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"suicidal ideation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020574/suicidal-and-help-seeking-behaviors-among-youth-in-an-online-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-and-questioning-social-network
#1
Megan C Lytle, Vincent M B Silenzio, Christopher M Homan, Phoenix Schneider, Eric D Caine
LGBTQ youth have a great burden for suicidal ideation/behavior compared to their non-LGBTQ peers. While scholars have explored risk factors for suicidal behaviors, little is known about protective factors among LGBTQ youth, let alone within group differences in terms of help-seeking. Data were collected from 203 TrevorSpace (e.g., a social network for LGBTQ youth) users via online survey to examine suicidal and help-seeking behaviors among LGBTQ individuals. Among participants who reported suicidal ideation/behavior, a large proportion did not seek help (73...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016669/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicide-risk-among-adult-outpatients-at-several-general-hospitals-in-a-chinese-han-population
#2
Haiyan Li, Xinni Luo, Xiaoyin Ke, Qing Dai, Wei Zheng, Chanjuan Zhang, Ryan M Cassidy, Jair C Soares, XiangYang Zhang, Yuping Ning
BACKGROUND: Somatic complaints are often the presenting symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) in the outpatient context, because this may go unrecognized. It is well understood that MDD carries an increased risk of suicide. This study aimed to identify the risk factors and association with both MDD and suicidality among Han Chinese outpatients. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out in 5189 outpatient adults (≥18 years old) in four general hospitals in Guangzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993875/suicidality-is-a-common-and-serious-feature-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#3
Le Zhang, Josemir W Sander, Lan Zhang, Xin-Yue Jiang, Wei Wang, Kun Shuang, Ammar Taha Abdullah Abdulaziz, Meng-Qian Wu, Xiao-Sa Chi, Jin-Mei Li, Dong Zhou
We aimed to assess suicidality risk amongst people who had had anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. All people with a definitive diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in West China Hospital between June 2012 and February 2017 were identified and their notes were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic and clinical characteristics and risk predictors for suicidality were summarized; those with suicidality were compared to those without. 17 of 133 people (13%) presented with suicidality symptoms: 7 (5%) with suicidal ideation; 8 (6%) who attempted suicide; and 2 (1...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#4
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992754/suicidal-ideation-and-related-factors-among-korean-high-school-students-a-focus-on-cyber-addiction-and-school-bullying
#5
Min Sohn, Heymin Oh, Sang-Kyu Lee, Marc N Potenza
The purpose of the study was to explore the association among suicidal ideation, cyber addiction, and school bullying of Korean high school students. This descriptive cross-sectional study included 416 students. The data were collected using structured questionnaires on suicidal ideation, Internet and smartphone addiction, experiences of school bullying, impulsiveness, and depression. Students who were bullied (odds ratio [ OR] = 3.0, 95% CI [1.1, 8.4]) and more depressed ( OR = 10.8, 95% CI [2.4, 48.2]) were more likely to have higher scores for suicidal ideation; however, when a lower stringency was used, female gender ( OR = 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992551/practical-capability-the-impact-of-handgun-ownership-among-suicide-attempt-survivors
#6
Claire Houtsma, Michael D Anestis
Suicide is a leading cause of death and represents a serious public health concern. However, our ability to predict its occurrence has not improved over the last 50 years and we continue to rely on past suicidal behavior as the most robust predictor of future suicidal behavior. Recent theories have emphasized the role of contextual factors that increase capability to act on suicidal thoughts, including access to and familiarity with lethal means. We sought to examine the impact of handgun ownership, a component of practical capability as defined by the Three-Step Theory, on the relationship between past week suicidal ideation and perceived likelihood of making a future suicide attempt within a community sample of previous suicide attempters...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990863/when-doctors-struggle-current-stressors-and-evaluation-recommendations-for-physicians-contemplating-suicide
#7
Elizabeth Brooks, Michael H Gendel, Sarah R Early, Doris C Gundersen
OBJECTIVE: Document current risk factors associated with physicians' suicide ideation among a group of doctors enrolled in a Physician Health Program. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study drawn from administrative data. Compared intake information between doctors who reported recent thoughts of suicide (n = 70) and those who did not (n = 1,572) using adjusted regression analysis. RESULTS: Current stressors included personal, financial, health and occupational problems; ideation was more likely with multiple stressors...
October 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990825/perceived-stress-and-intent-to-die-in-young-soldiers-who-attempt-suicide
#8
Leah Shelef, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Nirit Yavnai, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Intent to die is an important component of suicide risk assessment. The authors compared the predictive effect of two forms of stress - military and perceived - in intent to die by suicide among young adult Israeli soldiers with a history of suicide attempts. Depression, suicide ideation, and habituation/acquired capacity for suicidality served as covariates. METHODS: Participants were 60 young adult soldiers in the Israeli Defense Force (ISF; aged 18-21 years), who made a suicide attempt during their military service...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989706/standard-12-month-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-in-a-public-community-mental-health-setting
#9
Daniel Flynn, Mary Kells, Mary Joyce, Paul Corcoran, Conall Gillespie, Catalina Suarez, Mareike Weihrauch, Padraig Cotter
BACKGROUND: Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is noted to be an intervention with a growing body of evidence that demonstrates its efficacy in treating individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Evidence for the effectiveness of DBT in publicly funded community mental health settings is lacking however. No study to our knowledge has been published on the effectiveness of a 12 month standard DBT programme without adaptations for individuals with BPD in a publicly funded community mental health setting and no study has included data across multiple time-points...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985975/mental-health-screening-of-medically-admitted-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Georgina Garcia, Carolyn Snell, Gregory Sawicki, Laura E Simons
BACKGROUND: Multi-national studies have identified an increased risk for depression and anxiety among the cystic fibrosis population. People with cystic fibrosis and depression have decreased lung function, adherence, and quality of life, and increased health care utilization. This is a pilot study of mental health screening and referral of patients with cystic fibrosis in a large tertiary medical center. OBJECTIVE: Patients with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis aged 8 and older, medically admitted to a tertiary hospital, were screened for eligibility and offered mental health screening for depression and anxiety...
August 30, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985956/psychiatric-adverse-events-during-treatment-with-brodalumab-analysis-of-psoriasis-clinical-trials
#11
Mark G Lebwohl, Kim A Papp, Lauren B Marangell, John Koo, Andrew Blauvelt, Melinda Gooderham, Jashin J Wu, Shipra Rastogi, Susan Harris, Radhakrishnan Pillai, Robert J Israel
BACKGROUND: Individuals with psoriasis are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidities, including suicidal ideation and behavior (SIB). OBJECTIVE: To distinguish between the underlying risk and potential for treatment-induced psychiatric adverse events in patients with psoriasis being treated with brodalumab, a fully human anti-interleukin 17 receptor A monoclonal antibody. METHODS: Data were evaluated from a placebo-controlled, phase 2 clinical trial; the open-label, long-term extension of the phase 2 clinical trial; and three phase 3, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials (AMAGINE-1, AMAGINE-2, and AMAGINE-3) and their open-label, long-term extensions of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984613/the-impact-of-family-history-on-the-clinical-features-of-huntington-s-disease
#12
Gabe Kringlen, Lisa Kinsley, Sharon Aufox, Gerald Rouleau, Danny Bega
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder. In most cases the disease is inherited from a parent, although a considerable number of affected persons have no reported family history of the disease. While CAG repeat length is negatively correlated with age of symptom onset, variability exists suggesting that other variables may influence symptom onset. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine whether awareness of a family history of HD has an impact on symptom onset and disease manifestations...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Huntington's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984477/pediatric-pharmacoepidemiology-safety-and-effectiveness-of-medicines-for-adhd
#13
Antonio Clavenna, Maurizio Bonati
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder in children and adolescents that comprises core symptoms of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. Stimulant (methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non stimulant (atomoxetine, clonidine and guanfacine) are the treatment usually prescribed for ADHD. Area covered: This review covers the safety of ADHD medications in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched with the aim to retrieve prospective studies that monitored the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in children receiving drug therapy for ADHD...
October 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982138/a-count-of-coping-strategies-a-longitudinal-study-investigating-an-alternative-method-to-understanding-coping-and-adjustment
#14
Taylor Heffer, Teena Willoughby
Researchers recently have suggested that coping flexibility (i.e., an individual's ability to modify and change coping strategies depending on the context) may be an important way to investigate coping. The availability of numerous coping strategies may be an important precursor to coping flexibility, given that flexibility can only be obtained if an individual is able to access and use different coping strategies. Typically, studies examining the use of coping strategies compute means-based analyses, which assess not only what strategies are used but also how much they are used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980749/life-experiences-of-elderly-people-with-suicide-ideation-at-the-long-term-care-hospitals-in-south-korea
#15
Ok Sun Kim, Sohyune R Sok
OBJECTIVE: To understand the life experiences of elderly people who are living in long-term care hospitals and are afflicted with suicide ideation. METHODS: A phenomenological qualitative methodology based on Colaizzi's method was used for the study. Participants included 9 elderly people who are 65 years old or older with suicidal ideas and were admitted in any of the 3 long-term care hospitals in D City, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Data were collected from July to December 2014...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979648/screening-of-the-unrecognised-bipolar-disorders-among-outpatients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study-in-psychiatric-hospital-in-morocco
#16
Oneib Bouchra, Sabir Maria, Ouanass Abderazak
The bipolar disorder is often misdiagnosed in particular among outpatients with recurrent depression. Indeed, this work confirmed that the unrecognised bipolar disorder is common among depressed outpatients, which were younger, unemployed, single or divorced with a low socio-economic level. These socio-demographics data gives us an idea about the disability experienced by the unknown bipolar patients. Also, we demonstrate that the under-diagnosis bipolar disorder was associated with the earliest onset age of a depressive episode and it was more prevalent in depressed patients with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979644/-evaluation-of-burnout-syndrome-among-doctors-in-training-at-the-ibn-rochd-university-hospital-casablanca
#17
Assiya El Kettani, Zineb Serhier, Mohammed Bennani Othmani, Mohamed Agoub, Omar Battas
METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of 300 physicians using self-administered questionnaire over the period 2013- 2014. Burnout has been operationally defined through a French translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). RESULTS: A total of 191 physicians participated in the study (response rate 63.7%) with a female predominance at 79.1% and an average age of 26.7 years (N = 3). The average scores of sub-dimensions of the MBI: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfilment were (33...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974168/psychological-health-among-chinese-college-students-a-rural-urban-comparison
#18
Jie Zhang, Qing Qi, Robert P Delprino
The literature on suicide among the Chinese indicates that younger individuals from rural areas are at higher risk of suicide than their urban counterparts. While earlier studies have investigated the relationship between psychological health and major demographic variables, the relationship of psychological health as it relates to suicide by those from urban and rural areas have been rare. Studying the psychological health of college students from rural China in comparison with students who originate from urban areas may shed light on the mental health disparities of the two populations...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972296/adolescent-predictors-of-incidence-and-persistence-of-suicide-related-outcomes-in-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mexican-youth
#19
Corina Benjet, David Menendez, Yesica Albor, Guilherme Borges, Ricardo Orozco, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
In recent years, Mexico has seen one of the largest increases in suicide rates worldwide, especially among adolescents and young adults. This study uses data from the 1,071 respondents who participated in a two-wave longitudinal study when they were between 12 and 17 years of age, and again when they were between 19 and 26 years of age. The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed suicidal behavior and DSM-IV mental disorders. We used Cox regressions to evaluate which sociodemographic and psychiatric factors and life events predicted the incidence and remission of suicide ideation, plan, and attempt throughout the 8-year span...
October 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971701/high-prevalence-of-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders-among-persons-seeking-treatment-for-hiv-and-other-stis-in-jamaica-a-short-report
#20
Sharlene Beckford Jarrett, Winston De La Haye, Zahra Miller, J Peter Figueroa, Jacqueline Duncan, Kevin Harvey
This cross-sectional study explored the range of psychiatric and substance use disorders and unmet need for mental health care among 84 HIV-positive and 44 HIV-negative public clinic attendees in Jamaica. We used a brief interviewer-administered diagnostic tool, the Client Diagnostic Questionnaire. Two-thirds (65.6%) screened positive for at least one psychiatric disorder; 30.5% screened positive for multiple disorders. The most common disorders were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (41.4%), alcohol abuse (22...
October 3, 2017: AIDS Care
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