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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732750/personality-predicts-the-vibrancy-of-colour-imagery-the-case-of-synaesthesia
#1
Shyla R Hossain, Julia Simner, Alberta Ipser
In this study we show that personality traits predict the physical qualities of mentally generated colours, using the case of synaesthesia. Developmental grapheme-colour synaesthetes have the automatic lifelong association of colours paired to letters or digits. Although these colours are internal mental constructs, they can be measured along physical dimensions such as saturation and luminance. The personality of synaesthetes can also be quantified using self-report questionnaires relating, for example, to the five major traits of Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience...
July 1, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727690/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-satisfaction-with-healthcare-access-in-new-zealand
#2
Carol Hj Lee, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' satisfaction with their healthcare access and identify various demographic and psychological factors associated with this satisfaction. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included questions on participants' demographic and psychological characteristics, and an item asking for their level of satisfaction with "your access to healthcare when you need it"...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713502/the-effect-of-personality-traits-on-undergraduate-dental-students-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#3
Lana Ahmed Shinawi, Sumer Madani Alaki, Ibrahim Yamany, Mona Hassan Ahmed Hassan
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini interviews (MMI) is a structured student selection method where applicants rotate around a series of stations that do not require previously learned knowledge. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a tool often used to measure personality traits commonly used in applicant selection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of personality traits using the BFI on undergraduate dental students' performance in MMI. METHODS: This research was conducted at The Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708923/preoperative-anxiety-and-its-influence-on-patient-and-surgeon-satisfaction-in-patients-receiving-dental-implant-surgeries-performed-under-intravenous-conscious-sedation
#4
Maite Bovaira, Alberto Herrero Babiloni, María Jovaní, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, Sandra González-Lemonnier, David Peñarrocha-Oltra
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the relationship of age, sex, and type and duration of the surgery with preoperative anxiety in patients undergoing dental implant surgeries under intravenous conscious sedation, and to assess preoperative anxiety association with the postoperative satisfaction of both the patient and surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 180 patients receiving dental implant surgeries under intravenous conscious sedation by means of midazolam, fentanyl, and propofol...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706496/the-mediation-effect-of-coping-style-on-the-relations-between-personality-and-life-satisfaction-in-chinese-adolescents
#5
Le Xu, Ru-De Liu, Yi Ding, Xiaohong Mou, Jia Wang, Ying Liu
Previous findings showed the associations between each of the Big Five personality trait and adolescents' life satisfaction were different. Some traits (extraversion and neuroticism) correlated with adolescents' life satisfaction, while other traits did not have the same associations with adolescents' life satisfaction. In order to explain why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with adolescents' life satisfaction, the present study verified the relations between each of the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction, and demonstrated the mediating effects of coping style on the relations between these personality traits and life satisfaction in a sample of 2,357 Chinese adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703330/struggling-to-be-liked-the-prospective-effect-of-trait-self-control-on-social-desirability-and-the-moderating-role-of-agreeableness
#6
Olga Stavrova, Michail D Kokkoris
Drawing from the literature on the interpersonal functions of self-control, we examined longitudinal associations between trait self-control and social desirability, using a survey of the general population in the Netherlands. Trait self-control at baseline was positively associated with social desirability at a follow-up, even when controlling for prior levels of social desirability. That is, high self-control contributed to individuals' tendency to give socially desirable responses in self-reports. This effect was moderated by individual differences in agreeableness...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690607/modulation-of-inter-kingdom-communication-by-phcbsr-quorum-sensing-system-in-ralstonia-solanacearum-phylotype-i-strain-gmi1000
#7
Peng Li, Wenfang Yin, Jinli Yan, Yufan Chen, Shuna Fu, Shihao Song, Jianuan Zhou, Mingfa Lyu, Yinyue Deng, Lian-Hui Zhang
Ralstonia solanacearum is a ubiquitous soil-borne plant pathogenic bacterium, which frequently encounters and interacts with other soil cohabitants in competition for environmental niches. Ralsolamycin, which is encoded by the rmy genes, has been characterized as a novel inter-kingdom interaction signal that induces chlamydospore development in fungi. In this study, we provide the first genetic evidence that the rmy gene expression is controlled by the PhcBSR quorum sensing (QS) system in strain GMI1000. Mutation of phcB could lead to significant reduction of the expression levels of the genes involved in ralsolamycin biosynthesis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690574/an-experimental-study-on-the-attribution-of-personality-traits-to-bullies-and-targets-in-a-workplace-setting
#8
Ståle Pallesen, Morten B Nielsen, Nils Magerøy, Cecilie S Andreassen, Ståle Einarsen
Previous studies on the personality of bullies and targets have exclusively been based on self-report. Against this backdrop we conducted a between group experimental vignette study with three conditions, describing a bully, a target and a control, respectively. Students (n = 242) were recruited as participants and rated the target on the observer rating version of the NEO Five Factor Inventory-Revised reflecting the personality dimensions Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness to experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688967/personality-factors-associated-with-resident-performance-results-from-12-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-accredited-orthopaedic-surgery-programs
#9
Donna Phillips, Kenneth A Egol, Martine C Maculatis, Kathryn S Roloff, Alan M Friedman, Brett Levine, Steven Garfin, Alexandra Schwartz, Robert Sterling, Thomas Kuivila, Steve J Paragioudakis, Joseph D Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: To understand the personality factors associated with orthopedic surgery resident performance. DESIGN: A prospective, cross-sectional survey of orthopedic surgery faculty that assessed their perceptions of the personality traits most highly associated with resident performance. Residents also completed a survey to determine their specific personality characteristics. A subset of faculty members rated the performance of those residents within their respective program on 5 dimensions...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684309/personality-traits-and-dental-anxiety-in-self-reported-bruxism-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
J Montero, C Gómez-Polo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psychological factors (Personality and Dental anxiety) with self-reported bruxism-related symptoms. METHODS: 526 subjects, over 18 years old and not seeking dental treatment, were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca. Bruxism activity was estimated by means of a six-item questionnaire aimed at recording common bruxism-related symptoms and clenching/grinding awareness...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667540/trait-compassion-is-associated-with-the-neural-substrate-of-empathy
#11
Xin Hou, Timothy A Allen, Dongtao Wei, Hui Huang, Kangcheng Wang, Colin G DeYoung, Jiang Qiu
Individual differences in the personality trait Agreeableness underlie humans' ability to interpret social cues and coordinate effectively with others. However, previous investigations of the neural basis of Agreeableness have yielded largely inconsistent results. Recent evidence has demonstrated that Agreeableness can be divided into two, correlated subdimensions. Compassion reflects tendencies toward empathy, sympathy, and concern for others, while Politeness reflects tendencies toward compliance and refraining from aggression and exploitation...
June 30, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661725/-i-wanna-be-the-very-best-agreeableness-and-perseverance-predict-sustained-playing-to-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Fanny Lalot, Oulmann Zerhouni, Mathieu Pinelli
OBJECTIVE: The smartphone game Pokémon Go™ has attracted much scientific attention regarding its potential health-related outcomes. Most studies, however, limited their investigation to short-term outcomes. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of personality traits in predicting sustained playing to the game on a 6-month period as well as related health outcomes in terms of distance walked per day. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pokémon Go players from 10 countries were recruited through social media and answered an online questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658873/detection-and-differentiation-of-focal-intracranial-calcifications-and-chronic-microbleeds-using-mri
#13
Rajiv Azad, Priyanka Mittal, Ankur Malhotra, Sharad Gangrade
INTRODUCTION: Differentiating calcification from chronic micro-bleeds on imaging may have important clinical implications. AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the role and relative advantages of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in the detection and differentiation of intracranial calcifications and chronic microbleeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study comprised of 100 patients having either intracranial calcifications or microhaemorrhages selected on the basis of Computerized Tomography (CT) and MRI using predefined criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657783/big-five-personality-traits-of-cybercrime-victims
#14
Steve G A van de Weijer, E Rutger Leukfeldt
The prevalence of cybercrime has increased rapidly over the last decades and has become part of the everyday life of citizens. It is, therefore, of great importance to gain more knowledge on the factors related to an increased or decreased likelihood of becoming a cybercrime victim. The current study adds to the existing body of knowledge using a large representative sample of Dutch individuals (N = 3,648) to study the relationship between cybercrime victimization and the key traits from the Big Five model of personality (i...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649150/personality-and-frailty-evidence-from-four-samples
#15
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Brice Canada, Antonio Terracciano
Frailty is a prevalent geriatric syndrome. Little is known about the psychological factors associated with this syndrome. Based on four large samples of older adults aged from 65 to 104 years old, the present study examined whether personality traits are related to frailty. High neuroticism, low conscientiousness, low extraversion, low openness and low agreeableness were related to higher frailty across samples. Longitudinal analysis conducted in one sample revealed that high neuroticism was associated with worsening frailty over an 8-year period...
February 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646503/personality-change-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-a-cross-cultural-longitudinal-study
#16
William J Chopik, Shinobu Kitayama
OBJECTIVE: Personality traits are characterized by both stability and change across the lifespan. Many of the mechanisms hypothesized to cause personality change (e.g., the timing of various social roles, physical health, and cultural values) differ considerably across culture. Moreover, personality consistency is valued highly in Western societies, but less so in non-Western societies. Few studies have examined how personality changes differently across cultures. METHOD: We employed a multi-level modeling approach to examine age-related changes in Big Five personality traits in two large panel studies of Americans (n = 6,259; Mage = 46...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631975/assessing-the-unidimensionality-of-trait-reactance-using-a-multifaceted-model-assessment-approach
#17
Allison Brown Yost, Sara J Finney
This study employed a multifaceted model assessment approach to investigate the dimensionality and nomological network of a popular measure of trait reactance, the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale (HPRS; Hong & Page, 1989 ). To address confusion regarding the scoring and modeling of the HPRS as well as its limited external validity evidence, we tested competing factor models, diagnosed model-data misfit, examined relationships between competing factor models and key personality traits, and cross-validated the results...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628620/prevalence-and-determinants-of-online-sex-use-in-the-german-population
#18
Manfred E Beutel, Sebastian Giralt, Klaus Wölfling, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler
INTRODUCTION: The unlimited access to sexual features in the World Wide Web has raised concerns about excessive and problematic online-sex use. However, little is known about antecedents of internet-sex use of different intensity. Based on a representative German sample of 2,522 participants between the ages of 14 and 97 years, the aims of the present study were (1) to determine the prevalence rates of online-sex users with the short version (ISSTGSV) of the Internet Sex Screening Test and (2) to associate online-sex use with anxious vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620722/testing-the-amotivational-syndrome-marijuana-use-longitudinally-predicts-lower-self-efficacy-even-after-controlling-for-demographics-personality-and-alcohol-and-cigarette-use
#19
Andrew Lac, Jeremy W Luk
The marijuana amotivational syndrome posits that cannabis use fosters apathy through the depletion of motivation-based constructs such as self-efficacy. The current study pursued a two-round design to rule out concomitant risk factors responsible for the connection from marijuana intake to lower general self-efficacy. College students (N = 505) completed measures of marijuana use, demographics (age, gender, and race), personality (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and neuroticism), other substance use (alcohol and tobacco), and general self-efficacy (initiative, effort, and persistence) in two assessments separated by a month...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#20
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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