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avoidant personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336775/neural-correlates-of-emotional-action-control-in-anger-prone-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Katja Bertsch, Karin Roelofs, Paul Jonathan Roch, Bo Ma, Saskia Hensel, Sabine C Herpertz, Inge Volman
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in controlling emotional impulses is a crucial component of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that often leads to destructive, impulsive behaviours against others. In line with recent findings in aggressive individuals, deficits in prefrontal amygdala coupling during emotional action control may account for these symptoms. METHODS: To study the neurobiological correlates of altered emotional action control in individuals with BPD, we asked medication-free, anger-prone, female patients with BPD and age- and intelligence-matched healthy women to take part in an approach-avoidance task while lying in an MRI scanner...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333895/childhood-adversity-and-hazardous-drinking-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-insecurity
#2
Thao Lan Le, Robert D Levitan, Robert E Mann, Robert G Maunder
BACKGROUND: Harmful alcohol use is associated with disease and mortality. Identifying new determinants of harmful drinking may aid the 16.3 million adults who have alcohol use disorders. Childhood adversity is associated with alcohol use, but is not amenable to change. Attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) may be associated with alcohol use and may be a target for modification or used to personalize interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (a) identify the association between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking, (b) determine if attachment insecurity may mediate between childhood adversity and harmful drinking, and (c) test sex as a moderator between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking in the mediation relationship...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313407/sense-of-coherence-smoking-status-biochemical-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-body-mass-in-blue-collar-workers-short-report
#3
Anna Najder
The crucial cause of cardiovascular disorders is atherosclerosis developed by abnormal cholesterols levels or disorders affecting blood glucose. One of the best-known cardiovascular risk factors is also tobacco smoking. Simultaneously, sense of coherence (SoC) as a personal resource motivating to managing one's own health behaviors, such as avoiding tobacco smoking, was reported to be protective against coronary heart disease. Such association was observed in white-collar workers but not in blue-collar workers...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305750/visual-symptom-provocation-in-skin-picking-disorder-an-fmri-study
#4
Anne Schienle, Sonja Übel, Albert Wabnegger
Skin-picking disorder (SPD) is a common mental disorder characterized by recurrent and excessive picking of dermatological irregularities. Different disorder models have been developed to explain this behavior, but empirical evidence is still scarce. One model (the disgust-related disease avoidance model) suggests that SPD might be understood as pathological grooming elicited by skin imperfections that singal possible infection. Twenty-five women with SPD and 19 matched controls viewed and rated images depicting skin irregularities and smooth skin during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
January 5, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303844/alcohol-use-and-hiv-disease-progression-in-an-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-cohort
#5
Judith A Hahn, Debbie M Cheng, Nneka I Emenyonu, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Robin Fatch, Starley B Shade, Christine Ngabirano, Julian Adong, Kendall Bryant, Winnie R Muyindike, Jeffrey H Samet
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use has been shown to accelerate disease progression in experimental studies of simian immunodeficiency virus in macaques, but the results in observational studies of HIV have been conflicting. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of the impact of unhealthy alcohol use on CD4 cell count among HIV-infected persons in southwestern Uganda not yet eligible for antiretroviral treatment (ART). Unhealthy alcohol consumption was 3-month Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption (AUDIT-C) positive (≥3 for women, ≥4 for men) and/or phosphatidylethanol (PEth - an alcohol biomarker) ≥50 ng/ml, modeled as a time-dependent variable in a linear mixed effects model of CD4 count...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301162/milbenallergie-im-hno-bereich-bedeutung-diagnostik-und-therapieoptionen
#6
Ludger Klimek, Moritz Gröger, Sven Becker
Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects ca. 20% of the population. Approximately one third of patients affected by AR are suffering from perennial rhinitis due to mite allergy. Perennial rhinitis is the form of the disease that is most frequently associated with other allergy-related comorbidities such as asthma and atopic dermatitis, sleep disorders, chronic sinusitis, eustachian tube dysfunction and others.The often non-specific symptoms and the insidious course may lead to misinterpretations in diagnosing the disease...
January 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298965/stigmatization-of-psychiatrists-by-pedagogues
#7
Andrzej Witusik
Psychiatrists, as well as their patients, are the objects of the stigmatization process. The question arises as to whether stigmatization of psychiatrists is a phenomenon that occurs among the pedagogues. Answering this question has an important social dimension because it is the teacher and the pedagogue who shapes the attitudes of young people. AIM: Aim of the study was preliminary, pilot assessment of the severity of stigmatization of psychiatrists by teachers and educators who do not have everyday contact with mentally ill patients...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297662/venous-thromboembolism-role-of-pharmacists-and-managed-care-considerations
#8
Tuesdy Horner, Charles E Mahan
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Anticoagulation is used in patients with VTE to reduce the risk of recurrent VTE and VTE-related death. The overall incidence of VTE is 1 to 2 per 1000 person-years. Long-term mortality for patients with VTE is poor, with 25% of patients not surviving 7 days and nearly 40% not surviving the first year. Coagulation disorders demand effective anticoagulant therapy to avoid complications, especially recurrent VTE and VTE-related death...
December 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294985/predictors-of-ptsd-treatment-response-trajectories-in-a-sample-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors-the-roles-of-social-support-coping-and-ptsd-symptom-clusters
#9
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
This study aimed to (a) identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories in a sample of Danish treatment-seeking childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors and (b) examine the roles of social support, coping style, and individual PTSD symptom clusters (avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyperarousal) as predictors of the identified trajectories. We utilized a convenience sample of 439 CSA survivors attending personalized psychotherapy treatment in Denmark. Four assessments were conducted on a six monthly basis over a period of 18 months...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276043/associations-between-personality-disorder-characteristics-psychological-symptoms-and-sexual-functioning-in-young-women
#10
Andrea Grauvogl, Britt Pelzer, Veerle Radder, Jacques van Lankveld
BACKGROUND: Recently, the etiology of sexual dysfunctions in women has been approached from different angles. In clinical practice and in previous studies, it has been observed that women with sexual problems experience anxiety problems and express more rigid and perfectionistic personality traits than women without these problems. AIM: To investigate whether personality disorder characteristics according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) and psychological symptoms are associated with sexual problems in women...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251381/inhibitors-and-facilitators-of-compassion-focused-imagery-in-personality-disorder
#11
Iona Naismith, Amanda Mwale, Janet Feigenbaum
BACKGROUND: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has potential to benefit clients with a personality disorder (PD), given the inflated levels of shame and self-criticism in this population. However, clinical observation indicates that clients with PD may find techniques from this approach challenging. AIMS: The aim of this study is to trial one aspect of CFT, compassion-focused imagery (CFI), with this population, and identify factors that predict clients' ability to generate CFI and experience self-compassion during the task, including type of CFI exercise and, second, to establish whether CFI outcomes increase with practice...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241356/the-impact-of-experiential-avoidance-and-event-centrality-in-trauma-related-rumination-and-posttraumatic-stress
#12
Lia S Bishop, Victoria E Ameral, Kathleen M Palm Reed
Cognitive control strategies like rumination often increase posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, extant research has provided equivocal results when attempting to explain why this phenomenon occurs. The current study explored several mechanisms that may clarify such findings. For this study, 193 trauma-exposed community members completed measures of PTSD, rumination, experiential avoidance, and event centrality. Elevated reports of rumination were associated with greater PTSD symptomology, experiential avoidance, and event centrality...
December 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232684/beyond-autism-introducing-the-dialectical-misattunement-hypothesis-and-a-bayesian-account-of-intersubjectivity
#13
Dimitris Bolis, Joshua Balsters, Nicole Wenderoth, Cristina Becchio, Leonhard Schilbach
Drawing on sociocultural theories and Bayesian accounts of brain function, in this article we construe psychiatric conditions as disorders of social interaction to fully account for their complexity and dynamicity across levels of description and temporal scales. After an introduction of the theoretical underpinnings of our integrative approach, we take autism spectrum conditions (ASC) as a paradigm example and discuss how neurocognitive hypotheses can be translated into a Bayesian formulation, i.e., in terms of predictive processing and active inference...
December 13, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201333/development-of-the-arabic-voice-pathology-database-and-its-evaluation-by-using-speech-features-and-machine-learning-algorithms
#14
Tamer A Mesallam, Mohamed Farahat, Khalid H Malki, Mansour Alsulaiman, Zulfiqar Ali, Ahmed Al-Nasheri, Ghulam Muhammad
A voice disorder database is an essential element in doing research on automatic voice disorder detection and classification. Ethnicity affects the voice characteristics of a person, and so it is necessary to develop a database by collecting the voice samples of the targeted ethnic group. This will enhance the chances of arriving at a global solution for the accurate and reliable diagnosis of voice disorders by understanding the characteristics of a local group. Motivated by such idea, an Arabic voice pathology database (AVPD) is designed and developed in this study by recording three vowels, running speech, and isolated words...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180054/-a-therapeutic-education-program-for-parents-of-children-with-asd-preliminary-results-about-the-effectiveness-of-the-etap-program
#15
C Derguy, M Poumeyreau, S Pingault, K M'bailara
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by particularities of cognitive and socio-adaptive functioning. Daily, they require specific interventions for the disabled person as well as support for parents who often report deterioration in their physical and mental health. To this end, the latest Autism Plan 2013-2017 highlights the need "to help families to be present and active alongside their loved ones, to avoid situations of exhaustion and stress and to enable them to play their role fully in the long term"...
November 24, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179227/-on-the-risk-of-dependence-on-gabapentinoids
#16
Udo Bonnet, Norbert Scherbaum
In the last ten years, the prescriptions of the gabapentinoids gabapentin and pregabalin increased largely also in Germany. Since several national and international pharmacovigilance-databases have warned for abuse liabilities and overdose fatalities in association with both gabapentinoids, which moreover, became to be sold on internet and black-markets, their addictive power has been subject to an ongoing clinical debate. As pre- and post-approval clinical trials did not reveal significant signs of dependence on gabapentin or pregabalin, we systematically searched in PubMed and Scopus for clinical studies and case reports being associated with abuse of and dependence on these drugs...
November 27, 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179138/pathological-jealousy-and-pathological-love-apples-to-apples-or-apples-to-oranges
#17
Andrea Lorena da C Stravogiannis, Hyoun S Kim, Eglacy C Sophia, Cíntia Sanches, Monica L Zilberman, Hermano Tavares
Pathological jealousy evokes emotions, thoughts, and behaviors that cause damage to social and interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, pathological love is the uncontrollable behavior of caring for a partner that results in neglecting the needs of the self. The aim of the present research was to assess the similarities and differences between the two psychopathologies of love. To this end, thirty-two individuals with pathological jealousy and 33 individuals with pathological love were compared on demographics, aspects of romantic relationship (jealousy, satisfaction, love style), psychiatric co-morbidities, personality and psychological characteristics (e...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176893/the-fear-of-being-laughed-at-as-additional-diagnostic-criterion-in-social-anxiety-disorder-and-avoidant-personality-disorder
#18
Michael M Havranek, Fleur Volkart, Bianca Bolliger, Sophie Roos, Maximilian Buschner, Ramin Mansour, Thomas Chmielewski, Katharina Gaudlitz, Josef Hättenschwiler, Erich Seifritz, Willibald Ruch
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the most common anxiety disorder and has considerable negative impact on social functioning, quality of life, and career progression of those affected. Gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at) shares many similarities and has therefore been proposed as a subtype of SAD. This hypothesis has, however, never been tested in a clinical sample. Thus, the relationship between gelotophobia, SAD and avoidant personality disorder (APD) was investigated by examining a sample of 133 participants (64 psychiatric patients and 69 healthy controls matched for age and sex) using the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition) and an established rating instrument for gelotophobia (GELOPH<15>)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165146/association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-severity-and-ego-structure-of-the-nanai-people
#19
Yoko Ota, Natalia Korshunova, Masashi Demura, Midori Katsuyama, Hironobu Katsuyama, Sri Ratna Rahayu, Kiyofumi Saijoh
BACKGROUND: A man-made chemical disaster occurred in the Amur River, leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Nanai people indigenous to the river's surrounding area. PTSD severity measured by the total scores of Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) (Total-I) and Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) (Total-C) were not always identical in terms of demographic and ethnocultural characters. It is possible that the results derived using the Total-I and Total-C may differ for persons with different backgrounds and/or individual characteristics...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163366/clinical-genetic-and-protein-structural-aspects-of-familial-dysalbuminemic-hyperthyroxinemia-and-hypertriiodothyroninemia
#20
REVIEW
Ulrich Kragh-Hansen, Monica Galliano, Lorenzo Minchiotti
Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH-T4) and hypertriiodothyroninemia (FDH-T3) are dominantly inherited syndromes characterized by a high concentration of thyroid hormone in the blood stream. The syndromes do not cause disease, because the concentration of free hormone is normal, but affected individuals are at risk of erroneous treatment. FDH-T4 is the most common cause of euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia in Caucasian populations in which its prevalence is about 1 in 10,000 individuals, but the prevalence can be much higher in some ethnic groups...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
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