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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731200/suicidal-self-directed-violence-among-homeless-us-veterans-a-systematic-review
#1
Adam S Hoffberg, Elizabeth Spitzer, Jessica L Mackelprang, Samantha A Farro, Lisa A Brenner
A systematic review of the literature was conducted to investigate suicidal self-directed violence and homelessness among US military veterans, and identify existing suicide prevention strategies. In November 2015, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published since 1990 investigating self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Data were extracted and synthesized qualitatively. Nineteen observational studies were included...
July 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726309/religion-sexual-orientation-and-suicide-attempts-among-a-sample-of-suicidal-adolescents
#2
Annie Shearer, Jody Russon, Joanna Herres, Amanda Wong, Carrie Jacobs, Gary M Diamond, Guy S Diamond
Despite condemnation of same-sex attraction by certain religious groups, few studies have explored the relationship between religion, same-sex attraction, and suicidality. This study examined the moderating effect of same-sex attraction on the relationship between parent/adolescent religiosity and suicide ideation/attempts in a suicidal adolescent sample (N = 129). Linear and negative binomial regressions tested the effects of a two-way dichotomous (same-sex attraction, yes/no) by continuous (religiosity) interaction on ideation and attempts, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725260/help-seeking-and-suicidality-among-people-with-epilepsy-in-a-rural-low-income-country-setting-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Ruth Tsigebrhan, Charlotte Hanlon, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUNDS: Epilepsy is a serious neurological disorder associated with a high level of psychiatric comorbidity. Suicidality is a recognised complication of epilepsy. As part of developing an integrated service for people with epilepsy (PWE) and priority psychiatric disorders within primary care, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural district in Ethiopia to investigate patterns of help-seeking, suicidality and the association with duration of untreated epilepsy (DUE) among PWE...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724030/-violence-and-mental-health-issues-among-mexican-adolescents-that-have-considered-or-attempted-cross-border-migration
#4
Ruben Chavez-Ayala, Emanuel Orozco-Núñez, Marcela Sánchez-Estrada, Carlos Hernández-Girón
The aim of this study was to estimate the role of victimization by violence among Mexican adolescents that have considered or attempted migrating to the United States, including mental health variables (emotional self-esteem, self-esteem in school, depression, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide) as mediators of the effects. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified cluster sample of 13,198 adolescents from the 2nd Mexican National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance, and Violence in public schools in 2009...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723310/sense-of-belonging-and-youth-suicidal-behaviors-what-do-communities-and-schools-have-to-do-with-it
#5
Katarzyna Olcoń, Yeonwoo Kim, Lauren E Gulbas
Situating Thomas Joiner's concept of belonging within an ecological perspective, this study examined the associations between school and community belonging and suicidal ideation and attempts among high school students. The study used data from the 2013 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 2,560). Results demonstrated that community belonging reduced the odds of youth suicidal behaviors. School bullying, feeling unsafe at school, and being threatened or injured at a school increased the odds of suicidal behaviors...
July 19, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722775/depression-recognition-and-capacity-for-self-report-among-ethnically-diverse-nursing-homes-residents-evidence-of-disparities-in-screening
#6
Audrey Chun, Joann P Reinhardt, Mildred Ramirez, Julie M Ellis, Stephanie Silver, Orah Burack, Joseph P Eimicke, Verena Cimarolli, Jeanne A Teresi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine agreement between Minimum Data Set clinician ratings and researcher assessments of depression among ethnically diverse nursing home residents using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire. BACKGROUND: Although depression is common among nursing homes residents, its recognition remains a challenge. DESIGN: Observational baseline data from a longitudinal intervention study. METHODS: Sample of 155 residents from 12 long-term care units in one US facility; 50 were interviewed in Spanish...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#7
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718931/army-soldiers-and-suicidal-thoughts-the-impact-of-negative-relationship-dynamics-moderated-by-the-dissolution-of-romantic-relationships
#8
Heather A Love, Jared A Durtschi, Lauren M Ruhlmann, Briana S Nelson Goff
Suicide among United States active-duty Army soldiers rapidly increased over the past two decades. Using a sample of 322 soldiers from the Army STARRS study, the researchers examined if romantic relationship factors (i.e., hostile disagreements and relationship distress) were linked with suicidal thoughts in Army soldiers, and if these associations were moderated by a recent separation or divorce. Hostile disagreements and relational distress were both significantly associated with higher rates of suicidal ideation...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718868/-implicit-associations-with-death-first-validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-suicide-implicit-association-test-suicide-iat
#9
Dajana Rath, Nina Hallensleben, Heide Glaesmer, Lena Spangenberg, Maria Strauss, Anette Kersting, Tobias Teismann, Thomas Forkmann
Nock, Park, Finn, et al. 1 developed an implicit association test for suicide (suicide IAT) measuring the implicit association between 'death' and 'self'. They demonstrated that psychiatric patients, who already attempted suicide, showed stronger implicit associations with 'death' than with 'life' compared to patients without suicide attempt history. The present study had 2 aims: (1) to present a new German version of the suicide IAT and provide its first validation and (2) to investigate how implicit associations (suicide IAT) relate to suicidal ideation and behaviour, well-known risk factors such as depressiveness and hopelessness, and central concepts of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide 2, Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715280/fatigue-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-from-two-high-resolution-studies
#10
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Alexander L Chapman, Matthew K Nock
Theoretical models of self-harm suggest that high perceived stress and high fatigue (which might affect the ability to cope with stress) may interact to predict the short-term occurrence of suicidal ideation and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested 3 approaches to examining this interaction, each of which provided a different understanding of the specific nature of these associations: comparing each individual's daily stress/fatigue to the entire sample's overall average (i.e., grand-mean centering), comparing each individual's daily perceived stress/fatigue to his or her overall average (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715231/bayesian-estimation-for-item-factor-analysis-models-with-sparse-categorical-indicators
#11
Sierra A Bainter
Psychometric models for item-level data are broadly useful in psychology. A recurring issue for estimating item factor analysis (IFA) models is low-item endorsement (item sparseness), due to limited sample sizes or extreme items such as rare symptoms or behaviors. In this paper, I demonstrate that under conditions characterized by sparseness, currently available estimation methods, including maximum likelihood (ML), are likely to fail to converge or lead to extreme estimates and low empirical power. Bayesian estimation incorporating prior information is a promising alternative to ML estimation for IFA models with item sparseness...
July 17, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#12
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#13
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710837/quality-of-life-anxiety-prevalence-depression-symptomatology-and-suicidal-ideation-among-acne-patients-in-lithuania
#14
L Lukaviciute, P Navickas, A Navickas, J Grigaitiene, R Ganceviciene, C C Zouboulis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety, depression symptomatology and suicidal ideation among patients with acne and the impact of this skin condition on the quality of life in Lithuania. METHODS: The mental health of patients with acne was assessed using an adapted Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Dermatology Quality of Life Index, questions about characteristics of acne. The study was authorized by the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709510/sleep-apnea-psychopathology-and-mental-health-care
#15
Christopher N Kaufmann, Ryoko Susukida, Colin A Depp
OBJECTIVE: Sleep apnea has been shown to be associated with mental health conditions. This study examined the association between sleep apnea and psychopathology and mental health service utilization in a US nationally-representative sample. DESIGN: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: We used data on 264,653 individuals who participated in the 2008-2014 waves of the NSDUH, of which 5498 (3...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709060/the-association-between-suicidal-ideation-and-sleep-quality-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shandong-china
#16
Yangyang Qian, Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Dandan Ge, Li Zhang
Previous studies have identified global associations between sleep quality and suicidal ideation. However, little is known regarding the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation among Chinese older adults. We examined the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation in older adults in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 3313 seniors in Shandong, China. Suicidal ideation was assessed using the interviewees' answers to the question "Have you ever seriously considered wanting to die?"...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709022/comparing-brief-interventions-for-suicidal-individuals-not-engaged-in-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Erin F Ward-Ciesielski, Julia A Tidik, Amanda J Edwards, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Non-treatment-engaged individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts have been largely overlooked in the intervention literature, despite reviews suggesting most individuals who die by suicide were not in treatment immediately prior to their death. Most intervention studies recruit individuals from treatment providers, potentially neglecting those individuals who are not already engaged in services. These individuals clearly represent a group in need of additional empirical attention...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705050/association-of-isotretinoin-with-depression-and-suicide-a-review-of-current-literature
#18
João Miguel Oliveira, Gonçalo Sobreira, Jorge Velosa, Diogo Telles Correia, Paulo Filipe
Acne vulgaris, a condition that can affect people at any age, is the most common cause of referral to a dermatologist. Isotretinoin (ITT) is the most effective treatment available, but serious adverse effects, including a possible association with depression and suicide, limit its use. We review the current literature regarding the association of ITT with depression and suicide. Case reports and database studies show a clear association, and this association is biologically plausible. Although prospective studies have opposite results, limitations make them unsuitable to identify a subgroup of patients who may be at risk of developing depression or suicidal ideation with ITT...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704761/the-association-between-specific-combat-experiences-and-aspects-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide
#19
Sarah E Butterworth, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the relationship between combat exposure and suicide risk typically focus on combat exposure overall, combining numerous different combat experiences. Our study expands upon prior research by examining the association between specific combat experiences and components of both suicidal desire and the capability for suicide. METHOD: We hypothesized that most combat experiences would be associated with capability for suicide. Furthermore, we hypothesized that experiences that involved direct exposure to death and injury (e...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701336/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-young-people-with-suicide-related-behaviour-reframe-it-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Sarah E Hetrick, Hok P Yuen, Eleanor Bailey, Georgina R Cox, Kate Templer, Simon M Rice, Sarah Bendall, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide-related behaviours are common in young people and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There are few evidence-based interventions; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) shows promise. Internet delivery of CBT is popular, with potential to increase reach and accessibility. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an internet-based CBT program (Reframe-IT) in reducing suicide-related behaviours, depression, anxiety, hopelessness and improving problem solving and cognitive and behavioural skills in school students with suicide-related behaviours...
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
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