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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931038/hostile-and-energetic-anger-is-predicted-by-low-agreeableness-and-high-energetic-arousal
#1
Marcin Zajenkowski
A hypothesis that anger is related to high energetic arousal (EA), but only at a low level of agreeableness was tested. In the first two studies, the association between trait anger, agreeableness, and EA was explored. In the next two studies, the interactions of agreeableness with constructs conceptually and empirically close to EA, in predicting anger were tested. Study 3 revealed that anger was predicted by a low level of agreeableness and a high level of positive affect. In study 4 task engagement (construct containing an energetic component) was included in the context of cognitive performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929023/a-dark-past-a-restrained-present-and-an-apocalyptic-future-time-perspective-personality-and-life-satisfaction-among-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#2
Danilo Garcia, Alexandre Granjard, Suzanna Lundblad, Trevor Archer
BACKGROUND: Despite reporting low levels of well-being, anorexia nervosa patients express temperament traits (e.g., extraversion and persistence) necessary for high levels of life satisfaction. Nevertheless, among individuals without eating disorders, a balanced organization of the flow of time, influences life satisfaction beyond temperamental dispositions. A balanced time perspective is defined as: high past positive, low past negative, high present hedonistic, low present fatalistic, and high future...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922034/personality-traits-and-social-media-use-in-20-countries-how-personality-relates-to-frequency-of-social-media-use-social-media-news-use-and-social-media-use-for-social-interaction
#3
Homero Gil de Zúñiga, Trevor Diehl, Brigitte Huber, James Liu
This study examines the relationship between peoples' personality traits and social media uses with data from 20 societies (N = 21,314). A measure of the "Big Five" personality traits is tested on key social media dimensions: frequency of use, social interaction, and news consumption. Across diverse societies, findings suggest that while extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are all positive predictors of different types of social media use, emotional stability and openness are negatively related to them...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913387/personality-traits-and-theory-of-mind-performance-data-of-a-spanish-sample-of-university-students
#4
José M Gavilán, Juan Haro
This article allows consulting the performance data of 96 Spanish university students in two personality questionnaires and two theory of mind (ToM) tasks. Personality dimensions were evaluated through the OPERAS questionnaire (Vigil-Colet et al., 2013) [1], which evaluates global personality through 5 scales: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience, and the ESQUIZO-Q questionnaire (Fonseca-Pedrero et al., 2010) [2], which assesses schizotypy by means of 10 subscales: ideas of reference, magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, odd thinking and language, paranoid ideation, physical anhedonia, social anhedonia, odd behavior, lack of close friends, and excessive social anxiety...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889809/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-personality-associations-with-the-big-five-and-type-d-personality-traits
#5
D Schoormans, J E Verhoeven, J Denollet, L van de Poll-Franse, B W J H Penninx
Backgrounds Accelerated cellular ageing, which can be examined by telomere length (TL), may be an overarching mechanism underlying the association between personality and adverse health outcomes. This 6-year longitudinal study examined the relation between personality and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) across time among adults with a wide age-range. METHODS: Data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used and included patients with a depression and/or anxiety disorder and healthy controls...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876587/is-routine-staging-laparoscopy-in-potentially-resectable-disease-justified-in-gastric-cancer-a-single-unit-experience
#6
G Chinnery, J Plaskett, E Jonas
BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma is a heterogenous disease with often a late presentation. Staging laparoscopy (SL) improves the detection of metastases not visible on standard cross-sectional imaging. Routine SL may avoid unnecessary surgical exploration in a significant proportion of patients. METHOD: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was performed identifying the use of routine SL in patients presenting with potentially resectable gastric (GCA) and oesophagogastric junction (OGJ) adenocarcinoma; with patients presenting between April 2013 and April 2017 to a single surgical unit reviewed...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871715/personality-as-significant-predictor-of-post-stroke-anxiety
#7
Andrea Solgajová, Tomáš Sollár, Gabriela Vörösová, Dana Zrubcová
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety in stroke patients is very frequent. It negatively influences the whole recovery process. The study objective is to study personality traits, age, gender, and type of stroke as predictors of anxiety in stroke patients. METHODS: Research presents a prospective cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample consisted of 74 hospitalized stroke patients. The data collection methods were the HADS for anxiety measurement and the Mini IPIP for evaluation of five personality factors...
August 5, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844557/five-factor-model-personality-traits-relate-to-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-but-not-to-their-distinct-neurocognitive-profiles
#8
Fiona E Van Dijk, Jeannette Mostert, Jeffrey Glennon, Marten Onnink, Janneke Dammers, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Cornelis Kan, Robbert Jan Verkes, Martine Hoogman, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar
Deficits in multiple neuropsychological domains and specific personality profiles have been observed in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study we investigated whether personality traits are related to neurocognitive profiles in adults with ADHD. Neuropsychological performance and Five Factor Model (FFM) personality traits were measured in adults with ADHD (n = 133) and healthy controls (n = 132). Three neuropsychological profiles, derived from previous community detection analyses, were investigated for personality trait differences...
August 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836718/the-personality-of-past-present-and-future-speech-language-pathology-students
#9
Nicole Byrne
BACKGROUND: As allied health professions change over time to keep up with and reflect a rapidly changing society, it is quite possible that the people attracted to the profession may also change. If this is the case, then knowing this could be critical for future workforce marketing, training and planning. AIMS: The aim was to investigate whether the personality of students entering a speech-language pathology (SLP) program had changed over time and whether there were generational differences in personality...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834598/comparison-of-noninvasive-and-invasive-point-of-care-testing-methods-with-reference-method-for-hemoglobin-measurement
#10
Gamze Avcioglu, Cemil Nural, Fatma Meriç Yilmaz, Pervin Baran, Özcan Erel, Gülsen Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Rapid and practical point-of-care testing (POCT) devices become more popular, especially in blood donation centers for determining predonation hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate accordance between the POCT methods and the venous method as the reference to Hb screening. METHODS: A total of 353 subjects with no known significant health problems were included in the study. Hb screening was performed by two different POCT methods, a noninvasive method (Haemospect, MBR, Germany) and an invasive method (HemoControl, EKF Diagnostic, Germany), and a venous method as the reference (Sysmex XE-2100, Sysmex Europe, Germany)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833239/relationship-of-personality-with-integration-and-confrontation-in-internal-dialogues
#11
Małgorzata M Puchalska-Wasyl
Interest in confrontational and integrative internal dialogues (IDs) has been growing, as they perform numerous important functions. This study aimed to identify the personality-related determinants of integration and confrontation processes in ID that simulates social relationships. The test group comprised 125 students (62 men). Participants were given a description of a fictional problem facing a young married couple and they were to imagine a dialogue between the characters. Additionally three instruments were administered: the NEO Five Factor Inventory, the Experiences in Close Relationships - Revised Questionnaire and the Integration-Confrontation Questionnaire...
August 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833208/accounting-for-job-satisfaction-examining-the-interplay-of-person-and-situation
#12
Tinna Elfstrand Corlin, Ali Kazemi
In the present study, we investigate the interplay of personality traits (i.e., person) in frontline care staff in nursing homes and the way they relate to the residents (i.e., situation) to account for their job satisfaction. Participants completed a survey including Mini-IPIP tapping the five-factor model of personality, Individualized Care Inventory tapping four aspects of person-centered care and job satisfaction. The results revealed that staff scoring high on neuroticism experienced less job satisfaction...
August 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832622/the-feline-five-an-exploration-of-personality-in-pet-cats-felis-catus
#13
Carla A Litchfield, Gillian Quinton, Hayley Tindle, Belinda Chiera, K Heidy Kikillus, Philip Roetman
The idea of animals possessing personalities was once dismissed by the scientific community, but has since gained traction with evidence for potential application to improve captive animal management and welfare. Although domestic cats are popular companion animals, research has tended to overlook the value of personality assessment for management and care of pet cats. The aim of this study was to investigate personality in a large sample of pet cats with a view to understanding practical implications for pet cats in the home...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815264/agreeableness-as-predictor-of-induced-scratching-in-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-a-replication-study
#14
Christina Schut, Katharina Reinisch, Alexander Classen, Sarah Andres, Uwe Gieler, Jörg Kupfer
In patients with atopic dermatitis agreeableness and public self-consciousness have previously been shown to be significant predictors of induced scratching, while depression was significantly related to induced itch. This study aimed to replicate these findings. Itch and scratching were induced by videos of crawling insects or skin diseases. Induced itch was measured using a visual analogue scale. Scratching behavior was evaluated by two raters. Psychological variables were assessed using validated questionnaires...
August 17, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813330/personality-and-performance-moving-beyond-the-big-5
#15
REVIEW
Ross Roberts, Tim Woodman
In this review, we examine the literature in relation to personality and performance. Much of the extant work in this area has focused on the role of the Big 5 traits (i.e., extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness, and neuroticism), at the expense of other personality variables that have a strong performance-focused rationale. Further, a focus on main effects has dominated the literature, without recourse to consider person×environment interactions. In this review we go beyond the Big 5 and consider the role of two personality traits, narcissism and alexithymia, in relation to performance...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810502/brief-report-how-short-is-too-short-an-ultra-brief-measure-of-the-big-five-personality-domains-implicates-agreeableness-as-a-risk-for-all-cause-mortality
#16
Benjamin P Chapman, Ari J Elliot
Controversy exists over the use of brief Big Five scales in health studies. We investigated links between an ultra-brief measure, the Big Five Inventory-10, and mortality in the General Social Survey. The Agreeableness scale was associated with elevated mortality risk (hazard ratio = 1.26, p = .017). This effect was attributable to the reversed-scored item "Tends to find fault with others," so that greater fault-finding predicted lower mortality risk. The Conscientiousness scale approached meta-analytic estimates, which were not precise enough for significance...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804917/person-city-personality-fit-and-entrepreneurial-success-an-explorative-study-in-china
#18
Mingjie Zhou, Yixin Zhou, Jianxin Zhang, Martin Obschonka, Rainer K Silbereisen
While the study of personality differences is a traditional psychological approach in entrepreneurship research, economic research directs attention towards the entrepreneurial ecosystems in which entrepreneurial activity are embedded. We combine both approaches and quantify the interplay between the individual personality make-up of entrepreneurs and the local personality composition of ecosystems, with a special focus on person-city personality fit. Specifically, we analyse personality data from N = 26,405 Chinese residents across 42 major Chinese cities, including N = 1091 Chinese entrepreneurs...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782805/individual-difference-factors-and-beliefs-in-medical-and-political-conspiracy-theories
#19
Natasha Galliford, Adrian Furnham
This study examined the relationship between a series of individual difference measures and belief in political and medical conspiracy theories. Participants (N = 323) rated 20 conspiracy theories (10 medical, 10 political) and completed a set of questionnaires. Belief in political conspiracies was strongly positively correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. Belief in both conspiracy types was correlated with low self-esteem, low Conscientiousness, more right-wing political views, younger age, and greater belief in the benefits of Alternative Medicine...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769843/the-curvilinear-relationship-between-age-and-emotional-aperture-the-moderating-role-of-agreeableness
#20
Anna Faber, Frank Walter
The capability to correctly recognize collective emotion expressions [i.e., emotional aperture (EA)] is crucial for effective social and work-related interactions. Yet, little remains known about the antecedents of this ability. The present study therefore aims to shed new light onto key aspects that may promote or diminish an individual's EA. We examine the role of age for this ability in an online sample of 181 participants (with an age range of 18-72 years, located in Germany), and we investigate agreeableness as a key contingency factor...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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