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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045403/mentalized-affectivity-a-new-model-and-assessment-of-emotion-regulation
#1
David M Greenberg, Jonela Kolasi, Camilla P Hegsted, Yoni Berkowitz, Elliot L Jurist
Here we introduce a new assessment of emotion regulation called the Mentalized Affectivity Scale (MAS). A large online adult sample (N = 2,840) completed the 60-item MAS along with a battery of psychological measures. Results revealed a robust three-component structure underlying mentalized affectivity, which we labeled: Identifying emotions (the ability to identify emotions and to reflect on the factors that influence them); Processing emotions (the ability to modulate and distinguish complex emotions); and Expressing emotions (the tendency to express emotions outwardly or inwardly)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044519/unhealthy-dependency-in-victims-and-perpetrators-of-child-maltreatment-a-meta-analytic-review
#2
REVIEW
Fallon A Kane, Robert F Bornstein
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptualizations of interpersonal dependency and dependent personality disorder suggest that (a) high levels of dependency in parents may increase risk for perpetration of child abuse and neglect and (b) children who are victimized may show elevated levels of dependency later in life. This study used meta-analytic techniques to examine these hypothesized links. METHOD: A systematic search of psychological and medical online databases revealed 14 published studies (21 effect sizes) examining the link between parental dependency and perpetration of abuse or neglect (overall N of perpetrators = 1,321), and 14 published studies (25 effect sizes) assessing dependency in victims of child abuse and neglect (overall N of victims = 38,265)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040324/the-centrality-of-affective-instability-and-identity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-evidence-from-network-analysis
#3
Juliette Richetin, Emanuele Preti, Giulio Costantini, Chiara De Panfilis
We argue that the series of traits characterizing Borderline Personality Disorder samples do not weigh equally. In this regard, we believe that network approaches employed recently in Personality and Psychopathology research to provide information about the differential relationships among symptoms would be useful to test our claim. To our knowledge, this approach has never been applied to personality disorders. We applied network analysis to the nine Borderline Personality Disorder traits to explore their relationships in two samples drawn from university students and clinical populations (N = 1317 and N = 96, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039227/the-violent-accounts-of-men-diagnosed-with-comorbid-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#4
Craig Falcus, Darren Johnson
This study explored the violent offence accounts of life-sentenced prisoners diagnosed with comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of the current study was to gain needed clinical insight into the mechanisms involved in this specific group offenders' use of violence against others. Six adult male personality-disordered offenders were interviewed via a semistructured interview schedule to collate individual offence accounts. Interview transcripts were analyzed by the lead researcher (first author) using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) who compared and contrasted findings to develop superordinate themes across the group...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038094/transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-web-based-self-help-intervention-following-inpatient-psychotherapy-results-of-a-feasibility-study-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Robert Johansson, Ronald J Frederick, Gerhard Andersson, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have become a major health issue, and a substantial number of afflicted individuals do not get appropriate treatment. Web-based interventions are promising supplementary tools for improving health care for patients with mental disorders, as they can be delivered at low costs and used independently of time and location. Although psychodynamic treatments are used frequently in the face-to-face setting, there has been a paucity of studies on psychodynamic Web-based self-help interventions...
October 16, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036358/divergent-effects-of-oxytocin-on-para-limbic-reactivity-to-emotional-and-neutral-scenes-in-females-with-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Alexander Lischke, Sabine C Herpertz, Christoph Berger, Gregor Domes, Matthias Gamer
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients' hypersensitivity for emotionally relevant stimuli has been suggested be due to abnormal activity and connectivity in (para-)limbic and prefrontal brain regions during stimulus processing. The neuropeptide oxytocin has been shown to modulate activity and functional connectivity in these brain regions, thereby optimizing the processing of emotional and neutral stimuli. To investigate whether oxytocin would be capable of attenuating BPD patients' hypersensitivity for such stimuli, we recorded brain activity and gaze behavior during the processing of complex scenes in 51 females with and 48 without BPD after intranasal application of either oxytocin or placebo...
September 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034964/hemispheric-asymmetry-of-the-frontolimbic-cortex-in-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Q Zhou, M Zhong, S Yao, X Jin, Y Liu, C Tan, X Zhu, J Yi
OBJECTIVE: Although the frontolimbic cortex has been implicated in borderline personality disorder (BPD), information about possible asymmetries in this region in patients with BPD is limited. This study aimed to examine whether frontolimbic cortex asymmetries differ between patients with BPD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The brains of 30 young adult patients with BPD and 32 healthy control subjects were scanned with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The participants completed self-report scales assessing impulsivity, affect intensity and other psychological variables...
October 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034695/what-is-the-clinical-significance-of-chronic-emptiness-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Daniel Elsner, Jillian H Broadbear, Sathya Rao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the clinical significance of the experience of chronic emptiness in borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE and PubMed, employing search terms including 'emptiness', 'personality disorder' and 'borderline personality disorder'. The most relevant English-language articles and books were selected for this review. RESULTS: Published literature and clinical experience suggest that chronic emptiness represents a substantial component of the symptom burden experienced by people with BPD, contributes to functional impairment and may distinguish BPD from other disorders such as major depressive disorder...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034599/process-and-impact-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-of-clients-with-a-diagnosis-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033100/oxytocin-receptors-oxtr-and-early-parental-care-an-interaction-that-modulates-psychiatric-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Ilaria Cataldo, Atiqah Azhari, Bruno Lepri, Gianluca Esposito
Oxytocin plays an important role in the modulation of social behavior in both typical and atypical contexts. Also, the quality of early parental care sets the foundation for long-term psychosocial development. Here, we review studies that investigated how oxytocin receptor (OXTR) interacts with early parental care experiences to influence the development of psychiatric disorders. Using Pubmed, Scopus and PsycInfo databases, we utilized the keyword "OXTR" before subsequently searching for specific OXTR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), generating a list of 598 studies in total...
October 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032046/past-present-and-future-of-genetic-research-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Anahita Bassir Nia, Matthew C Eveleth, Jonathan M Gabbay, Yonis J Hassan, Bosi Zhang, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a major mental illness with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1-3%, characterized by a persistent pattern of instability in relationships, mood, impulse regulation, and sense of self. This results in impulsive self-damaging behavior, high suicide rates, and severe functional impairment. BPD has a complex, multifactorial etiology, resulting from an interaction among genetic and environmental substrates, and has moderate to high heritability based on twin and family studies...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030584/brain-activity-to-transitional-objects-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Markus Kiefer, Ute Neff, Markus M Schmid, Manfred Spitzer, Bernhard J Connemann, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona
Adult patients with borderline personality disorders (BPD) frequently have attachments to inanimate transitional objects (TOs) such as stuffed animals. Using event-related potential (ERP) recordings, we determined in patients with BPD the neural correlates of the processing of these attachment-relevant objects and their functional significance. Sixteen female patients with BPD viewed pictures of their TOs, other familiar stuffed toys (familiar objects, FOs), and unfamiliar objects (UOs). ERPs in the patients were compared to those in 16 matched healthy controls who possessed a stuffed animal of comparably high familiarity...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029673/emotion-regulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-effects-of-instructed-acceptance-and-suppression
#13
Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Brianna J Turner, M Zachary Rosenthal, Alexander L Chapman
Difficulties with emotion regulation are central to borderline personality disorder (BPD). Recent research suggests that avoidance of emotions in general, and emotion suppression specifically, may be commonly used among those who meet criteria for the disorder. Contemporary behavioral interventions for BPD incorporate cognitive and behavioral skills to increase emotional experiencing and acceptance while decreasing behaviors that function to escape or avoid from emotions. Few studies, however, have experimentally examined the effects of instructed emotion suppression and acceptance in BPD...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029570/clinical-characteristics-of-poly-drug-abuse-among-heroin-dependents-and-association-with-other-psychopathology-in-compulsory-isolation-treatment-settings-in-china
#14
Mei Yang, Shu-Cai Huang, Yan-Hui Liao, Yi-Ming Deng, Hai-Yan Run, Ping-Liang Liu, Xiong-Wen Liu, Tie-Bang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical characteristics and associations of polydrug abuse among heroin-dependent patients in compulsory isolation settings in China. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted in 882 heroin-dependent patients in two compulsory isolation settings in Changsha, China. Descriptive statistics were employed to report prevalence and general information of polydrug abuse among the participants. Bivariate associations were examined between polydrug abuse and variables regarding demographics, heroin use profile and psychopathology...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028643/pharmacotherapy-of-borderline-personality-disorder-replacing-confusion-with-prudent-pragmatism
#15
Vladan Starcevic, Aleksandar Janca
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article aims to examine trends in the pharmacological treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and shed more light on the attendant controversies. RECENT FINDINGS: Although specialized, BPD-centred psychotherapy is considered first-line treatment for BPD and no psychotropic drug has been licensed for BPD, medications are frequently prescribed in the management of this condition. Various classes of psychopharmacological agents are used for BPD and there is a prominent polypharmacy...
October 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024891/mentalizing-and-interpersonal-problems-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-mediating-role-of-identity-diffusion
#16
Celine De Meulemeester, Benedicte Lowyck, Rudi Vermote, Yannic Verhaest, Patrick Luyten
Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are characterized by problems in interpersonal functioning and their long-term social integration often remains problematic. Extant theories have linked identity diffusion to many of the interpersonal problems characteristic of BPD patients. Recent theoretical accounts have suggested that identity diffusion results from problems with mentalizing or reflective functioning, that is, the capacity to understand oneself and others in terms of intentional mental states...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024577/interpersonal-barriers-to-recovery-from-borderline-personality-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-patient-perspectives
#17
Adam Carmel, Nicole I Torres, Samantha Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
Social-environmental factors have been found to be an integral part in the recovery process for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. There are few studies that have obtained patient perspectives of how their social and treatment environments help facilitate or impede the recovery process. The following study examined the self-reported interpersonal barriers to recovery among a sample of individuals (N = 31) with borderline personality disorder who were receiving dialectical behaviour therapy. The goal of study was to identify self-reported problematic behaviour that interferes with recovery goals and identify types of family, friend and/or provider behaviours that increased the likelihood of patients engaging in these problematic behaviours...
October 12, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024462/attitudes-to-personality-disorder-of-staff-working-in-high-security-and-medium-security-hospitals
#18
R Beryl, B Völlm
The discourse surrounding personality disorder is largely negative, and the diagnosis is considered to be associated with a degree of stigma. This study aimed to investigate staff attitudes towards personality disorder in high-security and medium-security forensic-psychiatric hospitals in the UK. The Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 132 participants who were all current employees with clinical roles. Staff attitudes to personality disorder in the current study were significantly less positive than in comparable studies in similar settings...
October 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024226/anger-and-depressive-ruminations-as-predictors-of-dysregulated-behaviours-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Francesca Martino, Gabriele Caselli, Jessica Di Tommaso, Sandra Sassaroli, Marcantonio M Spada, Barbara Valenti, Domenico Berardi, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
BACKGROUND: Anger and depressive ruminations have recently received empirical attention as processes related to borderline personality disorder (BPD). The Emotional Cascade Model (Selby, Anestis, & Joiner, 2008) suggests that negative affect (such as anger and sadness) may trigger rumination, which in turn may increase the duration and extent of negative affect, leading to dysregulated behaviours aimed at reducing such intense and unpleasant emotions. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between emotional dysregulation, anger and depressive ruminations, and their role in predicting dysregulated behaviours (such as aggression and self-harm) in a clinical sample of patients with BPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024130/continuity-between-dsm-5-section-ii-and-section-iii-personality-traits-for-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#20
Jacqueline Liggett, Martin Sellbom, Bo Bach
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is formally operationalized in Section II of the DSM-5 by a heterogeneous collection of 8 categorical criteria. Section III contains an alternative model operationalizing personality disorders via dimensional personality traits and associated impairment. The extent to which the personality traits used to define OCPD in Section III correspond with the Section II operationalization of the disorder is contested. The current study aims to contribute to the evidence base necessary to solidify the optimal trait profile for this disorder via a more fine-tuned examination of OCPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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