keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Synbiotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088470/the-effects-of-dietary-kefir-and-low-molecular-weight-sodium-alginate-on-serum-immune-parameters-resistance-against-streptococcus-agalactiae-and-growth-performance-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#1
Hien Van Doan, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Wanaporn Tapingkae, Pimporn Khamtavee
The present study evaluates the effects of dietary kefir and low molecular weight sodium alginate (LWMSA) (singular or combined) on non-specific immune response, disease resistance and growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish with average weight of 18.60 ± 0.04 g were supplied and randomly stocked in sixteen glass tanks (150 L) at density of 20 fish per tank. Fish were fed experimental diets as follows: 0 g kg(-1) LMWSA (Control, Diet 1), 10 g kg(-1) LMWSA (Diet 2), 40 g kg(-1) kefir (Diet 3), and 10 g kg(-1) LMWSA + 40 g kg(-1) kefir (Diet 4) for 50 days...
January 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060791/effects-of-infant-formula-supplemented-with-prebiotics-compared-with-synbiotics-on-growth-up-to-the-age-of-12-months-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Hania Szajewska, Marek Ruszczyński, Henryk Szymański, Iwona Sadowska-Krawczenko, Anna Piwowarczyk, Preben Bødstrup Rasmussen, Mette Bach Kristensen, Christina E West, Olle Hernell
BACKGROUND: Growth is an essential outcome measure for evaluating the safety of infant formulas (IF). We investigated the effects of consumption of IF supplemented with prebiotics (fructooligosaccharides, FOS, and galactooligosaccharides, GOS) compared with synbiotics (FOS/GOS and Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei strain F19) on the growth of healthy infants. METHODS: 182 full-term infants who were weaned completely from breast milk to IF at 28 days of age were randomly assigned to receive prebiotic- or synbiotic-supplemented, otherwise identical, IF until 6 months of age (intervention period)...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045927/synbiotics-for-broiler-chickens-in-vitro-design-and-evaluation-of-the-influence-on-host-and-selected-microbiota-populations-following-in-ovo-delivery
#3
Aleksandra Dunislawska, Anna Slawinska, Katarzyna Stadnicka, Marek Bednarczyk, Piotr Gulewicz, Damian Jozefiak, Maria Siwek
Synbiotics are synergistic combinations of prebiotics and probiotics. In chickens, synbiotics can be delivered in ovo to expedite colonization of the gut by beneficial bacteria. We therefore aimed to design synbiotics in vitro and validate them in broiler chickens upon in ovo delivery. The probiotic components of the synbiotics were Lactobacillus salivarius and Lactobacillus plantarum. Their growth was assessed in MRS medium supplemented with different prebiotics. Based on in vitro results (hatchability and growth curve), two synbiotics were designed: S1 -Lactobacillus salivarius with galactooligosaccarides (GOS) and S2 -Lactobacillus plantarum with raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044254/prebiotics-prosynbiotics-and-synbiotics-can-they-reduce-plasma-oxidative-stress-parameters-a-systematic-review
#4
Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Reza Ghiasvand, Mitra Hariri
This study assessed the effectiveness of presybiotics, prosybiotics and synbiotics on reducing serum oxidative stress parameters. PubMed/Medline, Ovid, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched up to September 2016. English language randomized clinical trials reporting the effect of presybiotics, prosybiotics or synbiotic interventions on serum oxidative stress parameters in human adults were included. Twenty-one randomized clinical trials met the inclusion criteria for systematic review. Two studies investigated prebiotics, four studies synbiotics and fifteen studies probiotics...
January 3, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008784/therapeutic-interventions-for-gut-dysbiosis-and-related-disorders-in-the-elderly-antibiotics-probiotics-or-faecal-microbiota-transplantation
#5
R C Vemuri, R Gundamaraju, T Shinde, R Eri
Ageing and physiological functions of the human body are inversely proportional to each other. The gut microbiota and host immune system co-evolve from infants to the elderly. Ageing is accompanied by a decline in gut microbial diversity, immunity and metabolism, which increases susceptibility to infections. Any compositional change in the gut is directly linked to gastrointestinal disorders, obesity and metabolic diseases. Increase in opportunistic pathogen invasion in the gut like Clostridium difficile leading to C...
December 23, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002487/long-term-transcriptomic-effects-of-prebiotics-and-synbiotics-delivered-in-ovo-in-broiler-chickens
#6
Anna Slawinska, Arkadiusz Plowiec, Maria Siwek, Marcin Jaroszewski, Marek Bednarczyk
In ovo delivery of prebiotics and synbiotics in chickens allows for the development of intestinal microflora prior to hatching, which boosts their robustness. The goal of this study was to determine the transcriptomic profile of the spleen (S), cecal tonsils (CT), and large intestine (LI) of adult chickens injected with prebiotics and synbiotics in ovo. On day 12 of embryo development, incubating eggs were injected with prebiotics: inulin alone (P1) or in combination with Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IBB2955 (S1), galactooligosaccharides (GOS) alone (P2) or in combination with Lactococcus lactis subsp...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997976/the-microbiome-what-will-the-future-hold
#7
Howard Paul Monsour, Eamonn M M Quigley
Current research on the human microbiome has opened our eyes to the intimate relationship that we have with the bacteria that populate our gastrointestinal tract and its potential relationship to health and disease. To date, clinical research on the microbiome has identified intriguing associations between an altered microbiome and disease states, but proven therapeutic applications have been very limited. The ingestion of prebiotics, probiotics, and/or synbiotics is appealing to the general public and has significant commercial value, but as yet, solid evidence for clinical efficacy in liver disease has been lacking due, in large part, to the paucity of high-quality clinical trials...
September 2016: Seminars in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994577/metabiotics-one-step-ahead-of-probiotics-an-insight-into-mechanisms-involved-in-anticancerous-effect-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Mridul Sharma, Geeta Shukla
Colorectal cancer is closely associated with environment, diet and lifestyle. Normally it is treated with surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy but increasing systemic toxicity, resistance and recurrence is prompting scientists to devise new potent and safer alternate prophylactic or therapeutic strategies. Among these, probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, and metabiotics are being considered as the promising candidates. Metabiotics or probiotic derived factors can optimize various physiological functions of the host and offer an additional advantage to be utilized even in immunosuppressed individuals...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989238/the-effects-of-synbiotic-supplementation-on-markers-of-insulin-metabolism-and-lipid-profiles-in-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-corrigendum
#9
Shahnaz Ahmadi, Mehri Jamilian, Maryam Tajabadi-Ebrahimi, Parvaneh Jafari, Zatollah Asemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940405/dietary-and-enteral-interventions-for-crohn-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Takayuki Yamamoto, Takahiro Shimoyama, Moeko Kuriyama
It is now widely acknowledged that the intestinal bacterial flora together with genetic predisposing factors significantly contribute to the immunopathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as reflected by mucosal immune dysregulation. Recently, there has been an increased interest in nutraceutical therapies, including probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics. Other dietary interventions with low carbohydrate diet, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and glutamine have been attempted to downregulate the gut inflammatory response and thereby alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms...
December 8, 2016: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936169/effects-of-supplementation-of-the-synbiotic-ecologic%C3%A2-825-fos-p6-on-intestinal-barrier-function-in-healthy-humans-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
E Wilms, J Gerritsen, H Smidt, I Besseling-van der Vaart, G T Rijkers, A R Garcia Fuentes, A A M Masclee, F J Troost
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics have been suggested as dietary strategies to improve intestinal barrier function. This study aimed to assess the effect of two weeks synbiotic supplementation on intestinal permeability under basal and stressed conditions. Secondary aims were the assessment of two weeks synbiotic supplementation on systemic immune function and gastrointestinal symptoms including defecation pattern. DESIGN: Twenty healthy adults completed a double-blind, controlled, randomized, parallel design study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933160/post-sensitization-administration-of-non-digestible-oligosaccharides-and-bifidobacterium-breve-m-16v-reduces-allergic-symptoms-in-mice
#12
Betty C A M van Esch, Suzanne Abbring, Mara A P Diks, Gemma M Dingjan, Lucien F Harthoorn, A Paul Vos, Johan Garssen
To support dietary management of severe cow's milk allergic infants, a synbiotic mixture of non-digestible oligosaccharides and Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (B. breve) was designed from source materials that are completely cow's milk-free. It was investigated whether this specific synbiotic concept can reduce an established food allergic response in a research model for hen's egg allergy. Mice were orally sensitized once a week for 5 weeks to ovalbumin (OVA) using cholera toxin (CT) as an adjuvant. Non-sensitized mice received CT in PBS only...
June 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931127/prebiotics-and-synbiotics-in-ulcerative-colitis
#13
Axel Laurell, Klas Sjöberg
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon with unclear pathogenesis. A dysbiotic intestinal microbiota is regarded as a key component in the disease process and there has been significant interest in developing new treatments which target the microbiota. AIM: To give an overview of the studies to date investigating prebiotics and synbiotics for the treatment of UC. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed and related search engines was carried out using the terms "ulcerative colitis" in combination with "prebiotic", "synbiotic" or "dietary fibre"...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904393/the-production-of-synbiotic-bread-by-microencapsulation
#14
Mojan Seyedain-Ardabili, Anousheh Sharifan, Babak Ghiassi Tarzi
Bread is a global staple food. Despite attempts to develop functional breads containing viable microorganisms, this has not been done yet because of the high temperature during baking. The aim of this study is to obtain synbiotic bread, hence hamburger bun and white pan bread were selected. Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 and L. casei 431 were encapsulated with calcium alginate and Hi-maize resistant starch via emulsion technique and coated with chitosan. The morphology and size of microcapsules were measured by scanning electron microscopy and particle size analyser...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903994/synbiotic-supplementations-for-azotemia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Hamideh Dehghani, Fatemeh Heidari, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Nader Nouri-Majelan, Ali Dehghani
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive and irreversible impairment of kidney function; if it progresses to the end-stage of CKD, dialysis or kidney transplant is needed. In general, there are no definitive treatment to slow the progression of CKD. This study aimed to determine the effect of synbiotic supplementations on azotemia in patients with CKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 66 patients with CKD (stages 3 and 4)...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876912/synbiotic-biomin-imbo-alters-gut-bacterial-microflora-of-russian-sturgeon-acipenser-guldenstadti-brandt-ratzeburg-1833-in-a-time-dependent-pattern
#16
Mahdi Vaezi, Hossein Khara, Alireza Shenavar
We investigated the efficiency of Synbiotic (Biomin imbo) in alternation and stabilization of gut microflora of Russian sturgeon, Acipenser guldenstadti. For this purpose, five experimental treatments and one control group with three replicates were considered. In treatment groups, fish were fed with diet containing 1 (T1), 1.5 (T2), 2 (T3), 2.5 (T4) and 3 (T5) g Synbiotic/kg diet. In control group, fish were fed without supplement of Synbiotic. Sampling for bacterial studies was conducted at days 20, 40 and 60 after the beginning of the experiment...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876597/role-of-synbiotics-in-polysaccharide-assisted-colon-targeted-microspheres-of-mesalamine-for-the-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Rupinderjeet Kaur, Monica Gulati, Sachin Kumar Singh
The present study explains the effect of concomitant administration of synbiotics with the polysaccharide based colon targeted delivery system. As the gut microflora get deranged on administration of mesalamine, drug release from such delivery systems is expected to be jeopardised because the release trigger is dependent solely on the colonic microbiota. To overcome this limitation, mesalamine was formulated as microspheres with guar gum and xanthan gum (prebiotics). These were combined with probiotics containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, L...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866040/in-vitro-fermentation-of-different-fructo-oligosaccharides-by-bifidobacterium-strains-for-the-selection-of-synbiotic-combinations
#18
Lorena Valdés-Varela, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo, Miguel Gueimonde
The use of selected probiotics, prebiotics and/or synbiotics, constitute an interesting dietary strategy for intestinal microbiota modulation in case of dysbiosis. Species of the genus Bifidobacterium are among the most currently used probiotics for human consumption since they have shown beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of some disorders. Bifidobacteria are saccharolytic microorganisms, but their ability to use different carbohydrates varies among strains. In this study, we investigate the utilization of three prebiotic substrates (two different short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides [scFOS] and inulin) by strains of Bifidobacterium, in order to determine the synbiotic potential of the different probiotic/prebiotic combinations...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852545/effects-of-zinc-or-synbiotic-on-the-duration-of-diarrhea-in-children-with-acute-infectious-diarrhea
#19
Ahmet Sami Yazar, Şirin Güven, Ener Çağrı Dinleyici
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Probiotic effects on acute infectious diarrhea are strain(s) specific, and all formulations should be evaluated by clinical trials. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a synbiotic preparation on the duration of diarrhea in children compared to a zinc suspension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized, and controlled clinical trial in children with acute infectious diarrhea. The first group received a synbiotic preparation containing Lactobacillus casei, L...
November 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836310/effects-of-perioperative-supplementation-with-pro-synbiotics-on-clinical-outcomes-in-surgical-patients-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Xiang-Dong Wu, Meng-Meng Liu, Xi Liang, Ning Hu, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Potential benefits and possible risks of perioperative supplementation with probiotics/synbiotics in surgical patients are not fully understood. Recent evidence has rapidly evolved and conveys conflicting results. Thus, we undertook a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to valuate the effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness and quality of life of perioperative supplementation with pro-/synbiotics. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library through October 2015 to identify RCTs that assessed the effects of perioperative supplementation with pro-/synbiotics in surgical patients...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
keyword
keyword
91576
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"