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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730717/measuring-the-contribution-of-art-therapy-in-multidisciplinary-treatment-of-personality-disorders-the-construction-of-the-self-expression-and-emotion-regulation-in-art-therapy-scale-serats
#1
Suzanne Haeyen, Susan van Hooren, William M van der Veld, Giel Hutschemaekers
Despite the use of art therapy in clinical practice, its appreciation and reported beneficial results, no instruments are available to measure specific effects of art therapy among patients with personality disorders cluster B/C in multidisciplinary treatment. In the present study, we described the development and psychometric evaluation of the Self-expression and Emotion Regulation in Art Therapy Scale (SERATS). Structural validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), reliability, construct validity and sensitivity to change were examined using two independent databases (n = 335; n = 34) of patients diagnosed with personality disorders cluster B/C...
July 21, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720721/predictors-of-repeat-visits-to-hospital-psychiatric-emergency-departments-in-malaga-spain-and-in-lisbon-portugal
#2
Berta Moreno-Kã Stner, Ingeborg Warnke, Carlos Nordt, Gemma Fernandez, Josà Ramos, Pedro Paulino-Matos, Wulf Rössler, Graça Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the profile of people with mental disorders attending emergency departments (EDs) in two countries and to identify specific mental disorders associated with repeat emergency visits. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of 1 year of EDs data from two hospitals with psychiatric departments, one in Amadora/Sintra (Lisbon, Portugal, 2008) and the other in Malaga (Spain, 2009), were carried out. To determine which mental disorders were associated with repeat visits in each setting, negative binomial models were calculated...
July 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715261/social-media-use-and-conduct-problems-in-emerging-adults
#4
Victoria L Galica, Anna Vannucci, Kaitlin M Flannery, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
Social media use has become pervasive in the lives of emerging adults. Although social media may provide individuals with positive opportunities for communication and learning, social media sites also may provide an outlet for youth conduct problems, such as bullying, harassment, and intentional hostility and aggression toward others. Yet, the relationship between social media use and conduct problems remains unclear. This study investigated the association between conduct disorder (CD) symptoms before age 15 and social media use during emerging adulthood in a large, nationally representative sample...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#5
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714268/nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#6
Ben Spears, Helen Tyrer, Peter Tyrer
Nidotherapy is a new form of psychological therapy that aims to improve mental health by a systematic and collaborative manipulation of the environment in all its forms without focusing on alleviation of symptoms. Following treatment with nidotherapy, we describe a dramatic, and continuing, improvement in a woman with comorbid severe depressive illness and borderline personality disorder. She had made repeated serious suicide attempts over the previous 25 years and had received many drug and psychological treatments without success...
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714185/empirical-and-narrative-approaches-to-case-study-designs-a-commentary-on-nidotherapy-in-the-successful-management-of-comorbid-depressive-and-personality-disorder
#7
Christopher J Hopwood, Justin D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712990/supervoxel-based-statistical-analysis-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-schizotypal-personality-disorder
#8
Teng Zhang, Lin Shi, Qing Zhang, Jianlin Wu, Jian Lv, Defeng Wang
To study white matter changes in schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), we developed a new statistical analysis method based on supervoxels for diffusion tensor imaging. Twenty patients with SPD and eighteen healthy controls were recruited from a pool of 3000 first-year university undergraduates, and underwent MRI using a 3T scanner. Diffusion tensors were first normalized into ICBM-152 space followed by a supervoxel segmentation based on graph clustering to segment white matter tensors into diffusion homogeneous supervoxels...
July 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710927/effects-of-brief-mindful-breathing-and-loving-kindness-meditation-on-shame-and-social-problem-solving-abilities-among-individuals-with-high-borderline-personality-traits
#9
Shian-Ling Keng, Jun Xian Tan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental condition characterized by a range of cognitive and behavioral vulnerabilities, including chronic shame and deficits in social problem solving (SPS) abilities. Little research however, has examined strategies that may alleviate shame and SPS deficits among individuals with BPD traits. Using a laboratory experimental approach, the present study compared the effects of a brief mindfulness versus loving-kindness meditation (LKM) induction on shame and SPS abilities in a sample of adults with high BPD traits...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710917/for-whom-does-interpersonal-psychotherapy-work-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Samantha L Bernecker, Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino, Paula Ravitz
The efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to treat depression and other disorders is well established, yet it remains unknown which patients will benefit more from IPT than another treatment. This review summarizes 46years of clinical trial research on patient characteristics that moderate the relative efficacy of IPT vs. different treatments. Across 57 studies from 33 trials comparing IPT to pharmacotherapy, another psychotherapy, or control, there were few consistent indicators of when IPT would be more or less effective than another treatment...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708357/-mentalizing-in-liaison-psychiatry
#11
Paco Prada, Pierre Cole, Guido Bondolfi, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
In the past few years, there has been an increased and widespread interest for Mentalization-Based Therapies (MBTs). Although originally developed by Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy for the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), the scope of MBTs has now been broadened and is relevant in liaison psychiatry, not only to cope with personality disorders or phenomena such as emotional dysregulation and suicidal behaviours, but also because being ill and expericencieng a dependency-laden relationship with health workers tend to reduce mentalization capacities, thereby increasing the probability of misunderstandings, conflicts, treatment drop-outs or medical errors...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703950/randomized-controlled-trial-of-web-based-psychoeducation-for-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Mary C Zanarini, Lindsey C Conkey, Christina M Temes, Garrett M Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To determine if internet-based psychoeducation for borderline personality disorder is effective in reducing symptom severity and improving psychosocial functioning. METHODS: Eighty women who met DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder were randomly assigned either to the internet-based psychoeducation treatment group (n = 40) or to the internet-based control group with no psychoeducation (n = 40). Recruitment was conducted from July 2013 to March 2015...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701098/-ait-adolescent-identity-treatment-an-integrative-treatment-model-for-the-treatment-of-personality-disorders
#13
Susanne Schlüter-Müller
AIT (Adolescent Identity Treatment) - an Integrative Treatment Model for the Treatment of Personality Disorders Personality disorders are patterns of maladaptive personality traits that have an impact on the individual throughout the life span. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a very severe, but treatable mental disorder. Identity disturbance is seen as the central construct for detecting severe personality pathology - and, most notably, borderline personality disorder - in adults and adolescents. Crises in the development of identity usually resolve into a normal and consolidated identity with flexible and adaptive functioning whereas identity diffusion is viewed as a lack of integration of the concept of the self and significant others...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701096/-the-outpatient-clinic-for-adolescent-risk-taking-and-self-harm-behaviors-atr-sk-a-pioneering-approach-of-outpatient-early-detection-and-intervention-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Michael Kaess, Denisa Ghinea, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch
The Outpatient Clinic for Adolescent Risk-taking and Self-harm behaviors (AtR!Sk) - A Pioneering Approach of Outpatient Early Detection and Intervention of Borderline Personality Disorder Self-harm and risk-taking behaviors are frequently occurring problems in adolescents' everyday life and commonly challenge the present child and adolescent health-care system. Those behaviors are typical features of borderline-personality disorder (BPD), a severe mental disorder that is associated with immense psychological strain, increased risk of mortality and poor psychosocial functioning...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701091/-mentalization-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-concept-and-efficacy
#15
Svenja Taubner, Jana Volkert, Thorsten-Christian Gablonski, Trudie Rossouw
Mentalization-Based Treatment for Adolescents with Borderline Personality Disorder - Concept and Efficacy In recent years, the concept of mentalization has become increasingly important in practice and research. It describes the imaginative ability to understand human behavior in terms of mental states. Mentalization is a central component to understand the etiology and to treat patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both adult and adolescent patients with BPD have limited mentalization abilities, which can be reliably assessed using the Reflective Functioning Scale...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701090/-transference-focused-psychotherapy-for-borderline-adolescents-in-a-day-clinic-treatment-program
#16
Maya Krischer, Tamara Ponton-Rodriguez, Ghazal Rostami Gooran, Stephan Bender
Transference Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline-Adolescents in a Day Clinic Treatment Program This paper focuses on the concept of transference focused psychotherapy (TFP) modified for juvenile borderline patients. Adolescents with borderline developmental personality disorder (bpd) have an essential deficit in their personality structure that leads to oscillations in their self-esteem and in a "split" perception of the world. They suffer from a variety of symptoms and severe impairments on their own and their families' quality of life...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699102/-the-concept-of-schizoidia-in-psychiatry-from-schizoidia-to-schizotypy-and-cluster%C3%A2-a-personality-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
From a perspective of conceptual evolution schizoidia was initially considered to describe features both of the premorbid personality of schizophrenic patients and of the personalities of non-psychotic family members (Bleuler, Kahlbaum, Kraepelin). On a psychopatholocial level a close link to the complex basic symptom of autism was stressed. From the very beginnings of modern psychiatry schizoidia was discussed within a conceptual frame of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (Kretschmer, Hoch, Polatin). Approaches to operationalize these conceptual works laid the basis for the cluster A personalities in DSM-III...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695871/psychiatric-disorders-and-obesity-a-review-of-association-studies
#18
REVIEW
T M Rajan, V Menon
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent evidence exists regarding the strength, direction, and moderators in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study aims to summarize the evidence on the association between psychiatric illness and obesity with particular attention to the strength and direction of association and also the possible moderators in each postulated link. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic electronic searches of MEDLINE through PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were carried out from inception till October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693512/a-prospective-quantitative-study-of-mental-health-act-assessments-in-england-following-the-2007-amendments-to-the-1983-act-did-the-changes-fulfill-their-promise
#19
Swaran P Singh, Moli Paul, Helen Parsons, Tom Burns, Peter Tyrer, Seena Fazel, Shoumitro Deb, Zoebia Islam, Jorun Rugkåsa, Ruchika Gajwani, Lavanya Thana, Michael J Crawford
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 2007 amendments to the MHA 1983 were implemented in England and Wales. The amendments were intended to remove perceived obstacles to the detention of high risk patients with personality disorders (PDs), sexual deviance and learning disabilities (LDs). The AMEND study aimed to test the hypothesis that the implementation of these changes would lead to an increase in numbers or proportions of patients with these conditions who would be assessed and detained under the MHA 2007...
July 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693486/performance-of-international-medical-students-in-psychosocial-medicine
#20
D Huhn, J Lauter, D Roesch Ely, E Koch, A Möltner, W Herzog, F Resch, S C Herpertz, C Nikendei
BACKGROUND: Particularly at the beginning of their studies, international medical students face a number of language-related, social and intercultural challenges. Thus, they perform poorer than their local counterparts in written and oral examinations as well as in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) in the fields of internal medicine and surgery. It is still unknown how international students perform in an OSCE in the field of psychosocial medicine compared to their local fellow students...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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