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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900467/what-makes-a-smiling-face-look-happy-visual-saliency-distinctiveness-and-affect
#1
Manuel G Calvo, Aida Gutiérrez-García, Mario Del Líbano
We investigated the relative contribution of (a) perceptual (eyes and mouth visual saliency), (b) conceptual or categorical (eye expression distinctiveness), and (c) affective (rated valence and arousal) factors, and (d) specific morphological facial features (Action Units; AUs), to the recognition of facial happiness. The face stimuli conveyed truly happy expressions with a smiling mouth and happy eyes, or blended expressions with a smile but non-happy eyes (neutral, sad, fearful, disgusted, surprised, or angry)...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891228/a-probabilistic-algorithm-to-process-geolocation-data
#2
Benjamin Merkel, Richard A Phillips, Sébastien Descamps, Nigel G Yoccoz, Børge Moe, Hallvard Strøm
BACKGROUND: The use of light level loggers (geolocators) to understand movements and distributions in terrestrial and marine vertebrates, particularly during the non-breeding period, has increased dramatically in recent years. However, inferring positions from light data is not straightforward, often relies on assumptions that are difficult to test, or includes an element of subjectivity. RESULTS: We present an intuitive framework to compute locations from twilight events collected by geolocators from different manufacturers...
2016: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879576/analysis-of-sagittal-parameters-in-patients-undergoing-one-or-two-level-closing-wedge-osteotomy-for-correcting-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-secondary-to-ankylosing-spondylitis
#3
Wen-Bin Hua, Yu-Kun Zhang, Yong Gao, Xian-Zhe Liu, Shu-Hua Yang, Xing-Huo Wu, Jing Wang, Cao Yang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical records. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the improvement in sagittal balance after one- or two-level closing wedge osteotomy for correcting thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Closing wedge osteotomy represents a common approach to correct kyphosis in AS. While several reports have described the outcomes of one- or two-level closing wedge osteotomy in terms of sagittal parameters, data comparing the outcomes of these procedures are scarce...
November 22, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853561/sex-roles-parental-care-and-offspring-growth-in-two-contrasting-coucal-species
#4
Wolfgang Goymann, Ignas Safari, Christina Muck, Ingrid Schwabl
The decision to provide parental care is often associated with trade-offs, because resources allocated to parental care typically cannot be invested in self-maintenance or mating. In most animals, females provide more parental care than males, but the reason for this pattern is still debated in evolutionary ecology. To better understand sex differences in parental care and its consequences, we need to study closely related species where the sexes differ in offspring care. We investigated parental care in relation to offspring growth in two closely related coucal species that fundamentally differ in sex roles and parental care, but live in the same food-rich habitat with a benign climate and have a similar breeding phenology...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828918/reply-re-the-effect-of-ptosis-surgery-on-brow-position-and-the-utility-of-preoperative-phenylephrine-testing
#5
Daniel B Rootman, Justin Karlin, Grant Moore, Robert Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828917/re-the-effect-of-ptosis-surgery-on-brow-position-and-the-utility-of-preoperative-phenylephrine-testing
#6
Tal J Rubinstein, Julian D Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821382/a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-phase-ii-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-eculizumab-in-patients-with-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-gbs-protocol-of-japanese-eculizumab-trial-for-gbs-jet-gbs
#7
Nobuko Yamaguchi, Sonoko Misawa, Yasunori Sato, Kengo Nagashima, Kanako Katayama, Yukari Sekiguchi, Yuta Iwai, Hiroshi Amino, Tomoki Suichi, Takanori Yokota, Yoichiro Nishida, Nobuo Kohara, Koichi Hirata, Kazutoshi Nishiyama, Ichiro Yabe, Ken-Ichi Kaida, Norihiro Suzuki, Hiroyuki Nodera, Shoji Tsuji, Haruki Koike, Jun-Ichi Kira, Hideki Hanaoka, Susumu Kusunoki, Satoshi Kuwabara
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated neuropathy that causes acute flaccid paralysis. Immunoglobulin and plasma exchange are established treatments for GBS; however, a substantial number of patients, particularly those with severe disease, have poor recovery and residual deficits. Recent studies suggest that complement activation plays a pivotal role in GBS-associated axonal degeneration, and eculizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to complement component 5 and potently inhibits complement activation...
November 7, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812777/acromegaly-clinical-features-at-diagnosis
#8
REVIEW
Lucio Vilar, Clarice Freitas Vilar, Ruy Lyra, Raissa Lyra, Luciana A Naves
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is a rare and underdiagnosed disorder caused, in more than 95% of cases, by a growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma. The GH hypersecretion leads to overproduction of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) which results in a multisystem disease characterized by somatic overgrowth, multiple comorbidities, physical disfigurement, and increased mortality. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to review the clinical features of acromegaly at diagnosis...
November 3, 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767385/distinction-between-fear-and-surprise-an-interpretation-independent-test-of-the-perceptual-attentional-limitation-hypothesis
#9
Justin Chamberland, Annie Roy-Charland, Melanie Perron, Joël Dickinson
The perceptual-attentional limitation hypothesis posits that the confusion between emotional facial expressions of fear and surprise may be due to their visual similarity, with shared muscle movements. In Experiment 1 full face images of fear and surprise varying as a function of distinctiveness (mouth index, brow index or both indices) were displayed in a gender oddball task. Experiment 2, in a similar task, directed attention towards the eye or mouth region with a blurring technique. The current two studies used response time and event-related potentials (ERP) to test the perceptual-attentional limitation hypothesis...
October 21, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755441/eyebrow-shapes-over-the-last-century
#10
Kun Hwang, Seong Kyung Yoo
The aim of this study was to analyze eyebrow shapes as represented in the British edition of "Vogue" over the last century (1916-2015). Photographs containing distinguishable eyebrows were selected from a book entitled "Vogue 100: A Century of Style." A total of 120 frontal pictures in which the eye and eyebrows were identifiable were included and analyzed. The relative width of the eyebrow (REW), as well as relative medial (RMH), midpupillary (RPH), and lateral (RLH) eyebrow height were measured in reference to the length of the palpebral fissure...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749618/clinical-presentation-and-bacteriology-of-eyebrow-infections-the-massachusetts-eye-and-ear-infirmary-experience-2008-2015
#11
Anaïs L Carniciu, Jonathan Chou, Ilya Leskov, Suzanne K Freitag
PURPOSE: This study retrospectively reviews preseptal cellulitis and abscesses involving the eyebrow to elucidate the bacteriology and potential causative factors. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who had been diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis or abscess involving the eyebrow at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 2008 and 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological data were collected. RESULTS: Eighty patients with eyebrow infections were identified, of whom 49 (61...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689522/angiomyxolipoma-of-the-right-sub-brow-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#12
Sami Al-Bdairat, Isam Sh Alrawi, Mohammed A Obaid, Yahia F Dajani
INTRODUCTION: Angiomyxolipoma (AML) is a rare variant of benign lipoma with characteristic histopathological and immuno-histochemical features. It consists of fatty tissue admixed with myxoid stroma and blood vessels. It was first described by Mai et al. in 1996 [1], with a total number of 19 cases reported since. PRESENTATION: This is the first report of an AML in subcutaneous tissue of the face, presenting as a 4-month old cystic lesion in a 78-year old lady. Diagnosis was based on radiological and histopathological with cytochemical findings...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683694/cervical-spine-immobilization-in-the-elderly-population
#13
Prashanth J Rao, Kevin Phan, Ralph J Mobbs, David Wilson, Jonathon Ball
BACKGROUND: Immobilization of the cervical spine is a cornerstone of spinal injury management. In the context of suspected cervical spine injury, patients are immobilized in a 'neutral position' based on the head and trunk resting on a flat surface. It is hypothesized that the increased thoracic kyphosis and loss of cervical lordosis seen in elderly patients may require alternative cervical immobilization, compared with the 'neutral position'. METHODS: To investigate this, an audit of pan-scan CT performed on consecutive major trauma patients aged over 65 years was carried out over a 6-month period...
March 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601423/maximal-levator-resection-in-unilateral-congenital-ptosis-with-poor-levator-function
#14
Ju-Hyang Lee, Orapan Aryasit, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo, Llewellyn Lee, Owen N Johnson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Surgical treatments for the correction of congenital ptosis with poor levator function, including frontalis suspension or maximal levator resection, remain controversial. We evaluated the postoperative surgical and cosmetic outcomes after maximal levator resection for unilateral congenital ptosis with poor levator function. METHODS: A retrospective, interventional case series was performed. A total of 243 patients with 243 eyelids (210 unilateral and 33 bilateral asymmetric ptosis) who underwent unilateral maximal levator resection were included...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565734/effects-of-6-month-eicosapentaenoic-acid-treatment-on-postprandial-hyperglycemia-hyperlipidemia-insulin-secretion-ability-and-concomitant-endothelial-dysfunction-among-newly-diagnosed-impaired-glucose-metabolism-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-an-open
#15
Takahiro Sawada, Hideo Tsubata, Naoko Hashimoto, Michinori Takabe, Taishi Miyata, Kosuke Aoki, Soichiro Yamashita, Shogo Oishi, Tsuyoshi Osue, Kiminobu Yokoi, Yasue Tsukishiro, Tetsuari Onishi, Akira Shimane, Yasuyo Taniguchi, Yoshinori Yasaka, Takeshi Ohara, Hiroya Kawai, Mitsuhiro Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental studies have revealed that n-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) regulate postprandial insulin secretion, and correct postprandial glucose and lipid abnormalities. However, the effects of 6-month EPA treatment on postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, insulin secretion, and concomitant endothelial dysfunction remain unknown in patients with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomized 107 newly diagnosed IGM patients with CAD to receive either 1800 mg/day of EPA (EPA group, n = 53) or no EPA (n = 54)...
2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561080/the-effect-of-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty-on-eyelid-and-brow-position
#16
Tanuj Nakra, Sara Modjtahedi, Ivan Vrcek, Ronald Mancini, Stan Saulny, Robert A Goldberg
This article evaluates the effect of upper eyelid blepharoplasty on eyelid margin position and brow height. This study is a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent upper eyelid blepharoplasty without concurrent blepharoptosis repair or brow surgery. The medical records of the participants were retrospectively reviewed and an established image analysis software was used to quantify the upper margin reflex distance (MRD1) as well as brow height using high quality standardized clinical photographs. A total of 19 patients (38 eyelids and brows) met the inclusion criteria...
December 2016: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556625/the-deep-temporal-nerve-transfer-an-anatomical-feasibility-study-and-implications-for-upper-facial-reanimation
#17
Phillip B Dauwe, Austin Hembd, Erika De La Concha-Blankenagel, Salim Saba, Charles White, Alexander Cardenas-Mejia, Shai M Rozen
BACKGROUND: Facial paralysis has a profound impact on the brow, and currently static procedures are the mainstay of treatment. The deep temporal branches of the trigeminal nerve, given their proximity to the brow, may serve as possible donor nerves for both potential innervation of a free muscle transfer in patients with prolonged facial palsy or nerve transfers in acute or subacute palsy. As such, the authors present the detailed surgical anatomy of the deep temporal nerve, assessing feasibility for both functional muscle and nerve transfers, including a proposed surgical technique...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547305/molecular-tracking-of-individual-host-use-in-the-shiny-cowbird-a-generalist-brood-parasite
#18
Ma Alicia de la Colina, Mark E Hauber, Bill M Strausberger, Juan Carlos Reboreda, Bettina Mahler
Generalist parasites exploit multiple host species at the population level, but the individual parasite's strategy may be either itself a generalist or a specialist pattern of host species use. Here, we studied the relationship between host availability and host use in the individual parasitism patterns of the Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis, a generalist avian obligate brood parasite that parasitizes an extreme range of hosts. Using five microsatellite markers and an 1120-bp fragment of the mtDNA control region, we reconstructed full-sibling groups from 359 cowbird eggs and chicks found in nests of the two most frequent hosts in our study area, the Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus and the House Wren Troglodytes aedon...
July 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499476/the-endoscopic-brow-lift
#19
REVIEW
Jon D Perenack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Atlas of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499475/open-brow-lift-surgery-for-facial-rejuvenation
#20
REVIEW
Tirbod Fattahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Atlas of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
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