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Erwin Lemche, Mauricio Sierra-Siegert, Anthony S David, Mary L Phillips, David Gasston, Steven C R Williams, Vincent P Giampietro
Previous studies have yielded evidence for cognitive processing abnormalities and alterations of autonomic functioning in depersonalization-derealization disorder (DPRD). However, multimodal neuroimaging and psychophysiology studies have not yet been conducted to test for functional and effective connectivity under cognitive stress in patients with DPRD. DPRD and non-referred control subjects underwent a combined Stroop/negative priming task, and the neural correlates of Stroop interference effect, negative priming effect, error rates, cognitive load span and average amplitude of skin conductance responses were ascertained for both groups...
April 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Eli Somer, Taryn Amos-Williams, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Depersonalisation-derealisation disorder (DPRD) is a distressing and impairing condition with a pathophysiology that is not well understood. Nevertheless, given the growing interest in its pathogenesis, and the publication of a number of treatment trials, a systematic review of randomised controlled pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy trials is timely. METHODS: A systematic search of articles on DPRD published from January 1980 to August 2012, using Cochrane methods, was conducted...
2013: BMC Psychology
Erwin Lemche, Simon A Surguladze, Michael J Brammer, Mary L Phillips, Mauricio Sierra, Anthony S David, Steven C R Williams, Vincent P Giampietro
OBJECTIVE: The cerebral mechanisms of traits associated with depersonalization-derealization disorder (DPRD) remain poorly understood. METHOD: Happy and sad emotion expressions were presented to DPRD and non-referred control (NC) subjects in an implicit event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) design, and correlated with self report scales reflecting typical co-morbidities of DPRD: depression, dissociation, anxiety, somatization. RESULTS: Significant differences between the slopes of the two groups were observed for somatization in the right temporal operculum (happy) and ventral striatum, bilaterally (sad)...
February 2016: CNS Spectrums
Iu G Starkov, V P StrekalovskiÄ­, V A VishnevskiÄ­, R S Grigor'ian
Up to present time there is no common view on the role of diverticuli of the papillar region of the duodenum (DPRD) in development of the strictures of terminal parts of the common bile duct and major pancreatic duct. The main method for the diagnosis of DPRD is fibroduodenoscopy (FDS). Relaxational FDS is the most informative method for detailed examination of diverticulum and for assessment of its interrelations with longitudinal crease and the major duodenal papilla (MDP). During the last 2 years all patients with DPRD underwent ERCPG, which helped to obtain more complete information of the presence and the character of the strictures of terminal parts of the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct...
2000: Khirurgiia
N Shibata, T Hayakawa, N Hoshino, T Minouchi, A Yamaji
We created a predictive model for the area under the concentration versus time curve (AUC) of cyclosporin A (CsA) using routine monitoring results, and examined its clinical utility. Based on 48 clinical time courses accumulated from renal transplant patients, the AUC predictive model was created. An estimate of the AUC0-8 (integrated from time zero to 8 h) was then given as follows: AUC0-8 = 5673.1 x log(TL) + 9342.8 x log(OB) + 64.1 x Dprd x 869.4 x DTK - 168.9 x HCT - 161.2 x SCr - 11.3 x GPT + 3.0 x PL - 588...
August 1997: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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