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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448862/the-first-case-report-of-failed-single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-bypass-converted-to-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-mini-gastric-bypass
#1
Sonja Chiappetta, Christine Stier, Oliver Scheffel, Sophia Theodoridou, Rudolf Weiner
INTRODUCTION: The established single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is based on a sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as the restrictive part of the procedure. Due to preserved pylorus, SG has the disadvantage of a high-pressure system with de novo or worsening of existing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). CASE PRESENTATION: A female patient presented herself due to protracted GERD and weight regain after multiple bariatric surgeries...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447003/salvage-esophagectomy-for-persistent-or-recurrent-disease-after-definitive-chemoradiation
#2
Stephen G Swisher, Jenifer Marks, David Rice
Locoregionally advanced esophageal cancer is treated by some oncologists with definitive chemoradiation. The optimal strategy to treat persistent or recurrent disease after definitive chemoradiation is controversial. We reviewed the literature to determine current treatment options and optimal approaches. Salvage esophagectomy of relapsed or recurrent esophageal cancer has traditionally been associated with increased risk. Modern literature, however, suggests that in specialized high volume centers the risk of salvage esophagectomy when accompanied with various risk-reducing approaches (anastomosis in non-radiated esophagus, omental transposition, selective use of alternative conduits and two stage procedures) is similar to planned esophagectomy after neoadjuvant chemoradiation...
March 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447002/alternative-conduits-for-esophageal-replacement
#3
Ankur Bakshi, David J Sugarbaker, Bryan M Burt
Replacement of the native esophagus after esophagectomy is a problem that has challenged surgeons for over a century. Not only must the conduit be long enough to bridge the distance between the cervical esophagus and the abdomen, it must also have a reliable vascular supply and be sufficiently functional to allow for deglutition. The stomach, jejunum, and colon (right, left or transverse) have all been proposed as potential solutions. The stomach has gained favor for its length, reliable vascular supply and need for only a single anastomosis...
March 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446622/cortical-venous-redness-represents-tissue-circulation-status-in-patients-with-moyamoya-disease
#4
Toshio Machida, Yoshinori Higuchi, Shigeki Nakano, Satoshi Ishige, Atsushi Fujikawa, Yuichi Akaogi, Junichiro Shimada, Yoichi Yoshida, Sigenori Maru, Junichi Ono
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Venous oxygen saturation (SO2) is measured in medical fields to assess tissue circulation insufficiency. This study aimed to elucidate the use of a cortical venous redness measurement to evaluate hemodynamic changes during revascularization surgery for patients with moyamoya disease. METHODS: In this retrospective case-series analysis, we first quantitatively measured and correlated SO2 and R intensity of 24-bit color digital red-green-blue pictures of blood samples from 3 volunteers...
April 26, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445377/first-lower-two-thirds-osteomyocutaneous-facial-allograft-perfused-by-a-unilateral-facial-artery-outcomes-and-vascularization-at-1-year-after-transplantation
#5
Sebastian Fischer, Thomas C Lee, Nicco Krezdorn, Muayyad Alhefzi, Maximilian Kueckelhaus, Ericka M Bueno, Bohdan Pomahac
BACKGROUND: Facial allotransplantation provides a unique opportunity to restore facial form and function in severely disfigured patients. Using a single unilateral facial artery for vascularization can significantly reduce surgical duration and thus facilitate the practice of face transplantation. METHODS: A 33-year-old man with a history of high-energy ballistic trauma received a facial allograft comprising the lower two-thirds of the face, including maxilla and mandible...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445255/peutz-jeghers-syndrome-with-intermittent-upper-intestinal-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Shou-Xing Duan, Guang-Huan Wang, Jun Zhong, Wen-Hui Ou, Ma-Xian Fu, Fu-Sheng Wang, Shu-Hua Ma, Jian-Hong Li
RATIONALE: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome characterized by a unique type of gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyp associated with oral and anal mucocutaneous pigmentations. Peutz-Jeghers polyps occur most numerously in the small intestine but frequently in the colon and stomach, only a few cases have been reported in the duodenum. PATIENT CONCERN: A further family history survey discovered 10 out of 14 members of the family (in 4 generations) had mucocutaneous pigmentations, but many of them were living in rural areas where they had no access to specialized medical services, so none were checked with endoscopy for polyps of hamartoma...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443268/complicated-postoperative-course-after-pulmonary-artery-sling-repair-and-slide-tracheoplasty
#7
Angelika Weber, Birgit Donner, Marie-Hélène Perez, Stefano Di Bernardo, Daniel Trachsel, Kishore Sandu, Nicole Sekarski
Pulmonary artery sling (PAS) is a rare congenital condition in which the left pulmonary artery (LPA) arises from the right pulmonary artery, and then passes between the trachea and the esophagus to reach the left lung, thereby forming a sling around the airway. It is often associated with intrinsic tracheal stenosis due to complete cartilaginous rings. Therapeutic management nowadays consists of one-stage reimplantation of the LPA and tracheoplasty with cardiopulmonary bypass support. Here, we present a 7-week-old boy with PAS and long-segment tracheal stenosis (LSTS) who underwent surgical intervention consisting of reimplantation of the LPA and slide tracheoplasty...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442832/risk-factors-for-conversion-and-morbidity-during-initial-experience-in-laparoscopic-proctectomies-a-retrospective-study
#8
Abdelmalek Hrora, Anass Mohammed Majbar, Mouna Elalaoui, Mohamed Raiss, Farid Sabbah, Mohamed Ahallat
The aim of this study was to determine the predictable factors for conversion during laparoscopic proctectomies, and for postoperative morbidity, in order to assist in defining the best candidates of patients for initial experience in laparoscopic proctectomies for rectal adenocarcinoma. A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic rectal resection for rectal adenocarcinoma operated by a single surgeon, between 2005 and 2012, were performed. Predictive factors for conversion and for postoperative morbidity were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442385/the-immediate-management-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injury-endoscopic-realignment-or-cystostomy
#9
Qingsong Zou, Shukui Zhou, Kaile Zhang, Naixing Yang, Qiang Fu
PURPOSE: To determine whether endoscopic realignment or cystostomy provides the best immediate management of pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 590 patients with PFUI and included 522 cases due to strict criteria: endoscopic realignment group (129 patients) and cystostomy (393 patients). Data regarding stricture formation, stricture length, intervention technique, and long-term functional outcomes were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441167/technical-and-survival-risks-associated-with-esophagojejunostomy-by-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-carcinoma
#10
Manabu Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Kawano, Shohei Yamaguchi, Akinori Egashira, Kazuhito Minami, Masaru Morita, Yoshihisa Sakaguchi, Yasushi Toh
BACKGROUND: We performed esophagojejunostomy after totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) using functional end-to-end anastomosis (FEEA) as the first choice and laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) using a circular stapler with a transorally inserted anvil as the second choice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 109 patients with gastric cancer who underwent TLTG and LATG. Among these, 100 patients underwent TLTG and the rest underwent LATG. RESULTS: The length of resected esophageal segment in LATG patients was significantly longer than that in TLTG patients (P<0...
April 24, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440525/-treatment-of-complications-after-laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#11
Bin Zhang, Ke Zhao, Quanlong Liu, Shuhui Yin, Yujuan Zhao, Guangzuan Zhuo, Yingying Feng, Jun Zhu, Jianhua Ding
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the perioperative and postoperative complications follow laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (LapISR) in the treatment of low rectal cancer and their management. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 73 consecutive patients who underwent LapISR for low rectal cancer between June 2011 and February 2016 in our hospital. The clinicopathological parameters, perioperative and postoperative complications, and clinical outcomes were collected from a prospectively maintained database...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438753/complicated-small-bowel-diverticular-disease-a-case-series
#12
Linden Karas, Mohammed Asif, Victor Chun, Farrukh A Khan
Small bowel diverticulosis of the jejunum and ileum is an uncommon finding with a prevalence rate of 0.2% to 1.3% at autopsy and 0.3% to 1.9% on small bowel studies. Diagnosis can be difficult because there are no pathognomonic features or clinical symptoms that are specific for small bowel diverticulosis. Though rare, it is critical to keep the possibility of small bowel diverticulosis in mind when evaluating cases of malabsorption, chronic abdominal pain, haemorrhage, perforation and intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with connective tissue disorders, a family history of diverticula and a personal history of colonic diverticulosis...
April 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435855/first-clinical-experiences-with-a-novel-endoscopic-over-the-scope-clip-system
#13
Marco Dinelli, Barbara Omazzi, Paolo Andreozzi, Nicola Zucchini, Alessandro Redaelli, Gianpiero Manes
We describe our experience with a new over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system (Padlock Clip?) in the treatment of 14 patients. Eight of the 14 patients were treated for closure of gastrointestinal fistulas (n?=?4), iatrogenic gastrointestinal perforations (n?=?2), or hemostasis of post-polypectomy bleeding (n?=?2). The site of clipping was the lower gastrointestinal tract in five patients and the upper gastrointestinal tract in three patients. The clip was successfully delivered in seven out of the eight patients and clinical success was achieved in all patients...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434956/superficial-temporal-artery-middle-cerebral-artery-bypass-surgery-for-refractory-symptomatic-intracranial-atherosclerotic-stenosis
#14
Yan Ma, Fan Yang, Liqun Jiao, Meng Li, Yabing Wang, Yanfei Chen, Feng Ling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate blood flow changes following bypass surgery for refractory symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. METHODS: We examined a cohort of consecutive patients with symptomatic ICAS. STA-MCA bypass was performed in refractory patients with poor perfusion. Angiograms were graded systematically for antegrade, collateral, and bypass flow, and clinical variables were collected preoperatively, and at 7 days, and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434582/effectiveness-between-early-and-late-temporary-ileostomy-closure-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-prospective-study
#15
Li Zhen, Yanan Wang, Ze Zhang, Tongwei Wu, Ruoyan Liu, Tingting Li, Liying Zhao, Haijun Deng, Xiaolong Qi, Guoxin Li
A temporary stoma is often used in rectal cancer surgery to protect a distal anastomosis, which remains a major concern after rectal cancer surgery, particularly after low anterior resection. The temporary stoma is scheduled for closure. However, the optimal time of closure of the protecting stoma remains unclear because of sparse studies and data. We aimed to detect the efficacy between early and late temporary ileostomy closure in patients with rectal cancer during or after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. We conducted a prospective, 2-group design between early and late ileostomy closure group in patients after rectal cancer surgery with temporary stoma...
March 2, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433044/-laparoscopic-diverting-ileostomy-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#16
P Ihnát, P Vávra, P Guňková, A Zatloukal, S Czudek, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: Low anterior resection (LAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME) represents the gold standard for patients with low rectal carcinoma. Protective ileostomy (PI) is commonly performed during LAR in an effort to protect low rectal anastomosis. The aim of this study is to analyse outcomes in our own patient population, focusing on morbidity associated with PI. METHOD: A retrospective clinical study of patients operated on between 2013 and 2015 was conducted in University Hospital Ostrava...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433043/-complete-minimally-invasive-ivor-lewis-esophageal-resection
#17
P Zonča, M Peteja, V Richter, P Vávra, P Ostruszka, D Worek, J Stigler
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive esophagectomy is becoming a standard procedure in the treatment of esophageal cancer. We would like to present our experience with Ivor Lewis esophagectomy completed by minimally invasive technique. METHODS: The primary aim of the study was to analyse potential technical difficulties and intraoperative complications of thoracolaparoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy with intrathoracic anastomosis. A secondary aim of the study was to evaluate postoperative complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432540/preliminary-clinical-study-on-non-transecting-anastomotic-bulbomembranous-urethroplasty
#18
Wei Le, Chao Li, Jinfu Zhang, Denglong Wu, Bo Liu
This study aims to investigate the effect of non-transecting anastomotic urethroplasty for treatment of posterior urethral stricture. A total of 23 patients with traumatic posterior urethral stricture were enrolled and then divided into two groups. In one group, 12 patients underwent non-transecting anastomotic urethroplasty. In the other group, 11 patients underwent conventional posterior urethra end-to-end anastomosis. The effect of operation was evaluated using the following parameters: the bleeding amount during operation, operation time, IIEF-5 scores after operation, maximum flow rate (Qmax), and rating scale of quality of life (QoL)...
April 22, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432506/elective-colectomy-for-diverticulitis-in-transplant-patients-is-it-worth-the-risk
#19
Janet T Lee, Steve Skube, Genevieve B Melton, Mary R Kwaan, Christine C Jensen, Robert D Madoff, Wolfgang B Gaertner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine morbidity and mortality for transplant patients undergoing elective colectomy for diverticulitis and determine the impact of recurrent diverticulitis on postoperative complications. METHODS: We identified transplant recipients that underwent elective colectomy for diverticulitis between 2000 and 2015 at a tertiary care institution. Patient and procedure variables, postoperative complications, length of stay, 30-day readmission, and mortality were identified through retrospective chart review...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432462/novel-esophageal-stent-for-treatment-of-cervical-anastomotic-leakage-after-esophagectomy
#20
Gang Wu, Meipan Yin, Yan Shi Zhao, Yi Fang, Gaofeng Zhao, Jia Zhao, Xinwei Han
BACKGROUND: Dedicated stents for treatment of cervical anastomotic leakage are currently unavailable. In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using custom-designed stents for treatment of cervical anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy. METHODS: The stents were designed according to the location and size of the leakage and the residual esophageal length as determined by esophagography in each case. It had a cup-shaped upper end and a globular lower end and a total height of 60-85 mm...
April 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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