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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349046/reduction-of-closed-frontal-sinus-fractures-through-suprabrow-approach
#1
Hyung Min Hahn, Yoo Jung Lee, Myong Chul Park, Il Jae Lee, Sue Min Kim, Dong Ha Park
Background: The traditional approach for reduction of frontal sinus fractures is coronal incision. Inherent complications of the coronal approach include long scar, hair loss, and long operation time. We describe a simple approach for the reduction of frontal sinus anterior wall fractures using a suprabrow incision that is commonly used for brow lift. Methods: From March 2007 to October 2016, the authors identified patients with anterior wall frontal sinus fractures treated by open reduction through a suprabrow incision...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334541/a-novel-technique-for-measuring-eyelid-force
#2
Shay Ofir, Avner Belkin, Arie Y Nemet
PURPOSE: We present a novel technique to directly measure the eyelid upward force generation. This technique can be used during routine clinical examination using an inexpensive, portable force gauge. METHODS: This prospective case series was conducted January to June 2015 in an ophthalmology clinic affiliated with a tertiary care medical center. A convenience sample of 42 patients (40-90 years of age) without known eyelid pathology participated. The eyelid upward net force generated was measured directly using a handheld dynamometer noninvasively attached to the upper eyelid...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315143/predictive-techniques-for-neurotoxin-outcomes
#3
Liza Brown, Drew Taylor, Eduardo Weiss
BACKGROUND: Botulinum-derived neurotoxins have become a substantial tool in dermatologists' armamentarium for facial/neck rejuvenation. Current literature discusses anatomical "danger zones" to avoid during neurotoxin injection to prevent brow ptosis, blepharoptosis, and lower facial ptosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether lidocaine 1% local anesthetic can be used to predict botulinum toxin treatment outcomes and prevent adverse effects of unwanted paralysis...
January 8, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310526/the-saliency-of-angular-shapes-in-threatening-and-nonthreatening-faces
#4
Nicholas Watier
Several lines of evidence suggest that angularity and curvilinearity are relied upon to infer the presence or absence of threat. This study examines whether angular shapes are more salient in threatening compared with nonthreatening emotionally neutral faces. The saliency of angular shapes was measured by the amount of local maxima in S(θ), a function that characterizes how the Fourier magnitude spectrum varies along specific orientations. The validity of this metric was tested and supported with images of threatening and nonthreatening real-world objects and abstract patterns that have predominantly angular or curvilinear features (Experiment 1)...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305243/colonization-and-diversification-of-the-white-browed-shortwing-aves-muscicapidae-brachypteryx-montana-in-the-philippines
#5
Christopher C Kyriazis, Bushra Alam, Mark Wjodyla, Shannon Hackett, Peter Hosner, Herman L Mays, Lawrence R Heaney, Sushma Reddy
Molecular phylogenetic approaches have greatly improved our knowledge of the pattern and process of biological diversification across the globe; however, many regions remain poorly documented, even for well-studied vertebrate groups. The Philippine archipelago, one of the least-studied 'biodiversity hotspots', is an ideal natural laboratory for investigating the mechanisms driving diversification in an insular and geologically dynamic setting. We investigated the history and geography of diversification of the Philippine populations of a widespread montane bird, the White-browed Shortwing (Brachypteryx montana)...
January 2, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304269/hemorrhagic-ischemic-retinal-vasculitis-and-alopecia-areata-as-a-manifestation-of-hla-b27
#6
Ravi Sharma, Sandeep Randhawa
A 12-year-old Indian boy presented with acute and severe vision loss in his right eye. He was being treated for scalp alopecia areata and rashes behind the ears and above the brow. The eye examination revealed unilateral hemorrhagic retinal vasculitis. The lab work was normal except for a positive HLA-B27 result. The patient was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) and systemic immunosuppression. The retinal vasculitis improved with treatment, but visual acuity only mildly improved...
January 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280866/the-impact-of-botulinum-toxin-on-brow-height-and-morphology-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joseph S El-Khoury, Samer F Jabbour, Cyril J Awaida, Youssef A Rayess, Elio G Kechichian, Marwan W Nasr
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have objectively demonstrated the efficacy of botulinum toxin for brow elevation. No clinical trial has compared the variation of the eyebrow shape and height when the lateral eyebrow depressors are injected alone or in combination with the medial eyebrow depressors. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study was designed to evaluate and compare the effect of two different botulinum toxin injection techniques on brow shape and position...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273931/comparison-of-periorbital-anthropometry-between-beauty-pageant-contestants-and-ordinary-young-women-with-korean-ethnicity-a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis
#8
Young Chul Kim, Jin Geun Kwon, Sung Chan Kim, Chang Hun Huh, Hee Jin Kim, Tae Suk Oh, Kyung S Koh, Jong Woo Choi, Woo Shik Jeong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in the periorbital anthropometry between national Beauty Pageant Contestants and Ordinary Young Women with Korean ethnicity. METHODS: Forty-three Beauty Pageant Contestants who were elected for the national beauty contest and forty-eight Ordinary Young Women underwent 3D photography. The authors analyzed 3D photogrammetric measures regarding periorbital soft tissue. RESULTS: The palpebral fissure width was significantly higher in the Beauty Pageant Contestants than the Ordinary Young Women (27...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260849/horner-syndrome-a-clinical-review
#9
Timothy J Martin
Horner syndrome results from an interruption of the oculosympathetic pathway. Patients with Horner syndrome present with a slightly droopy upper lid and a smaller pupil on the affected side; less commonly, there is a deficiency of sweating over the brow or face on the affected side. This condition does not usually cause vision problems or other significant symptoms, but is important as a warning sign that the oculosympathetic pathway has been interrupted, potentially with serious and even life-threatening processes...
December 20, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259900/anterior-lamellar-recession-for-management-of-upper-eyelid-cicatricial-entropion-and-associated-eyelid-abnormalities
#10
Tamer I Gawdat, Mahmoud A Kamal, Ahmed S Saif, Mostafa M Diab
AIM: To evaluate the functional and aesthetic outcomes of upper eyelid cicatricial entropion (UCE) correction using anterior lamellar recession (ALR) with addressing the associated conditions including dermatochalasis, brow ptosis, blepharoptosis, and lid retraction. METHODS: Chart review of patients with upper lid cicatricial entropion who had undergone ALR from 2013 to 2016 was reviewed. Success was defined as the lack of any lash in contact with the globe, no need for a second procedure, and acceptable cosmesis at the final follow up...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250018/forming-facial-expressions-influences-assessment-of-others-dominance-but-not-trustworthiness
#11
Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kie Nagoya, Sakiko Yoshikawa, Michio Nomura
Forming specific facial expressions influences emotions and perception. Bearing this in mind, studies should be reconsidered in which observers expressing neutral emotions inferred personal traits from the facial expressions of others. In the present study, participants were asked to make happy, neutral, and disgusted facial expressions: for "happy," they held a wooden chopstick in their molars to form a smile; for "neutral," they clasped the chopstick between their lips, making no expression; for "disgusted," they put the chopstick between their upper lip and nose and knit their brows in a scowl...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230624/an-observational-study-of-the-optimal-placement-of-a-cerebral-oximeter-probe-to-avoid-the-frontal-sinus-in-children
#12
Eun-Hee Kim, Kyu-Young Song, In-Kyung Song, Ji-Hyun Lee, Young-Eun Jang, Hee-Soo Kim, Seo-Hee Lee, Jin-Tae Kim
The frontal sinus is an airspace behind the brow ridge in the skull and can affect the accuracy of the regional cerebral oxygen saturation measurements. We evaluated the optimal location for placement of a cerebral oximeter probe while avoiding the frontal sinus in pediatric patients. This retrospective observational study included 203 pediatric patients aged 3-17 years who had undergone brain computed tomography from November 2010 to December 2015. The patients were divided into five subgroups based on their age...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211695/minimally-invasive-brow-lifting-techniques-erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202348/upper-lip-reconstruction-using-a-pedicel-superficial-temporal-artery-flap
#14
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Abdullah E Kattan
INTRODUCTION: The hair-bearing superficial temporal artery free flap has been used in men for total upper lip reconstruction. In this paper we present a case of a partial upper lip defect in a man that was reconstructed with a pedicle superficial temporal artery flap. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Following a car accident, a 35-year old man sustained a partial upper defect. The defect included the entire "outer lamella" (i.e. the skin and red lip) of the right hemi-lip as well as the outer part of the muscle (i...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199845/distinct-profiles-of-information-use-characterize-identity-judgments-in-children-and-low-expertise-adults
#15
Louise Ewing, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Emily K Farran, Marie L Smith
Face processing abilities vary across the life span: increasing across childhood and adolescence, peaking around 30 years of age, and then declining. Despite extensive investigation, researchers have yet to identify qualitative changes in face processing during development that can account for the observed improvements on laboratory tests. The current study constituted the first detailed characterization of face processing strategies in a large group of typically developing children and adults (N = 200) using a novel adaptation of the Bubbles reverse correlation technique (Gosselin & Schyns, 2001)...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195244/options-in-repositioning-the-asymmetric-brow-from-paralysis-and-trauma
#16
Thomas S Lee, Lexie Wang, Reintine Han, Moustafa Mourad, Yadranko Ducic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194286/desmoplastic-melanoma-of-the-periorbital-region
#17
Sudip Thakar, Thomas Kandl, Oded Sagiv, Devjyoti Tripathy, Michael T Tetzlaff, Sahil Kapur, Jeffrey Myers, Wen-Jen Hwu, Bita Esmaeli, Bashar M Y Jaber
Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is a rare subtype of melanoma and an even smaller proportion of periocular melanomas. Here, the authors report 2 cases of DM in the periocular region. Staged according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) eighth edition classification, patient 1 presented with a stage IIIC (pT4apN1cM0) DM in the left lateral canthus with upper and lower eyelid and patient 2 presented with a stage IIIB (T4aN1bM0) DM in the left brow and supraorbital region with a parotid lymph node metastasis...
November 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185112/prospective-multi-centric-evaluation-of-upper-cervical-and-infra-cervical-sagittal-compensatory-alignment-in-patients-with-adult-cervical-deformity
#18
Subaraman Ramchandran, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Daniel Sciubba, Justin K Scheer, Cyrus M Jalai, Alan Daniels, Peter G Passias, Virginie Lafage, Han Jo Kim, Gregory Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Robert A Hart, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Christopher P Ames
PURPOSE: Reciprocal mechanisms for standing alignment have been described in thoraco-lumbar deformity but have not been studied in patients with primary cervical deformity (CD). The purpose of this study is to report upper- and infra-cervical sagittal compensatory mechanisms in patients with CD and evaluate their changes post-operatively. METHODS: Global spinal alignment was studied in a prospective database of operative CD patients. Inclusion criteria were any of the following: cervical kyphosis (CK) > 10°, cervical scoliosis > 10°, cSVA (C2-C7 Sagittal vertical axis) > 4 cm or CBVA (Chin Brow Vertical Angle) > 25°...
November 28, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165866/assessing-enclosure-design-and-husbandry-practices-for-successful-keeping-and-breeding-of-the-burmese-brow-antlered-deer-eld-s-deer-rucervus-eldii-thamin-in-european-zoos
#19
Ellis L Wall, Matt Hartley
The endangered Burmese brow antlered deer (Rucervus eldii thamin) is a medium sized tropical cervid kept in a number of European zoos. Studbook data and anecdotal reports have suggested that this species suffers from poor reproductive success and relatively high neonatal mortality in captivity. Questionnaires were sent to 10 European zoos, holding 91 (20.71.0) deer, in order to record information on husbandry practices and enclosure design. Studbook analysis was performed to determine reproductive success and mortality values at each of the zoos participating in the study...
May 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158390/additive-effects-of-climate-and-fisheries-drive-ongoing-declines-in-multiple-albatross-species
#20
Deborah Pardo, Jaume Forcada, Andrew G Wood, Geoff N Tuck, Louise Ireland, Roger Pradel, John P Croxall, Richard A Phillips
Environmental and anthropogenic factors often drive population declines in top predators, but how their influences may combine remains unclear. Albatrosses are particularly threatened. They breed in fast-changing environments, and their extensive foraging ranges expose them to incidental mortality (bycatch) in multiple fisheries. The albatross community at South Georgia includes globally important populations of three species that have declined by 40-60% over the last 35 years. We used three steps to deeply understand the drivers of such dramatic changes: (i) describe fundamental demographic rates using multievent models, (ii) determine demographic drivers of population growth using matrix models, and (iii) identify environmental and anthropogenic drivers using ANOVAs...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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