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"borderline personality disorder"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714268/nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#2
Ben Spears, Helen Tyrer, Peter Tyrer
Nidotherapy is a new form of psychological therapy that aims to improve mental health by a systematic and collaborative manipulation of the environment in all its forms without focusing on alleviation of symptoms. Following treatment with nidotherapy, we describe a dramatic, and continuing, improvement in a woman with comorbid severe depressive illness and borderline personality disorder. She had made repeated serious suicide attempts over the previous 25 years and had received many drug and psychological treatments without success...
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710927/effects-of-brief-mindful-breathing-and-loving-kindness-meditation-on-shame-and-social-problem-solving-abilities-among-individuals-with-high-borderline-personality-traits
#3
Shian-Ling Keng, Jun Xian Tan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental condition characterized by a range of cognitive and behavioral vulnerabilities, including chronic shame and deficits in social problem solving (SPS) abilities. Little research however, has examined strategies that may alleviate shame and SPS deficits among individuals with BPD traits. Using a laboratory experimental approach, the present study compared the effects of a brief mindfulness versus loving-kindness meditation (LKM) induction on shame and SPS abilities in a sample of adults with high BPD traits...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708357/-mentalizing-in-liaison-psychiatry
#4
Paco Prada, Pierre Cole, Guido Bondolfi, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
In the past few years, there has been an increased and widespread interest for Mentalization-Based Therapies (MBTs). Although originally developed by Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy for the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), the scope of MBTs has now been broadened and is relevant in liaison psychiatry, not only to cope with personality disorders or phenomena such as emotional dysregulation and suicidal behaviours, but also because being ill and expericencieng a dependency-laden relationship with health workers tend to reduce mentalization capacities, thereby increasing the probability of misunderstandings, conflicts, treatment drop-outs or medical errors...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703950/randomized-controlled-trial-of-web-based-psychoeducation-for-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Mary C Zanarini, Lindsey C Conkey, Christina M Temes, Garrett M Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To determine if internet-based psychoeducation for borderline personality disorder is effective in reducing symptom severity and improving psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Eighty women who met DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder were randomly assigned either to the internet-based psychoeducation treatment group (n = 40) or to the internet-based control group with no psychoeducation (n = 40). Recruitment was conducted from July 2013 to March 2015...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701098/-ait-adolescent-identity-treatment-an-integrative-treatment-model-for-the-treatment-of-personality-disorders
#6
Susanne Schlüter-Müller
AIT (Adolescent Identity Treatment) - an Integrative Treatment Model for the Treatment of Personality Disorders Personality disorders are patterns of maladaptive personality traits that have an impact on the individual throughout the life span. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a very severe, but treatable mental disorder. Identity disturbance is seen as the central construct for detecting severe personality pathology - and, most notably, borderline personality disorder - in adults and adolescents. Crises in the development of identity usually resolve into a normal and consolidated identity with flexible and adaptive functioning whereas identity diffusion is viewed as a lack of integration of the concept of the self and significant others...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701096/-the-outpatient-clinic-for-adolescent-risk-taking-and-self-harm-behaviors-atr-sk-a-pioneering-approach-of-outpatient-early-detection-and-intervention-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Michael Kaess, Denisa Ghinea, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch
The Outpatient Clinic for Adolescent Risk-taking and Self-harm behaviors (AtR!Sk) - A Pioneering Approach of Outpatient Early Detection and Intervention of Borderline Personality Disorder Self-harm and risk-taking behaviors are frequently occurring problems in adolescents' everyday life and commonly challenge the present child and adolescent health-care system. Those behaviors are typical features of borderline-personality disorder (BPD), a severe mental disorder that is associated with immense psychological strain, increased risk of mortality and poor psychosocial functioning...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701091/-mentalization-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-concept-and-efficacy
#8
Svenja Taubner, Jana Volkert, Thorsten-Christian Gablonski, Trudie Rossouw
Mentalization-Based Treatment for Adolescents with Borderline Personality Disorder - Concept and Efficacy In recent years, the concept of mentalization has become increasingly important in practice and research. It describes the imaginative ability to understand human behavior in terms of mental states. Mentalization is a central component to understand the etiology and to treat patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both adult and adolescent patients with BPD have limited mentalization abilities, which can be reliably assessed using the Reflective Functioning Scale...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693486/performance-of-international-medical-students-in-psychosocial-medicine
#9
D Huhn, J Lauter, D Roesch Ely, E Koch, A Möltner, W Herzog, F Resch, S C Herpertz, C Nikendei
BACKGROUND: Particularly at the beginning of their studies, international medical students face a number of language-related, social and intercultural challenges. Thus, they perform poorer than their local counterparts in written and oral examinations as well as in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) in the fields of internal medicine and surgery. It is still unknown how international students perform in an OSCE in the field of psychosocial medicine compared to their local fellow students...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692921/exploring-the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-borderline-personality-traits-in-young-adults
#10
Daniel Vega, Rafael Torrubia, Àngel Soto, Joan Ribas, Joaquim Soler, Juan Carlos Pascual, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent during late adolescence and young adulthood. There is some evidence of a link between NSSI and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), but little is known about the association between BPD traits and the various functions that maintain NSSI. The main purpose of this study was to explore the association between borderline personality traits and NSSI functions in a sample of college students. We also compared NSSI functions in college students who engaged in NSSI to those in an age-matched sample of BPD patients...
July 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#11
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690972/computational-psychiatry-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Sarah K Fineberg, Dylan Stahl, Philip Corlett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the literature on the use and potential use of computational psychiatry methods in Borderline Personality Disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Computational approaches have been used in psychiatry to increase our understanding of the molecular, circuit, and behavioral basis of mental illness. This is of particular interest in BPD, where the collection of ecologically valid data, especially in interpersonal settings, is becoming more common and more often subject to quantification...
March 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686468/the-experiences-of-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-admitted-to-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-meta-synthesis
#13
Anna Stapleton, Nicola Wright
BACKGROUND: Acute psychiatric inpatient care is recommended for people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) to manage a crisis. Qualitative research exploring service user experience is valuable for the development of evidence-based treatment guidelines. AIM: To conduct a meta-synthesis of qualitative research exploring the experiences of people with BPD on acute psychiatric inpatient wards. METHODS: Literatures searches of five electronic databases...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683693/borderline-personality-disorder-neurobiological-contributions-to-remission-and-recovery
#14
Audrey A File, Robin A Hurley, Katherine H Taber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680639/subtypes-of-borderline-personality-disorder-patients-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#15
Maaike L Smits, Dine J Feenstra, Dawn L Bales, Jasmijn de Vos, Zwaan Lucas, Roel Verheul, Patrick Luyten
BACKGROUND: The borderline personality disorder (BPD) population is notably heterogeneous, and this has potentially important implications for intervention. Identifying distinct subtypes of patients may represent a first step in identifying which treatments work best for which individuals. METHODS: A cluster-analysis on dimensional personality disorder (PD) features, as assessed with the SCID-II, was performed on a sample of carefully screened BPD patients (N = 187) referred for mentalization-based treatment...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675858/mentalization-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comparison-with-controls-and-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Nader Perroud, Deborah Badoud, Sébastien Weibel, Rosetta Nicastro, Roland Hasler, Anne-Lise Küng, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Alexandre Dayer, Jean-Michel Aubry, Paco Prada, Martin Debbané
Emotion dysregulation and interpersonal hardships constitute core features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Research has established the link between these core dysregulations and fluctuations in the capacity to appreciate the mental states that underlie behavior (mentalizing, operationalized as reflective functioning (RF)). As emotion dysregulation and interpersonal hardships also characterize adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this study sought to examine the potential RF impairments affecting this population...
June 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675714/processes-of-recovery-through-routine-or-specialist-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder-bpd-a-qualitative-study
#17
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang, Kirsten Barnicot, Hayley White, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Recovery processes in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are poorly understood. AIMS: This study explored how recovery in BPD occurs through routine or specialist treatment, as perceived by service users (SUs) and therapists. METHODS: SUs were recruited from two specialist BPD services, three community mental health teams, and one psychological therapies service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 SUs and 15 therapists...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670988/-the-relationship-of-attachment-features-and-multi-impulsive-symptoms-in-eating-disorders
#18
Tamás Dömötör Szalai
INTRODUCTION: Attachment dysfunctions determine borderline personality disorder, which is a frequent background factor of multi-impulsivity; however, the relationship between attachment and multi-impulsive eating disorders is almost unexplored. AIM: To compare attachment features of multi-impulsive and classical eating disorder patients with individuals without eating disorders, and to test attachment as a predictor of multi-impulsivity. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey (148 females, mean age: 30...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669135/changes-over-the-last-15-years-in-the-psychopharmacological-management-of-persons-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
A Martín-Blanco, A Ancochea, J Soler, M Elices, C Carmona, J C Pascual
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pharmacological management of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in Spain from 2001 through 2016, the factors associated with prescriptions, and changes in pharmacotherapy over this time period. METHODS: Retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study conducted in a sample of 457 patients with BPD consecutively admitted to a specialist BPD Program between January 2001 and November 2016. Data on sociodemographic and clinical variables, as well as pharmacological treatment upon the admission to the programme, were used to describe pharmacological prescriptions, the factors associated with these medications, and changes in prescription over the last 15 years...
July 2, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667928/affective-and-cognitive-theory-of-mind-abilities-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder-or-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Sarah-Ann Tay, Carol A Hulbert, Henry J Jackson, Andrew M Chanen
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) is an important social cognitive ability that has been investigated in BPD, with inconsistent findings indicating impaired, comparable, and enhanced ToM in BPD. This study aimed to clarify and extend previous findings by investigating affective and cognitive ToM abilities in youth early in the course of BPD, by including a clinical comparison group of youth with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Female participants aged 15-24 years diagnosed with BPD (n = 41) or MDD (n = 37) completed the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) and Happé's Cartoon Task, measures of affective and cognitive dimensions of ToM, respectively...
June 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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