keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"dissociative identity disorder"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318413/treatment-strategies-for-programming-and-ritual-abuse
#1
Colin Ross
Individuals in treatment for dissociative identity disorder not uncommonly describe childhood involvement in organized, multi-perpetrator ritual abuse. They described being "programmed" by the perpetrators and feel that the programming is out of their control. The author has developed a set of treatment strategies and interventions for such cases. These are based on the principle of therapeutic neutrality and can be used no matter what assumptions the therapist makes about the historical accuracy of the memories and beliefs...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301038/shame-dissociation-and-complex-ptsd-symptoms-in-traumatized-psychiatric-and-control-groups-direct-and-indirect-associations-with-relationship-distress
#2
Martin J Dorahy, Mary Corry, Rebecca Black, Laura Matheson, Holly Coles, David Curran, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton, Kevin F W Dyer
OBJECTIVES: Elevated shame and dissociation are common in dissociative identity disorder (DID) and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and are part of the constellation of symptoms defined as complex PTSD. Previous work examined the relationship between shame, dissociation, and complex PTSD and whether they are associated with intimate relationship anxiety, relationship depression, and fear of relationships. This study investigated these variables in traumatized clinical samples and a nonclinical community group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277976/issues-in-consultation-for-treatments-with-distressed-activated-abuser-protector-self-states-in-dissociative-identity-disorder
#3
Richard A Chefetz
The identified "problem self-state" in a dissociative disorder consultation is like the identified patient in a family therapy; the one who is identified may have an assigned role to be blamed which serves the function of deflecting the activities of painful self-states in other family members. In consultation, the "family" includes the therapist in addition to the patient. When the state identified as a problem self-state is an abuser/protector self-state, complications often involve the profound nature of transference-countertransference enactments between patient and therapist, the delusion of separateness, chronic and acute threats of suicide, negative therapeutic reactions, and the evocation of intense negativity...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277975/weaponized-sex-defensive-pseudo-erotic-aggression-in-the-service-of-safety
#4
Richard P Kluft
Problematic sexual behaviors are frequently encountered in the treatment of patients suffering Dissociative Identity Disorder and related forms of dissociative disorders. These may include unfortunate patterns of ready acquiescence or submission to overtly or potentially aggressive or sexual approaches/encounters, subtle and/or overt seductive signaling and behaviors, and even overt sexually provocative patterns of verbalizations and actions. This paper discusses the possibility that in some instances, sexual behavior has become weaponized; that is, deployed in circumstances under which assertiveness and/or aggression or other self-protective measures might be expected, probably because such behaviors were not within the range of the possible or were not understood as potentially successful for some victims of trauma...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#5
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199427/-attachment-trauma-and-dissociation-the-genesis-of-the-dissociated-personality
#6
Ricardo E Cortese
In the present work we will deepen on the dissociative identity disorder (DID) and in the main current explanatory theory doomed to elucidate its genesis. The latter implies the interweaving of the notions of trauma, dissociation and attachment, relying on the psychoanalytic traditions and cognitive behavioral, generating an integrated perspective that transfigures the way how it was dealt with clinically and therapeutically this disorder. Under the perspective of the latter, the DID appears insert in the framework of the dissociative disorders of the personality, the same as the borderline organization, and in turn related to those dissociative disorders acquired in adulthood, which includes the post-traumatic stress disorder and some somatization disorders and conversion, which suggests the existence of an extended spectrum of dissociative disorders...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138924/dissociation-and-alterations-in-brain-function-and-structure-implications-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Annegret Krause-Utz, Rachel Frost, Dorina Winter, Bernet M Elzinga
Dissociation involves disruptions of usually integrated functions of consciousness, perception, memory, identity, and affect (e.g., depersonalization, derealization, numbing, amnesia, and analgesia). While the precise neurobiological underpinnings of dissociation remain elusive, neuroimaging studies in disorders, characterized by high dissociation (e.g., depersonalization/derealization disorder (DDD), dissociative identity disorder (DID), dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (D-PTSD)), have provided valuable insight into brain alterations possibly underlying dissociation...
January 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068498/adapting-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dissociative-identity-disorder
#8
Brad Foote, Kim Van Orden
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), created by Marsha Linehan, has been shown to be an effective therapy for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and for suicidal and self-harming behavior. Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a complex post-traumatic disorder which is highly comorbid with BPD, shares a number of clinical features with BPD, and which like BPD features a high degree of suicidality. The DID treatment literature emphasizes the importance of a staged approach, beginning with the creation of a safe therapeutic frame prior to addressing traumatic material; DBT is also a staged treatment, in which behavioral and safety issues are addressed in Stage 1, and trauma work reserved for Stage 2...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812338/systemic-case-formulation-individualized-process-monitoring-and-state-dynamics-in-a-case-of-dissociative-identity-disorder
#9
Günter K Schiepek, Barbara Stöger-Schmidinger, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Helmut Schöller, Benjamin Aas
Objective: The aim of this case report is to demonstrate the feasibility of a systemic procedure (synergetic process management) including modeling of the idiographic psychological system and continuous high-frequency monitoring of change dynamics in a case of dissociative identity disorder. The psychotherapy was realized in a day treatment center with a female client diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dissociative identity disorder. Methods: A three hour long co-creative session at the beginning of the treatment period allowed for modeling the systemic network of the client's dynamics of cognitions, emotions, and behavior...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770748/trauma-related-self-defining-memories-and-future-goals-in-dissociative-identity-disorder
#10
Rafaële J C Huntjens, Ineke Wessel, Brian D Ostafin, Paul A Boelen, Friederike Behrens, Agnes van Minnen
This study examined the content of self-defining autobiographical memories in different identities in patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and comparison groups of patients with PTSD, healthy controls, and DID simulators. Consistent with the DID trauma model, analyses of objective ratings showed that DID patients in trauma identities retrieved more negative and trauma-related self-defining memories than DID patients in avoidant identities. Inconsistent with the DID trauma model, DID patients' self-rated trauma-relatedness of self-defining memories and future life goals did not differ between trauma identities and trauma avoidant identities...
December 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689689/evidence-for-phase-based-psychotherapy-as-a-treatment-for-dissociative-identity-disorder-comorbid-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-alcohol-dependence
#11
Brianna E Pollock, Jenny Macfie, L Christian Elledge
We report on the treatment and successful outcome of a 58-year-old Native American male with a history of complex trauma presenting with dissociative identity disorder (DID) and major depressive disorder. The treatment included a trauma-informed phase-based psychotherapy as recommended by the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation for treating DID. We assessed symptoms at baseline and at three additional time points over the course of 14 months. We utilized the Reliable Change Index to examine statistically significant change in symptoms over the course of treatment...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395050/psychospiritual-resiliency-enhancing-mental-health-and-ecclesiastical-collaboration-in-caring-for-those-experiencing-dissociative-phenomena
#12
Christopher J Howard
Trauma can oftentimes be a catalyst for changes in an individual's religious and spiritual beliefs. Beliefs about the cause of the trauma, for instance, may include attributions of possessing spirits, and are to be found in an increasingly pluralistic and multicultural society. Such preternatural explanations may be referred to as dissociative identity disorder, possession form. Unwittingly, an overreliance on neurobiological explanations and relegation of cultural idioms of distress may diminish effective collaboration with ecclesiastical authorities...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384396/separating-fact-from-fiction-an-empirical-examination-of-six-myths-about-dissociative-identity-disorder
#13
Bethany L Brand, Vedat Sar, Pam Stavropoulos, Christa Krüger, Marilyn Korzekwa, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Warwick Middleton
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a complex, posttraumatic, developmental disorder for which we now, after four decades of research, have an authoritative research base, but a number of misconceptualizations and myths about the disorder remain, compromising both patient care and research. This article examines the empirical literature pertaining to recurrently expressed beliefs regarding DID: (1) belief that DID is a fad, (2) belief that DID is primarily diagnosed in North America by DID experts who overdiagnose the disorder, (3) belief that DID is rare, (4) belief that DID is an iatrogenic, rather than trauma-based, disorder, (5) belief that DID is the same entity as borderline personality disorder, and (6) belief that DID treatment is harmful to patients...
July 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336217/comparing-shame-in-clinical-and-nonclinical-populations-preliminary-findings
#14
Kevin F W Dyer, Martin J Dorahy, Mary Corry, Rebecca Black, Laura Matheson, Holly Coles, David Curran, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a preliminary study comparing different trauma and clinical populations on types of shame coping style and levels of state shame and guilt. METHODS: A mixed independent groups/correlational design was employed. Participants were recruited by convenience sampling of 3 clinical populations-complex trauma (n = 65), dissociative identity disorder (DID; n = 20), and general mental health (n = 41)-and a control group of healthy volunteers (n = 125)...
June 23, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245196/comparing-the-symptoms-and-mechanisms-of-dissociation-in-dissociative-identity-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Andreas Laddis, Paul F Dell, Marilyn Korzekwa
A total of 75 patients were diagnosed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders-Revised as having dissociative identity disorder (DID), and 100 patients were diagnosed with the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality as having borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both groups were administered the Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID). DID patients had significantly higher MID scores than BPD patients, different distributions of MID scores, and different MID subscale profiles in 3 ranges of MID scores (0-15, 15-30, 30-45)...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225185/is-it-trauma-or-fantasy-based-comparing-dissociative-identity-disorder-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-simulators-and-controls
#16
E M Vissia, M E Giesen, S Chalavi, E R S Nijenhuis, N Draijer, B L Brand, A A T S Reinders
OBJECTIVE: The Trauma Model of dissociative identity disorder (DID) posits that DID is etiologically related to chronic neglect and physical and/or sexual abuse in childhood. In contrast, the Fantasy Model posits that DID can be simulated and is mediated by high suggestibility, fantasy proneness, and sociocultural influences. To date, these two models have not been jointly tested in individuals with DID in an empirical manner. METHOD: This study included matched groups [patients (n = 33) and controls (n = 32)] that were compared on psychological Trauma and Fantasy measures: diagnosed genuine DID (DID-G, n = 17), DID-simulating healthy controls (DID-S, n = 16), individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, n = 16), and healthy controls (HC, n = 16)...
August 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216366/is-high-hypnotizability-a-necessary-diathesis-for-pathological-dissociation
#17
Paul F Dell
During the 19th century, high hypnotizability was considered to be a form of psychopathology that was inseparable from hysteria. Today, hypnotizability is considered to be a normal trait that has no meaningful relationship with psychopathology. Psychiatric patients generally manifest medium to low hypnotizability. Nevertheless, several psychiatric diagnoses are marked by an unexpectedly large proportion of patients with high hypnotizability. This is especially true of the diagnostic categories that were subsumed by the 19th-century concept of hysteria: dissociative identity disorder, somatization disorder, and complex conversion disorders...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120718/the-psychobiology-of-authentic-and-simulated-dissociative-personality-states-the-full-monty
#18
Antje A T S Reinders, Antoon T M Willemsen, Eline M Vissia, Herry P J Vos, Johan A den Boer, Ellert R S Nijenhuis
The etiology of dissociative identity disorder (DID) remains a topic of debate. Proponents of the fantasy model and the trauma model of DID have both called for more empirical research. To this end, the current study presents new and extended data analyses of a previously published H2O positron emission tomography imaging study. This study included 29 subjects: 11 patients with DID and 10 high- and 8 low-fantasy-prone DID-simulating mentally healthy control subjects. All subjects underwent an autobiographical memory script-driven (neutral and trauma related) imagery paradigm in 2 (simulated) dissociative personality states (neutral and trauma related)...
June 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108472/sexual-trauma-at-the-salpetriere
#19
Colin Ross
Jean-Martin Charcot who studied hysteria at the Salpetriere hospital in Paris late in the nineteenth century is often portrayed as a great neurologist. According to standard accounts, his female hysterical patients imitated the seizures of epileptic patients at the Salpetriere in order to get attention because of their dramatic, self-centered natures. They were also prone to making false allegations of childhood sexual abuse. In fact, the so-called hysterical seizures were often abreactions of rapes. The patients commonly had extensive childhood sexual abuse histories, and sexual misconduct by doctors was endemic at the Salpetriere...
2016: Journal of Psychohistory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081389/dissociative-identity-disorders-in-korea-two-recent-cases
#20
Ilbin Kim, Daeho Kim, Hyun-Jin Jung
Although dissociative identity disorder (DID), the most severe of the dissociative disorders, has retained its own diagnostic entity since its introduction in the DSM-III, cases of DID are rarely seen in South and East Asia, likely due to the higher prevalence of possession disorder. We report two patients with DID who were recently admitted to our inpatient psychiatric unit and demonstrated distinct transitions to several identities. Their diagnoses were confirmed through a structured interview for dissociative disorders and possible differential diagnoses were ruled out by psychological, neuroimaging, and laboratory tests...
March 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
keyword
keyword
91591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"