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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#1
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515881/effect-of-bursaphelenchus-xylophilus-infection-on-leaf-photosynthetic-characteristics-and-resource-use-efficiency-of-pinus-massoniana
#2
Ruihe Gao, Zhuang Wang, Juan Shi, Youqing Luo
Pine wilt disease (PWD) is considered as the most destructive forest-invasive alien species in China. We measured gas exchange parameters and foliar carbon isotope ratios (δ(13)C) of different infection phases of Masson pine in order to investigate the effect of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus infection on photosynthetic responses and resource-use efficiency. The results showed that net photosynthetic rate (Pn), transpiration rate (T), stomatal conductance (gs), and internal CO 2 concentrations (Ci) decreased in the infested trees at photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) levels from 0 to 2,000 μmol m(-2) s(-1) compared with controls...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513199/experience-of-exclusion-a-framework-analysis-of-socioeconomic-factors-affecting-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: The Danish public healthcare system provides comprehensive care based on the principle of equal access. However, it is well documented that patients with low socioeconomic position are less likely to participate in cardiac rehabilitation. More knowledge is needed to understand this phenomenon. The aim of the study was to explore the patient experience of barriers to completion of phase II cardiac rehabilitation, and to investigate the impact of socioeconomic factors on completion of cardiac rehabilitation...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511829/suicidal-behaviors-in-the-dermatology-patient
#4
Madhulika A Gupta, Daiana R Pur, Branka Vujcic, Aditya K Gupta
An assessment of suicidal behaviors in the dermatology patient may be necessary in several situations: (1) in the presence of psychiatric comorbidity (major depressive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, substance use disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder), encountered in up to 30% of dermatology patients; (2) when dermatologic symptoms ("dysmorphophobia," dermatitis artefacta) represent psychiatric pathologic conditions; (3) when psychosocial stressors (bereavement, interpersonal violence) increase the risk of suicidal behavior and exacerbate stress-reactive dermatoses (psoriasis, acne); (4) in the presence of high disease burden (chronicity, increased disease severity); (5) in instances of significant pruritus or chronic sleep disruption; (6) in the presence of facial lesions or facial scarring; (7) when social exclusion or feelings of alienation arise secondary to the skin disorder; (8) with use of medications (retinoids, biologics) for which suicidal behavior has been implicated as a possible side effect; and (9) when treating psychiatric patients experiencing a serious reaction to psychotropic medications (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and anticonvulsants)...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510721/cold-tolerance-of-pityophthorus-juglandis-coleoptera-scolytidae-from-northern-california
#5
Andrea R Hefty, Steven J Seybold, Brian H Aukema, Robert C Venette
Winter survivorship of insects is determined by a combination of physiological, behavioral, and microhabitat characteristics. We characterized the cold tolerance of the walnut twig beetle, Pityophthorus juglandis Blackman, a domestic alien invasive bark beetle that vectors a phytopathogenic fungus. The beetle and fungus cause thousand cankers disease in species of Juglans and Pterocarya. The disease is spreading in the United States of America (USA) and Italy. Contact thermocouple thermometry was used to measure the supercooling points of adults and larvae and lower lethal temperatures of adults from a population from northern California...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500683/induction-of-telomere-mediated-chromosomal-truncation-and-behavior-of-truncated-chromosomes-in-brassica-napus
#6
Xiaohong Yan, Chen Li, Jie Yang, Lijun Wang, Chenghong Jiang, Wenhui Wei
Engineered minichromosomes could be stably inherited and serves as a platform for simultaneously transferring and stably expressing multiple genes. Chromosomal truncation mediated by repeats of telomeric sequence is a promising approach for the generation of minichromosomes. In the present work, direct repetitive sequences of Arabidopsis telomere were used to study telomere-mediated truncation of chromosomes in Brassica napus. Transgenes containing alien Arabidopsis telomere were successfully obtained, and Southern blotting and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results show that the transgenes successfully resulted in chromosomal truncation in B...
May 13, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497885/larval-interference-competition-between-the-native-neotropical-mosquito-limatus-durhamii-and-the-invasive-aedes-aegypti-improves-the-fitness-of-both-species
#7
Stanislas Talaga, Alain Dejean, Clémence Mouza, Yves Dumont, Céline Leroy
Interspecific competition with native species during biological invasions can sometimes limit alien expansion. We aimed to determine the potential ecological effects of Limatus durhamii Theobald 1901, a native Neotropical mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) species, on the invasive species Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus 1762) that breeds in the same artificial water containers. Development time and adult dry mass were measured in three rearing conditions: control (a single larva), intraspecific competition (two conspecific larvae), and interspecific competition (two heterospecific larvae)...
May 12, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488399/how-can-work-methanol-dehydrogenase-from-methylacidiphilum-fumariolicum-with-the-alien-ce-iii-ion-in-the-active-center-a-theoretical-study
#8
Tiziana Marino, Mario Prejanò, Nino Russo
Lanthanides are an example of nonbiogenic metal species and have been widely used in crystallographic and spectroscopic studies to probe Mg2+/Ca2+ binding sites in metalloproteins by replacing the native cofactor. Recently, a methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) enzyme containing cerium ion in the active site has been isolated from Methylacidiphilum Fumariolicum bacterium. With the aim to highlight as metal ion substitution can be reflected in catalytic mechanism, a comparative DFT study between Ca- and Ce-MDH has been undertaken...
May 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484383/when-playing-is-a-problem-an-atypical-case-of-alien-hand-syndrome-in-a-professional-pianist
#9
Arantxa Alfaro, Ángela Bernabeu, Francisco J Badesa, Nicolas García, Eduardo Fernández
Alien hand syndrome (AHS) is a neurological illness characterized by limb movements which are carried out without being aware of it. Many patients describe these movements as aggressive and some perceive a strong feeling of estrangement and go so far as to deny ownership. The sense of body ownership is the perception that parts of one's body pertain to oneself, despite it is moving or not and if movement is intentional or unintentional. These anomalous self-experiences may arise in patients with focal brain lesions and provide unique opportunities to disclose the neural components underlying self-body perception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481399/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-of-leuciscus-leuciscus-baicalensis-using-novel-microsatellite-markers-with-cross-species-transferability
#10
D J Lei, G Zhao, P Xie, Y Li, H Yuan, M Zou, J G Niu, X F Ma
We used next-generation sequencing technology to characterize 19 genomic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and 11 expressed sequence tag (EST) SSR markers from Leuciscus leuciscus baicalensis, a small freshwater fish that is widely distributed in Xinjiang, China. Primers were used to test for polymorphisms in three L. leuciscus baicalensis populations in Xinjiang. There were 4-27 (average 11.3) alleles (NA), the expected heterozygosity (HE) was 0.36-0.94 (average 0.75 ± 0.14), the observed heterozygosity (HO) was 0...
May 4, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479977/the-foundations-of-plant-intelligence
#11
REVIEW
Anthony Trewavas
Intelligence is defined for wild plants and its role in fitness identified. Intelligent behaviour exhibited by single cells and systems similarity between the interactome and connectome indicates neural systems are not necessary for intelligent capabilities. Plants sense and respond to many environmental signals that are assessed to competitively optimize acquisition of patchily distributed resources. Situations of choice engender motivational states in goal-directed plant behaviour; consequent intelligent decisions enable efficient gain of energy over expenditure...
June 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475421/exploring-accessibility-issues-of-a-public-building-for-the-mobility-impaired-case-study-interstate-bus-terminal-isbt-vijayawada-india
#12
Valliappan Alagappan, Albert Hefferan, Aarthi Parivallal
Right to access in the built environment creates equal and nondiscriminatory opportunities to a person with disabilities in order to move freely around and interact positively without hindrance and barriers. The objective of the study is to understand the existing accessibility related issues and implementation of guidelines and standards for public buildings. The technical verification using onsite and offsite access audit format for current provision of facilities in the internal and external environment has been carried out with the format prepared in reference to Central Public Works Department (CPWD) accessibility guidelines for mobility impaired and elderly and American Disability Act (ADA) guidelines...
May 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472267/the-influence-of-elevated-co2concentration-on-the-fitness-traits-of-frankliniella-occidentalisand-frankliniella-intonsa-thysanoptera-thripidae
#13
He ShuQi, Lin Ying, Qian Lei, Li ZhiHua, Xi Chao, Yang Lu, Gui FuRong
Development and fecundity were investigated in an invasive alien thrips species, Frankliniella occidentalis(Pergande), and a related native species, Frankliniella intonsa(Trybom), under high CO2concentration. Results show that the two thrips species reacted differently toward elevated CO2concentration. Developmental duration decreased significantly (11.93%) in F. occidentalisat the CO2concentration of 800 µl/liter; survival rate of all stages also significantly increased (e.g., survival rate of first instar increased 17...
May 2, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471573/immunity-life-and-dancing-starlings-a-physician-s-perspective
#14
Dani Bercovich, Geoffrey Goodman, M Eric Gershwin
Immune function is the most basic physiological process in humans and indeed throughout the animal kingdom. Interestingly, the vast majority of textbooks of physiology do not include a chapter on immunity. Our species survival is dependent on the diversity of the immune response and the ability for antigen presentation and effector mechanisms to be enormously promiscuous. As physicians, we are likely all too aware of how brief our life span is and the myriad of diseases and events that shorten it. It is not surprising that we question where our life comes from and our relationship within the universe...
August 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469972/a-wolf-in-sheep-s-clothing-an-alien-leg-in-corticobasal-syndrome
#15
Diana Angelika Olszewska, Allan McCarthy, Brian Murray, Brian Magennis, Sean Connolly, Tim Lynch
BACKGROUND: Alien limb phenomenon occurs in 50-60% of patients with corticobasal syndrome (CBS) and usually presents with an "alien hand" phenomenon. The "alien foot" presentation is rarer and may be misdiagnosed, as foot involvement can lead to erroneous localization of the clinical problem to the knee, hip, or back. Subsequently misdiagnoses such as myelopathy, radiculopathy, functional disorder, stiff leg syndrome, neuromyotonia, and painful leg moving toes syndrome may occur. CASE REPORT: We describe two patients with alien foot symptoms that resulted in multiple opinions from different specialists, multiple diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and delayed diagnosis...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459054/application-of-genomic-in-situ-hybridization-in-horticultural-science
#16
REVIEW
Fahad Ramzan, Adnan Younis, Ki-Byung Lim
Molecular cytogenetic techniques, such as in situ hybridization methods, are admirable tools to analyze the genomic structure and function, chromosome constituents, recombination patterns, alien gene introgression, genome evolution, aneuploidy, and polyploidy and also genome constitution visualization and chromosome discrimination from different genomes in allopolyploids of various horticultural crops. Using GISH advancement as multicolor detection is a significant approach to analyze the small and numerous chromosomes in fruit species, for example, Diospyros hybrids...
2017: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458071/understanding-the-impact-of-school-tobacco-policies-on-adolescent-smoking-behaviour-a-realist-review
#17
REVIEW
Michael Schreuders, Paulien A W Nuyts, Bas van den Putte, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Secondary schools increasingly implement school tobacco policies (STPs) to decrease adolescents' smoking. Recent studies suggested that STPs' impact depends on their implementation. We examined adolescents' cognitive and behavioural responses to STPs that impact adolescents' smoking and how these responses depend on elements of STPs' implementation. METHOD: To examine STPs and adolescent smoking, we performed a realist review, which is an explanatory approach that synthesizes existing evidence into a program theory that links elements of STPs' implementation to outcomes by specifying its underlying generative mechanisms...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453198/longitudinal-links-between-discrimination-and-civic-development-among-latino-and-asian-adolescents
#18
Parissa J Ballard
The transition from adolescence to adulthood is formative for civic development. Unfortunately, many adolescents from Latino and Asian backgrounds experience discrimination, which can alienate them from civic life. This study employed cross-lagged structural equation modeling to test the bidirectional links between perceived discrimination and civic beliefs and activism among Latino and Asian late adolescents (N = 400, Mage = 17.34, 61% female). Civic beliefs (i.e., believing that the government is unresponsive) and civic activism (i...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449587/-the-dots-just-don-t-join-up-understanding-the-support-needs-of-families-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#19
James Galpin, Penny Barratt, Edward Ashcroft, Scot Greathead, Lorcan Kenny, Elizabeth Pellicano
Much research has documented the elevated levels of stress experienced by families of autistic children. Yet remarkably little research has examined the types of support that these families perceive to be beneficial to their lives. This study, co-produced by researchers and school-based professionals, sought to establish these families' support needs from their own perspectives. In total, 139 parents of autistic children with additional intellectual disabilities and limited spoken communication, all attending an inner-city London school, participated in an initial survey examining parental wellbeing, self-efficacy and the extent to which they felt supported...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449400/a-novel-implementation-strategy-in-residential-care-settings-to-promote-ebp-direct-care-provider-perceptions-and-development-of-a-conceptual-framework
#20
Susan E Slaughter, Erin Bampton, Daniel F Erin, Carla Ickert, C Allyson Jones, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Innovative approaches are required to facilitate the adoption and sustainability of evidence-based care practices. We propose a novel implementation strategy, a peer reminder role, which involves offering a brief formal reminder to peers during structured unit meetings. AIMS: This study aims to (a) identify healthcare aide (HCA) perceptions of a peer reminder role for HCAs, and (b) develop a conceptual framework for the role based on these perceptions...
April 27, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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