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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422612/assessing-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-the-laboratory
#1
Brooke Ammerman, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
OBJECTIVES: The majority of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) research has used self- or clinician-rated measures of behavior which (a) are subject to reporting biases, or (b) have limited use in experimental designs which could illuminate causal relationships. Laboratory-based behavioral tasks have therefore been developed to assess NSSI-related behaviors more directly. METHODS: We reviewed the behavioral methods that have been developed to assess NSSI tendencies or behaviors over the past thirty-years...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#2
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413442/specific-coping-strategies-moderate-the-link-between-emotion-expression-deficits-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-an-inpatient-sample-of-adolescents
#3
Kristel Thomassin, Camille Guérin Marion, Myriam Venasse, Anne Shaffer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a behavior of increasing prevalence in adolescents with links to various negative mental health and adjustment outcomes. Poor emotion expression has been linked with NSSI use, whereas the use of adaptive coping strategies has been identified as a protective factor against NSSI. The current study examined whether specific coping strategies moderate the relation between poor emotion expression and NSSI, and whether moderation is conditional on adolescent gender...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380107/biting-myself-so-i-don-t-bite-the-dust-prevalence-and-predictors-of-deliberate-self-harm-and-suicide-ideation-in-azorean-youths
#4
Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, Marina Sousa, Joana Cabral
Objective: To characterize non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors, methods, and functions as well as suicide ideation in the adolescent population of a Portuguese community in São Miguel Island, Azores. Increasing rates of NSSI behaviors among adolescents have been observed globally, while suicidal behavior has been pointed as a major cause of death during adolescence. Methods: A sample of 1,763 adolescents, aged 14 to 22, was randomly drawn from public and private schools and administered a set of self-report questionnaires...
March 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362249/the-intersection-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-related-behavior-patterns-of-elevated-risk-and-implications-for-college-mental-health
#5
Robert J Cramer, Amanda C La Guardia, Claire Bryson, Kelley Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the overlap of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide-related behaviors (SRB) among college students with regard to demographics, mental health and coping styles. PARTICIPANTS: Respondents were 572 undergraduate students at a southwestern public university. METHODS: Data were collected in 2015. Respondents completed a demographic survey and assessments of NSSI, SRB, internalizing symptoms (i.e., anxiety, stress and depression), aggression, and negative coping strategies...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362222/motivation-for-and-use-of-social-networking-sites-comparisons-among-college-students-with-and-without-histories-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#6
Stephanie M Jarvi, Lance P Swenson, Kristen L Batejan
OBJECTIVE: This research examines potential differences in social network use and motivation for social network use by non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) status. PARTICIPANTS: 367 (73% female; Mage = 20.60) college students were recruited in November-December 2011. METHODS: A random sample of 2,500 students was accessed through a university registrar to recruit students interested in an online survey assessing NSSI and various health-related behaviors...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315191/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adolescence
#7
REVIEW
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a common mental health threat among adolescents. This review aims to present the current literature on epidemiology, etiology, and therapeutic approaches with a focus on the period of adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: NSSI is widespread among adolescents both in community as well as in clinical settings with lifetime prevalence rates between 17 and 60% in recent studies. It is influenced by multiple factors including social contagion, interpersonal stressors, neurobiological background, as well as emotional dysregulation and adverse experiences in childhood...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288307/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-mexican-young-adults-prevalence-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-dsm-5-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#8
Corina Benjet, Irene González-Herrera, Everardo Castro-Silva, Enrique Méndez, Guilherme Borges, Leticia Casanova, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#9
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261117/psychotropic-medication-and-substance-use-during-pregnancy-by-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Kate J Brameld, Assen Jablensky, Jenny Griffith, John Dean, Vera A Morgan
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic factors, alcohol and drug intake, and maternal health are known to be associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy for women with severe mental illness in addition to their use of psychotropic medication. In this study, we describe the demographic characteristics of women hospitalized for severe mental illness along with their use of medication and other drugs during the pregnancy period. METHODS: A clinical case note review of women with psychosis who were hospitalized at the State Psychiatric Hospital in Western Australia during 1966-1996, gave birth between 1980 and 1992, and received psychiatric treatment during the pregnancy period...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259033/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-investigation-of-complex-and-conflicting-emotions-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent behaviour among people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) but many aspects of the emotional changes that trigger and maintain this behaviour are unknown. This study examines the relationships between NSSI and the number of negative ('negative complex') and opposing valence ('conflicting') emotions. One hundred and seven youth (aged 15-25 years) with first-presentation BPD were assessed using a combination of self-report and ecological momentary assessment to investigate trait levels of emotional acceptance and in vivo changes in the number of negative complex and conflicting emotions before and after self-injurious thoughts and behaviours...
February 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247156/orbitofrontal-overactivation-in-reward-processing-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#12
Daniel Vega, Pablo Ripollés, Àngel Soto, Rafael Torrubia, Joan Ribas, Jose Antonio Monreal, Juan Carlos Pascual, Raymond Salvador, Edith Pomarol-Clotet, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a disabling and difficult-to-treat mental disease. One of its core features is a significant difficulty in affect regulation, which is often accompanied by Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). It is suggested that this type of behavior elicits positive emotions and mitigates emotional distress, and therefore can ultimately be reinforced and promoted. In spite of the high prevalence of NSSI behaviors (also in non-BPD samples), their role in modulating reward-related processes has not yet been investigated in BPD patients...
February 28, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220084/interactive-family-dynamics-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-psychiatric-adolescent-patients-a-single-case-study
#13
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is a common, multifaceted phenomenon among adolescents. Recent researchers have shown that a number of psychological and psychiatric correlates are implicated in the onset/repetition of NSSI, but those previous studies did not directly observe the family interaction patterns of this clinical population. In this paper, the quality of family interactions was observed using the Lausanne Trilogue Play procedure to deepen the specific interactive dimensions associated with NSSI in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#14
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#15
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193582/longitudinal-development-of-pain-sensitivity-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#16
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Maren Niederbäumer, Tabea Strozyk, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with reduced pain sensitivity (PS). Existing theories posit that altered PS is a risk factor for NSSI. Cross-sectional data suggest that PS normalizes in those terminating self-injury. However, previously no study addressed the longitudinal course of PS in patients engaging in NSSI. We addressed changes in PS and clinical symptomatology in adolescents with NSSI (n = 18) and matched controls (n = 19) over one year. Despite significant clinical improvements, PS did not change in the NSSI group but decreased in controls...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142107/non-suicidal-self-injury-within-the-school-context-multilevel-analysis-of-teachers-support-and-peer-climate
#17
N Madjar, S Ben Shabat, R Elia, N Fellner, M Rehavi, S E Rubin, N Segal, G Shoval
BACKGROUND: Recent studies regarding non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents have focused primarily on individual characteristics (e.g., depressive symptoms) and background factors (e.g., parental relationship), whereas less emphasis has been given to the role of school-related factors in NSSI. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to explore the relationships between teachers' support, peer climate, and NSSI within the school context. METHODS: The sample consisted of 594 high school students nested within 27 regular classes (54...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140729/association-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-with-substance-use-and-family-characteristics-among-children-and-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#18
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Oguzhan Zahmacioglu, Arzu Ciftci Demirci, Gizem Melissa Kocaman, Ayten Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies in youth and adults suggest strong association between substance use disorders and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. There is paucity of studies exploring the association of substance use with history of suicide attempts (HSA) and NSSI in children and adolescents in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the prevalence of NSSI and HSA and their relationship with substance use and family characteristics among youth seeking treatment for substance use in Turkey...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121237/screening-to-identify-groups-of-pediatric-emergency-department-patients-using-latent-class-analysis-of-reported-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-and-non-suicidal-self-injury
#19
Joanna Herres, Tamar Kodish, Joel Fein, Guy Diamond
Latent class analysis of medical records data from 3,523 emergency department (ED) patients (ages 14-24; 31% Caucasian; 67% female) distinguished six groups with varying histories of suicidal ideation and behavior based on items endorsed on the Behavioral Health Screen, a web based, nurse-initiated screening tool. As expected, the more severe suicidality groups reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, traumatic distress, and substance abuse symptoms. Findings support the validity of the BHS and its utility as a medical decision tool to help ED staff evaluate the severity of patients' suicidality...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#20
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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