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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548007/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-attachment-states-of-mind-and-non-suicidal-self-injury
#1
Jodi Martin, K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Glenn I Roisman
This investigation examined preoccupied attachment states of mind as both a risk factor for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and as a mechanism by which prospectively assessed childhood experiences of abuse and neglect predicted the frequency/severity of NSSI behavior up to age 26 years in 164 individuals (83 females) who were followed from birth in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. Preoccupied (but not dismissing) states of mind regarding both childhood caregivers and adult romantic partners were correlated with more frequent/severe NSSI...
May 26, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509661/the-relationship-between-interpersonal-trauma-history-and-the-functions-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-young-adults-an-experience-sampling-study
#2
Sarah Horowitz, Lana Stermac
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been reported to serve a range of functions for individuals who engage in it. Despite considerable variation in NSSI functions between individuals, limited attention has been paid to exploring relationships between NSSI functions and other characteristics of self-injuring individuals, such as trauma history. This is despite allusion to trauma history in the suggested etiology of some NSSI functions (e.g. anti-dissociation, self-punishment). The present study used a 21-day online daily diary to explore possible relationships between common NSSI functions and past interpersonal trauma in community young adults (n = 38)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487306/non-suicidal-self-injury-an-unexplored-cause-of-dental-trauma
#3
Sribala Naga Gantha, Mahesh Chinta, Pratej Kiran Kanumuri, Charishma Birra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471552/-self-injuring-a-symptom-retaining-our-attention
#4
REVIEW
L Fournier, A Malchair
Self-injuring is a process that usually occurs during adolescence; its prevalence has increased over recent years. Nowadays, nearly one out of six teenagers is concerned. The most frequent form is the «superficial» one and corresponds to the term NSSI (Non Suicidal Self Injury) recently mentioned in the third section of the DSM-5. More and more publicized, this practice may disturb. However, it reflects an underlying state of psychic suffering and should not be underestimated or dramatized. It has to be considered as a form of coping even if it is clearly damaging and, in some cases, may be connected to a higher suicidal risk...
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468644/self-injury-and-externalizing-pathology-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Gergely Meszaros, Lili Olga Horvath, Judit Balazs
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there is a growing scientific interest in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of the current paper was to review systematically the literature with a special focus on the associations between self-injurious behaviours and externalizing psychopathology. An additional aim was to review terminology and measurements of self-injurious behaviour and the connection between self-injurious behaviours and suicide in the included publications. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on 31st December 2016 in five databases (PubMed, OVID Medline, OVID PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science) with two categories of search terms (1...
May 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422612/assessing-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-the-laboratory
#6
Brooke Ammerman, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
OBJECTIVES: The majority of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) research has used self- or clinician-rated measures of behavior which (a) are subject to reporting biases, or (b) have limited use in experimental designs which could illuminate causal relationships. Laboratory-based behavioral tasks have therefore been developed to assess NSSI-related behaviors more directly. METHODS: We reviewed the behavioral methods that have been developed to assess NSSI tendencies or behaviors over the past thirty-years...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#7
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413442/specific-coping-strategies-moderate-the-link-between-emotion-expression-deficits-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-an-inpatient-sample-of-adolescents
#8
Kristel Thomassin, Camille Guérin Marion, Myriam Venasse, Anne Shaffer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a behavior of increasing prevalence in adolescents with links to various negative mental health and adjustment outcomes. Poor emotion expression has been linked with NSSI use, whereas the use of adaptive coping strategies has been identified as a protective factor against NSSI. The current study examined whether specific coping strategies moderate the relation between poor emotion expression and NSSI, and whether moderation is conditional on adolescent gender...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380107/biting-myself-so-i-don-t-bite-the-dust-prevalence-and-predictors-of-deliberate-self-harm-and-suicide-ideation-in-azorean-youths
#9
Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, Marina Sousa, Joana Cabral
Objective: To characterize non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors, methods, and functions as well as suicide ideation in the adolescent population of a Portuguese community in São Miguel Island, Azores. Increasing rates of NSSI behaviors among adolescents have been observed globally, while suicidal behavior has been pointed as a major cause of death during adolescence. Methods: A sample of 1,763 adolescents, aged 14 to 22, was randomly drawn from public and private schools and administered a set of self-report questionnaires...
March 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362249/the-intersection-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-related-behavior-patterns-of-elevated-risk-and-implications-for-college-mental-health
#10
Robert J Cramer, Amanda C La Guardia, Claire Bryson, Kelley Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the overlap of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide-related behaviors (SRB) among college students with regard to demographics, mental health, and coping styles. PARTICIPANTS: Respondents were 572 undergraduate students at a southwestern public university. METHODS: Data were collected in 2015. Respondents completed a demographic survey and assessments of NSSI, SRB, internalizing symptoms (ie, anxiety, stress, and depression), aggression, and negative coping strategies...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362222/motivation-for-and-use-of-social-networking-sites-comparisons-among-college-students-with-and-without-histories-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#11
Stephanie M Jarvi, Lance P Swenson, Kristen L Batejan
OBJECTIVE: This research examines potential differences in social network use and motivation for social network use by non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) status. PARTICIPANTS: 367 (73% women; Mage = 20.60) college students were recruited in November-December 2011. METHODS: A random sample of 2,500 students was accessed through a university registrar to recruit students interested in an online survey assessing NSSI and various health-related behaviors...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315191/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adolescence
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a common mental health threat among adolescents. This review aims to present the current literature on epidemiology, etiology, and therapeutic approaches with a focus on the period of adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: NSSI is widespread among adolescents both in community as well as in clinical settings with lifetime prevalence rates between 17 and 60% in recent studies. It is influenced by multiple factors including social contagion, interpersonal stressors, neurobiological background, as well as emotional dysregulation and adverse experiences in childhood...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288307/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-mexican-young-adults-prevalence-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-dsm-5-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#13
Corina Benjet, Irene González-Herrera, Everardo Castro-Silva, Enrique Méndez, Guilherme Borges, Leticia Casanova, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#14
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261117/psychotropic-medication-and-substance-use-during-pregnancy-by-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Kate J Brameld, Assen Jablensky, Jenny Griffith, John Dean, Vera A Morgan
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic factors, alcohol and drug intake, and maternal health are known to be associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy for women with severe mental illness in addition to their use of psychotropic medication. In this study, we describe the demographic characteristics of women hospitalized for severe mental illness along with their use of medication and other drugs during the pregnancy period. METHODS: A clinical case note review of women with psychosis who were hospitalized at the State Psychiatric Hospital in Western Australia during 1966-1996, gave birth between 1980 and 1992, and received psychiatric treatment during the pregnancy period...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259033/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-investigation-of-complex-and-conflicting-emotions-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent behaviour among people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) but many aspects of the emotional changes that trigger and maintain this behaviour are unknown. This study examines the relationships between NSSI and the number of negative ('negative complex') and opposing valence ('conflicting') emotions. One hundred and seven youth (aged 15-25 years) with first-presentation BPD were assessed using a combination of self-report and ecological momentary assessment to investigate trait levels of emotional acceptance and in vivo changes in the number of negative complex and conflicting emotions before and after self-injurious thoughts and behaviours...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247156/orbitofrontal-overactivation-in-reward-processing-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#17
Daniel Vega, Pablo Ripollés, Àngel Soto, Rafael Torrubia, Joan Ribas, Jose Antonio Monreal, Juan Carlos Pascual, Raymond Salvador, Edith Pomarol-Clotet, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a disabling and difficult-to-treat mental disease. One of its core features is a significant difficulty in affect regulation, which is often accompanied by Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). It is suggested that this type of behavior elicits positive emotions and mitigates emotional distress, and therefore can ultimately be reinforced and promoted. In spite of the high prevalence of NSSI behaviors (also in non-BPD samples), their role in modulating reward-related processes has not yet been investigated in BPD patients...
February 28, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220084/interactive-family-dynamics-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-psychiatric-adolescent-patients-a-single-case-study
#18
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is a common, multifaceted phenomenon among adolescents. Recent researchers have shown that a number of psychological and psychiatric correlates are implicated in the onset/repetition of NSSI, but those previous studies did not directly observe the family interaction patterns of this clinical population. In this paper, the quality of family interactions was observed using the Lausanne Trilogue Play procedure to deepen the specific interactive dimensions associated with NSSI in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#19
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#20
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
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