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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#1
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650337/risk-factors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#2
Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Hiba Izzam Mamuna, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Aslam, Nosheen Aslam, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Hamad Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
The objective of study was to find out major correlates of neonatal mortality. The main focus was in determining the impact of different demographic and health related characteristics of neonates and their mothers. A planned questionnaire was prepared in order to collect the information from mothers of newborns. The data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Faisalabad district. Discharge condition of neonate (dead or alive) was taken as response. Binary logistic regression was applied in order to unveil the impact of different contributory factors on the chances of neonatal mortality...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650187/disentangling-the-risk-assessment-and-intimate-partner-violence-relation-estimating-mediating-and-moderating-effects
#3
Kirk R Williams, Richard Stansfield
To manage intimate partner violence (IPV), the criminal justice system has turned to risk assessment instruments to predict if a perpetrator will reoffend. Empirically determining whether offenders assessed as high risk are those who recidivate is critical for establishing the predictive validity of IPV risk assessment instruments and for guiding the supervision of perpetrators. But by focusing solely on the relation between calculated risk scores and subsequent IPV recidivism, previous studies of the predictive validity of risk assessment instruments omitted mediating factors intended to mitigate the risk of this behavioral recidivism...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650186/incremental-prediction-of-intimate-partner-violence-an-examination-of-three-risk-measures
#4
Mark E Olver, Sandy Jung
Improvements in the risk prediction of domestic violence against intimate partners have the potential to inform policing practices in the prevention of further victimization. The present study examined the incremental predictive validity of 3 measures of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV)-Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA), Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA), and the Family Violence Investigative Report (FVIR)-for IPV, general violence, and general recidivism outcomes. The sample featured 289 men and women who were reported to police for IPV and followed up approximately 3 years post release...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647719/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses
#5
Lei Shi, Danyang Zhang, Chenyu Zhou, Libin Yang, Tao Sun, Tianjun Hao, Xiangwen Peng, Lei Gao, Wenhui Liu, Yi Mu, Yuzhen Han, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of workplace violence that Chinese nurses at tertiary and county-level hospitals encountered in the 12 months from December 2014 to January 2016, to identify and analyse risk factors for workplace violence, and to establish the basis for future preventive strategies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 44 tertiary hospitals and 90 county-level hospitals in 16 provinces (municipalities or autonomous regions) in China...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646921/factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-physical-violence-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-shire-endaselassie-town-tigray-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-july-2015
#6
Berhane Hailu Gebrezgi, Marta Berta Badi, Endashaw Admassu Cherkose, Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner physical violence is a common global phenomenon. About 30.00% and 38.83% of women in the world and in sub-Saharan Africa experienced physical violence by their partner respectively in 2013. Though intimate partner violence has serious adverse health consequences, there is limited information about partner violence during pregnancy in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalnce of physical intimate partner violence during pregnancy and associated factors among women attending antenatal care in Shire Endaselassie town, Tigray, northen Ethiopia METHODS: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 3 to July 6, 2015...
June 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646545/disruptions-in-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-community-violence-exposure-to-adolescent-internalizing-problems
#7
Charlotte Heleniak, Kevin M King, Katie A McLaughlin, Kathryn C Monahan
Although community violence is an established risk factor for youth aggression, less research has examined its relation with internalizing psychopathology. This study examined associations of community violence exposure with internalizing symptoms, and state and trait emotion dysregulation as mechanisms underlying these associations, in 287 adolescents aged 16-17 (45.6% male; 40.8% White). Community violence exposure was associated with internalizing symptoms, negative affect during peer evaluation, trait emotional reactivity, and infrequent problem solving...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645242/factors-associated-with-visual-impairment-and-eye-care-utilization-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#8
Safari Balegamire, Marie-Josée Aubin, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Beatriz Alvarado, Ricardo O Guerra, Alban Ylli, Nandini Deshpande, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with visual impairment (VI) and eye care in the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHOD: IMIAS data were analyzed ( N = 1,995 with ages 65-74). Outcomes were VI defined as presenting visual acuity worse than 6/18 in the better eye and eye care utilization assessed by annual visits to eye care professionals. The Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) questionnaire requested information on domestic violence. RESULTS: Among men, VI varied from 24% in Manizales (Colombia) to 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643049/clozapine-in-reducing-aggression-and-violence-in-forensic-populations
#9
REVIEW
Kathleen Patchan, Gopal Vyas, Ann L Hackman, Marie Mackowick, Charles M Richardson, Raymond C Love, Ikwunga Wonodi, MacKenzie A Sayer, Matthew Glassman, Stephanie Feldman, Deanna L Kelly
Popular media often portray people with a mental illness as being aggressive, violent, and incarcerated as a result of their behavior. Despite exaggeration in the media, risks for some aggressive behaviors are in fact higher in individuals with schizophrenia. This is often the case with influence of comorbid substance use disorders. It is essential that mental health professionals are aware of treatments that may help with attenuating and treating behaviors that contribute to violence, aggression and incarceration...
June 22, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#10
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641816/-association-between-the-violence-in-the-community-and-the-aggressive-behaviors-of-psychotics-during-their-hospitalizations
#11
M Rothärmel, M-F Poirier, G Levacon, F Kazour, S Bleher, D Gastal, S Lazareth, P Lebain, M Olari, R Oukebdane, C-E Rengade, J Themines, M Abbar, S Dollfus, A Gassiot, S Haouzir, D Januel, B Millet, J-P Olié, L Stamatiadis, J-L Terra, J Bénichou, D Campion, O Guillin
BACKGROUND: Violence is a common issue in psychiatry and has multiple determiners. The aim of this study is to assess the psychotic inpatients' violence in association with the violence of the neighborhood from which the patients are drawn and to estimate the impact of this environmental factor with regard to other factors. METHOD: A prospective multicenter study was led in nine French cities. Eligible patients were psychotic involuntary patients hospitalized in the cities' psychiatric wards...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641039/an-empirical-investigation-of-campus-demographics-and-reported-rapes
#12
Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Kristen N Jozkowski, Taylor Martinez
OBJECTIVE: Rape on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health issue with approximately 11% of women experiencing rape while in college. As such, it is important to examine factors unique to college campuses that influence the occurrences of rape. METHODS: Using data from 1,423 four-year universities (public and private with at least 1,000 students) from the Office of Education and the Clery Act (2014), we examined institutional risk factors, such as tuition, liquor violations, Greek-life, athletic programs, institution type (public vs...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639803/determining-when-to-conduct-a-violence-risk-assessment-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-fordham-risk-screening-tool-frst
#13
Barry Rosenfeld, Melodie Foellmi, Ali Khadivi, Charity Wijetunga, Jacqueline Howe, Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Shana Grover, Merrill Rotter
Techniques to assess violence risk are increasingly common, but no systematic approach exists to help clinicians decide which psychiatric patients are most in need of a violence risk assessment. The Fordham Risk Screening Tool (FRST) was designed to fill this void, providing a structured, systematic approach to screening psychiatric patients and determining the need for further, more thorough violence risk assessment. The FRST was administered to a sample of 210 consecutive admissions to the civil psychiatric units of an urban medical center, 159 of whom were subsequently evaluated using the Historical Clinical Risk Management-20, version 3, to determine violence risk...
June 22, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#14
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638202/characteristics-of-aggressive-behavior-among-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Xiaomin Zhu, Wen Li, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of the aggressive behavior is higher among the patients with severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia than the general population. The study of factors related to aggressive behavior has great meaning in designing prevention and intervention methods with this population of patients. AIMS: To understand the characteristics of assaultive behavior of male patients with schizophrenia who have been hospitalized. METHODS: Using a continuous sampling method, data from 75 male inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia was collected at the psychiatric unit of Central South University Second Xiangya Hospital (Changsha, China) from August 2015 to February 2016...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635417/suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-specific-learning-disorders-an-underrecognized-issue
#16
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Samara Z Carroll, Wook Yang
Several studies have linked specific learning disorders (SLDs) with suicidal ideation, but less is known about the disorders' association with suicide attempts. This gap in the literature is addressed via the 2012 nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey ( n = 21,744). The prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts among those with an SLD was much higher than those without (11.1% vs. 2.7%, p < .001). In comparison with their peers without SLDs, adults with SLDs had 46% higher odds of having ever attempted suicide, even after adjusting for most known risk factors (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633761/the-opinion-of-health-professionals-regarding-the-presence-of-relatives-during-cardiopulmonary-resucitation
#17
J M Asencio-Gutiérrez, I Reguera-Burgos
BACKGROUND: The latest recommendations from the American Heart Association and the European Resuscitation Council invite allowance for the presence of relatives (PR) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as an extra measure of family care. OBJECTIVE: To discover the opinion of health professionals on the PR during CPR. METHOD: Cross-sectional observational study through an online survey in Spain, based on a non-probability sample (n=315)...
June 17, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633387/anal-intercourse-among-female-sex-workers-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-prevalence-determinants-and-model-based-estimates-of-the-population-level-impact-on-hiv-transmission
#18
Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Stefan Baral, Juan F Vesga, Daouda Diouf, Souleymane Diabaté, Michel Alary, Kouamé Abo, Marie-Claude Boily
Current evidence suggests that anal intercourse (AI) during sex work is common in sub-Saharan Africa, but few studies investigated the contribution of heterosexual AI to HIV epidemics. Using a respondent-driven sampling survey of female sex workers (FSW) in Abidjan (2014), we estimated AI prevalence and frequency. Poisson regressions were used to identify AI determinants. About 20% of FSW (N = 466) engaged in AI during a normal week (95% confidence intervals: 15-26%). Women who performed AI were generally younger, had been selling sex for longer, were born in Côte d'Ivoire, reported higher sex-work income, more frequent sex in public places, and violence from clients than women not reporting AI...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631373/the-risk-of-violence-associated-with-novel-psychoactive-substance-misuse-in-patients-presenting-to-acute-mental-health-services
#19
Abu Shafi, Paul Gallagher, Neil Stewart, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
Novel psychoactive substance (NPS) availability is increasing at a phenomenal rate and so is their associated misuse. Currently, the harms associated with NPS misuse are unclear. This report presents the initial findings of a continuing study looking into the impact of NPS misuse on admissions to an acute mental health facility in London. Violence preadmission and violence during admission have been found to be significant in NPS misusers compared to non-NPS substance misusers. Our findings have important consequences for acute mental health, emergency, and public health services...
June 19, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629439/msm-hiv-testing-following-an-online-testing-intervention-in-china
#20
Ngai Sze Wong, Weiming Tang, Larry Han, John Best, Ye Zhang, Shujie Huang, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Stephen W Pan, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Scaling up HIV testing is the first step in the HIV treatment continuum which is important for controlling the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM). Following an online HIV testing intervention among MSM, we aim to examine sociodemographic and spatial factors associated with HIV testing. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis on data from an online HIV testing intervention among MSM who had never-tested for HIV. The survey was distributed through online networks connected to all provinces and regions of China...
June 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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