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avoidant personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#1
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126501/overview-of-paediatric-ibd
#2
David C Wilson, Richard K Russell
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic complex disease of children and adults requiring a range of medications and surgical techniques to induce and maintain remission. In common with other immune-mediated inflammatory disorders, it has shown an ever-increasing rise in incidence worldwide over the last 50 years. The cause of IBD arises from interactions between the microbiome in the gut and the gastrointestinal and systemic immune system in genetically susceptible persons, and with environmental triggers to both develop IBD and have relapses of IBD...
December 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#3
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115994/exploring-venlafaxine-pharmacokinetic-variability-with-a-phenotyping-approach-a-multicentric-french-swiss-study-marvel-study
#4
Célia Lloret-Linares, Youssef Daali, Sylvie Chevret, Isabelle Nieto, Fanny Molière, Philippe Courtet, Florence Galtier, Raphaëlle-Marie Richieri, Sophie Morange, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Wissam El-Hage, Thomas Desmidt, Frédéric Haesebaert, Philippe Vignaud, Jerôme Holtzmann, Jean-Luc Cracowski, Marion Leboyer, Antoine Yrondi, Fabienne Calvas, Liova Yon, Philippe Le Corvoisier, Olivier Doumy, Kyle Heron, Damien Montange, Siamak Davani, Julien Déglon, Marie Besson, Jules Desmeules, Emmanuel Haffen, Frank Bellivier
BACKGROUND: It is well known that the standard doses of a given drug may not have equivalent effects in all patients. To date, the management of depression remains mainly empirical and often poorly evaluated. The development of a personalized medicine in psychiatry may reduce treatment failure, intolerance or resistance, and hence the burden and costs of mood depressive disorders. The Geneva Cocktail Phenotypic approach presents several advantages including the "in vivo" measure of different cytochromes and transporter P-gp activities, their simultaneous determination in a single test, avoiding the influence of variability over time on phenotyping results, the administration of low dose substrates, a limited sampling strategy with an analytical method developed on DBS analysis...
November 7, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104331/experiential-avoidance-and-bordering-psychological-constructs-as-predictors-of-the-onset-relapse-and-maintenance-of-anxiety-disorders-one-or-many
#5
Philip Spinhoven, Albert M van Hemert, Brenda W J H Penninx
To investigate (a) the incremental predictive validity of experiential avoidance over and above bordering psychological constructs (i.e., rumination, worry, neuroticism and anxiety sensitivity) in predicting onset, relapse and maintenance of anxiety disorders; and (b) whether these related constructs can be represented by a single, higher-order latent factor with similar predictive power as the separate psychological constructs while offering a more parsimonious predictive model. Longitudinal cohort study with repeated assessments after 4 years in a sample of 2157 adults aged 18-65, consisting of 1614 persons with past or current anxiety disorder (Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia without panic) according to the Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument (CIDI) and 543 controls...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103430/promise-progress-and-pitfalls-in-the-search-for-central-nervous-system-biomarkers-in-neuroimmunological-diseases-a-role-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-immunophenotyping
#6
Bibiana Bielekova, Michael R Pranzatelli
Biomarkers are central to the translational medicine strategic focus, though strict criteria need to be applied to their designation and utility. They are one of the most promising areas of medical research, but the "biomarker life-cycle" must be understood to avoid false-positive and false-negative results. Molecular biomarkers will revolutionize the treatment of neurological diseases, but the rate of progress depends on a bold, visionary stance by neurologists, as well as scientists, biotech and pharmaceutical industries, funding agencies, and regulators...
August 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102897/the-hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid-axis-and-personality-in-a-sample-of-healthy-subjects
#7
Aleksei Piskunov, Adela Fusté, Nadezhda Teryaeva, Aleksei Moshkin, José Ruiz
Thyroid hormones influence various brain pathologies, including psychiatric disorders. However, the relationship between these hormones and the psychological state in the normal, non-clinical population is poorly understood. We aimed to test whether serum levels of thyroid hormones are associated with personality in the healthy population. Thyrotropin (TSH), free T3 (FT4), total and free T4 (TT4 and FT4) concentrations were measured in the blood of 104 healthy participants (44% men) aged 18-59 (M=35±9). Personality traits were assessed using the revised short versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-140) and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
October 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#8
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099623/event-centrality-influences-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-via-core-beliefs-in-internally-displaced-older-adults
#9
John Bosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
OBJECTIVES: There is substantial evidence regarding the role of event centrality (EC) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but little research has examined the explanatory pathways linking EC with PTSD symptoms severity. The present study examined whether core beliefs (CB) mediates the relationship between EC and PTSD symptoms in internally displaced older adults. METHOD: Internally displaced older adults (N = 279; mean age = 62 years) sheltered in two camps located in north-central Nigeria, completed Tiv language versions of self-report measures, namely, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Centrality of Event Scale, Core Beliefs Inventory, and provided relevant demographic information...
November 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096207/avoidant-personality-disorder-and-social-phobia-does-mindreading-make-the-difference
#10
Giovanni Pellecchia, Fabio Moroni, Livia Colle, Antonio Semerari, Antonino Carcione, Teresa Fera, Donatella Fiore, Giuseppe Nicolò, Roberto Pedone, Michele Procacci
OBJECTIVE: Avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) is closely related to and partially overlaps with social phobia (SP). There is an ongoing debate as to whether AvPD and SP can be classified as separate and distinct disorders or whether these diagnoses rather reflect different degrees of severity of social anxiety. The hypothesis of this study is that in patients with AvPD and in those with AvPD and comorbid SP both interpersonal functioning and metacognitive abilities (the ability to understand mental states) are more severely impaired than they are in patients with SP only...
September 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078170/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-depressed-coronary-patients-with-and-without-type-d-personality-results-of-the-multi-center-spirr-cad-trial
#11
Frank Lambertus, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Kurt Fritzsche, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Jana Jünger, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Matthias Michal, Joram Ronel, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Frank Vitinius, Cora Weber, Christian Albus
OBJECTIVE: Type D personality, as with formal mental disorders, is linked to increased mortality in coronary heart disease (CHD). Our aim was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among depressed CHD patients with and without Type D personality. METHODS: Depressive symptoms (HADS, HAM-D), Type D personality (DS-14) and mental disorders based on DSM-IV (SCID I and II) were assessed. Results were calculated by Kruskal-Wallis tests, Fisher's exact tests and logistic regression analyses...
October 7, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065870/crucial-factors-preceding-compulsory-psychiatric-admission-a-qualitative-patient-record-study
#12
Mark H de Jong, Margreet Oorschot, Astrid M Kamperman, Petra E Brussaard, Esther M Knijff, Roland van de Sande, Arthur R Van Gool, Cornelis L Mulder
BACKGROUND: Compulsory admissions have a strong effect on psychiatric patients and represent a deprivation of personal liberty. Although the rate of such admissions is tending to rise in several Western countries, there is little qualitative research on the mental health-care process preceding compulsory admission. The objective of the study was to identify crucial factors in the mental health-care process preceding compulsory admission of adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: This retrospective, qualitative multiple-case study was based on the patient records of patients with severe mental illness, mainly schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders...
October 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062365/comparing-the-profile-of-temperament-and-character-dimensions-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-mood-disorder-with-a-control-group
#13
Shahram Hajirezaei, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Mehdi Soleimani, Fatemeh Rahiminezhad, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, C Robert Cloninger
Objective: This study was conducted to compare the profile of temperament and character dimensions in patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder with a control group. Method: In this causal-comparative study, the population consisted of 2 clinical groups (major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder) and a non-clinical group. The sample was 193 individuals (77 patients with major depressive disorder, 86 patients with bipolar mood disorder, and 30 controls), with an age range of 18 to 65 years and the mean age of 40...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058168/cognitive-deficits-in-executive-functions-and-decision-making-impairments-cluster-gambling-disorder-sub-types
#14
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Fernándo Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Ana Beatriz Fagundo, María Lozano-Madrid, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Neus Aymamí, Indira Borrás-González, Jessica Sánchez-González, Marta Baño, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
To identify Gambling Disorder (GD) subtypes, in a population of men seeking treatment for GD, according to specific executive function domains (i.e., cognitive flexibility, inhibition and working memory as well as decision making) which are usually impaired in addictive behaviors. A total of 145 males ranging from 18 to 65 years diagnosed with GD were included in this study. All participants completed: (a) a set of questionnaires to assess psychopathological symptoms, personality and impulsivity traits, and (b) a battery of neuropsychological measures to test different executive functioning domains...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040324/the-centrality-of-affective-instability-and-identity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-evidence-from-network-analysis
#15
Juliette Richetin, Emanuele Preti, Giulio Costantini, Chiara De Panfilis
We argue that the series of traits characterizing Borderline Personality Disorder samples do not weigh equally. In this regard, we believe that network approaches employed recently in Personality and Psychopathology research to provide information about the differential relationships among symptoms would be useful to test our claim. To our knowledge, this approach has never been applied to personality disorders. We applied network analysis to the nine Borderline Personality Disorder traits to explore their relationships in two samples drawn from university students and clinical populations (N = 1317 and N = 96, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029673/emotion-regulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-effects-of-instructed-acceptance-and-suppression
#16
Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Brianna J Turner, M Zachary Rosenthal, Alexander L Chapman
Difficulties with emotion regulation are central to borderline personality disorder (BPD). Recent research suggests that avoidance of emotions in general, and emotion suppression specifically, may be commonly used among those who meet criteria for the disorder. Contemporary behavioral interventions for BPD incorporate cognitive and behavioral skills to increase emotional experiencing and acceptance while decreasing behaviors that function to escape or avoid from emotions. Few studies, however, have experimentally examined the effects of instructed emotion suppression and acceptance in BPD...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028643/pharmacotherapy-of-borderline-personality-disorder-replacing-confusion-with-prudent-pragmatism
#17
Vladan Starcevic, Aleksandar Janca
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article aims to examine trends in the pharmacological treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and shed more light on the attendant controversies. RECENT FINDINGS: Although specialized, BPD-centred psychotherapy is considered first-line treatment for BPD and no psychotropic drug has been licensed for BPD, medications are frequently prescribed in the management of this condition. Various classes of psychopharmacological agents are used for BPD and there is a prominent polypharmacy...
October 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024577/interpersonal-barriers-to-recovery-from-borderline-personality-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-patient-perspectives
#18
Adam Carmel, Nicole I Torres, Samantha Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
Social-environmental factors have been found to be an integral part in the recovery process for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. There are few studies that have obtained patient perspectives of how their social and treatment environments help facilitate or impede the recovery process. The following study examined the self-reported interpersonal barriers to recovery among a sample of individuals (N = 31) with borderline personality disorder who were receiving dialectical behaviour therapy. The goal of study was to identify self-reported problematic behaviour that interferes with recovery goals and identify types of family, friend and/or provider behaviours that increased the likelihood of patients engaging in these problematic behaviours...
October 12, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022218/an-examination-of-the-mechanisms-and-personality-traits-underlying-food-addiction-among-individuals-with-severe-obesity-awaiting-bariatric-surgery
#19
Anne-Sophie Ouellette, Christopher Rodrigue, Simone Lemieux, André Tchernof, Laurent Biertho, Catherine Bégin
PURPOSE: The aetiology underlying addiction has often been investigated to shed more light on the factors contributing to the development and maintenance of various disorders. In the field of addictive eating behaviours, data on the aetiological factors related to food addiction (FA) in the bariatric context remain scarce. The present study aimed to explore mechanisms and variables underlying FA among individuals suffering from severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery. METHODS: Participants (N = 146) were recruited at the Quebec Heart and Lung Institute during their pre-operative visit and were invited to complete questionnaires...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018397/short-term-beneficial-effects-of-12-sessions-of-neurofeedback-on-avoidant-personality-accentuation-in-the-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorder
#20
Nina Dalkner, Human F Unterrainer, Guilherme Wood, Dimitris Skliris, Sandra J Holasek, John H Gruzelier, Christa Neuper
This study evaluated the effects of alpha/theta neurofeedback on Clinical Personality Accentuations in individuals with alcohol use disorder. Twenty-five males were investigated using a pre-test/post-test design with a waiting-list control group. Participants were randomly assigned either to an experimental group (n = 13) receiving 12 sessions of neurofeedback twice a week as a treatment adjunct over a period of 6 weeks, or to a control group (n = 12) receiving treatment as usual. The Inventory of Clinical Personality Accentuations and the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory were applied at pre- and post-test...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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