myeloma have rapidly expanded, adding significant complexity to the management of this disease. To our knowledge, no systematic qualitative research on clinical decision-making in multiple myeloma has been published. We sought to characterize how physicians view and implement guidelines and incorporate novel approaches into patient care. METHODS: We designed a semi-structured qualitative interview guide informed by literature review and an expert advisory panel...
December 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049576/provision-of-integrated-psychosocial-services-for-cancer-survivors-post-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Christopher J Recklitis, Karen L Syrjala
Meeting the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer has been recognised as a priority within oncology care for several decades. Many approaches that address these needs have been developed and described; however, until recently much of this work had focused on patients during treatment and end-of-life care. With continued improvement in therapies, the population of cancer survivors who can expect to live for 5 or more years after cancer diagnosis has increased dramatically, as have associated concerns about how to meet their medical, psychosocial, and health behaviour needs after treatment...
January 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049545/portuguese-validation-of-the-prolonged-grief-disorder-questionnaire-predeath-pg-12-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#12
Alexandra Coelho, Cláudia Silva, António Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to contribute to the validation of the Portuguese version of the Prolonged Grief Disorder Questionnaire-Predeath (PG-12), examining its psychometric properties, including factorial, discriminant, and predictive validity. The prevalence of predeath prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and its psychosocial correlates were also analyzed. METHOD: The PG-12 was assessed in a sample of family caregivers (FCs) of oncological patients in palliative care...
January 4, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032249/anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-two-seriously-medically-ill-populations-and-their-family-caregivers-a-comparison-and-clinical-implications
#14
Kelly M Shaffer, Jamie M Jacobs, Jessica N Coleman, Jennifer S Temel, Jonathan Rosand, Joseph A Greer, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common among patients with acute illness and their families. In oncology, psychosocial services addressing these symptoms are increasingly part of regular practice. Less is known about psychiatric distress among patients with acute neurological injury (ANI) and their family caregivers. To highlight this inequity in psychosocial intervention across medical services, we compared anxiety and depressive symptomatology shortly following diagnosis among patients facing incurable cancer or ANI and their family caregivers...
December 28, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989612/psychological-stress-in-geriatric-patients-with-genito-urinary-cancers
#15
Désirée Louise Dräger, Chris Protzel, Oliver W Hakenberg
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of all cancer cases affect patients who are older than 65years, yet the specific conditions of the treatment and supportive care in this age group are poorly studied. There are limited data on the specific psycho-oncological problems in elderly patients with genito-urinary cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial needs of elderly patients with genito-urinary tumors using screening questionnaires and to use such screening questionnaires for an in-patient psychosocial treatment program...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987220/-dropped-from-the-system-the-experiences-and-challenges-of-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Hannah Matthews, Heather Semper
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore breast cancer patients' experiences during survivorship. Particular attention is given to the role of specialist breast care nurses in supporting women throughout this phase. BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of research involving long term breast cancer survivors. Yet, many survivors experience substantial psychosocial and iatrogenic harms created by diagnosis, symptoms of disease and treatment. A more comprehensive understanding may assist in supporting the needs of breast cancer survivors...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983882/building-a-national-framework-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-hematology-and-oncology-and-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-report-of-the-inaugural-meeting-of-the-ajet-working-group-of-the-german-society-for-pediatric-oncology-and-hematology
#17
Gabriele Escherich, Stefan Bielack, Stephan Maier, Ralf Braungart, Tim H Brümmendorf, Mathias Freund, Regine Grosse, Anette Hoferer, Rebecca Kampschulte, Barbara Koch, Melchior Lauten, Valeria Milani, Henning Ross, Freimut Schilling, Dieter Wöhrle, Holger Cario, Uta Dirksen
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with hemato-oncological problems constitute a heterogenous group with characteristic particularities, specific needs, and age-related clinical and unique psychosocial features. Strong collaboration between pediatric and adult hemato-oncology settings is essential to address their needs appropriately. This is not only true for patients who first become ill during adolescence or young adulthood, but equally so for people who contract hemato-oncological diseases congenitally or as younger children and who are now becoming old enough to leave the pediatric setting and have to transit into "adult" medical care...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981149/cancer-care-and-the-role-of-psychosocial-oncology-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going
#18
EDITORIAL
Barry D Bultz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955737/palliative-care-and-pediatric-surgical-oncology
#19
Alessandro Inserra, Alessandra Narciso, Guglielmo Paolantonio, Raffaella Messina, Alessandro Crocoli
Survival rate for childhood cancer has increased in recent years, reaching as high as 70% in developed countries compared with 54% for all cancers diagnosed in the 1980s. In the remaining 30%, progression or metastatic disease leads to death and in this framework palliative care has an outstanding role though not well settled in all its facets. In this landscape, surgery has a supportive actor role integrated with other welfare aspects from which are not severable. The definition of surgical palliation has moved from the ancient definition of noncurative surgery to a group of practices performed not to cure but to alleviate an organ dysfunction offering the best quality of life possible in all the aspects of life (pain, dysfunctions, caregivers, psychosocial, etc...
October 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906794/health-related-quality-of-life-hr-qol-and-chronic-health-conditions-in-survivors-of-childhood-acute-myeloid-leukemia-aml-with-down-syndrome-ds-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#20
Kris Ann P Schultz, Lu Chen, Alicia Kunin-Batson, Zhengjia Chen, William G Woods, Alan Gamis, Toana Kawashima, Kevin C Oeffinger, H Stacy Nicholson, Joseph P Neglia
Survival rates for children with Down syndrome (DS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are high; however, little is known regarding the health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) of these survivors. Individuals who survived ≥5 years following diagnosis of childhood AML were invited to complete parent or patient-report surveys measuring HR-QOL and chronic health conditions. In total, 26 individuals with DS had a median age at diagnosis of 1.8 years (range, 0.77 to 10.9 y) and median age at interview of 15 years (range, 8...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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