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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244959/wound-curriculum-for-nurses
#1
Andrea Pokorná, Samantha Holloway, Robert Strohal, Ida Verheyen-Cronau
The European Wound Management Association (EWMA) has just finalised the first curriculum in a series of several curricula intended for use in levels 5-7 of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF)1. The aim of these is to support a common approach to post-registration qualification in wound management for nurses across Europe. EWMA hopes and will work towards a close collaboration with European nurse organisations as well as educational institutions to implement these common curricula.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244172/human-in-vitro-spermatogenesis-from-pluripotent-stem-cells-in-need-of-a-stepwise-differentiation-protocol
#2
C Rombaut, H Mertes, B Heindryckx, E Goossens
Recently, complete in-vitro generation of male gametes starting from pluripotent stem cells was obtained in a mouse model with live offspring as a result. This breakthrough was probably due to the use of a stepwise differentiation protocol taking the tightly regulated in-vivo situation into account. As shown previously, factors of the TGFβ superfamily, metabolites of vitamin A, growth hormones, sex steroids and, most importantly, somatic cell support are major regulators of the development, survival, proliferation and differentiation of male gametes...
December 13, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243941/critical-success-factors-in-implementing-an-e-rostering-system-in-a-healthcare-organisation
#3
Zahoor A Soomro, Javed Ahmed, Raza Muhammad, Dawn Hayes, Mahmood H Shah
Effective and efficient staff scheduling has always been a challenging issue, especially in health service organisations. Both the extremes of staff shortage and overage have an adverse impact on the performance of healthcare organisations. In this case, an electronic and systematic staff scheduling (e-rostering) system is the often seen as the best solution. Unless an organisation has an effective implementation of such a system, possible cost savings, efficiency, and benefits could be minimal. This study is aimed to research key success factors for the successful effective implementation of an electronic rostering system, especially at healthcare organisations...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243880/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-knee-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-part-3-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#4
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Knee injuries are a common presentation to the ED and are often difficult to assess and definitively diagnose due to the patient's acute pain, effusion and guarding. The quality of ED care provided to patients with fractures or soft tissue injuries of the knee is critical to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common knee injuries in the ED. Databases were searched in 2017, including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites...
December 15, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242749/setting-the-research-and-implementation-agenda-for-equitable-access-to-surgical-care-in-south-africa
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Rayne, Sule Burger, Stephanie Van Straten, Bruce Biccard, Mathume Joseph Phaahla, Martin Smith
South Africa is an upper-middle-income country with widespread social and geographical inequality of surgical provision. The National Forum on Surgery and Anaesthesia in South Africa brought together various stakeholders, including government, societies, academic clinicians and the biomedical industry, to define the core strategy for a national surgical plan. During the forum, presentations and breakaway workshops explored and reported the challenges and opportunities these stakeholders may have in sustaining and improving surgical provision in South Africa...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242195/key-programme-science-lessons-from-an-hiv-prevention-learning-site-for-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya
#6
Leigh M McClarty, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Shajy Isac, Faran Emmanuel, Japheth Kioko, Margaret Njiraini, Peter Gichangi, Clifford Duncan Okoth, Janet Musimbi-Mbole, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses, Helgar Muysyoki, Marissa L Becker
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, Kenya's National AIDS and STI Control Programme established a Learning Site (LS) in Mombasa County to support and strengthen capacity for HIV prevention programming within organisations working with sex workers. A defining feature of LS was the use of a Programme Science approach throughout its development and implementation. We provide an overview of the key components of LS, present findings from 23 months of programme monitoring data, and highlight key Programme Science lessons from its implementation and monitoring...
December 14, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241602/the-incidence-of-abortion-and-unintended-pregnancy-in-india-2015
#7
Susheela Singh, Chander Shekhar, Rajib Acharya, Ann M Moore, Melissa Stillman, Manas R Pradhan, Jennifer J Frost, Harihar Sahoo, Manoj Alagarajan, Rubina Hussain, Aparna Sundaram, Michael Vlassoff, Shveta Kalyanwala, Alyssa Browne
BACKGROUND: Reliable information on the incidence of induced abortion in India is lacking. Official statistics and national surveys provide incomplete coverage. Since the early 2000s, medication abortion has become increasingly available, improving the way women obtain abortions. The aim of this study was to estimate the national incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy for 2015. METHODS: National abortion incidence was estimated through three separate components: abortions (medication and surgical) in facilities (including private sector, public sector, and non-governmental organisations [NGOs]); medication abortions outside facilities; and abortions outside of facilities and with methods other than medication abortion...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241598/organ-donation-after-controlled-cardiac-death-under-maastricht-category-iii-ethical-implications-and-end-of-life-care
#8
M Isabel González-Méndez, Luís López-Rodríguez
The decrease in potential donation after brain death has resulted in a need to evaluate alternative sources. Donation after cardiac death is a good option. The objectives of this article were to describe the Maastricht type iii controlled organ donation characteristics and to determine end-of-life care and the role of nurses in the donation process. In this type of donation, cardiocirculatory arrest is predictable after the limitation of life sustaining treatments. These are patients for whom there are no effective therapy options and, in the context of an organised and planned practice involving all the professionals involved in the care of the patient, the decision is made, in consultation with the family, to withdraw life support measures...
December 11, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241474/optimising-design-and-cost-effective-implementation-of-future-pan-african-dietary-studies-a-review-of-existing-economic-integration-and-nutritional-indicators-for-scenario-based-profiling-and-clustering-of-countries
#9
Elom K Aglago, Edwige Landais, Francis Zotor, Genevieve Nicolas, Marc J Gunter, Paul Amuna, Nadia Slimani
Most of the African countries are undergoing a complex nutrition and epidemiologic transition associated with a rapid increase in the prevalence of diverse non-communicable diseases. Despite this alarming situation, the still limited and fragmented resources available in Africa impede the implementation of effective action plans to tackle the current and projected diet-disease burden. In order to address these common needs and challenges, the African Union is increasingly supporting continental approaches and strategies as reflected in the launching of the Agenda 2063 and the African regional nutrition strategy 2015-2025, among others...
December 15, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241471/-patients-also-have-responsibility-for-prevention
#10
C Smit
Patient organisations should be more visible in the societal debate about prevention, alongside fulfilling their more traditional tasks such as education, peer support and lobbying for their interests. Despite appreciating the medical care he received, the author also personally experienced a lack of attention for life-style interventions (e.g. a salt-free diet, exercise) in the care provided. Since 2012, awareness among European patient groups is rising about the importance of nutrition, which is evolving from being considered as a simple necessity to being an essential component of disease management...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241469/-social-obstetrics-a-level-playing-field-when-it-comes-to-a-healthy-start
#11
E A P Steegers
Next to foetal growth, embryonic development during the first weeks of pregnancy is associated not only with the health of the newborn, but also with health and disease in later life. In the Netherlands, large disparities exist in perinatal health. These are not only related to medical risks but also to an accumulation of risks related to lifestyle and the social environment. The effects of poverty on perinatal health appear to be substantial. These new insights should lead to a renewal of pregnancy-related care in the form of the implementation of preconception care and 'social obstetrics', into which medical and social domains of care should be integrated...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241134/effects-of-the-herbicides-linuron-and-s-metolachlor-on-perez-s-frog-embryos
#12
Carla Quintaneiro, Amadeu M V M Soares, Marta S Monteiro
Presence of pesticides in the environment and their possible effects on aquatic organisms are of great concern worldwide. The extensive use of herbicides in agricultural areas are one of the factors contributing to the known decline of amphibian populations. Thus, as non-target species, amphibians can be exposed in early life stages to herbicides in aquatic systems. In this context, this study aims to evaluate effects of increasing concentrations of two maize herbicides, linuron and S-metolachlor on embryos of the Perez' frog (Pelophylax perezi) during 192 h...
November 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240479/nursing-and-the-barriers-to-sustainable-health-care-a-literature-review
#13
Chloe Griggs, Ana Fernandez, Margie Callanan
OBJECTIVES: global warming poses a serious threat to human health, yet healthcare organisations and staff have been relatively slow to engage with sustainable healthcare practices. This review of the literature seeks to frame what is already known about nurses and their views on global warming and sustainable health care. DESIGN: 11 primary research articles were sourced from a search of five mainstream databases. These articles were subject to a basic thematic analysis...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239683/managing-cancer-care-through-service-delivery-networks-the-role-of-professional-collaboration-in-two-european-cancer-networks
#14
Joan Prades, Verdiana Morando, Valeria D Tozzi, Didier Verhoeven, Jose R Germà, Josep M Borras
Background The study examines two meso-strategic cancer networks, exploring to what extent collaboration can strengthen or hamper network effectiveness. Unlike macro-strategic networks, meso-strategic networks have no hierarchical governance structures nor are they institutionalised within healthcare services' delivery systems. This study aims to analyse the models of professional cooperation and the tools developed for managing clinical practice within two meso-strategic, European cancer networks. Methods Multiple case study design based on the comparative analysis of two cancer networks: Iridium, in Antwerp, Belgium and the Institut Català d'Oncologia in Catalonia, Spain...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239569/climate-impact-on-malaria-in-northern-burkina-faso
#15
Yves M Tourre, Cécile Vignolles, Christian Viel, Flore Mounier
The Paluclim project managed by the French Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) found that total rainfall for a 3-month period is a confounding factor for the density of malaria vectors in the region of Nouna in the Sahel administrative territory of northern Burkina Faso. Following the models introduced in 1999 by Craig et al. and in 2003 by Tanser et al., a climate impact model for malaria risk (using different climate indices) was created. Several predictions of this risk at different temporal scales (i...
November 27, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239566/mapping-displaced-populations-with-reference-to-social-vulnerabilities-for-post-disaster-public-health-management
#16
Junaid Ahmad, Anees Ahmad, Mokbul Morshed Ahmad, Nafees Ahmad
Millions of people are currently displaced from their homes because of local and international conflicts. In the last two decades, a substantial increase in the number of displaced people has been recorded. We measured the social vulnerabilities of displaced populations using a mathematical approach in combination with application of geographical information systems (GIS) tools and techniques to visualise movement and draw attention to the location of significant concentration of vulnerabilities. A retrospective study approach based on datasets collected from governmental and non-governmental organisations working with refugees and internally displaced persons in Pakistan was used...
November 27, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239551/spread-of-ebola-virus-disease-based-on-the-density-of-roads-in-west-africa
#17
Diana Gomez-Barroso, Emilia Velasco, Carmen Varela, Inmaculada Leon, Rosa Cano
On March 23rd 2014 the World Health Organization announced that a new Ebola outbreak had appeared in West Africa involving three countries. The objective of this study was to show how a road density index (RDI) could be constructed and a study of its association with Ebola cases during the outbreak. The study was carried out at the district level across the affected countries. RDI was calculated by km2 of territory as a proxy for the mobility of the population. To calculate this index, the number of km of road constructed in each district was estimated and subsequently divided by the area of each district expressed in km2...
November 3, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239448/organic-matter-identifies-the-nano-mechanical-properties-of-native-soil-aggregates
#18
S A Gazze, I Hallin, G Quinn, E Dudley, G P Matthews, P Rees, G van Keulen, S H Doerr, L W Francis
Localized variations at the nanoscale in soil aggregates and in the spatial organisation of soil organic matter (SOM) are critical to understanding the factors involved in soil composition and turnover. However soil nanoscience has been hampered by the lack of suitable methods to determine soil biophysical properties at nanometre spatial resolution with minimal sample preparation. Here we introduce for the first time an Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)-based Quantitative Nano-Mechanical mapping (QNM) approach that allows the characterisation of the role of SOM in controlling surface nano-mechanical properties of soil aggregates...
December 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239031/molecular-alterations-of-neuroendocrine-tumours-of-the-lung
#19
REVIEW
Giulio Rossi, Luca Bertero, Caterina Marchiò, Mauro Papotti
Neuroendocrine tumours of the lung comprise low [typical carcinoid (TC)], intermediate [atypical carcinoid (AC)] and high-grade [small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC)] malignancies, while a pre-invasive lesion [diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH)] may generate a subset of peripheral carcinoid tumours. These neoplasms are differentiated conventionally based on mitotic rate, presence of necrosis and cytological details, according to the 2015 World Health Organisation (WHO) classification...
January 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237894/j-b-s-haldane-s-passage-to-india-reconfiguring-science
#20
Gordon Mcouat
In 1957, John Burdon Sanderson (JBS) Haldane (1892-1964), the world's leading population geneticist, committed political radical and one of the three 'founders' of neo-Darwinian 'Modern Synthesis' of twentieth century biology (Sarkar 1995; Haldane 1932; Cain 2009; Smocovitis 1996), ostentatiously renounced both his British citizenship and his prestigious chair at University College London. In a decisively and very public anti-imperial gesture, ostensibly played out as a reaction to the Suez crisis (although his discontent was simmering for quite some time), Haldane, and his partner, geneticistHelen Spurway (1917-1977), turned their backs on Britain and set off to India to offer their considerable scientific prestige, their inexhaustible organisational abilities, along with their leading Journal of Genetics, behind the efforts to build a 'modern', democratic India emerging out of the ashes of colonial rule...
November 2017: Journal of Genetics
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