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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526931/reduced-amygdala-reactivity-and-impaired-working-memory-during-dissociation-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Annegret Krause-Utz, Dorina Winter, Friederike Schriner, Chui-De Chiu, Stefanie Lis, Philip Spinhoven, Martin Bohus, Christian Schmahl, Bernet M Elzinga
Affective hyper-reactivity and impaired cognitive control of emotional material are core features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). A high percentage of individuals with BPD experience stress-related dissociation, including emotional numbing and memory disruptions. So far little is known about how dissociation influences the neural processing of emotional material in the context of a working memory task in BPD. We aimed to investigate whole-brain activity and amygdala functional connectivity (FC) during an Emotional Working Memory Task (EWMT) after dissociation induction in un-medicated BPD patients compared to healthy controls (HC)...
May 19, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526631/mating-strategies-and-sexual-functioning-in-personality-disorders-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
Alberto Collazzoni, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Carmela Marucci, Daniele Mollaioli, Stefania Di Sante, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Mario Maggi, Giovanni Castellini, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders impair several aspects of intrapsychic and interpersonal life. In particular, mating strategies and sexual functioning could manifest in different and/or dysfunctional ways in people with personality disorders. AIM: To describe, through a comprehensive review of the literature, the mating strategies and sexual functioning in patients with personality disorders. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the relation between mating strategies and sexual functioning in personality disorders...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#3
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
May 19, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516734/does-co-occurring-borderline-personality-disorder-influence-acute-phase-treatment-for-first-episode-psychosis
#4
Shona M Francey, Martina Jovev, Christina Phassouliotis, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
BACKGROUND: This aims of this study were: (1) to determine the prevalence of co-occurring borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a first-episode psychosis (FEP) sample; (2) to determine differences between patients with and without BPD on demographics, comorbidities and clinical risks and other variables; and (3) to examine whether BPD comorbidity influenced treatment received by patients for FEP during their first 3 months after service entry to a specialist early psychosis service...
May 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513351/mind-the-fathers-associations-of-parental-childhood-adversities-with-borderline-personality-disorder-pathology-in-female-adolescents
#5
Corinna Reichl, Romuald Brunner, Anna Fuchs, Birger Holz, Peter Parzer, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Previous research revealed significant relations between the experience of childhood adversity (CA) and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood. However, it is still uncertain whether parental CA could have a transgenerational association with adolescent BPD. We investigated associations between parents' CA (antipathy, neglect, physical abuse) and BPD traits within a clinical adolescent sample and tested for mediating variables. The sample consists of 91 female inpatients, along with 84 mothers and 59 fathers...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513348/measurement-invariance-between-genders-on-two-measures-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Amy Paggeot, Steven Huprich
Gender bias in the diagnosis and assessment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been the subject of much controversy in the psychological research literature. Evidence regarding differential prevalence rates and diagnostic rates in clinical settings between genders has been mixed, and measurement bias is one potential explanation for these mixed findings. A total of 340 participants were recruited from a Midwestern university and four outpatient community mental health clinics. They were administered two structured clinical interviews for BPD that were then evaluated for measurement invariance...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513345/borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-sensitivity-to-injustice
#7
Stefanie Lis, Anna Schaedler, Lisa Liebke, Sophie Hauschild, Janine Thome, Christian Schmahl, Dagmar Stahlberg, Niko Kleindienst, Martin Bohus
Hypersensitivity to injustice has been proposed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We investigated whether BPD features are related to sensitivity to injustice and whether justice sensitivity mediates the relationship between BPD features and aggressive behavior. In an online survey, subjects reported justice sensitivity from the perspective of a victim, an observer, a beneficiary, and a perpetrator, as well as BPD features and their own aggressive behavior...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513343/the-impact-of-social-exclusion-on-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-performance-in-relation-to-borderline-personality-disorder-features
#8
Megan Savage, Mark F Lenzenweger
In this study we used the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) to explore facial emotion recognition in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We also used Cyberball, a computerized task designed to mimic social ostracism, to examine the response of BPD-feature participants to social exclusion. Seventeen individuals with BPD features were compared to 16 healthy controls on RMET performance pre- and post-exclusion via Cyber-ball. Our results revealed a significant interaction between BPD-feature status and RMET performance in relation to neutral stimuli following a social exclusion experience...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501733/insomnia-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-comparison-with-borderline-personality-disorder-population-in-a-clinical-setting-and-control-participants
#9
Sébastien Weibel, Françoise Jermann, Luisa Weiner, Rosetta Nicastro, Stefano Ardu, Eleonore Pham, Roland Hasler, Alexandre Dayer, Paco Prada, Nader Perroud
OBJECTIVES: Many adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) report sleeping difficulties. The relationship between sleep and ADHD is poorly understood, and shows discrepancies between subjective and objective measures. In order to determine the specificity of sleep-associated symptoms in ADHD, subjective sleep assessments among ADHD adult patients were compared with control subjects and with individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: 129 outpatients with ADHD, 70 with BPD (including 17 patients with BPD and ADHD comorbidity), and 65 control participants were assessed for sleep quality, insomnia, and sleepiness, using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499576/an-introduction-to-the-model-of-crisis-intervention-procedure-for-borderline-patients-cip-bp-a-case-study
#10
Tytus Koweszko, Jacek Gierus, Magdalena Więdłocha, Anna Mosiołek, Agata Szulc
Borderline personality disorder is highly associated with suicidal behaviors. The authors of the current case study present the introduction model of original Crisis Intervention Procedure for Borderline Patients (CIP-BP) which is a method focused on restoring emotional balance, reducing the severity of symptoms and the risk of suicidal behavior, as well as developing optimum solutions for further action. Its aim is to enable the patient to regain control of their emotional memory, increase autonomy and restore important interpersonal relations by using the original resources of this person...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496420/impaired-maintenance-of-interpersonal-synchronization-in-musical-improvisations-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Katrien Foubert, Tom Collins, Jos De Backer
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious and complex mental disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 5.9%, characterized by pervasive difficulties with emotion regulation, impulse control, and instability in interpersonal relationships and self-image. Impairments in interpersonal functioning have always been a prominent characteristic of BPD, indicating a need for research to identify the specific interpersonal processes that are problematic for diagnosed individuals. Previous research has concentrated on self-report questionnaires, unidirectional tests, and experimental paradigms wherein the exchange of social signals between individuals was not the focus...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493749/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-and-the-functional-organization-of-preschoolers-emotional-expressions-and-regulatory-behaviors
#12
Grace Binion, Maureen Zalewski
Although psychopathology in mothers is known to be a significant risk factor for child outcomes, less is known about how emotion dysregulation, a transdiagnostic feature that cuts across many diagnoses, shapes emotion-related parenting practices and the development of emotion regulation in offspring. Building upon previous research that examined the functional relations between emotions and regulatory actions in children, we sought to examine the association of maternal emotion dysregulation and emotion socialization with these functional links in an at-risk community sample of mother-preschooler (children ages 36-60 months) dyads that oversampled for mothers with elevated symptoms of borderline personality disorder (n = 68)...
May 11, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490245/-childhood-traumatization-dissociation-and-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Katalin Merza, János Harmatta, Gábor Papp, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
INTRODUCTION: Childhood traumatization plays a significant role in the etiology of borderline personality disorder. Studies found a significant association between childhood traumatization, dissociation, and nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior. AIM: The aim of our study was to assess dissociation and nonsuicidal self-injury among borderline inpatients and to reveal the association between childhood traumatization, dissociation, and self-injurious behavior. METHOD: The sample consisted of 80 borderline inpatients and 73 depressed control patients...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488884/evaluation-of-a-novel-risk-assessment-method-for-self-harm-associated-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Sathya Rao, Jillian H Broadbear, Katherine Thompson, Anna Correia, Martin Preston, Paul Katz, Robert Trett
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with frequent self-harm and suicidal behaviours. This study compared physician-assessed self-harm risk and intervention choice according to a (i) standard risk assessment and (ii) BPD-specific risk assessment methods. METHODS: Forty-five junior and senior mental health physicians were assigned to standard or BPD-specific risk training groups. The assessment utilized a BPD case vignette containing four scenarios describing high/low lethality self-harm and chronic/new patterns of self-harm behaviour...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488379/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-mentalization-based-treatment-mbt-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Dawn L Bales, Roel Verheul, Joost Hutsebaut
There are several evidence-based treatments for borderline personality disorder, but very little is known about the success or failure of implementation in daily practice. This study aims to investigate the success or failure of newly started mentalization-based treatment programs, and to explore the barriers and facilitators. The implementation trajectories of seven different mentalization-based treatment programs in six mental health clinics in the Netherlands were included in a multiple case study combining a qualitative and quantitative design...
May 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484600/health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychopathological-distress-in-risk-taking-and-self-harming-adolescents-with-full-syndrome-subthreshold-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder-rethinking-the-clinical-cut-off
#16
Michael Kaess, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Julian Koenig
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic standards do not acknowledge developmental specifics and differences in the clinical presentation of adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). BPD is associated with severe impairments in health related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased psychopathological distress. Previously no study addressed differences in HRQoL and psychopathology in adolescents with subthreshold and full-syndrome BPD as well as adolescents at-risk for the development but no current BPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484382/structural-alterations-in-the-corpus-callosum-are-associated-with-suicidal-behavior-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Alexander Lischke, Martin Domin, Harald J Freyberger, Hans J Grabe, Renate Mentel, Dorothee Bernheim, Martin Lotze
Structural alterations in the corpus callosum (CC), the major white matter tract connecting functionally related brain regions in the two hemispheres, have been shown to be associated with emotional instability, impulsivity and suicidality in various mental disorders. To explore whether structural alterations of the CC would be similarly associated with emotional instability, impulsivity and suicidality in borderline personality disorder (BPD), we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to assess the structural integrity of the CC in 21 BPD and 20 healthy control (HC) participants...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480806/mechanisms-of-change-in-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-and-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#18
Susie Rudge, Janet Denise Feigenbaum, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the "active ingredients" of psychological therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) despite a growing evidence base documenting its clinical effectiveness. This information can be used by clinicians to inform service planning and care pathways. AIMS: The aim of this study was to review published empirical research investigating the potential mechanisms underlying therapeutic change in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for BPD...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467893/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-on-interpretation-and-expression-of-emotions
#19
REVIEW
Jenni Leppanen, Kah Wee Ng, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure
Accurate interpretation and appropriate expression of emotions are key aspects of social-cognition. Several mental disorders are characterised by transdiagnostic difficulties in these areas and, recently, there has been increasing interest in exploring the effects of oxytocin on social-emotional functioning. This review consists of 33 studies. Fifteen of the studies included people with autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, frontotemporal dementia, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and opioid and alcohol dependence...
April 30, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458633/event-related-potentials-altered-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-during-working-memory-tasks
#20
Ying Liu, Mingtian Zhong, Chang Xi, Xinhu Jin, Xiongzhao Zhu, Shuqiao Yao, Jinyao Yi
Whereas some studies have demonstrated impaired working memory (WM) among patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), these findings have not been consistent. Furthermore, there is a lack of neurophysiological evidence about WM function in patients with BPD. The goal of this study was to examine WM function in patients with BPD by using event-related potentials (ERPs). An additional goal was to explore whether characteristics of BPD (i.e., impulsiveness and emotional instability) are associated with WM impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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