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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920737/facets-of-the-fundamental-content-dimensions-agency-with-competence-and-assertiveness-communion-with-warmth-and-morality
#1
Andrea E Abele, Nicole Hauke, Kim Peters, Eva Louvet, Aleksandra Szymkow, Yanping Duan
Agency (A) and communion (C) are fundamental content dimensions. We propose a facet-model that differentiates A into assertiveness (AA) and competence (AC) and C into warmth (CW) and morality (CM). We tested the model in a cross-cultural study by comparing data from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA (overall N = 1.808). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported our model. Both the two-factor model and the four-factor model showed good fit indices across countries. Participants answered additional measures intended to demonstrate the fruitfulness of distinguishing the facets...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882207/living-with-addicted-men-and-codependency-the-moderating-effect-of-personality-traits
#2
Leili Panaghi, Zohreh Ahmadabadi, Najmeh Khosravi, Mansoureh Sadat Sadeghi, Ali Madanipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the moderating effect of personality traits on the relationship between living with an addicted man and codependency. METHODS: We selected 140 women (70 wives of addicted men and 70 wives of non-addicted men) through convenience sampling method and asked them to complete Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale and NEO-Five Factor Inventory. FINDINGS: Codependency score was significantly higher among addicted men's wives...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881901/applicant-personality-and-procedural-justice-perceptions-of-group-selection-interviews
#3
Hege H Bye, Gro M Sandal
PURPOSE: We investigated how job applicants' personalities influence perceptions of the structural and social procedural justice of group selection interviews (i.e., a group of several applicants being evaluated simultaneously). We especially addressed trait interactions between neuroticism and extraversion (the affective plane) and extraversion and agreeableness (the interpersonal plane). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data on personality (pre-interview) and justice perceptions (post-interview) were collected in a field study among job applicants (N = 97) attending group selection interviews for positions as teachers in a Norwegian high school...
2016: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877143/personality-development-during-teacher-preparation
#4
Roisin P Corcoran, Joanne O'Flaherty
Objective: The purpose of this 3-year longitudinal study was to examine pre-service teachers' personality trajectories as measured by the IPIP Big-Five factor markers during teacher preparation. The relationship between students' personality traits, social desirability, and prior academic attainment was also examined. Method: This 3-year longitudinal study invited participants from the first year of a 4-year undergraduate (UG) pre-service teacher education program, the class of 2017. The sample consisted of 305 students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876134/geniuses-of-medical-science-friendly-open-and-responsible-not-mad
#5
Maitane Oscoz-Irurozqui, Felipe Ortuño
Recent studies based on biography analysis provide support for the notion that the prevalence of mental illness in the creative geniuses of art, literature and science is higher than it is in more ordinary folk. However, this relationship between madness and genius, which was also addressed by the classical philosophers, has been generalized to all branches of professional endeavour. Whilst it may hold true for illustrious personalities of the fine arts, we found that the relationship proves inappropriate to the biographies of ten individuals renowned in history for their innovative contributions to medical science...
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865845/temporal-spatial-and-metabolic-measures-of-walking-in-highly-functional-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations
#6
Hannah L Jarvis, Alex N Bennett, Martin Twiste, Rhodri D Phillip, John Etherington, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this descriptive exploratory study is to record the temporal spatial parameters and metabolic energy expenditure during walking of individuals with amputation, walking with advanced prostheses and following completion of comprehensive rehabilitation, to able-bodied controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Multi-disciplinary comprehensive rehabilitation centre PARTICIPANTS: Thirty severely injured United Kingdom military personnel with amputation and subsequent completion of their rehabilitation programme (10 unilateral trans-tibial, 10 unilateral trans-femoral, and 10 bilateral trans-femoral) were compared to (and of similar age, height and mass (p >0...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859182/trait-anger-physical-aggression-and-violent-offending-in-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#7
Nathan J Kolla, Jeffrey H Meyer, R Michael Bagby, Amanda Brijmohan
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are common conditions in forensic settings that present high rates of violence. Personality traits related to the five-factor model personality domains of neuroticism and agreeableness have shown a relationship with physical aggression in nonclinical and general psychiatric samples. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the association of these personality traits with violence and aggression in ASPD and BPD. Results revealed that trait anger/hostility predicted self-reported physical aggression in 47 ASPD and BPD subjects (β = 0...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857500/inter-observer-variability-and-its-correlation-to-experience-in-measurement-of-lower-limb-mechanical-axis-on-long-leg-radiographs
#8
Raju Vaishya, Vipul Vijay, Vikas P Birla, Amit Kumar Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Restoration of mechanical axis (MA) is one of the most important aims of treatment of knee arthritis. The measurement of MA is often done on hip knee ankle (HKA) radiographs (LLR), but its measurement is often difficult and variable. We studied to check if inter-observer variability in the measurement of MA is dependent on the experience of the observer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 48 patients (70 knees) underwent measurement of MA on HKA radiographs. The measurement was done by five observers of different experience...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846100/the-relationships-among-personality-intercultural-communication-and-cultural-self-efficacy-in-nursing-students
#9
Joanne Chung-Yan Chan, Po Yi Sy
BACKGROUND: The demand for nurses to provide transcultural nursing care is rising. However, little is known about the relationships among the dimensions of nurse personality, intercultural communication, and cultural self-efficacy in the provision of this care. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the associations among personality, intercultural communication, and cultural self-efficacy in nursing students and to compare intercultural communication and cultural self-efficacy between first-year and third-year nursing students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837153/personality-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-young-adulthood-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
This research used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 15,359; age range 25-34) to examine the cross-sectional relation between personality and four components of metabolic syndrome (elevated glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol, and waist circumference) and a metabolic risk index in young adulthood. Consistent with research on older adults, higher Neuroticism and lower Conscientiousness were associated with greater risk of metabolic dysfunction; Agreeableness, however, was unrelated to it...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833573/the-influence-of-facial-signals-on-the-automatic-imitation-of-hand-actions
#11
Emily E Butler, Robert Ward, Richard Ramsey
Imitation and facial signals are fundamental social cues that guide interactions with others, but little is known regarding the relationship between these behaviors. It is clear that during expression detection, we imitate observed expressions by engaging similar facial muscles. It is proposed that a cognitive system, which matches observed and performed actions, controls imitation and contributes to emotion understanding. However, there is little known regarding the consequences of recognizing affective states for other forms of imitation, which are not inherently tied to the observed emotion...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831700/normative-personality-trait-development-in-adulthood-a-6-year-cohort-sequential-growth-model
#12
Petar Milojev, Chris G Sibley
The present study investigated patterns of normative change in personality traits across the adult life span (19 through 74 years of age). We examined change in extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience and honesty-humility using data from the first 6 annual waves of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (N = 10,416; 61.1% female, average age = 49.46). We present a cohort-sequential latent growth model assessing patterns of mean-level change due to both aging and cohort effects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829765/comparative-study-on-the-tensile-bond-strength-and-marginal-fit-of-complete-veneer-cast-metal-crowns-using-various-luting-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#13
B Devi Parameswari, M Rajakumar, G Lambodaran, Shyam Sundar
INTRODUCTION: Several commercially available luting agents are used to cement the dental restorations such as intra-coronal, extra-coronal, and fixed partial dentures. Tensile bond strength (TBS) and accurate marginal fit are the essential factors to determine the good clinical results in fixed prosthesis. The retentivity of the luting cements is assessed by their adhesive capacity over the tooth surface and metal surface. Generally, the adhesive ability has been evaluated with in vitro testing, with tensile bond tests...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820159/using-a-graphical-risk-tool-to-examine-willingness-to-take-migraine-prophylactic-medications
#14
Dana P Turner, Adrienne N Golding, Timothy T Houle
Many migraine sufferers use daily prophylactic therapy to reduce the frequency of their headache attacks. The Food and Drug Administration has approved several different medications for migraine prophylaxis, but it is not clear whether sufferers perceive these treatments to provide clinically significant benefits given their side effect profiles. Three hundred headache sufferers were recruited from the community and local headache clinics using print and television advertising. Participants reported experiencing problematic headache attacks with a median (IQR) frequency of 7...
October 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819466/the-structure-of-psychopathology-in-adolescence-and-its-common-personality-and-cognitive-correlates
#15
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Frederic N Brière, Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Juergen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Jean-Luc Martinot, Frauke Nees, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Marcella Rietschel, Michael N Smolka, Trevor W Robbins, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Patricia Conrod
The traditional view that mental disorders are distinct, categorical disorders has been challenged by evidence that disorders are highly comorbid and exist on a continuum (e.g., Caspi et al., 2014; Tackett et al., 2013). The first objective of this study was to use structural equation modeling to model the structure of psychopathology in an adolescent community-based sample (N = 2,144) including conduct disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, substance use, anxiety, depression, phobias, and other emotional symptoms, assessed at 16 years...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814456/the-role-of-parental-psychopathology-and-personality-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#16
Molly A Gromatsky, Monika A Waszczuk, Greg Perlman, Katie Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), a significant risk factor for suicidal behavior, is strongly associated with adolescent psychopathology and personality traits, particularly those characterized by poor self-regulation. Some parental psychopathology and personality traits have also been identified as risk factors for adolescent NSSI, but specific parental characteristics and mechanisms involved in this association have not been systematically examined. The current study comprehensively investigated the contribution of parental psychopathology and personality to adolescent NSSI using data from the baseline wave of the Adolescent Development of Emotion and Personality Traits (ADEPT) study of 550 adolescent girls (mean age = 14...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807782/a-prospective-study-of-the-relationship-between-patient-character-and-blood-pressure-in-dental-implant-surgery
#17
Masahiro Wada, Syunta Miwa, Tomoaki Mameno, Tohru Suganami, Kazunori Ikebe, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: Patients often suffer from physical and mental stress in dental implant surgery. The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the relationship between patient character and blood pressure in dental implant surgery. METHODS: Fifteen patients were recruited for the present study. All patients had never received implant treatment in the past. To evaluate the patients' personality trait, NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used. All patients answered 50 questions at the first visit and divided in five dimensions: neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805427/the-influence-of-maternal-personality-and-risk-factors-for-impaired-mother-infant-bonding-on-breastfeeding-duration
#18
Neike Keller, Vesna Medved, Giovana Armano
INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world, in delivery departments having the accreditation "Baby-Friendly Hospital," breastfeeding is encouraged upon delivery. Numerous studies have been carried out to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and socioeconomic, psychosocial, and perinatal factors. AIM: To explore the influence of maternal personality and mother-infant bonding impairment on breastfeeding duration according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations...
November 2, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804047/chimpanzee-personality-and-the-arginine-vasopressin-receptor-1a-genotype
#19
V A D Wilson, A Weiss, T Humle, N Morimura, T Udono, G Idani, T Matsuzawa, S Hirata, M Inoue-Murayama
Polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (AVPR1a) gene have been linked to various measures related to human social behavior, including sibling conflict and agreeableness. In chimpanzees, AVPR1a polymorphisms have been associated with traits important for social interactions, including sociability, joint attention, dominance, conscientiousness, and hierarchical personality dimensions named low alpha/stability, disinhibition, and negative emotionality/low dominance. We examined associations between AVPR1a and six personality domains and hierarchical personality dimensions in 129 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) living in Japan or in a sanctuary in Guinea...
November 2, 2016: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802868/biosynthesis-of-hydroxylated-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-and-the-correlation-with-photosynthetic-pigments-in-the-red-alga-ceramium-tenuicorne
#20
Dennis Lindqvist, Elin Dahlgren, Lillemor Asplund
Hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) have been identified in a variety of marine organisms from different trophic levels indicating a large spread in the environment. There is much evidence pointing towards natural production as the major source of these compounds in nature. However, much is still not known about the natural production of these compounds. Seasonal trend studies have shown large fluctuations in the levels of OH-PBDEs in Ceramium tenuicorne from the Baltic Sea. Yet, even though indications of stimuli that can induce the production of these compounds have been observed, none, neither internal nor external, has been assigned to be responsible for the recorded fluctuations...
October 29, 2016: Phytochemistry
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