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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826781/clitoria-ternatea-flower-petals-effect-on-tnfr1-neutralization-via-downregulation-of-synovial-matrix-metalloproteases
#1
Rana Adhikary, Sahin Sultana, Biswadev Bishayi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clitoria ternatea Linn. (C. ternatea) is a traditionally used herb in arthritis, and its anti-arthritic activity has been attributed to polyphenols (e.g. quercetins) from its flower petal. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to investigate whether C. ternatea or quercetin-3ß-D-glucoside (QG) support the antibody mediated TNFα-receptor 1 (TNFR1) neutralization to ameliorate arthritis in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in male Swiss mice (20-22g, 3-4 weeks of age) was followed by estimation of synovial polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) accumulation (in terms of myeloperoxidase activity), synovial and systemic release of cytokines, chemokines and C-reactive protein (CRP) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), biochemical estimation of synovial free radical generation and antioxidant status, as well as immunoblot assessment of synovial TNFR1, toll-like receptor 2(TLR2), cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression; and zymographic analysis of synovial matrix-metalloprotease-2 (MMP-2) activity...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818511/vitamin-d-enhances-antiepileptic-and-cognitive-effects-of-lamotrigine-in-pentylenetetrazole-kindled-rats
#2
Ali F Abdel-Wahab, Mohamed A Afify, Amal M Mahfouz, Naiyer Shahzad, Ghazi A Bamagous, Saeed S Al Ghamdi
Despite long use of antiepileptic drugs, it remains a challenge to achieve seizure control while reducing adverse effects and preventing cognitive impairment. Several lines of evidence suggest a role of vitamin D in epilepsy. So this study aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D on epileptogenesis, cognitive dysfunction and antiepileptic activity of lamotrigine, in a rat model of chemical kindling. Rats were kindled by pentylenetetrazole injections every other day over four weeks, together with daily oral treatment by either vehicle, vitamin D, lamotrigine or combination of vitamin D and lamotrigine...
August 14, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811831/potent-phosphodiesterase-inhibition-and-nitric-oxide-release-stimulation-of-anti-impotence-thai-medicinal-plants-from-manosroi-iii-database
#3
Aranya Manosroi, Theeraphong Tangjai, Charinya Chankhampan, Worapaka Manosroi, Yaravee Najarut, Worapong Kitdamrongtham, Jiradej Manosroi
Seven plants in the top rank were selected from the "MANOSROI III" database using the two Thai keywords which meant impotence and sexual tonic. Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. extract [EDP1-001(1)] gave the highest PDE inhibition activity of 4.36-fold sildenafil, a standard anti-impotence drug. Plumbago indica Linn. extract [EDP2-001(1)] exhibited the highest NO release stimulation activity of 666.85% which was 1.50-fold acetylcholine, a standard drug. Most selected plant extracts were nontoxic to EA.hy926 cells at 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809932/rem-sleep-deprivation-induces-endothelial-dysfunction-and-hypertension-in-middle-aged-rats-roles-of-the-enos-no-cgmp-pathway-and-supplementation-with-l-arginine
#4
Jiaye Jiang, Zhongyuan Gan, Yuan Li, Wenqi Zhao, Hanqing Li, Jian-Pu Zheng, Yan Ke
Sleep loss can induce or aggravate the development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon is poorly understood. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of REM sleep deprivation on blood pressure in rats and the underlying mechanisms of these effects. After Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to REM sleep deprivation for 5 days, their blood pressures and endothelial function were measured. In addition, one group of rats was given continuous access to L-arginine supplementation (2% in distilled water) for the 5 days before and the 5 days of REM sleep deprivation to reverse sleep deprivation-induced pathological changes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809782/dietary-supplementation-of-honey-bee-larvae-with-arginine-and-abscisic-acid-enhances-nitric-oxide-and-granulocyte-immune-responses-after-trauma
#5
Pedro Negri, Leonor Ramirez, Silvina Quintana, Nicolás Szawarski, Matías Maggi, Yves Le Conte, Lorenzo Lamattina, Martin Eguaras
Many biotic and abiotic stressors impact bees' health, acting as immunosupressors and contribute to colony losses. Thus, the importance of studying the immune response of honey bees is central to develop new strategies aiming to enhance bees' fitness to confront the threats affecting them. If a pathogen breaches the physical and chemical barriers, honey bees can protect themselves from infection with cellular and humoral immune responses which represent a second line of defense. Through a series of correlative studies we have previously reported that abscisic acid (ABA) and nitric oxide (NO) share roles in the same immune defenses of Apis mellifera (A...
August 15, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799895/arginine-and-aerobic-training-prevent-endothelial-and-metabolic-alterations-in-rats-at-high-risk-for-the-development-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Renata F Medeiros, Thaiane G Gaique, Thais Bento-Bernardes, Raquel Kindlovits, Tamiris M B Gomes, Nadia Alice V Motta, Fernanda Carla Brito, Caroline Fernandes-Santos, Karen J Oliveira, Antonio Claudio L Nóbrega
Endothelial function is a key mechanism in the development of CVD. Arginine and exercise are important non-pharmacological strategies for mitigating the impact of metabolic changes in the metabolic syndrome, but the effect of their combined administration is unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the isolated and combined effects of aerobic training and arginine supplementation on metabolic variables and vascular reactivity in rats at high risk for developing the metabolic syndrome. Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control and fructose (F - water with 10 % fructose)...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797292/the-ethanol-extract-of-aquilariae-lignum-ameliorates-hippocampal-oxidative-stress-in-a-repeated-restraint-stress-mouse-model
#7
Hyun-Yong Lee, Jin-Seok Lee, Hyeong-Geug Kim, Won-Yong Kim, Seung-Bae Lee, Yung-Hyun Choi, Chang-Gue Son
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress contributes to the development of brain disorders, such as neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases. Oxidative damage is well known as a causative factor for pathogenic process in brain tissues. The aim of this study is to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of a 30% ethanol extract of Aquilariae Lignum (ALE) in repeated stress-induced hippocampal oxidative injury. METHODS: Fifty BALB/c male mice (12 weeks old) were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10)...
August 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789663/inorganic-nitrate-as-a-treatment-for-acute-heart-failure-a-protocol-for-a-single-center-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#8
Roman Falls, Michael Seman, Sabine Braat, Joshua Sortino, Jason D Allen, Christopher J Neil
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a frequent reason for hospitalization worldwide and effective treatment options are limited. It is known that AHF is a condition characterized by impaired vasorelaxation, together with reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, an endogenous vasodilatory compound. Supplementation of inorganic sodium nitrate (NaNO3) is an indirect dietary source of NO, through bioconversion. It is proposed that oral sodium nitrate will favorably affect levels of circulating NO precursors (nitrate and nitrite) in AHF patients, resulting in reduced systemic vascular resistance, without significant hypotension...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770018/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-attenuates-septic-myocardial-dysfunction-via-enos-no-pathway-in-rats
#9
Ni Zeng, Junmei Xu, Weifeng Yao, Suobei Li, Wei Ruan, Feng Xiao
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction increases mortality in sepsis, yet the underlying mechanism is unclear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been found to enhance cardiomyocyte function, but whether BDNF has a beneficial effect against septic myocardial dysfunction is unknown. Septic shock was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). BDNF was expressed in primary cardiomyocytes, and its expression was significantly reduced after sepsis. In rats with sepsis, a sharp decline in survival was observed after CLP, with significantly reduced cardiac BDNF expression, enhanced myocardial fibrosis, elevated oxidative stress, increased myocardial apoptosis, and decreased endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and NO...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769873/targeting-obesity-and-diabetes-to-treat-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#10
REVIEW
Raffaele Altara, Mauro Giordano, Einar S Nordén, Alessandro Cataliotti, Mazen Kurdi, Saeed N Bajestani, George W Booz
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a major unmet medical need that is characterized by the presence of multiple cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular comorbidities. Foremost among these comorbidities are obesity and diabetes, which are not only risk factors for the development of HFpEF, but worsen symptoms and outcome. Coronary microvascular inflammation with endothelial dysfunction is a common denominator among HFpEF, obesity, and diabetes that likely explains at least in part the etiology of HFpEF and its synergistic relationship with obesity and diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764150/modulation-of-lung-function-by-increased-nitric-oxide-production
#11
Md Nazrul Islam, Ram Lochan Yadav, Prakash Kumar Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking reduces endogenous Nitric Oxide (NO) production by reducing Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) activity, which is one of the probable reason for increased rate of pulmonary diseases in smokers. Nitric oxide/oxygen blends are used in critical care to promote capillary and pulmonary dilation to treat several pulmonary vascular diseases. Among several supplements, the highest NOS activation has been proved for garlic with its unique mechanism of action. AIM: To investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of NO producing garlic on pulmonary function of smokers...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763751/berberine-ameliorates-methotrexate-induced-liver-injury-by-activating-nrf2-ho-1-pathway-and-ppar%C3%AE-and-suppressing-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#12
Ayman M Mahmoud, Walaa G Hozayen, Shimaa M Ramadan
Berberine (BBR) is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with very impressive health benefits. It is one of the most effective natural supplements available; however, its ameliorative mechanism against methotrexate (MTX)-induced liver injury is not well defined. This study investigated the protective effect of BBR against MTX hepatotoxicity, focusing on its ability to attenuate oxidative stress and apoptosis and to activate nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ)...
July 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763467/effects-of-tnf-%C3%AE-on-penile-structure-alteration-in-rats-with-hyperprolactinemia
#13
Zhong-Lin Wang, Ling-Yu Yang, Hong-Huan Chen, Hsiao-Hsin Lin, Yi-Ting Tsai, William J Huang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antibody (Ab) on alteration of penile structure in the hyperprolactinemia (hyperPRL) rat model. HyperPRL was induced in 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats by allografting anterior pituitary (AP) glands under the renal capsule (+AP rats). Rats implanted with cerebral cortex (CX) were used as sham control (+CX rats). At 6 weeks post implantation, rats received either a single intra-testicular dose of TNF-α Ab (12.5 μg/kg) or testosterone replacement (2 doses of testosterone enanthate [TE], 3 mg/kg), and they were sacrificed 1 week later...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752930/oral-administration-of-grifola-frondosa-polysaccharides-improves-memory-impairment-in-aged-rats-via-antioxidant-action
#14
Zhaoxia Chen, Yanan Tang, Along Liu, Xiaobao Jin, Jiayong Zhu, Xuemei Lu
SCOPE: Grifola frondosa is an edible/medicinal mushroom with great nutritional value and bioactivity. The present study was performed to evaluate the beneficial effect of polysaccharides isolated from Grifola frondosa on memory impairment in aged rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: 20-month-old rats were gavaged with Grifola frondosa polysaccharides (GFP) for 8 weeks. Morris Water Maze test revealed that GFP administration significantly improved memory impairment in aged rats...
July 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752522/pentoxifylline-increases-the-level-of-nitric-oxide-produced-by-human-spermatozoa
#15
S A Banihani, R F Abu-Alhayjaa, Z O Amarin, K H Alzoubi
Pentoxifylline (PF) is a xanthine derivative drug primarily used to treat peripheral vascular disorders. It is currently used in assisted reproductive technologies to enhance human sperm motility. However, the mechanism by which this enhancement occurs is not fully understood. Given that nitric oxide has been identified as a trigger to sperm motion, we asked whether nitric oxide modulates the stimulatory effect of PF on sperm motility. A total of 41 semen samples from infertile males were studied. Nitric oxide production in the presence of 5 mm PF was tested using different bio-analytical methods (spectrophotometry, fluorometry and fluorescence microscopy)...
July 28, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750642/cmr-fluoroscopy-right-heart-catheterization-for-cardiac-output-and-pulmonary-vascular-resistance-results-in-102-patients
#16
Toby Rogers, Kanishka Ratnayaka, Jaffar M Khan, Annette Stine, William H Schenke, Laurie P Grant, Jonathan R Mazal, Elena K Grant, Adrienne Campbell-Washburn, Michael S Hansen, Rajiv Ramasawmy, Daniel A Herzka, Hui Xue, Peter Kellman, Anthony Z Faranesh, Robert J Lederman
BACKGROUND: Quantification of cardiac output and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) are critical components of invasive hemodynamic assessment, and can be measured concurrently with pressures using phase contrast CMR flow during real-time CMR guided cardiac catheterization. METHODS: One hundred two consecutive patients underwent CMR fluoroscopy guided right heart catheterization (RHC) with simultaneous measurement of pressure, cardiac output and pulmonary vascular resistance using CMR flow and the Fick principle for comparison...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750402/zinc-depletion-by-tpen-induces-apoptosis-in-human-acute-promyelocytic-nb4-cells
#17
Bo Zhu, Jiayu Wang, Feng Zhou, Yingting Liu, Yueyang Lai, Jie Wang, Xiao Chen, Dianhua Chen, Lan Luo, Zi-Chun Hua
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effects of zinc signaling on proliferation or apoptosis of leukemia cells remain elusive. In the present study, we used N, N, N', N'-tetrakis-(2-pyridylmethyl)-ethylene-diamine (TPEN), a membrane-permeable zinc chelator, to evaluate the effect of zinc depletion on survival and apoptosis of NB4 acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells. METHODS: The pro-apoptotic effects of TPEN on NB4 cells were examined by flow cytometry, and observed using an optical microscope...
July 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739973/conjugated-linoleic-acid-modulates-clinical-responses-to-oral-nitrite-and-nitrate
#18
Kara S Hughan, Stacy Gelhaus Wendell, Meghan Delmastro-Greenwood, Nicole Helbling, Catherine Corey, Landon Bellavia, Gopal Potti, George Grimes, Bret Goodpaster, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro, Sruti Shiva, Bruce A Freeman, Mark T Gladwin
Dietary NO3(-) (nitrate) and NO2(-) (nitrite) support (·)NO (nitric oxide) generation and downstream vascular signaling responses. These nitrogen oxides also generate secondary nitrosating and nitrating species that react with low molecular weight thiols, heme centers, proteins, and unsaturated fatty acids. To explore the kinetics of NO3(-)and NO2(-)metabolism and the impact of dietary lipid on nitrogen oxide metabolism and cardiovascular responses, the stable isotopes Na(15)NO3 and Na(15)NO2 were orally administered in the presence or absence of conjugated linoleic acid (cLA)...
July 24, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738845/lutein-and-zeaxanthin-isomers-modulates-lipid-metabolism-and-the-inflammatory-state-of-retina-in-obesity-induced-high-fat-diet-rodent-model
#19
Mehmet Tuzcu, Cemal Orhan, Omer Ersin Muz, Nurhan Sahin, Vijaya Juturu, Kazım Sahin
BACKGROUND: Several studies associated high-fat intakes with a high incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Lutein and Zeaxanthin isomers (L/Zi) may counteract reactive oxygen species produced by oxidative stress. The present study was conducted to determine the possible effects of L/Zi administration on lipid profile, protein genes associated with oxidative stress and inflammation pathways in the obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) in rodents. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were allocated into four groups as follows: (i) Control, (ii) Control + L/Zi, (iii) High Fat Diet (HFD), and (iv) HFD+ L/Z...
July 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736735/arginine-and-citrulline-for-the-treatment-of-melas-syndrome
#20
Ayman W El-Hattab, Mohammed Almannai, Fernando Scaglia
MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) syndrome is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disease with a broad spectrum of manifestations. In addition to impaired energy production, nitric oxide (NO) deficiency occurs in MELAS syndrome and leads to impaired blood perfusion in microvasculature that can contribute to several complications including stroke-like episodes, myopathy, and lactic acidosis. The supplementation of NO precursors, L-arginine and L-citrulline, increases NO production and hence can potentially have therapeutic utility in MELAS syndrome...
January 2017: Journal of Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Screening
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