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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930966/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-interpersonal-violence-in-u-s-veterans-seeking-help-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Patrick S Calhoun, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Eric B Elbogen, Eric A Dedert, Carolina P Clancy, Lauren P Hair, Michael Hertzberg, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been defined as deliberately damaging one's body tissue without conscious suicidal intent. NSSI is a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts in adults. While NSSI has been associated with other-directed violence in adolescent populations, the link between NSSI and interpersonal violence in adults is less clear. The current study examined the cross-sectional relationship between NSSI and past-year interpersonal violence among 729 help-seeking veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
November 27, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929690/comparison-of-the-center-for-epidemiology-studies-depression-scale-and-beck-depression-inventory-for-research-with-latinas
#2
Melinda Bogardus
U.S. Latino farmworkers face multiple potential stressors. Research on the mental health status of this U.S. Latino subgroup has suggested high prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms when compared to other groups. Latina farmworkers may be at greater risk than their male counterparts for poor mental health because they confront many of the same stressors but may experience additional difficulties including domestic violence, taking on new roles and responsibilities on top of traditional ones, and being expected to maintain the health and integrity of their families at the expense of their own needs...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#3
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#4
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921300/living-in-violent-neighbourhoods-is-associated-with-gestational-weight-gain-outside-the-recommended-range
#5
Jessica Galin, Barbara Abrams, Stephanie A Leonard, Ellicott C Matthay, Dana E Goin, Jennifer Ahern
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, most women do not meet gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines, potentially resulting in adverse maternal and infant health consequences. Social environment determinants of GWG have been identified, but evidence on the relationship between neighbourhood violence and GWG is scant. Our study aims to examine the relationship between neighbourhood violence and GWG outside the recommended range. METHODS: We used statewide vital statistics and health care utilization data from California for 2006-12 (n = 2 364 793) to examine the relationship of neighbourhood violence (quarters of zip-code rates of homicide and assault) in the first 37 weeks of pregnancy with GWG (categorized using the Institute of Medicine's pregnancy weight gain guidelines)...
December 6, 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921297/self-identified-vampirism-and-risk-for-false-positives-a-case-example-of-team-homicide-and-implications-for-forensic-behavioral-science
#6
D J Williams
Historically, reported cases of self-identified vampirism typically have been associated with psychopathology and sometimes a propensity for violence. However, scholars recently have noted a wide range of diverse practices and meanings that all fall under the general description of self-identified vampirism. This brief report focuses on a homicide case (male and female partnered offenders), wherein a single victim was murdered and dismembered. Due to specific case evidence, there was controversy regarding whether or not the homicide was motivated by ritualistic self-identified vampirism...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919224/erratum-to-increasing-prevalence-and-incidence-of-domestic-violence-during-the-pregnancy-and-one-and-a-half-year-postpartum-as-well-as-risk-factors-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-southern-sweden
#7
Hafrún Finnbogadóttir, Anna-Karin Dykes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919000/the-role-of-anger-and-depressive-mood-in-transformation-process-from-victimization-to-perpetration
#8
Yanghee Lee, Sangwon Kim
Violence exerts detrimental influence on children's lives. Reported delinquent behaviors of children have reached an alarming level throughout all societies, and tend to be followed by further victimization. Victimized children suffer various physical and psychological difficulties, with the worst being further involved in perpetrations which puts these children at a greater risk. This study explores the transformation process from victimization to perpetration, by hypothesizing that depressive mood and anger serve as mediators...
December 2, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918082/relation-between-social-information-processing-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-dating-couples
#9
Sarah Setchell, Patti Timmons Fritz, Jillian Glasgow
We used couple-level data to predict physical acts of intimate partner violence (IPV) from self-reported negative emotions and social information-processing (SIP) abilities among 100 dating couples (n = 200; mean age = 21.45 years). Participants read a series of hypothetical conflict situation vignettes and responded to questionnaires to assess negative emotions and various facets of SIP including attributions for partner behavior, generation of response alternatives, and response selection. We conducted a series of negative binomial mixed-model regressions based on the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM; Kenny, Kashy, & Cook, 2006, Dyadic data analysis...
December 5, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917767/prevalence-and-correlates-of-violence-among-south-african-high-school-learners-in-umgungundlovu-district-municipality-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
N Khuzwayo, M Taylor, C Connolly
BACKGROUND: Young people grow up in homes and communities where many are exposed daily to crime and antisocial behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of violence and the demographic factors associated with such violence among South African (SA)high school learners in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, SA. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we used stratified random sampling to select 16 schools in uMgungundlovu District...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917766/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-perpetration-of-gender-based-violence-in-a-community-sample-of-men-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#11
N Mngoma, S Fergus, A Jeeves, R Jolly
BACKGROUND: Rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in South Africa (SA) are among the highest in the world. In societies where social ideals of masculinity encourage male dominance and control over women, gender power imbalances contribute to male perpetration and women's vulnerability. The drivers that cause men to perpetrate GBV and those that lead to HIV overlap and interact in multiple and complex ways. Multiple risk and protective factors for GBV perpetration by males operate interdependently at a number of levels; at the individual level, these include chronic anxiety and depression, which have been shown to lead to risky sexual behaviours...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914861/rapid-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-and-risk-prevention-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#12
Dawn M Johnson, Nicole L Johnson, Curt G Beckwith, Patrick A Palmieri, Caron Zlotnick
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and intimate partner violence (IPV) are interconnected public health problems. However, few HIV prevention interventions address the unique needs of IPV survivors in shelter and none of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's best-evidence risk reduction interventions adequately explore the complex relationship between IPV and HIV risk. Although battered women's shelters provide a safe and supportive environment for women in crisis, most do not offer HIV risk reduction services or sexual safety planning...
November 30, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914236/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect
#13
Charlotte A M Cecil, Essi Viding, Pasco Fearon, Danya Glaser, Eamon J McCrory
It is unclear whether maltreatment types exert common or specific effects on mental health. In the current study, we aimed to systematically characterize the unique, shared and cumulative effects of maltreatment types on psychiatric symptoms, using data drawn from a community sample of high-risk youth (n=204, M=18.85). Analyses controlled for a range of potentially confounding variables, including socio-demographic variables, neighbourhood deprivation and levels of community violence exposure. Outcome measures included multi-informant reports of internalizing difficulties, as well as data on externalizing problems and trauma-related symptoms...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909591/mobbing-exposure-of-anaesthesiology-residents-in-turkey
#14
Gülnihal Aykut, Esra Mercanoğlu Efe, Selcan Bayraktar, Sinem Şentürk, İrem Başeğmez, Özlem Özkumit, Elmas Kabak, Belgin Yavaşçaoğlu, Hülya Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, psychological problems that are caused by working conditions, like burn out syndrome, are more commonly observed. In our study, we aimed to evaluate mobbing exposure, factors causing mobbing and precautions for mobbing in residency students who are educated in anaesthesiology and reanimation clinics in Turkey. METHODS: After obtaining consent from the ethics committee, we sent our questionnaires to the secretariats of the departments by postal mail...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909178/no-differences-in-health-outcomes-after-routine-inquiry-about-violence-victimization-in-young-women-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-swedish-youth-health-centers
#15
Anna Palm, Ulf Högberg, Niclas Olofsson, Alkistis Skalkidou, Ingela Danielsson
Youth is a period in life when the risk of violence victimization is high and association between victimization and ill health is well established. Youth rarely reveal violence victimization to health professionals if not directly asked but favor health professionals asking about victimization. The study's primary aim was to examine health outcomes in young women being routinely asked about violence victimization and offered subsequent support, compared with controls, at 12-month follow-up. Secondary aims were to examine to what extent routine inquiry altered the consultation and re-victimization rates during the study period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#16
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907235/the-2d-4d-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-the-risk-of-recidivism-after-court-mandated-intervention-program-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#17
Angel Romero-Martínez, Marisol Lila, Luis Moya-Albiol
Differences in aggressive behavior could be partially explained by differential prenatal exposure to testosterone (T). A peripheral marker of prenatal T exposure is the 2D:4D ratio, which has shown a negative correlation with self-reported aggression in violent men. This study tested the direct association of the 2D:4D ratio with anger expression and the risk of recidivism in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators after psychotherapeutic intervention program. The sample consisted of IPV perpetrators, whose 2D:4D ratio was measured before the intervention...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905952/mental-health-and-urban-living-in-sub-saharan-africa-major-depressive-episodes-among-the-urban-poor-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#18
Géraldine Duthé, Clémentine Rossier, Doris Bonnet, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Jamaica Corker
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan African cities, the epidemiological transition has shifted a greater proportion of the burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental and behavioral disorder, to the adult population. The burden of major depressive disorder and its social risk factors in the urban sub-Saharan African population are not well understood and estimates vary widely. We conducted a study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in order to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episodes among adults in this urban setting...
May 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901619/aggression-in-psychiatric-wards-effect-of-the-use-of-a-structured-risk-assessment
#19
Jacob Hvidhjelm, Dorte Sestoft, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Kirsten Rasmussen, Roger Almvik, Jakob Bue Bjorner
Health care workers are often exposed to violence and aggression in psychiatric settings. Short-term risk assessments, such as the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), are strong predictors of such aggression and may enable staff to take preventive measures against aggression. This study evaluated whether the routine use of the BVC could reduce the frequency of patient aggression. We conducted a study with a semi-random regression discontinuity design in 15 psychiatric wards. Baseline aggression risk was assessed using the Aggression Observation Short Form (AOS) over three months...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#20
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
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