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"suicidal ideation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343288/associations-between-household-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-health-problems-among-non-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#1
Sunhee Park
This study examined the association between household secondhand smoke exposure (HSHSE) and health status among non-smoking adolescents in Korea using two subsamples obtained from nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data: males (n = 25,653) and females (n = 31,187). Two self-reported HSHSE measures included exposure to household secondhand smoke during the week before the survey (yes or no) and number of days of HSHSE (1-7 days); and five self-reported health problems included asthma, perceived stress, depression, suicidal ideation, and self-rated health...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342764/ketamine-as-a-rapid-acting-agent-for-suicidal-ideation-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Bartoli, Ilaria Riboldi, Cristina Crocamo, Carmen Di Brita, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
The current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at exploring acute effects of intravenous (IV) ketamine, an antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), in subjects with current suicidal ideation. We included clinical trials testing a single IV dose of ketamine and assessing changes in suicidal ideation within 4hours after treatment. Meta-analyses based on random-effects models, were carried out generating pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) between endpoint and baseline scores. Heterogeneity among studies was estimated using the I(2) index...
March 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340447/fronto-limbic-disconnection-in-depressed-patients-with-suicidal-ideation-a-resting-state-functional-connectivity-study
#3
Lian Du, Jinkun Zeng, Huan Liu, Dejian Tang, Huaqing Meng, Yongmei Li, Yixiao Fu
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation (SI) is highly prevalent and a known symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), but its underlying biological mechanisms are relatively unknown. Several studies linked suicidal ideation to dysfunctional brain circuits, specifically fronto-limbic connections. The purpose of this work was to investigate fronto-limbic disconnection in MDD patients with or without SI. METHODS: MDD patients with SI (SI, n=28) or without SI (NSI, n=20), identified by the Scale for Suicide Ideation and healthy controls (HCs, n=30) underwent resting-state functional MRI scanning...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337512/parks-and-green-areas-and-the-risk-for-depression-and-suicidal-indicators
#4
Kyoung-Bok Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that parks and green areas have beneficial effects on mental health; however, most studies have been limited to a certain or small geographic area. This study investigated whether parks and green areas were associated with the risk for depression or suicidal indicators among adults. METHODS: We used the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey data (n = 169,029). Residential geographical codes were used to determine the amount of parks and green areas in each administrative district...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332861/treatment-of-nightmares-in-psychiatric-inpatients-with-imagery-rehearsal-therapy-an-open-trial-and-case-series
#5
Thomas E Ellis, Katrina A Rufino, Michael R Nadorff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the utility of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) for nightmares in an inpatient psychiatric setting. Although IRT enjoys a substantial evidence base for efficacy in various populations, data with psychiatric inpatients are lacking. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 20 adult psychiatric inpatients (11 male, 9 female; mean age=43.4), in an extended stay psychiatric inpatient facility. All participants were diagnosed with multiple, treatment resistant, comorbid conditions, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance-related disorders...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331011/rates-and-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-among-stroke-survivors-a-meta-analysis
#6
Francesco Bartoli, Maurizio Pompili, Nicoletta Lillia, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Salemi, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiological impact of suicidal ideation after stroke is required to identify subjects needing personalised interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate rates and correlates of suicidal ideation among stroke survivors. METHODS: We searched via Ovid, Medline, Embase and PsycInfo from database inception until August 2016. Predefined outcomes were (1) rates of suicidal ideation based on random-effects pooled proportion and (2) relevant sociodemographic and clinical correlates, using random-effects odds ratio (OR) or standardised mean difference (SMD) for categorical and continuous variables, respectively...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329406/treating-veterans-with-ptsd-and-borderline-personality-symptoms-in-a-12-week-intensive-outpatient-setting-findings-from-a-pilot-program
#7
Laura Meyers, Emily K Voller, Ethan B McCallum, Paul Thuras, Sandra Shallcross, Tina Velasquez, Laura Meis
Rates of comorbidity between borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are high in veteran populations, and clinicians are hesitant to treat PTSD given high rates of suicidality. Given promising early work integrating dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and prolonged exposure (PE) therapy, we created a 12-week intensive outpatient program combining these two treatments. PE and DBT were provided concurrently to 33 veterans with PTSD symptoms and BPD symptoms at a large, midwestern Veteran Affairs medical center...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327682/hopelessness-and-suicidal-ideation-among-patients-with-depression-and-neurotic-disorders-attending-a-tertiary-care-centre-at-eastern-nepal
#8
R Pokharel, S Lama, B R Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is thought to result from a negative appraisal system and interacts with, and worsens, appraisals of defeat and trap which in turn interact with suicide schema and lead to suicidal behaviour. This study was intended to assess hopelessness and suicidal ideation among patients with depression and neurotic disorders at tertiary care centre of eastern Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional design included 70 respondents by purposive sampling technique...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326880/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-suicidal-ideation-in-psoriasis-melanoma-and-allergic-disorders
#9
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Alberto Forte, Denise Erbuto, Dorian A Lamis, Alessandra Narcisi, Claudia Rea, Diego Orsini, Andrea D'Arino, Annalisa Arcese, Samantha Bellini, Sara Trovarelli, Gianluca Serafini, Mario Amore, Antonio Costanzo, Paolo Girardi
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric disorders and suicide risk (especially in psoriasis) are frequent and disabling conditions in patients with skin diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the risk of suicide and stressful life events in a sample of patients with skin disease. METHODS: A sample of 242 dermatological patients (142 women and 100 men), 112 of which had psoriasis, 77 had melanoma, and 53 were suffering with chronic allergic diseases. Patients were administered the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), and the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326110/relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-suicidality-and-bipolarity-a-retrospective-study
#10
Young-Min Park
OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study were to determine whether childhood maltreatment contributes to the occurrence of major depressive disorder (MDD) with bipolarity or suicidality. METHODS: In total, 132 outpatients diagnosed with MDD between 2014 and 2015 on the medical records were included. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence of childhood maltreatment (CM group) and no childhood maltreatment (NCM group). Depression severity and bipolarity were identified using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Korean version of Mood Disorder Questionnaire (K-MDQ) respectively on the medical records...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325681/alcohol-cannabis-and-other-drugs-and-subsequent-suicide-ideation-and-attempt-among-young-mexicans
#11
Guilherme Borges, Corina Benjet, Ricardo Orozco, Maria-Elena Medina-Mora, David Menendez
OBJECTIVE: To report results from a follow-up study of alcohol, cannabis and other drugs on suicidal behavior. METHOD: We estimated prospective associations of substance use as a risk factor for incident suicide ideation and attempt, from a follow-up conducted in 2013 (n = 1071) of the original Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey conducted in 2005. RESULTS: Cannabis use before age 15 (ideation risk ratio (RR) = 3.97; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323661/suicidal-ideation-and-psychological-strain-among-patients-diagnosed-with-stomach-cancer-the-mediation-of-psychopathological-factors
#12
Xuekun Zhang, Jie Zhang, Nicholas Procter, Xiaoyun Chen, Yonggang Su, Fenglan Lou, Fenglin Cao
Patients with stomach cancer are at high risk to experience suicidal ideation. Strain theory of suicide assumes that suicide is preceded by psychological strain. Despite wide international acceptance of the theory, its use with a sample of patients with stomach cancer has not previously been reported. The aims were to examine the relationship between psychological strain and suicidal ideation among patients with stomach cancer and to determine whether psychopathological factors act as mediators. A cross-sectional study was undertaken involving subjects with no history of mental disorder, and questionnaires were administered by face-to-face interview...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320380/loneliness-in-the-general-population-prevalence-determinants-and-relations-to-mental-health
#13
Manfred E Beutel, Eva M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Iris Reiner, Claus Jünger, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Karl J Lackner, Ana N Tibubos
BACKGROUND: While loneliness has been regarded as a risk to mental and physical health, there is a lack of current community data covering a broad age range. This study used a large and representative German adult sample to investigate loneliness. METHODS: Baseline data of the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) collected between April 2007 and April 2012 (N = 15,010; 35-74 years), were analyzed. Recruitment for the community-based, prospective, observational cohort study was performed in equal strata for gender, residence and age decades...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319695/suicidal-ideation-reported-on-the-phq9-and-risk-of-suicidal-behavior-across-age-groups
#14
Rebecca C Rossom, Karen J Coleman, Brian K Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Eric Johnson, Malia Oliver, Greg E Simon
OBJECTIVE: The Joint Commission recommends all patients be screened for suicide. However, differences in suicide attempt and death rates may affect how well tools predict risk across age groups. Our objective was to determine whether item 9 of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) predicts risk for suicide attempts and deaths across age groups. METHODS: PHQ9s completed by adult outpatients treated for mental health conditions in 2010-2012 at four Mental Health Research Network-affiliated healthcare systems were used to measure depression severity and suicidal ideation...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318361/suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-member-states-2007-2013
#15
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess suicidal ideation and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. METHODS: The analysis included 30,284 school children aged 13-15 years from seven ASEAN countries that participated in the cross-sectional global school-based student health survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months across seven ASEAN countries was 12...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314127/suicide-attempt-in-mental-disorders-medi-association-with-5-htt-il-10-and-tnf-alpha-polymorphisms
#16
Verônica de Medeiros Alves, Aline Cristine Pereira E Silva, Elaine Virgínia Martins de Souza, Leilane Camila Ferreira de Lima Francisco, Edilson Leite de Moura, Valfrido Leão de-Melo-Neto, Antonio E Nardi
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders (MeDi) and suicide attempts (SA) are influenced by environmental and genetic factors. Genetic polymorphism studies have identified some candidate genes for suicidal behaviour in people with MeDi. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate MeDi and SA in relation to the presence of rs2020933 (5-HTT), rs1800871 (IL-10) and rs1800629 (TNF-α) polymorphisms. METHODS: A questionnaire for identification and general data, a brief quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-brief), the scale of suicide ideation by Beck and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview were used in this study...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301827/insomnia-and-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviors-in-former-and-current-u-s-service-members-does-depression-mediate-the-relations
#17
Nicholas P Allan, Kenneth R Conner, Wilfred R Pigeon, Daniel F Gros, Temilola K Salami, Tracy Stecker
Insomnia is a risk factor for Suicidal Ideation (SI) and Behavior (SB), yet the nature of the relations is unclear, including the potential mediating role of cognitive and affective/somatic symptoms of depression. It was hypothesized that the impact of insomnia on SI would be mediated through depressive symptoms and that insomnia would directly impact SB. Current and former military service members (N =405; M age =31.6 years, SD =7.3; 90.4% male, 76.5% White) who endorsed recent suicidal ideation and/or a history of suicide attempt completed measures of insomnia, depression, SI, and SB at baseline and at month 12 follow-up...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299558/body-pushing-prescription-drugs-and-hospital-admission
#18
Roger W Byard, Michaela Kenneally
A 39-year-old man died of multi-organ failure complicating mixed drug toxicity that included methadone, oxazepam, oxycodone and nitrazepam. His past medical history involved alcohol and poly-substance abuse with chronic self-harm and suicidal ideation. There had been multiple hospital admissions for drug overdoses. At autopsy the most unusual finding was of two packages of 10 tablets each, wrapped in thin plastic film within the rectum. The insertion of drugs into body orifices and cavities has been termed body pushing to distinguish it from body packing where illicit drugs are wrapped and swallowed for transport and smuggling, and body stuffing where small amounts of loosely wrapped or unwrapped drugs are swallowed to conceal evidence from police...
March 15, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#19
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291974/comorbid-depression-and-suicide-ideation-in-patients-with-combat-related-ptsd-the-role-of-temperament-character-and-trait-impulsivity
#20
Nenad Jakšić, Branka Aukst Margetić, Darko Marčinko
BACKGROUND: War veterans with PTSD have a high chance of developing major depressive disorder (MDD) at some point, while they can also exhibit increased suicidal tendencies. The primary goal of this research was to investigate whether personality dimensions, including temperament, character, and trait impulsivity, were associated with comorbid MDD, as well as with suicidal ideation in psychiatric patients suffering from combat-related PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 148 Croatian male war veterans (mean age 49...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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