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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149262/a-food-environments-feedback-system-foodback-for-empowering-citizens-and-change-agents-to-create-healthier-community-food-places
#1
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Rachel Williams, Essa Tawfiq, Boyd Swinburn
This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was constructed to crowdsource key indicators of the healthiness of diverse community food places (i...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149116/solving-the-problem-of-smoking-in-the-polish-enterprises-during-2003-2015
#2
Elżbieta Korzeniowska, Krzysztof Puchalski
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking is a major organizational, economical, and public relations-related (PR-related) problem for the company. Moreover, it is an important health determinant of the working population. The paper reports the results of the research which analyzed the current state and the tobacco control activities' transformations undertaken by Polish employers between 2003 and 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data comes from the research performed in 2006, 2010 and 2015, involving random- selected representative samples of Polish enterprises, employing no fewer than 50 employees...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148866/drugs-of-abuse-and-novel-psychoactive-substances-at-outdoor-music-festivals-in-colorado
#3
Jacob Fox, Alexis Smith, Alexander Yale, Christopher Chow, Elsa Alaswad, Tracy Cushing, Andrew A Monte
BACKGROUND: Drugs of abuse (DOA) are widely used in the United States and are ubiquitous at outdoor music festivals. Attendees at music festivals are at high-risk for novel psychoactive substance (NPS) use, which is becoming more prevalent worldwide. No U.S. studies have employed an qualitative approach to investigate the etiologies of both traditional DOA and NPS use amongst music festival attendees. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to improve understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of festival attendees using NPS and DOA...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147456/prevalence-of-sun-protection-at-outdoor-recreation-and-leisure-venues-at-resorts-in-north-america
#4
Barbara J Walkosz, Michael D Scott, David B Buller, Peter A Andersen, Larry Beck, Gary R Cutter
Background: Exposure to solar ultra violet radiation (UVR) is a primary risk factor for skin cancer. Vacationers often fail to protect themselves from harmful UVR. Purpose: The study assessed the sun protection practices of resort guests in various outdoor leisure and recreation venues during warm-weather seasons. Method: 41 North American resorts were enrolled in a quasi-experimental randomized controlled trial. Adult guests were observed (n=4091) and surveyed (n=3694) in a cross sectional sample...
2017: American Journal of Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147121/ambient-air-pollution-and-daily-hospital-admissions-for-cardiovascular-diseases-in-arak-iran
#5
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Outdoor air pollution has been considered as one of the most serious health concerns over the last decade. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular hospital admissions. METHODS: This investigation was carried out from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015, in the urban population of Arak, Iran. Daily records of concentrations of air pollutants including particulate matter less than 10 µm (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter less than 2...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146075/persistent-organic-pollutant-emission-via-dust-deposition-throughout-pakistan-spatial-patterns-regional-cycling-and-their-implication-for-human-health-risks
#6
Muhammad Sohail, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani, Joel Podgorski, Avit Kumar Bhowmik, Adeel Mahmood, Nadeem Ali, Tara Sabo-Attwood, Habib Bokhari, Heqing Shen
In the current study, Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in outdoor dustfall was monitored for the first time along the Indus river system of Pakistan. Among the studied OCPs (ng/g, dry weight), DDTs (0.16-62) were the predominant contaminants identified in deposited dust followed by HCHs (0.1-10.2), HCB (0.09-7.4) and chlordanes (0.1-2.8). The indicative diagnostic ratio for DDTs and HCHs suggested recent emission of DDTs as well as historical emission of both chemicals in regions where they were used for crop protection and malarial control...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146008/heat-and-pregnancy-related-emergencies-risk-of-placental-abruption-during-hot-weather
#7
Siyi He, Tom Kosatsky, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Nathalie Auger
INTRODUCTION: Outdoor heat increases the risk of preterm birth and stillbirth, but the association with placental abruption has not been studied. Placental abruption is a medical emergency associated with major morbidity and mortality in pregnancy. We determined the relationship between ambient temperature and risk of placental abruption in warm seasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a case-crossover analysis of 17,172 women whose pregnancies were complicated by placental abruption in Quebec, Canada from May to October 1989-2012...
November 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145504/quantifying-performance-on-an-outdoor-agility-drill-using-foot-mounted-inertial-measurement-units
#8
Antonia M Zaferiou, Lauro Ojeda, Stephen M Cain, Rachel V Vitali, Steven P Davidson, Leia Stirling, Noel C Perkins
Running agility is required for many sports and other physical tasks that demand rapid changes in body direction. Quantifying agility skill remains a challenge because measuring rapid changes of direction and quantifying agility skill from those measurements are difficult to do in ways that replicate real task/game play situations. The objectives of this study were to define and to measure agility performance for a (five-cone) agility drill used within a military obstacle course using data harvested from two foot-mounted inertial measurement units (IMUs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145053/elucidating-the-urban-levels-sources-and-health-risks-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-pakistan-implications-for-changing-energy-demand
#9
Naima Hamid, Jabir Hussain Syed, Muhammad Junaid, Adeel Mahmood, Jun Li, Gan Zhang, Riffat Naseem Malik
Due to the severe fuel crisis in terms of natural gas, a paradigm shift in fuel combustion (diesel, gasoline, and biomass) may increase the atmospheric emissions and associated health risks in Pakistan. Present study was aimed to investigate the concentration of fugitive PAHs in the environment (outdoor and indoor settings), associated probabilistic health risk assessment in the exposed population, and possible linkage between fuel consumption patterns and PAHs emissions in twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145005/assessment-of-long-term-spatio-temporal-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure
#10
Sam Aerts, Joe Wiart, Luc Martens, Wout Joseph
As both the environment and telecommunications networks are inherently dynamic, our exposure to environmental radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) at an arbitrary location is not at all constant in time. In this study, more than a year's worth of measurement data collected in a fixed low-cost exposimeter network distributed over an urban environment was analysed and used to build, for the first time, a full spatio-temporal surrogate model of outdoor exposure to downlink Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) signals...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144433/the-influence-of-family-dog-ownership-and-parental-perceived-built-environment-measures-on-children-s-physical-activity-within-the-washington-dc-area
#11
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Cortney Grisham, Rashawn Ray
Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity are significant contributors to youth obesity in the United States. Neighborhood dog walking is an outlet for physical activity (PA). Therefore, understanding the relationship between built environment, dog ownership, and youth PA is essential. This study examined the influence of dog ownership and parental built environment perceptions on children's PA in the Washington, D.C. area. In 2014, questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents to assess family dog ownership; children's outdoor dog walking or playing; and parental perceived built environment measures...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144078/presence-of-household-mold-children-s-respiratory-health-and-school-absenteeism-cause-for-concern
#12
Eleoussa Polyzoi, Dimos Polyzois
A study examining the relationship between housing conditions, respiratory health, and school absenteeism was conducted in the city of Winnipeg in Manitoba, Canada. As part of this study, a survey was completed by 3,424 parents of children in grades 3 and 4 to determine the a) relationship between self-reported visible mold in homes and tested airborne mold; b) relationships of self-reported visible mold, tested airborne mold, and asthma and/or persistent colds; c) school absenteeism rates due to asthma and/or persistent colds; and d) children’s socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence of asthma and/or persistent colds...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143795/deep-see-joint-object-detection-tracking-and-recognition-with-application-to-visually-impaired-navigational-assistance
#13
Ruxandra Tapu, Bogdan Mocanu, Titus Zaharia
In this paper, we introduce the so-called DEEP-SEE framework that jointly exploits computer vision algorithms and deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to detect, track and recognize in real time objects encountered during navigation in the outdoor environment. A first feature concerns an object detection technique designed to localize both static and dynamic objects without any a priori knowledge about their position, type or shape. The methodological core of the proposed approach relies on a novel object tracking method based on two convolutional neural networks trained offline...
October 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143687/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-canine-and-feline-heartworm-infection-in-taiwan
#14
Ta-Li Lu, Jun-Yue Wong, Ta-Lun Tan, Yong-Wei Hung
BACKGROUND: Heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, has long been recognized in Taiwanese dogs but feline heartworm infection has been largely overlooked by veterinarians and pet owners. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and epidemiology of canine and feline heartworm infection in Taiwan. METHODS: Household dogs and cats were selected from 103 veterinary hospitals in 13 cities throughout Taiwan. All animals were at least 1 year old, had received no heartworm prevention for more than 1 year, and had lived in the same city for at least 1 year...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142178/actual-consumption-amount-of-personal-care-products-reflecting-japanese-cosmetic-habits
#15
Masahiko Yamaguchi, Daisuke Araki, Takeshi Kanamori, Yasuko Okiyama, Hirokazu Seto, Masaki Uda, Masahito Usami, Yutaka Yamamoto, Takuji Masunaga, Hitoshi Sasa
Safety assessments of cosmetics are carried out by identifying possible harmful effects of substances in cosmetic products and assessing the exposure to products containing these substances. The present study provided data on the amounts of cosmetic products consumed in Japan to enhance and complement the existing data from Europe and the United States, i.e., the West. The outcomes of this study increase the accuracy of exposure assessments and enable more sophisticated risk assessment as a part of the safety assessment of cosmetic products...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141047/is-species-richness-driving-intra-and-interspecific-interactions-and-temporal-activity-overlap-of-a-hantavirus-host-an-experimental-test
#16
André V Rubio, Ivan Castro-Arellano, James N Mills, Rurik List, Rafael Ávila-Flores, Gerardo Suzán
High species diversity of the potential animal host community for a zoonotic pathogen may reduce pathogen transmission among the most competent host, a phenomenon called the "dilution effect", but the mechanisms driving this effect have been little studied. One proposed mechanism is "encounter reduction" where host species of low-competency decrease contact rates between infected and susceptible competent hosts, especially in directly transmitted diseases. We conducted an experiment in outdoor enclosures in northwestern Mexico where we manipulated rodent assemblages to assess the effect of species richness on the frequency of intra- and interspecific interactions and activity patterns of a hantavirus reservoir host (North American deermouse; Peromyscus maniculatus)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140643/assessment-of-interventions-to-improve-air-quality-in-a-livestock-building
#17
T Renée Anthony, Anthony Y Yang, Thomas M Peters
This study examined the effectiveness of engineering controls to reduce contaminant concentrations in a swine farrowing room during winter in the U.S. Midwest. Over two winters, changes in air quality were evaluated following installation of a 1700 m3 h-1 (1000 cfm) recirculating ventilation system to provide 5.4 air exchanges per hour. This system incorporated one of two readily available dust control systems, one based on filtration and the other on cyclonic treatment. A second treatment evaluated reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) associated with replacement of standard, unvented gas-fired heaters with new vented heaters, installed between the two winter test periods...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140505/the-nrpi-multi-purpose-on-line-monitoring-station-for-measurement-of-natural-radioactivity-in-the-ambient-atmosphere-and-in-the-soil
#18
K Jílek, M Slezáková, A Fronka, T Prokop, L Neubauer
During years 2010-12 an automated, on-line and wireless outdoor measurement station of atmospheric radon, gamma dose rate and meteorological parameters was realised at the National Radiation Protection Institute (NRPI) in Prague. At the turn of the year 2013 an expansion of the existing station was completed. Under the project funded by the Czech Technological Agency a new updated station was established, additionally equipped with modules for measurement of atmospheric radon/thoron short-lived decay products, radon in water and soil and radon exhalation rate from soil...
November 13, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136746/-study-on-handgrip-strength-of-elderly-%C3%A2-60-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#19
L Q Su, Z X Yin, X C Wang, Y B Lyu, W H Shi, J Zhang, J S Luo, X M Shi
Objective: To assess the status of handgrip strength of elderly population from longevity areas in China, and to analyze the correlative factors of handgrip strength of elderly people. Methods: Data from Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) in 2012 was used, from which1 967 participants aged ≥60 years old with valid data of grip strength value from 8 Chinese longevity areas were included. Information on demographics characteristic, life style and health status was collected using questionnaires...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135927/design-and-calibration-of-a-novel-bio-inspired-pixelated-polarized-light-compass
#20
Guoliang Han, Xiaoping Hu, Junxiang Lian, Xiaofeng He, Lilian Zhang, Yujie Wang, Fengliang Dong
Animals, such as Savannah sparrows and North American monarch butterflies, are able to obtain compass information from skylight polarization patterns to help them navigate effectively and robustly. Inspired by excellent navigation ability of animals, this paper proposes a novel image-based polarized light compass, which has the advantages of having a small size and being light weight. Firstly, the polarized light compass, which is composed of a Charge Coupled Device (CCD) camera, a pixelated polarizer array and a wide-angle lens, is introduced...
November 14, 2017: Sensors
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