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"histrionic personality disorder"

Stefano Valente, Giulia Di Girolamo, Martina Forlani, Anna Biondini, Paolo Scudellari, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the characteristics of eating disorders (ED) in males, with particular attention to sex-related clinical features and psychiatric co-morbidities. METHOD: Out of 280 persons, referred to our outpatients ED clinic between January 2011 and June 2014, 267 with complete information were included in this retrospective observational study. RESULTS: The men/women ratio was one to five (male 16.5% vs female 83.5%) with an increasing proportion of male patients over the years...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
Fatih Kayhan, Adem Küçük, Yılmaz Satan, Erdem İlgün, Şevket Arslan, Faik İlik
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the current prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD), mood, anxiety, and personality disorders in female patients with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: This case-control study involved 96 patients with FM and 94 healthy women. The SD diagnosis was based on a psychiatric interview in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria. Mood and anxiety disorders were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Cristina Crego, Chelsea E Sleep, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) was a five-domain, 25-dimensional trait model that would have constituted a significant part of the diagnostic criteria for each personality disorder. A primary concern with respect to the proposal was that clinicians might find such an approach to be unacceptable. This study provides results from three independent data collections that compared clinicians' clinical utility ratings for each iteration of the DSM-5 dimensional trait assignments, along with an alternative list of traits derived from the Five Factor Form (FFF)...
January 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Filipa Novais, Andreia Araújo, Paula Godinho
Histrionic Personality Disorder is one of the most ambiguous diagnostic categories in psychiatry. Hysteria is a classical term that includes a wide variety of psychopathological states. Ancient Egyptians and Greeks blamed a displaced womb, for many women's afflictions. Several researchers from the 18th and 19th centuries studied this theme, namely, Charcot who defined hysteria as a "neurosis" with an organic basis and Sigmund Freud who redefined "neurosis" as a re-experience of past psychological trauma. Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) made its first official appearance in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders II (DSM-II) and since the DSM-III, HPD is the only disorder that kept the term derived from the old concept of hysteria...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Zahra Zeinodini, Zeynab Khanjani, Hamid Poorsharifi, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Individuals with certain personality disorders, especially the antisocial and borderline personality disorders, are more prone to substance use disorders. OBJECTIVES: Regarding the importance of substance use disorders, this study aimed to explore the association between personality disorders and types of used drugs (narcotics and stimulants) in Iranian male substance users. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The current study was a correlation study...
June 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Leo Sher, Larry J Siever, Marianne Goodman, Margaret McNamara, Erin A Hazlett, Harold W Koenigsberg, Antonia S New
Gender is an important variable in the study of mental health because of the actual and perceived differences between men and women. Relatively little is known how males and females differ in their manifestations of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Demographic and clinical features of 323 participants with ASPD were assessed and recorded. Women had fewer episodes of antisocial behavior involving or not involving police, higher scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and on Emotional Abuse and Sexual Abuse subscales of the CTQ compared to men...
October 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Howard B Moss, Risë B Goldstein, Chiung M Chen, Hsiao-Ye Yi
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol dependence (AD) presents with substantial clinical heterogeneity, including concurrent use of non-alcohol drugs. Here, we examine specific patterns of concurrent non-alcohol substance use during the previous year among a nationally representative sample of adults with DSM-IV AD, and estimate their population prevalence in the U.S. We then evaluate alcohol use behavior and comorbid psychopathology among respondents with AD according to their patterns of concurrent non-alcohol substance use...
November 2015: Addictive Behaviors
Francesco Gazzillo, Vittorio Lingiardi, Franco Del Corno, Federica Genova, Robert F Bornstein, Robert M Gordon, Nancy McWilliams
The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between level of personality organization and type of personality disorder as assessed with the categories in the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM; PDM Task Force, 2006) and the emotional responses of treating clinicians. We asked 148 Italian clinicians to assess 1 of their adult patients in treatment for personality disorders with the Psychodiagnostic Chart (PDC; Gordon & Bornstein, 2012) and the Personality Diagnostic Prototype (PDP; Gazzillo, Lingiardi, & Del Corno, 2012) and to complete the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ; Betan, Heim, Zittel-Conklin, & Westen, 2005)...
June 2015: Psychotherapy
Guy Boysen, Ashley Ebersole, Robert Casner, Nykhala Coston
Research indicates that stereotypes can intersect. For example, the intersection of stereotypes about gender and mental disorders could result in perceptions of gendered mental disorders. In the current research, Studies 1 and 2 showed that people view specific disorders as being masculine or feminine. The masculine stereotype included antisocial personality disorder, addictions, and paraphilias. The feminine stereotype included eating disorders, histrionic personality disorder, body dysmorphia, and orgasmic disorder...
November 2014: Journal of Social Psychology
Adrian Furnham
This study looks at "bright-side," Big Five Personality trait correlates of a "dark-side" Personality Disorder, namely Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD). More than 5000 British adults completed the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality Inventory-Revised (Costa & McCrae, 1985), which measures the Big Five Personality factors at the Domain (Super Factor) and the Facet (Factor) level, as well as the Hogan Development Survey (HDS; Hogan & Hogan, 2009), which has a measure of HPD, exclusively called "Colourful" in the HDS terminology...
November 2014: Journal of Social Psychology
Elias Dakwar, Frances R Levin, Mark Olfson, Shuai Wang, Bradley Kerridge, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVES: For attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), treatment seeking is a critical first step in treatment initiation and remains insufficiently understood. The aims of this study were to estimate ADHD treatment-seeking probabilities over the lifetime and to identify predictors of treatment seeking for ADHD separately for males and females. METHODS: Data were drawn from 2001 to 2005 as part of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a two-wave face-to-face survey conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (N=34,653)...
December 1, 2014: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
F W Hickling
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical outcome of patients with personality disorder, receiving treatment with psychohistoriographic brief psychotherapy (PBP). METHOD: Patients seen in the author's private practice from 1974-2010 with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) personality disorder diagnosis were treated with PBP. Demographic, clinical responses and one-year clinical outcome measures were disaggregated and analysed, using SPSS, version 17...
2013: West Indian Medical Journal
Oddgeir Friborg, Egil W Martinsen, Monica Martinussen, Sabine Kaiser, Karl Tore Overgård, Jan H Rosenvinge
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis was conducted to identify the proportions of comorbid personality disorders (PD) in mood disorders. METHODS: We found 122 empirical papers published in the period 1980-2010 on participants having mood disorders in addition to a comorbid PD. Mood disorders were classified as bipolar disorders (BD), major depressive disorders (MDD) and dysthymic disorders (DYS). Several moderators were coded as well. RESULTS: The risk of having at least one comorbid PD (any PD) was high across all three mood disorders (BD=...
January 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
Antonello Colli, Annalisa Tanzilli, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between therapists' emotional responses and patients' personality disorders and level of psychological functioning. METHOD: A random national sample of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists (N=203) completed the Therapist Response Questionnaire to identify patterns of therapists' emotional response, and the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 to assess personality disorders and level of psychological functioning in a randomly selected patient currently in their care and with whom they had worked for a minimum of eight sessions and a maximum of 6 months (one session per week)...
January 2014: American Journal of Psychiatry
Robert J Neborsky, Christian Bundy
OBJECTIVE: The present study addresses whether it is possible to accurately determine a subject's Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) classification by observing a video-recorded clinical psychotherapy discussion that uses the principles of Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP). METHOD: A random sample of eight of the author's (Robert J. Nebrosky) private practice patients participated in an AAI administered by an experienced interviewer. The authors were blind to the results of the AAI, which were scored and classified by Erik Hesse, PHD (consultant and expert in AAI coding and classification)...
2013: American Journal of Psychotherapy
Karen Slade, Andrew Forrester
Understanding the prevalence and type of personality disorder within prison systems allows for the effective targeting of resources to implement strategies to alleviate symptoms, manage behaviour and attempt to reduce re-offending. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of personality disorder (PD) traits within a local urban high-turnover adult male prison with a remand/recently sentenced population in London, UK. The International Personality Disorder Examination - Screening Questionnaire (IPDE-SQ) self-administered questionnaire (ICD-10 version) was completed by 283 prisoners (42% completion rate)...
May 2013: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Astrid von Lojewski, Anna Fisher, Suzanne Abraham
BACKGROUND: There is persuasive evidence for a relationship between eating disorders (EDs) and personality disorders (PDs). Research studies over the last three decades have used various tools to explore PDs in EDs with differing results. We investigated PDs derived from an interview--the International Personality Disorder Examination. METHODS: 132 female inpatients with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN-R), binge-purging AN, bulimia nervosa (BN) and ED not otherwise specified were interviewed...
2013: Psychopathology
Shaul Lev-Ran, Bernard Le Foll, Kwame McKenzie, Tony P George, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: National epidemiological surveys have reported increased rates of cannabis use and cannabis use disorders (CUDs) among individuals with mental illness. However, this subject has not been sufficiently investigated, particularly given limitations in diagnostic tools used and lack of data pertaining to frequency of cannabis used. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of cannabis use and CUDs among individuals with a wide range of mental illness. METHOD: We analyzed data on 43,070 respondents age 18 and above from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a nationally representative survey conducted from 2001 to 2002...
August 2013: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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