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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526256/perceived-sleep-quality-the-interplay-of-neuroticism-affect-and-hyperarousal
#1
Nicola Cellini, Katherine A Duggan, Michela Sarlo
INTRODUCTION: Many adults experience poor sleep quality, and personality traits have emerged as important predictors of self-reported sleep. However, it is still unclear whether personality predicts sleep quality independent of other correlates, including mood, emotion regulation, and hyperarousal. AIMS AND METHOD: The aim of this study was twofold. First, using an online survey, we assessed the relationship between perceived sleep quality (defined here as the total score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and personality in 498 Italians (M age=26...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509384/individual-differences-in-personality-change-across-the-adult-lifespan
#2
Ted Schwaba, Wiebke Bleidorn
OBJECTIVE: A precise and comprehensive description of personality continuity and change across the lifespan is the bedrock upon which theories of personality development are built. Little research has quantified the degree to which individuals deviate from mean-level developmental trends. In this study, we addressed this gap by examining individual differences in personality trait change across the life span. METHOD: Data came from a nationally representative sample of 9,636 Dutch participants who provided Big Five self-reports at five assessment waves across 7 years...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509383/arab-levantine-personality-structure-a-psycholexical-study-of-modern-standard-arabic-in-lebanon-syria-jordan-and-the-west-bank
#3
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
OBJECTIVE: The debate of whether personality traits are universal or culture-specific has been informed by psycholexical (or lexical) studies conducted in tens of languages and cultures. We contribute to this debate through a series of studies in which we investigated personality descriptors in Modern Standard Arabic, the variety of Arabic that is presumably common to about 26 countries and native to more than 200 million people. METHOD: We identified an appropriate source of personality descriptors, extracted them, and systematically reduced them to 167 personality traits that are common, are not redundant with each other, and are familiar and commonly understood in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500042/carboxyl-analogue-of-mutacin-1140-a-scaffold-for-lead-antibacterial-discovery
#4
Jerome Escano, Akshaya Ravichandran, Bita Salamat, Leif Smith
Mutacin 1140 belongs to the epidermin group of lantibiotics. Epidermin class lantibiotics are ribosomally synthesized and post translationally modified antibiotics with potent activity against Gram-positive bacteria. In particular, this class is effective at targeting drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, MRSA,Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Clostridium difficile A C-terminal S-[(Z)-2-aminovinyl]-D-cysteine (AviCys) residue is derived from a decarboxylation of a terminal cysteine that is involved in one of the lanthionine ring formation...
May 12, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495558/acute-psychosocial-stress-and-everyday-moral-decision-making-in-young-healthy-men-the-impact-of-cortisol
#5
Nina Singer, Monika Sommer, Katrin Döhnel, Sandra Zänkert, Stefan Wüst, Brigitte M Kudielka
In everyday life, moral decisions must frequently be made under acute stress. Although there is increasing evidence that both stress and cortisol affect moral judgment and behavior as well as decision-making in various domains unrelated to morality, surprisingly few attempts have been made to explore the effects of stress on everyday moral decision-making. Therefore, in the present study, we exposed 50 young healthy men to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) or its non-stressful placebo version (PTSST). We investigated the impact of acute stress exposure and stress-related cortisol levels on decision-making, decision certainty, and emotions in 28 everyday moral conflict situations with altruistic versus egoistic response alternatives...
May 7, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488358/comparison-of-personality-traits-and-successful-aging-in-older-taiwanese
#6
Chia-Yi Chiao, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao
AIM: The present study aimed to compare the difference of personality traits and successful aging among older Taiwanese adults. The proportions of successful agers who meet the criteria for successful aging was also be proposed. METHODS: A comparative descriptive study design was applied. To measure the definition of successful aging, three concepts proposed by Rowe and Kahn with five indicators were included. Demographic data were compared by the χ(2) -test and Fisher's exact test across the subgroups defined by social economic status, marital status, and health habits...
May 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488040/the-role-of-serotonin-in-personality-inference-tryptophan-depletion-impairs-the-identification-of-neuroticism-in-the-face
#7
Robert Ward, Shubha Sreenivas, Judi Read, Kate E A Saunders, Robert D Rogers
Serotonergic mechanisms mediate the expression of personality traits (such as impulsivity, aggression and anxiety) that are linked to vulnerability to psychological illnesses, and modulate the identification of emotional expressions in the face as well as learning about broader classes of appetitive and aversive signals. Faces with neutral expressions signal a variety of socially relevant information, such that inferences about the big five personality traits, including Neuroticism, Extraversion and Agreeableness, can be accurately made on the basis of emotionally neutral facial photographs...
May 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476104/a-cross-sectional-study-about-associations-between-personality-characteristics-and-mental-health-service-utilization-in-a-korean-national-community-sample-of-adults-with-psychiatric-disorders
#8
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Su Jeong Seong, Sung Man Chang, Jun Young Lee, Bong Jin Hahm, Jin Pyo Hong
BACKGROUND: Personality traits are not only associated with psychiatric symptoms, but also with treatment seeking behavior. Our purpose was to examine the relationship between mental health service utilization and personality characteristics in a nationwide community sample of Korean adults. METHOD: Of the 6022 subjects aged 18-74 years who participated in the Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, 1544 (25.6%) with a lifetime diagnosis of any DSM-IV psychiatric disorder were analyzed...
May 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448608/more-intelligent-extraverts-are-more-likely-to-deceive
#9
Justyna Sarzyńska, Marcel Falkiewicz, Monika Riegel, Justyna Babula, Daniel S Margulies, Edward Nęcka, Anna Grabowska, Iwona Szatkowska
The tendency to lie is a part of personality. But are personality traits the only factors that make some people lie more often than others? We propose that cognitive abilities have equal importance. People with higher cognitive abilities are better, and thus more effective liars. This might reinforce using lies to solve problems. Yet, there is no empirical research that shows this relationship in healthy adults. Here we present three studies in which the participants had free choice about their honesty. We related differences in cognitive abilities and personality to the odds of lying...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447472/four-year-reciprocal-relationships-between-personality-and-functional-ability-in-older-adults-with-and-without-sensory-impairment-focus-on-neuroticism-and-agreeableness
#10
Markus Wettstein, Hans-Werner Wahl, Vera Heyl
OBJECTIVES: Personality traits have been found to influence health and functional ability (FA) via multiple pathways. However, personality traits may also change in reaction to constraints in FA, particularly in more vulnerable individuals with high risk of decline in independent functioning in daily life (e.g. older adults with sensory impairment). Therefore, conceptually anchored in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF model), this study investigated reciprocal relationships between personality, focusing on neuroticism and agreeableness, and indicators of FA (i...
April 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443043/leniency-bias-in-performance-ratings-the-big-five-correlates
#11
Kevin H C Cheng, C Harry Hui, Wayne F Cascio
Some researchers assume that employees' personality characteristics affect leniency in rating others and themselves. However, little research has investigated these two tendencies at the same time. In the present study we developed one index for other-rating leniency and another one for self-rating leniency. Based on a review of the literature, we hypothesized that a generous assessment of peers would more likely be made by those who are extroverted and agreeable than by those who are not. Furthermore, a generous assessment of oneself would more likely be made by people who are conscientious and emotionally stable, than by people who are not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440252/adjustment-to-acquired-vision-loss-in-adults-presenting-for-visual-disability-certification
#12
Aditya Nakade, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet S Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Rehabilitation of the visually disabled depends on how they adjust to loss; understanding contributing factors may help in effective rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adjustment to acquired vision loss in adults. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary-level teaching hospital, included thirty persons (25-65 years) with <6/60 in the better eye, and vision loss since ≥6-months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435270/relationship-between-hypnosis-and-personality-trait-in-participants-with-high-or-low-hypnotic-susceptibility
#13
Yingchun Zhang, Yunke Wang, Chanchan Shen, Yingying Ye, Si Shen, Bingren Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Wei Chen, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between normal personality and hypnotic susceptibility is important for understanding mental processing and mental disorders, but it is less consistent in normal people or in patients with a psychiatric disorder. We have hypothesized that the correlation exists but varies in individuals with different levels of hypnotizability. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We invited 72 individuals with high (HIGH group) and 47 individuals with low (LOW group) hypnotic susceptibilities to undertake tests of NEO-PI-R and the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C (SHSSC)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430534/chronobiological-factors-for-compassion-satisfaction-and-fatigue-among-ambulatory-oncology-caregivers
#14
Daniela Bellicoso, Maureen Trudeau, Margaret I Fitch, Martin R Ralph
Primary caregivers for victims of chronic illness and or trauma experience both positive and negative emotional consequences. These are broadly classified as compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue (CF). Because one of the components of CF, burnout, varies with chronotype and sleep quality, we assessed the influence of chronobiological features on the broader constructs of CS and CF. Responses from primary ambulatory care oncology staff working dayshifts were assessed for potential relationships of chronotype and sleep quality with CS and CF using the professional quality of life scale...
April 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427115/personality-assessment-and-model-comparison-with-behavioral-data-a-statistical-framework-and-empirical-demonstration-with-bonobos-pan-paniscus
#15
Jordan S Martin, Scott A Suarez
Interest in quantifying consistent among-individual variation in primate behavior, also known as personality, has grown rapidly in recent decades. Although behavioral coding is the most frequently utilized method for assessing primate personality, limitations in current statistical practice prevent researchers' from utilizing the full potential of their coding datasets. These limitations include the use of extensive data aggregation, not modeling biologically relevant sources of individual variance during repeatability estimation, not partitioning between-individual (co)variance prior to modeling personality structure, the misuse of principal component analysis, and an over-reliance upon exploratory statistical techniques to compare personality models across populations, species, and data collection methods...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#16
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418967/-agreeable-coca-cordial-cocaine-with-a-rich-vinous-flavor
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415401/a-new-2-amino-3-pynanopyrane-3-carbonitrile-derivative-for-electrocatalytic-oxidation-and-determination-of-hydrazine
#18
Leili Shahidi, Masoumeh Taei, Seyed Hossein Banitaba, Nahid Tavakkoli
A noble glassy carbon electrode modified with Au nanoparticles and 2-amino-4-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-8-oxo-4,8-dihydropyrano[3,2-b]pyran-3-carbonitrile, was fabricated for electrocatalytic determination of hydrazine (AuNPs/APP/GCE). Large over-potential and interference of some species are two limitation factors for the determination of hydrazine at bare electrode. This modified electrode is able to shift a signal to the negative potential, and can amplify the oxidation current of hydrazine by 28...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402250/zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-prevalence-among-farmers-in-central-tunisia-2014
#19
Hedia Bellali, Fraj Chemak, Issam Nouiri, Dorra Ben Mansour, Jamila Ghrab, Mohamed Kouni Chahed
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is endemic in Central Tunisia, and is more prevalent in rural agricultural areas. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to determine ZCL prevalence among farmers and to test their availability to take ownership of the problem and participate actively to fight and address the disease. METHODS: A sample of farmers from Sidi Bouzid, Central Tunisia was selected randomly. Farmers were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire about ZCL lesion occurrence, its date of onset among family members, and their availability to contribute to fighting this disease...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384975/perception-of-acceptable-range-of-smiles-by-specialists-general-dentists-and-lay-persons-and-evaluation-of-different-aesthetic-paradigms
#20
Mainak Kanti Saha, Margie Khatri, Suparna Ganguly Saha, Sandeep Dubey, Divya Saxena, Neelam Vijaywargiya, Shubham Kala
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important goals of restorative dentistry is to restore the patient's aesthetic. Smile analysis is subjective and it differs from person to person. An aesthetic smile involves a harmonious relationship between various parameters including the hard and soft tissues. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify the acceptable range of several smiles (alone and in conjunction with the face) by specialists, general dentists as well as lay persons; and to identify the values of different criteria i...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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