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"dissociative disorder"

Tanya Sharma, Vinod K Sinha, Neha Sayeed
CONTEXT: Dissociation is understood as maladaptive coping and is common in children and adolescents. Treatment outcome studies show improvement in comorbid conditions suggesting the need to implement programs that target dissociative pathology. AIM: To study the effect of practicing mindfulness among adolescents diagnosed with dissociative disorders. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It was a hospital-based repeated measures design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 7 adolescents participated in a mindfulness-based therapeutic program for 6 weeks...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Bethany L Brand, Aliya R Webermann, A Steven Frankel
Few assessors receive training in assessing dissociation and complex dissociative disorders (DDs). Potential differential diagnoses include anxiety, mood, psychotic, substance use, and personality disorders, as well as exaggeration and malingering. Individuals with DDs typically elevate on many clinical and validity scales on psychological tests, yet research indicates that they can be distinguished from DD simulators. Becoming informed about the testing profiles of DD individuals and DD simulators can improve the accuracy of differential diagnoses in forensic settings...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz, Emre Tayakısı, Ezgi F Öğülmüş, Doğuş Sönmez
AIM: This study inquires into identity alteration among college students and its relationship to borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs). METHODS: Steinberg Identity Alteration Questionnaire (SIAQ), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and self-report screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1301 college students. Participants who fit the diagnostic criteria of BPD (n = 80) according to the clinician-administered SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV DDs (SCID-D) by two psychiatrists blind to the group membership and scale scores...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Jason J Braithwaite, Anthony S David
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz
Depersonalization (DEP) and derealization (DER) were examined among college students with and without borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs) by self-report and clinician assessment. The Steinberg Depersonalization Questionnaire (SDEPQ), the Steinberg Derealization Questionnaire (SDERQ), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1,301 students. Those with BPD (n = 80) according to the SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders by a psychiatrist blind to the diagnosis...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Andrea Scalabrini, Marco Cavicchioli, Andrea Fossati, Cesare Maffei
Several authors have studied dissociation within the borderline personality disorder (BPD) population and postulated 3 dissociative subgroups. Conversely, other authors suggest that dissociation may play a central role in the development of trauma-related disorders and specifically in BPD. Nevertheless, the role of dissociation in BPD seems to be controversial. Our aim is to perform a meta-analytic review of the literature to evaluate the extent of dissociation in BPD compared to other psychopathological disorders to clarify its role in this specific condition...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Martin J Dorahy, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Christa Krüger, Bethany L Brand, Vedat Şar, Jan Ewing, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Pam Stavropoulos, Warwick Middleton
Controversy exists regarding the merits of exposure-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus a phased approach when prominent dissociative symptoms are present. The first aim of this study was to examine the degree to which diagnosing dissociation in two traumatized patients' vignettes influenced clinicians' preference for phase-oriented treatment and whether clinicians' treatment experience contributed to their treatment preference. The second aim was to assess the extent to which participants had observed traumatized patients worsen when treated with exposure therapy or phase-oriented therapy and whether the theoretical orientation and treatment experience of the clinician were related to the observed deterioration...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Giulia L Poerio, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell
This study examined in real time the role of sleep and daydreaming as potentiating states for subsequent dissociation in depersonalization/derealization disorder (DDD). Research and theory suggests that dissociation may be exacerbated and maintained by a labile sleep-wake cycle in which "dream-like" mentation intrudes into waking life and fuels dissociative symptoms. We explore and extend this idea by examining the state of daydreaming in dissociation. Daydreaming is a state of consciousness between dreaming and waking cognition that involves stimulus-independent and task-unrelated mentation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Cenk Ural, Mustafa Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan, Ramazan Konkan
BACKGROUND: A possible relationship has been suggested between social anxiety and dissociation. Traumatic experiences, especially childhood abuse, play an important role in the aetiology of dissociation. AIM: This study assesses childhood trauma history, dissociative symptoms, and dissociative disorder comorbidity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: The 94 psychotropic drug-naive patients participating in the study had to meet DSM-IV criteria for SAD...
January 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Vivek Agarwal, Rakesh Yaduvanshi, Amit Arya, Pawan Kumar Gupta, Prabhat Sitholey
OBJECTIVE: To study the phenomenology, social, adaptive and global functioning of children and adolescents with OCD. BACKGROUND: Studies have shown varying prevalence of paediatric OCD ranging from 1% to 4%. Childhood-onset OCD have some important differences in sex distribution, presentation, co-morbidities and insight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 subjects (6 to ≤18 years) with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of OCD were included in this study. Subjects were evaluated using K-SADS-PL, Children's Y-BOCS, HoNOSCA, C-GAS and VABS-II...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Andreas Laddis, Paul F Dell, Marilyn Korzekwa
A total of 75 patients were diagnosed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders-Revised as having dissociative identity disorder (DID), and 100 patients were diagnosed with the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality as having borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both groups were administered the Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID). DID patients had significantly higher MID scores than BPD patients, different distributions of MID scores, and different MID subscale profiles in 3 ranges of MID scores (0-15, 15-30, 30-45)...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Maarit Virta, Jyrki Launes, Leena Valanne, Laura Hokkanen
OBJECTIVE: The middle interhemispheric variant of holoprosencephaly (MIHV) is a mild, rare variant of holoprosencephaly. Only a few cases of children with MIHV have been reported. Here we report in detail an adult case. METHOD: The patient is a female in her 30s. The patient underwent an extensive neuropsychological examination, a neurological examination and a magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Neuroradiologically, the patient had a typical finding of MIHV, with the absence of the central corpus callosum and union of posterior frontal and anterior parietal gyri...
August 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Paul F Dell
During the nineteenth century, high hypnotizability was considered to be a form of psychopathology that was inseparable from hysteria. Today, hypnotizability is considered to be a normal trait that has no meaningful relationship with psychopathology. Psychiatric patients generally manifest medium-to-low hypnotizability. Nevertheless, several psychiatric diagnoses are marked by an unexpectedly large proportion of patients with high hypnotizability. This is especially true of the diagnostic categories that were subsumed by the nineteenth-century concept of hysteria: Dissociative identity disorder, somatization disorder, and complex conversion disorders...
May 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Selwyn B Renard, Rafaele J C Huntjens, Paul H Lysaker, Andrew Moskowitz, André Aleman, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) and dissociative disorders (DDs) are described in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and tenth edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) as 2 categorically distinct diagnostic categories. However, several studies indicate high levels of co-occurrence between these diagnostic groups, which might be explained by overlapping symptoms. The aim of this systematic review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the research concerning overlap and differences in symptoms between schizophrenia spectrum and DDs...
January 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Rajeev Ranjan, Manju Mehta, Rajesh Sagar, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it has been suggested that children and adolescents with dissociative disorder have some cognitive deficits, the association of these cognitive impairments with adjustment difficulties has not been evaluated. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between cognitive functioning and adjustment difficulties in children and adolescents with dissociative disorder. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive assessment was carried out in the outpatient setting of child and adolescent psychiatric service in a tertiary care hospital...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Hareesh Angothu, Lokeswar Reddy Pabbathi
Dissociative fugue is rare entity to encounter with possible differentials of epilepsy and malingering. It is one of the dissociative disorders rarely seen in clinical practice more often because of the short lasting nature of this condition. This might also be because of organized travel of the individuals during the episodes and return to their families after the recovery from episodes. This is a case description of a patient who has experienced total three episodes of dissociative fugue. The patient has presented during the third episode and two prior episodes were diagnosed as fugue episodes retrospectively based on the history...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ilbin Kim, Daeho Kim, Hyun-Jin Jung
Although dissociative identity disorder (DID), the most severe of the dissociative disorders, has retained its own diagnostic entity since its introduction in the DSM-III, cases of DID are rarely seen in South and East Asia, likely due to the higher prevalence of possession disorder. We report two patients with DID who were recently admitted to our inpatient psychiatric unit and demonstrated distinct transitions to several identities. Their diagnoses were confirmed through a structured interview for dissociative disorders and possible differential diagnoses were ruled out by psychological, neuroimaging, and laboratory tests...
March 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
Colin A Ross, Elena Browning
A self-report version of the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule (SR-DDIS) was administered to 100 inpatients in a hospital-based Trauma Program. All participants had previously completed the interviewer-administered version of the interview schedule (DDIS). When comparing the overall results on the DDIS and SR-DDIS for the 100 inpatients, the findings were very consistent for both symptom clusters and DSM-5 diagnoses. The agreement rate between the two versions for DSM-5 diagnoses was fair to substantial using Cohen's kappa, with agreement being substantial for four out of the seven diagnoses made by the DDIS...
April 4, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Sunil Gupta, Nandita Hazari, Nidhi Malhotra
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concept of female Dhat syndrome characterized by the complaint of nonpathological vaginal discharge in association with somatic, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 26 female subjects with nonpathological vaginal discharge along with depressive and somatic complaints were assessed on a self-rated questionnaire modified from Comprehensive Questionnaire for Assessment of Dhat Syndrome designed for males...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Brian Holoyda, William Newman
Cults are charismatic groups defined by members' adherence to a set of beliefs and teachings that differ from those of mainstream religions. Cult beliefs may appear unusual or bizarre to those outside of the organization, which can make it difficult for an outsider to know whether a belief is cult-related or delusional. In accordance with these beliefs, or at the behest of a charismatic leader, some cult members may participate in violent crimes such as murder and later attempt to plead not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI)...
March 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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