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avoidant personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816518/balancing-between-prejudice-and-fact-for-gaming-disorder-does-the-existence-of-alcohol-use-disorder-stigmatize-healthy-drinkers-or-impede-scientific-research
#1
Seung-Yup Lee, Hyekyung Choo, Hae Kook Lee
The inclusion of Gaming Disorder (GD) criteria in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) beta draft was recently criticized, and an argument was made for its removal to "avoid a waste of public resources." However, these misleading statements are believed to be based on under estimation of this ever-growing problem. Such claims may endanger public health and the psychosocial well-being of affected individuals. Thus, the seriousness of the problem was briefly emphasized in our response paper...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812274/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders
#2
Michael G Gottschalk, Katharina Domschke
In the present chapter, we review the literature focusing on oxytocin (OT)-centered research in anxiety spectrum conditions, comprising separation anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety-related endophenotypes (e.g., trust behavior, behavioral inhibition, neuroticism, and state/trait anxiety). OT receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms have been implicated in gene-environment interactions with attachment style and childhood maltreatment and to influence clinical outcomes, including SAD intensity and limbic responsiveness...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810245/the-etiology-of-hoarding-disorder-a-review
#3
Mary E Dozier, Catherine R Ayers
This article will review the evidence of various proposed factors that contribute to the onset and maintenance of hoarding disorder (HD). Data suggests that hoarding is a chronic condition that starts early in life and does not remit if left untreated. There is emerging evidence that a number of factors contribute to the expression of HD symptoms, including genetics, neurocognitive functioning, attachments to possessions, beliefs, avoidance, personality factors, and life events. The extent to which each etiological factor uniquely contributes to hoarding is still unknown...
August 16, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#5
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793825/controlling-acute-pain-to-improve-the-quality-of-postoperative-pain-management-an-update-from-the-european-society-of-regional-anesthesia-meeting-held-in-maastricht-september-2016
#6
Jose De Andrés, Esther Pogatzki-Zahn, Frank Huygen, Edmund Neugebauer, William Fawcett
Improvement in postoperative pain management remains a global concern with a significant unmet need for patients. This was the focus of a 'Change Pain' session at the 35th European Society of Regional Anesthesia meeting (Maastricht, September 2016). Awareness of the size and nature of the problem is important to improve postoperative pain management strategies. Optimal treatment of acute pain should aim to avoid long-term sequelae such as the development of chronic pain disorders (e.g., phantom limb pain)...
August 10, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#7
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767016/personality-disorders-and-psychological-functioning-among-latina-women-with-eating-disorders
#8
Alyssa M Minnick, Fary M Cachelin, Ramani S Durvasula
Little is known about personality disorders (PD) and comorbidities among Latinas with eating disorders (ED). The dysregulation and chronicity of PDs can complicate and augment the symptomatology of EDs. This set of analyses provides a preliminary examination of PD and psychopathology in a sample of Latina women with ED. Participants (N = 34) were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Eating Disorders Examination, and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III to assess personality pathology, and questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory-II and Brief Symptom Inventory) to assess psychological functioning...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766372/role-of-event-centrality-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-internally-displaced-persons
#9
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
August 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764672/seeking-to-understand-lived-experiences-of-personal-recovery-in-personality-disorder-in-community-and-forensic-settings-a-qualitative-methods-investigation
#10
Andrew Shepherd, Caroline Sanders, Jenny Shaw
BACKGROUND: Understandings of personal recovery have emerged as an alternative framework to traditional ideas of clinical progression, or symptom remission, in clinical practice. Most research in this field has focussed on the experience of individuals suffering with psychotic disorders and little research has been conducted to explore the experience of individuals with a personality disorder diagnosis, despite the high prevalence of such difficulties. The nature of the personality disorder diagnosis, together with high prevalence rates in forensic settings, renders the understanding of recovery in these contexts particularly problematic...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763739/risk-of-malignancy-on-suspicion-of-polyps-in-menopausal-women
#11
Sandra Bel, Camille Billard, Julien Godet, Victor Viviani, Cherif Akladios, Aline Host, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisrame, Michel Hummel, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Lise Lecointre, Olivier Garbin
Improved performances in gynaecological ultrasonography have enabled an increasing number of often asymptomatic endometrial polyps to be detected. Most of these polyps are removed surgically, as a precautionary measure, so as not to miss a case of endometrial cancer. Nonetheless, this management strategy is based solely on the sonographer's judgement and a number of these operations, which are probably of no benefit, could be avoided. In order to do so, risk factors for malignancy need to be identified. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of lesions in menopausal patients with a pre-operative diagnosis of endometrial polyp...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762262/embodiment-mediates-the-relationship-between-avoidant-attachment-and-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#12
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Giovanni Castellini, Valdo Ricca, Umberto Volpe, Francesco De Riso, Massimiliano Nigro, Francesco Zamponi, Milena Mancini, Giovanni Stanghellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Janet Treasure, Mario Maj
OBJECTIVE: The overvaluation of body shape and weight of persons with eating disorders (EDs) is putatively explained by a disturbance in the way they experience their own body (embodiment). Moreover, attachment disorders seem to promote the use of body as source for self-definition. Therefore, we assessed the role of embodiment in the connection between attachment styles and ED psychopathology. METHOD: One-hundred and thirteen ED patients and 117 healthy subjects completed the Identity and Eating Disorders (IDEA) Questionnaire, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2) and the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale...
July 31, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756794/psychometric-properties-of-the-worry-behaviors-inventory-replication-and-extension-in-a-large-clinical-and-community-sample
#13
Alison E J Mahoney, Megan J Hobbs, Jill M Newby, Alishia D Williams, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: The use of maladaptive behaviors by individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is theoretically important and clinically meaningful. However, little is known about the specificity of avoidant behaviors to GAD and how these behaviors can be reliably assessed. AIMS: This study replicated and extended the psychometric evaluation of the Worry Behaviors Inventory (WBI), a brief self-report measure of avoidant behaviors associated with GAD. METHOD: The WBI was administered to a hospital-based sample of adults seeking treatment for symptoms of anxiety and/or depression (n = 639) and to a community sample (n = 55)...
July 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755602/the-mediator-effect-of-personality-traits-on-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-depressive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#14
Ryo Okubo, Takeshi Inoue, Naoki Hashimoto, Akio Suzukawa, Hajime Tanabe, Matsuhiko Oka, Hisashi Narita, Koki Ito, Yuki Kako, Ichiro Kusumi
Previous studies indicated that personality traits have a mediator effect on the relationship between childhood abuse and depressive symptoms in major depressive disorder and nonclinical general adult subjects. In the present study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that personality traits mediate the relationship between childhood abuse and depressive symptoms in schizophrenia. We used the following questionnaires to evaluate 255 outpatients with schizophrenia: the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale, temperament and character inventory, and Patients Health Questionnire-9...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744225/is-it-time-to-begin-a-public-campaign-concerning-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-review-article
#15
REVIEW
Jerzy Sacha, Magdalena Sacha, Jacek Soboń, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Piotr Feusette
Frailty is a state that encompasses losses in physical, psychological or social domains. Therefore, frail people demonstrate a reduced potential to manage external stressors and to respond to life incidents. Consequently, such persons are prone to various adverse consequences such as falls, cognitive decline, infections, hospitalization, disability, institutionalization, and death. Pre-frailty is a condition predisposing and usually preceding the frailty state. Early detection of frailty (i.e., pre-frailty) may present an opportunity to introduce effective management to improve outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738097/impact-of-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-internet-users
#16
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Internet use is pervasive in many cultures. Little is known about the impact of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) symptoms on impulsive and compulsive psychopathologies in people who use the Internet. METHODS: Adult Internet users (N = 1,323) completed an online questionnaire quantifying OCPD symptoms, likely occurrence of select mental disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], problematic Internet use, generalized anxiety disorder), and personality questionnaires of impulsivity and compulsivity...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735709/interpersonal-problems-across-levels-of-the-psychopathology-hierarchy
#17
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Lori N Scott, Stephanie D Stepp, Paul A Pilkonis
We examined the relationship between psychopathology and interpersonal problems in a sample of 825 clinical and community participants. Sixteen psychiatric diagnoses and five transdiagnostic dimensions were examined in relation to self-reported interpersonal problems. The structural summary method was used with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales to examine interpersonal problem profiles for each diagnosis and dimension. We built a structural model of mental disorders including factors corresponding to detachment (avoidant personality, social phobia, major depression), internalizing (dependent personality, borderline personality, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress, major depression), disinhibition (antisocial personality, drug dependence, alcohol dependence, borderline personality), dominance (histrionic personality, narcissistic personality, paranoid personality), and compulsivity (obsessive-compulsive personality)...
July 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735566/attachment-and-personality-disorders-among-child-molesters-the-role-of-trust
#18
Carlo Garofalo, Stefan Bogaerts
The present study investigated multivariate associations between attachment styles and personality disorders (PDs)-and the mediating role of trust-in a sample of child molesters ( n = 84) and a matched control group from the general community ( n = 80). Among child molesters, canonical correlation analysis revealed that two variates resembling avoidant and anxious attachment dimensions were associated with PD traits. Attachment avoidance was related to schizoid, schizotypal, and avoidant PDs, with a marginal contribution of antisocial PD...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710917/for-whom-does-interpersonal-psychotherapy-work-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Samantha L Bernecker, Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino, Paula Ravitz
The efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to treat depression and other disorders is well established, yet it remains unknown which patients will benefit more from IPT than another treatment. This review summarizes 46years of clinical trial research on patient characteristics that moderate the relative efficacy of IPT vs. different treatments. Across 57 studies from 33 trials comparing IPT to pharmacotherapy, another psychotherapy, or control, there were few consistent indicators of when IPT would be more or less effective than another treatment...
August 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706985/clinical-utility-of-epstein-barr-virus-viral-load-monitoring-and-risk-factors-for-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders-after-kidney-transplantation-a-single-center-10-year-observational-cohort-study
#20
Erica Franceschini, Jessica Plessi, Stefano Zona, Antonella Santoro, Margherita Digaetano, Francesco Fontana, Gaetano Alfano, Giovanni Guaraldi, Patrizia Comoli, Francesca Facchini, Leonardo Potenza, William Gennari, Mauro Codeluppi, Mario Luppi, Gianni Cappelli, Inge C Gyssens, Cristina Mussini
BACKGROUND: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplants. Epstein Barr virus (EBV) plays a major role in PTLD development. Guidelines recommend EBV viral load (VL) monitoring in high-risk populations in the first year. METHODS: Retrospective observational study in all adult patients who had at least 1 EBV-VL performed in the postkidney transplant (KT) period from January 2005 to December 2014 at the Policlinico Modena Hospital...
July 2017: Transplantation Direct
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