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"essential tremor"

Robert D Shura, Robin A Hurley, Katherine H Taber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Derek B Archer, Stephen A Coombes, Winston T Chu, Jae Woo Chung, Roxana G Burciu, Michael S Okun, Aparna Wagle Shukla, David E Vaillancourt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Constantin Tuleasca, Jean Régis, Elena Najdenovska, Tatiana Witjas, Nadine Girard, Jean-Philippe Thiran, Meritxell Bach Cuadra, Marc Levivier, Dimitri Van De Ville
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Corrie R Camalier, Maureen McHugo, David H Zald, Joseph S Neimat
In addition to motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease (PD) involves significant non-motor sequelae, including disruptions in cognitive and emotional processing. Fear recognition appears to be affected both by the course of the disease and by a common interventional therapy, deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS). Here, we examined if these effects extend to other aspects of emotional processing, such as attentional capture by negative emotional stimuli. Performance on an emotional attentional blink (EAB) paradigm, a common paradigm used to study emotional capture of attention, was examined in a cohort of individuals with PD, both on and off STN-DBS therapy (n=20)...
2018: Journal of Neurological Disorders
Roberta Ferrucci, Ciara Di Nuzzo, Fabiana Ruggiero, Francesca Cortese, Ilaria Cova, Alberto Priori
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) might be a valuable therapeutic approach for neurological diseases by modifying the cortical activity in the human brain and promoting neural plasticity. Currently, researchers are exploring the use of NIBS on the cerebellum to promote functional neural changes in cerebellar disorders. In the presence of cerebellar dysfunction, several movement disorders, such as kinetic tremor, ataxia of gait, limb dysmetria and oculomotor deficits, become progressively more disabling in daily life, and no pharmacological treatments currently exist...
April 3, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Timothy D Matchen, Jeff Moehlis
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a common method of combating pathological conditions associated with Parkinson's disease, Tourette syndrome, essential tremor, and other disorders, but whose mechanisms are not fully understood. One hypothesis, supported experimentally, is that some symptoms of these disorders are associated with pathological synchronization of neurons in the basal ganglia and thalamus. For this reason, there has been interest in recent years in finding efficient ways to desynchronize neurons that are both fast-acting and low-power...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
Kelly V Naranjo, Jemin Park, Karen P Chen, Nora Hernandez, Lorraine N Clark, Ruth Ottman, Elan D Louis
Background: The search for essential tremor (ET) genes is active, and it is only a matter of time before genetic tests become available. Genetic testing preferences in families have been studied in numerous other neurological disorders but there are no published data about ET. Methods: We surveyed 34 ET probands and their relatives (43 affected, 28 unaffected) enrolled in our Family Study of Essential Tremor to assess their interest in genetic testing. We examined whether clinical factors influenced their interest in testing...
2018: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
Erin L Schaeffer, Daniel Y Liu, Julie Guerin, Minkyu Ahn, Shane Lee, Wael F Asaad
BACKGROUND: During the deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode implantation operation with microelectrode recordings (MER) in awake patients, somatotopic testing and test stimulation are performed to improve electrode placement and provide the most beneficial symptom reduction possible, while minimizing side effects. As this procedure is commonly used to alleviate abnormal movements associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Essential Tremor (ET), intraoperative assessment of a patient's movements is critical to optimizing surgical benefit...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Antonio Costantini
Essential tremor is a common neurological disease. The medical treatment of this affection currently involves the use of propranolol, primidone and other drugs. These drugs, however, are often not effective in reducing tremor and cause side effects in a large share of the patients treated. The treatment with intramuscular high-dose thiamine has led to a rapid, remarkable and persistent improvement of the symptoms in two patients with essential tremor. This result suggests the possibility that high doses of intramuscular thiamine may be an affordable alternative, highly effective and long-lasting medical treatment that has shown no relevant side effect...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Adeline S L Ng, Ebonne Y L Ng, Yi Jayne Tan, Kumar M Prakash, Wing Lok Au, Louis C S Tan, Eng-King Tan
Co-existence of Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET) may reflect overlapping pathophysiology underlying both conditions. Furthermore, PD patients with leucine-rich repeat kinase-2 (LRRK2) mutations may present with ET-like features, suggesting the possibility of common genetic underpinnings. Two common LRRK2 variants, R1398H and N551K, have been shown to be protective in multiple PD cohorts. We hypothesized that R1398H and N551K may show a similar effect in ET. In a case-control study involving 3198 subjects (2680 controls and 518 ET cases), R1398H was detected in 16...
March 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vibhor Krishna, Francesco Sammartino, Punit Agrawal, Barbara K Changizi, Eric Bourekas, Michael V Knopp, Ali Rezai
BACKGROUND: Focused ultrasound thalamotomy (FUS-T) was recently approved for the treatment of refractory essential tremor (ET). Despite its noninvasive approach, FUS-T reinitiated concerns about the adverse effects and long-term efficacy after lesioning. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively assess the outcomes of FUS-T in 10 ET patients using tractography-based targeting of the ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM). METHODS: VIM was identified at the intercommissural plane based on its neighboring tracts: the pyramidal tract and medial lemniscus...
March 21, 2018: Neurosurgery
Eric Cameron, Jonathan P Dyke, Nora Hernandez, Elan D Louis, Ulrike Dydak
INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor (ET) is increasingly recognized as a multi-dimensional disorder with both motor and non-motor features. For this reason, imaging studies are more broadly examining regions outside the cerebellar motor loop. Reliable detection of cerebral gray matter (GM) atrophy requires optimized processing, adapted to high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We investigated cerebral GM volume loss in ET cases using automated segmentation of MRI T1-weighted images...
March 10, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Kai-Hsiang Chen, Po-Chieh Lin, Bing-Shiang Yang, Yu-Jung Chen
In a spiral task, the accuracy of the spiral trajectory, which is affected by tracing or tracking ability, differs between patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). However, not many studies have analyzed velocity differences between the groups during this task. This study aimed to examine differences between the groups related to this characteristic using a tablet. Fourteen PD, 12 ET, and 12 control group participants performed two tasks: tracing a given spiral (T1) and following a guiding point (T2)...
March 23, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Andreas Nowacki, Jürgen Schlaier, Ines Debove, Claudio Pollo
OBJECTIVE The dentatorubrothalamic tract (DRTT) has been suggested as the anatomical substrate for deep brain stimulation (DBS)-induced tremor alleviation. So far, little is known about how accurately and reliably tracking results correspond to the anatomical DRTT. The objective of this study was to systematically investigate and validate the results of different tractography approaches for surgical planning. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed 4 methodological approaches for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-based fiber tracking using different regions of interest in 6 patients with essential tremor...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Sabato Santaniello, John T Gale, Sridevi V Sarma
Over the last 30 years, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been used to treat chronic neurological diseases like dystonia, obsessive-compulsive disorders, essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, and more recently, dementias, depression, cognitive disorders, and epilepsy. Despite its wide use, DBS presents numerous challenges for both clinicians and engineers. One challenge is the design of novel, more efficient DBS therapies, which are hampered by the lack of complete understanding about the cellular mechanisms of therapeutic DBS...
March 20, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
Sarah Schnitzler, Christian Johannes Hartmann, Stefan Jun Groiss, Lars Wojtecki, Alfons Schnitzler, Jan Vesper, Jan Hirschmann
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether high frequency oscillations (HFOs, >150 Hz), known to occur in basal ganglia nuclei, can be observed in the thalamus. METHODS: We recorded intraoperative local field potentials from the ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) of the thalamus in patients with Essential Tremor (N = 16), Parkinsonian Tremor (3), Holmes Tremor (2) and Dystonic Tremor (1) during implantation of electrodes for deep brain stimulation. Recordings were performed with up to five micro/macro-electrodes that were simultaneously advanced to the stereotactic target...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Elan D Louis, James H Meyers, Ashley D Cristal, Ruby Hickman, Pam Factor-Litvak
BACKGROUND: Endophenotypes are measurable clinical characteristics that may be present in individuals with increased risk for disease (e.g., unaffected family members). Endophenotypes are useful; they may clarify diagnosis in genetic studies and foster the development of animal models. In recent years, problems with balance and mild gait ataxia have been associated with essential tremor (ET). We compared gait and balance of first-degree relatives of ET cases (FD-ET) to that of age-matched controls (Co)...
March 13, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Evangelia Tsolaki, Angela Downes, William Speier, W Jeff Elias, Nader Pouratian
Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused UltraSound (MRgFUS) offers an incisionless approach to treat essential tremor (ET). Due to lack of evident internal anatomy on traditional structural imaging, indirect targeting must still be used to localize the lesion. Here, we investigate the potential predictive value of probabilistic tractography guided thalamic targeting by defining how tractography-defined targets, lesion size and location, and clinical outcomes interrelate. MR imaging and clinical outcomes from 12 ET patients that underwent MRgFUS thalamotomy in a pilot study at the University of Virginia were evaluated in this analysis...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Po-Chieh Lin, Kai-Hsiang Chen, Bing-Shiang Yang, Yu-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: Spiral drawing on papers is a common tremor evaluation tool for diagnosing patients with essential tremor (ET) or Parkinson's disease (PD). No standard drawing methods and parameters that use graphic tablets are yet available for objective evaluation. METHODS: This study established a tremor assessment system for tremor severity by using graphic tablets. Twelve patients with ET and twelve patients with PD were tested to establish system algorithms, and six additional patients were tested with the developed system to evaluate its performance...
March 9, 2018: BMC Neurology
Julián Benito-León, Virginia Mato-Abad, Elan D Louis, Juan Antonio Hernández-Tamames, Juan Álvarez-Linera, Félix Bermejo-Pareja, Ángela Domingo-Santos, Luis Collado, Juan Pablo Romero
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
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