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"suicidal ideation"

Sun-Bi Um, Hyungseon Yeom, Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Il Suh
PURPOSE: This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. METHODS: Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged ≥ 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010-2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used...
2018: PloS One
Mario Gennaro Mazza, Aurora Rossetti, Eugenia Rossana Botti, Massimo Clerici
RATIONALE: Vortioxetine is a new multimodal antidepressant approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder and recently introduced in Europe. While antidepressant properties of vortioxetine and its tolerability have been demonstrated by preclinical and clinical studies data on the safety of vortioxetine after overdose are still lacking. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old Caucasian man presenting a severe depressive episode that in a suicide attempt he took vortioxetine at 250 mg...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
A Bombay, R J McQuaid, F Schwartz, A Thomas, H Anisman, K Matheson
The Indian residential school (IRS) system in Canada ran for over a century until the last school closed in 1996. Conditions in the IRSs resulted in generations of Indigenous children being exposed to chronic childhood adversity. The current investigation used data from the 2008-2010 First Nations Regional Health Survey to explore whether parental IRS attendance was associated with suicidal thoughts and attempts in childhood, adolescence and in adulthood among a representative sample of First Nations peoples living on-reserve across Canada...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Emilie Brenaut, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Florence J Dalgard, Lars Lien, Flora Balieva, Francesca Sampogna, Dennis Linder, Andrea W M Evers, Gregor B E Jemec, Uwe Gieler, Jacek Szepietowski, Françoise Poot, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Csanad Szabo, Andrey Lvov, Servando E Marron, Lucia Tomas-Aragones, Jörg Kupfer, Laurent Misery
BACKGROUND: Prurigo is defined by the presence of chronic pruritus and multiple localized or generalized pruriginous lesions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the psychological burden of prurigo in patients of European countries. METHODS: In this multicentre European study, 3635 general dermatology outpatients and 1359 controls were included. Socio-demographic data and answers to questionnaires (regarding quality of life, general health, anxiety and depression and suicidal ideation) were collected...
June 19, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Sibo Zhao, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the differences of psychological strains between Chinese and American college students and discussed how strains may influence individuals' suicidal ideation and depression. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: A total of 539 college students (298 from China and 241 from the U.S.) were recruited in March 2016 to complete the survey study. Multiple linear regressions were used in data analysis. RESULTS: Students in America had higher scores on depression and stress than students in China, while students in China rated higher on suicidal ideation than students in America...
June 19, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Franco Mascayano, Sara Schilling, Eric Tapia, Felipe Santander, María S Burrone, Lawrence H Yang, Rubén Alvarado
Background: There is an increasing concern for addressing suicide among adolescents in Latin America. Recent mental health policies encourage the development and implementation of preventive interventions for suicide. Such initiatives, however, have been scarcely developed, even in countries with solid mental health services such as Chile. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) might contribute to create accessible, engaging, and innovative platforms to promote well-being and support for adolescents with mental health needs and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
J Don Richardson, Lisa King, Kate St Cyr, Philippe Shnaider, Maya L Roth, Felicia Ketcheson, Ken Balderson, Jon D Elhai
BACKGROUND: Research on the relationship between insomnia and nightmares, and suicidal ideation (SI) has produced variable findings, especially with regard to military samples. This study investigates whether depression mediated the relationship between: 1) sleep disturbances and SI, and 2) trauma-related nightmares and SI, in a sample of treatment-seeking Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel and veterans (N = 663). METHOD: Regression analyses were used to investigate associations between sleep disturbances or trauma-related nightmares and SI while controlling for depressive symptom severity, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, anxiety symptom severity, and alcohol use severity...
June 19, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Judith L Teich, Ryan Mutter, Brent Gibbons, Kay Miller, Sean Lynch, Mir M Ali
OBJECTIVE: This study examined trends in hospitalizations of youths for behavioral health conditions in acute care hospital nonpsychiatric beds, acute care hospital psychiatric and detoxification beds, and specialty psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: Using data on hospitalizations for behavioral health conditions in 2009 (N=21,805) and 2014 (N=27,550) from the MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database, this study examined the percentage of youths (ages two to 18) with one or more hospitalizations, by demographic characteristic and bed type, and the behavioral health diagnoses for which patients were hospitalized...
June 20, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Lyne N Chiniara, Herbert J Bonifacio, Mark R Palmert
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To examine characteristics, including mental health comorbidities, among adolescents presenting to a transgender clinic and to compare these data to previous reports. METHODS: Retrospective chart review among youth seen at The Hospital for Sick Children between January 2014 and June 2016. Demographic data, clinical characteristics, and mental health comorbidities were assessed. Baseline and repeat blood work were also examined. RESULTS: Charts from 203 adolescents aged 12-18 years were reviewed (156 assigned female at birth [AFAB] (77%) aged 16...
June 19, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Craig J Bryan, Feea R Leifker, David C Rozek, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Mira L Reynolds, D Nicolas Oakey, Erika Roberge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when administered on a daily basis during a 2-week period of time. METHOD: In an open-label, prospective cohort pilot trial, 20 U.S. military personnel and veterans diagnosed with PTSD or subthreshold PTSD participated in 12 daily sessions of CPT. Primary outcomes included Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 and PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 scores...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Cinzia Grassi, Antonio Del Casale, Stefano Ferracuti, Petri Cucè, Roberto Santorsa, Andrea Pelliccione, Gemma Marotta, Giuseppe Tavella, Roberto Tatarelli, Paolo Girardi, Chiara Rapinesi, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Maurizio Pompili
BACKGROUND: Suicide in international police is 2-3-fold that of the general population. Risk factors include suicidal ideation, diagnosis of mood or post-traumatic stress disorders, family/psychological problems, suffered abuse, alcohol use, service suspension, and stigma. A false stigma-related myth is to believe that suicide does not cause concern within military settings. METHODS: We administered post-training to 6103 Italian Police workers a 30-item questionnaire to assess the perception of suicidal phenomena...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Donna Ames, Zachary Erickson, Nagy A Youssef, Irina Arnold, Chaplain Sam Adamson, Alexander C Sones, Justin Yin, Kerry Haynes, Fred Volk, Ellen J Teng, John P Oliver, Harold G Koenig
Introduction: There is growing evidence that moral injury (MI) is related to greater suicide risk among Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This study examines the relationship between MI and suicide risk and the moderating effect of religiosity on this relationship in V/ADM with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 570 V/ADM from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms...
June 15, 2018: Military Medicine
Ismael Conejero, Sophie Navucet, Jacques Keller, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet, Audrey Gabelle
Background: Suicide rates are high among older adults and many conditions have been related to suicide in this population: chronic illnesses, physical disabilities, cancer, social isolation, mental disorders and neurocognitive disorders. Objectives: Among neurocognitive disorders, analysis of the relationships between dementia and suicidal behaviors led to conflicting results and some questions are still without answer. Particularly, it is not known whether (i) Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases the risk of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts (SA) or the frequency of death by suicide; (ii) the presence of suicidal ideation or SA in people older than 65 years of age is an early dementia sign; and (iii) amyloid load in frontal areas facilitates SA by modifying the decision-making pathway...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova, Krystof Kantor, Antonin Kolek, Aleš Grambal, Milos Slepecky
Background and aim: Patients who have schizophrenia are more prone to suicidal behavior than the general population. This study aimed to find connections between suicidality and self-stigma, hope, and personality traits in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Forty-eight stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia attended this cross-sectional study. Patients were diagnosed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) using the ICD-10 research diagnostic criteria...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Jiao Li, Xujun Duan, Qian Cui, Huafu Chen, Wei Liao
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with high risk of suicide. Conventional neuroimaging works showed abnormalities of static brain activity and connectivity in MDD with suicidal ideation (SI). However, little is known regarding alterations of brain dynamics. More broadly, it remains unclear whether temporal dynamics of the brain activity could predict the prognosis of SI. METHODS: We included MDD patients (n = 48) with and without SI and age-, gender-, and education-matched healthy controls (n = 30) who underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging...
June 18, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Taeryoon Kim, Ga Eun Nam, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Junghun Kim, Do Hyun Eum, Sang Woo Lee, Soon Hong Min, Woohyun Lee, Kyungdo Han, Yong Gyu Park
This study aimed to examine whether the characteristics of mental health and sleep duration, alone or in combination, are associated with menstrual cycle irregularity. This population-based, cross-sectional study analyzed the data from 4445 women aged 19-49 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. A structured questionnaire was used to assess mental health characteristics, sleep duration, and menstrual cycle irregularity. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed...
June 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Kristal Lyn Brown, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Briana Mezuk
BACKGROUND: While restrictive and compensatory eating disorders (e.g. anorexia and bulimia) are associated with elevated risk of suicide, less is known about binge eating disorder (BED). There is suggestive evidence of a U-shaped relationship between body mass index (BMI) and completed suicide, but fewer studies on suicidal ideation or attempts. This study examined the association between BED, BMI, and suicidality, and assessed whether these relationships varied by gender. METHODS: Data come from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiologic Surveys (N = 14,497)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Ryan Holliday, Nicholas Holder, Lindsey L Monteith, Alina Surís
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal self-directed violence (SDV). Military sexual trauma (MST) is a common precursor to PTSD among veterans. Survivors of MST are more likely to be diagnosed with PTSD and are at greater risk for SI than survivors of other forms of trauma. Suicide-specific beliefs (e.g., unlovability, unbearability, unsolvability) have been shown to be strong predictors of SI and future suicidal SDV. Suicide-specific beliefs were examined over the course of treatment and follow-up in 32 veterans (23 women, 9 men) who received cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for MST-related PTSD...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Fulan Zhang, Tiancheng Zhang, Jingmei Xiong, Jing Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the gender differences in cluster pattern of health risk behaviors among rural middle school students in Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi. METHODS: By the method of layered, random and total sampling, questionnaire survey about dietary bias, smoking, alcohol drinking, suicidal ideation, internet addiction and non-secure swimming was taken to 1974 students of eight middle schools from rural areas in four counties of Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi, Hunan Province in 2014...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Amanda K Gilmore, Christine K Hahn, Anna E Jaffe, Kate Walsh, Angela D Moreland, Erin F Ward-Ciesielski
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault (SA) is common, and recent sexual assault is associated with suicidal ideation and prescription opioid (PO) use. PO use is also associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation. The current study examined suicidal ideation among adults seeking medical and psychological follow-up care after a SA medical forensic examination based on PO use and prior SA. METHODS: Adults (n = 60) who received a SA medical forensic exam at the emergency room within 120 h of a SA were invited to receive medical and psychological follow-up care, which included a questionnaire about current mental health symptoms...
May 31, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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