keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"borderline personality disorder"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430672/lamotrigine-uses-in-psychiatric-practice-beyond-bipolar-prophylaxis-a-hope-or-hype
#1
Ahmed Naguy, Najah Al-Enezi
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine (LAM), an antiepileptic, with panoply of indications and uses in neurology, is FDA approved, in psychiatry, for bipolar prophylaxis. Apart from this indication, trend of its use in psychiatry is on the rise addressing a multitude of disorders. STUDY QUESTION: LAM remains one of only few psychotropic drugs with antiglutamate activity. This might render LAM a potential therapeutic option in treatment-resistant major psychiatric disorders. We reviewed LAM pharmacology and its diverse indications while examining the extant evidence...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426364/patterns-of-mood-and-personality-factors-and-associations-with-sti-hiv-related-drug-and-sex-risk-among-african-american-male-inmates
#2
Joy D Scheidell, Carl W Lejuez, Carol E Golin, Adaora A Adimora, David A Wohl, Larry D Keen, Michael Hammond, Selena Judon-Monk, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. METHODS: We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n = 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425747/early-change-in-coping-strategies-in-responsive-treatments-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-mediation-analysis
#3
Ueli Kramer, Sabine Keller, Franz Caspar, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Stéphane Kolly
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in emotion regulation is a hallmark feature of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Therefore, change in the frequency of certain patients' coping strategies-aiming at emotion regulation-are among the most promising mechanisms of change in treatments for BPD. In parallel, it was highlighted that therapist responsiveness significantly contributed to outcome across treatment approaches (Stiles, 2009). Based on a randomized controlled trial (Kramer et al...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#4
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422422/psychopathology-and-social-functioning-of-42-subjects-from-a-danish-ultra-high-risk-cohort
#5
Helle Karkov Madsen, Dorte Nordholm, Kristine Krakauer, Lasse Randers, Merete Nordentoft
AIM: To make a thorough characterization of the co-morbidity, psychopathology and demographics in the first Danish ultra high-risk (UHR) sample. METHOD: Forty-two UHR subjects went through comprehensive interviews assessing their psychopathology, psychiatric disorders, substance use and family history of psychiatric disorders. RESULTS: All UHR subjects met the criteria of at least 1 axis I diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and met on average four diagnoses (both axis I and II), mostly within the areas of depression, anxiety and substance abuse...
April 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420454/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-the-codevelopment-among-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-major-depression-symptoms-and-substance-use-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#6
Marina A Bornovalova, Brad Verhulst, Troy Webber, Matt McGue, William G Iacono, Brian M Hicks
Although borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits decline from adolescence to adulthood, comorbid psychopathology such as symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD), alcohol use disorder (AUD), and drug use disorders (DUDs) likely disrupt this normative decline. Using a longitudinal sample of female twins (N = 1,763), we examined if levels of BPD traits were correlated with changes in MDD, AUD, and DUD symptoms from ages 14 to 24. A parallel process biometric latent growth model examined the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the relationships between developmental components of these phenotypes...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417647/mixed-states-in-bipolar-disorder-changes-in-dsm-5-and-current-treatment-recommendations
#7
Felix Betzler, Laura Apollonia Stöver, Philipp Sterzer, Stephan Köhler
OBJECTIVE: Mixed states in affective disorders represent a particular challenge in clinical routine, characterized by a complicated course of treatment and a worse treatment response. METHODS: Clinical features of mixed states and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria are presented and critical discussed. We then performed a systematic review using the terms 'bipolar', 'mixed' and 'randomized' to evaluate current treatment options...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414488/an-intervention-for-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-young-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Margaret S Andover, Heather T Schatten, Blair W Morris, Caroline S Holman, Ivan W Miller
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent among young adults and associated with negative medical and psychological consequences, necessitating its treatment. However, few treatments have been developed to treat NSSI specifically, or to treat the behavior among individuals without borderline personality disorder. The purpose of this study was to investigate the Treatment for Self-Injurious Behaviors (T-SIB), a brief, behavioral intervention specifically developed to treat NSSI among young adults, in a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414487/how-much-is-enough-examining-frequency-criteria-for-nssi-disorder-in-adolescent-inpatients
#9
Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Amy M Brausch, Jason J Washburn
OBJECTIVE: To empirically evaluate the diagnostic relevance of the proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; APA, 2013) Criterion-A frequency threshold for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) disorder. METHOD: Archival, de-identified, self-reported clinical assessment data from 746 adolescent psychiatric patients (Mage = 14.97; 88% female; 76% White) were used. The sample was randomly split into 2 unique samples for data analyses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#10
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407461/the-biological-basis-to-personality-disorders
#11
Malathi L Perugula, Puneet D Narang, Steven B Lippmann
Objective: To provide understanding into the biological basis of thinking and behavior in people with personality disorders, explain anatomic findings, and appraise therapeutic options. Data Sources: PubMed was searched with no date restrictions using the terms personality disorders DSM-5, cluster B personality disorders, biological psychiatry of personality disorders, neurobiology of personality disorders, and neurobiology of cluster B personality disorders. Study Selection/Data Extraction: We identified 2,790 English-language articles and utilized 18 in this report...
April 13, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405338/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-2-borderline-personality-disorder-epistemic-trust-and-the-developmental-significance-of-social-communication
#12
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
In Part 1 of this paper, we discussed emerging evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or 'p' factor underlying the various forms of psychopathology should be conceptualized in terms of the absence of resilience, that is, the absence of positive reappraisal mechanisms when faced with adversity. These impairments in the capacity for positive reappraisal seem to provide a comprehensive explanation for the association between the p factor and comorbidity, future caseness, and the 'hard-to-reach' character of many patients with severe personality pathology, most notably borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402839/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-criminal-justice-system-involvement-the-roles-of-emotion-driven-difficulties-controlling-impulsive-behaviors-and-physical-aggression
#13
Kelly E Moore, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of risky behaviors, including criminal behaviors. Yet, limited research has examined the relation of BPD to criminal justice (CJ) involvement, or the mechanisms underlying this relation. PROCEDURES: This study examined the role of two mechanisms, emotion-driven difficulties controlling impulsive behaviors and physical aggression, in the relation between BPD symptom severity and CJ involvement among 118 patients in residential substance abuse treatment (76% male; 62% African-American)...
March 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399309/transdiagnostic-extension-of-delusions-schizophrenia-and-beyond
#14
Paul Bebbington, Daniel Freeman
Delusion is central to the conceptualization, definition, and identification of schizophrenia. However, in current classifications, the presence of delusions is neither necessary nor sufficient for the diagnosis of schizophrenia, nor is it sufficient to exclude the diagnosis of some other psychiatric conditions. Partly as a consequence of these classification rules, it is possible for delusions to exist transdiagnostically. In this article, we evaluate the extent to which this happens, and in what ways the characteristics of delusions vary according to diagnostic context...
March 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397403/the-neurobiology-of-social-deficits-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-importance-of-oxytocin
#15
Anne Cathrine Bomann, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Sune Bo, Marianne Nielsen, Lene Bjerring Gede, Betina Elfving, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Social deficits and emotional dysregulation have been suggested as explanations for the relational difficulties experienced by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is a possible neurobiological underpinning of these adversities, and this study examines possible correlations between BPD symptomatology and serum OXT. METHODS: Thirty-eight female participants (BPD group n = 18, matched control group n = 20) with a mean age of 29...
April 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388995/brain-mechanisms-underlying-reactive-aggression-in-borderline-personality-disorder-sex-matters
#16
Sabine C Herpertz, Krisztina Nagy, Kai Ueltzhöffer, Ruth Schmitt, Falk Mancke, Christian Schmahl, Katja Bertsch
BACKGROUND: Aggression in borderline personality disorder (BPD) is thought to be mediated through emotion dysregulation via high trait anger. Until now, data comparing anger and aggression in female and male patients with BPD have been widely missing on the behavioral and particularly the brain levels. METHODS: Thirty-three female and 23 male patients with BPD and 30 healthy women and 26 healthy men participated in this functional magnetic resonance imaging study...
March 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383936/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-aggression-a-within-person-process-model
#17
Lori N Scott, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis, Stephanie D Stepp
Theoretical and empirical work suggests that aggression in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) occurs primarily in the context of emotional reactivity, especially anger and shame, in response to perceived rejection. Using intensive repeated measures, we examined a within-person process model in which perceived rejection predicts increases in aggressive urges and behaviors via increases in negative affect (indirect effect) and in which BPD symptoms exacerbate this process (moderated mediation). Participants were 117 emerging adult women (ages 18-24) with recent histories of aggressive behavior who were recruited from a community-based longitudinal study of at-risk youth...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377808/the-outcomes-of-home-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Sibel Turhan, Mark Taylor
Aims and method There is currently no trial or other scientific evidence informing the efficacy of any crisis intervention for people with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We aimed to assess the patterns of service use by patients with BPD taken on for crisis resolution and home treatment between 2010 and 2013. Patients with a diagnosis of BPD were identified and demographic and clinical data were collected. Results All patients were female, and a high proportion had recurrent presentations to crisis and home treatment services in Edinburgh...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376683/analyzing-the-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-study
#19
F Gallé, A Cirella, A M Salzano, V Di Onofrio, P Belfiore, G Liguori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371657/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-genotype-modulates-amygdala-habituation
#20
M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Antonia S New, Kim E Goldstein, Daniel Rosell, Qiaoping Yuan, Zhifeng Zhou, Colin Hodgkinson, David Goldman, Larry J Siever, Erin A Hazlett
A deficit in amygdala habituation to repeated emotional stimuli may be an endophenotype of disorders characterized by emotion dysregulation, such as borderline personality disorder (BPD). Amygdala reactivity to emotional stimuli is genetically modulated by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) variants. Whether amygdala habituation itself is also modulated by BDNF genotypes remains unknown. We used imaging-genetics to examine the effect of BDNF Val66Met genotypes on amygdala habituation to repeated emotional stimuli...
March 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
91590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"