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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533905/affect-in-response-to-stressors-and-coping-strategies-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Sadia R Chaudhury, Hanga Galfalvy, Emily Biggs, Tse-Hwei Choo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
BACKGROUND: Affect instability is a core symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Ecological momentary assessment allows for an understanding of real-time changes in affect in response to various daily stressors. The purpose of this study was to explore changes in affect in response to specific stressors and coping strategies in subjects with BPD utilizing ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology. METHODS: Subjects (n = 50) with BPD were asked to complete real-time assessments about stressors experienced, affect felt, and coping strategies employed six times per day for a 1-week period...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532273/childhood-trauma-affects-processing-of-social-interactions-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-event-related-potential-study-investigating-empathy-for-pain
#2
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have difficulties in empathizing with others and show disturbances in social interactions. Using a 'Social Interaction Empathy Task', we found that BPD patients judged neutral and psychologically painful conditions as more painful than healthy subjects. Here, we present the neural correlates underlying these differences in empathy for pain. METHODS: Female BPD patients and healthy controls completed the 'Social Interaction Empathy Task' during EEG recording...
May 22, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529826/interpersonal-problems-and-negative-affect-in-borderline-personality-and-depressive-disorders-in-daily-life
#3
Johanna Hepp, Sean P Lane, Ryan W Carpenter, Inga Niedtfeld, Whitney C Brown, Timothy J Trull
Theories of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suggest that interpersonal problems in BPD act as triggers for negative affect and, at the same time, are a possible result of affective dysregulation. Therefore, we assessed the relations between momentary negative affect (hostility, sadness, fear) and interpersonal problems (rejection, disagreement) in a sample of 80 BPD and 51 depressed outpatients at 6 time-points over 28 days. Data were analyzed using multivariate multi-level modeling to separate momentary-, day-, and person-level effects...
May 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529220/clinical-correlates-of-treatment-response-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-a-tertiary-nigerian-hospital
#4
Mark Sunday Ezeme, Richard Uwakwe, Appolos Chidi Ndukuba, Monday N Igwe, Paul Chigozie Odinka, Kennedy Amadi, Nichodemus O Obayi
A significant proportion of patients treated for schizophrenia respond poorly to medication. Few studies have systematically examined the impact of clinical characteristics of patients to antipsychotic response in our environment. The study aimed to identify clinical variables associated with response in patients with schizophrenia. A total of 172 participants diagnosed with schizophrenia, placed on antipsychotics, who presented for the first time to the hospital or have stopped medication in the preceding six months, whose responses were assessed after four to six weeks were studied...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528281/risk-of-stroke-among-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#5
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kai-Lin Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) had a higher prevalence of stroke-related risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. But, the association between BPD and subsequent stroke has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5969 borderline patients aged 18 years and older and 23,876 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up to the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528231/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-problem-gamblers-with-co-occurring-antisocial-personality-disorder
#6
Austin W Blum, Eric W Leppink, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVES: Problem gamblers with symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) may represent a distinct problem gambling subtype, but the neurocognitive profile of individuals affected by both disorders is poorly characterized. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking young adults (18-29years) who gambled ≥5 times in the preceding year were recruited from the general community. Problem gamblers (defined as those meeting ≥1 DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder) with a lifetime history of ASPD (N=26) were identified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and compared with controls (N=266) using questionnaire-based impulsivity scales and objective computerized neuropsychological tasks...
May 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527713/stability-or-instability-in-avoidant-personality-disorder-mode-fluctuations-within-schema-therapy-sessions
#7
Ofer Peled, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is among the most prevalent personality disorders, but has received relatively little empirical attention. This study aims to characterize the frequency, intensity, and fluctuation patterns seen in the modes (self-states) of APD clients over the course of schema therapy (ST), a psychotherapy approach developed especially for personality disorders. METHOD: The newly-developed client mode rating scale (CMRS) was used to code every 5-min segment (n = 645) of 60 ST sessions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#8
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526931/reduced-amygdala-reactivity-and-impaired-working-memory-during-dissociation-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Annegret Krause-Utz, Dorina Winter, Friederike Schriner, Chui-De Chiu, Stefanie Lis, Philip Spinhoven, Martin Bohus, Christian Schmahl, Bernet M Elzinga
Affective hyper-reactivity and impaired cognitive control of emotional material are core features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). A high percentage of individuals with BPD experience stress-related dissociation, including emotional numbing and memory disruptions. So far little is known about how dissociation influences the neural processing of emotional material in the context of a working memory task in BPD. We aimed to investigate whole-brain activity and amygdala functional connectivity (FC) during an Emotional Working Memory Task (EWMT) after dissociation induction in un-medicated BPD patients compared to healthy controls (HC)...
May 19, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526631/mating-strategies-and-sexual-functioning-in-personality-disorders-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#10
REVIEW
Alberto Collazzoni, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Carmela Marucci, Daniele Mollaioli, Stefania Di Sante, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Mario Maggi, Giovanni Castellini, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders impair several aspects of intrapsychic and interpersonal life. In particular, mating strategies and sexual functioning could manifest in different and/or dysfunctional ways in people with personality disorders. AIM: To describe, through a comprehensive review of the literature, the mating strategies and sexual functioning in patients with personality disorders. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the relation between mating strategies and sexual functioning in personality disorders...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#11
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
May 19, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517032/novel-psychoactive-substance-consumption-is-more-represented-in-bipolar-disorder-than-in-psychotic-disorders-a-multicenter-observational-study
#12
Tiziano Acciavatti, Matteo Lupi, Rita Santacroce, Andrea Aguglia, Luigi Attademo, Laura Bandini, Paola Ciambrone, Giulia Lisi, Giovanni Migliarese, Federica Pinna, Diego Quattrone, Michele Ribolsi, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Salvatore Calò, Fabrizio Schifano, Massimo di Giannantonio, Giovanni Martinotti
OBJECTIVE: Comorbidities between psychiatric diseases and use of traditional substances of abuse are common. Nevertheless, there are few data regarding the use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) among psychiatric patients. Aim of this multicentre survey is to investigate the consumption of a number of psychoactive substances in a young psychiatric sample. METHODS: Between December 2013 and September 2015, a questionnaire was administered in 10 Italian psychiatric care facilities to a sample of 671 patients, aged 18-26 (mean age 22...
May 18, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516734/does-co-occurring-borderline-personality-disorder-influence-acute-phase-treatment-for-first-episode-psychosis
#13
Shona M Francey, Martina Jovev, Christina Phassouliotis, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
BACKGROUND: This aims of this study were: (1) to determine the prevalence of co-occurring borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a first-episode psychosis (FEP) sample; (2) to determine differences between patients with and without BPD on demographics, comorbidities and clinical risks and other variables; and (3) to examine whether BPD comorbidity influenced treatment received by patients for FEP during their first 3 months after service entry to a specialist early psychosis service...
May 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515474/blunted-ambiguity-aversion-during-cost-benefit-decisions-in-antisocial-individuals
#14
Joshua W Buckholtz, Uma Karmarkar, Shengxuan Ye, Grace M Brennan, Arielle Baskin-Sommers
Antisocial behavior is often assumed to reflect aberrant risk processing. However, many of the most significant forms of antisocial behavior, including crime, reflect the outcomes of decisions made under conditions of ambiguity rather than risk. While risk and ambiguity are formally distinct and experimentally dissociable, little is known about ambiguity sensitivity in individuals who engage in chronic antisocial behavior. We used a financial decision-making task in a high-risk community-based sample to test for associations between sensitivity to ambiguity, antisocial behavior, and arrest history...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514693/drinking-despite-health-problems-among-individuals-with-liver-disease-across-the-united-states
#15
Jennifer C Elliott, Malka Stohl, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: Heavy drinking is harmful for individuals with liver disease. However, some of these individuals drink despite knowledge of the risks. The current study aims to identify factors underlying drinking despite health problems among individuals with liver disease. METHODS: The current study utilizes a subsample of individuals reporting past-year liver disease and at least one drink in the past year (n=331), taken from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III), a large nationally representative survey of the United States...
May 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513351/mind-the-fathers-associations-of-parental-childhood-adversities-with-borderline-personality-disorder-pathology-in-female-adolescents
#16
Corinna Reichl, Romuald Brunner, Anna Fuchs, Birger Holz, Peter Parzer, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Previous research revealed significant relations between the experience of childhood adversity (CA) and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood. However, it is still uncertain whether parental CA could have a transgenerational association with adolescent BPD. We investigated associations between parents' CA (antipathy, neglect, physical abuse) and BPD traits within a clinical adolescent sample and tested for mediating variables. The sample consists of 91 female inpatients, along with 84 mothers and 59 fathers...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513349/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-standardized-assessment-of-severity-of-personality-disorder-saspd
#17
Kike Olajide, Jasna Munjiza, Paul Moran, Lesley O'Connell, Giles Newton-Howes, Paul Bassett, Akintomide Gbolagade, Nicola Ng, Peter Tyrer, Roger Mulder, Mike J Crawford
Personality disorder (PD) is increasingly categorized according to its severity, but there is no simple way to screen for severity according to ICD-11 criteria. We set out to develop the Standardized Assessment of Severity of Personality Disorder (SASPD). A total of 110 patients completed the SASPD together with a clinical assessment of the severity of personality disorder. We examined the predictive ability of the SASPD using the area under the ROC curve (AUC). Two to four weeks later, 43 patients repeated the SASPD to examine reliability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513348/measurement-invariance-between-genders-on-two-measures-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Amy Paggeot, Steven Huprich
Gender bias in the diagnosis and assessment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been the subject of much controversy in the psychological research literature. Evidence regarding differential prevalence rates and diagnostic rates in clinical settings between genders has been mixed, and measurement bias is one potential explanation for these mixed findings. A total of 340 participants were recruited from a Midwestern university and four outpatient community mental health clinics. They were administered two structured clinical interviews for BPD that were then evaluated for measurement invariance...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513346/psychoeducation-and-problem-solving-peps-therapy-for-adults-with-personality-disorder-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mary McMurran, Florence Day, Joseph Reilly, Juan Delport, Paul McCrone, Diane Whitham, Wei Tan, Conor Duggan, Alan A Montgomery, Hywel C Williams, Clive E Adams, Huajie Jin, Paul Moran, Mike J Crawford
We compared psychoeducation and problem solving (PEPS) therapy against usual treatment in a multisite randomized-controlled trial. The primary outcome was social functioning. We aimed to recruit 444 community-dwelling adults with personality disorder; however, safety concerns led to an early cessation of recruitment. A total of 154 people were randomized to PEPS and 152 to usual treatment. Follow-up at 72 weeks was completed for 68%. PEPS therapy was no more effective than usual treatment for improving social functioning (adjusted difference in mean Social Functioning Questionnaire scores = -0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513345/borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-sensitivity-to-injustice
#20
Stefanie Lis, Anna Schaedler, Lisa Liebke, Sophie Hauschild, Janine Thome, Christian Schmahl, Dagmar Stahlberg, Niko Kleindienst, Martin Bohus
Hypersensitivity to injustice has been proposed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We investigated whether BPD features are related to sensitivity to injustice and whether justice sensitivity mediates the relationship between BPD features and aggressive behavior. In an online survey, subjects reported justice sensitivity from the perspective of a victim, an observer, a beneficiary, and a perpetrator, as well as BPD features and their own aggressive behavior...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
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