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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912860/late-style-as-exile-de-colonising-the-life-course
#1
Heike Hartung
In the collection of essays On Late Style, Edward Said reflects on the new idiom achieved by great artists in their work near the end of their lives as "late style." Drawing on Adorno's essay on Beethoven's late style, Said also focuses on the aesthetic aspects of lateness. Defining the late works of artists as "a form of exile," however, Said moves beyond Adorno's aesthetic conception of late style. Highlighting the artist's abandonment of communication with the established social order, who achieves a contradictory, alienated relationship with it instead, Said compares artistic lateness with the experience of the subject in exile...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912859/alienation-and-alterity-age-in-the-existentialist-discourse-on-others
#2
Harm-Peer Zimmermann
Aging Studies and Postcolonial Studies belong together in a rather fundamental way, given that they share profound theoretical roots and far-reaching critical perspectives. These derive not only from the more recent poststructuralist discourse on others but also, further back, from the existentialist discourse on others - particularly in issues relating to "The Look" as elaborated by Jean-Paul Sartre in his major philosophical treatise Being and Nothingness and in his reflections on racism, colonialism and humanism...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908248/do-mitochondria-have-an-immune-system
#3
V A Popkov, L D Zorova, I O Korvigo, D N Silachev, S S Jankauskas, V A Babenko, I B Pevzner, T I Danilina, S D Zorov, E Y Plotnikov, D B Zorov
The question if mitochondria have some kind of immune system is not trivial. The basis for raising this question is the fact that bacteria, which are progenitors of mitochondria, do have an immune system. The CRISPR system in bacteria based on the principle of RNA interference serves as an organized mechanism for destroying alien nucleic acids, primarily those of viral origin. We have shown that mitochondria are also a target for viral attacks, probably due to a related organization of genomes in these organelles and bacteria...
October 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903136/outcomes-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-to-reduce-internalized-stigma-among-psychosocial-rehabilitation-clients
#4
Alicia Lucksted, Amy L Drapalski, Clayton H Brown, Camille Wilson, Melanie Charlotte, Audrina Mullane, Li Juan Fang
OBJECTIVE: This community-based randomized controlled trial was carried out to test the Ending Self-Stigma (ESS) psychoeducational intervention, which is designed to help adults with serious mental illnesses reduce internalization of mental illness stigma and its effects. METHODS: A total of 268 adults from five different mental health programs in Maryland took part. After baseline interview, consenting participants were randomly assigned to the nine-week ESS intervention or a minimally enhanced treatment-as-usual control condition...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901626/experiences-of-living-with-opioid-dependence-an-interview-study-among-individuals-participating-in-medication-assisted-treatment
#5
Ylva Melin, Margita Eklund, Britt-Marie Lindgren
In order to describe experiences of living with opioid dependence, thirteen interviews were conducted with people participating in medication-assisted treatment. The results showed that living with opioid dependence is about the two-faced drug. The participant's past was a constant burden in life, and the drug filled a spiritual emptiness. The participant's described a life in chaos and pain, and furthermore, a life without dignity and in alienation. Opioid dependence means great suffering. Having a holistic view and by gaining an understanding of the complexities of opioid dependence, healthcare professionals can provide nonjudgmental and respectful treatment...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901196/floristic-characteristics-of-alien-invasive-seed-plant-species-in-china
#6
Congyan Wang, Jun Liu, Hongguang Xiao, Jiawei Zhou, Daolin DU
This study aims to determine the floristic characteristics of alien invasive seed plant species (AISPS) in China. There are a total of five hundred and thirteen AISPS, belonging to seventy families and two hundred and eighty-three genera. Seventy families were classified into nine areal types at the family level, and "Cosmopolitan" and "Pantropic" are the two main types. Two hundred and eighty-three genera were classified into twelve areal types at the genus level, and "Pantropic", "Trop. Asia & Amer. disjuncted", and "Cosmopolitan" are the three main types...
2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900400/homoeologous-recombination-based-transfer-and-molecular-cytogenetic-mapping-of-a-wheat-streak-mosaic-virus-and-triticum-mosaic-virus-resistance-gene-wsm3-from-thinopyrum-intermedium-to-wheat
#7
Tatiana V Danilova, Guorong Zhang, Wenxuan Liu, Bernd Friebe, Bikram S Gill
Here, we report the production of a wheat- Thinopyrum intermedium recombinant stock conferring resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus and Triticum mosaic virus. Wheat streak mosaic caused by the wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) is an important disease of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) worldwide. To date, only three genes conferring resistance to WSMV have been named and two, Wsm1 and Wsm3, were derived from the distantly related wild relative Thinopyrum intermedium. Wsm3 is only available in the form of a compensating wheat-Th...
November 29, 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896025/zebra-mussel-beds-an-effective-feeding-ground-for-ponto-caspian-gobies-or-suitable-shelter-for-their-prey
#8
Jarosław Kobak, Małgorzata Poznańska, Łukasz Jermacz, Tomasz Kakareko, Daniel Prądzynski, Małgorzata Łodygowska, Karolina Montowska, Karolina Bącela-Spychalska
Aggregations of the Ponto-Caspian invasive zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) constitute a suitable habitat for macroinvertebrates, considerably increasing their abundance and providing effective antipredator protection. Thus, the overall effect of a mussel bed on particular predator species may vary from positive to negative, depending on both prey density increase and predator ability to prey in a structurally complex habitat. Alien Ponto-Caspian goby fish are likely to be facilitated when introduced into new areas by zebra mussels, provided that they are capable of utilizing mussel beds as habitat and feeding grounds...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894123/safeguarding-pollinators-and-their-values-to-human-well-being
#9
Simon G Potts, Vera Imperatriz-Fonseca, Hien T Ngo, Marcelo A Aizen, Jacobus C Biesmeijer, Thomas D Breeze, Lynn V Dicks, Lucas A Garibaldi, Rosemary Hill, Josef Settele, Adam J Vanbergen
Wild and managed pollinators provide a wide range of benefits to society in terms of contributions to food security, farmer and beekeeper livelihoods, social and cultural values, as well as the maintenance of wider biodiversity and ecosystem stability. Pollinators face numerous threats, including changes in land-use and management intensity, climate change, pesticides and genetically modified crops, pollinator management and pathogens, and invasive alien species. There are well-documented declines in some wild and managed pollinators in several regions of the world...
November 28, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891828/reducing-calories-fat-saturated-fat-and-sodium-in-restaurant-menu-items-effects-on-consumer-acceptance
#10
Anjali A Patel, Nanette V Lopez, Harry T Lawless, Valentine Njike, Mariana Beleche, David L Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess consumer acceptance of reductions of calories, fat, saturated fat, and sodium to current restaurant recipes. METHODS: Twenty-four menu items, from six restaurant chains, were slightly modified and moderately modified by reducing targeted ingredients. Restaurant customers (n = 1,838) were recruited for a taste test and were blinded to the recipe version as well as the purpose of the study. Overall consumer acceptance was measured using a 9-point hedonic (like/dislike) scale, likelihood to purchase scale, Just-About-Right (JAR) 5-point scale, penalty analysis, and alienation analysis...
December 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889080/invasion-biology-specific-problems-and-possible-solutions
#11
REVIEW
Franck Courchamp, Alice Fournier, Céline Bellard, Cleo Bertelsmeier, Elsa Bonnaud, Jonathan M Jeschke, James C Russell
Biological invasions have been unambiguously shown to be one of the major global causes of biodiversity loss. Despite the magnitude of this threat and recent scientific advances, this field remains a regular target of criticism - from outright deniers of the threat to scientists questioning the utility of the discipline. This unique situation, combining internal strife and an unaware society, greatly hinders the progress of invasion biology. It is crucial to identify the specificities of this discipline that lead to such difficulties...
November 23, 2016: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888560/do-invasive-alien-plants-benefit-more-from-global-environmental-change-than-native-plants
#12
Yanjie Liu, Ayub M O Oduor, Zhen Zhang, Anthony Manea, Ifeanna M Tooth, Michelle R Leishman, Xingliang Xu, Mark van Kleunen
Invasive alien plant species threaten native biodiversity, disrupt ecosystem functions, and can cause large economic damage. Plant invasions have been predicted to further increase under ongoing global environmental change. Numerous case studies have compared the performance of invasive and native plant species in response to global environmental change components (i.e. changes in mean levels of precipitation, temperature, atmospheric CO2 concentration or nitrogen deposition). Individually these studies usually involve low numbers of species and therefore the results cannot be generalized...
November 26, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887747/the-rise-of-invasive-species-denialism
#13
James C Russell, Tim M Blackburn
Scientific consensus on the negative impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) is increasingly being challenged. Whereas informed scepticism of impacts is important, science denialism is counterproductive. Such denialism arises when uncertainty on impacts is confounded by differences in values. Debates on impacts must take into account both the evidence presented and motivations.
November 22, 2016: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886736/pushed-or-pulled-girls-and-boys-facing-early-school-leaving-risk-in-italy
#14
Camilla Borgna, Emanuela Struffolino
Compared to girls, boys are more at risk of early school leaving. However, it is unclear whether gender differences are driven by push factors, which alienate students from the school system, or pull factors, which attract them out of it. This paper examines gender differences in early school leaving, assessing the role of previous scholastic performance, parental education, and differential employment opportunities. By analyzing two nationally representative datasets, we focus on Italy, a country with high rates of early school leaving and pronounced gender inequalities in the labor market...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886625/culturally-construed-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-nursing-students-and-the-stigma-impacting-on-people-living-with-aids-a-qualitative-study
#15
David Pickles, Lindy King, Sheryl de Lacey
BACKGROUND: Since HIV and AIDS were discovered, studies have demonstrated that negative perceptions and reluctance to provide care to affected people persist among nursing students throughout the world. This leads to poor quality care. OBJECTIVES: To report on a study that explored socio-cultural influences on the perceptions of international nursing students toward caring for people living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive research design, guided by stigma theory, was utilised...
November 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885431/forensic-age-assessment-of-asylum-seekers-in-finland
#16
Mari Metsäniitty, Olli Varkkola, Janna Waltimo-Sirén, Helena Ranta
In Finland, forensic age assessment is strictly regulated by legislation. According to the Aliens Act (301/2004) and the amendment of the Act (549/2010), the police authorities, the frontier guard authorities, and the immigration authorities have the right to refer asylum seekers to the University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine, for age assessment. These assessments are especially performed to solve if the person is of major age, the cutoff being 18 completed years. The forensic age assessment is largely based on dental development, since the special permit of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) to the Department of Forensic Medicine of the University of Helsinki, allowing the use of ionizing radiation for non-medical purposes, includes dental and hand X-rays...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882655/situated-technology-in-reproductive-health-care-do-we-need-a-new-theory-of-the-subject-to-promote-person-centred-care
#17
Biljana Stankovic
Going through reproductive experiences (especially pregnancy and childbirth) in contemporary Western societies almost inevitably involves interaction with medical practitioners and various medical technologies in institutional context. This has important consequences for women as embodied subjects. A critical appraisal of these consequences-coming dominantly from feminist scholarship-relied on a problematic theory of both technology and the subject, which are in contemporary approaches no longer considered as given, coherent and well individualized wholes, but as complex constellations that are locally situated and that can only be described empirically...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871202/corticobasal-syndrome-due-to-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-a-review-and-neuropsychological-case-report
#18
David Andrés González, Jason R Soble
OBJECTIVE: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, rapidly progressive, and fatal neurodegenerative disease with neuropsychological sequelae. This study highlighted a rare presentation of CJD (e.g. corticobasal syndrome [CBS]), reviewed updated diagnostic criteria and procedures for CJD (e.g. diffusion weighted imaging [DWI], real-time quaking-induced conversion [RT-QuIC]), and discussed differential diagnoses. METHOD: Case report methodology focused on a 68-year-old, Hispanic, right-handed man with 11 years of education...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870046/naive-tadpoles-do-not-recognize-recent-invasive-predatory-fishes-as%C3%A2-dangerous
#19
Attila Hettyey, Kerstin E Thonhauser, Veronika Bókony, Dustin J Penn, Herbert Hoi, Matteo Griggio
Invasive alien predators (IAP) are spreading on a global scale-often with devastating ecological effects. One reason for their success may be that prey species fail to recognize them due to a lack of co-evolutionary history. We performed a comprehensive test of this "prey naiveté" hypothesis using a novel approach: we tested whether predator-naive tadpoles of the agile frog (Rana dalmatina) display antipredator behavior upon encountering chemical cues produced by native, invasive (established or recent) or allopatric fishes (four perciforms, four siluriforms, and two cypriniforms)...
November 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861603/functional-response-fr-and-relative-growth-rate-rgr-do-not-show-the-known-invasiveness-of-lemna-minuta-kunth
#20
Wout Van Echelpoel, Pieter Boets, Peter L M Goethals
Growing travel and trade threatens biodiversity as it increases the rate of biological invasions globally, either by accidental or intentional introduction. Therefore, avoiding these impacts by forecasting invasions and impeding further spread is of utmost importance. In this study, three forecasting approaches were tested and combined to predict the invasive behaviour of the alien macrophyte Lemna minuta in comparison with the native Lemna minor: the functional response (FR) and relative growth rate (RGR), supplemented with a combined biomass-based nutrient removal (BBNR)...
2016: PloS One
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