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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158390/additive-effects-of-climate-and-fisheries-drive-ongoing-declines-in-multiple-albatross-species
#1
Deborah Pardo, Jaume Forcada, Andrew G Wood, Geoff N Tuck, Louise Ireland, Roger Pradel, John P Croxall, Richard A Phillips
Environmental and anthropogenic factors often drive population declines in top predators, but how their influences may combine remains unclear. Albatrosses are particularly threatened. They breed in fast-changing environments, and their extensive foraging ranges expose them to incidental mortality (bycatch) in multiple fisheries. The albatross community at South Georgia includes globally important populations of three species that have declined by 40-60% over the last 35 years. We used three steps to deeply understand the drivers of such dramatic changes: (i) describe fundamental demographic rates using multievent models, (ii) determine demographic drivers of population growth using matrix models, and (iii) identify environmental and anthropogenic drivers using ANOVAs...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146105/content-validation-of-behaviours-and-autonomic-responses-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-adults-with-a-brain-injury
#2
Céline Gélinas, Kathleen A Puntillo, Madalina Boitor, Mélanie Bérubé, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Aaron M Joffe, Melissa Richard-Lalonde, Francis Bernard, David L Streiner
BACKGROUND: The evidence shows that brain-injured patients express behaviours that are related to their level of consciousness (LOC), and different from other patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Therefore, existing behavioural scales should be revised to enhance their content and validity for use in these patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the content relevance of behaviours and autonomic responses for pain assessment of brain-injured ICU patients from the perspective of critical care clinicians...
November 13, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107796/periorbital-lesions-misdiagnosed-as-dermoid-cysts
#3
Ahmed Al-Muhaylib, Hind M Alkatan, Yasser H Al-Faky, Adel H Alsuhaibani
Several periorbital lesions can be clinically misdiagnosed as dermoid cyst. We retrospectively reviewed the histopathological findings for 97 biopsied periorbital lesions with a clinical diagnosis of dermoid cyst from January 2006 to July 2016 at a single center and identified 5 cases that were eventually found to have been misdiagnosed. The main presenting symptom was a long-standing mobile painless mass with intact overlying skin below the medial aspect of the brow in 4 patients and below the center of the brow in 1 patient...
October 28, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106437/does-increasing-the-dose-of-abobotulinumtoxina-impact-the-duration-of-effectiveness-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-glabellar-lines
#4
John H Joseph, Laura L Eaton, James Robinson, Allison Pontius, Edwin F Williams Iii
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the duration of effect of a single dose of 120 units of abobotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of moderate to severe glabellar lines. DESIGN: Investigator-initiated, prospective, multi-center, open-label study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This open-label trial of thirty subjects with moderate to severe glabellar lines at maximum frown was per- formed at 2 private plastic surgery clinics. 120 units of abobotulinumtoxinA was injected in 5 equal aliquots (24 units each) into each of 5 injection sites in the glabellar complex...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098368/what-neurotoxins-have-taught-us-about-the-brow-the-reintroduction-and-review-of-the-transpalpebral-browpexy
#5
Michael Patrick Ogilvie, Julius Warren Few, Alec James Semersky, Natasha Tamagni Kulick, Mary Katherine Vorisek
INTRODUCTION: The use of neuromodulators has grown substantially in our society, particularly in the temporary treatment of brow ptosis. This study revisits the use of the transpalpebral browpexy for upper face and brow rejuvenation in the context of what has been learned from neuromodulators. METHODS: A retrospective review of 97 subjects was conducted who had transpalpebral browpexy performed for lateral brow ptosis. Qualitative degree of brow elevation after the procedure was determined by examining before and after photographs for each patient...
November 2, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080325/rapid-facial-reactions-in-response-to-happy-and-angry-expressions-in-7-month-old-infants
#6
Amy Datyner, Julie D Henry, Jenny L Richmond
Humans rapidly and spontaneously activate muscles in the face when viewing emotional facial expressions in others. These rapid facial reactions (RFRs) are thought to reflect low-level, bottom-up processes, and are theorized to assist an observer to experience and share the affect of another individual. It has been assumed that RFRs are present from birth; however to date, no study has investigated this response in children younger than 3 years of age. In the present study, we used facial electromyography (EMG) to measure corrugator supercilii (brow) and zygomaticus major (cheek) muscle activity in 7-month-old infants while they viewed happy and angry facial expressions...
October 28, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077679/revisiting-the-skin-lines-on-the-forehead-and-glabellar-area
#7
Kun Hwang
This paper attempted to revisit the skin lines in forehead and glabellar area.Using PubMed, Scopus, and Google, papers describing skin tension lines of face were searched. Papers with illustrations or pictures of the facial lines were selected and reviewed. The studies of the skin lines in the forehead and glabellar area were analyzed.Langer used the term "cleavage of the cutis, anatomical lines." Over the forehead, he found a border zone of horizontal folds that were interrupted many times by the ascending folds coming from the flabella area...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064985/optimizing-male-periorbital-rejuvenation
#8
REVIEW
Jack F Scheuer, Alan Matarasso, Rod J Rohrich
BACKGROUND: Facial rejuvenation continues to be an increasing trend among males. The periorbital region deserves special mention given the overall differences in aesthetics between sexes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the aesthetics of the upper eyelid, lower eyelid, lateral canthus, and brow with respect to male periorbital rejuvenation. METHODS: The upper eyelid, lower eyelid, lateral canthus, and brow are examined, highlighting aesthetic differences in males and females...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053045/relationship-between-ocular-dominance-and-brow-position-in-patients-with-blepharoptosis
#9
Andrew W Thorne, Rao V Chundury, Julian D Perry, Daniel B Rootman
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine if ocular dominance plays a role in predicting compensatory eyebrow elevation in cases of ptosis. METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study screened all individuals presenting to two tertiary oculoplastics practices with complaints of ptosis for entry. Primary position photographs were obtained. Ocular dominance was assessed via a modified Porta test. Ptosis was defined in bilateral cases as marginal reflex distance of <2...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040391/quantification-of-the-aesthetically-desirable-female-midface-position
#10
Gary Linkov, Pooja Mally, Craig N Czyz, Allan E Wulc
Background: The purpose of this study was to attempt to determine a reliable method of evaluating midface position. We assessed a novel parameter called WIZDOM (Width of the Interzygomatic Distance of the Midface) and its relationship to other facial metrics. Objectives: The goal was to evaluate midfacial position quantitatively in women by examining 2-dimensional photographs of a subset of women with idealized facial proportions. Methods: Three examiners analyzed stock photographs of nonsmiling female model faces...
June 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036948/commentary-on-transcutaneous-brow-shaping-a-straightforward-and-precise-method-to-lift-and-shape-the-eyebrows
#11
John Mesa, Luis O Vasconez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025237/the-role-of-injectables-in-aesthetic-surgery-financial-implications
#12
Bryson G Richards, William F Schleicher, Gehaan F D'Souza, Raymond Isakov, James E Zins
Background: The plastic surgeon competes with both core and noncore physicians and surgeons for traditional cosmetic procedures. In 2007, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) and the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) joined efforts to form a Cosmetic Medicine Task Force to further analyze this trend. Objectives: Our objective is to document and quantify the patient capture and total collections generated in a single surgeon's practice exclusive from Botulinum Toxin A and filler injections over a 10-year period...
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021728/olympic-torch-flap-one-stop-option-for-simultaneous-brow-upper-and-lower-lid-reconstruction-in-post-burn-patients
#13
M Vathulya, D Chattopadhyay, K Koyama
Facial units reconstruction in a post burn patient poses tough challenges. Simultaneous brow and lid reconstruction is one of them. This article presents a 45-year-old epileptic male with burn of complete face. The task of reconstructing the brow, upper and lower lids was successfully accomplished using a modification of the Guyuron postauricular fasciocutaneous flap, after initial grafting and radial forearm flap reconstruction of forehead and other parts of the face. The article gives a single-stop solution for simultaneous reconstruction of brow and lids using a random pattern extension of the traditional postauricular flap, thus proving the excellent vascularity and hence durability of the flap in spite of a 180 degrees change in the orientation of the flap with respect to the axis...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975711/temporal-brow-lift-vs-internal-browpexy-in-females-undergoing-upper-blepharoplasty-effects-on-lateral-brow-lifting
#14
Alireza Zandi, Behzad Ranjbar-Omidi, Mohsen Pourazizi
BACKGROUND: Lateral brow-lifting surgical procedures in conjunction with upper blepharoplasty may prevent secondary descent following upper blepharoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of internal browpexy (IBP) and temporal brow lift (TBL) in patients with dermatochalasis undergoing simultaneous upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: This study was a single-center, parallel-group randomized controlled trial conducted on 32 female patients suitable for upper blepharoplasty...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953620/different-patterns-in-mental-rotation-of-facial-expressions-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-patients
#15
Won Joon Lee, Soo-Hee Choi, Joon Hwan Jang, Jee Youn Moon, Yong Chul Kim, EunChung Noh, Jung Eun Shin, HyunSoon Shin, Do-Hyung Kang
Although facial pain expressions are considered to be the most visible pain behaviors, it is known that the association between pain intensity and facial pain expression is weak for chronic pain. The authors hypothesized that the facial pain expressiveness was altered in chronic pain and investigated it with a mental rotation task using various facial expression, which seems to be associated with actual facial movements. As a task stimulus, 4 types of facial expression stimuli consisted of upper (tightening of eye and furrowed brows) and lower (raising upper lip) pain-specific facial expressions, and upper (eyeball deviation) and lower (tongue protrusion) facial movements not using facial muscles were used...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950349/primary-drivers-of-adult-cervical-deformity-prevalence-variations-in-presentation-and-effect-of-surgical-treatment-strategies-on-early-postoperative-alignment
#16
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Subaraman Ramchandran, Samantha R Horn, Gregory W Poorman, Munish Gupta, Robert A Hart, Vedat Deviren, Alexandra Soroceanu, Justin S Smith, Frank Schwab, Christopher I Shaffrey, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND: Primary drivers (PDs) of adult cervical deformity (ACD) have not been described in relation to pre- and early postoperative alignment or degree of correction. OBJECTIVE: To define the PDs of ACD to understand the impact of driver region on global postoperative compensatory mechanisms. METHODS: Primary cervical deformity driver/vertebral apex level were determined: CS = cervical; CTJ = cervicothoracic junction; TH = thoracic; SP = spinopelvic...
August 5, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945618/quantitative-analysis-of-face-and-neck-skin-tightening-by-microfocused-ultrasound-with-visualization-in-asians
#17
Pei-Hsuan Lu, Chih-Hsun Yang, Ya-Ching Chang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of microfocused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) on facial and neck laxity were largely based on masked physician assessments, histological analysis, and safety profile. More quantitative studies are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 800 treatment lines of MFU-V on skin tightening effect of face and neck in Asians using 2 quantitative analysis systems at 0, 90, and 180 days after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 25 subjects were recruited in this prospective study...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943215/-forehead-rejuvenation
#18
M Prevot, C Thomet, B Cornette de Saint-Cyr, A Marchac, E Delay
The goal of this article is to provide a systemic approach to forehead rejuvenation. Fillers, botulinic toxin injections, transpalpebral, endoscopic or bicoronal brow lift must be usual techniques for every plastic surgeon in overall facial rejuvenation. Achieving a long lasting and aesthetically pleasing forehead is possible only with surgical techniques when aging is obvious.
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927806/-aging-prevention-new-surgical-techniques-and-future-options-for-facial-rejuvenation
#19
C Le Louarn
Prevention of aging is mainly obtained through appropriate health practices, modulated by the genetic causes of aging. Causes of facial structural aging include gravity, volume loss, contraction of the mimic muscles and obviously biological aging of tissues. Among the very numerous new surgical technique of facial rejuvenation, we could point out: for the frontal region, obviously we are focus on the endoscopic and non-endoscopic frontal lifts. But also, we should note the transcutaneous Brow Shaping which with a well defined, step by step technique is indeed a simple way to improve a possible difficult situation; concerning the mid-face lift, as the main risk is the secondary eyelid malposition, a high Smas or a temporo-malar lift can be performed...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920776/establishing-normal-fecal-flora-in-wild-australian-passerine-birds-by-use-of-the-fecal-gram-stain
#20
Benjamin Latham, Alan Leishman, John Martin, David Phalen
The purpose of this study was to determine the normal fecal bacterial and fungal flora and parasite prevalence in wild passerine birds found at the Australian Botanic Garden (Mount Annan, New South Wales). Wild passerine birds (n = 186) from 28 species were captured with mist nets. Fecal Gram stains (n = 155) were made from 26 species and analyzed for bacterial density, Gram stain morphology, and the presence of yeast. Fecal wet preparations (n = 139) were made from 24 passerine species and were analyzed for parasites...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
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