keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

outdoor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774295/serological-investigation-of-visceral-leishmania-infection-in-human-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-welkait-district-western-tigray-ethiopia
#1
Abrha Bsrat, Mebrahtu Berhe, Endalemaw Gadissa, Habtamu Taddele, Yohannes Tekle, Yohannes Hagos, Adugna Abera, Messele G/Micael, Tehetna Alemayhu, Getachew Gugsa, Abraham Aseffa
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is major neglected public health problem in terms of geographical spread and incidence in Ethiopia. Magnitude, public health impact and dynamics of VL were not well studied in Welkait District, Western Tigray, though the area is known for VL. Hence, this study aimed to determine sero-prevalence of human VL and associated risk factors in Welkait as new foci. A cross sectional study design was employed in this study. Two stage stratified random sampling method was used to select study participants...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774209/bringing-outdoor-therapies-into-mainstream-mental-health
#2
Ralf C Buckley, Paula Brough, Diane Westaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773927/influence-of-meteorological-factors-on-the-level-and-characteristics-of-culturable-bacteria-in-the-air-in-gliwice-upper-silesia-poland
#3
Ewa Brągoszewska, Józef S Pastuszka
Numerous studies have focused on occupational and indoor environments because people spend more than 90% of their time in them. Nevertheless, air is the main source of bacteria in indoors, and outdoor exposure is also crucial. Worldwide studies have indicated that bacterial concentrations vary among different types of outdoor environments, with considerable seasonal variations as well. Conducting comprehensive monitoring of atmospheric aerosol concentrations is very important not only for environmental management but also for the assessment of the health impacts of air pollution...
2018: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772910/qualitative-assessment-of-smoke-free-policy-implementation-in-low-income-housing-enhancing-resident-compliance
#4
Jodi Anthony, Roberta Goldman, Vaughan W Rees, Rochelle L Frounfelker, Jessica Davine, Robyn R Keske, Daniel R Brooks, Alan C Geller
PURPOSE: As public housing agencies and other low-income housing providers adopt smoke-free policies, data are needed to inform implementation approaches that support compliance. DESIGN: Focused ethnography used including qualitative interviews with staff, focus groups with residents, and property observations. SETTING: Four low-income housing properties in Massachusetts, 12 months postpolicy adoption. PARTICIPANTS: Individual interviews (n = 17) with property staff (managers, resident service coordinators, maintenance, security, and administrators) and focus groups with resident smokers (n = 28) and nonsmokers (n = 47)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772877/report-back-for-geo-referenced-environmental-data-a-case-study-on-personal-monitoring-of-temperature-in-outdoor-workers
#5
Laura Thompson, Maggie Sugg, Jennifer Runkle
Few studies have evaluated the benefits of reporting back participatory environmental monitoring results, particularly regarding participant motivation toward behavioural modification concerning workplace heat exposure. This study evaluated the individual data report-back for geo-located environmental temperature and time activity patterns in grounds maintenance crews in three geographic regions across the South-eastern United States. Surveys collected information on worker interpretation of their results and intended action(s) to reduce heat exposure...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772818/integrated-method-for-personal-thermal-comfort-assessment-and-optimization-through-users-feedback-iot-and-machine-learning-a-case-study-%C3%A2
#6
Francesco Salamone, Lorenzo Belussi, Cristian Currò, Ludovico Danza, Matteo Ghellere, Giulia Guazzi, Bruno Lenzi, Valentino Megale, Italo Meroni
Thermal comfort has become a topic issue in building performance assessment as well as energy efficiency. Three methods are mainly recognized for its assessment. Two of them based on standardized methodologies, face the problem by considering the indoor environment in steady-state conditions (PMV and PPD) and users as active subjects whose thermal perception is influenced by outdoor climatic conditions (adaptive approach). The latter method is the starting point to investigate thermal comfort from an overall perspective by considering endogenous variables besides the traditional physical and environmental ones...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772763/levels-of-nature-and-stress-response
#7
Alan Ewert, Yun Chang
A growing number of studies have shown that visiting green spaces and being exposed to natural environments can reduce psychological stress. A number of questions concerning the effects of natural environments on levels of stress remain including, "Are activities engaged in natural environments more or less beneficial at reducing stress when compared to those done in more urban settings?" This study examined this question from the perspective of "levels of nature". That is, data on levels of stress were collected from three sites, one site having wilderness-like characteristics, a second site representing a municipal-type park, and a third site representing a built environment (indoor exercise facility) within a city...
May 17, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772513/a-transition-to-white-led-increases-ecological-impacts-of-nocturnal-illumination-on-aquatic-primary-producers-in-a-lowland-agricultural-drainage-ditch
#8
Maja Grubisic, Roy H A van Grunsven, Alessandro Manfrin, Michael T Monaghan, Franz Hölker
The increasing use of artificial light at night (ALAN) has led to exposure of freshwater ecosystems to light pollution worldwide. Simultaneously, the spectral composition of nocturnal illumination is changing, following the current shift in outdoor lighting technologies from traditional light sources to light emitting diodes (LED). LEDs emit broad-spectrum white light, with a significant amount of photosynthetically active radiation, and typically a high content of blue light that regulates circadian rhythms in many organisms...
May 14, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772098/insights-in-particulate-matter-induced-allergic-airway-inflammation-focus-on-the-epithelium
#9
Katrien C De Grove, Sharen Provoost, Guy G Brusselle, Guy F Joos, Tania Maes
Outdoor air pollution is a major environmental health problem throughout the world. In particular, exposure to particulate matter (PM) has been associated with the development and exacerbation of several respiratory diseases, including asthma. Although the adverse health effects of PM have been demonstrated for many years, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully identified. In this review, we focus on the role of the lung epithelium and specifically highlight multiple cytokines in PM-induced respiratory responses...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772091/sensitisation-to-outdoor-and-indoor-fungi-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-and-the-relation-to-the-occurrence-of-food-allergy-to-peanuts-and-walnuts
#10
J Čelakovská, J Bukač, K Ettler, J Vaneckova, K Ettlerova, J Krejsek
The aim of this study is the evaluation of the relation between the sensitisation to outdoor and indoor fungi and allergy to peanuts and walnuts in atopic dermatitis patients aged 14 years and older. The complete dermatological and allergological examinations were perfomed in all included patients; the occurrence of food allergy to peanuts and walnuts was recorded (specific IgE, skin prick test, history of allergic reaction) and the sensitisation to mixture of outdoor fungi and indoor fungi was examined (skin prick test, specific IgE)...
May 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770946/using-google-earth-to-assess-shade-for-sun-protection-in-urban-recreation-spaces-methods-and-results
#11
R Gage, N Wilson, L Signal, M Barr, C Mackay, A Reeder, G Thomson
Shade in public spaces can lower the risk of and sun burning and skin cancer. However, existing methods of auditing shade require travel between sites, and sunny weather conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of free computer software-Google Earth-for assessing shade in urban open spaces. A shade projection method was developed that uses Google Earth street view and aerial images to estimate shade at solar noon on the summer solstice, irrespective of the date of image capture. Three researchers used the method to separately estimate shade cover over pre-defined activity areas in a sample of 45 New Zealand urban open spaces, including 24 playgrounds, 12 beaches and 9 outdoor pools...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769075/microclimate-variables-of-the-ambient-environment-deliver-the-actual-estimates-of-the-extrinsic-incubation-period-of-plasmodium-vivax-and-plasmodium-falciparum-a-study-from-a-malaria-endemic-urban-setting-chennai-in-india
#12
Shalu Thomas, Sangamithra Ravishankaran, N A Johnson Amala Justin, Aswin Asokan, T Maria Jusler Kalsingh, Manu Thomas Mathai, Neena Valecha, Jacqui Montgomery, Matthew B Thomas, Alex Eapen
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors such as temperature, relative humidity and their daily variation influence a range of mosquito life history traits and hence, malaria transmission. The standard way of characterizing environmental factors with meteorological station data need not be the actual microclimates experienced by mosquitoes within local transmission settings. METHODS: A year-long study was conducted in Chennai, India to characterize local temperature and relative humidity (RH)...
May 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768693/coastal-ecosystems-on-a-tipping-point-global-warming-and-parasitism-combine-to-alter-community-structure-and-function
#13
Kim N Mouritsen, Mikkel M Sørensen, Robert Poulin, Brian L Fredensborg
Mounting evidence suggests that the transmission of certain parasites is facilitated by increasing temperatures, causing their host population to decline. However, no study has yet addressed how temperature and parasitism may combine to shape the functional structure of a whole host community in the face of global warming. Here, we apply an outdoor mesocosm approach supported by field surveys to elucidate this question in a diverse intertidal community of amphipods infected by the pathogenic microphallid trematode, Maritrema novaezealandensis...
May 16, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768623/entomological-investigation-of-japanese-encephalitis-outbreak-in-malkangiri-district-of-odisha-state-india
#14
Sudhansu Sekhar Sahu, Smrutidhara Dash, Thankachy Sonia, Subramaniam Muthukumaravel, Thirumal Sankari, Kasinathan Gunasekaran, Purushothaman Jambulingam
BACKGROUND: A severe outbreak of Japanese encephalitis (JE) and acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high case fatality was reported from Malkangiri district of Odisha state, India during September to November 2016 affecting 336 children with 103 deaths. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outbreak in the light of entomological determinants. METHODS: Entomological investigation was carried out in 48 villages from four mostly affected Community Health Centres (CHCs) of Malkangiri district...
May 14, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767826/accidental-or-intentional-exposure-to-potentially-toxic-medications-natural-toxins-and-chemicals-during-pregnancy-analysis-of-data-from-tox-info-suisse
#15
Tabea Vogel, Saskia Lüde, Rahel Baumgartner, Christine Rauber-Lüthy, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: Affected women and health professionals are still often unsure about how to react to exposures to potentially harmful agents during pregnancy. We wanted to find out which agents worry both pregnant women and professionals, under what circumstances the exposures take place, how they are currently dealt with and how serious they are. METHODS: Making use of the archives of Tox Info Suisse, the foundation that provides poisons information in Switzerland both for members of the general public and for healthcare professionals, we set up an analysis of exposures to possibly harmful agents during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767336/-contribution-of-natural-spaces-to-human-health-and-wellbeing
#16
REVIEW
Thomas Claßen, Maxie Bunz
Natural spaces and especially urban green and blue spaces have been recognised for a long time as spaces with great potential for protecting and promoting human health and well-being. They may affect human physical, mental and social health and well-being in various ways. On one hand, this comes to pass through reduction and moderation of potential environmental health risks (e. g. noise, particulate matter, heat), psycho-physiological effects of nature experience, as well as physical effects of exposure to natural compounds and elements...
May 16, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766431/the-indoor-outdoor-characteristics-of-water-soluble-ion-in-pm-2-5-in-tianjin-wintertime
#17
Baoqing Wang, Honghong Niu, Bowei Liu, Xinxin Hu, Zihui Ren
The indoor and outdoor PM2.5 mass concentration, water-soluble ion by filter sampler was analyzed on December 3-21, 2015 during wintertime in Tianjin, China. The results indicate that high humidity conditions result in the accumulation of atmospheric pollutants and reduce atmosphere visibility. The I/O ratio for PM2.5 concentration in dormitory and lab are less than 1 in haze days. Indoor PM2.5 concentration increases rapidly with outdoor PM2.5 concentration increasing in haze days. The filtration factors of the dormitory and lab indicate nearly half of the outdoor PM2...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765211/usability-and-acceptability-of-technology-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Torhild Holthe, Liv Halvorsrud, Dag Karterud, Kari-Anne Hoel, Anne Lund
Background: The objective of this review was to obtain an overview of the technologies that have been explored with older adults with mild cognitive impairment and dementia (MCI/D), current knowledge on the usability and acceptability of such technologies, and how people with MCI/D and their family carers (FCs) were involved in these studies. Materials and methods: Primary studies published between 2007 and 2017 that explored the use of technologies for community-dwelling people with MCI/D were identified through five databases: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, AMED, and CINAHL...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764539/effect-of-chronic-social-stress-on-prenatal-transfer-of-antitetanus-immunity-in-captive-breeding-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#19
Rachelle L Stammen, Joyce K Cohen, Tracy L Meeker, Maria M Crane, Rama R Amara, Sakeenah L Hicks, Jerrold S Meyer, Kelly F Ethun
Because tetanus can cause significant morbidity and mortality in NHP, colonywide vaccination with tetanus toxoid is recommendedfor outdoor breeding colonies of rhesus macaques, with primary immunizations commonly given to infants at 6 mo of age followed by booster vaccines every 10 y. Maternal antibodies are thought to offer protective immunity to infants younger than 6 mo. However, historical colony data from the Yerkes National Primate Research Center show a higher incidence of tetanus among infants (≤ 6 mo old) born to subordinate dams...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763819/estimation-of-personal-ozone-exposure-using-ambient-concentrations-and-influencing-factors
#20
Yue Niu, Jing Cai, Yongjie Xia, Haofei Yu, Renjie Chen, Zhijing Lin, Cong Liu, Chen Chen, Weidong Wang, Li Peng, Xiaoling Xia, Qingyan Fu, Haidong Kan
Evidence is limited regarding whether ambient monitoring can properly represent personal ozone exposure. We conducted a longitudinal panel study to measure personal exposure to ozone using real-time personal ozone monitors. Corresponding ambient ozone concentrations and possible influencing factors (meteorological conditions and activity patterns) were also collected. We used linear mixed-effect models to analyze personal-ambient ozone concentration associations and possible influencing factors. Ambient ozone concentrations were around two to three times higher than personal ozone (43...
May 12, 2018: Environment International
keyword
keyword
91552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"