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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214436/impact-of-child-maltreatment-on-meaning-in-life-in-psychiatric-patients
#1
Sébastien Weibel, Sonia Vidal, Emilie Olié, Roland Hasler, Catherine Torriani, Paco Prada, Philippe Courtet, Sébastien Guillaume, Nader Perroud, Philippe Huguelet
Child maltreatment (CM) worsens prognosis and quality of life in several psychiatric conditions. Meaning in life is a construct which relates to the sense of purpose that one can perceive in life, and is a key aspect of recovery in psychiatric patients. The lasting impact of CM on meaning in life and its mediating variables have not been studied in patients with chronic persistent psychiatric conditions. One hundred and sixty-six patients with bipolar disorder (N=35), psychotic disorder (N=73), anorexia nervosa (N=30) or borderline personality disorder (N=28) were assessed for meaning in life (revised version of the Life Regard Index (LRI-R)), for CM (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ)) and for internalized/externalized psychopathology...
February 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213169/functional-outcomes-in-community-based-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Kristin N Javaras, Mary C Zanarini, James I Hudson, Shelly F Greenfield, John G Gunderson
Many individuals in clinical samples with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience high levels of functional impairment. However, little is known about the levels of functional impairment experienced by individuals with BPD in the general community. To address this issue, we compared overall and domain-specific (educational/occupational; social; recreational) functioning in a sample of community-based individuals with BPD (n = 164); community-based individuals without BPD (n = 901); and clinically-ascertained individuals with BPD (n = 61)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212505/long-term-validity-of-the-at-risk-mental-state-arms-for-predicting-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mental-disorders
#3
P Fusar-Poli, G Rutigliano, D Stahl, C Davies, A De Micheli, V Ramella-Cravaro, I Bonoldi, P McGuire
BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical validity of the At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for the prediction of non-psychotic mental disorders is unknown. METHODS: Clinical register-based cohort study including all non-psychotic individuals assessed by the Outreach And Support in South London (OASIS) service (2002-2015). The primary outcome was risk of developing any mental disorder (psychotic or non-psychotic). Analyses included Cox proportional hazard models, Kaplan-Meier survival/failure function and C statistics...
December 6, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211557/associations-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-biographical-context-in-patients-of-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#4
Michał Skalski, Jerzy A Sobański, Tomasz Golabek, Agata Świerkosz, Katarzyna Klasa, Mikołaj Przydacz, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation of subjectively estimated biographical context and lower urinary tract symptoms reported by patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the biographical context of co-existence of urinary frequency and urinary incontinence reported by 3,929 patients in a day hospital for treatment of neurotic disorders. The symptom checklists KO "0" were completed by patients prior to any treatment...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211556/occurrence-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patientsof-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#5
Jerzy A Sobański, Michał Skalski, Tomasz Gołąbek, Agata Świerkosz, Mikołaj Przydacz, Katarzyna Klasa, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr L Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the occurrence of selected lower urinary tract symptoms in the population of patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of occurrence, co-existence and severity of two selected lower urinary tract symptoms in 3,929 patients in a day hospital for neurotic disorders. The KO "O" symptom checklist was used to measure the study variables. RESULTS: Although the symptoms associated with micturition are not the most prevalent symptoms of neurotic disorders, neither are they the most typical ones, the prevalence of urinary frequency referring to the last week before psychotherapy evaluated among the patients of a day hospital, was approximately 50%...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210932/personality-and-attachment-in-transsexual-adults
#6
Vittorio Lingiardi, Guido Giovanardi, Alexandro Fortunato, Valentina Nassisi, Anna Maria Speranza
The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between personality features and attachment patterns in transsexual adults. We explored mental representations of attachment, assessed personality traits, and possible personality disorders. Forty-four individuals diagnosed with gender identity disorder (now gender dysphoria), 28 male-to-female and 16 female-to-male, were evaluated using the Shedler-Westen assessment procedure-200 (SWAP-200) to assess personality traits and disorders; the adult attachment interview was used to evaluate their attachment state-of-mind...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210229/longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity-and-personality-disorder-features-among-female-rape-survivors
#7
Michelle J Bovin, Erika J Wolf, Patricia A Resick
This study evaluated how change in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was associated with residualized change in comorbid personality disorder (PD) features and vice versa over the course of 5-10 years. The sample was comprised of 79 female rape survivors who met criteria for PTSD and who were a part of a larger study examining the effects of trauma-focused therapy. PTSD was assessed with the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale [CAPS-IV (1)] and PD features were assessed with the DSM-IV dimensional PD scales on the Schedule for Non-adaptive and Adaptive Personality [SNAP (2)]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208695/the-role-of-inhaled-loxapine-in-the-treatment-of-acute-agitation-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-clinical-review
#8
REVIEW
Domenico de Berardis, Michele Fornaro, Laura Orsolini, Felice Iasevoli, Carmine Tomasetti, Andrea de Bartolomeis, Nicola Serroni, Alessandro Valchera, Alessandro Carano, Federica Vellante, Stefano Marini, Monica Piersanti, Giampaolo Perna, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
Loxapine is a first generation antipsychotic, belonging to the dibenzoxazepine class. Recently, loxapine has been reformulated at a lower dose, producing an inhaled powder that can be directly administered to the lungs to treat the agitation associated with psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Thus, the aim of this narrative and clinical mini-review was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of inhaled loxapine in the treatment of acute agitation in patients with psychiatric disorders...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208079/bias-in-beliefs-about-the-self-is-associated-with-depressive-but-not-anxious-mood
#9
M C Obonsawin, J Carlisle, C J Patterson, K Black, K M Davidson, N Masson
BACKGROUND: Biases in beliefs about the self are associated with psychopathology and depressive and anxious mood, but it is not clear if both negative and positive beliefs are associated with depression or anxiety. We examined these relationships in people who present with a wide range of depressive and anxious mood across diagnostic categories. METHODS: We probed positive and negative beliefs about the self with a task in which 74 female participants with either affective disorder (depression and/or anxiety), borderline personality disorder or no psychiatric history indicated the degree to which 60 self-related words was "like them" or "not like them"...
January 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207916/principal-diagnoses-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-implications-for-screening-recommendations
#10
Mark Zimmerman, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Lia Rosenstein
BACKGROUND: In the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project, we examined how often borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the principal diagnosis in patients presenting for outpatient psychiatric treatment. To inform clinicians when it is most productive to screen for BPD, we examined the prevalence of BPD in psychiatric outpatients with different principal diagnoses. METHODS: In this study, 3,674 psychiatric outpatients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV BPD...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206807/accounting-for-the-association-between-bpd-features-and-chronic-pain-complaints-in-a-pain-patient-sample-the-role-of-emotion-dysregulation-factors
#11
Caleb J Reynolds, Ryan W Carpenter, Sarah L Tragesser
Although borderline personality disorder (BPD) features consistently show strong relations with chronic pain, the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. BPD is characterized by dysregulated emotion. Given previously observed relationships between emotion dysregulation and pain, we hypothesized that components of this dysregulation-elevated and labile negative affect and emotion sensitivity-would account for the relationship between BPD features and various pain complaints in a chronic pain patient sample...
February 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205232/preliminary-study-of-testosterone-and-empathy-in-determining-recidivism-and-antisocial-behavior
#12
Samuel J House, Jacob M Laan, Raymond K Molden, James C Ritchie, Zachary N Stowe
Recidivism, repeated criminal behavior after conviction and correction of prior offenses, is a costly problem across the nation. However, the contribution of empathy in determining the risk of recidivism has received limited attention, although lack of empathy has been related to antisocial personality disorder in various studies. Studies linked testosterone to aggression, antisocial behavior, and criminality, and evidence support hormonal connections between empathy and aggression. Adult male prison inmates convicted of violent or nonviolent offenses were included in a cross-sectional study of empathy, antisocial behavior, salivary testosterone, and recidivism...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199713/neural-mechanisms-underlying-affective-theory-of-mind-in-violent-antisocial-personality-disorder-and-or-schizophrenia
#13
Boris Schiffer, Christina Pawliczek, Bernhard W Müller, Jens Wiltfang, Martin Brüne, Michael Forsting, Elke R Gizewski, Norbert Leygraf, Sheilagh Hodgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199429/-emotional-processing-theory-and-prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Rafael Kichic, Noelí D'Alessio
Prolonged exposure therapy is a first-line treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. In this article we discuss the theoretical underpinnings and underlying mechanisms of PE, its efficacy and safety. We briefly describe the procedures involved in PE with special emphasis in imaginal exposure. Also, we present examples of efforts to integrate evidence-based treatments that concurrently target PTSD and borderline personality disorder. Next, we review efforts made to adapt the intervention to Hispanics. Finally, obstacles for disseminating and implementing PE are discussed...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197331/attachment-style-and-resiliency-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#15
Ali Zakiei, Mostafa Alikhani, Vahid Farnia, Zinab Khkian, Jalal Shakeri, Sanobar Golshani
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to determine the relationships between attachment styles and resiliency in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. METHODS: A random sample of 260 subjects was obtained from the population of undergraduate students of the Nour Branch of Islamic Azad University, which is located in Mazandaran, and these subjects were enrolled in this descriptive and correlational study. The collected data included the subjects' responses to an adult attachment style questionnaire, resilience scale, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder questionnaire...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196993/personality-disorders-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-of-severe-acne-a-cross-sectional-study-from-eastern-india
#16
Sharmila Sarkar, Paramita Patra, Kakali Mridha, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Rajarshi Guha Thakurta
BACKGROUND: In many patients, emotional stress may exacerbate acne. Psychological problems such as social phobias, low self-esteem, or depression may also occur as a result of acne. The presence of acne may have some negative effect on the quality of life, self-esteem, and mood of the affected patients. While some studies have been undertaken about anxiety, depression, and personality patterns in patients with acne, only a few studies have been done to identify specific personality disorders in patients with acne...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196992/subtyping-of-alcohol-dependence-in-indian-males-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#17
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Abhishek Ghosh, Madhu Khullar, Neeraj Kakkar
OBJECTIVES: Two cluster solutions for the subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) was investigated in an Indian male population. Subtypes were compared for various personality traits and childhood externalizing disorders. They were also compared with respect to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various candidate genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study conducted among 202 patients with AD. All patients were assessed with SSAGA-II for comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and childhood conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196462/should-mental-disorders-be-a-basis-for-physician-assisted-death
#18
Paul S Appelbaum
Laws permitting physician-assisted death in the United States currently are limited to terminal conditions. Canada is considering whether to extend the practice to encompass intractable suffering caused by mental disorders, and the question inevitably will arise in the United States. Among the problems seen in countries that have legalized assisted death for mental disorders are difficulties in assessing the disorder's intractability and the patient's decisional competence, and the disproportionate involvement of patients with social isolation and personality disorders...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194549/reconsidering-emotion-dysregulation
#19
REVIEW
Alessandra D'Agostino, Serena Covanti, Mario Rossi Monti, Vladan Starcevic
This article aims to review the concept of emotion dysregulation, focusing on issues related to its definition, meanings and role in psychiatric disorders. Articles on emotion dysregulation published until May 2016 were identified through electronic database searches. Although there is no agreement about the definition of emotion dysregulation, the following five overlapping, not mutually exclusive dimensions of emotion dysregulation were identified: decreased emotional awareness, inadequate emotional reactivity, intense experience and expression of emotions, emotional rigidity and cognitive reappraisal difficulty...
February 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192643/associations-between-substance-use-disorders-and-suicide-or-suicide-attempts-in-people-with-mental-illness-a-danish-nationwide-prospective-register-based-study-of-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-unipolar-depression-or-personality-disorder
#20
Marie L D Østergaard, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
AIM: To estimate and test associations between substance use disorders (SUDs) and both completed suicides and suicide attempts in a population with severe mental illness. DESIGN: Register-based cohort study with adjusted Cox regression of substance use disorders as time-varying covariates. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: People born in Denmark since 1955 with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (n = 35,625), bipolar disorder (n = 9,279), depression (n = 72,530), or personality disorder (n = 63,958)...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
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