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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135809/definition-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women-which-one-to-adopt
#1
Rena D Malik, Yuefeng Rose Wu, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the various definitions of recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI) recommended by experts and specialty societies cited in biomedical literature. METHODS: A systematic review of RUTI in women was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed between 1966 and 2016 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses Statement. Twenty-five publications were selected for inclusion in this analysis...
November 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130441/is-the-device-oriented-subjective-outcome-doso-independent-of-personality
#2
Yu-Hsiang Wu, Kelsey Dumanch, Elizabeth Stangl, Christi Miller, Kelly Tremblay, Ruth Bentler
BACKGROUND: Self-report questionnaires are a frequently used method of evaluating hearing aid outcomes. Studies have shown that personality can account for 5-20% of the variance in response to self-report measures. As a result, these influences can impact results and limit their generalizability when the purpose of the study is to examine the technological merit of hearing aids. To reduce personality influences on self-report outcome data, the Device-Oriented Subjective Outcome (DOSO) was developed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130029/turking-overtime-how-participant-characteristics-and-behavior-vary-over-time-and-day-on-amazon-mechanical-turk
#3
Antonio A Arechar, Gordon Kraft-Todd, David G Rand
Online experiments allow researchers to collect datasets at times not typical of laboratory studies. We recruit 2,336 participants from Amazon Mechanical Turk to examine if participant characteristics and behaviors differ depending on whether the experiment is conducted during the day versus night, and on weekdays versus weekends. Participants make incentivized decisions involving prosociality, punishment, and discounting, and complete a demographic and personality survey. We find no time or day differences in behavior, but do find that participants at nights and on weekends are less experienced with online studies; on weekends are less reflective; and at night are less conscientious and more neurotic...
July 2017: Journal of the Economic Science Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117847/the-impact-of-school-visits-on-siblings-of-children-with-cancer
#4
Isabelle Sjoberg, Jason D Pole, Marilyn Cassidy, Claudette Boilard, Sharon Costantini, Donna L Johnston
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer affects the entire family. Siblings experience similar stress to that of the ill child, including anger, depression, jealousy, guilt, and social isolation. School reentry programs are shown to be positive interventions for patients, it is hypothesized that similar outcomes exist for siblings. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of studying the impact of the Ontario Oncology Nurse School Visitation Program on the well-being and school adjustment of siblings of pediatric cancer patients...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117734/risk-factors-for-a-delay-in-medical-education-results-of-an-online-survey-among-four-german-medical-schools
#5
Jens Walldorf, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Delayed study progress in medical school is a challenging issue for the tax paying community, the faculty and the medical students themselves. Reasons for a delay might be different from known risk factors for academic difficulties. METHODS: An online survey regarding delays in the study progress and including a personality test (BFI-10) was presented to medical students from four German medical schools after completion of their 3rd year of study. RESULTS: Of 617 students, 51...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115749/when-study-participants-are-vulnerable-getting-and-keeping-the-right-team
#6
Nikki L Hill, Jacqueline Mogle, Rachel Wion, Ann M Kolanowski, Donna Fick, Liza Behrens, Paula Muhall, Jane McDowell
BACKGROUND: Research assistants (RAs) are critical members of all research teams. When a study involves vulnerable populations, it is particularly important to have the right team members. AIM: To describe the motivations, personal characteristics and team characteristics that promoted the job satisfaction of RAs who worked on two multi-year, randomised clinical trials involving older adults with dementia. DISCUSSION: A survey was conducted with 41 community members who worked as RAs for up to five years...
September 19, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115168/language-of-adhd-in-adults-on-social-media
#7
Sharath Chandra Guntuku, J Russell Ramsay, Raina M Merchant, Lyle H Ungar
OBJECTIVE: We computationally analyze the language of social media users diagnosed with ADHD to understand what they talk about, and how their language is correlated with users' characteristics such as personality and temporal orientation. METHOD: We analyzed approximately 1.3 million tweets written by 1,399 Twitter users with self-reported diagnoses of ADHD, comparing their posts with those used by a control set matched by age, gender, and period of activity. RESULTS: Users with ADHD are found to be less agreeable, more open, to post more often, and to use more negations, hedging, and swear words...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109691/adaptive-personality-traits-and-psychosocial-correlates-among-living-kidney-donors
#8
Iris Pollmann, Faikah Gueler, Marie Mikuteit, Mariel Nöhre, Nicolas Richter, Karin Weissenborn, Martina de Zwaan
Since living kidney donors have repeatedly been shown to be mentally more healthy compared to the general population, they might also exhibit more adaptive personality characteristics. We investigated the personality traits of 315 living kidney donors (202 female and 113 male donors) on average 7.1 years after donation using the NEO-Five Factor Inventory, a frequently used personality inventory measuring the "big five" dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105125/prevalence-and-correlates-of-tattooing-in-norway-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#9
Dominic Sagoe, Ståle Pallesen, Cecilie Schou Andreassen
To our knowledge, no previous large-scale study has examined the prevalences and correlates of having only easily concealed tattoos, or readily visible tattoos. We conducted an exploratory online survey in Norway asking 15,654 (6,151 females) persons aged 16-91 (m = 33.65 ± 12.27) about various demographic, sports, substance use, mental health, personality, and tattooing questions. The estimated prevalence of tattooing was 20.8% (females: 23.8%, males: 17.9%), of which 13.3% had readily visible tattoos. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that females, being older than 19 years, higher body mass index, lifetime anabolic-androgenic steroid use (AAS), and higher scores on extraversion were associated with higher odds of having a tattoo...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072788/uncovering-the-structure-of-agreeableness-from-self-report-measures
#10
Michael L Crowe, University Of Georgia, Donald R Lynam, Purdue University, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several models of the lower-order structure of Agreeableness, empirically derived descriptions of this domain are largely non-existent. We examined the factor structure of Agreeableness items from multiple scales in order to empirically determine the facet-level structure of the domain. METHOD: Participants (N = 1205; 73% female; 84% White; M age = 35.5, SD = 17.26) completed 131 items from 22 scales measuring Agreeableness. RESULTS: A series of factor analyses were conducted on 104 items to identify factor emergence of the domain, from a single factor to increasingly more specific factors...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069625/clinical-utility-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-borderline-personality-disorder-differential-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-bfi-scid-ii-pq-and-pid-5
#11
J Christopher Fowler, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, Michelle Patriquin, Carla Sharp, John M Oldham, B Christopher Frueh
BACKGROUND: With the publication of DSM 5 alternative model for personality disorders it is critical to assess the components of the model against evidence-based models such as the five factor model and the DSM-IV-TR categorical model. This study explored the relative clinical utility of these models in screening for borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Receiver operator characteristics and diagnostic efficiency statistics were calculated for three personality measures to ascertain the relative diagnostic efficiency of each measure...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051684/a-tripartite-taxonomy-of-character-evidence-for-intrapersonal-interpersonal-and-intellectual-competencies-in-children
#12
Daeun Park, Eli Tsukayama, Geoffrey P Goodwin, Sarah Patrick, Angela L Duckworth
Other than cognitive ability, what competencies should schools promote in children? How are they organized, and to what extent do they predict consequential outcomes? Separate theoretical traditions have suggested interpersonal, intrapersonal, and intellectual dimensions, reflecting how children relate to other people, manage their own goals and impulses, and engage with ideas, respectively. However, very little work has examined character empirically. In the current investigation, we partnered with middle schools that had previously identified character strengths relevant in their communities...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043925/filipino-therapists-experiences-and-attitudes-of-interprofessional-education-and-collaboration-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Michael Palapal Sy
For the past more than 50 years, the World Health Organisation has acknowledged through empirical findings that health workers that learn together work together effectively to provide the best care for their patients. This study aimed to: (1) describe the perceived extent of interprofessional education (IPE) experience among Filipino occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs), and speech-language-pathologists (SLPs); (2) identify their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC); and (3) compare their attitudes towards IPC according to: prior IPE experience, classification of IPE experience, profession, years of practice, and practice setting...
November 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040277/personality-and-achievement-along-medical-training-evidence-from-a-cross-lagged-analysis
#14
Isabel Lourinho, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
INTRODUCTION: Evidence on personality traits change implies it should be studied as an outcome and not only as an explanatory effect. Therefore, we aimed to assess how personality and academic achievement sway each other. Three cohorts of medical students (n = 181) comprised of school leavers and graduates, completed NEO-FFI when admitted (baseline) and later on medical training (follow-up). Previous achievement was measured as mean scores on national school examinations, and academic achievement as medical course average...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039699/personality-traits-motivations-and-emotional-consequences-of-social-media-usage
#15
Jhih-Syuan Lin, Yen-I Lee, Yan Jin, Bob Gilbreath
This study explores social media users' personality traits and motivations for the usage of two different social media platforms, Facebook and Pinterest, as well as how the varied uses impact users' negative emotional experiences. The findings suggest that the intensity of social media usage is positively related to negative emotions. For Facebook users, socialization, entertainment, and information seeking motivations significantly influence their platform use intensity and, subsequently, lead to negative emotions...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035810/traditional-bullying-and-cyberbullying-differences-in-emotional-problems-and-personality-are-cyberbullies-more-machiavellians
#16
Santiago Resett, Manuel Gamez-Guadix
Few studies have examined differences in emotional problems and personality of traditional bullies and cyberbullies. The present study aimed to determine whether those engaged in cyberbullying differ in emotional problems, and personality from those engage in traditional bullying perpetration. An Argentinean sample of 898 high school students was recruited (56% female; mean age = 15.2 SD = 1.6). Adolescents completed measures of traditional bullying, cyberbullying, self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and personality...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035168/employee-health-relevant-personality-traits-are-associated-with-the-psychosocial-work-environment-and-leadership
#17
Karin Villaume, Dan Hasson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about personality in relation to assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership. Therefore the objective of this study is to explore possible associations and differences in mean values between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behaviors. METHODS: 754 survey responses from ten organizations were selected from a large-scale intervention study...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033878/the-actor-partner-similarity-effects-of-personality-and-interactions-with-gender-and-relationship-duration-among-chinese-emerging-adults
#18
Yixin Zhou, Kexin Wang, Shuang Chen, Jianxin Zhang, Mingjie Zhou
Understanding personality effects and their role in influencing relationship quality, varied according to gender and relationship duration, could help us better understand close relationships. Participants were Chinese dating dyads and were asked to complete both the Big Five Inventory and Perceived Relationship Quality Component scales. Males and those who had a long-term relationship perceived better relationship quality; individuals who scored higher on agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and emotional stability enjoyed better relationship quality; gender and/or relationship duration moderated the actor effect of extraversion and the partner effects of conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness on relationship quality...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031320/burnout-and-its-relationship-with-personality-factors-in-oncology-nurses
#19
Emilia I De la Fuente-Solana, José L Gómez-Urquiza, Gustavo R Cañadas, Luis Albendín-García, Elena Ortega-Campos, Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente
PURPOSE: To assess burnout levels in oncology nurses, to evaluate at what stage of burnout suffering they are and to analyze the relationship between burnout with personality factors. METHOD: A quantitative, observational, cross-sectional multicenter study was done. Oncology nurses (n = 101) from the Andalusian Health Service (Andalusia, Spain) were included. The main variables were personality factors, assessed with the NEO-FFI questionnaire, anxiety and depression, assessed with the Educational-Clinical Questionnaire: Anxiety and Depression, and burnout, evaluated with the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#20
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
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