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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637144/what-information-do-patients-need-following-a-whiplash-injury-the-perspectives-of-patients-and-physiotherapists
#1
Annick Maujean, Joanna Sterling, Michele Sterling
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to identify information that individuals with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) need to know in the early stages of recovery and to establish whether there is a difference between what physiotherapists and whiplash-injured patients perceive as important information. METHOD: Forty-one participants were recruited (20 whiplash-injured patients, 21 physiotherapists). Participants were asked to provide five statements to one open-ended question about what they believe is the most important information individuals with WAD need to know in the early stages of recovery...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637097/coding-proforma-in-tnflo-clinic-from-a-uk-center-an-audit-of-85-procedures
#2
Hassan Mohammed, David Chrastek, Liam Masterson, Ramez Nassif
Within the NHS and other health service providers, alphanumeric clinical coding has been introduced as a common language to interpret and compare mortality and morbidity data (1) . The two systems of clinical coding commonly utilised are the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD-10) devised by the World Health Organisation(1) and the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys 4 (OPCS-4) published in the UK by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (2) . This article is protected by copyright...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637090/early-warning-systems-and-rapid-response-to-the-deteriorating-patient-in-hospital-a-realist-evaluation
#3
Jennifer Mcgaughey, Peter O'Halloran, Sam Porter, John Trinder, Bronagh Blackwood
AIM: To identify those contexts and mechanisms that enable or constrain the implementation of Rapid Response Systems on acute general hospital wards to recognise and respond to patient deterioration. BACKGROUND: Rapid Response Systems allow deteriorating patients to be recognised using Early Warning Systems, referred early via escalation protocols and managed at the bedside by competent staff. DESIGN: Realist Evaluation. METHODS: The research design was an embedded multiple case study approach of four wards in two hospitals in Northern Ireland which followed the principles of Realist Evaluation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635541/association-between-abnormal-brain-functional-connectivity-in-children-and-psychopathology-a-study-based-on-graph-theory-and-machine-learning
#4
João Ricardo Sato, Claudinei Eduardo Biazoli, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Ary Gadelha, Nicolas Crossley, Gilson Vieira, André Zugman, Felipe Almeida Picon, Pedro Mario Pan, Marcelo Queiroz Hoexter, Edson Amaro, Mauricio Anés, Luciana Monteiro Moura, Marco Antonio Gomes Del'Aquilla, Philip Mcguire, Luis Augusto Rohde, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Andrea Parolin Jackowski, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
OBJECTIVES: One of the major challenges facing psychiatry is how to incorporate biological measures in the classification of mental health disorders. Many of these disorders affect brain development and its connectivity. In this study, we propose a novel method for assessing brain networks based on the combination of a graph theory measure (eigenvector centrality) and a one-class support vector machine (OC-SVM). METHODS: We applied this approach to resting-state fMRI data from 622 children and adolescents...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635501/promoting-global-action-on-hearing-loss-world-hearing-day
#5
Shelly Chadha, Alarcos Cieza
The growing need for hearing care and a general lack of policies to address it poses a significant public health challenge. The World Health Organization aims to address this through evidence-based advocacy along with technical support to countries in provision of hearing care. As part of its activities, WHO is promoting the World Hearing Day which is observed on 3rd March every year. The day is marked by an annual theme and release of information products and key messages. Through this, we aim to raise awareness and promote actions for ear and hearing care across the world...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635466/a-profession-to-be-proud-of
#6
Caroline Shuldham
We have to admire the responses of individuals and organisations to the Grenfell Tower fire and the recent terrorist attacks, where major incident plans were activated. Our colleagues, nurses and the wider healthcare teams showed heroism, expertise, compassion and commitment.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635441/the-extension-of-a-set-of-needs-led-mental-health-clusters-to-accommodate-people-accessing-uk-intellectual-disability-health-services
#7
Jon Painter, Liam Trevithick, Richard Hastings, Barry Ingham, Ashok Roy
BACKGROUND: A development of a needs-led mental health classification system based on the Health of the National Outcome Scales (HoNOS) has previously been developed. AIMS: To extend the needs-based mental health (MH) clusters to accommodate the additional needs of people accessing UK intellectual disabilities health services. METHOD: Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on assessment data from 18 National Health Service (NHS) provider organisations...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635440/adding-an-accredited-exercise-physiologist-role-to-a-new-model-of-care-at-a-secure-extended-care-mental-health-service-a-qualitative-study
#8
Trentham Furness, Jude Hewavasam, Jakqui Barnfield, Brian McKenna, Corey Joseph
BACKGROUND: Accredited exercise physiologists (AEPs) are emerging as essential members of allied health in the management of non-communicable chronic diseases. People diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) are at greater risk of cardiovascular diseases. Secure extended care units (SECUs) provide treatment, supervision and support for people with SMI whose needs cannot be met adequately in the community. However, the role of AEPs in SECUs has not been described. AIM: Describe the processes and outcomes of adding an AEP to a new model of care at a SECU...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#9
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634630/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-for-non-technical-skills-evaluation-in-robotic-surgery-the-icars-system
#10
Nicholas Raison, Thomas Wood, Oliver Brunckhorst, Takashige Abe, Talisa Ross, Ben Challacombe, Mohammed Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Nicolo Buffi, Henk Van Der Poel, Craig McIlhenny, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Non-technical skills (NTS) are being increasingly recognised as vital for safe surgical practice. Numerous NTS rating systems have been developed to support effective training and assessment. Yet despite the additional challenges posed by robotic surgery, no NTS rating systems have been developed for this unique surgical environment. This study reports the development and validation of the first NTS behavioural rating system for robotic surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive index of all relevant NTS behaviours in robotic surgery was developed through observation of robotic theatre and interviews with robotic surgeons...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633984/herbal-medicinal-products-in-pregnancy-which-data-are-available
#11
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wiesner, Werner Knöss
This review aims to highlight recent approaches concerning usage of (traditional) herbal medicinal products in pregnancy and to discuss appropriate strategies to handle limited information. Therefore, published monographs of the Committee on Herbal Medicinal products (HMPC) and selected publicly funded webpages, medicinal handbooks, publications and industry and health care organisations webpages were evaluated. While within the monographs of the HMPC a rather conservative approach could be found (mainly because of lacking nonclinical and/or clinical studies), all other sources display a wide variety of information or assessments, thereby often giving contradictory recommendations...
June 17, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633672/influence-of-the-number-and-timing-of-malaria-episodes-during-pregnancy-on-prematurity-and-small-for-gestational-age-in-an-area-of-low-transmission
#12
Kerryn A Moore, Julie A Simpson, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Aung Myat Min, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Jathee Raksuansak, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Freya J I Fowkes, Nicholas J White, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Most evidence on the association between malaria in pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes focuses on falciparum malaria detected at birth. We assessed the association between the number and timing of falciparum and vivax malaria episodes during pregnancy on small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth. METHODS: We analysed observational data collected from antenatal clinics on the Thailand-Myanmar border (1986-2015). We assessed the effects of the total number of malaria episodes in pregnancy on SGA and the effects of malaria in pregnancy on SGA, very preterm birth, and late preterm birth, by the gestational age at malaria detection and treatment using logistic regression models with time-dependent malaria variables (monthly intervals)...
June 21, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633044/written-accounts-of-living-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-a-thematic-analysis
#13
Gregg H Rawlings, Ian Brown, Brendan Stone, Markus Reuber
PURPOSE: Qualitative studies examining lived experiences of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) have predominantly relied on datasets collected using clinical or research interviews. This study pursued a different approach by investigating individuals' written accounts of their condition. METHODS: Participants (n=19) were recruited from membership-led organisations for individuals living with seizures and from a United Kingdom hospital. Participants were instructed to produce four pieces of writing: 1) about their thoughts and feelings about their condition; 2) a letter to their condition; 3) a letter to their younger self; and 4) about a personal value...
June 15, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632926/meta-analysis-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-minimally-invasive-versus-open-oesophagectomy-for-oesophageal-cancer
#14
REVIEW
J H Kauppila, S Xie, A Johar, S R Markar, P Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes between minimally invasive and open oesophagectomy for cancer at different postoperative time points. METHODS: A search of PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library was performed for studies that compared open with minimally invasive oesophagectomy. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for studies that measured HRQoL scores using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OES18 questionnaires...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632724/oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-can-be-differentiated-from-healthy-individuals-with-label-free-serum-proteomics
#15
Mayank Saraswat, Antti Mäkitie, Rahul Agarwal, Sakari Joenväärä, Suvi Renkonen
BACKGROUND: No blood biomarkers to detect early oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) without clinical signs exist - diagnosis is solely based on histology of a visible tumour. Most OSCC patients are diagnosed at advanced stage, which leads to significant morbidity and poor survival. Our aim was to find the serum screening or detection biomarkers in OSCC. METHODS: Serum samples from patients with OSCC treated at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital (Finland) were collected...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631983/-worse-than-hiv-the-logics-of-cancer-screening-avoidance-in-swaziland
#16
Nomthandazo Malambo, Susan Erikson
This article shows the consequences of competing global health agendas within differential clinical and social worlds. Specifically, it examines how HIV's prominence in local clinical programming in Swaziland influences cervical cancer screening rates. Drawing on 2014 ethnographic research conducted in a semi-urban town in Swaziland, the interview and participant observation data show the relative scarcity of cervical cancer care and the consequences of HIV/AIDS funding and programming dominance. 20 women and 7 health workers were interviewed in homes, clinics and small businesses...
June 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631958/-anything-that-makes-life-s-journey-better-exploring-the-use-of-digital-technology-by-people-living-with-motor-neurone-disease
#17
Esther V Hobson, Saima Fazal, Pamela J Shaw, Christopher J McDermott
Our aim was to explore the attitudes of those living with motor neuron disease towards digital technology. Postal and online questionnaires surveyed 83 people with MND (pwMND) and 54 friends and family members (fMND). Five pwMND and five fMND underwent semi-structured interviews. 82% of pwMND and 87% of fMND use technology every day with iPads and laptops being the devices most commonly used. pwMND used technology to help them continue to participate in everyday activities such as socialising, entertainment and accessing the internet...
February 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631777/-continuity-of-care-in-oncology-quantitative-analysis-of-data-from-patients-treated-in-two-different-settings-in-emilia-romagna
#18
Tiziano Carradori, Francesca Bravi, Daniela Sara Butera, Erica Iannazzo, Giorgia Valpiani, Ulrich Wienand
INTRODUCTION: In order to ensure high-quality treatment for patients with cancer it is vital to implement organisational models (pathways and networks) and that guarantee continuity of care. Appropriate assessment tools that promote the evaluation and analysis of care pathways from the patients' perspective are available. Hence the aim of this study was to verify whether or not the coordination between the various stages and care providers in a cancer treatment pathway is perceived by our patients...
June 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631522/evidence-based-management-of-non-tubal-ectopic-pregnancies
#19
Aderemi Olaoluwa Alalade, Fredrick John Ennis Smith, Charlotte Emma Kendall, Funlayo Odejinmi
Recent advances in ultrasonography and the use of other modalities including magnetic resonance imaging scans have led to the early and more accurate diagnosis of non-tubal ectopic pregnancies (NTE). As a result, the management of these pregnancies has evolved. This article addresses the management options currently available for NTE. While surgical management remains the mainstay of treatment for ovarian, abdominal and cornual ectopics, there is growing evidence that some of these can be managed medically...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#20
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
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