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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092410/big-five-personality-characteristics-are-associated-with-depression-subtypes-and-symptom-dimensions-of-depression-in-older-adults
#1
A M L Koorevaar, J M Hegeman, F Lamers, A D F Dhondt, R C van der Mast, M L Stek, H C Comijs
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of personality characteristics with both subtypes and symptom dimensions of depression in older adults. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight depressed older adults participated in the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons. Personality characteristics were assessed by the NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Subtypes and symptom dimensions of depression were determined using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091847/using-the-newly-developed-floor-sitting-movement-analysis-proforma-to-study-the-effect-of-age-and-activity-on-floor-sitting-in-indian-adults
#2
Anjana Nagrajan, Sebestina A D'Souza
Floor-sitting is culturally relevant to the Indian context. The present study aimed to examine the effect of age and activity on the movement patterns used and time taken to perform floor-sitting in Indian adults. Video-recordings of 30 young (23.30 ± 2.53 years) and 30 older (69.67 ± 6.45 years) adults performing floor-sitting without and with an activity (simulated feeding) were analyzed using the Floor-sitting Movement Analysis Proforma (FMAP) developed for the study. For inter-rater reliability of the FMAP, two raters analyzed the performance of a random sample of 20 participants...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081552/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-new-zealanders-support-for-euthanasia
#3
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067603/protective-personality-traits-high-openness-and-low-neuroticism-linked-to-better-memory-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Victoria M Leavitt, Korhan Buyukturkoglu, Matilde Inglese, James F Sumowski
BACKGROUND: Memory impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) is common, although few risk/protective factors are known. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships of personality to memory/non-memory cognition in MS. METHOD: 80 patients completed a cognitive battery and a personality scale measuring the "Big 5" traits: openness, neuroticism, agreeableness, extraversion, and conscientiousness. RESULTS: Memory was most related to openness, with higher openness linked to better memory and lower risk for memory impairment, controlling for age, atrophy, education, and intelligence quotient (IQ)...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064289/views-of-faculty-members-in-a-medical-school-with-regards-to-error-disclosure-and-reporting-to-parents-and-or-higher-authorities
#5
C H Wong, A C L Phuah, N S Y Naik, W S Choo, H S Y Ting, S M L Kuan, C L Teng, N Sivalingam
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the views of faculty members who train medical students concerning open disclosure. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the views of faculty in a medical school on: 1 what constitutes a medical error and the severity of such an error in relation to medication use or diagnosis; 2 information giving following such an adverse event, based on severity; and 3 acknowledgement of responsibility, remedial action, compensation, disciplinary action, legal action, and reporting to a higher body in relation to such adverse event...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039542/the-relationships-between-spiritual-well-being-quality-of-life-and-psychological-factors-before-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#6
Sara J Walker, Yiyi Chen, Kyungjeen Paik, Brandy Mirly, Charles R Thomas, Arthur Y Hung
Given shifting trends of religious identities in the USA, better understanding the impact of patients' religious identities on health-related quality of life (QOL) may help tailor the use of psychological interventions. Men with prostate cancer (N = 43) completed measures of quality of life (QOL), spiritual well-being in two domains (i.e., Faith and Meaning/Peace), psychological state, and psychological trait before undergoing radiotherapy. We hypothesized that (1) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with higher QOL and psychological trait protective factors (e...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019121/personality-emotional-qualities-of-leisure-and-subjective-well-being-in-the-elderly
#7
Patricia Kahlbaugh, Loreen Huffman
In this study, we examined personality traits of older adults and their emotional experiences associated with engaging in specific leisure activities. Older individuals (17 males, 32 females), ages ranging from 65 to 97 years (mean age 74), completed measures of Big Five personality traits, positive and negative affect, subjective well-being (SWB), independent functioning, and an emotion-activity inventory. As expected, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to experience were related to positive affect, while Neuroticism was related to negative affect...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977220/how-distinctive-are-morningness-and-eveningness-from-the-big-five-factors-of-personality-a-meta-analytic-investigation
#8
Anastasiya A Lipnevich, Marcus Credè, Elisabeth Hahn, Frank M Spinath, Richard D Roberts, Franzis Preckel
This study explores relations between measures of individuals' circadian preferences and the Big Five. To this end, we compared a model of circadian preferences that acknowledges morningness (M) and eveningness (E) as separate dimensions to that of a model that places M and E on a single continuum (M-E). Analyses of 620 correlations from 44 independent samples (N = 16,647) revealed weak to modest relations between both dimensions of circadian preferences and the Big Five personality traits. The strongest observed relation was found between Conscientiousness and M (ρ = ...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931909/the-big-five-personality-dimensions-and-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-alexithymia
#9
Mohammad Atari, Mahsa Yaghoubirad
The role of personality constructs on mental health has attracted research attention in the last few decades. The Big Five personality traits have been introduced as parsimonious dimensions of non-pathological traits. The five-factor model of personality includes neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness to experience. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the Big Five dimensions and mental health considering the mediating role of alexithymia as an important emotional-processing construct...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925772/which-domain-of-the-psy-5-is-most-relevant-to-substance-use
#10
William T Bryant, John L McNulty
Substance use has generally been related to lower levels of agreeableness and conscientiousness, but has evidenced relationships with other personality trait domains as well, including impulsivity. This study was conducted to determine which trait domain of personality is most related to substance use from the perspective of the Personality Psychopathology Five model (Harkness & McNulty, 1994 ). Archival data were used from 2 clinical settings: 1 outpatient community mental health center and 1 inpatient Veteran's Affairs hospital...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920737/facets-of-the-fundamental-content-dimensions-agency-with-competence-and-assertiveness-communion-with-warmth-and-morality
#11
Andrea E Abele, Nicole Hauke, Kim Peters, Eva Louvet, Aleksandra Szymkow, Yanping Duan
Agency (A) and communion (C) are fundamental content dimensions. We propose a facet-model that differentiates A into assertiveness (AA) and competence (AC) and C into warmth (CW) and morality (CM). We tested the model in a cross-cultural study by comparing data from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA (overall N = 1.808). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported our model. Both the two-factor model and the four-factor model showed good fit indices across countries. Participants answered additional measures intended to demonstrate the fruitfulness of distinguishing the facets...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882207/living-with-addicted-men-and-codependency-the-moderating-effect-of-personality-traits
#12
Leili Panaghi, Zohreh Ahmadabadi, Najmeh Khosravi, Mansoureh Sadat Sadeghi, Ali Madanipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the moderating effect of personality traits on the relationship between living with an addicted man and codependency. METHODS: We selected 140 women (70 wives of addicted men and 70 wives of non-addicted men) through convenience sampling method and asked them to complete Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale and NEO-Five Factor Inventory. FINDINGS: Codependency score was significantly higher among addicted men's wives...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881901/applicant-personality-and-procedural-justice-perceptions-of-group-selection-interviews
#13
Hege H Bye, Gro M Sandal
PURPOSE: We investigated how job applicants' personalities influence perceptions of the structural and social procedural justice of group selection interviews (i.e., a group of several applicants being evaluated simultaneously). We especially addressed trait interactions between neuroticism and extraversion (the affective plane) and extraversion and agreeableness (the interpersonal plane). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data on personality (pre-interview) and justice perceptions (post-interview) were collected in a field study among job applicants (N = 97) attending group selection interviews for positions as teachers in a Norwegian high school...
2016: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877143/personality-development-during-teacher-preparation
#14
Roisin P Corcoran, Joanne O'Flaherty
Objective: The purpose of this 3-year longitudinal study was to examine pre-service teachers' personality trajectories as measured by the IPIP Big-Five factor markers during teacher preparation. The relationship between students' personality traits, social desirability, and prior academic attainment was also examined. Method: This 3-year longitudinal study invited participants from the first year of a 4-year undergraduate (UG) pre-service teacher education program, the class of 2017. The sample consisted of 305 students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876134/geniuses-of-medical-science-friendly-open-and-responsible-not-mad
#15
Maitane Oscoz-Irurozqui, Felipe Ortuño
Recent studies based on biography analysis provide support for the notion that the prevalence of mental illness in the creative geniuses of art, literature and science is higher than it is in more ordinary folk. However, this relationship between madness and genius, which was also addressed by the classical philosophers, has been generalized to all branches of professional endeavour. Whilst it may hold true for illustrious personalities of the fine arts, we found that the relationship proves inappropriate to the biographies of ten individuals renowned in history for their innovative contributions to medical science...
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865845/temporal-spatial-and-metabolic-measures-of-walking-in-highly-functional-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations
#16
Hannah L Jarvis, Alex N Bennett, Martin Twiste, Rhodri D Phillip, John Etherington, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this descriptive exploratory study is to record the temporal spatial parameters and metabolic energy expenditure during walking of individuals with amputation, walking with advanced prostheses and following completion of comprehensive rehabilitation, to able-bodied controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Multi-disciplinary comprehensive rehabilitation centre PARTICIPANTS: Thirty severely injured United Kingdom military personnel with amputation and subsequent completion of their rehabilitation programme (10 unilateral trans-tibial, 10 unilateral trans-femoral, and 10 bilateral trans-femoral) were compared to (and of similar age, height and mass (p >0...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859182/trait-anger-physical-aggression-and-violent-offending-in-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#17
Nathan J Kolla, Jeffrey H Meyer, R Michael Bagby, Amanda Brijmohan
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are common conditions in forensic settings that present high rates of violence. Personality traits related to the five-factor model personality domains of neuroticism and agreeableness have shown a relationship with physical aggression in nonclinical and general psychiatric samples. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the association of these personality traits with violence and aggression in ASPD and BPD. Results revealed that trait anger/hostility predicted self-reported physical aggression in 47 ASPD and BPD subjects (β = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857500/inter-observer-variability-and-its-correlation-to-experience-in-measurement-of-lower-limb-mechanical-axis-on-long-leg-radiographs
#18
Raju Vaishya, Vipul Vijay, Vikas P Birla, Amit Kumar Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Restoration of mechanical axis (MA) is one of the most important aims of treatment of knee arthritis. The measurement of MA is often done on hip knee ankle (HKA) radiographs (LLR), but its measurement is often difficult and variable. We studied to check if inter-observer variability in the measurement of MA is dependent on the experience of the observer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 48 patients (70 knees) underwent measurement of MA on HKA radiographs. The measurement was done by five observers of different experience...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846100/the-relationships-among-personality-intercultural-communication-and-cultural-self-efficacy-in-nursing-students
#19
Joanne Chung-Yan Chan, Po Yi Sy
BACKGROUND: The demand for nurses to provide transcultural nursing care is rising. However, little is known about the relationships among the dimensions of nurse personality, intercultural communication, and cultural self-efficacy in the provision of this care. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the associations among personality, intercultural communication, and cultural self-efficacy in nursing students and to compare intercultural communication and cultural self-efficacy between first-year and third-year nursing students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837153/personality-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-young-adulthood-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
This research used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 15,359; age range 25-34) to examine the cross-sectional relation between personality and four components of metabolic syndrome (elevated glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol, and waist circumference) and a metabolic risk index in young adulthood. Consistent with research on older adults, higher Neuroticism and lower Conscientiousness were associated with greater risk of metabolic dysfunction; Agreeableness, however, was unrelated to it...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
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