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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343116/health-and-weight-gender-specific-linkages-under-heterogeneity-interdependence-and-resilience-factors
#1
Olaf Hübler
Many studies have shown that obesity is a serious health problem for our society. Empirical analyses often neglect a number of methodological issues and relevant influences on health. This paper investigates empirically whether neglecting these items leads to systematically different estimates. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study derives the following results. (1) Many combinations of weight and height lead to the same health status. (2) The relationship between health and body mass index is nonlinear...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337534/intermediate-osteotomies-in-rhinoplasty-a-new-perspective
#2
Diogo Pereira Nunes, Catarina Tinoco, Diogo Oliveira E Carmo, João Paço
The nasal dorsum framework plays a major role in nasal and facial harmony. This study presents a new approach to an already known technique, intermediate osteotomies, which can be used routinely in patients with cosmetically unpleasant changes in eyebrow-tip line features, allowing the acquisition of a natural, aesthetically agreeable and harmonious dorsum contour, while preserving nasal function. The approach was evaluated retrospectively in 50 consecutive patients at a tertiary referral hospital. Patients were asked to complete a survey to rate their satisfaction with the cosmetic outcome on a 5-point visual analog scale (VAS) and to compare the impact of nasal obstruction on their quality of life, pre- and postoperatively, by completing the validated Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale...
March 23, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335615/personality-and-sexuality-in-older-adults
#3
Mark S Allen, Annelil E Desille
OBJECTIVE: This study explored cross-time associations between personality and multiple components of sexual functioning and behaviour in a large cohort of older adults (n = 5745). DESIGN: Participants (Mage = 65.57 ± 8.28 years) completed questionnaires in 2010 and 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes explored included sexual attitudes, sexual activity, sexual satisfaction, lifetime sexual partners, sexual orientation and sexual dysfunction...
March 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326547/behavioural-responses-to-facial-and-postural-expressions-of-emotion-an-interpersonal-circumplex-approach
#4
Marije Aan Het Rot, Violeta Enea, Ion Dafinoiu, Sorina Iancu, Steluţa A Taftă, Mariana Bărbuşelu
While the recognition of emotional expressions has been extensively studied, the behavioural response to these expressions has not. In the interpersonal circumplex, behaviour is defined in terms of communion and agency. In this study, we examined behavioural responses to both facial and postural expressions of emotion. We presented 101 Romanian students with facial and postural stimuli involving individuals ('targets') expressing happiness, sadness, anger, or fear. Using an interpersonal grid, participants simultaneously indicated how communal (i...
March 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319209/association-between-sociodemographic-factors-personality-and-oral-habits-tooth-brushing-and-smoking-in-spanish-adults
#5
Cristina Gómez Polo, Javier Montero
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to describe personality traits of a sample of Spanish adults, identify the main sociodemographic factors related to personality, and assess the influence of these traits on healthy dental habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used with 235 subjects, all of Spanish nationality and aged between 18 and 80 years, with a minimum educational level (ie, they had completed only the minimum obligatory schooling), ensuring that none of the subjects had any psychologic disturbance...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301194/risk-sophistication-treatment-inventory-self-report-rsti-sr-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-exploration-of-factor-relations
#6
Xinying Ang, Randall T Salekin, Martin Sellbom, C Adam Coffey
The RSTI-SR was recently designed to facilitate juvenile evaluations by tapping 3 pertinent juvenile psycho-legal variables including risk, developmental maturity, and treatment amenability. The present study examined the factor structure and construct validity of the RSTI-SR with 190 adolescent offenders (Mage = 15.6) who completed the RSTI-SR and a short battery of theoretically relevant psychological measures. The findings from the current study demonstrated that the proposed 3-factor model for the RSTI produced good fit to the data...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298156/a-new-admission-method-may-select-applicants-with-a-distinct-personality-profile
#7
Aya G Talmor, Amir Falk, Yaniv Almog
BACKGROUND: There is little data to suggest that a specific admission method can select students with a distinct personality profile. We have recently introduced a new admission process that combines a computerized personality test, with a single interview. The purpose of the current study was to find whether the new method selects applicants with a different personality profile and attitudes compared with the previous method. METHOD: Using a validated personality questionnaire (HEXACO) and attitudes questionnair, that were filled anonymously between November 2014 and May 2015, the authors compared two groups of students: group A comprising students accepted with the new method (first and second year) with group B comprising students accepted with the previous method (third to sixth year)...
March 15, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293139/a-vortex-model-for-forces-and-moments-on-low-aspect-ratio-wings-in-side-slip-with-experimental-validation
#8
Adam C DeVoria, Kamran Mohseni
This paper studies low-aspect-ratio ([Formula: see text]) rectangular wings at high incidence and in side-slip. The main objective is to incorporate the effects of high angle of attack and side-slip into a simplified vortex model for the forces and moments. Experiments are also performed and are used to validate assumptions made in the model. The model asymptotes to the potential flow result of classical aerodynamics for an infinite aspect ratio. The [Formula: see text] → 0 limit of a rectangular wing is considered with slender body theory, where the side-edge vortices merge into a vortex doublet...
February 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291977/five-factor-model-personality-profiles-the-differences-between-alcohol-and-opiate-addiction-among-females
#9
Diana Raketic, Jasmina V Barisic, Snezana M Svetozarevic, Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Srdjan D Milovanovic
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of female alcohol and substance abusers has markedly increased. The main objective of this research was to explore personality profiles among females who had alcohol and opiate dependence. AIM: The aim of the study is to analyse if there is differences in personality profiles of females addicted to alcohol and opiates. We hypothesized that there might be significant differences in personality profiles among subgroups of women who present with alcohol and opiate use disorders...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287784/sensory-functioning-and-personality-development-among-older-adults
#10
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Grégoire Bosselut, Antonio Terracciano
Deficits in sensory functioning, such as poor vision and hearing, take a significant toll on quality of life. Little is known, however, about their relation with personality development across adulthood. This study examined whether baseline and change in vision and hearing were associated with personality change over a 4-year period. Participants (N = 7,471; Mage = 66.89; 59% women) were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study. They provided data on vision, hearing, and personality both at baseline and 4 years later...
March 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287783/personality-and-actigraphy-measured-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#11
Ashley Artese, Desirae Ehley, Angelina R Sutin, Antonio Terracciano
Most studies on personality and physical activity have relied on self-report measures. This study examined the relation between Five Factor Model personality traits and objective physical activity in older adults. Sixty-nine participants (Mage = 80.2 years; SD = 7.1) wore the ActiGraph monitor for 7 days and completed the NEO Personality Inventory-3 First Half. Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness were associated with more moderate physical activity and more steps per day whereas Neuroticism was inversely related to these physical activity measures (βs > ...
March 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283341/neoclassical-canons-of-facial-beauty-do-we-see-the-deviations
#12
Andrej Pavlic, Magda Trinajstic Zrinski, Visnja Katic, Stjepan Spalj
AIM: To explore the presence of neoclassical canons of facial beauty among young people in Croatia and to question possible psychosocial repercussions occurring in those who demonstrate deviations in relation to canons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and the sample included 249 subjects (60% female) aged 12-39 (median 20). Their en face and profile photographs were taken in Natural Head Position. Photogrammetry included analysis of nine neoclassical canons of facial beauty originating from the Renaissance...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280478/an-examination-of-personality-traits-associated-with-autonomous-sensory-meridian-response-asmr
#13
Beverley Fredborg, Jim Clark, Stephen D Smith
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a perceptual condition in which the presentation of particular audio-visual stimuli triggers intense, pleasurable tingling sensations in the head and neck regions, which may spread to the periphery of the body. These triggering stimuli are often socially intimate in nature, and usually involve repetition of movements and/or sounds (e.g., hearing whispering, watching someone brush her hair). Reports of ASMR experiences first appeared in online communities in 2010; since this time, these communities have expanded, with some groups consisting of over 100,000 members...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277722/leader-team-complementarity-exploring-the-interactive-effects-of-leader-personality-traits-and-team-power-distance-values-on-team-processes-and-performance
#14
Jia Hu, Timothy A Judge
Integrating the leader trait perspective with dominance complementarity theory, we propose team power distance as an important boundary condition for the indirect impact of leader extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness on team performance through a team's potency beliefs and through relational identification with the leader. Using time-lagged, 3-source data from 71 teams, we found that leader extraversion had a positive indirect impact on team in-role and extrarole performance through relational identification, but only for high power distance teams; leader conscientiousness had a positive influence on team in-role performance through team potency, but only for high power distance teams; and leader agreeableness had a positive effect on team in-role and extrarole performance via relational identification and on team in-role performance via team potency, but only for low power distance teams...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277721/clarifying-the-link-between-job-satisfaction-and-absenteeism-the-role-of-guilt-proneness
#15
Rebecca L Schaumberg, Francis J Flynn
We propose that the relationship between job satisfaction and absenteeism depends partly on guilt proneness. Drawing on withdrawal and process models of absenteeism, we argue that job satisfaction predicts absences for employees who are low (but not high) in guilt proneness because low guilt-prone people's behaviors are governed more by fulfilling their own egoistic desires than by fulfilling others' normative expectations. We find support for this prediction in a sample of customer service agents working for a major telecommunications company and a sample of working adults employed in a range of industries...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277701/does-personality-predict-health-and-well-being-a-metasynthesis
#16
Jason E Strickhouser, Ethan Zell, Zlatan Krizan
OBJECTIVE: To derive a robust and comprehensive estimate of the overall relation between Big Five personality traits and health variables using metasynthesis (i.e., second-order meta-analysis). METHOD: Thirty-six meta-analyses, which collectively provided 150 meta-analytic effects from over 500,000 participants, met criteria for inclusion in the metasynthesis. Information on methodological quality as well as the type of health outcome, unreliability adjustment, population sampled, health outcome source, personality source, and research design was extracted from each meta-analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274213/how-do-medical-students-engaging-in-elective-courses-on-acupuncture-and-homeopathy-differ-from-unselected-students-a-survey
#17
Alexandra Jocham, Levente Kriston, Pascal O Berberat, Antonius Schneider, Klaus Linde
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether students at German medical schools participating in elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy differ from an unselected group of students regarding attitudes and personality traits. METHODS: Elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy in the academic half-year 2013/14 all over Germany were identified and participants invited to fill in a questionnaire including nineteen questions on attitudes towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), orientation towards science, care and status orientation, and a short validated instrument (Big-Five-Inventory-10) to measure personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness)...
March 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263342/surveys-of-stroke-patients-and-their-next-of-kin-on-their-opinions-towards-decision-making-and-consent-for-stroke-thrombolysis
#18
Nithia Angamuthu, Kian Kheng Queck, Sumytra Menon, Shu Swen Ho, Elaine Ang, Deidre Anne De Silva
INTRODUCTION: Early initiation of stroke thrombolysis is associated with improved outcomes. Procurement of consent is a key factor in prolonging the door-to-needle duration. This study aimed to determine the attitudes and preferences of stroke patients and their next of kin (NOK) towards decision-making for stroke thrombolysis in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed acute ischaemic stroke patients (n = 171) who presented beyond the 4.5-hour therapeutic window and their NOK (n = 140) using a questionnaire with scenarios on obtaining consent for intravenous thrombolysis...
February 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263278/international-nursing-research-on-the-correlation-between-empathy-and-china-s-big-five-personality-theory-implications-for-nursing-leaders
#19
Cong Wang, Qin Wu, Mei Feng, Qunfang Wan, Xiaoling Wu
To investigate the characteristics of nurses' empathy and explore the correlation between nurses' empathy and personality, a cross-sectional study with 250 nurses from a general hospital in China was conducted using the Chinese Big Five Personality Inventory (CBF-PI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professionals (JSE-HP). The total score of the JSE-HP was 110.60 (SD = 11.71). Employment forms and child-rearing situations were the significant predictors of the JSE-HP score. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the JSE-HP score was positively correlated with conscientiousness and agreeableness and the contribution of CBF-PI to JSE-HP scale variances was 15...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259799/gray-and-white-matter-correlates-of-the-big-five-personality-traits
#20
Jesús Privado, Francisco J Román, Carlota Saénz-Urturi, Miguel Burgaleta, Roberto Colom
Personality neuroscience defines the scientific study of the neurobiological basis of personality. This field assumes that individual differences in personality traits are related with structural and functional variations of the human brain. Gray and white matters are structural properties considered separately in previous research. Available findings in this regard are largely disparate. Here we analyze the relationships between gray matter (cortical thickness (CT), cortical surface area (CSA), and cortical volume) and integrity scores obtained after several white matter tracts connecting different brain regions, with individual differences in the personality traits comprised by the Five-Factor Model (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience)...
March 1, 2017: Neuroscience
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