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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823138/the-effect-of-age-genotype-and-sex-on-carcass-traits-meat-quality-and-sensory-attributes-of-geese
#1
Linda Uhlířová, Eva Tůmová, Darina Chodová, Jana Vlčková, Mohamed Ketta, Zdeněk Volek, Věra Skřivanová
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare carcass traits, meat quality and sensory attributes in two different genotypes of geese according to age and sex. Methods: The experiment was carried out on 160 birds of two genotypes of geese: the Czech Goose (CG) breed and a Eskildsen Schwer (ES) hybrid. One-d-old goslings were divided into four groups according to genotype and sex. Two dates for slaughtering (at 8 and 16 wk of age of goslings) were undertaken. Results: The slaughter weight, cold carcass weight and dressing percentage were affected by all the studied factors, and significant interactions between age, genotype and sex were detected in the slaughter weight (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823123/carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-spineless-cactus-as-a-replacement-for-sugarcane
#2
Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo, Ida Barbosa de Andrade, Stela Antas Urbano, Juraci Marcos Alves Suassuna, Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Tobias Tobit de Barros Melo
Objective: The fresh sugarcane has been a new roughage source for ruminant's in semiarid region, in function of the decadence of sugar and alcohol industry in the last years. However, the date published for lambs fed sugarcane associated with spineless cactus is scared. This study evaluated the effect of sugarcane replacement with spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100%) in the diet of Santa Inês lambs on carcass characteristics. Methods: Thirty-six non-castrated Santa Ines lambs at four months of age and an initial body weight of 22 ± 2...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822892/angiolymphoid-hyperplasia-with-eosinophilia-involving-the-common-digital-artery-of-the-hand-a-case-report-and-classification-of-upper-limb-lesions
#3
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Maha Arafah, Felwa Al-Marshad
INTRODUCTION: Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare benign reactive inflammatory lesion. The usual presentation is a single or multiple skin nodules of the head and neck. Involvement of the hand is very rare and there have been no comprehensive reviews on ALHE of the upper limb. In this paper, we report on a case involving the common digital artery of the hand. We also review the literature and offer two classification systems for upper limb lesions: One according to the primary structure involved, and the other according to the presentation with either single or multiple lesions...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822810/post-stress-metabolic-trajectories-in-young-and-old-flies
#4
Hervé Colinet, David Renault
Hallmarks of aging and age-related mortality (actuarial senescence) have received major focus in the published literature, while fewer studies have investigated functional senescence. Age-related decline in the performance of organism is particularly important for organisms exposed to environmental stress, as the range of conditions allowing physiological equilibria narrows with age (homeostenosis concept). During aging, compensatory metabolic responses might occur to maintain the redox potential and homeostasis...
August 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822787/global-regional-and-national-deaths-prevalence-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822566/human-pulp-responses-to-partial-pulpotomy-treatment-with-theracal-as-compared-with-biodentine-and-proroot-mta-a-clinical-trial
#6
Hengameh Bakhtiar, Mohammad Hossein Nekoofar, Pouyan Aminishakib, Fatemeh Abedi, Fereshteh Naghi Moosavi, Ehsan Esnaashari, Arash Azizi, Samar Esmailian, Mohammad Reza Ellini, Vahid Mesgarzadeh, Mehdi Sezavar, Imad About
INTRODUCTION: Questions exist regarding the efficacy of resin-containing materials such as TheraCal directly applied on the pulp. This study sought to investigate the clinical efficacy of TheraCal as compared with Biodentine and ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) for partial pulpotomy. METHODS: In this clinical trial, partial pulpotomy was performed for 27 sound human maxillary and mandibular third molars scheduled for extraction. The teeth were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 9) and underwent partial pulpotomy with TheraCal, Biodentine, and ProRoot MTA...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822306/xyloglucan-endotransglucosylase-hydrolases-xths-are-inactivated-by-binding-to-glass-and-cellulosic-surfaces-and-released-in-active-form-by-a-heat-stable-polymer-from-cauliflower-florets
#7
Sandra C Sharples, Tu C Nguyen-Phan, Stephen C Fry
Xyloglucan endotransglucosylase (XET) activity, which cuts and re-joins hemicellulose chains in the plant cell wall, contributing to wall assembly and growth regulation, is the major activity of XTH proteins. During purification, XTHs often lose XET activity which, however, is restored by treatment with certain cold-water-extractable, heat-stable polymers (CHPs), e.g. from cauliflower florets. It was not known whether the XTH-activating factor (XAF) present in CHPs works by promoting (e.g. allosterically) XET activity or by re-solubilising sequestered XTH proteins...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821771/thermal-acclimation-mitigates-cold-induced-paracellular-leak-from-the-drosophila-gut
#8
Heath A MacMillan, Gil Y Yerushalmi, Sima Jonusaite, Scott P Kelly, Andrew Donini
Chill susceptible insects suffer tissue damage and die at low temperatures. The mechanisms that cause chilling injury are not well understood but a growing body of evidence suggests that a cold-induced loss of ion and water homeostasis leads to hemolymph hyperkalemia that depolarizes cells, leading to cell death. The apparent root of this cascade is the net leak of osmolytes down their concentration gradients in the cold. Many insects, however, are capable of adjusting their thermal physiology, and cold-acclimated Drosophila can maintain homeostasis and avoid injury better than warm-acclimated flies...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821553/epidemiology-of-discordance-between-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye
#9
Erin S Ong, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, William J Feuer, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequent lack of association between dry eye (DE) symptoms and signs leads to challenges in diagnosing and assessing the disease. METHODS: Participants underwent ocular surface examinations to evaluate signs of disease and completed questionnaires to assess ocular symptoms, psychological status and medication use. To assess nociceptive system integrity, quantitative sensory testing (QST), including vibratory and thermal threshold measures and temporal summation of pain were obtained at the forearm and forehead...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820090/description-of-conyzicola-nivalis-sp-nov-isolated-from-glacial-snow-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-conyzicola-and-conyzicola-lurida
#10
Zhengquan Gu, Yongqin Liu, Baiqing Xu, Ninglian Wang, Liang Shen, Hongcan Liu, Yuguang Zhou, Tingting Xing, Bixi Guo, Xiaobo Liu
A cold-tolerant, translucent, yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, rod-shaped bacteria was isolated from snow of the Zadang Glacier on the Tibetan Plateau, PR China. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis indicated that the isolate was closely related to Conyzicola lurida KCTC 29231T and Leifsonia psychrotolerans DSM 22824T at a level of 97.72 and 97.49 %, respectively. Other close relatives had a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of less than 97 %. The major cell-wall amino acid was 2,4-diaminobutyric acid...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819822/endovascular-aneurysm-repair-with-balloon-thrombectomy-for-acute-thrombosis-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#11
Kensuke Uotani, Akihiro Hamanaka, Keigo Matsushiro, Erika Idaka, Kiyo Ito, Yuko Yamasaki, Takeyuki Kushima, Takaki Sugimoto, Koji Sugimoto
Acute occlusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication and is usually treated with surgical reconstruction. We present a case of acute AAA occlusion that was successfully treated by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with Fogarty balloon thrombectomy. A 77-year-old man with a history of acute myocardial ischemia presented with limb weakness and coldness. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a 42-mm-diameter infrarenal AAA that was completely thrombosed in the distal portion. The proximal neck of the aneurysm was patent, and its shape was suitable for EVAR...
August 17, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819722/carbon-and-amide-detect-backbone-assignment-methods-of-a-novel-repeat-protein-from-the-staphylocoagulase-in-s-aureus
#12
Markus Voehler, Maddur Appajaiah Ashoka, Jens Meiler, Paul E Bock
The C-terminal repeat domain of staphylocoagulase that is secreted by the S. aureus is believed to play an important role interacting with fibrinogen and promotes blood clotting. To study this interaction by NMR, full assignment of each amide residue in the HSQC spectrum was required. Despite of the short sequence of the repeat construct, the HSQC spectrum contained a substantial amount of overlapped and exchange broadened resonances, indicating little secondary or tertiary structure. This caused severe problems while using the conventional, amide based NMR method for the backbone assignment...
August 17, 2017: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819637/cigarette-smoking-and-its-hazards-in-kidney-transplantation
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil, Jackson Tan, Said Khamis, Muhammad AshhadUllah Khalil, Rabeea Azmat, Arslan Rahat Ullah
Cigarette smoking affects many organs. It causes vasoconstriction through activation of sympathetic nervous system which leads to elevation of blood pressure and reduction in glomerular filtration rate and filtration pressure. It also causes thickening of renal arterioles. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of microalbuminuria and accelerates progression of microalbuminuria to macroalbuminuria. Furthermore, it causes rapid loss of glomerular filtration rate in chronic kidney disease patients. After kidney donation, these factors may be injurious to the solitary kidney...
2017: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819550/effects-of-storage-temperature-on-airway-exosome-integrity-for-diagnostic-and-functional-analyses
#14
Rosario Maroto, Yingxin Zhao, Mohammad Jamaluddin, Vsevolod L Popov, Hongwang Wang, Madumali Kalubowilage, Yueqing Zhang, Jonathan Luisi, Hong Sun, Christopher T Culbertson, Stefan H Bossmann, Massoud Motamedi, Allan R Brasier
Background: Extracellular vesicles contain biological molecules specified by cell-type of origin and modified by microenvironmental changes. To conduct reproducible studies on exosome content and function, storage conditions need to have minimal impact on airway exosome integrity. Aim: We compared surface properties and protein content of airway exosomes that had been freshly isolated vs. those that had been treated with cold storage or freezing. Methods: Mouse bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) exosomes purified by differential ultracentrifugation were analysed immediately or stored at +4°C or -80°C...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819449/self-assembly-dna-polyplex-vaccine-inside-dissolving-microneedles-for-high-potency-intradermal-vaccination
#15
Jing-Fong Liao, Jin-Ching Lee, Chun-Kuang Lin, Kuo-Chen Wei, Pin-Yuan Chen, Hung-Wei Yang
The strong immunogenicity induction is the powerful weapon to prevent the virus infections. This study demonstrated that one-step synthesis of DNA polyplex vaccine in microneedle (MN) patches can induce high immunogenicity through intradermal vaccination and increase the vaccine stability for storage outside the cold chain. More negative charged DNA vaccine was entrapped into the needle region of MNs followed by DNA polyplex formation with branched polyethylenimine (bPEI) pre-coated in the cavities of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) molds that can deliver more DNA vaccine to immune-cell rich epidermis with high transfection efficiency...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819216/identification-of-endogenous-reference-genes-for-rt-qpcr-expression-analysis-in-urochloa-brizantha-under-abiotic-stresses
#16
Luciana Midori Takamori, Alyne Valéria Carrion Pereira, Gustavo Maia Souza, Luiz Gonzaga Esteves Vieira, Alessandra Ferreira Ribas
Urochloa brizantha is one of the most important warm season forage grasses in tropical countries. Despite its importance, there are few studies on gene expression in this species under stressful conditions. Real-time (RT-qPCR) is an accurate technique for gene quantification analysis, but reference genes must be validated under the same conditions used to assess the expression of the target genes. Here, we evaluated the stability of nine reference genes: Actin 12, Eukaryotic initiation factor 4 A, Elongation factor-1 alpha, FTSH protease 4, U2 auxiliary fator, Succinol Co-enzyme A, Tubulin alfa-5, Tubulin beta-6, Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819173/disentangling-the-coupling-between-sea-ice-and-tundra-productivity-in-svalbard
#17
Marc Macias-Fauria, Stein Rune Karlsen, Bruce C Forbes
The rapid decline in Arctic sea ice poses urgent questions concerning its ecological effects, such as on tundra terrestrial productivity. However, reported sea ice/terrestrial productivity linkages have seldom been constrained, and the mechanism governing them remains elusive, with a diversity of spatial scales and metrics proposed, at times in contradiction to each other. In this study, we use spatially explicit remotely sensed sea ice concentration and high-resolution terrestrial productivity estimates (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index, NDVI) across the Svalbard Archipelago to describe local/sub-regional and large-scale components of sea ice/terrestrial productivity coupling...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819008/effect-of-a-patent-foramen-ovale-in-humans-on-thermal-responses-to-passive-cooling-and-heating
#18
James T Davis, Madeline W Hay, Alyssa M Hardin, Matthew D White, Andrew T Lovering
Humans with a patent foramen ovale (PFO) have a higher esophageal temperature (Tesoph) than humans without a PFO (PFO-) . Thus, the presence of a PFO might also be associated with differences in thermal responsiveness to passive cooling and heating, such as shivering and hyperpnea, respectively. The purpose of this study was to determine if thermal responses to passive cooling and heating are different between PFO- subjects and subjects with a PFO (PFO+). We hypothesized that compared to PFO- subjects, PFO+ subjects would cool down more rapidly and heat up slower, and PFO+ subjects that experienced thermal hyperpnea would have a blunted increase in ventilation...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818969/distinct-phases-of-polycomb-silencing-to-hold-epigenetic-memory-of-cold-in-arabidopsis
#19
Hongchun Yang, Scott Berry, Tjelvar S G Olsson, Matthew Hartley, Martin Howard, Caroline Dean
Gene silencing by Polycomb complexes is central to eukaryotic development. Cold-induced epigenetic repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) in the plant Arabidopsis provides an opportunity to study initiation and maintenance of Polycomb silencing. Here, we show that a subset of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 factors nucleate silencing in a small region within FLC, locally increasing H3K27me3 levels. This nucleation confers a silenced state that is metastably inherited, with memory held in the local chromatin. Metastable memory is then converted to stable epigenetic silencing through separate Polycomb factors, which spread across the locus after cold to enlarge the domain containing H3K27me3...
August 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818755/biochemical-abnormalities-in-basal-ganglia-and-executive-dysfunction-in-acute-and-euthymic-episode-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#20
Shunkai Lai, Shuming Zhong, Xiaoxiao Liao, Ying Wang, Jingyu Huang, Shanhong Zhang, Yao Sun, Hui Zhao, Yanbin Jia
BACKGROUND: Recent studies found abnormal biochemical metabolism and executive cognitive deficits in acute bipolar disorder (BD). However, the evidence concerning in euthymic BD is limited. Thus, a comparison between acute and euthymic BD is conductive to better understanding the association between cognition and the outcome of neuroimaging. This study sought to investigate the relationship between the executive function and the biochemical metabolism in acute- and euthymic-episode BD patients and delineate the prominent endophenotype of BD...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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