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Nitric oxide AND citrulline

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032115/toll-like-receptor-4-tlr4-impairs-nitric-oxide-contributing-to-angiotensin-ii-induced-cavernosal-dysfunction
#1
Kenia P Nunes, Gisele F Bomfim, Haroldo A Toque, Theodora Szasz, R Clinton Webb
AIM: Angiotensin II (AngII), a corpus cavernosum (CC) constrictor peptide, modulates Toll like receptor (TLR) expression, a key element of the innate immune system, contributing to impaired vascular function in pathological conditions. However, it is unknown whether TLR4 is involved in AngII-induced erectile dysfunction. In this study, we investigated whether TLR4 plays a role in cavernosal dysfunction caused by AngII upregulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cavernosal smooth muscle cells (CSMC) from C57/BL6 mice were treated with AngII (0...
October 11, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975394/plasma-l-arginine-levels-distinguish-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-from-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction
#2
Anna Sandqvist, Jörn Schneede, David Kylhammar, Dan Henrohn, Jakob Lundgren, Mikael Hedeland, Ulf Bondesson, Göran Rådegran, Gerhard Wikström
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening condition, characterized by an imbalance of vasoactive substances and remodeling of pulmonary vasculature. Nitric oxide, formed from L-arginine, is essential for homeostasis and smooth muscle cell relaxation in PAH. Our aim was to compare plasma concentrations of L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) in PAH compared to left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and healthy subjects. This was an observational, multicenter study comparing 21 patients with PAH to 14 patients with LVSD and 27 healthy subjects...
October 3, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966484/simultaneous-determination-of-arginine-citrulline-and-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-in-plasma-by-reverse-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#3
P V L N Srinivasa Rao, Aparna R Bitla
BACKGROUND: Arginine, citrulline and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are three molecules in the nitric oxide (NO) pathway which provide useful information about vascular endothelial function. ADMA accumulates with patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and inhibits NO synthesis. We describe the modification of a previously established method for the measurement of amino acids analysis for simultaneous detection of arginine, citrulline, and ADMA in plasma and to validate its performance in patients with CKD...
October 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945050/decreased-nitric-oxide-serum-level-after-pituitary-adenoma-resection
#4
Daniel Babula, Anna Horecka, Dorota Luchowska-Kocot, Joanna Kocot, Jacek Kurzepa
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized by the conversion of Arginine (Arg) into the NO and Citrulline (Cit). Although the NO is involved into the pathogenesis of several physiological and pathological processes, the role of NO in pituitary adenomas (PA) progres-sion is not determined. Our purpose was to evaluate the relationship between NO and PA as well as the effect of tumor resection on NO metabolites level in serum. METHODS: The study group consisted of 21 patients with PA, 18 patients with macroade-nomas and 3 with microadenomas...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943110/therapies-for-mitochondrial-diseases-and-current-clinical-trials
#5
REVIEW
Ayman W El-Hattab, Ana Maria Zarante, Mohammed Almannai, Fernando Scaglia
Mitochondrial diseases are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that result from dysfunction of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation due to molecular defects in genes encoding mitochondrial proteins. Despite the advances in molecular and biochemical methodologies leading to better understanding of the etiology and mechanism of these diseases, there are still no satisfactory therapies available for mitochondrial disorders. Treatment for mitochondrial diseases remains largely symptomatic and does not significantly alter the course of the disease...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940638/does-l-citrulline-supplementation-improve-exercise-blood-flow-in-older-adults
#6
Joaquin U Gonzales, Andrea Raymond, John Ashley, Youngdeok Kim
What is the central question of this study? Does short-term supplementation with l-citrulline in order to increase l-arginine improve exercise blood flow and peripheral dilatation responses to exercise in older adults? What is the main finding and its importance? l-Citrulline increased femoral blood flow by 11% and vascular conductance by 14% during lower-limb exercise in older men, whereas no changes were observed in older women. This modest improvement in bulk muscle blood flow in older men has implications for altering muscle metabolism that may result in enhanced exercise tolerance in older adults...
September 20, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904082/a-relative-l-arginine-deficiency-contributes-to-endothelial-dysfunction-across-the-stages-of-the-menopausal-transition
#7
Jelena Klawitter, Kerry L Hildreth, Uwe Christians, Wendy M Kohrt, Kerrie L Moreau
Vascular endothelial function declines across the menopause transition in women. We tested the hypothesis that reduced availability of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase [eNOS] substrate L-arginine is an underlying mechanism to vascular endothelial dysfunction across menopause stages. Endothelial function (brachial artery flow-mediated dilation [FMD]) and plasma markers of L-arginine metabolism (citrulline, N(G)-mono-methyl-ւ-arginine [L-NMMA] asymmetric dimethylarginine [ADMA] and N(G)-N('G)-dimethyl-l-arginine [SDMA]), were measured in 129 women: 36 premenopausal (33 ± 7 years), 16 early- (49 ± 3 years) or 21 late- (50 ± 4 years) perimenopausal, and 21 early- (55 ± 3 years) or 35 late- (61 ± 4 years) postmenopausal...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893245/age-dependent-redox-status-in-the-brain-stem-of-no-deficient-hypertensive-rats
#8
Miroslava Majzúnová, Zuzana Pakanová, Peter Kvasnička, Peter Bališ, Soňa Čačányiová, Ima Dovinová
BACKGROUND: The brain stem contains important nuclei that control cardiovascular function via the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), which is strongly influenced by nitric oxide. Its biological activity is also largely determined by oxygen free radicals. Despite many experimental studies, the role of AT1R-NAD(P)H oxidase-superoxide pathway in NO-deficiency is not yet sufficiently clarified. We determined changes in free radical signaling and antioxidant and detoxification response in the brain stem of young and adult Wistar rats during chronic administration of exogenous NO inhibitors...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877324/t786c-mutation-in-the-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-gene-in-patients-with-primary-osteonecrosis
#9
Amir M Khan, Joshua Choi, Richard A Freiberg, Charles J Glueck, Naila Goldenberg, Ping Wang
Mutations in the T786C endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (eNOS) are associated with osteonecrosis and Prinzmetal's angina. Nitric oxide is necessary for bone health and ameliorates Prinzmetal's angina. This study compared mutations of T786C eNOS in 146 patients with primary osteonecrosis, 114 patients with Prinzmetal's angina, and 83 normal control subjects. Patients with osteonecrosis had more mutant eNOS alleles than control subjects (42% vs 22%, respectively; P<.0001) but had the same number of mutant alleles as patients with Prinzmetal's angina (42% vs 41%, respectively; P=...
September 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868581/in-human-brain-ornithine-transcarbamylase-otc-immunoreactivity-is-strongly-expressed-in-a-small-number-of-nitrergic-neurons
#10
Hans-Gert Bernstein, Hendrik Dobrowolny, Gerburg Keilhoff, Johann Steiner
There is recent evidence for ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) expression in adult human brain. We decided to immunocytochemically map OTC throughout brain, and to further characterize OTC-immunopositive neurons. By using double immunolabeling technique for OTC and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) OTC protein expression was revealed in a small subset of nitrergic (nNOS) neurons. Since citrulline (the reaction product of OTC) enhances the bioavailability of L-arginine, the substrate of nNOS, it is conceivable that OTC activity supports NO production in nitrergic neurons...
September 3, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867511/glutamine-and-citrulline-concentrations-reflect-nitric-oxide-synthesis-in-the-human-nervous-system
#11
I Pérez-Neri, J Ramírez-Bermúdez, C Ojeda-López, S Montes, J L Soto-Hernández, C Ríos
INTRODUCTION: Although citrulline is produced by nitric oxide (NO) synthase upon activation of the NMDA glutamate receptor, nitrite and nitrate (NOx) concentration is considered the best marker of NO synthesis, as citrulline is also metabolised by other enzymes. This study analyses the correlation between human cerebrospinal fluid NOx and citrulline concentrations in order to determine the extent to which citrulline reflects NO synthesis and glutamatergic neurotransmission. METHODS: Participants were patients with acute neurological diseases undergoing lumbar puncture (n=240)...
August 31, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826699/major-surgery-diminishes-systemic-arginine-availability-and-suppresses-nitric-oxide-response-to-feeding-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#12
Mariëlle P K J Engelen, V Suzanne Klimberg, Arianna Allasia, Nicolaas E P Deutz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Plasma arginine (ARG) levels are reduced in breast cancer, suggesting diminished systemic ARG availability. ARG and its product nitric oxide (NO) are important in early postoperative recovery due to its roles in immune function and wound healing. It remains unclear whether major surgery further diminishes systemic ARG availability due to enhanced ARG catabolism and/or insufficient endogenous ARG synthesis negatively affecting NO synthesis in patients with early stage breast cancer...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811749/acute-cocoa-flavanols-intake-has-minimal-effects-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-and-nitric-oxide-production-in-healthy-cyclists-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Lieselot Decroix, Cajsa Tonoli, Danusa Dias Soares, Amandine Descat, Marie-José Drittij-Reijnders, Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast, Wilhelm Stahl, Elsa Heyman, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Cocoa flavanols (CF) can stimulate vasodilation by improved nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities. This study aimed to examine whether acute CF intake can affect exercise-induced changes in antioxidant capacity, oxidative stress, inflammation and NO production, as well as exercise performance and recovery in well-trained cyclists. METHODS: Twelve well-trained male cyclists (mean ± SD age, VO2max: 30 ± 3 years, 63...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803324/decreased-serum-l-arginine-and-l-citrulline-levels-in-major-depression
#14
S Hess, G Baker, G Gyenes, R Tsuyuki, S Newman, Jean-Michel Le Melledo
RATIONALE: It has been suggested that endothelial dysfunction caused by a decreased endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO) may contribute to the consistently observed increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in physically healthy patients suffering from major depression (MD). NO is a gas synthesized from Larginine (a conditionally essential amino acid) and oxygen by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). The end products of NO production include both NO and L-citrulline...
August 13, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755509/the-changes-in-and-relationship-between-plasma-nitric-oxide-and-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Yun-Rong Lu, Yan Zhang, Ying-Bo Rao, Xi Chen, Han-Fen Lou, Yu Zhang, Hai-Yan Xie, Ping Fang, Li-Wei Hu
Because there is strong evidence of roles of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and nitric oxide (NO) synthase-NO system in depression, but the relationship between them is unknown, the aim of this study was to elucidate whether there is any correlation between NO and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients. In 16 outpatients with MDD and 18 healthy controls, the plasma amino acids citrulline (Cit) and arginine (Arg) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, and CRH levels was measured by radioimmunoassay...
July 29, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736735/arginine-and-citrulline-for-the-treatment-of-melas-syndrome
#16
Ayman W El-Hattab, Mohammed Almannai, Fernando Scaglia
MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) syndrome is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disease with a broad spectrum of manifestations. In addition to impaired energy production, nitric oxide (NO) deficiency occurs in MELAS syndrome and leads to impaired blood perfusion in microvasculature that can contribute to several complications including stroke-like episodes, myopathy, and lactic acidosis. The supplementation of NO precursors, L-arginine and L-citrulline, increases NO production and hence can potentially have therapeutic utility in MELAS syndrome...
January 2017: Journal of Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725942/l-arginine-supplementation-prevents-allodynia-and-hyperalgesia-in-painful-diabetic-neuropathic-rats-by-normalizing-plasma-nitric-oxide-concentration-and-increasing-plasma-agmatine-concentration
#17
Lusliany J Rondón, M C Farges, N Davin, B Sion, A M Privat, M P Vasson, A Eschalier, C Courteix
PURPOSE: Neuropathic pain is a common diabetic complication. It is characterized by symptoms of spontaneous and stimulus-evoked pain including hyperalgesia and allodynia. L-Arginine is a common precursor of many metabolites of biological interest, in particular, nitric oxide (NO), ornithine, and hence polyamines. In central nervous system, NO, glutamate, and polyamines share an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated effect. We hypothesized that a variation in arginine metabolism caused by diabetes may contribute to development and maintenance of neuropathic pain and to the worsening of clinical and biological signs of diabetes...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706468/retinal-metabolic-events-in-preconditioning-light-stress-as-revealed-by-wide-spectrum-targeted-metabolomics
#18
Juan Manuel Chao de la Barca, Nuan-Ting Huang, Haihan Jiao, Lydie Tessier, Cédric Gadras, Gilles Simard, Riccardo Natoli, Guillaume Tcherkez, Pascal Reynier, Krisztina Valter
INTRODUCTION: Light is the primary stimulus for vision, but may also cause damage to the retina. Pre-exposing the retina to sub-lethal amount of light (or preconditioning) improves chances for retinal cells to survive acute damaging light stress. OBJECTIVES: This study aims at exploring the changes in retinal metabolome after mild light stress and identifying mechanisms that may be involved in preconditioning. METHODS: Retinas from 12 rats exposed to mild light stress (1000 lux × for 12 h) and 12 controls were collected one and seven days after light stress (LS)...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704931/alterations-in-circulating-amino-acid-metabolite-ratio-associated-with-arginase-activity-are-potential-indicators-of-metabolic-syndrome-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study
#19
Jiyoung Moon, Oh Yoen Kim, Garam Jo, Min-Jeong Shin
Upregulated arginase activity, which competes with nitric oxide synthase (NOS), impairs nitric oxide production and has been implicated in various metabolic disorders. This study examined whether circulating amino acid metabolite ratios are associated with arginase and NOS activities and whether arginine bioavailability is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Data related to arginase and NOS activities were collected from non-diabetic Koreans without cardiovascular disease (n = 1998) in the Ansan-Ansung cohorts (2005-2006)...
July 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683962/arginine-nitric-oxide-metabolites-and-cardiac-dysfunction-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#20
Brian S Finkelman, Mary Putt, Teresa Wang, Le Wang, Hari Narayan, Susan Domchek, Angela DeMichele, Kevin Fox, Jennifer Matro, Payal Shah, Amy Clark, Angela Bradbury, Vivek Narayan, Joseph R Carver, W H Wilson Tang, Bonnie Ky
BACKGROUND: Oxidative/nitrosative stress and endothelial dysfunction are hypothesized to be central to cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD). However, the relationship between circulating arginine-nitric oxide (NO) metabolites and CTRCD remains unstudied. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the relationship between arginine-NO metabolites and CTRCD in a prospective cohort of 170 breast cancer patients treated with doxorubicin with or without trastuzumab...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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