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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329352/interpersonal-trauma-moderates-the-relationship-between-personality-factors-and-suicidality-of-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Yongjoon Yoo, Hyeon-Ju Park, Soowon Park, Maeng Je Cho, Seong-Jin Cho, Ji Yeon Lee, Soo-Hee Choi, Jun-Young Lee
Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more prone to suicidal ideation and behavior. While those who have experienced interpersonal trauma exhibit more suicidality than those who have experienced non-interpersonal trauma, it is unclear how the traumatic effects are related to an individual's personality characteristics. This study examined the association between interpersonal trauma and personality factors with suicidality, and elucidated the moderating role of interpersonal trauma in individuals with PTSD...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324823/the-relationship-between-personalities-and-self-report-positive-driving-behavior-in-a-chinese-sample
#2
Biying Shen, Weina Qu, Yan Ge, Xianghong Sun, Kan Zhang
Driving behaviors play an important role in accident involvement. Concretely speaking, aberrant driving behaviors would cause more accidents, and oppositely positive driving behaviors would promote to build safety traffic environment. The main goals of this study were to explore the positive driving behavior and its relationship with personality in a Chinese sample. A total of 421 licensed drivers (286 male and 135 female) from Beijing, China completed the Positive Driver Behavior Scale (PDBS), the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ), the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) and the Big Five Inventory (BFI) on a voluntary and anonymous basis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323514/ffmpd-scales-comparisons-with-the-ffm-pid-5-and-cat-pd-sf
#3
Cristina Crego, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
A series of 8 Five Factor Model Personality Disorder (FFMPD) scales have been developed to assess, from the perspective of the Five Factor Model (FFM), the maladaptive traits included within DSM-5 Section II personality disorders. An extensive body of FFMPD research has accumulated. However, for the most part, each study has been confined to the scales within 1 particular FFMPD Inventory. The current study considered 36 FFMPD scales, at least 1 from each of the 8 FFMPD inventories, including 8 scales considered to be from neuroticism, 8 from extraversion, 5 from openness, 8 from agreeableness, and 7 from conscientiousness...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323509/five-factor-model-personality-disorder-scales-an-introduction-to-a-special-section-on-assessment-of-maladaptive-variants-of-the-five-factor-model
#4
R Michael Bagby, Thomas A Widiger
The Five-Factor Model (FFM) is a dimensional model of general personality structure, consisting of the domains of neuroticism (or emotional instability), extraversion versus introversion, openness (or unconventionality), agreeableness versus antagonism, and conscientiousness (or constraint). The FFM is arguably the most commonly researched dimensional model of general personality structure. However, a notable limitation of existing measures of the FFM has been a lack of coverage of its maladaptive variants...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313976/personality-traits-and-perceptions-of-organisational-justice
#5
Maria Törnroos, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Mirka Hintsanen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Jokela, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
This study examined the association between five-factor model personality traits and perceptions of organisational justice. The sample for the study comprised 903 participants (35-50 years old; 523 women) studied in 2007 and 2012. Measures used were the Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Five-Factor Inventory questionnaire and the short organisational justice measure. The results showed that high neuroticism was associated with low distributive, procedural and interactional justice. Furthermore, high agreeableness was associated with high procedural and interactional justice and high openness with high distributive justice...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294909/the-prediction-of-repeated-violence-among-individuals-with-serious-mental-disorders-situational-versus-dispositional-factors
#6
Michelle N Harris, Brent Teasdale
The question we attempt to answer in this study is why some individuals with serious mental illness engage in repeated violence, while others do not. There appear to be two perspectives that may explain repeated violence: one that emphasizes situational factors and one that emphasizes dispositional factors. Situational factors are those that are constantly changing within one's life, whereas dispositional factors are those that remain relatively stable over time. Therefore, dispositional factors would theoretically put individuals with serious mental illness at stable risk for repeated violence because these factors remain relatively stable over time...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285655/the-psychology-of-gay-men-s-cuckolding-fantasies
#7
Justin J Lehmiller, David Ley, Dan Savage
Cuckolding (also known as troilism) is a sexual interest in which one obtains sexual arousal from the experience of a romantic partner engaging in sexual activity with someone else. The present study investigated fantasies about and experiences with cuckolding in a large and diverse sample of predominately gay-identified men (N = 580). Compared to previous research focusing on heterosexual men's cuckolding fantasies, our results indicate that gay men's cuckolding fantasies share many common elements; however, they differ in some important ways...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282462/evaluation-of-validity-evidence-for-personality-emotional-intelligence-and-situational-judgment-tests-to-identify-successful-residents
#8
Aimee K Gardner, Brian J Dunkin
Importance: The ability to identify candidates who will thrive and successfully complete their residency is especially critical for general surgery programs. Objective: To assess the extent to which 3 screening tools used extensively in industrial selection settings-emotional intelligence (EQ), personality profiles, and situational judgment tests (SJTs)-could identify successful surgery residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this analysis, personality profiles, EQ assessments, and SJTs were administered from July through August 2015 to 51 postgraduate year 1 through 5 general surgery residents in a large general surgery residency program...
December 27, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279022/personality-and-its-relationship-to-depression-and-cognition-in-older-adults-implications-for-practice
#9
Nasreen A Sadeq, Victor Molinari
OBJECTIVES: Personality is an important contributor to an individual's mental health and is consistently linked to the two most prevalent mental health conditions among older adults: dementia and depression. This review summarizes the current findings on personality and its association with cognitive decline and depression, as well as treatment outcomes and possible intervention strategies. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in Web of Science, PubMed, and PsycINFO...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260896/the-surgical-personality-does-it-exist
#10
Matthew Whitaker
Introduction This study aims to answer the question of whether surgeons have different personalities to non-surgeons. Methods Members of the Royal College of Surgeons of England were sent an email survey containing 50 standard questions from the Five Factor personality assessment, which scores each respondent in five key personality traits (conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, extroversion). Results were analysed and compared with a population-level data set from a survey conducted by the BBC...
January 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249777/-relationship-between-exercise-adherence-and-personality-characteristics-in-persons-experienced-in-the-medical-fitness-program
#11
Yuko Yamashita, Nao Seki, Kimie Umeda, Naohito Tanabe, Kunihiko Shinoda, Isamu Konishi, Akiyoshi Sekiya, Akiko Sekii, Tamaki Ohta
Objective We examined effective exercise adherence support methods for persons experienced in the Medical Fitness (MF) program to clarify the relation of personality traits with exercise adherence and the factors that improve exercise adherence.Methods Subjects were 283 adults who had registered as members in the MF program at an affiliate of Hospital A. We implemented an anonymous self-administered questionnaire by postal mail. Using the Japanese version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (which contains 10 items that measure the Big Five personality traits), we evaluated the following characteristics: "Extraversion", "Agreeableness", "Conscientiousness", "Neuroticism", and "Openness"...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245859/polarization-dependent-brillouin-frequency-shift-fluctuation-induced-by-low-birefringence-in-single-mode-fiber
#12
Chunhua Wang, Yunliang Han, Fufei Pang, Liang Chen, Xiaoyi Bao
The polarization dependent fluctuation of Brillouin frequency shift (BFS) of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in practical single mode fibers (SMFs) is reported. The phenomenon is actually caused by the interference of the low birefringence in SMF with the SBS spectral polarization spreading of the signal light. The performance of the polarization dependent BFS fluctuation is studied by simulation and confirmed with agreeable experimental results.
December 11, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239646/a-comparison-of-personality-in-the-common-and-bolivian-squirrel-monkey-saimiri-sciureus-and-saimiri-boliviensis
#13
Vanessa A D Wilson, Miho Inoue-Murayama, Alexander Weiss
Personality has been studied in all of the great apes, many Old World monkey species, but only a handful of New World monkey species. Because understanding the personalities of New World monkeys is crucial to understanding personality evolution in primates, we used the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire to assess personality in 55 common squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) and 40 Bolivian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). We found 4 personality components in each species, and labeled them Openness, Neuroticism, Assertiveness, and Agreeableness...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236555/assessing-private-and-public-need-for-uniqueness-validation-of-french-versions-of-the-need-for-uniqueness-nfu-and-self-attributed-need-for-uniqueness-sanu-scales
#14
Fanny Lalot, Marcello Cantarella, Oulmann Zerhouni, Emilie Joly, Alain Quiamzade, Juan Manuel Falomir-Pichastor, Olivier Desrichard, Laurent Bègue
Need for uniqueness represents the need for people to feel different and distinguish themselves from others. Two major scales exist that measure this need: the Need for Uniqueness scale (NfU; Snyder & Fromkin, 1977 ) and the Self-Attributed Need for Uniqueness scale (SANU; Lynn & Harris, 1997b ). We propose here a French version of both scales. Through a dual approach of exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses, we investigated the scales' structure in student samples from two French-speaking countries (France and Switzerland, N = 1,348) as well as measures of internal and external validity...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231022/-forensic-psychiatric-assessment-for-organic-personality-disorders-after-craniocerebral-trauma
#15
C H Li, L N Huang, M C Zhang, M He
OBJECTIVES: To explore the occurrence and the differences of clinical manifestations of organic personality disorder with varying degrees of craniocerebral trauma. METHODS: According to the International Classification of Diseases-10, 396 subjects with craniocerebral trauma caused by traffic accidents were diagnosed, and the degrees of craniocerebral trauma were graded. The personality characteristics of all patients were evaluated using the simplified Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230075/personality-predicts-mortality-risk-an-integrative-data-analysis-of-15-international-longitudinal-studies
#16
Eileen K Graham, Joshua P Rutsohn, Nicholas A Turiano, Rebecca Bendayan, Philip J Batterham, Denis Gerstorf, Mindy J Katz, Chandra A Reynolds, Emily S Sharp, Tomiko B Yoneda, Emily D Bastarache, Lorien G Elleman, Elizabeth M Zelinski, Boo Johansson, Diana Kuh, Lisa L Barnes, David A Bennett, Dorly J H Deeg, Richard B Lipton, Nancy L Pedersen, Andrea M Piccinin, Avron Spiro, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Sherry L Willis, K Warner Schaie, Carol Roan, Pamela Herd, Scott M Hofer, Daniel K Mroczek
This study examined the Big Five personality traits as predictors of mortality risk, and smoking as a mediator of that association. Replication was built into the fabric of our design: we used a Coordinated Analysis with 15 international datasets, representing 44,094 participants. We found that high neuroticism and low conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness were consistent predictors of mortality across studies. Smoking had a small mediating effect for neuroticism. Country and baseline age explained variation in effects: studies with older baseline age showed a pattern of protective effects (HR<1...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226673/multiplexed-detection-of-attomole-nucleic-acids-using-fluorescent-nanoparticle-counting-platform
#17
Xiaojing Pei, Haoyan Yin, Tiancheng Lai, Jun-Long Zhang, Feng Liu, Xiao Xu, Na Li
The sensitive multiplexed detection of nucleic acids in a single sample by a simple manner is of pivotal importance for diagnosis and therapy of human diseases. Herein, we constructed an automatic fluorescent nanoparticle (FNP) counting platform with a common fluorescence microscopic imaging setup for non-amplification multiplexed detection of attomole nucleic acids. Taking the ad-vantages of the highly bright, multi-color emitting FNPs and magnetic separation, the platform enables the sensitive multiplexed detection without the need for extra fluorescent labels...
December 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220860/patients-willingness-to-defer-resection-of-diminutive-polyps-results-of-a-multicenter-survey
#18
Daniel von Renteln, Mickael Bouin, Alan N Barkun, Audrey Weber, Douglas J Robertson, Joseph C Anderson, Heiko Pohl
Background and study aims Current colonoscopy practice requires removal of diminutive polyps. This is associated with costs, but the benefits to colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention remain unclear. The study aim was to understand patients' willingness to defer resection of diminutive polyps and to examine the factors that influence patients' decisions. Patients and methods Adults presenting for a colonoscopy were surveyed at three hospitals in the USA and Canada. Survey domains included: patient characteristics, risk perception, knowledge about CRC risk, willingness to defer polyp resection, and associated concerns...
December 8, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219002/relationship-between-personality-traits-generativity-and-life-satisfaction-in-individuals-attending-university-programs-for-seniors
#19
Ana Belen Navarro-Prados, Sara Serrate-Gonzalez, Jose-Manuel Muñoz-Rodríguez, Unai Díaz-Orueta
Personality traits of older adults and their contribution to life satisfaction and generative interest were assessed. A total of 342 older participants (66% women), mean age = 67.89 years old ( SD = 6.52, range = 55-84 years old), who attended the University of the Experience in Salamanca (Spain), were evaluated. Information on sociodemographic data, perceived health and activity, personality traits, generativity, and life satisfaction was collected using self-reported questionnaires. Results confirmed a relation between personality traits, life satisfaction, and generativity...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199631/aggressors-and-victims-in-bullying-and-cyberbullying-a-study-of-personality-profiles-using-the-five-factor-model
#20
Cristina Alonso, Estrella Romero
Bullying and cyberbullying are highly prevalent in today's society. However, the personality profiles of different roles involved in this phenomenon remain little known. This study aims (1) to examine the association between bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents; and (2) to analyze the relationship between bullying and cyberbullying in terms of the domains and facets of the five-factor model (FFM). A total of 910 adolescents aged 12 to 19 years old participated. They were administered self-report assessments of aggression and victimization in bullying and cyberbullying, as well as the JS-NEO-S questionnaire...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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