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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922756/translation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-korean-version-of-the-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-specific-quality-of-life-revised
#1
Juyeon Oh, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong, Seung Hyun Kim, Jung A Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to translate the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis-Specific Quality of Life - Revised instrument (ALSSQOL-R) into Korean and to examine the psychometric properties of the Korean amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) population. METHODS: The translation involved forward and backward translation. The psychometric properties of the Korean version of the ALSSQOL-R (K-ALSSQOL-R) were tested by patients in an ALS multidisciplinary clinic in Korea (n = 120)...
December 6, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922290/implementing-an-interprofessional-model-of-self-management-support-across-a-community-workforce-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-study
#2
Stefan Tino Kulnik, Heide Pöstges, Lucinda Brimicombe, John Hammond, Fiona Jones
The importance of implementing self-management support (SMS) is now widely accepted, but questions remain as to how. In 2015, we facilitated the implementation of an interprofessional model of SMS (Bridges Self-Management) for people with complex multiple long-term conditions through community rehabilitation and social care services in one Southeast England locality. Over 90 professionals and support workers from this workforce received interprofessional training to integrate SMS into their care and rehabilitation interactions...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922202/current-practices-for-screening-consent-and-care-of-related-donors-in-france-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-coordinator-nurses-perceptions
#3
A Polomeni, C Bompoint, A Gomez, E Brissot, A Ruggeri, R Belhocine, M Mohty
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation-coordinating nurses (HSCT-CNs) play an important role in informing related donors (RDs) and in organising human leucocyte antigen (HLA) tests, pre-donation workup and stem cells collection. Our pilot study aimed to explore French HSCT-CNs' perceptions of RD care issues. Twenty-nine French HSCT adult units were sent a questionnaire on the subject of donation procedures, HSCT-CNs' data and their professional experience of related donation issues. Twenty-two HSCT-CNs returned a completed questionnaire, and 90% of HSCT units were involved to some degree in both patient and donor care...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920082/doctors-perspectives-on-psa-testing-illuminate-established-differences-in-prostate-cancer-screening-rates-between-australia-and-the-uk-a-qualitative-study
#4
Kristen Pickles, Stacy M Carter, Lucie Rychetnik, Vikki A Entwistle
OBJECTIVES: To examine how general practitioners (GPs) in the UK and GPs in Australia explain their prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing practices and to illuminate how these explanations are similar and how they are different. DESIGN: A grounded theory study. SETTING: Primary care practices in Australia and the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 69 GPs in Australia (n=40) and the UK (n=29). We included GPs of varying ages, sex, clinical experience and patient populations...
December 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919773/analgesic-effects-of-alcohol-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-experimental-studies-in-healthy-participants
#5
REVIEW
Trevor Thompson, Charlotte Oram, Christoph U Correll, Stella Tsermentseli, Brendon Stubbs
: Despite the long-standing belief in the analgesic properties of alcohol, experimental studies have produced mixed results. This meta-analysis aimed to clarify whether alcohol produces a decrease in experimentally-induced pain and to determine the magnitude of any such effect. PubMed, PsycINFO and Embase databases were searched from inception until 21/4/2016 for controlled studies examining the effect of quantified dosages of alcohol on pain response to noxious stimulation. Eighteen studies involving 404 participants were identified providing alcohol vs...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919399/a-literature-review-for-large-scale-health-information-system-project-planning-implementation-and-evaluation
#6
REVIEW
Judith Sligo, Robin Gauld, Vaughan Roberts, Luis Villa
Information technology is perceived as a potential panacea for healthcare organisations to manage pressure to improve services in the face of increased demand. However, the implementation and evaluation of health information systems (HIS) is plagued with problems and implementation shortcomings and failures are rife. HIS implementation is complex and relies on organisational, structural, technological, and human factors to be successful. It also requires reflective, nuanced, multidimensional evaluation to provide ongoing feedback to ensure success...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919398/what-is-needed-to-implement-a-web-based-audit-and-feedback-intervention-with-outreach-visits-to-improve-care-quality-a-concept-mapping-study-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-teams
#7
Mariëtte M van Engen-Verheul, Niels Peek, Joke A Haafkens, Erik Joukes, Tom Vromen, Monique W M Jaspers, Nicolette F de Keizer
INTRODUCTION: Evidence on successful quality improvement (QI) in health care requires quantitative information from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of QI interventions, but also qualitative information from professionals to understand factors influencing QI implementation. OBJECTIVE: Using a structured qualitative approach, concept mapping, this study determines factors identified by cardiac rehabilitation (CR) teams on what is needed to successfully implement a web-based audit and feedback (A&F) intervention with outreach visits to improve the quality of CR care...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919393/business-analysis-for-a-sustainable-multi-stakeholder-ecosystem-for-leveraging-the-electronic-health-records-for-clinical-research-ehr4cr-platform-in-europe
#8
Danielle Dupont, Ariel Beresniak, Mats Sundgren, Andreas Schmidt, John Ainsworth, Pascal Coorevits, Dipak Kalra, Marc Dewispelaere, Georges De Moor
INTRODUCTION: The Electronic Health Records for Clinical Research (EHR4CR) technological platform has been developed to enable the trustworthy reuse of hospital electronic health records data for clinical research. The EHR4CR platform can enhance and speed up clinical research scenarios: protocol feasibility assessment, patient identification for recruitment in clinical trials, and clinical data exchange, including for reporting serious adverse events. Our objective was to seed a multi-stakeholder ecosystem to enable the scalable exploitation of the EHR4CR platform in Europe, and to assess its economic sustainability...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919392/knowledge-management-systems-success-in-healthcare-leadership-matters
#9
Nor'ashikin Ali, Alexei Tretiakov, Dick Whiddett, Inga Hunter
PURPOSE: To deliver high-quality healthcare doctors need to access, interpret, and share appropriate and localised medical knowledge. Information technology is widely used to facilitate the management of this knowledge in healthcare organisations. The purpose of this study is to develop a knowledge management systems success model for healthcare organisations. METHOD: A model was formulated by extending an existing generic knowledge management systems success model by including organisational and system factors relevant to healthcare...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919147/-the-iodine-intake-in-a-female-population-of-an-apennine-valley-italy-in-years-2003-2013
#10
Giulio Ozzola, Lucia Gasbarri, Carlo Montaini
OBJECTIVES: to assess if the iodine intake of pregnant women had increased or not after the introduction of Law no. 55 of March 2005 («Provisions aimed at the prevention of endemic goitre and other diseases from iodine deficiency») and if it reached the levels recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). DESIGN: evaluation of ioduria values in the female local population enrolled. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: in 4 different years, 100 women per year (400 women in all) were enrolled in this study...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919057/principles-of-precision-medicine-in-stroke
#11
REVIEW
Jason D Hinman, Natalia S Rost, Thomas W Leung, Joan Montaner, Keith W Muir, Scott Brown, Juan F Arenillas, Edward Feldmann, David S Liebeskind
The era of precision medicine has arrived and conveys tremendous potential, particularly for stroke neurology. The diagnosis of stroke, its underlying aetiology, theranostic strategies, recurrence risk and path to recovery are populated by a series of highly individualised questions. Moreover, the phenotypic complexity of a clinical diagnosis of stroke makes a simple genetic risk assessment only partially informative on an individual basis. The guiding principles of precision medicine in stroke underscore the need to identify, value, organise and analyse the multitude of variables obtained from each individual to generate a precise approach to optimise cerebrovascular health...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918853/sustainable-interprofessional-teamwork-needs-a-team-friendly-healthcare-system-experiences-from-a-collaborative-dutch-programme
#12
Anneke van Dijk-de Vries, Jerôme Jean Jacques van Dongen, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven
The significance of effective interprofessional teamwork to improve the quality of care has been widely recognised. Effective interprofessional teamwork calls on good collaboration between professionals and patients, coordination between professionals, and the development of teamwork over time. Effective development of teams also requires support from the wider organisational context. In a Dutch village, healthcare professionals work closely together, and mutual consultations as well as interprofessional meetings take place on a regular basis...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918842/collaborative-practices-between-correctional-and-mental-health-services-in-norway-expanding-the-roles-and-responsibility-competence-domain
#13
Sarah Hean, Elisabeth Willumsen, Atle Ødegård
Internationally, mental illness is high in prison populations. Collaboration between the correctional services (CS) and mental health services (MHS) is required to address this. Little is known of the collaborative processes in this context, however. This article presents the findings of a study exploring the characteristics of collaborative practices between the MHS and CS in a Norwegian context. A purposeful sample (n = 12) of MHS and CS leaders was recruited from one region in Norway. Taking a generic qualitative approach, semi-structured interviews with each participant explored specific structures that promoted collaboration, the nature of collaborative relationships, and factors that facilitated or constrained these...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917989/cost-effective-control-strategies-for-animal-and-zoonotic-diseases-in-pastoralist-populations
#14
J Zinsstag, M F Abakar, M Ibrahim, R Tschopp, L Crump, B Bonfoh, E Schelling
Animal diseases and zoonoses abound among pastoralist livestock, which is composed of cattle, sheep, goats, yak, camels, llamas, reindeer, horses and donkeys. There is endemic and, periodically, epidemic transmission of highly contagious viral and bacterial diseases in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Pastoralist livestock is often multiparasitised with endo- and ectoparasites, as well as being affected by vectorborne viral and protozoal diseases. Pastoral livestock can be a reservoir of such diseases and can also, conversely, be at risk from exposure to wildlife reservoirs...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917987/the-future-of-pastoralism-an-introduction
#15
J Zinsstag, E Schelling, B Bonfoh, L Crump, S KrÄtli
Two-thirds of the agricultural land on planet Earth is grassland on which no other crops can be grown, either because of limited rainfall, high altitude or mountainous conditions. Most of these semi-arid and high-altitude pastoral ecosystems are used by livestock husbandry systems with various forms of mobility and are not in competition with crop production for human nutrition. By devoting an issue of its Scientific and Technical Review to pastoralism, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is encouraging debate on this important topic and helping to shape the future of pastoralists and their livestock...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917983/conflicts-security-and-marginalisation-institutional-change-of-the-pastoral-commons-in-a-glocal-world
#16
T Haller, H Van Dijk, M Bollig, C Greiner, N Schareika, C Gabbert
This paper argues that pastoral commons are under increasing pressure not just from overuse by pastoralists themselves, but from land management policies. Since colonial times, these have been based on a persistent misconception of the nature of pastoral economies and combined with increasing land alienation and fragmentation through government policies and covert privatisation of pastures. The paper focuses especially on pastoral populations in African drylands and is based on long-term research by independent researchers summarising some of their experiences in western, eastern and southern Africa...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917972/pastoralism-in-the-drylands-of-latin-america-argentina-chile-mexico-and-peru
#17
J M Grünwaldt, G Castellaro, E R Flores, C R Morales-Nieto, R D Valdez-Cepeda, J C Guevera, E G Grünwaldt
This article discusses various aspects of pastoralism in the Latin American countries with the largest dryland areas. The topics covered include: social, economic and institutional issues; grasslands and their carrying capacity; production systems and productivity rates; competition for forage resources between domestic livestock and wildlife; and the health status of livestock and wildlife. Most grasslands exhibit some degree of degradation. The percentage of offspring reaching weaning age is low: 47-66% of calves and 40-80% of lambs...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917960/a-vision-for-the-future-of-pastoralism
#18
J Zinsstag, B Bonfoh, G Zinsstag, L Crump, I O Alfaroukh, M F Abakar, J Kasymbekov, Z Baljinnyam, K Liechti, M A Seid, E Schelling
Pastoral regions are challenged by social and ecological changes. Yet, there is increasingly robust evidence that pastoralism is a viable and sustainable livelihood and that pastoralists play a role in attaining the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this issue of the Scientific and Technical Review of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the authors take a broad view of pastoralism and pastoral livestock production from a number of different perspectives, taking into account societal and ecological viewpoints as well as issues of animal and human health...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917958/functional-complexity-emerging-from-anatomical-constraints-in-the-brain-the-significance-of-network-modularity-and-rich-clubs
#19
Gorka Zamora-López, Yuhan Chen, Gustavo Deco, Morten L Kringelbach, Changsong Zhou
The large-scale structural ingredients of the brain and neural connectomes have been identified in recent years. These are, similar to the features found in many other real networks: the arrangement of brain regions into modules and the presence of highly connected regions (hubs) forming rich-clubs. Here, we examine how modules and hubs shape the collective dynamics on networks and we find that both ingredients lead to the emergence of complex dynamics. Comparing the connectomes of C. elegans, cats, macaques and humans to surrogate networks in which either modules or hubs are destroyed, we find that functional complexity always decreases in the perturbed networks...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917770/evaluating-point-of-care-testing-for-glycosylated-haemoglobin-in-public-sector-primary-care-facilities-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#20
R Mash, A Ugoagwu, C Vos, M Rensburg, R Erasmus
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus contributes significantly to the burden of disease in South Africa (SA). Monitoring of glycaemic control with glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is recommended, even though current laboratory-based testing does not support immediate clinical decision-making. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the costs and consequences for quality of care by introducing point-of-care (POC) testing for HbA1c for patients with type 2 diabetes at community health centres in Cape Town, SA...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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