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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918241/stigma-experienced-by-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-multicentric-study-from-india
#1
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Aakanksha Singh, Amitava Dan, Rajarshi Neogi, Darpan Kaur, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Abhijit R Rozatkar, Naresh Nebhinani, Suravi Patra, Priya Sivashankar, Alka A Subramanyam, Adarsh Tripathi, Ab Majid Gania, Gurvinder Pal Singh, Prakash Behere
This study aimed to evaluate the stigma and its correlates among patients with severe mental disorders. Patients with diagnosis of schizophrenia (N = 707), bipolar disorder (N = 344) and recurrent depressive disorder (N = 352) currently in clinical remission from 14 participating centres were assessed on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS). Patients with diagnosis of schizophrenia experienced higher level of alienation, sterotype endorsement, discrimination experience and total stigma when compared to patients with bipolar disorder and recurrent depressive disorder...
August 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913573/genetic-analysis-of-japanese-and-american-specimens-of-scirpus-hattorianus-suggests-its-introduction-from-north-america
#2
Kohei Satoh, Kohtaroh Shutoh, Takahide Kurosawa, Eisuke Hayasaka, Shingo Kaneko
Scirpus hattorianus is a possible alien species in Japan, and a clarification of its unclear taxonomy is required to reveal its origin. It is not known whether the plants initially described from Japan represent the same species distributed in North America. To clarify the origin of the species, we attempted to sequence old specimens collected about 80 years ago using newly designed primer pairs specific for short sequences, including the variable sites. Chloroplast sequences of ndhF were compared among Japanese and North American S...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902860/alien-species-pathways-to-the-galapagos-islands-ecuador
#3
M Verónica Toral-Granda, Charlotte E Causton, Heinke Jäger, Mandy Trueman, Juan Carlos Izurieta, Eddy Araujo, Marilyn Cruz, Kerstin K Zander, Arturo Izurieta, Stephen T Garnett
Alien species, one of the biggest threats to natural ecosystems worldwide, are of particular concern for oceanic archipelagos such as Galápagos. To enable more effective management of alien species, we reviewed, collated and analysed all available records of alien species for Galápagos. We also assembled a comprehensive dataset on pathways to and among the Galápagos Islands, including tourist and resident numbers, tourist vessels, their itineraries and visitation sites, aircraft capacity and occupancy, air and sea cargo and biosecurity interceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901805/fusiform-vateritic-inclusions-observed-in-european-eel-anguilla-anguilla-l-sagittae
#4
Zoltán Kern, Miklós Kázmér, Tamás Müller, András Specziár, Alexandra Németh, Tamás Váczi
Microscopic inclusions have been observed in 7 out of 106 European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) sagittae using polarizing microscope and scanning electron microscope meanwhile the annual increments were studied to characterize the age structure of the population living in Lake Balaton. The presence of vaterite, a rare calcium carbonate polymorph was observed in these inclusions using Raman spectroscopy. Vateritic sagittae in wild fish are usually considered as symptom of physiological stress. The observed fusiform inclusions represent a new morphological type of vaterite inclusions in eel otolith...
September 2017: Acta Biologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901037/no-consistent-pollinator-mediated-impacts-of-alien-plants-on-natives
#5
REVIEW
Julia A Charlebois, Risa D Sargent
The introduction of an alien plant is widely assumed to have negative consequences for the pollinator-mediated fitness of nearby natives. Indeed, a number of studies, including a highly cited meta-analysis, have concluded that the trend for such interactions is competitive. Here we provide evidence that publication bias and study design have obscured our ability to assess the pollinator-mediated impacts of alien plants. In a meta-analysis of 76 studies, we demonstrate that alien/native status does not predict the outcome of pollinator-mediated interactions among plants...
September 12, 2017: Ecology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900410/human-connections-and-their-roles-in-the-occupational-well-being-of-healthcare-professionals-a-study-on-loneliness-and-empathy
#6
Jorge Soler-Gonzalez, Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Human connections are key to the promotion of health and prevention of illness; moreover, illness can cause deterioration of human connections. Healthcare professional-patient relationships are key to ensuring the preservation of adequate human connections. It is important for healthcare professionals to develop their ability to foster satisfactory human connections because: (i) they represent social support for patients; and (ii) they prevent work-related stress. In this study we assessed the relationship between absence (loneliness) and presence (empathy) of human connections with the occupational well-being of healthcare professionals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895019/narrative-self-appropriation-embodiment-alienness-and-personal-responsibility-in-the-context-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Allan Køster
It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person's own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present the idea that narrativising experiences can play an important role in processes of appropriating such embodied self-alienness...
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891380/stories-of-hell-and-healing-internet-users-construction-of-benzodiazepine-distress-and-withdrawal
#8
Alison M Fixsen, Damien Ridge
Benzodiazepines are a group of drugs used mainly as sedatives, hypnotics, antiepileptics, and muscle relaxants. Consumption is recommended for 2 to 4 weeks only, due to fast onset of dependency and potentially distressing withdrawal symptoms. Few peer-review studies have drawn on the user experiences and language to appreciate firsthand experiences of benzodiazepine withdrawal or discontinuation syndrome. We looked extensively at patient stories of benzodiazepine withdrawal and recovery on Internet support sites and YouTube...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890126/the-nebulous-ecology-of-native-invasions
#9
REVIEW
Lloyd L Nackley, Adam G West, Andrew L Skowno, William J Bond
In the Anthropocene, alien species are no longer the only category of biological organism establishing and rapidly spreading beyond historical boundaries. We review evidence showing that invasions by native species are a global phenomenon and present case studies from Southern Africa, and elsewhere, that reveal how climate-mediated expansions of native plants into adjacent communities can emulate the functional and structural changes associated with invasions by alien plant species. We conclude that integrating native invasions into ecological practice and theory will improve mechanistic models and better inform policy and adaptive ecological management in the 21st century...
September 7, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886834/-joris-or-the-story-of-a-programmed-break
#10
Blandine Bechetoille, Xavière Faucon
The case of Joris, a young patient with an atypical clinical presentation, highlights the malaise present in our institutions. In this situation, the passage from paedopsychiatry to adult psychiatry could only end in alienation. This case study provides a basis to explore the clinical and institutional cogwheel of a transitional period that is often difficult.
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885089/non-suicidal-self-injury-elevates-suicide-risk-among-united-states-military-personnel-with-lifetime-attempted-suicide
#11
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: Military psychiatric inpatients with and without a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), combined with a history of at least one suicide attempt, were compared on suicide ideation severity, number of suicide attempts, and Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide variables. METHODS: Data was derived from baseline assessments performed in a psychotherapy randomized controlled trial. Lifetime history of NSSI and lifetime number of suicide attempts were assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS; Posner et al...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884205/development-of-brassica-oleracea-nigra-monosomic-alien-addition-lines-genotypic-cytological-and-morphological-analyses
#12
Chen Tan, Cheng Cui, Yi Xiang, Xianhong Ge, Zaiyun Li
We report the development and characterization of Brassica oleracea - nigra monosomic alien addition lines (MAALs) to dissect the Brassica B genome. Brassica nigra (2n = 16, BB) represents the diploid Brassica B genome which carries many useful genes and traits for breeding but received limited studies. To dissect the B genome from B. nigra, the triploid F1 hybrid (2n = 26, CCB) obtained previously from the cross B. oleracea var. alboglabra (2n = 18, CC) × B. nigra was used as the maternal parent and backcrossed successively to parental B...
September 7, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880349/-parental-alienation-and-the-controversy-surrounding-psychiatric-diagnostics
#13
C Migchels, D De Wachter
The phenomenon of parental alienation can arise when a child allies with one parent and refuses to have contact with the other parent. The concept has attracted a great deal of attention over the last few years. There has been controversy about whether parental alienation should be recognised as a psychiatric syndrome of the alienated child caught up in a conflict between supporters and opponents.<br/> AIM: To try to determine whether parental alienation belongs to psychiatric diagnostics.<br/> METHOD: We made a careful study of various databases in order to find literature relating to parental alienation...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875260/geosmithia-ophiostoma-a-new-fungus-fungus-association
#14
Alessia L Pepori, Priscilla P Bettini, Cecilia Comparini, Sabrina Sarrocco, Anna Bonini, Arcangela Frascella, Luisa Ghelardini, Aniello Scala, Giovanni Vannacci, Alberto Santini
In Europe as in North America, elms are devastated by Dutch elm disease (DED), caused by the alien ascomycete Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Pathogen dispersal and transmission are ensured by local species of bark beetles, which established a novel association with the fungus. Elm bark beetles also transport the Geosmithia fungi genus that is found in scolytids' galleries colonized by O. novo-ulmi. Widespread horizontal gene transfer between O. novo-ulmi and Geosmithia was recently observed. In order to define the relation between these two fungi in the DED pathosystem, O...
September 5, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873401/can-heat-waves-change-the-trophic-role-of-the-world-s-most-invasive-crayfish-diet-shifts-in-procambarus-clarkii
#15
Bruno M Carreira, Pedro Segurado, Anssi Laurila, Rui Rebelo
In the Mediterranean basin, the globally increasing temperatures are expected to be accompanied by longer heat waves. Commonly assumed to benefit cold-limited invasive alien species, these climatic changes may also change their feeding preferences, especially in the case of omnivorous ectotherms. We investigated heat wave effects on diet choice, growth and energy reserves in the invasive red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. In laboratory experiments, we fed juvenile and adult crayfish on animal, plant or mixed diets and exposed them to a short or a long heat wave...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873395/comparing-demersal-megafaunal-species-diversity-along-the-depth-gradient-within-the-south-aegean-and-cretan-seas-eastern-mediterranean
#16
Panagiota Peristeraki, George Tserpes, Nikolaos Lampadariou, Kostantinos I Stergiou
Knowledge on biodiversity patterns of demersal megafaunal species in the Mediterranean and particularly in its eastern basin is still very scarce. In the present study, fine-scale diversity patterns in relation to depth were analyzed for three major megafaunal groups (fish, cephalopods and crustaceans) in three subareas of the eastern Mediterranean (Crete, Cyclades and Dodecanese islands). The analysis was based on data from the Mediterranean International Trawl Survey conducted during 2005-2014 and the relationship between depth and two different diversity measures (species richness and Shannon-Weaver) was examined using Generalized Additive Modeling (GAM) techniques...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866721/progression-of-suicidal-ideation-to-suicidal-behavior-from-a-perspective-of-selected-suicidological-models
#17
REVIEW
Paweł Rodziński, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Anna Ostachowska
In clinical practice suicidal ideation (SI) is one of the most commonly encountered symptoms in patients with mental disorders. Such encounter calls for diligent evaluation of suicidal risk. Although the risk factors are widely known, accurate estimation of suicidal risk remains one of the most difficult and most important tasks that clinicians face - especially considering recently collected data showing increase in suicide prevalence in Poland. More thorough estimation of suicidal risk in patients with SI requires taking under consideration not only suicidal risk factors but also factors that are more specific for progression of SI to suicidal behaviors (SB)...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861250/does-responsiveness-to-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-depend-on-plant-invasive-status
#18
Kurt O Reinhart, Ylva Lekberg, John Klironomos, Hafiz Maherali
Differences in the direction and degree to which invasive alien and native plants are influenced by mycorrhizal associations could indicate a general mechanism of plant invasion, but whether or not such differences exist is unclear. Here, we tested whether mycorrhizal responsiveness varies by plant invasive status while controlling for phylogenetic relatedness among plants with two large grassland datasets. Mycorrhizal responsiveness was measured for 68 taxa from the Northern Plains, and data for 95 taxa from the Central Plains were included...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859838/far-from-the-lonely-crowd-the-trenchant-techno-cynicism-of-mr-robot
#19
REVIEW
Daniel Volmar
Mr. Robot is a television drama with an unusually techno-cynical premise, tying cybersecurity to the contemporary malaise of social alienation and political disengagement. Weary of consumer capitalism, the show's youthful protagonists seek a more authentic sense of belonging by exploiting the vulnerability of a global economic system that depends critically on creaking technological infrastructures. A remarkable display of iconoclasm for commercial entertainment, Mr. Robot suggests rising discontentment with the commodification of friendship through consumer electronics, but it may also offer media enterprises a model for how to profit from that discontentment in the future...
August 28, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856649/chromosome-engineering-techniques-for-targeted-introgression-of-rust-resistance-from-wild-wheat-relatives
#20
Peng Zhang, Ian S Dundas, Steven S Xu, Bernd Friebe, Robert A McIntosh, W John Raupp
Hexaploid wheat has relatively narrow genetic diversity due to its evolution and domestication history compared to its wild relatives that often carry agronomically important traits including resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Many genes have been introgressed into wheat from wild relatives using various strategies and protocols. One of the important issues with these introgressions is linkage drag, i.e., in addition to beneficial genes, undesirable or deleterious genes that negatively influence end-use quality and grain yield are also introgressed...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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