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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#2
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698352/frequency-and-preventative-interventions-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-primary-school-age-children-a-scoping-review-protocol
#3
Danai Bem, Charlotte Connor, Colin Palmer, Sunita Channa, Max Birchwood
INTRODUCTION: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour have been witnessed in children as young as 6-7 years of age, but while there are many reviews of preventative interventions for NSSI and suicide in adolescents, few have explored its prevalence in younger children and the potential impact of preventative interventions at this stage of life. NSSI and suicidal behaviour are an increasing concern in schools but school-based programmes can improve knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking behaviours and help prevent escalation of NSSI and later suicide...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693701/the-role-of-hopelessness-and-meaning-in-life-in-a-clinical-sample-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts
#4
Sandra Pérez Rodríguez, José H Marco Salvador, Joaquín García-Alandete
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts (SA) lie on a continuum of self-harm, and literature has shown that patients with suicidal intent constitute a more severe group. METHOD: This study aimed to explore differences in the facets of hopelessness (Beck Hopelessness Scale) and meaning in life (Purpose in Life Test) in a clinical sample of 150 patients with a diagnosis of a mental disorder with: a) no NSSI/SA, b) only NSSI, or c) SA/NSSI and SA...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692921/exploring-the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-borderline-personality-traits-in-young-adults
#5
Daniel Vega, Rafael Torrubia, Àngel Soto, Joan Ribas, Joaquim Soler, Juan Carlos Pascual, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent during late adolescence and young adulthood. There is some evidence of a link between NSSI and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), but little is known about the association between BPD traits and the various functions that maintain NSSI. The main purpose of this study was to explore the association between borderline personality traits and NSSI functions in a sample of college students. We also compared NSSI functions in college students who engaged in NSSI to those in an age-matched sample of BPD patients...
July 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648163/-self-injury-converting-emotional-distress-into-physical-pain
#6
Bo Møhl, Lotte Rubæk
Self-inflicted pain by cutting, hitting or burning oneself has become a common way to regulate emotions and to serve as coping strategy. 21.5-32% of adolescents in non-clinical populations have a history of non-suicidal self-injury. Non-suicidal self-injury has a momentarily relieving effect and is an important predictor of suicidal behaviour; even superficial self-injury should be taken seriously. There is an urgent need for organized treatment programmes for young people who self-harm.
June 26, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647667/self-esteem-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Rebecca L Forrester, Hayley Slater, Khowla Jomar, Susan Mitzman, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a self-destructive act that represents a considerable burden on the individual and society. Low self-esteem may be a psychological variable that is related to NSSI. However, little is known about the nature of this relationship in adulthood. This systematic review therefore aimed to provide a synthesis of the available literature on the relationship between self-esteem and NSSI. METHODS: Articles were independently identified and risk of bias assessed by two reviewers searching PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline and Web of Science databases...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646684/the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-alexithymia-in-borderline-personality-disorder-actions-instead-of-words
#8
Ellen Sleuwaegen, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Bernard Sabbe
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to effectively regulate emotions. A large amount of BPD patients engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Given the NSSI contributes to serious health risks, it is important to know why some BPD patients engage in NSSI and others do not. A possible associated factor of NSSI in BPD may be alexithymia, which reflects difficulties in identifying and communicating feelings. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate whether NSSI was associated with alexithymia and whether this association still stood when controlling for gender and depression...
August 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644927/testing-an-integrative-model-of-affect-regulation-and-avoidance-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-disordered-eating
#9
Nicholas L Anderson, Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Janis H Crowther
This research tested a model that integrates risk factors among non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and eating disorder (ED) behaviors with the aim of elucidating possible shared and unique mechanisms underlying both behaviors. Emotional distress, limited access to emotion regulation (ER) strategies, experiential avoidance, and NSSI/ED frequency were examined in a sample of 230 female undergraduates. Structural equation modeling indicated that limited access to ER strategies and avoidance mediated relationship between emotional distress and avoidance, which in turn was associated with NSSI and ED behaviors...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#10
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641147/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-women-firefighters-an-examination-of-associated-features-and-comparison-of-pre-career-and-career-prevalence-rates
#11
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Women protective service workers die by suicide at a higher rate than women workers in other occupational groups. However, no study has examined rates and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among women firefighters, despite the potential for these data to inform suicide screening, prevention, and intervention initiatives. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare pre-career and career rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and identify their sociodemographic and occupational correlates among women firefighters...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628767/multi-modal-neuroimaging-of-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#12
Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Bryon A Mueller, Lynn E Eberly, Kristina M Reigstad, Patricia A Carstedt, Kathleen M Thomas, Ruskin H Hunt, Kelvin O Lim, Kathryn R Cullen
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant mental health problem among adolescents. Research is needed to clarify the neurobiology of NSSI and identify candidate neurobiological targets for interventions. Based on prior research implicating heightened negative affect and amygdala hyperactivity in NSSI, we pursued a systems approach to characterize amygdala functional connectivity networks during rest (resting-state functional connectivity [RSFC)]) and a task (task functional connectivity [TFC]) in adolescents with NSSI...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610467/longitudinal-covariance-of-resting-state-cardiac-function-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#13
Julian Koenig, Sindy Weise, Lena Rinnewitz, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac function is altered in borderline personality disorder (BPD). In adolescents with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) resting heart rate (HR) and vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) are associated with BPD symptoms. The study aimed to investigate longitudinal covariance of BPD symptoms and cardiac function in adolescent NSSI. METHODS: HR and vmHRV were recorded in female adolescents with NSSI (n = 17) completing a baseline and one-year follow-up assessment...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601695/thoughts-images-and-appraisals-associated-with-acting-and-not-acting-on-the-urge-to-self-injure
#14
Peter M McEvoy, Sarra Hayes, Penelope A Hasking, Clare S Rees
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the frequency, content, and appraisals of thoughts and images occurring during urges to engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). METHOD: Undergraduates (N = 154) with a history of NSSI completed an online survey of their thoughts, images, and appraisals when they acted on urges to engage in NSSI as well as when they resisted urges to self-injure. RESULTS: Most (>90%) participants reported experiencing both thoughts and images during urges to engage in NSSI...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587863/the-mediating-effect-of-depressive-symptoms-on-the-relationship-between-bullying-victimization-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-adolescents-findings-from-community-and-inpatient-mental-health-settings-in-ontario-canada
#15
Philip Baiden, Shannon L Stewart, Barbara Fallon
Although bullying victimization has been linked to a number of behavioral and emotional problems among adolescents, few studies have investigate the mechanism through which bullying victimization affect non-suicidal self-injury. The objectives of this study were to examine the effect of bullying victimization on non-suicidal self-injury and the mediating effect of depressive symptoms on the relationship between bullying victimization and non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents. Data for this study came from the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health dataset...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584693/interactive-voice-response-and-text-based-self-report-versions-of-the-electronic-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-are-equivalent
#16
Chad Gwaltney, James C Mundt, John H Greist, Jean Paty, Brian Tiplady
Objectives: Our study objective was to compare the equivalence of a new version of the electronic Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale that was administered on a tablet device with the existing interactive voice response version in order to support the prospective monitoring of suicidal ideation and behavior in clinical trials and clinical practice. Design: This was a randomized, crossover-equivalence study with no treatment intervention. Setting: The study setting was a psychiatric hospital. Participants: Fifty-eight recently admitted psychiatric inpatients and 28 employees of the hospital site were included in the study...
March 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581540/self-injury-placement-in-mental-disorders-classifications-risk-factors-and-primary-mechanisms-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Ewa Racicka, Anita Bryńska
Self-injury is a common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults, however its prevalence in clinical population is estimated at 40-80%, especially in regard to patients during puberty. Symptoms usually appear between 12th and 14th year of age, and their average duration is approx. 2 years. According to accepted sociocultural norms self-injury can be regarded as a normal behavior. Nevertheless, the prevalence of body art phenomenon in Western culture including professional tattooing, piercing, scarification, burning tattoos and other body modification typical for tribal cultures, has forced the need to redefine the boundaries for normative behavior...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579492/characterizing-the-course-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Richard T Liu
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has received increasing recognition as a clinically significant phenomenon. Although in most individuals who engage in NSSI, this behavior is short-lived, for a significant proportion of these individuals, NSSI follows a chronic course. There is a need for research advancing our understanding of the mechanisms of risk for NSSI, and how these mechanisms may change over time to account for the persistence of this behavior. In the current paper, a conceptual framework is proposed for characterizing the processes underlying the transition from initial engagement in NSSI to a chronic trajectory of this behavior...
June 1, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565940/exposure-to-suicide-behaviour-and-individual-risk-of-self-harm-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-new-zealand-high-school-survey
#19
Song Chan, Simon Denny, Theresa Fleming, Sarah Fortune, Roshini Peiris-John, Ben Dyson
PURPOSE: To examine whether there is an association between students self-reported suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-injury and exposure to suicidal behaviour among friends, family members or within school communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative health and well-being survey of 8500 New Zealand high school students conducted from March through November 2012. Students' self-reported suicide attempts and repeated non-suicidal self-injury was examined in relation to student reports of self-harming behaviour among friends and family as well as data from school administrators of completed suicides within the school community...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555056/functional-coping-dynamics-and-experiential-avoidance-in-a-community-sample-with-no-self-injury-vs-non-suicidal-self-injury-only-vs-those-with-both-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour
#20
Emma Nielsen, Kapil Sayal, Ellen Townsend
Although emotional avoidance may be a critical factor in the pathway from psychological distress to self-injury and/or suicidality, little is known about the relative importance of differing functional coping dynamics and experiential avoidance between people with self-injury histories of differing intent (e.g., Non-Suicidal Self-Injury only vs. Non-Suicidal Self-Injury plus Suicidal Behaviour; NSSI vs. NSSI + SB). A community-based survey (N = 313; female, 81%; ages 16-49 years, M = 19.78, SD = 3.48) explored self-reported experiential avoidance and functional coping dynamics in individuals with (i) no self-injury history (controls); (ii) a history of NSSI only; and (iii) a history of NSSI + SB...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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