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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622067/opioid-involved-overdose-among-male-afghanistan-iraq-era-u-s-military-veterans-a-multidimensional-perspective
#1
Alex S Bennett, Luther Elliott, Andrew Golub, Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Mirroring nationwide trends in a broad range of U.S. populations, an alarming number of Afghanistan/Iraq-era U.S. Military veterans have experienced opioid-related overdoses. A growing body of research has examined the proximal behaviors that can precipitate an overdose; considerably less is known about more distal physiological, psychosocial and structural influences on these risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: This study adopts a multidimensional approach to better understand opioid-related overdose among U...
June 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621521/in-situ-live-cell-nucleus-fluorescence-labeling-with-bioinspired-fluorescent-probes
#2
Pan Ding, Houyu Wang, Bin Song, Xiaoyuan Ji, Yuanyuan Su, Yao He
Fluorescent imaging techniques for visualization of nuclear structure and function in live cells are fundamentally important for exploring major cellular events. The ideal cellular labeling method is capable of realizing label-free, in situ, real-time and long-term nucleus labeling in live cells, which can fully obtain the nucleus-relative information and effectively alleviate negative effects of alien probes on cellular metabolism. However, current established fluorescent probes-based strategies (e.g., fluorescent proteins-, organic dyes-, fluorescent organic/inorganic nanoparticles-based imaging techniques) are unable to simultaneously realize label-free, in situ, long-term and real-time nucleus labeling, resulting in inevitable difficulties in fully visualizing nuclear structure and function in live cells...
June 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620400/comparing-pixel-and-object-based-approaches-to-map-an-understorey-invasive-shrub-in-tropical-mixed-forests
#3
Madhura Niphadkar, Harini Nagendra, Cristina Tarantino, Maria Adamo, Palma Blonda
The establishment of invasive alien species in varied habitats across the world is now recognized as a genuine threat to the preservation of biodiversity. Specifically, plant invasions in understory tropical forests are detrimental to the persistence of healthy ecosystems. Monitoring such invasions using Very High Resolution (VHR) satellite remote sensing has been shown to be valuable in designing management interventions for conservation of native habitats. Object-based classification methods are very helpful in identifying invasive plants in various habitats, by their inherent nature of imitating the ability of the human brain in pattern recognition...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616187/ecological-effects-of-dams-alien-fish-and-physiochemical-environmental-factors-on-homogeneity-heterogeneity-of-fish-community-in-four-tributaries-of-the-pearl-river-in-china
#4
Lei Zeng, Lei Zhou, Ding-Li Guo, Dong-Hua Fu, Peng Xu, Shuang Zeng, Qin-Dong Tang, An-Luo Chen, Fei-Qiao Chen, Yong Luo, Gui-Feng Li
In this study, we aimed to characterize the fish community structure and identify the drivers contributing to homogenization/differentiation processes in four tributaries to the Pearl River, Guangxi Province, China, over the past few decades. We sampled 22 sites seasonally from 2013 through 2015, and these sites were selected based on archived records of previous sampling conducted in the 1980s. Jaccard's faunal similarity index, cluster analysis, and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) were applied to describe the homogenization/differentiation of fish community and illustrate the potential effectors...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610243/first-record-of-the-granulate-ambrosia-beetle-i-xylosandrus-i-i-crassiusculus%C3%A2-i-coleoptera-curculionidae-scolytinae-in-the-iberian-peninsula
#5
Diego Gallego, José Luis Lencina, Hugo Mas, Julia Ceveró, Massimo Faccoli
The Granulate Ambrosia Beetle Xylosandrus crassiusculus, an alien species of Asian origin, was recorded for first time in the Iberian Peninsula. Many specimens were collected in October 2016 in the Valencia region (Spain) from infested carob trees. The species is included in the EPPO Alert List as causing serious damage in many Mediterranean regions. A key for the morphological identification of the Xylosandrus species occurring in Europe is also reported.
June 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596581/the-homology-gene-btdnmt1-is-essential-for-temperature-tolerance-in-invasive-bemisia-tabaci-mediterranean-cryptic-species
#6
Tian-Mei Dai, Zhi-Chuang Lü, Wan-Xue Liu, Fang-Hao Wan, Xiao-Yue Hong
The Bemisia tabaci Mediterranean (MED) cryptic species has been rapidly invading most parts of the world owing to its strong ecological adaptability, particularly its strong resistance to temperature stress. Epigenetic mechanisms play important roles in mediating ecological plasticity. In particular, DNA methylation has been the focus of attempts to understand the mechanism of phenotypic plasticity. The relationship between temperature and DNA methylation and how it affects the adaptability of invasive insects remain unknown...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590855/-alien-health-care
#7
Arthur L Caplan, Alison Bateman-House
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585880/service-needs-and-barriers-to-care-five-or-more-years-after-moderate-to-severe-tbi-among-veterans
#8
R Jay Schulz-Heik, John H Poole, Marie N Dahdah, Campbell Sullivan, Maheen M Adamson, Elaine S Date, Rose Salerno, Karen Schwab, Odette Harris
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to identify the most frequent service needs, factors associated with needs, and barriers to care among Veterans and service members five or more years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Survey administered via telephone 5-16 years after injury (median eight years) and subsequent acute inpatient rehabilitation at a regional Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centre. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants were 119 Veterans and military personnel, aged 23-70 (median 35), 90% male...
June 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584701/alien-vs-predator-bacterial-challenge-alters-coral-microbiomes-unless-controlled-by-halobacteriovorax-predators
#9
Rory M Welsh, Stephanie M Rosales, Jesse R Zaneveld, Jérôme P Payet, Ryan McMinds, Steven L Hubbs, Rebecca L Vega Thurber
Coral microbiomes are known to play important roles in organismal health, response to environmental stress, and resistance to disease. The coral microbiome contains diverse assemblages of resident bacteria, ranging from defensive and metabolic symbionts to opportunistic bacteria that may turn harmful in compromised hosts. However, little is known about how these bacterial interactions influence the mechanism and controls of overall structure, stability, and function of the microbiome. We sought to test how coral microbiome dynamics were affected by interactions between two bacteria: Vibrio coralliilyticus, a known temperature-dependent pathogen of some corals, and Halobacteriovorax, a unique bacterial predator of Vibrio and other gram-negative bacteria...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582737/oxidative-stress-response-in-the-seagrass-posidonia-oceanica-and-the-seaweed-dasycladus-vermicularis-associated-to-the-invasive-tropical-green-seaweed-halimeda-incrassata
#10
Antoni Sureda, Silvia Tejada, Xavier Capó, Catalina Melià, Pere Ferriol, Samuel Pinya, Guillem Mateu-Vicens
The Mediterranean Sea is one of the most affected areas by the presence of invasive species. Halimeda incrassata (J Ellis) JV Lamoroux is newly arrived tropical seaweed in waters of the Mallorca Island (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean). The aim was to evaluate the effect of a potential competition between the invasive Halimeda incrassata, the native Posidonia oceanica and Dasycladus vermicularis, by means of antioxidant-related biomarkers in waters of Mallorca. The activities of the antioxidant enzymes-catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GRd)-, the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde as indicator of lipid peroxidation were evaluated...
June 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582564/disengagement-as-withdrawal-from-public-space-rethinking-the-relation-between-place-attachment-place-appropriation-and-identity-building-among-older-adults
#11
Anna Wanka
Background and Objectives: Empirical research indicates that engagement with public space decreases with age. Why do some older adults withdraw from the public, and which role does the (urban) environment play in spatial (dis-)engagement? Environmental gerontology's model of person-environment (PE) fit suggests an interrelation between agency and belonging and their causal effects on identity and wellbeing in later life. However, there is little research on how these dimensions are actually related...
June 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575824/factors-shaping-alien-plant-species-richness-spatial-patterns-across-natura-2000-special-areas-of-conservation-of-greece
#12
Panayiotis G Dimitrakopoulos, Sotirios Koukoulas, Alexandros Galanidis, Pinelopi Delipetrou, Dimitris Gounaridis, Korina Touloumi, Margarita Arianoutsou
This paper aims to determine the main factors that shape the spatial patterns of alien plant species occurrence across Natura 2000 Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) in Greece, and quantify their influence. A series of spatial analysis techniques for the development of a spatial database of the factors involved, followed by a boosted negative binomial Generalised Additive Model for location scale and shape, were implemented. Native plant species richness, topography and hydrography, human population density, and a spatial preference to the northern-western sites are the key factors that explain the variation in the occurrence of alien plant species...
May 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572631/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-dormancy-in-an-invasive-alien-sycamore-lace-bug-corythucha-ciliata-through-transcript-and-metabolite-profiling
#13
Feng-Qi Li, Ning-Ning Fu, Cheng Qu, Ran Wang, Yi-Hua Xu, Chen Luo
The sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata, is a pest of sycamore trees. In China, it is found in the most northern border where it has been known to become dormant during harsh winters. But the molecular and metabolic basis for dormancy in this insect is still unknown. In this study, we analyzed the transcript and metabolite profiles of this bug to identify key genes and metabolites that are significantly regulated during dormancy in adult females and males. In total, 149 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were significantly up-regulated and 337 DEGs were significantly down-regulated in dormant adults (both females and males)...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570291/the-lived-experience-of-midlife-women-with-major-depression
#14
Ching-Chu Li, Bih-Ching Shu, Yu-Ming Wang, Shih-Ming Li
BACKGROUND: Midlife, a significant developmental phase for women, is a period of biological, psychological, and social role changes. However, not all women transition smoothly into middle age, with those who experience depression typically bearing significantly greater physical and psychological discomforts in midlife. Despite the expanding body of research on women and depression, little is understood about how depressed women handle the midlife transition. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding about the lived experience of middle-aged women with major depression...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570142/an-efficient-approach-to-explore-and-discriminate-anomalous-regions-in-bacterial-genomes-based-on-maximum-entropy
#15
Gesiele Almeida Barros-Carvalho, Marie-Anne Van Sluys, Fabricio Martins Lopes
Recently, there has been an increase in the number of whole bacterial genomes sequenced, mainly due to the advancing of next-generation sequencing technologies. In face of this, there is a need to provide new analytical alternatives that can follow this advance. Given our current knowledge about the genomic plasticity of bacteria and that those genomic regions can uncover important features about this microorganism, our goal was to develop a fast methodology based on maximum entropy (ME) to guide the researcher to regions that could be prioritized during the analysis...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568962/rhetoric-versus-reality-the-role-of-research-in-deconstructing-concepts-of-caring
#16
Dawn Freshwater, Jane Cahill, Philip Esterhuizen, Tessa Muncey, Helen Smith
Our aim was to employ a critical analytic lens to explicate the role of nursing research in supporting the notion of caring realities. To do this, we used case exemplars to illustrate the infusion of such discourses. The first exemplar examines the fundamental concept of caring: using Florence Nightingale's Notes on Nursing, the case study surfaces caring as originally grounded in ritualized practice and subsequently describes its transmutation, via competing discourses, to a more holistic concept. It is argued that in the many and varied attempts to define the dynamic concept of care, caring has now become paradoxically, a more fragmented concept despite attempts to render it more holistic and inclusive...
May 31, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552014/-sibling-alienation-syndrome-psychological-aftermath-of-false-sexual-abuse-allegations
#17
Michael Shapiro, Yuliet Sanchez-Rivero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550383/-you-can-carry-the-torch-now-a-qualitative-analysis-of-parents-experiences-caring-for-a-child-with-trisomy-13-or-18
#18
Joshua D Arthur, Divya Gupta
Trisomy 13 and 18 (T 13/18) are rare chromosomal abnormalities associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improved survival rates and increased prevalence of aggressive medical intervention have resulted in families and physicians holding different perspectives regarding the appropriate management of children with T 13/18. Families were invited for open-ended interviews regarding their experiences with the medical care of a child with T 13/18 over the past 5 years. Seven of 33 invited families were surveyed; those who had spent more than 40 days in the hospital were most likely to accept the invitation (OR 8...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540504/can-but-don-t-olfactory-discrimination-between-own-and-alien-offspring-in-the-domestic-cat
#19
Oxána Bánszegi, Elisa Jacinto, Andrea Urrutia, Péter Szenczi, Robyn Hudson
Mammalian maternal care usually comes at a large energetic cost. To maximize their fitness, mothers should preferentially care for their own offspring. However, the majority of studies of mother-offspring recognition have focused on herd- or colony-living species and there is little information on maternal discrimination in more solitary-living species. Olfaction has been found to play a major role in mother-offspring recognition across various taxa. Therefore, our aim was to study this in a species evolved from a solitary-living ancestor, the domestic cat...
July 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#20
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
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