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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206791/in-your-eyes-only-discrepancies-and-agreement-between-self-and-other-reports-of-personality-from-age-14-to-29
#1
Julia M Rohrer, Boris Egloff, Michal Kosinski, David Stillwell, Stefan C Schmukle
Do others perceive the personality changes that take place between the ages of 14 and 29 in a similar fashion as the aging person him- or herself? This cross-sectional study analyzed age trajectories in self- versus other-reported Big Five personality traits and in self-other agreement in a sample of more than 10,000 individuals from the myPersonality Project. Results for self-reported personality showed maturation effects (increases in extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, and emotional stability), and this pattern was generally also reflected in other-reports, albeit with discrepancies regarding timing and magnitude...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202742/invalidation-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-clinical-and-psychological-framework
#2
Mariana Galante Santiago, Andréa Marques, Marianne Kool, Rinie Geenen, José António P da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The term "invalidation" refers to the patients' perception that their medical condition is not recognized by the social environment. Invalidation can be a major issue in patients' lives, adding a significant burden to symptoms and limitations while increasing the risk of physical and psychological disability. In this study in patients with rheumatic diseases, we investigated the relationship between invalidation and sociodemographic, clinical, psychological, and personality characteristics...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187194/associations-between-empathy-and-big-five-personality-traits-among-chinese-undergraduate-medical-students
#3
Yang Song, Meng Shi
BACKGROUND: Empathy promotes positive physician-patient communication and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that personality traits should be taken into consideration in programs designed to enhance empathy in medical education due to the association found between personality and empathy among medical students. However, the associations between empathy and big five personality traits in medical education are still underrepresented in the existing literature and relevant studies have not been conducted among medical students in China, where tensions in the physician-patient relationship have been reported as outstanding problems in the context of China's current medical reform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178272/psychobiological-factors-affecting-cortisol-variability-in-human-dog-dyads
#4
Iris Schöberl, Manuela Wedl, Andrea Beetz, Kurt Kotrschal
Stress responses within dyads are modulated by interactions such as mutual emotional support and conflict. We investigated dyadic psychobiological factors influencing intra-individual cortisol variability in response to different challenging situations by testing 132 owners and their dogs in a laboratory setting. Salivary cortisol was measured and questionnaires were used to assess owner and dog personality as well as owners' social attitudes towards the dog and towards other humans. We calculated the individual coefficient of variance of cortisol (iCV = sd/mean*100) over the different test situations as a parameter representing individual variability of cortisol concentration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177178/association-of-premorbid-personality-with-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-comparison-with-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#5
Kazuki Tabata, Yasuaki Saijo, Fumiyoshi Morikawa, Juichiro Naoe, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Takahiko Yoshida
AIM: The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between premorbid personality traits and behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. METHODS: Forty-one DLB patients and 98 AD patients were assessed for BPSD using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). Each patient's midlife personality traits were rated by a family member using the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) questionnaire...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173973/personality-and-addictive-behaviours-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-and-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder
#6
Fahd Baig, Michael A Lawton, Michal Rolinski, Claudio Ruffmann, Johannes C Klein, Kannan Nithi, David Okai, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michele T M Hu
INTRODUCTION: Changes in personality have been described in Parkinson's disease (PD), with suggestion that those with established disease tend to be risk averse with a disinclination for addictive behaviour. However, little is known about the earliest and prodromal stages. Personality and its relationship with addictive behaviours can help answer important questions about the mechanisms underlying PD and addiction. METHODS: 941 population-ascertained PD subjects within 3...
February 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170100/vulnerable-narcissism-is-mostly-a-disorder-of-neuroticism
#7
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Colin Vize, Michael Crowe, Chelsea Sleep, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Lauren R Few, W Keith Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention has been paid to the distinction between the dimensions of narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability. We examine the degree to which basic traits underlie vulnerable narcissism with a particular emphasis on the importance of neuroticism and agreeableness. METHODS: Across four samples (undergraduate, online community, clinical-community), we conduct dominance analyses to partition the variance predicted in vulnerable narcissism by the five-factor model personality domains...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164474/traits-across-the-personality-hierarchy-differentially-relate-to-positive-and-negative-affect-evidence-for-the-predictive-validity-of-empirically-derived-meta-traits
#8
Michael P Hengartner, Markus Graf, Marc Schreiber
There is increasing interest in the construct validity of higher-order domains of the Big Five personality traits. A total of 831 persons from the Swiss population completed the International Personality Item Pool and an adaptation of the Positive and Negative Affect Scales. Using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, we found evidence for the general factor of personality (GFP) and the two meta-traits of positive emotionality (blend of low neuroticism and high extraversion) and constraint (blend of high agreeableness and conscientiousness)...
February 6, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153642/personality-traits-and-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#9
Antonio Terracciano, Yannick Stephan, Martina Luchetti, Emiliano Albanese, Angelina R Sutin
We investigated the association between five factor model personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) and risk of dementia, cognitive impairment not dementia (CIND), and conversion from CIND to dementia in a large national cohort. Participants from the Health and Retirement Study (N > 10,000) completed a personality scale in 2006-2008 and their cognitive status was tracked for up to 8 years using the modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICSm)...
January 22, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153054/interaction-between-personality-traits-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology-modulates-cognitive-performance
#10
Domilė Tautvydaitė, Deepti Kukreja, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Hugues Henry, Armin von Gunten, Julius Popp
BACKGROUND: During adulthood, personality characteristics may contribute to the individual capacity to compensate the impact of developing cerebral Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology on cognitive impairment in later life. In this study we aimed to investigate whether and how premorbid personality traits interact with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of AD pathology to predict cognitive performance in subjects with mild cognitive impairment or mild AD dementia and in participants with normal cognition...
February 2, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134805/smoking-status-and-the-five-factor-model-of-personality-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-poland
#11
Krzysztof Buczkowski, Małgorzata A Basinska, Anna Ratajska, Katarzyna Lewandowska, Dorota Luszkiewicz, Alicja Sieminska
Tobacco smoking is the single most important modifiable factor in increased morbidity and premature mortality. Numerous factors-including genetics, personality, and environment-affect the development and persistence of tobacco addiction, and knowledge regarding these factors could improve smoking cessation rates. This study compared personality traits between never, former, and current smokers, using the Five-Factor Model of Personality in a country with a turbulent smoking reduction process.: In this cross-sectional study, 909 Polish adults completed the Revised Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127517/-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-are-usually-nice-persons-how-physicians-experienced-in-als-see-the-personality-characteristics-of-their-patients
#12
Theresa Mehl, Berit Jordan, Stephan Zierz
INTRODUCTION: Physicians experienced in the treatment of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) occasionally describe these patients as "nice" persons. METHODS: ALS experienced physicians (n = 36) were asked to assess the personality characteristics of ALS patients using a multidimensional personality questionnaire based on the five-factor model of personality. Control groups consisted of physicians experienced in Myasthenia gravis (MG) (n = 21) and lung cancer (LC) (n = 36)...
January 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126901/sex-specific-biology-of-the-human-malaria-parasite-revealed-from-the-proteomes-of-mature-male-and-female-gametocytes
#13
Jun Miao, Zhao Chen, Zenglei Wang, Sony Shrestha, Xiaolian Li, Runze Li, Liwang Cui
The gametocytes of the malaria parasites are obligate for perpetuating the parasite life cycle through mosquitoes, but the sex-specific biology of gametocytes is poorly understood. We generated a transgenic line in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, which allowed us to accurately separate male and female gametocytes by flow cytometry. In-depth analysis of the proteomes by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry identified 1244 and 1387 proteins in mature male and female gametocytes, respectively...
January 26, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126055/sexting-among-spanish-adolescents-prevalence-and-personality-profiles
#14
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Patricia de Santisteban, Santiago Resett
BACKGROUND: Voluntarily sending sexual content (e.g., photos, videos) among adolescents via the Internet and mobile phones, a phenomenon called sexting , is receiving increasing social and research attention. The aims of this study were: 1) to analyze the prevalence and trends of sexting among adolescents by gender and age and 2) to examine the personality profile of adolescents that participated in sexting. METHOD: The sample consisted of 3,223 Spanish adolescents from 12 to 17 years of age (49...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125251/examining-the-relations-among-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-of-personality-the-five-factor-model-and-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior
#15
Chelsea E Sleep, Courtland S Hyatt, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Joshua D Miller
Given long-standing criticisms of the DSM's reliance on categorical models of psychopathology, including the poor reliability and validity of personality-disorder diagnoses, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published an alternative model (AM) of personality disorders in Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; APA, 2013), which, in part, comprises 5 pathological trait domains based on the 5-factor model (FFM). However, the empirical profiles and discriminant validity of the AM traits remain in question...
January 26, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122961/surface-based-morphometry-reveals-the-neuroanatomical-basis-of-the-five-factor-model-of-personality
#16
Roberta Riccelli, Nicola Toschi, Salvatore Nigro, Antonio Terracciano, Luca Passamonti
The five-factor model (FFM) is a widely used taxonomy of human personality; yet its neuro anatomical basis remains unclear. This is partly because past associations between gray-matter volume and FFM were driven by different surface-based morphometry (SBM) indices (i.e. cortical thickness, surface area, cortical folding or any combination of them). To overcome this limitation, we used Free-Surfer to study how variability in SBM measures was related to the FFM in n = 507 participants from the Human Connectome Project...
January 24, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112476/measurement-and-visualization-of-face-to-face-interaction-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-using-wearable-sensors
#17
Kouhei Masumoto, Takaharu Yaguchi, Hiroshi Matsuda, Hideaki Tani, Keisuke Tozuka, Narihiko Kondo, Shuichi Okada
AIM: A number of interventions have been undertaken to develop and promote social networks among community-dwelling older adults. However, it has been difficult to examine the effects of these interventions, because of problems in assessing interactions. The present study was designed to quantitatively measure and visualize face-to-face interactions among elderly participants in an exercise program. We also examined relationships among interactional variables, personality and interest in community involvement, including interactions with the local community...
January 23, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105880/nursing-home-care-quality-a-cluster-analysis
#18
Vigdis Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Liv Berit Fagerli
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore potential differences in how nursing home residents rate care quality and to explore cluster characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional design was used, with one questionnaire including questions from quality from patients' perspective and Big Five personality traits, together with questions related to socio-demographic aspects and health condition. Residents ( n=103) from four Norwegian nursing homes participated (74.1 per cent response rate)...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103153/agreeableness-and-pregnancy-relations-with-coping-and-psychiatric-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-on-spanish-pregnant-women
#19
Cecilia Peñacoba, Laura Rodríguez, Javier Carmona, Dolores Marín
Agreeableness is associated with good mental health during pregnancy. Although different studies have indicated that agreeableness is related to adaptive coping, this relation has scarcely been studied in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible differences between high and low agreeableness in relation to coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms in pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal prospective study between October 2009 and January 2013. Pregnant women (n = 285) were assessed in the first trimester of pregnancy, and 122 of them were assessed during the third...
January 19, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092410/big-five-personality-characteristics-are-associated-with-depression-subtypes-and-symptom-dimensions-of-depression-in-older-adults
#20
A M L Koorevaar, J M Hegeman, F Lamers, A D F Dhondt, R C van der Mast, M L Stek, H C Comijs
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of personality characteristics with both subtypes and symptom dimensions of depression in older adults. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight depressed older adults participated in the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons. Personality characteristics were assessed by the NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Subtypes and symptom dimensions of depression were determined using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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