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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647668/a-combined-marker-of-early-non-improvement-and-the-occurrence-of-melancholic-features-improve-the-treatment-prediction-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorders
#1
Stefanie Wagner, André Tadić, Sibylle C Roll, Alice Engel, Nadine Dreimüller, Jan Engelmann, Klaus Lieb
BACKGROUND: Early Improvement of depressive symptoms within two weeks of antidepressant treatment is a highly sensitive but less specific predictor of later treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to identify clinical features at treatment initiation which are associated with early improvement and non-improvement as well as to identify variables predicting non-remission in patients showing an early improvement. METHODS: 889 patients with a major depressive episode according to DSM-IV who had participated in an antidepressant treatment trial served as study sample...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646782/emotional-dysregulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-its-influence-on-communication-behavior-and-feelings-in-romantic-relationships
#2
Annemarie Miano, Luna Grosselli, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
Dysfunction in romantic relationships constitutes one of the most burdensome symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of this study was to ascertain how emotional dysregulation affects behavior and relationship related feelings of women with BPD in threatening conversations with their own romantic partner. Thirty couples in which the women were diagnosed with BPD and 34 healthy control (HC) couples were videotaped while discussing personally threatening (i.e., personal failure) and relationship-threatening (i...
June 13, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646729/the-structure-of-ptsd-symptoms-according-to-dsm-5-and-idc-11-proposal-a-multi-sample-analysis
#3
M Cyniak-Cieciura, K Staniaszek, A Popiel, E Pragłowska, B Zawadzki
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms structure is a subject of ongoing debate since its inclusion in DSM-III classification in 1980. Different research on PTSD symptoms structure proved the better fit of four-factor and five-factor models comparing to the one proposed by DSM-IV. With the publication of DSM-5 classification, which introduced significant changes to PTSD diagnosis, the question arises about the adequacy of the proposed criteria to the real structure of disorder symptoms. Recent analyses suggest that seven-factor hybrid model is the best reflection of symptoms structure proposed to date...
May 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646684/the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-alexithymia-in-borderline-personality-disorder-actions-instead-of-words
#4
Ellen Sleuwaegen, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Bernard Sabbe
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to effectively regulate emotions. A large amount of BPD patients engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Given the NSSI contributes to serious health risks, it is important to know why some BPD patients engage in NSSI and others do not. A possible associated factor of NSSI in BPD may be alexithymia, which reflects difficulties in identifying and communicating feelings. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate whether NSSI was associated with alexithymia and whether this association still stood when controlling for gender and depression...
June 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#5
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645076/does-reflective-functioning-mediate-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-personality
#6
Maria Paola Nazzaro, Tommaso Boldrini, Annalisa Tanzilli, Laura Muzi, Guido Giovanardi, Vittorio Lingiardi
Mentalization, operationalized as reflective functioning (RF), can play a crucial role in the psychological mechanisms underlying personality functioning. This study aimed to: (a) study the association between RF, personality disorders (cluster level) and functioning; (b) investigate whether RF and personality functioning are influenced by (secure vs. insecure) attachment; and (c) explore the potential mediating effect of RF on the relationship between attachment and personality functioning. The Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP-200) was used to assess personality disorders and levels of psychological functioning in a clinical sample (N = 88)...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643845/on-the-advancement-of-therapeutic-penality-therapeutic-authority-personality-science-and-the-therapeutic-community
#7
Ruari-Santiago McBride
In this article I examine the advancement of therapeutic penality in the UK, a penal philosophy that reimagines prison policy, practices and environments utilising psychological knowledge. Adopting a historical approach, I show how modern therapeutic penality is linked to the emergence of personality science in the nineteenth century and the development of the democratic therapeutic community (DTC) model in the twentieth century. I outline how at the turn of the twenty-first century a catalytic event generated a moral panic that led the British government to mobilise psychological knowledge and technologies in an attempt to manage dangerous people with severe personality disorder...
June 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643289/recovery-from-eating-disorder-1%C3%A2-year-after-start-of-treatment-is-related-to-better-mentalization-and-strong-reduction-of-sensitivity-to-others
#8
Greet S Kuipers, Sandra den Hollander, L Andries van der Ark, Marrie H J Bekker
PURPOSE: To investigate whether recovery from an eating disorder is related to pre-treatment attachment and mentalization and/or to improvement of attachment and mentalization during treatment. METHOD: For a sample of 38 anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) patients receiving treatment the relations between attachment security, mentalization, comorbidity and recovery status after 12 months (not recovered or recovered), and after 18 months (persistently ill, relapsed, newly recovered, or persistently recovered) were investigated...
June 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641217/the-aggressor-at-the-mirror-psychiatric-correlates-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-male-prison-inmates
#9
N Verdolini, A Murru, L Attademo, R Garinella, I Pacchiarotti, C Del Mar Bonnin, L Samalin, L Pauselli, M Piselli, A Tamantini, R Quartesan, A F Carvalho, E Vieta, A Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) causes important concern in prison inmates as it worsens morbidity and increases the risk for suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and correlates of DSH in a large sample of male prisoners. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated male prisoners aged 18+ years. Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II Disorders and with the Addiction Severity Index-Expanded Version...
April 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638947/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-conduct-and-antisocial-personality-problems-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood
#10
Laura W Wesseldijk, Meike Bartels, Jacqueline M Vink, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Lannie Ligthart, Dorret I Boomsma, Christel M Middeldorp
Conduct problems in children and adolescents can predict antisocial personality disorder and related problems, such as crime and conviction. We sought an explanation for such predictions by performing a genetic longitudinal analysis. We estimated the effects of genetic, shared environmental, and unique environmental factors on variation in conduct problems measured at childhood and adolescence and antisocial personality problems measured at adulthood and on the covariation across ages. We also tested whether these estimates differed by sex...
June 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638621/the-role-of-dsm-5-borderline-personality-symptomatology-and-traits-in-the-link-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-risk-in-psychiatric-patients
#11
Bo Bach, Rita Fjeldsted
BACKGROUND: Childhood traumas appear to be linked to suicidal behavior. However, the factors that mediate between these two phenomena are not sufficiently understood. Recent findings suggest that borderline personality disorder (BPD) may explain some of the association. METHOD: The present study investigated the potential mediating role of BPD symptomatology and traits between reported childhood trauma and suicidal risk in adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 124)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638292/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-initiation-in-a-patient-with-major-depressive-disorder-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-social-anxiety-panic-disorder-and-histrionic-personality-disorder
#12
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#13
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636723/reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-efficacy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-reply
#14
Ioana Alina Cristea, Corrado Barbui, Pim Cuijpers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636688/reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-efficacy-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Erlend Glasø Faltinsen, Mickey Kongerslev, Ole Jakob Storebø
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635555/personality-disorders-patient-characteristics-and-level-of-outpatient-treatment-service
#16
Sebastian Simonsen, Torben Heinskou, Per Sørensen, Sofie Folke, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau
BACKGROUND: In this naturalistic study, patients with personality disorders (N = 388) treated at Stolpegaard Psychotherapy Center, Mental Health Services, Capital Region of Denmark were allocated to two different kinds of treatment: a standardized treatment package with a preset number of treatment hours (basic hospital service) and 2: a specialized treatment program for the most severely affected patients without a predetermined restricted number of treatment hours and significantly more individual psychotherapy (regional specialized hospital services)...
February 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635542/gene-expression-study-of-mitochondrial-complex-i-in-schizophrenia-and-paranoid-personality-disorder
#17
Arvin Haghighatfard, Sarah Andalib, Mozhdeh Amini Faskhodi, Soha Sadeghi, Amir Hossein Ghaderi, Shadi Moradkhani, Jalal Rostampour, Zeinab Tabrizi, Ali Mahmoodi, Talie Karimi, Zakieh Ghadimi
OBJECTIVES: The aetiology and molecular mechanisms of schizophrenia (SCZ) and paranoid personality disorder (PPD) are not yet clarified. The present study aimed to assess the role of mitochondrial complex I and cell bioenergetic pathways in the aetiology and characteristics of SCZ and PPD. METHODS: mRNA levels of all genomic and mitochondrial genes which encode mitochondrial complex I subunits (44 genes) were assessed in blood in 634 SCZ, 340 PPD patients and 528 non-psychiatric subjects using quantitative real-time PCR, and associated comprehensive psychiatric, neurological and biochemical assessments...
February 20, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635437/assessment-of-diagnostic-information-and-quality-of-working-alliance-with-clients-diagnosed-with-personality-disorders-during-the-mental-health-intake
#18
Ora Nakash, Maayan Nagar
BACKGROUND: A primary purpose of diagnostic systems is to improve care, yet, little is known about how providers use it routine clinical care. AIMS: We investigated specific DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) diagnostic information therapists collected during intake visits and the association between a therapist PD diagnosis and clients' and therapists' reports of the quality of working alliance during the intake. METHOD: A total of 122 intakes (n = 34, 27...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633575/personality-disorders-a-retrospective
#19
Darryl Bassett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632202/genome-wide-association-study-of-borderline-personality-disorder-reveals-genetic-overlap-with-bipolar-disorder-major-depression-and-schizophrenia
#20
S H Witt, F Streit, M Jungkunz, J Frank, S Awasthi, C S Reinbold, J Treutlein, F Degenhardt, A J Forstner, S Heilmann-Heimbach, L Dietl, C E Schwarze, D Schendel, J Strohmaier, A Abdellaoui, R Adolfsson, T M Air, H Akil, M Alda, N Alliey-Rodriguez, O A Andreassen, G Babadjanova, N J Bass, M Bauer, B T Baune, F Bellivier, S Bergen, A Bethell, J M Biernacka, D H R Blackwood, M P Boks, D I Boomsma, A D Børglum, M Borrmann-Hassenbach, P Brennan, M Budde, H N Buttenschøn, E M Byrne, P Cervantes, T-K Clarke, N Craddock, C Cruceanu, D Curtis, P M Czerski, U Dannlowski, T Davis, E J C de Geus, A Di Florio, S Djurovic, E Domenici, H J Edenberg, B Etain, S B Fischer, L Forty, C Fraser, M A Frye, J M Fullerton, K Gade, E S Gershon, I Giegling, S D Gordon, K Gordon-Smith, H J Grabe, E K Green, T A Greenwood, M Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, J Guzman-Parra, L S Hall, M Hamshere, J Hauser, M Hautzinger, U Heilbronner, S Herms, S Hitturlingappa, P Hoffmann, P Holmans, J-J Hottenga, S Jamain, I Jones, L A Jones, A Juréus, R S Kahn, J Kammerer-Ciernioch, G Kirov, S Kittel-Schneider, S Kloiber, S V Knott, M Kogevinas, M Landén, M Leber, M Leboyer, Q S Li, J Lissowska, S Lucae, N G Martin, F Mayoral-Cleries, S L McElroy, A M McIntosh, J D McKay, A McQuillin, S E Medland, C M Middeldorp, Y Milaneschi, P B Mitchell, G W Montgomery, G Morken, O Mors, T W Mühleisen, B Müller-Myhsok, R M Myers, C M Nievergelt, J I Nurnberger, M C O'Donovan, L M O Loohuis, R Ophoff, L Oruc, M J Owen, S A Paciga, B W J H Penninx, A Perry, A Pfennig, J B Potash, M Preisig, A Reif, F Rivas, G A Rouleau, P R Schofield, T G Schulze, M Schwarz, L Scott, G C B Sinnamon, E A Stahl, J Strauss, G Turecki, S Van der Auwera, H Vedder, J B Vincent, G Willemsen, C C Witt, N R Wray, H S Xi, A Tadic, N Dahmen, B H Schott, S Cichon, M M Nöthen, S Ripke, A Mobascher, D Rujescu, K Lieb, S Roepke, C Schmahl, M Bohus, M Rietschel
Borderline personality disorder (BOR) is determined by environmental and genetic factors, and characterized by affective instability and impulsivity, diagnostic symptoms also observed in manic phases of bipolar disorder (BIP). Up to 20% of BIP patients show comorbidity with BOR. This report describes the first case-control genome-wide association study (GWAS) of BOR, performed in one of the largest BOR patient samples worldwide. The focus of our analysis was (i) to detect genes and gene sets involved in BOR and (ii) to investigate the genetic overlap with BIP...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
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