keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

avoidant personality disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087060/personality-in-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-behavioural-and-cognitive-correlates
#1
REVIEW
Gabriella Santangelo, Fausta Piscopo, Paolo Barone, Carmine Vitale
Affective disorders and personality changes have long been considered pre-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD). Many authors have used the term "premorbid personality" to define distinctive features of PD patients' personality characterized by reduced exploration of new environmental stimuli or potential reward sources ("novelty seeking") and avoidance behaviour ("harm avoidance") present before motor features. The functional correlates underlying the personality changes described in PD, implicate dysfunction of meso-cortico-limbic and striatal circuits...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081330/experiential-avoidance-empathy-and-anger-related-attitudesin-antisocial-personality-disorder
#2
Kaasım Fatih Yavuz, Oktay Şahin, Sevinç Ulusoy, Okan Ufuk İpek, Erhan Kurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: In prevailing opinion, a strong relation exists between lack of empathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). However, recent data fail to wholly clarify this relation, especially in consideration of empathy dimensions. In this study our aim was to address ASPD and social functionality from a contextual behavioral science viewpoint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted with a sample of 34 individuals with ASPD and 32 healthy individuals as the control group...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054193/personality-as-an-intermediate-phenotype-for-genetic-dissection-of-alcohol-use-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Lars Oreland, Gianvito Lagravinese, Simone Toffoletto, Kent W Nilsson, Jaanus Harro, C Robert Cloninger, Erika Comasco
Genetic and environmental interactive influences on predisposition to develop alcohol use disorder (AUD) account for the high heterogeneity among AUD patients and make research on the risk and resiliency factors complicated. Several attempts have been made to identify the genetic basis of AUD; however, only few genetic polymorphisms have consistently been associated with AUD. Intermediate phenotypes are expected to be in-between proxies of basic neuronal biological processes and nosological symptoms of AUD...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#4
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028484/personality-mental-health-and-demographic-correlates-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-a-midlife-sample
#5
Janet K Spittlehouse, Esther Vierck, John F Pearson, Peter R Joyce
We describe the Temperament and Character Inventory personality traits, demographic features, physical and mental health variables associated with hoarding behaviour in a random community sample of midlife participants in New Zealand. A sample of 404 midlife participants was recruited to a study of ageing. To assess hoarding behaviours participants completed the Savings Inventory-Revised (SI-R), personality was assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory and self-reported health was measured by the Short Form-36v2 (SF-36v2)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998878/developing-an-unguided-internet-delivered-intervention-for-emotional-distress-in-primary-care-patients-applying-common-factor-and-person-based-approaches
#6
Adam Wa Geraghty, Ricardo F Muñoz, Lucy Yardley, Jennifer Mc Sharry, Paul Little, Michael Moore
BACKGROUND: Developing effective, unguided Internet interventions for mental health represents a challenge. Without structured human guidance, engagement with these interventions is often limited and the effectiveness reduced. If their effectiveness can be increased, they have great potential for broad, low-cost dissemination. Improving unguided Internet interventions for mental health requires a renewed focus on the proposed underlying mechanisms of symptom improvement and the involvement of target users from the outset...
December 20, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995489/the-comorbidity-of-personality-disorders-in-eating-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Monica Martinussen, Oddgeir Friborg, Phöbe Schmierer, Sabine Kaiser, Karl Tore Øvergård, Anna-Lena Neunhoeffer, Egil W Martinsen, Jan H Rosenvinge
PURPOSE: The present meta-analysis summarized the proportion of comorbid personality disorders (PDs) in patients with anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), respectively, and examined possible moderating variables. METHODS: A search of the databases PsychINFO, Embase, and Medline for the period 1980-2016 identified 87 studies from 18 different countries. RESULTS: The mean proportion of PDs among patients with any type of eating disorder (ED) was ...
December 19, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990584/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-rural-china
#8
Sitong Luo, Chunqing Lin, Guoping Ji, Li Li
Among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms associated with HIV diagnosis is a common problem. This study examined HIV diagnosis-related PTSD symptoms and its associated factors among PLHA in rural China. We used baseline data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in Anhui Province, China. Surveys of 522 PLHA were conducted via computer-assisted personal interview method. PTSD symptoms were measured based on re-experiencing, avoidance and arousal of the day of HIV diagnosis...
December 19, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982450/self-embedding-behavior-in-adults-a-report-of-two-cases-and-a-systematic-review
#9
Victor S Mannarino, Débora C S Pereira, Wagner S Gurgel, Carolina B F Costa, Alexandre M Valença, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Mauro V Mendlowicz
Self-embedding behavior (SEB) is the repeated insertion of sharp objects, such as needles or pins, into the soft tissues of abdomen, limbs, and other body parts. In this study, two cases of SEB were reported and the scientific worldwide literature reviewed. Thirty-two cases of SEB were identified through systematic searches in the main bibliographic databases. Mean age was 35 years (SD = 8.97). Just over two-thirds of the patients were female. Although the number of embedded objects could be as high as 200, major clinical and surgical complications were uncommon and mortality was null...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977519/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-characteristics-of-individuals-with-parkinson-disease-who-avoid-activities-and-participation-due-to-fear-of-falling
#10
Merrill R Landers, Morgan Lopker, Molly Newman, Russell Gourlie, Spencer Sorensen, Rithea Vong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Avoidance behavior can have deleterious consequences on health and quality of life for persons with Parkinson disease (PD); for this reason, it is important to identify potentially mitigable characteristics. We compared the characteristics of individuals with PD who exhibit fear of falling (FOF) avoidance behavior with those who do not. METHODS: Fifty-nine participants with PD were classified as avoiders (n = 27) or nonavoiders (n = 32) by using the Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire and compared across 5 domains: demographic characteristics; PD-specific symptoms (subtype, Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale [MDS-UPDRS], Hoehn and Yahr Scale, Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 [PDQ-39]); balance and falls (fall history, Berg Balance Scale [BBS], Activities-Specific Balance Confidence [ABC] Scale, Impact of Events Scale, Consequences of Falling Questionnaire [CoFQ]); physical performance (30 Second Sit-to-Stand Test, Timed Up and Go Test, physical activity monitoring); and psychological factors (Zung Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Inventory [BDI])...
January 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968918/behaviours-in-avoiding-indoor-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-among-pregnant-women-in-five-geographical-areas-of-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Manoj Sharma, Jeff J Guo, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke is a major indoor pollutant that causes serious health problems, especially for pregnant women. The 2010 Global Adult Tobacco Survey in China reported that 65·1% of non-smoking women of childbearing age were exposed to second-hand smoke at home and 52·6% were exposed in the workplace. This study aimed to probe behaviours in avoiding indoor second-hand smoke exposure induced by different intimate relationships among pregnant women in China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older surveyed in person by investigators from June 1, to Aug 31, 2015, from 16 hospitals in five provinces of Mainland China (Chongqing, Chengdu, Zunyi, Liaocheng, and Tianjin)...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959460/personlighetssyndrom-%C3%A2-vad-%C3%A3-r-det-och-hur-st%C3%A3-ller-man-diagnos-etiologin-%C3%A3-r-komplex-%C3%A2-b%C3%A3-de-genetiska-faktorer-och-milj%C3%A3-faktorer-kan-vara-av-betydelse
#12
Lisa Ekselius, Jörgen Herlofson
Personality disorders - description, definition and diagnosis Personality disorders are common, associated with a poor quality of life, functional limitations, worse health, and often remain undiagnosed. The aetiology is complex, with the influence of both genetic and environmental factors. A person centred approach based on empathic understanding is important for the diagnostic and therapeutic alliance. In case of conceivable comorbidity, the relative influence of all possible comorbid conditions shall be evaluated to avoid an excessive number of comorbid diagnoses...
December 6, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959459/f%C3%A3-ljsamhet-och-t%C3%A3-lamod-kr%C3%A3-vs-f%C3%A3-r-att-m%C3%A3-ta-dessa-patienter-i-alla-behandlingsmodeller-betonas-vikten-av-en-aktiv-n%C3%A3-rvarande-relationsinriktad-terapeut
#13
Göran Rydén, Kent-Inge Perseius
Compliance and patience is needed when meeting patients with personality disorder To encounter patients with personality disorders in health care settings is often challenging. Most treatment studies published have included only patients with borderline personality disorder. Of evaluated psychological treatments in borderline personality disorder, dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) has the strongest research support, followed by mentalization based therapy (MBT). Pharmacological treatment in personality disorders should focus on time-limited crisis intervention and treatment of comorbidity...
December 6, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929311/different-types-of-combat-experiences-and-associated-symptoms-in-oef-and-oif-national-guard-and-reserve-veterans
#14
M Tracie Shea, Candice Presseau, Shauna L Finley, Madhavi K Reddy, Christopher Spofford
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that exposure to combat is a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The experiences of military personnel serving in combat zones vary widely however, leading to increased attention to the impact of different types of combat trauma. The present study examined the relationships among 3 conceptually based categories of combat exposure with 4 PTSD symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal) and symptoms of guilt, depression, and anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916672/famous-faces-and-voices-differential-profiles-in-early-right-and-left-semantic-dementia-and-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Simona Luzzi, Sara Baldinelli, Valentina Ranaldi, Katia Fabi, Viviana Cafazzo, Fabio Fringuelli, Mauro Silvestrini, Leandro Provinciali, Carlo Reverberi, Guido Gainotti
BACKGROUND: Famous face and voice recognition is reported to be impaired both in semantic dementia (SD) and in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), although more severely in the former. In AD a coexistence of perceptual impairment in face and voice processing has also been reported and this could contribute to the altered performance in complex semantic tasks. On the other hand, in SD both face and voice recognition disorders could be related to the prevalence of atrophy in the right temporal lobe (RTL)...
January 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915159/public-speaking-avoidance-as-a-treatment-moderator-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#16
Bita Mesri, Andrea N Niles, Andre Pittig, Richard T LeBeau, Ethan Haik, Michelle G Craske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) have both garnered empirical support for the effective treatment of social anxiety disorder. However, not every patient benefits equally from either treatment. Identifying moderators of treatment outcome can help to better understand which treatment is best suited for a particular patient. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals who met criteria for social anxiety disorder were assessed as part of a randomized controlled trial comparing 12 weeks of CBT and ACT...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906412/multiple-cluster-axis-ii-comorbidity-and-functional-outcome-in-severe-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Nerea Palomares, Antonia McMaster, Marina Díaz-Marsá, Irene de la Vega, Ana Montes, José Luis Carrasco
BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests that personality disorder comorbidity negatively contributes to both the severity and prognosis of other disorders; however, little literature has been devoted to its influence on borderline personality disorder (BPD). The objective of the present work is to study comorbidity with other personality disorders in a severe clinical sample of patients with BPD, and its relationship with global functionality. METHODS: A sample of 65 patients with severe borderline personality disorder was included in the study...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905829/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-dimensions-and-asthma-morbidity-in-world-trade-center-rescue-and-recovery-workers
#18
Irina Mindlis, Esperanza Morales-Raveendran, Emily Goodman, Kevin Xu, Clara Vila-Castelar, Kristine Keller, Ginger Crawford, Shynah James, Craig Katz, Laura E Crowley, Rafael E de la Hoz, Steven Markowitz, Juan P Wisnivesky
Objective Using data from a cohort of World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers with asthma, we assessed whether meeting criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), sub- PTSD and for specific PTSD symptom dimensions are associated with increased asthma morbidity. Methods Participants underwent a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual to assess presence of PTSD following DSM-IV criteria during in-person interviews between December 2013 and April 2015. We defined sub-threshold PTSD as meeting criteria for two of three symptom dimensions: re-experiencing, avoidance, or hyper-arousal...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904185/topical-therapy-in-atopic-dermatitis-in-children
#19
Dharshini Sathishkumar, Celia Moss
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic childhood skin disorder caused by complex genetic, immunological, and environmental interactions. It significantly impairs quality of life for both child and family. Treatment is complex and must be tailored to the individual taking into account personal, social, and emotional factors, as well as disease severity. This review covers the management of AD in children with topical treatments, focusing on: education and empowerment of patients and caregivers, avoidance of trigger factors, repair and maintenance of the skin barrier by correct use of emollients, control of inflammation with topical corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors, minimizing infection, and the use of bandages and body suits...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901211/how-to-tell-a-happy-from-an-unhappy-schizotype-personality-factors-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-psychotic-experiences
#20
Letícia O Alminhana, Miguel Farias, Gordon Claridge, Claude R Cloninger, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
Objective: It is unclear why some individuals reporting psychotic experiences have balanced lives while others go on to develop mental health problems. The objective of this study was to test if the personality traits of harm avoidance, self-directedness, and self-transcendence can be used as criteria to differentiate healthy from unhealthy schizotypal individuals. Methods: We interviewed 115 participants who reported a high frequency of psychotic experiences. The instruments used were the Temperament and Character Inventory (140), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
keyword
keyword
91583
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"