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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916026/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-diarrheal-illness-requiring-hospitalization-data-from-the-national-inpatient-sample
#1
Christina Bradshaw, Yuanchao Zheng, Samuel A Silver, Glenn M Chertow, Jin Long, Shuchi Anand
BACKGROUND: Diarrheal illness is a major reason for hospitalization, but data on consequent acute kidney injury (AKI) are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of AKI in infectious and non-infectious diarrheal illness requiring hospitalization and to identify correlates and outcomes of diarrhea-associated AKI. DESIGN: Using data from the 2012 National Inpatient Sample (NIS), we created a cohort of patients with a primary diagnosis of diarrheal illness...
June 18, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908046/sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury-a-disease-of-the-microcirculation
#2
Shuai Ma, Roger G Evans, Naoya Iguchi, Marianne Tare, Helena C Parkington, Rinaldo Bellomo, Clive N May, Yugeesh R Lankadeva
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of sepsis and is significantly associated with mortality. Sepsis accounts for more than 50% of the cases of AKI, with a mortality rate of up to 40%. The pathogenesis of septic AKI is complex, but there is emerging evidence that, at least in the first 48 hours, the defects may be functional rather than structural in nature. For example, septic AKI is associated with an absence of histopathological changes, but with microvascular abnormalities and tubular stress...
June 16, 2018: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904601/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-complications-after-definitive-skeletal-fixation-of-lower-extremity-in-multiple-injury-patients-a-retrospective-chart-review
#3
Thananit Sangkomkamhang, Wilaiphorn Thinkhamrop, Bandit Thinkhamrop, Wongsa Laohasiriwong
Background : The management of multiple injuries is complex. Type and timing of treatment for lower extremity fractures is a controversial subject. Although many studies have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of early treatment, others have suggested that early definitive stabilization may cause complications, especially with chest and head injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the complications and effects of timing of fixation, and investigate risk factors for complications in multiple injuries patients with lower extremity fractures...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898249/treatment-of-acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-oak-intoxication-with-hemodialysis-in-a-miniature-zebu
#4
Rachel B Davy-Moyle, Leo Londoño, Elizabeth A Nelson, Carsten Bandt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful management of acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to oak intoxication using hemodialysis in a miniature zebu. CASE SUMMARY: A 1-year-old male intact miniature zebu was presented for evaluation of a 2-day history of lethargy, anorexia, decreased urine production, and dry, firm stool. Initial diagnostics revealed severe azotemia and the bull was presumptively diagnosed with AKI secondary to oak intoxication due to free access to oak trees in the pasture...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893703/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#5
Hassan S Hamdy, Ahmed El-Ray, Mohamed Salaheldin, Mohammad Lasheen, Mohamed Aboul-Ezz, Ahmed S Abdel-Moaty, Ali Abdel-Rahim
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: It is well known that development of acute kidney injury (AKI) increases mortality in hospitalized cirrhotic patients; therefore many novel markers have been studied for early detection, differential diagnosis and prognosis in cirrhotic patients with AKI. The aim of the current work is to evaluate urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (uNGAL) as a diagnostic biomarker for different causes of acute kidney injury in liver cirrhosis and to assess it as a prognostic marker...
July 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890946/non-recovery-from-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney-injury-and-short-term-mortality-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-cohort-study
#6
Benjamin J Lee, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Rishi V Parikh, Thomas K Leong, Thida C Tan, Sophia Walia, Kathleen D Liu, Raymond K Hsu, Alan S Go
BACKGROUND: The high mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is well-documented. Recent literature suggests that acute kidney injury is also associated with CVD. It is unknown whether patients with incident ESRD due to dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI-D) are at higher short-term risk for death and CVD events, compared with incident ESRD patients without preceding AKI-D. Few studies have examined the impact of recovery from AKI-D on subsequent CVD risk...
June 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884468/work-stress-and-risk-of-death-in-men-and-women-with-and-without-cardiometabolic-disease-a-multicohort-study
#7
Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti, Jane E Ferrie, G David Batty, Solja T Nyberg, Markus Jokela, Marianna Virtanen, Lars Alfredsson, Nico Dragano, Eleonor I Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Ritva Luukkonen, Tuula Oksanen, Reiner Rugulies, Johannes Siegrist, Archana Singh-Manoux, Sakari Suominen, Töres Theorell, Ari Väänänen, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Timo Strandberg, Andrew Steptoe, John Deanfield
BACKGROUND: Although some cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines suggest a need to manage work stress in patients with established cardiometabolic disease, the evidence base for this recommendation is weak. We sought to clarify the status of stress as a risk factor in cardiometabolic disease by investigating the associations between work stress and mortality in men and women with and without pre-existing cardiometabolic disease. METHODS: In this multicohort study, we used data from seven cohort studies in the IPD-Work consortium, initiated between 1985 and 2002 in Finland, France, Sweden, and the UK, to examine the association between work stress and mortality...
June 5, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871564/early-negative-fluid-balance-is-associated-with-lower-mortality-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#8
Chenglong Li, Hong Wang, Nan Liu, Ming Jia, Haitao Zhang, Xiuming Xi, Xiaotong Hou
BACKGROUND: Early fluid expansion could prevent postoperative organ hypoperfusion. However, excessive fluid resuscitation adversely influences multiple organ systems. This retrospective, observational study aimed to investigate the relationship between early negative fluid balance and postoperative mortality in critically ill adult patients following cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: In total, 567 critically ill patients who had undergone cardiovascular surgery and whose intensive care unit length of stay (LOS) was more than 24 hours were enrolled...
June 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862965/the-future-for-diagnostic-tests-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critical-care-evidence-synthesis-care-pathway-analysis-and-research-prioritisation
#9
Peter S Hall, Elizabeth D Mitchell, Alison F Smith, David A Cairns, Michael Messenger, Michelle Hutchinson, Judy Wright, Karen Vinall-Collier, Claire Corps, Patrick Hamilton, David Meads, Andrew Lewington
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is highly prevalent in hospital inpatient populations, leading to significant mortality and morbidity, reduced quality of life and high short- and long-term health-care costs for the NHS. New diagnostic tests may offer an earlier diagnosis or improved care, but evidence of benefit to patients and of value to the NHS is required before national adoption. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential for AKI in vitro diagnostic tests to enhance the NHS care of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and identify an efficient supporting research strategy...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860543/an-assessment-of-repeat-computed-tomography-utilization-in-the-emergency-department-in-the-setting-of-blunt-trauma
#10
Michael J Burla, Judith Boura, Lihua Qu, Jeffrey S Ditkoff, David A Berger
PURPOSE: Computed tomography (CT) is a standard imaging modality utilized during the evaluation of trauma patients in the emergency department (ED). However, while it is common to utilize intravenous (IV) contrast as an adjunct, the use of multiple CT scans and how it impacts patient flow can lead to changes in patient management. Our objectives are to assess length of stay (LOS) and rates of acute kidney injury (AKI), when two CT scans of the abdomen/pelvis are performed compared to one CT scan...
June 2, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850311/nontraumatic-exertional-rhabdomyolysis-leading-to-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-sickle-trait-positive-individual-on-renal-biopsy
#11
Kalyana C Janga, Sheldon Greenberg, Phone Oo, Kavita Sharma, Umair Ahmed
A 26-year-old African American male with a history of congenital cerebral palsy, sickle cell trait, and intellectual disability presented with abdominal pain that started four hours prior to the hospital visit. The patient denied fever, chills, diarrhea, or any localized trauma. The patient was at a party at his community center last evening and danced for 2 hours, physically exerting himself more than usual. Labs revealed blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level of 41 mg/dL and creatinine (Cr) of 2.8 mg/dL which later increased to 4...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845739/hepatorenal-syndrome-in-the-era-of-acute-kidney-injury
#12
Cristina Solé, Elisa Pose, Elsa Solà, Pere Ginès
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of patients with advanced cirrhosis that it is associated with increased hospital admissions and decreased survival. The definition of AKI in cirrhosis has been recently modified and the new diagnostic criteria are based on small changes of serum creatinine with respect to previous values, occurring within a short period of time. The use of this new definition may lead to an earlier identification of renal impairment and better prognostic stratification. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a unique form of AKI developing in patients with end-stage liver disease...
May 30, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808304/acute-kidney-injury-following-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-in-colorectal-surgery
#13
Joseph H Marcotte, Kinjal Patel, Ronak Desai, John P Gaughan, Deviney Rattigan, Kevin W Cahill, Robin F Irons, Justin Dy, Monika Dobrowolski, Helena McElhenney, Michael Kwiatt, Steven McClane
PURPOSE: Fluid management within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols is designed to maintain a euvolemic state avoiding the negative sequelae of hypervolemia or hypovolemia. We sought to determine the effect of a recent ERAS protocol implementation on kidney function and on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: A total of 132 elective colorectal resections performed using our ERAS protocol were compared to a propensity-matched group prior to ERAS implementation...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806146/acute-kidney-injury-and-disease-long-term-consequences-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Dharshan Rangaswamy, Kamal Sud
With increasing longevity and presence of multiple co-morbidities, a significant proportion of hospitalized patients and an even larger population in the community is at increased risk for developing an episode of acute kidney injury (AKI). Because of improvements in short term outcomes following an episode of AKI, survivors of an episode of AKI are now predisposed to develop its long-term sequel. Identification of risk for progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD) is complicated by the absence of good biomarkers that identify this risk and the variability of risk associated with clinical factors including, but not limited to number of AKI episodes, severity, duration of previous AKI and pre-existing chronic kidney disease that has made prediction for long-term outcomes in survivors of AKI more difficult...
May 27, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805409/frequency-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-tetanus-patients-of-paedriatic-intensive-care-unit-a-public-hospital-experience
#15
Faizia Naseem, Abid Hussain, Fehmina Arif
Background and Objective: Tetanus is a potentially fatal but preventable disease. Mortality is related to severity of the disease, cardiovascular, pulmonary and renal complications. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent and lethal complication of tetanus. The objective was to determine the frequency of AKI in tetanus patients managed in a public hospital. Methods: Children aged 1-12 years admitted in Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with the clinical diagnosis of tetanus over three and half years were recruited for the retrospective study...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770972/fractional-excretion-of-electrolytes-in-volume-responsive-and-intrinsic-acute-kidney-injury-in-dogs-diagnostic-and-prognostic-implications
#16
Roberta Troìa, Marta Gruarin, Chiara Grisetti, Federica Serafini, Luca Magna, Erika Monari, Massimo Giunti, Francesco Dondi
BACKGROUND: The value of fractional excretion (FE) of electrolytes to characterize and prognosticate acute kidney injury (AKI) is poorly documented in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic roles of FE of electrolytes in dogs with AKI. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 135) with AKI treated with standard care (February 2014-December 2016). METHODS: Prospective study. Clinical and laboratory variables including FE of electrolytes, were measured upon admission...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760854/peritoneal-dialysis-in-austere-environments-an-emergent-approach-to-renal-failure-management
#17
REVIEW
Chad Gorbatkin, John Bass, Fredric O Finkelstein, Steven M Gorbatkin
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a means of renal replacement therapy (RRT) that can be performed in remote settings with limited resources, including regions that lack electrical power. PD is a mainstay of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) therapy worldwide, and the ease of initiation and maintenance has enabled it to flourish in both resource-limited and resource-abundant settings. In natural disaster scenarios, military conflicts, and other austere areas, PD may be the only available life-saving measure for acute kidney injury (AKI) or ESRD...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759496/j-waves-for-predicting-cardiac-events-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#18
Toyonobu Tsuda, Kenshi Hayashi, Tetsuo Konno, Kenji Sakata, Takashi Fujita, Akihiko Hodatsu, Yoji Nagata, Ryota Teramoto, Akihiro Nomura, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Furusho, Masayuki Takamura, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Noboru Fujino, Masakazu Yamagishi
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate whether the presence of J waves was associated with cardiac events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: It has been uncertain whether the presence of J waves predicts life-threatening cardiac events in patients with HCM. METHODS: This study evaluated consecutive 338 patients with HCM (207 men; age 61 ± 17 years of age). A J-wave was defined as J-point elevation >0...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759295/effect-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-on-outcome
#19
Maximilian Spieker, Katharina Hellhammer, Stratis Katsianos, Julian Wiora, Tobias Zeus, Patrick Horn, Malte Kelm, Ralf Westenfeld
Limited data exist on the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR). The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the prevalence of AKI after MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) implantation, (2) to analyze the predictive factors of AKI, and (3) to evaluate the prognostic value of AKI after PMVR with a view to optimizing the management of high-risk patients. A total of 206 patients (serum creatinine [SCr] 1.3 ± 0.6 mg/dl, estimated glomerular filtration rate 55 ± 24 ml/min) who underwent PMVR were included...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751827/timp-2-igfbp7-predicts-acute-kidney-injury-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors
#20
Christoph Adler, Tobias Heller, Felix Schregel, Henning Hagmann, Martin Hellmich, Joana Adler, Hannes Reuter
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and predicts in-hospital mortality. To which extent post-resuscitation disease or the initial event of cardiac arrest and the duration of insufficient cardiac output triggers AKI is challenging to discriminate. Knowledge on molecular mediators of AKI is scarce. Early identification of patients at high risk of AKI is hampered by the low sensitivity of the established tests in clinical routine practice...
May 12, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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