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"borderline personality disorder"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680679/corrigendum-to-a-schema-focused-approach-to-group-psychotherapy-for-outpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial-j-behav-ther-exp-psychiatr-40-2-june-2009-317-328
#1
Joan M Farrell, Ida A Shaw, Michael A Webber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672301/neurobiological-mechanisms-mediating-emotion-dysregulation-as-targets-of-change-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Sabine C Herpertz, Isabella Schneider, Christian Schmahl, Katja Bertsch
Emotion dysregulation is a hallmark of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Most interventions for patients with BPD, therefore, aim at the improvement of emotion regulation. In the current paper, we provide an overview of studies investigating the effects of psychotherapeutic or pharmacological interventions on neurobiological correlates of various aspects of emotion regulation. In fact, studies suggest that the prefrontal-limbic circuit may play a major role in mediating effects of clinically efficacious psychotherapeutic treatments, i...
April 19, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670562/a-non-linear-predictive-model-of-borderline-personality-disorder-based-on-multilayer-perceptron
#3
Nelson M Maldonato, Raffaele Sperandeo, Enrico Moretto, Silvia Dell'Orco
Borderline Personality Disorder is a serious mental disease, classified in Cluster B of DSM IV-TR personality disorders. People with this syndrome presents an anamnesis of traumatic experiences and shows dissociative symptoms. Since not all subjects who have been victims of trauma develop a Borderline Personality Disorder, the emergence of this serious disease seems to have the fragility of character as a predisposing condition. Infect, numerous studies show that subjects positive for diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder had scores extremely high or extremely low to some temperamental dimensions (harm Avoidance and reward dependence) and character dimensions (cooperativeness and self directedness)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667799/shrink-that-frown-botulinum-toxin-therapy-is-lifting-the-face-of-psychiatry
#4
M Axel Wollmer, Insa Neumann, Michelle Magid, Tillmann H Kruger
Treating glabellar frown lines with injections of botulinum toxin is the most frequently applied procedure in aesthetic medicine. In addition to its cosmetic effect, botulinum toxin may also positively modulate mood and affect, which may contribute to its popularity. A series of clinical studies has shown that this modulation can be used in the treatment of major depression. After a single glabellar treatment with botulinum toxin, patients suffering from unipolar depression experienced a quick, strong and sustained improvement in the symptoms of depression...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665515/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-extended-inpatient-treatment-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-an-examination-of-treatment-response-remission-and-deterioration
#5
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: Experts express reluctance to hospitalize patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) for more than a few days, arguing that extended inpatient care leads to deterioration and adverse events. To date, there is no empirical support for these assertions. AIMS: The current study examined the assumption of iatrogenic effects among BPD adults. METHODS: Clinically significant and reliable change in symptoms, functional capacities, and adverse events were quantified for both inpatients with BPD (n = 245) and a well-matched inpatient reference (n = 220) sample...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660674/the-relation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-to-aggression-victimization-and-institutional-misconduct-among-prisoners
#6
Kelly E Moore, Robyn L Gobin, Heather L McCauley, Chien-Wen Kao, Stephanie M Anthony, Sheryl Kubiak, Caron Zlotnick, Jennifer E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is highly prevalent among incarcerated populations; however, research has yet to examine whether prisoners diagnosed with BPD experience greater interpersonal dysfunction and institutional misconduct while incarcerated. PROCEDURE: This study drew from a sample of 184 male and female prisoners diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized trial of depression treatment. The presence of a BPD diagnosis (n = 69) was analyzed as a predictor of disciplinary incidents/infractions (i...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660571/emotional-intelligence-in-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-borderline-personality-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#7
Katrin Janke, Martin Driessen, Behnoush Behnia, Katja Wingenfeld, Stefan Roepke
Emotional intelligence as a part of social cognition has, to our knowledge, never been investigated in patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), though the disorder is characterized by aspects of emotional dysfunctioning. PTSD often occurs with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) as a common comorbidity. Studies about social cognition and emotional intelligence in patients with BPD propose aberrant social cognition, but produced inconsistent results regarding emotional intelligence. The present study aims to assess emotional intelligence in patients with PTSD without comorbid BPD, PTSD with comorbid BPD, and BPD patients without comorbid PTSD, as well as in healthy controls...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659031/staff-perceptions-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-recovery-a-q-sort-method-approach
#8
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651981/lamotrigine-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-rct
#9
Mike J Crawford, Rahil Sanatinia, Barbara Barrett, Gillian Cunningham, Oliver Dale, Poushali Ganguli, Geoff Lawrence-Smith, Verity C Leeson, Fenella Lemonsky, Georgia Lykomitrou-Matthews, Alan Montgomery, Richard Morriss, Jasna Munjiza, Carol Paton, Iwona Skorodzien, Vineet Singh, Wei Tan, Peter Tyrer, Joseph G Reilly
BACKGROUND: No drug treatments are currently licensed for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Despite this, people with this condition are frequently prescribed psychotropic medications and often with considerable polypharmacy. Preliminary studies have indicated that mood stabilisers may be of benefit to people with BPD. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lamotrigine for people with BPD. DESIGN: A two-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled individually randomised trial of lamotrigine versus placebo...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643339/desynchronization-of-diurnal-rhythms-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Oliver Carr, Kate E A Saunders, Amy C Bilderbeck, Athanasios Tsanas, Niclas Palmius, John R Geddes, Russell Foster, Maarten De Vos, Guy M Goodwin
It has long been proposed that diurnal rhythms are disturbed in bipolar disorder (BD). Such changes are obvious in episodes of mania or depression. However, detailed study of patients between episodes has been rare and comparison with other psychiatric disorders rarer still. Our hypothesis was that evidence for desynchronization of diurnal rhythms would be evident in BD and that we could test the specificity of any effect by studying borderline personality disorder (BPD). Individuals with BD (n = 36), BPD (n = 22) and healthy volunteers (HC, n = 25) wore a portable heart rate and actigraphy device and used a smart-phone to record self-assessed mood scores 10 times per day for 1 week...
April 12, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621901/the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-lamotrigine-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Mike J Crawford, Rahil Sanatinia, Barbara Barrett, Gillian Cunningham, Oliver Dale, Poushali Ganguli, Geoff Lawrence-Smith, Verity Leeson, Fenella Lemonsky, Georgia Lykomitrou, Alan A Montgomery, Richard Morriss, Jasna Munjiza, Carol Paton, Iwona Skorodzien, Vineet Singh, Wei Tan, Peter Tyrer, Joseph G Reilly
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined whether lamotrigine is a clinically effective and cost-effective treatment for people with borderline personality disorder. METHOD: This was a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Between July 2013 and November 2016, the authors recruited 276 people age 18 or over who met diagnostic criteria for borderline personality disorder. Individuals with coexisting bipolar affective disorder or psychosis, those already taking a mood stabilizer, and women at risk of pregnancy were excluded...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621859/infants-of-emotionally-dysregulated-or-borderline-personality-disordered-mothers-issues-and-management-in-primary-care
#12
Gisèle Apter, Anne E Sved Williams
BACKGROUND: Knowledge has increased regarding the developmental needs and capabilities of infants, and parental behaviours that support optimum infant development. Despite a better understanding of the emotional dysregulation in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and its effects on infants, general practitioners have had few guidelines for how to recognise and help emotionally dysregulated mother-infant dyads. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on the behaviours and needs of infants whose mothers have BPD, including knowledge and skills for primary care practitioners to help these troubled families...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618083/borderline-personality-disorder-features-are-associated-with-concurrent-pain-related-disability-in-a-chronic-pain-sample
#13
Caleb J Reynolds, Sarah L Tragesser
Objective: To determine whether core features of borderline personality disorder are associated with increased rates of being on disability benefits due to chronic pain conditions. Subjects: A total of 147 patients currently in treatment for chronic pain at a multimodal chronic pain clinic. Methods: We tested for a concurrent relationship between borderline personality disorder features and employment status using self-report measures. Results: Borderline personality disorder features were associated with increased likelihood of currently being on disability due to pain conditions (odds ratio [OR] = 23...
April 3, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611336/the-association-between-locus-of-control-emotion-regulation-and-borderline-personality-disorder-features
#14
Nora H Hope, Matthew A Wakefield, Lynnaea Northey, Alexander L Chapman
BACKGROUND: Locus of control (LOC) represents individuals' beliefs about how much control they have over outcomes in their life. Previous research has found an association between external LOC and psychopathology. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by mood instability, identity disturbance and difficulties in impulse control. AIMS: The aims of this study are to evaluate the relationship between BPD features and LOC in a non-clinical sample and to assess whether external LOC is associated with BPD features after controlling for symptoms of depression and anxiety...
April 2, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608131/do-patients-with-different-psychiatric-disorders-show-altered-social-decision-making-a-systematic-review-of-ultimatum-game-experiments-in-clinical-populations
#15
Barbara Hinterbuchinger, Alexander Kaltenboeck, Josef Severin Baumgartner, Nilufar Mossaheb, Fabian Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Impairments in social functioning are a common feature of psychiatric disorders. Game paradigms pose a unique way for studying how people make decisions in interpersonal contexts. In the last decade, researchers have started to use these paradigms to study social decision-making in patients with psychiatric disorders. PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic literature review is to summarise the currently available evidence on the behaviour of patients with psychiatric disorders in the commonly used Ultimatum Game (UG)...
April 2, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596715/psychopharmacology-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Barbara J Limandri
Treating individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex and challenging process fraught with clinician stigma and bias. Clinically, polypharmacy is the most common approach, even though it is more likely to produce greater drug-drug adverse effects and interactions than effective improvement in symptoms. Currently, there are no approved medications specific for the treatment of BPD. The current article reviews the extant literature on psychopharmacology and provides treatment recommendations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594580/interoception-and-its-interaction-with-self-other-and-emotion-processing-implications-for-the-understanding-of-psychosocial-deficits-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Annette Löffler, Jens Foell, Robin Bekrater-Bodmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review evidence for the potential importance of interoception, i.e., the processing of signals arising from inside the body, for deficient psychosocial functioning in borderline personality disorder (BPD). RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence suggests that variability in interoception interacts with higher-order psychological functions such as self, other, and emotion processing. These domains are characteristically impaired in BPD, suggesting a likely causal role of disturbed interoception in the etiology of the disorder...
March 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593589/comorbid-diagnosis-of-psychotic-disorders-in-borderline-personality-disorder-prevalence-and-influence-on-outcome
#18
C W Slotema, Jan D Blom, Marieke B A Niemantsverdriet, Mathijs Deen, Iris E C Sommer
Background: A diagnosis of psychotic disorder is traditionally considered incompatible with borderline personality disorder (BPD), even though patients sometimes fulfill the diagnostic criteria for both disorders. How often this happens is barely known, as is the influence of comorbid psychotic disorders on the outcome of BPD. Since studies on isolated auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with BPD indicate that these perceptual symptoms have severe consequences and are associated with suicidal behavior and hospitalization, patients with comorbid psychotic disorders are unlikely to fare better...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588857/the-role-of-maternal-care-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-dependent-life-stress
#19
Ericka Ball Cooper, Amanda Venta, Carla Sharp
Background: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) affects 0.9%-3.2% of adolescents, and more than 20% of inpatient adolescents. Life stress has been linked to BPD across the lifespan, and previous research in adults has linked BPD to dependent stress (i.e., stress induced by the individual). However, prior research has not examined dependent stress alongside BPD in adolescents. Additionally, the potential protective effect of maternal care has not been considered in this relation. This study tested a moderation model expecting that (1) BPD would be positively associated with dependent life stress, (2) maternal care would be negatively associated with BPD, and (3) maternal care would moderate the relation between BPD and dependent life stress...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582581/mentalization-based-treatment-or-psychodynamic-treatment-programmes-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-impact-of-clinical-severity
#20
Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Geir Pedersen, Espen Folmo, Øyvind Urnes, Merete Selsbakk Johansen, Benjamin Hummelen, Theresa Wilberg, Sigmund Karterud
OBJECTIVES: Mentalization-based treatment (MBT), originally designed for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), may be particularly indicated for severe conditions. However, there is limited documentation of how increasing severity of personality disorder (PD) effect outcomes of highly specialized treatments. This study aimed to investigate associations between clinical severity and outcomes for patients in MBT as compared to a psychodynamic group-based treatment programme (PDT)...
March 26, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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