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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#1
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
January 31, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474547/suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-women-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-and-trauma-symptoms
#2
Stella M Resko, Sarah Kruman Mountain, Suzanne Browne, David C Kondrat, Michael Kral
Substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder have been associated with suicide. Through secondary analysis of the screening data from the Women and Trauma Study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network, the present study examined rates and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among women who sought treatment for substance use and trauma at seven outpatient substance use programs. The sample included women between the ages of 18 and 65 years (M = 39...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470851/the-relation-between-descriptive-norms-suicide-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-adolescents
#3
Jazmin A Reyes-Portillo, Alison M Lake, Marjorie Kleinman, Madelyn S Gould
This study examined the relationship between adolescents' beliefs about the prevalence of youth suicide ideation (ideation descriptive norms) and suicide attempts (attempt descriptive norms) with self-reported suicide ideation and attempts. Descriptive norms, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts as well as gender, race/ethnicity, and exposure to family, peer, and others' suicide were assessed in 2,109 students at six suburban New York State high schools. After controlling for demographic variables and exposure to suicide, elevated ideation descriptive norms and attempt descriptive norms were associated with higher rates of suicide ideation and lifetime suicide attempts among adolescents...
February 22, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470532/psychosocial-health-and-suicidal-ideation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nanjing-china
#4
Wei Wang, Chenchang Xiao, Xing Yao, Yinmei Yang, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have higher rates of suicidal behavior than the general population. This study assessed the prevalence and verified the syndemic effect of psychosocial health conditions on suicidal ideation among PLWHA in China. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August 2016 in Nanjing, China, using a self-report questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469673/forgiveness-depression-and-suicidal-behavior-in-adolescents-gender-differences-in-this-relationship
#5
Cirenia Quintana-Orts, Lourdes Rey
With the development of positive psychology, protective factors have received increased attention as buffers against suicidal ideation and attempts and against the risk factors for suicide (e.g., depressive symptoms). Empirical evidence suggests that one of the protective factors associated with depression and suicide is forgiveness. Although previous studies have demonstrated a negative association between forgiveness and risk of suicide, studies on gender differences in adolescents are still scarce. Thus, the authors assessed the moderating role of gender in a sample of adolescents...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469667/10-year-outcome-of-suicidal-behavior-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
Prospective predictors of suicide attempts were assessed in 118 subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD) after 10 or more years of follow-up. Mean (SD) time to follow-up was 14.4 (4.7) years. Subjects were predominately female (78.8%), Caucasian (81.4%), and of lower socioeconomic status. Initial recruitment was evenly balanced between inpatient, outpatient, and non-patient (community) sources. In the 10-year interval, 55 subjects (46.6%) attempted suicide. Compared to baseline, suicidal ideation, number of attempts, and non-suicidal self-injury diminished markedly...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466117/childhood-maltreatment-self-esteem-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-low-ses-emerging-adult-sample-the-moderating-role-of-heart-rate-variability
#7
Erinn Bernstein Duprey, Assaf Oshri, Sihong Liu
Objectives Childhood maltreatment is associated with risk for suicidal ideation later in life, yet more research is needed on the indirect effects and bioregulatory protective factors in this association. The present study aimed to investigate the indirect influence of childhood maltreatment on suicidal ideation in emerging adulthood via level of self-esteem, and examine the moderating role of heart rate variability (HRV; a proxy for emotion regulation) in this indirect association. Methods The study included a sample of 167 non-metropolitan emerging adults (Mage  = 21...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465285/depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-irish-undergraduate-college-students
#8
Aine Horgan, Peter Kelly, John Goodwin, Laura Behan
This study examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among 220 first year undergraduate university students in Ireland. Data were collected using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Suicidal Behaviours Questionnaire. Findings indicated that 59% of participants experienced depressive symptoms and 28.5% had suicidal ideation. Financial stress and poor relationships with both parents, increased the odds of experiencing depressive symptoms. Sexual orientation, financial stress, and poor relationships with fathers, increased the odds of experiencing suicidal ideation...
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464713/the-psychosocial-burden-of-hand-eczema-data-from-a-european-dermatological-multicentre-study
#9
Servando E Marron, Lucia Tomas-Aragones, Jorge Navarro-Lopez, Uwe Gieler, Jörg Kupfer, Florence J Dalgard, Lars Lien, Andrew Y Finlay, Françoise Poot, Dennis Linder, Jacek C Szepietowski, Laurent Misery, Gregor B E Jemec, Dmitry Romanov, Francesca Sampogna, Csanad Szabo, Ilknur K Altunay, Saskia Spillekom-van Koulil, Flora Balieva, Faraz M Ali, Jon A Halvorsen, Pedro C Marijuan
BACKGROUND: The essential physical role, visibility and social importance of the hands place a major psychological burden on patients with hand eczema. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the psychological, social and clinical characteristics of patients with hand eczema, in particular the prevalences of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and comorbidities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on patients with hand eczema were analysed from a large European multicentre study conducted with dermatology outpatients from 13 countries...
February 21, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461935/menstrual-cycle-effects-on-mental-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#10
Daisung Jang, Hillary Anger Elfenbein
OBJECTIVES: The premenstrual phase of cycle has long been associated with a constellation of health symptoms for women. However, there has been no recent quantitative review of severe mental health outcomes as a function of the menstrual cycle. We examine cycle influences on completed suicides, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and psychiatric admissions, and contrast these with non-suicide deaths. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 32 papers, with an N of 3,791...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461268/unnatural-deaths-of-the-elderly-population-of-sri-lanka-a-descriptive-analysis
#11
Amal Nishantha Vadysinghe, Prabath Senasinghe, Murugupillai Sivasubramanium, Pemasiri Jayasooriya, Bhatiya G Premarathna, Rathnayake Mudiyanselage Isuri Saumya D Rathnayake, Wickramasinghe Mudiyanselage Medhani Hasanthika P Wickramasinghe
As people age, they may become more vulnerable to injury because of frailty, ill health, or dependency on others. Data from medicolegal death investigation including autopsy and statements from cases reported to 3 medicolegal units in Sri Lanka were analyzed in this study under the strict ethical framework. Of the study population, 265 were male and 75 were female. Mean age was 71.14 years. Commonest manner of death was accidental (62.1%) followed by suicide (32.1%) and homicide (5.6%). Commonest types of incidents were road traffic accidents (26...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461153/the-role-of-masculinity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-predicting-suicidal-ideation-in-homeless-men
#12
Matthew C Genuchi
OBJECTIVES: Men's suicide rates may be influenced by difficulties recognizing externalizing depressive symptoms in men that adhere to hegemonic masculine gender role norms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of externalizing depressive symptoms, internalizing depressive symptoms, and hegemonic masculinity in predicting the existence and severity of suicidal ideation. METHODS: Homeless men (n = 94) completed questionnaires at a resource center in the Rocky Mountain West US...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459834/suicidal-risk-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-a-clinical-population-of-adolescents
#13
Judit Balazs, Monika Miklosi, Jozsef Halasz, Lili Olga Horváth, Dóra Szentiványi, Péter Vida
Background: According to literature data, psychopathology is associated with both quality of life (QoL) and suicidal risk in adolescents, but the literature does not fully support a direct association between psychopathology and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mediational role of QoL in the relationship between psychopathology and level of suicidal risk in a clinical sample of adolescents. Method: The authors examined a clinical population of 134 adolescents, aged 13-18 years...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457638/a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-intervention-for-women-with-suicidal-behaviors-in-rural-nepal-a-single-case-experimental-design-series
#14
Megan K Ramaiya, Caitlin McLean, Upasana Regmi, Devika Fiorillo, Clive J Robins, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Suicide in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) accounts for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality and is the leading single cause of death among Nepali reproductive age women. To advance treatment for suicidal behaviors in LMICs, a single-case experimental design (SCED) was conducted of a culturally adapted Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills intervention for Nepali populations (DBT-N). METHOD: Ten Nepali women with histories of suicidality participated in the 10-session intervention...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455707/the-alignment-of-law-practice-and-need-in-suicide-prevention
#15
Helen M Stallman, Jeneva L Ohan
Help-seeking is important for patients with suicidal ideation. Currently, a risk management paradigm is used with patients who express suicidality; however, this may limit support and increase stigma, reducing future help-seeking. Coping planning is proposed as a paradigm shift that overcomes these problems by focusing on patient needs and strengths. Declaration of interest None.
February 19, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454980/cumulative-incidence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-adults-living-in-temporary-housing-during-the-three-years-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#16
Qingyi Xu, Maiko Fukasawa, Norito Kawakami, Toshiaki Baba, Kiyomi Sakata, Ruriko Suzuki, Hiroaki Tomita, Harumi Nemoto, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Naoko Horikoshi, Maki Umeda, Yuriko Suzuki, Haruki Shimoda, Hisateru Tachimori, Tadashi Takeshima, Evelyn J Bromet
BACKGROUND: The effect of disasters on suicidality is not known. We aimed to retrospectively determine the cumulative incidence of suicidal ideation during the 3 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake among residents in temporary housing without prior suicidal ideation, as compared to the general population. Moreover, we aimed to identify the risk factors for the onset of suicidal ideation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey involving face-to-face interviews was conducted 3 years after the earthquake with adult community residents in disaster-affected areas and a control area using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453039/tolerance-for-psychological-pain-and-capability-for-suicide-contributions-to-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior
#17
Esther L Meerwijk, Sandra J Weiss
Among people with suicide ideation most do not attempt suicide or die by suicide. In this online study of adult US Facebook users (n = 219), we examined capability for suicide, operationalized as fearlessness about death, and tolerance for psychological pain as potential variables that may explain why some people move from suicide ideation to suicidal behavior. Tolerance for psychological pain was significantly higher for participants who had never attempted suicide. Fearlessness about death was higher in participants who had attempted suicide, but not significantly...
February 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453036/identifying-the-relative-importance-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-features-in-classifying-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-behavior-using-exploratory-data-mining
#18
Taylor A Burke, Ross Jacobucci, Brooke A Ammerman, Marilyn Piccirillo, Michael S McCloskey, Richard G Heimberg, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are at alarmingly high risk for suicidal ideation (SI), planning (SP), and attempts (SA). Given these findings, research has begun to evaluate the features of this multi-faceted behavior that may be most important to assess when quantifying risk for SI, SP, and SA. However, no studies have examined the wide range of NSSI characteristics simultaneously when determining which NSSI features are most salient to suicide risk. The current study utilized three exploratory data mining techniques (elastic net regression, decision trees, random forests) to address these gaps in the literature...
January 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451826/flexibility-and-rigidity-in-object-relational-functioning-assessing-change-in-suicidal-ideation-and-global-psychiatric-functioning-using-the-scors-g
#19
A Jill Clemence, Katie Lewis
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Westen, 1995 ) has been widely used as an assessment measure of object relational functioning across a number of stimuli. This study used the SCORS-G to investigate associations between global impairments and rigidity in quality of object relations with changes in suicidal ideation and psychiatric functioning over time. Participant narratives describing actual interpersonal experiences were collected using the Relationship Anecdote Paradigm (Luborsky, 1998 ) from a sample of individuals diagnosed with complex psychopathology completing residential psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#20
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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