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body identity integrity disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903608/management-of-pediatric-patients-with-dsd-and-ambiguous-genitalia-balancing-the-child-s-moral-claims-to-self-determination-with-parental-values-and-preferences
#1
David A Diamond, Jonathan Swartz, Amy Tishelman, Judith Johnson, Yee-Ming Chan
INTRODUCTION: A central ethical dilemma in management of the patient with a disorder of sex development (DSD) is the potential conflict between respect for the fundamental right of the child for physical and emotional integrity and self-determination, and the right of parents to serve as surrogate decision-makers and act in their child's best interest. METHODS: Over the past 2 years we have encountered three complex DSD cases on the spectrum of mixed gonadal dysgenesis to ovotesticular DSD in which gender assignment and therefore optimal surgical management was uncertain...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736897/the-normalization-of-intersex-bodies-and-othering-of-intersex-identities-in-australia
#2
EDITORIAL
Morgan Carpenter
Once described as hermaphrodites and later as intersex people, individuals born with intersex variations are routinely subject to so-called "normalizing" medical interventions, often in childhood. Opposition to such practices has been met by attempts to discredit critics and reasserted clinical authority over the bodies of women and men with "disorders of sex development." However, claims of clinical consensus have been selectively constructed and applied and lack evidence. Limited transparency and lack of access to justice have helped to perpetuate forced interventions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563762/body-image-and-body-experience-disturbances-in-schizophrenia-an-attempt-to-introduce-the-concept-of-body-self-as-a-conceptual-framework
#3
Olga Sakson-Obada, Paulina Chudzikiewicz, Daniel Pankowski, Marek Jarema
Disturbances in body experience are described as key schizophrenia symptoms and early disease predictors. In case studies, different disorders relating to body experience are presented, but only a few empirical studies have aimed to distinguish the characteristics of body experience in schizophrenia, and these have been selected arbitrarily and without reference to cohesive theoretical model. To integrate this fragmentary approach, we propose a body self (BS) model, composed of: functions; representations (e...
2018: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145179/phantom-sensations-supernumerary-phantom-limbs-and-apotemnophilia-three-body-representation-disorders
#4
Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky
Body representation disorders continue to be mysterious and involve the anatomical substrate that underlies the mental representation of the body. These disorders sit on the boundaries of neurological and psychiatric diseases. We present the main characteristics of 3 examples of body representation disorders: phantom sensations, supernumerary phantom limb, and apotemnophilia. The dysfunction of anatomical circuits that regulate body representation can sometimes have paradoxical features. In the case of phantom sensations, the patient feels the painful subjective sensation of the existence of the lost part of the body after amputation, surgery or trauma...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711223/role-of-sexuality-in-body-integrity-identity-disorder-biid-a-cross-sectional-internet-based-survey-study
#5
Rianne M Blom, Sija J van der Wal, Nienke C Vulink, Damiaan Denys
BACKGROUND: Body integrity identity disorder (BIID)-a strong desire for amputation or paralysis-is often accompanied by feelings and cognitions of sexual arousal, although this sexual component has been largely neglected in the recent literature. AIM: To examine the presence of BIID-related sexual arousal in subjects with BIID and explore clinical and demographic variables of subjects with BIID who do and do not possess this sexual arousal. METHODS: Eighty individuals with BIID responded to an internet-based survey we created...
August 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611645/an-overwhelming-desire-to-be-blind-similarities-and-differences-between-body-integrity-identity-disorder-and-the-wish-for-blindness
#6
Katja Gutschke, Aglaja Stirn, Erich Kasten
BACKGROUND: The urge to be permanently blind is an extremely rare mental health disturbance. The underlying cause of this desire has not been determined yet, and it is uncertain whether the wish for blindness is a condition that can be included in the context of body integrity identity disorder, a condition where people feel an overwhelming need to be disabled, in many cases by amputation of a limb or through paralysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that people with a desire for blindness suffer from a greater degree of visual stress in daily activities than people in a healthy visual control group...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601369/body-representation-difficulties-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-may-be-due-to-delayed-development-of-visuo-tactile-temporal-binding
#7
Danielle Ropar, Katie Greenfield, Alastair D Smith, Mark Carey, Roger Newport
Recent research suggests visuo-tactile binding is temporally extended in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), although it is not clear whether this specifically underlies altered body representation in this population. In the current study children and adolescents with ASD, and typically developing controls, placed their hand into mediated reality system (MIRAGE) and saw two identical live video images of their own right hand. One image was in the proprioceptively correct location (veridical hand) and the other was displaced to either side...
January 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377099/from-the-body-s-viscera-to-the-body-s-image-is-there-a-link-between-interoception-and-body-image-concerns
#8
REVIEW
Deborah Badoud, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception, the sense of the physiological condition of the body originating from within its internal organs, and body image, namely the perception, feelings and attitudes one has about one's body, are two fundamental components of our sense of personal identity and overall well-being. However, the relation between interoception and body image remains poorly understood. We here review recent behavioural and neuroimaging evidence from non-clinical and clinical populations (e.g. eating disorders) to propose that basic interoceptive processes and interoceptive awareness may crucially contribute to the complex formation of body image, as well as to its disturbances...
June 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832097/the-desire-for-amputation-or-paralyzation-evidence-for-structural-brain-anomalies-in-body-integrity-identity-disorder-biid
#9
Rianne M Blom, Guido A van Wingen, Sija J van der Wal, Judy Luigjes, Milenna T van Dijk, H Steven Scholte, Damiaan Denys
BACKGROUND: Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) is a condition in which individuals perceive a mismatch between their internal body scheme and physical body shape, resulting in an absolute desire to be either amputated or paralyzed. The condition is hypothesized to be of congenital nature, but evidence for a neuro-anatomical basis is sparse. METHODS: We collected T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance imaging scans on a 3T scanner in eight individuals with BIID and 24 matched healthy controls, and analyzed the data using voxel-based morphometry...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717275/disorders-related-to-sexuality-and-gender-identity-in-the-icd-11-revising-the-icd-10-classification-based-on-current-scientific-evidence-best-clinical-practices-and-human-rights-considerations
#10
Geoffrey M Reed, Jack Drescher, Richard B Krueger, Elham Atalla, Susan D Cochran, Michael B First, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Iván Arango-de Montis, Sharon J Parish, Sara Cottler, Peer Briken, Shekhar Saxena
In the World Health Organization's forthcoming eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), substantial changes have been proposed to the ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders related to sexuality and gender identity. These concern the following ICD-10 disorder groupings: F52 Sexual dysfunctions, not caused by organic disorder or disease; F64 Gender identity disorders; F65 Disorders of sexual preference; and F66 Psychological and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientation...
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620665/elective-amputation-of-a-healthy-limb
#11
EDITORIAL
Rianne M Blom, Valeria Guglielmi, Damiaan Denys
Patients with body integrity identity disorder (BIID) experience a strong desire for amputation from very early on. BIID patients are often dismissed when they share their wish for amputation with surgeons. Consequently, patients resort to self-amputation, including complications and sometimes death. BIID patients are not psychotic and are mentally competent to oversee the consequences of an elective amputation. The authors offer arguments in favor of elective amputation.
October 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366074/body-integrity-identity-disorder-crosses-culture-case-reports-in-the-japanese-and-chinese-literature
#12
Rianne M Blom, Nienke C Vulink, Sija J van der Wal, Takashi Nakamae, Zhonglin Tan, Eske M Derks, Damiaan Denys
Body integrity identity disorder (BIID) is a condition in which people do not perceive a part of their body as their own, which results in a strong desire for amputation or paralyzation. The disorder is likely to be congenital due to its very early onset. The English literature describes only Western patients with BIID, suggesting that the disorder might be merely prevalent in the West. To scrutinize this assumption, and to extend our knowledge of the etiology of BIID, it is important to trace cases with BIID in non-Western populations...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26982433/-the-body-remembers-narrating-embodied-reconciliations-of-eating-disorder-and-recovery
#13
Karin Eli
After severe illness, there are stories: narrative strands to suture discontinuities of identities, practices, and lives. But within these narratives of illness and recovery, the body's discontinuities stand apart, striking in the materiality of change, in the tangible multiplicity of bodies - healthy, ill, recovering, recovered - that a person can call one's own. Based on longitudinal research interviews with Israeli women who identified as recovered from long-term eating disorders (fieldwork conducted in 2005-2006 and in 2011), this paper explores how these bodily discontinuities are expressed, drawing particular attention to the narrative role of embodied memory in linking past and present-tense bodies and selves...
2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908110/a-perspective-on-the-evolving-landscape-in-male-reproductive-medicine
#14
Shalender Bhasin
CONTEXT: Men's health and aging are emerging as important areas of research opportunity because of advances in reproductive biology and the recognition of men's health as a unique and important aspect of public health. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A perspective of the evolving landscape in male reproductive medicine. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Remarkable discoveries in reproductive biology have greatly advanced the treatment of erectile dysfunction, androgen deficiency, infertility, hormone sensitive cancers, and prostate diseases...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26576171/self-amputation-in-two-non-psychotic-patients
#15
Hamid Rahmanian, Nikoletta A Petrou, M Aamer Sarfraz
Self-amputation, the extreme form of self-mutilation, is uncommon. The vast majority of cases are associated with psychosis, with a small number being assigned the controversial diagnosis of body identity integrity disorder. In this article, we report two cases of non-psychotic self-amputation and their similarities with a view to highlighting the risk factors and formulating an appropriate management plan.
September 2015: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26446773/postural-control-deficits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-role-of-sensory-integration
#16
Michail Doumas, Roisin McKenna, Blain Murphy
We investigated the nature of sensory integration deficits in postural control of young adults with ASD. Postural control was assessed in a fixed environment, and in three environments in which sensory information about body sway from visual, proprioceptive or both channels was inaccurate. Furthermore, two levels of inaccurate information were used within each channel (gain 1 and 1.6). ASD participants showed greater postural sway when information from both channels was inaccurate. In addition, control participants' ellipse area at gain 1...
March 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26380064/visuo-tactile-integration-in-autism-atypical-temporal-binding-may-underlie-greater-reliance-on-proprioceptive-information
#17
Katie Greenfield, Danielle Ropar, Alastair D Smith, Mark Carey, Roger Newport
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that social functioning deficits and sensory sensitivities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are related to atypical sensory integration. The exact mechanisms underlying these integration difficulties are unknown; however, two leading accounts are (1) an over-reliance on proprioception and (2) atypical visuo-tactile temporal binding. We directly tested these theories by selectively manipulating proprioceptive alignment and visuo-tactile synchrony to assess the extent that these impact upon body ownership...
2015: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202620/-role-of-the-body-image-in-creativity-a-group-of-objects-as-an-attempt-for-contextualization
#18
Judit Faludy
The Psychiatric Institutes have supported the different forms of self-expression from the very beginning, sometimes realizing therapeutic goals as well. Under this point theatrical phenomenon was held too. Physicians often created such scenic actions themselves. The visual, pictorial expressions have begun to be shown parallel to the representation of such scenic world. That was the context to create a number of psychiatric art collections. By this kind of theatre based on esthetical judgment visual creations have been shown to the greater public promoting the representation of integral, intact and differing body image...
2015: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25955181/body-ownership-when-feeling-and-knowing-diverge
#19
Daniele Romano, Anna Sedda, Peter Brugger, Gabriella Bottini
Individuals with the peculiar disturbance of 'overcompleteness' experience an intense desire to amputate one of their healthy limbs, describing a sense of disownership for it (Body Integrity Identity Disorder - BIID). This condition is similar to somatoparaphrenia, the acquired delusion that one's own limb belongs to someone else. In ten individuals with BIID, we measured skin conductance response to noxious stimuli, delivered to the accepted and non-accepted limb, touching the body part or simulating the contact (stimuli approach the body without contacting it), hypothesizing that these individuals have responses like somatoparaphrenic patients, who previously showed reduced pain anticipation, when the threat was directed to the disowned limb...
July 2015: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25333602/the-bodily-self-and-its-disorders-neurological-psychological-and-social-aspects
#20
Peter Brugger, Bigna Lenggenhager
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The experience of ourselves as an embodied agent with a first-person perspective is referred to as 'bodily self'. We present a selective overview of relevant clinical and experimental studies. RECENT FINDINGS: Sharing multisensory body space with others can be observed in patients with structurally altered bodies (amputations, congenital absence of limbs), with altered functionality after hemiplegia, such as denial of limb ownership (somatoparaphrenia) and with alterations in bodily self-consciousness on the level of the entire body (e...
December 2014: Current Opinion in Neurology
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