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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677571/body-dissatisfaction-and-suicidal-ideation-among-psychiatric-inpatients-with-eating-disorders
#1
Katrina A Rufino, Humsini Viswanath, Rebecca Wagner, Michelle A Patriquin
The current study the relationship between eating disorders (EDs) and suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in adult inpatients. In particular, the present study investigated one potential mechanism, body dissatisfaction (BD), which may contribute to increased risk for suicide in adult ED patients. A sample of 432 psychiatric inpatients ranging from 18 to 65 years of age participated in the current study. Findings indicated that patients who have higher levels of BD also had higher levels of passive and active suicidal ideation and previous suicide attempts...
April 6, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676507/dimensions-of-religion-associated-with-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-in-depressed-religiously-affiliated-patients
#2
Matthias Jongkind, Bart van den Brink, Hanneke Schaap-Jonker, Nathan van der Velde, Arjan W Braam
There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS)...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676496/suicide-ideation-in-female-survivors-of-military-sexual-trauma-the-trauma-source-matters
#3
Rebecca K Blais, Lindsey L Monteith
Female veterans who have experienced military sexual trauma (MST) are at elevated suicide risk, yet knowledge is limited regarding correlates of suicide ideation (SI) in this population. MST is associated with a higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) relative to other trauma types; however, no studies have examined whether experiencing SI differs based on the source of PTSD symptoms (MST-related, non-MST-related). Female service members/veterans (SM/Vs; n = 311) who screened positive for MST and reported exposure to a Criterion A event completed an online survey assessing self-reported demographics, PTSD, depression, the source of their PTSD symptoms, and SI...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676494/the-association-between-anhedonia-suicide-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-a-replication-in-a-persian-student-sample
#4
Ahmad Daghigh, Vahid Daghigh, Mohsen Niazi, Michael R Nadorff
Research suggests that anhedonia, a common symptom of depression, may be uniquely associated with suicidal behavior. However, little research has examined this association across cultures. To address this limitation, this study attempted to replicate a recent anhedonia and suicide study (conducted in a western culture) in a Persian sample using the Specific Loss of Interest and Pleasure Scale, Persian version. Participants consisted of 404 students who were recruited from a Persian university. Surprisingly, our results indicated that anhedonia levels were more than double those found in similar American student sample...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#5
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674980/decision-making-in-suicidal-behavior-the-protective-role-of-loss-aversion
#6
Gergö Hadlaczky, Sebastian Hökby, Anahit Mkrtchian, Danuta Wasserman, Judit Balazs, Núria Machín, Marco Sarchiapone, Merike Sisask, Vladimir Carli
Background: Loss aversion is a central and well operationalized trait behavior that describes the tendency for humans to strongly prefer avoiding losses to making equivalent gains. Human decision-making is thus biased toward safer choices. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between loss aversion and suicidal behavior in a large cohort of adolescents recruited in 30 schools of seven European countries for a longitudinal study (Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN65120704)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674305/self-harm-suicidal-behaviours-and-cyberbullying-in-children-and-young-people-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Ann John, Alexander Charles Glendenning, Amanda Marchant, Paul Montgomery, Anne Stewart, Sophie Wood, Keith Lloyd, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Given the concerns about bullying via electronic communication in children and young people and its possible contribution to self-harm, we have reviewed the evidence for associations between cyberbullying involvement and self-harm or suicidal behaviors (such as suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts) in children and young people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the current evidence examining the association between cyberbullying involvement as victim or perpetrator and self-harm and suicidal behaviors in children and young people (younger than 25 years), and where possible, to meta-analyze data on the associations...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673253/depression-poverty-and-abuse-experience-in-suicide-ideation-among-older-koreans
#8
Shin-Young Lee, Madhu Sudhan Atteraya
We examined to what extent the depression, poverty, and elder abuse experience affect suicide ideation among older Koreans. The data from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons were used. A sample of 10,279 members was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger old (65-69 years) were more likely to have suicide ideation that oldest old (80 years and older). After including all predicting variables such as depression, poverty, and abuse experience, results showed that depression, poverty, and abuse experience remained predictors for suicide ideation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672475/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-students-in-grades-8-10-and-12-utah-2015
#9
Marissa L Zwald, Francis B Annor, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela C Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Ivey-Stephenson
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youths are important public health concerns in Utah, where the suicide rate among youths consistently exceeds the national rate and has been increasing for nearly a decade (1). In March 2017, CDC was invited to assist the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) with an investigation to characterize the epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behaviors and identify risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors, among youths aged 10-17 years. This report presents findings related to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among Utah youths...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672080/testing-the-predictions-of-the-existential-constructivist-theory-of-suicide-in-a-college-student-sample
#10
Jennifer D Lockman, Heather L Servaty-Seib
There is a lack of empirically supported theories explaining suicidal ideation and few theories describe how suicidal ideation can be prevented in the context of normative human development. Rogers (2001) proposed an existential constructivist theory of suicide (ECTS) wherein existential distress and the inability to reconstruct meaning from adverse life events contribute to suicidal ideation. The ECTS includes a distinct focus on meaning reconstruction from adverse life events, which is congruent with existing research on college students and developmental frameworks used by counseling psychologists...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669496/presentations-to-nsw-emergency-departments-with-self-harm-suicidal-ideation-or-intentional-poisoning-2010-2014
#11
Jayashanki Perera, Timothy Wand, Kendall J Bein, Dane Chalkley, Rebecca Ivers, Katharine S Steinbeck, Robyn Shields, Michael M Dinh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate population trends in presentations for mental health problems presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in New South Wales during 2010-2014, particularly patients presenting with suicidal ideation, self-harm, or intentional poisoning. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective, descriptive analysis of linked Emergency Department Data Collection registry data for presentations to NSW public hospital EDs over five calendar years, 2010-2014...
April 23, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#12
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667539/self-criticism-neediness-and-distress-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-ideation-results-from-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-studies
#13
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Cristina Baleizão, Berta Caçador, Ana Sofia Fragata
The aim of the present study was to test whether the maladaptive personality traits of self-criticism and neediness predict suicide ideation when controlling for general distress. Further, potential interactive effects on suicide ideation of the two traits and distress were also evaluated. Two studies with nonclinical samples were conducted. The first investigation was cross-sectional and involved a final sample of 202 community adults while the second study was longitudinal with a final sample of 207 college students...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665567/psychological-health-challenges-of-the-hill-tracts-region-for-climate-change-in-bangladesh
#14
Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be felt at both the individual and community levels, with psychological health outcomes ranging from psychological distress, depression, and anxiety, to increased addictions and suicide rates...
April 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665517/depression-and-impulsiveness-among-soldiers-who-died-by-suicide-a-psychological-autopsy-study
#15
Leah Shelef, Neta Korem, Nirit Yavnai, Rinat Yedidya, Keren Ginat, Golan Shahar, Assaf Yacobi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the accumulated knowledge about suicide, suicidal acts remain difficult to predict, and many suicides are acted out impulsively. METHODS: We performed a psychological autopsy study based on inquiries about the deaths of all male soldiers aged 18-21 years who served in the Israeli army and died by suicide between 2009 and 2013 (n = 69). The study population was first divided into two groups: those who had depressive disorder (n = 31); and those who did not (n = 38)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665516/-cool-and-hot-executive-functions-in-suicide-attempters-with-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Ming-Chou Ho, Yi-Chieh Hsu, Mong-Liang Lu, Michael Gossop, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
RATIONALE: The World Health Organization reports that, by 2030, depression is expected to be the largest contributor to disease burden. Only small proportion of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieves remission and the majority of them do not achieve long-term functional recovery. One of the neuropsychological domains that have been shown to be particularly impaired in depression, is that of executive function (EF). OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the patients with MDD with and without suicide attempts had deteriorated 'cool' EF and 'hot' EF...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665515/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-extended-inpatient-treatment-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-an-examination-of-treatment-response-remission-and-deterioration
#17
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: Experts express reluctance to hospitalize patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) for more than a few days, arguing that extended inpatient care leads to deterioration and adverse events. To date, there is no empirical support for these assertions. AIMS: The current study examined the assumption of iatrogenic effects among BPD adults. METHODS: Clinically significant and reliable change in symptoms, functional capacities, and adverse events were quantified for both inpatients with BPD (n = 245) and a well-matched inpatient reference (n = 220) sample...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665163/lowered-quality-of-life-in-mood-disorders-is-associated-with-increased-neuro-oxidative-stress-and-basal-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-use-of-anticonvulsant-mood-stabilizers
#18
Caroline Sampaio Nunes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Juliana Brum Moraes, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, George Anderson, Luiz Gustavo Piccoli de Melo, Stoyanov Drozdstoj, Estefania Moreira, André F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
RATIONALE, AIMS: Major affective disorders including bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Oxidative stress and subtle thyroid abnormalities may play a pathophysiological role in both disorders. Thus, the current study was performed to examine whether neuro-oxidative biomarkers and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels could predict HRQoL in BD and MDD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 68 BD and 37 MDD patients and 66 healthy controls...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665120/determinants-and-predictive-value-of-clinician-assessment-of-short-term-suicide-risk
#19
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Irina Kopeykina, Firouz Ardalan, Paul Rosenfield, James Murrough, Igor Galynker
We examine the interrelations among clinicians' judgment of patients' suicide risk, clinicians' emotional responses, and standard risk factors in the short-term prediction of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Psychiatric outpatients (n = 153) with a lifetime history of suicide ideation/attempt and their treating clinicians (n = 67) were evaluated at intake. Clinicians completed a standard suicide risk instrument (modified SAD PERSONS scale), a 10-point Likert scale assessment of judgment of patient suicide risk (Clinician Prediction Scale), and a measure of their emotional responses to the patient (Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form)...
April 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665073/suicidal-ideation-in-lung-transplant-recipients-a-case-series
#20
Lauren Z Rynar, Mekhala S Merchant, Daniel F Dilling
BACKGROUND: Suicidality, a term referring to suicidal ideation and/or suicide attempts, has been understudied in lung transplant recipients, despite the well-documented period of high-stress following transplantation. Understanding the full clinical picture of psychiatric morbidity before and after lung transplant is vital to supporting survival. METHODS: Suicidality among lung transplant recipients was examined through case studies of five lung transplant recipients at Loyola University Medical Center in Chicago, IL...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
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