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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631975/assessing-the-unidimensionality-of-trait-reactance-using-a-multifaceted-model-assessment-approach
#1
Allison Brown Yost, Sara J Finney
This study employed a multifaceted model assessment approach to investigate the dimensionality and nomological network of a popular measure of trait reactance, the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale (HPRS; Hong & Page, 1989 ). To address confusion regarding the scoring and modeling of the HPRS as well as its limited external validity evidence, we tested competing factor models, diagnosed model-data misfit, examined relationships between competing factor models and key personality traits, and cross-validated the results...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628620/prevalence-and-determinants-of-online-sex-use-in-the-german-population
#2
Manfred E Beutel, Sebastian Giralt, Klaus Wölfling, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler
INTRODUCTION: The unlimited access to sexual features in the World Wide Web has raised concerns about excessive and problematic online-sex use. However, little is known about antecedents of internet-sex use of different intensity. Based on a representative German sample of 2,522 participants between the ages of 14 and 97 years, the aims of the present study were (1) to determine the prevalence rates of online-sex users with the short version (ISSTGSV) of the Internet Sex Screening Test and (2) to associate online-sex use with anxious vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620722/testing-the-amotivational-syndrome-marijuana-use-longitudinally-predicts-lower-self-efficacy-even-after-controlling-for-demographics-personality-and-alcohol-and-cigarette-use
#3
Andrew Lac, Jeremy W Luk
The marijuana amotivational syndrome posits that cannabis use fosters apathy through the depletion of motivation-based constructs such as self-efficacy. The current study pursued a two-round design to rule out concomitant risk factors responsible for the connection from marijuana intake to lower general self-efficacy. College students (N = 505) completed measures of marijuana use, demographics (age, gender, and race), personality (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and neuroticism), other substance use (alcohol and tobacco), and general self-efficacy (initiative, effort, and persistence) in two assessments separated by a month...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#4
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603508/not-all-selfies-took-alike-distinct-selfie-motivations-are-related-to-different-personality-characteristics
#5
Shir Etgar, Yair Amichai-Hamburger
Selfies have become a frequent and commonplace occurrence, though the reasons which lead people to take selfies remain unclear. This research explores what motivates selfie taking, and suggests that this is not a uniform phenomenon and varying motivations may be found among selfie takers. In addition, the connection between these distinct selfie motivations and personality characteristics, including the big five, narcissism, and self-esteem, as well as types of selfie behaviors are examined. At the first stage of the research, 117 participants filled out a questionnaire dealing with their reasons for taking selfies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594200/a-mixed-methods-study-of-personality-conceptions-in-the-levant-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank
#6
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
Personality taxonomies are investigated using either etic-style studies that test whether Western-developed models fit in a new culture, or emic-style studies that derive personality dimensions from a local culture, using a psycholexical approach. Recent studies have incorporated strengths from both approaches. We combine the 2 approaches in the first study of personality descriptors in spoken Arabic. In Study 1, we collected 17,283 responses from a sample of adults in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and the West Bank (N = 545)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593531/distinguishing-appraisal-and-personality-influences-on-quality-of-life-in-chronic-illness-introducing-the-quality-of-life-appraisal-profile-version-2
#7
Bruce D Rapkin, Iliana Garcia, Wesley Michael, Jie Zhang, Carolyn E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Cognitive appraisal of quality of life (QOL) differs across individuals in ways that explain otherwise paradoxical findings, such as similar QOL ratings among individuals in highly divergent health states. Although warranted by a growing body of evidence, routine assessment of appraisal in QOL research has been impeded by measurement challenges. This study describes the QOL Appraisal Profile-version 2 (QOLAPv2), a new measure that addresses these challenges. METHODS: A heterogeneous, on-line cohort of chronic disease patients and caregivers completed the QOLAPv2, along with demographics, PROMIS10 and Brief NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI)...
June 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590208/borderline-patients-25-to-50-years-later-with-commentary-on-outcome-factors
#8
Michael H Stone
The current study concerns the long-term follow-up of 40 patients with borderline personality disorder. Sixteen were patients from the PI-500 study, formerly hospitalized at the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Twenty-four had been from the author's private practice 25 to 50 years ago. Twenty-one of the combined group had first been in treatment 50 years ago. This is believed to be the longest follow-up period recorded for borderline patients. The main results are that two-thirds of the patients eventually reached the level of either clinical remission or clinical recovery...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583005/development-and-validation-of-the-faceted-inventory-of-the-five-factor-model-fi-ffm
#9
David Watson, Ericka Nus, Kevin D Wu
The Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model (FI-FFM) is a comprehensive hierarchical measure of personality. The FI-FFM was created across five phases of scale development. It includes five facets apiece for neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness; four facets within agreeableness; and three facets for openness. We present reliability and validity data obtained from three samples. The FI-FFM scales are internally consistent and highly stable over 2 weeks (retest rs ranged from .64 to .82, median r = ...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581652/adolescent-personality-as-risk-and-resiliency-in-the-testosterone-externalizing-association
#10
Kathleen W Reardon, Kathrin Herzhoff, Jennifer L Tackett
Previous investigations of testosterone and externalizing behavior have provided mixed findings. We tested the hypothesis that self-regulatory personality moderates the testosterone-externalizing behavior association in adolescence. Parents reported on their 13- to 18-year-old (N = 106, Mage = 16.01, SD = 1.29) children's personalities and psychopathology. Testosterone was measured via drool samples. As hypothesized, personality moderated the testosterone-externalizing behavior association. High testosterone predicted higher levels of externalizing behaviors, but only for adolescents low in Agreeableness and Conscientiousness...
September 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570776/the-personality-basis-of-aggression-the-mediating-role-of-anger-and-the-moderating-role-of-emotional-intelligence
#11
Esperanza García-Sancho, Kristof Dhont, José M Salguero, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
High neuroticism and low agreeableness have been found to predict higher levels of aggression through an increase of negative emotions such as anger. However, previous research has only investigated these indirect associations for physical aggression, whereas evidence for such indirect effects on other types of aggression (i.e., verbal or indirect aggression) is currently lacking. Moreover, no previous work has investigated the moderating role of Ability Emotional Intelligence (AEI), which may buffer against the effects of anger on aggression...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556497/a-genome-wide-quantitative-trait-locus-qtl-linkage-scan-of-neo-personality-factors-in-latino-families-segregating-bipolar-disorder
#12
Byung Dae Lee, Suzanne Gonzalez, Erika Villa, Cynthia Camarillo, Marco Rodriguez, Yin Yao, Wei Guo, Deborah Flores, Alvaro Jerez, Henriette Raventos, Alfonso Ontiveros, Humberto Nicolini, Michael Escamilla
Personality traits have been suggested as potential endophenotypes for Bipolar Disorder (BP), as they can be quantitatively measured and show correlations with BP. The present study utilized data from 2,745 individuals from 686 extended pedigrees originally ascertained for having multiplex cases of BP (963 cases of BPI or schizoaffective BP). Subjects were assessed with the NEO Personality Inventory, Revised (NEO PI-R) and genotyped using the Illumina HumanLinkage-24 Bead Chip, with an average genetic coverage of 0...
May 29, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554337/assessing-value-budget-impact-and-affordability-in-asia
#13
Grace Hampson, Chris Henshall, Adrian Towse
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore definitions of value and the use of budget impact and affordability considerations in health technology assessment (HTA) in the Asia region, particularly in relation to high cost technologies. METHODS: Issues were debated by senior representatives from HTA and payer systems in Asian countries, delegates from industry, and invited experts at the 2016 meeting of the HTAi Asia Policy Forum (HAPF). A premeeting survey was used to gather data on how value is assessed and budget impact calculations are used within current processes, as well as current approaches to managing affordability...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543321/conscientiousness-but-not-agreeableness-mediates-females-tendency-toward-being-a-morning-person
#14
Arash Rahafar, Ina Castellana, Christoph Randler, Juan Manuel Antúnez
Individuals differ in their chronotype, and some are identified as morning ones and others as evening ones. Earlier studies showed that women were higher on morningness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. In this study, we aimed at exploring the mediational effects of conscientiousness and agreeableness in the relationship of gender and morningness-eveningness. Participants were 669 university students. Results supported positive relationships between morningness and conscientiousness and agreeableness and between conscientiousness and agreeableness...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539188/counterbalancing-work-related-stress-work-engagement-among-intensive-care-professionals
#15
Margo M C van Mol, Marjan D Nijkamp, Jan Bakker, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Erwin J O Kompanje
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Working in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is increasingly complex and is also physically, cognitively and emotionally demanding. Although the negative emotions of work-related stress have been well studied, the opposite perspective of work engagement might also provide valuable insight into how these emotional demands may be countered. This study focused on the work engagement of ICU professionals and explored the complex relationship between work engagement, job demands and advantageous personal resources...
May 20, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539141/individual-traits-personal-values-and-conflict-resolution-in-an-isolated-confined-extreme-environment
#16
Jesper G Corneliussen, Gloria R Leon, Anders Kjærgaard, Birgit A Fink, Noah C Venables
BACKGROUND: The study of personality traits, personal values, and the emergence of conflicts within groups performing in an isolated, confined, and extreme environment (ICE) may provide insights helpful for the composition and support of space crews for long duration missions. METHODS: Studied pre/post and over the 2-yr period of the investigation were 10 Danish military personnel deployed to stations in Greenland on a 26-mo staggered rotation. Subjects completed the NEO PI-R, Triarchic Psychopathy Measure, and Portrait Values Questionnaire, and participated in structured interviews...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533504/identification-of-genetic-loci-shared-between-schizophrenia-and-the-big-five-personality-traits
#17
Olav B Smeland, Yunpeng Wang, Min-Tzu Lo, Wen Li, Oleksandr Frei, Aree Witoelar, Martin Tesli, David A Hinds, Joyce Y Tung, Srdjan Djurovic, Chi-Hua Chen, Anders M Dale, Ole A Andreassen
Schizophrenia is associated with differences in personality traits, and recent studies suggest that personality traits and schizophrenia share a genetic basis. Here we aimed to identify specific genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits using a Bayesian statistical framework. Using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on personality traits in the 23andMe cohort (n = 59,225) and schizophrenia in the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium cohort (n = 82,315), we evaluated overlap in common genetic variants...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532164/statistical-factorial-analysis-approach-for-parameter-calibration-on-material-nonlinearity-of-intervertebral-disc-finite-element-model
#18
Masni-Azian, Masao Tanaka
In the biomechanics field, material parameters calibration is significant for finite element (FE) model to ensure a legit estimation of biomechanical response. Determining an appropriate combination of calibration factors is challenging as each constitutive component responds differently. This study proposes a statistical factorial analysis approach using L16(4(5)) orthogonal array to evaluate material nonlinearity and applicable calibration factor of the intervertebral disc FE model in pure moment. The calibrated model exhibits improved agreement to the experimental findings for all directions...
August 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531988/optimization-of-toxic-biological-compound-adsorption-from-aqueous-solution-onto-silicon-and-silicon-carbide-nanoparticles-through-response-surface-methodology
#19
Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ali Fakhri, Sahar Rashidi, Ahmed A Ibrahim, Mohammad Asif, Shilpi Agarwal
The subject of this paper is removal of Aflatoxin B1 as toxic biological compound adsorption onto Silicon (Si) and Silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles in aqueous matrices using Response surface methodology. The surface frame of Si and SiC nanoparticles were comminuted by XRD, TEM, SEM, and BET. Experiments were steered well-found by Box-Behnken plan (BBD). Experiments of batch method were performed to prognosticate the reaction equilibrium of Aflatoxin B1 removal. The response surface methodological approach was used...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526256/perceived-sleep-quality-the-interplay-of-neuroticism-affect-and-hyperarousal
#20
Nicola Cellini, Katherine A Duggan, Michela Sarlo
INTRODUCTION: Many adults experience poor sleep quality, and personality traits have emerged as important predictors of self-reported sleep. However, it is still unclear whether personality predicts sleep quality independent of other correlates, including mood, emotion regulation, and hyperarousal. AIMS AND METHOD: The aim of this study was twofold. First, using an online survey, we assessed the relationship between perceived sleep quality (defined here as the total score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and personality in 498 Italians (M age=26...
June 2017: Sleep Health
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