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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667799/shrink-that-frown-botulinum-toxin-therapy-is-lifting-the-face-of-psychiatry
#1
M Axel Wollmer, Insa Neumann, Michelle Magid, Tillmann H Kruger
Treating glabellar frown lines with injections of botulinum toxin is the most frequently applied procedure in aesthetic medicine. In addition to its cosmetic effect, botulinum toxin may also positively modulate mood and affect, which may contribute to its popularity. A series of clinical studies has shown that this modulation can be used in the treatment of major depression. After a single glabellar treatment with botulinum toxin, patients suffering from unipolar depression experienced a quick, strong and sustained improvement in the symptoms of depression...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665517/depression-and-impulsiveness-among-soldiers-who-died-by-suicide-a-psychological-autopsy-study
#2
Leah Shelef, Neta Korem, Nirit Yavnai, Rinat Yedidya, Keren Ginat, Golan Shahar, Assaf Yacobi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the accumulated knowledge about suicide, suicidal acts remain difficult to predict, and many suicides are acted out impulsively. METHODS: We performed a psychological autopsy study based on inquiries about the deaths of all male soldiers aged 18-21 years who served in the Israeli army and died by suicide between 2009 and 2013 (n = 69). The study population was first divided into two groups: those who had depressive disorder (n = 31); and those who did not (n = 38)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665515/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-extended-inpatient-treatment-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-an-examination-of-treatment-response-remission-and-deterioration
#3
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: Experts express reluctance to hospitalize patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) for more than a few days, arguing that extended inpatient care leads to deterioration and adverse events. To date, there is no empirical support for these assertions. AIMS: The current study examined the assumption of iatrogenic effects among BPD adults. METHODS: Clinically significant and reliable change in symptoms, functional capacities, and adverse events were quantified for both inpatients with BPD (n = 245) and a well-matched inpatient reference (n = 220) sample...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#4
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660674/the-relation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-to-aggression-victimization-and-institutional-misconduct-among-prisoners
#5
Kelly E Moore, Robyn L Gobin, Heather L McCauley, Chien-Wen Kao, Stephanie M Anthony, Sheryl Kubiak, Caron Zlotnick, Jennifer E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is highly prevalent among incarcerated populations; however, research has yet to examine whether prisoners diagnosed with BPD experience greater interpersonal dysfunction and institutional misconduct while incarcerated. PROCEDURE: This study drew from a sample of 184 male and female prisoners diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized trial of depression treatment. The presence of a BPD diagnosis (n = 69) was analyzed as a predictor of disciplinary incidents/infractions (i...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660571/emotional-intelligence-in-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-borderline-personality-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#6
Katrin Janke, Martin Driessen, Behnoush Behnia, Katja Wingenfeld, Stefan Roepke
Emotional intelligence as a part of social cognition has, to our knowledge, never been investigated in patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), though the disorder is characterized by aspects of emotional dysfunctioning. PTSD often occurs with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) as a common comorbidity. Studies about social cognition and emotional intelligence in patients with BPD propose aberrant social cognition, but produced inconsistent results regarding emotional intelligence. The present study aims to assess emotional intelligence in patients with PTSD without comorbid BPD, PTSD with comorbid BPD, and BPD patients without comorbid PTSD, as well as in healthy controls...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659031/staff-perceptions-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-recovery-a-q-sort-method-approach
#7
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658498/-clinical-symptoms-and-personality-traits-in-patients-using-psychostimulant-drugs-and-other-psychoactive-substances
#8
T V Agibalova, K N Poplevchenkov
AIM: To obtain preliminary data on personality and clinical/psychopathological predictors of combined use of psychoactive drugs in patients with psychostimulant dependence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-nine inpatients were examined. Family history of drug dependence, personality disorders, clinical/psychopathological characteristics and disease course (breakdowns, relapses, remissions) were compared in patients with psychostimulant dependence (n=35) and patients who used other psychoactive substances (n=54)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656545/a-framework-for-treating-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorder-features
#9
Christopher J Hopwood
Despite its demonstrated empirical superiority over the DSM-5 Section 2 categorical model of personality disorders for organizing the features of personality pathology, limitations remain with regard to the translation of the DSM-5 Section 3 alternative model of personality disorders (AMPD) to clinical practice. The goal of this paper is to outline a general and preliminary framework for approaching treatment from the perspective of the AMPD. Specific techniques are discussed for the assessment and treatment of both Criterion A personality dysfunction and Criterion B maladaptive traits...
April 15, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651981/lamotrigine-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-rct
#10
Mike J Crawford, Rahil Sanatinia, Barbara Barrett, Gillian Cunningham, Oliver Dale, Poushali Ganguli, Geoff Lawrence-Smith, Verity C Leeson, Fenella Lemonsky, Georgia Lykomitrou-Matthews, Alan Montgomery, Richard Morriss, Jasna Munjiza, Carol Paton, Iwona Skorodzien, Vineet Singh, Wei Tan, Peter Tyrer, Joseph G Reilly
BACKGROUND: No drug treatments are currently licensed for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Despite this, people with this condition are frequently prescribed psychotropic medications and often with considerable polypharmacy. Preliminary studies have indicated that mood stabilisers may be of benefit to people with BPD. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lamotrigine for people with BPD. DESIGN: A two-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled individually randomised trial of lamotrigine versus placebo...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649931/self-management-in-liver-transplant-recipients-a-narrative-review
#11
Dami Ko, Rebecca J Muehrer, Lisa C Bratzke
INTRODUCTION: Although self-management is essential for liver transplant recipients, there is no review that has synthesized findings related to self-management in this population. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aimed to synthesize the current findings and identify the gaps in knowledge about self-management in liver recipients. METHODS: A search of PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsychINFO, ProQuest, and Web of Science was conducted using the following terms: [Self-care OR Self-management OR Health behavior] AND [Liver transplantation]...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649258/clinician-ratings-of-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathic-personality-capp-in-a-representative-sample-of-spanish-prison-inmates-new-validity-evidence
#12
Gerardo Flórez, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez, Pilar A Saíz, David J Cooke
The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is a concept map of psychopathic personality disorder (PPD). The CAPP- Institutional Rating Scale (IRS) is a tool designed to assess CAPP symptoms in institutional settings. The CAPP contains 33 personality traits organized in six domains: attachment, behavioural, cognitive, dominance, emotional and self. Until now, much of the CAPP research has been conducted out of clinical, forensic and correctional settings using self-ratings. In the current study, the psychometric properties and construct validity of the CAPP-IRS were evaluated in a non-convenience sample of 204 Spanish convicts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648858/the-effect-of-alliance-focused-training-on-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-personality-disorders
#13
J Christopher Muran, Jeremy D Safran, Catherine F Eubanks, Bernard S Gorman
OBJECTIVE: To improve success rates in psychotherapy, we developed and evaluated an alliance-focused training (AFT) protocol with regard to patient-therapist interpersonal behavior in a 30-session protocol of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for outpatients comorbid with Axis I and II conditions. METHOD: Participants included 40 patients treated by 40 therapists in a multiple baseline design in which novice therapists trained to fidelity standards in CBT were introduced to AFT at different time intervals (after either 8 or 16 sessions) during a 30-session CBT protocol...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643339/desynchronization-of-diurnal-rhythms-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Oliver Carr, Kate E A Saunders, Amy C Bilderbeck, Athanasios Tsanas, Niclas Palmius, John R Geddes, Russell Foster, Maarten De Vos, Guy M Goodwin
It has long been proposed that diurnal rhythms are disturbed in bipolar disorder (BD). Such changes are obvious in episodes of mania or depression. However, detailed study of patients between episodes has been rare and comparison with other psychiatric disorders rarer still. Our hypothesis was that evidence for desynchronization of diurnal rhythms would be evident in BD and that we could test the specificity of any effect by studying borderline personality disorder (BPD). Individuals with BD (n = 36), BPD (n = 22) and healthy volunteers (HC, n = 25) wore a portable heart rate and actigraphy device and used a smart-phone to record self-assessed mood scores 10 times per day for 1 week...
April 12, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627714/circulating-endocannabinoids-and-affect-regulation-in-human-subjects
#15
Emil F Coccaro, Matthew N Hill, Lauren Robinson, Royce J Lee
The endocannabinoid (EC) system influences a wide variety of neurobiological processes including affect and emotionality as well as other neuropsychiatric functions. In this study we examined the relationship of circulating endocannabinoids [anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)] with affect and emotionality in 175 individuals with (n = 115) and without (n = 60) mood, anxiety, and/or personality disorders. Circulating AEA levels displayed a modest, though statistically significant, inverse relationship with a composite measure of affect regulation (β = - 0...
March 16, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624832/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-in-group-mit-g-for-young-adults-with-personality-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Raffaele Popolo, Angus MacBeth, Flaviano Canfora, Daniela Rebecchi, Cecilia Toselli, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Young adults with personality disorders (PD) other than borderline are in urgent need of validated treatments to help them in managing important life transitions. Therapeutic interventions focused upon social and interpersonal difficulties may facilitate these individuals in maximizing opportunities for employment, forming stable romantic relationships, and belong to social groups. It is also important that they are offered evidence-based, first-line time-limited treatments in order to maximize effectiveness and reduce costs...
April 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621901/the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-lamotrigine-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Mike J Crawford, Rahil Sanatinia, Barbara Barrett, Gillian Cunningham, Oliver Dale, Poushali Ganguli, Geoff Lawrence-Smith, Verity Leeson, Fenella Lemonsky, Georgia Lykomitrou, Alan A Montgomery, Richard Morriss, Jasna Munjiza, Carol Paton, Iwona Skorodzien, Vineet Singh, Wei Tan, Peter Tyrer, Joseph G Reilly
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined whether lamotrigine is a clinically effective and cost-effective treatment for people with borderline personality disorder. METHOD: This was a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Between July 2013 and November 2016, the authors recruited 276 people age 18 or over who met diagnostic criteria for borderline personality disorder. Individuals with coexisting bipolar affective disorder or psychosis, those already taking a mood stabilizer, and women at risk of pregnancy were excluded...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621859/infants-of-emotionally-dysregulated-or-borderline-personality-disordered-mothers-issues-and-management-in-primary-care
#18
Gisèle Apter, Anne E Sved Williams
BACKGROUND: Knowledge has increased regarding the developmental needs and capabilities of infants, and parental behaviours that support optimum infant development. Despite a better understanding of the emotional dysregulation in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and its effects on infants, general practitioners have had few guidelines for how to recognise and help emotionally dysregulated mother-infant dyads. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on the behaviours and needs of infants whose mothers have BPD, including knowledge and skills for primary care practitioners to help these troubled families...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621818/-a-new-approach-to-classifying-personality-disorders
#19
Sabine C Herpertz
Starting from the still valid ICD-10 classification of personality disorders, this text presents the process initiated and led by the WHO that aims at a fundamental change of conceptualizing personality disorders in ICD-11. The categorical classification of differential types based on polythetic criteria list will be replaced by a widely dimensional classification; in case the general criteria of a personality disorder are given, three severity levels and five trait domains are differentiated. In the original draft of the ICD-11 group, the trait qualifiers were meant only to be used in the expert setting and the severity levels described psychosocial impacts only...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621675/the-problem-of-overcontrol-perfectionism-emotional-inhibition-and-personality-disorders
#20
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Angus MacBeth, Raffaele Popolo, Giampaolo Salvatore, Filippo Perrini, Aigli Raouna, Cemre Su Osam, Luisa Buonocore, Aldea Bandiera, Antonella Montano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some individuals with Personality Disorders (PD), particularly of a non-Borderline type, present with difficulties relating to over-control of cognitions, emotion and behavior, perfectionistic traits, and impaired social interactions. The current study sought to evaluate the strength of association, and interactions of both emotional inhibition and perfectionism in PD's, after controlling for symptoms and interpersonal problems. METHOD: We recruited a sample of 578 treatment seeking outpatients...
March 20, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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