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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551936/-a-prospective-study-to-increase-the-awareness-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-internal-medicine-wards
#1
Shikma Visberg, Nagam Hatib, Shira Ginsberg, Amal Nassar, Elad Schiff, Yaniv Dotan
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) events are a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients and 50-75% of the events occur in internal medicine wards. Despite the proven efficiency of prophylactic treatments, their usage in hospitals is underutilized. Multiple studies have shown that only 30-50% of the high risk VTE patients are treated prophylactically. Interventional programs were shown to significantly increase the awareness and hence, the percent of patients treated...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551493/residential-greenness-and-adiposity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#2
Chinmoy Sarkar
BACKGROUND: With the rapid urbanization and prevailing obesity pandemic, the role of residential green exposures in obesity prevention has gained renewed focus. The study investigated the effects of residential green exposures on adiposity using a large and diverse population sample drawn from the UK Biobank. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional study of 333,183 participants aged 38-73years with individual-level data on residential greenness and built environment exposures...
May 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551469/peak-medial-but-not-lateral-hamstring-activity-is-significantly-lower-during-stance-phase-of-running-an-emg-investigation-using-a-reduced-gravity-treadmill
#3
Clint Hansen, Einar Einarson, Athol Thomson, Rodney Whiteley
The hamstrings are seen to work during late swing phase (presumably to decelerate the extending shank) then during stance phase (presumably stabilizing the knee and contributing to horizontal force production during propulsion) of running. A better understanding of this hamstring activation during running may contribute to injury prevention and performance enhancement (targeting the specific role via specific contraction mode). Twenty active adult males underwent surface EMG recordings of their medial and lateral hamstrings while running on a reduced gravity treadmill...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551237/impact-of-%C3%AE-irradiation-on-physicochemical-properties-of-freeze-dried-amorphophallus-paeoniifolius-flour
#4
M Suriya, C Rethina, Mudasir Bashir, Chagam Koteswara Reddy, N Harsha, Sundaramoorthy Haripriya
Freeze dried raw (FDR) and freeze dried blanched (FDB) Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flours were irradiated at doses of 3, 6 and 12kGy. The irradiated flours were investigated for physicochemical, pasting, textural, thermal and morphological properties. Reduction in amylose content was observed with increasing irradiation dose. Carboxyl content of the flours increased significantly at higher doses. Decline in lightness (L(∗)) and increase in redness (a(∗)) were found to increase with the elevation of dosage...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551180/effect-of-dietary-quebracho-tannin-extract-on-milk-fatty-acid-composition-in-cows
#5
Anika Henke, Edwin Westreicher-Kristen, Joachim Molkentin, Uta Dickhoefer, Karin Knappstein, Mario Hasler, Andreas Susenbeth
The aim of this study was to examine the capacity of quebracho tannin extract (QTE) to modulate the fatty acid (FA) profile in the milk fat of cows. Fifty Holstein cows yielding 33.2 ± 8.2 kg/d of milk were divided into 2 groups. The cows were fed a basal diet with a forage-concentrate ratio of 66:34 on a dry matter (DM) basis. Diets tested were control (CON, basal diet without QTE) and basal diet plus 15 or 30 g of QTE/kg of DM (QTE15 and QTE30, respectively). Two treatments could be tested simultaneously and were arranged along 6 periods...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551147/ft-mir-supported-electrical-impedance-spectroscopy-based-study-of-sugar-adulterated-honeys-from-different-floral-origin
#6
Chirantan Das, Subhadip Chakraborty, Krishnendu Acharya, Nirmal Kumar Bera, Dipankar Chattopadhyay, Anupam Karmakar, Sanatan Chattopadhyay
This study sought to detect the presence of sucrose as an adulterant in selected honey varieties from different floral origins by employing Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) technique which has been simultaneously supported by Fourier Transform-Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-MIR) measurements to provide a rapid, robust yet simple platform for honey quality evaluation. Variation of electrical parameters such as impedance, capacitance and conductance for 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60% and 70% (w/w) sucrose syrup (SS) adulterated honey samples are analyzed and their respective current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are studied...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550975/corneo-scleral-limbal-changes-following-short-term-soft-contact-lens-wear
#7
Alejandra Consejo, Maciej M Bartuzel, D Robert Iskander
PURPOSE: To assess whether short-term soft contact lens wear alters the anterior eye surface. METHODS: Twenty-two neophyte subjects wore soft contact lenses for a period of five hours. Topography based corneo-scleral limbal radius estimates were derived from height measurements acquired with a corneo-scleral profilometer. Additionally, central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), corneal curvature radius (R) and white-to-white (WTW) diameter were acquired with an OCT-assisted biometer...
May 24, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550725/geographical-variation-and-age-related-dietary-exposure-to-arsenic-in-rice-from-bangladesh
#8
Shofiqul Islam, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, M R Islam, Ravi Naidu
An extensive number (965) of rice samples collected by household survey from 73 upazilas (i.e. sub-districts) in Bangladesh was analyzed to determine regional variation, distribution and associated health risks from arsenic (As). No previous study had conducted a study examining such a large number of rice samples. The mean and median concentrations of total As were 126μg/kg and 107μg/kg, respectively, ranging from between 3 and 680μg/kg. Importantly, total As levels of aromatic rice were significantly lower (average 58μg/kg) than non-aromatic rice (average 150μg/kg) and also varied with rice grain size...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550592/certolizumab-pegol-for-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis-following-inadequate-response-to-a-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitor-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#9
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Rachel Archer, John W Stevens, Edward Goka, Mark Clowes, David L Scott, Adam Young
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer (UCB Pharma) of certolizumab pegol (CZP; Cimzia(®)) to submit evidence of its clinical and cost effectiveness for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) following inadequate response to a tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi). The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
May 26, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550444/illness-perception-is-a-strong-parameter-on-anxiety-and-depression-scores-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-survivors-a-single-center-cross-sectional-study-of-turkish-patients
#10
Tulay Kus, Gokmen Aktas, Hatice Ekici, Gulcin Elboga, Sabire Djamgoz
BACKGROUND: Illness perception has been suggested to have a significant effect on anxiety and depression in cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate this on Turkish breast cancer patients with follow-up periods up to 12 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 225 patients (with 6 months to 12 years follow-up) were recruited in this cross-sectional study. The patients were divided into three groups of follow-up: 6 months-2 years, 2-5 years, and >5 years...
May 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549856/three-decades-of-managing-tomato-spotted-wilt-virus-in-peanut-in-southeastern-united-states
#11
REVIEW
R Srinivasan, M R Abney, A K Culbreath, R C Kemerait, R S Tubbs, W S Monfort, H R Pappu
Southeastern states namely Georgia, Florida, and Alabama produce two-thirds of the peanuts in the United States. Thrips-transmitted Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), which causes spotted wilt disease, has been a major impediment to peanut production for the past three decades. The cultivars grown in the 1980s were extremely susceptible to TSWV. Early yield losses extended to tens of millions of dollars each year (up to 100% loss in many fields). This situation led to the creation of an interdisciplinary team known as "SWAT: Spotted Wilt Action Team"...
May 23, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549298/divided-consumption-of-late-night-dinner-improves-glycemic-excursions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-cross-over-clinical-trial
#12
Saeko Imai, Shizuo Kajiyama, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Chikako Yamane, Takashi Miyawaki, Neiko Ozasa, Muhei Tanaka, Michiaki Fukui
AIMS: To explore the acute effect of late-night-dinner and divided dinner on postprandial glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Sixteen patients were randomly assigned to this cross-over study. Each patient wore a continuous glucose monitor for 5days and consumed identical test meals for 3days. Patients consumed the test meals of dinner at 2100h (D21) or divided dinner (vegetable and rice at 1800h and the vegetable and the main dish at 2100h) on the second or fourth day, and dinner at 1800h (D18) on the third day...
May 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549182/single-provenance-mature-conifers-show-higher-non-structural-carbohydrate-storage-and-reduced-growth-in-a-drier-location
#13
Frida I Piper, Alex Fajardo, Günter Hoch
Since growth is more sensitive to drought than photosynthesis, trees inhabiting dry regions are expected to exhibit higher carbohydrate storage and less growth than their conspecifics from more humid regions. However, the same pattern can be the result of different genotypes inhabiting contrasting humidity conditions. To test if reduced growth and high carbohydrate storage are environmentally driven by drought, we examined the growth and non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentrations in single-provenance stands of mature trees of Pinus contorta Douglas and Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C...
May 26, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549053/does-incremental-positioning-weight-shifts-reduce-pressure-injuries-in-critical-care-patients
#14
Lee Ann Krapfl, Julia Langin, Caitlin A Pike, Patricia Pezzella
BACKGROUND: Incremental positioning or weight shifts are often suggested as an alternative to standard repositioning/turning in critical care patients deemed clinically unstable. OBJECTIVE: This evidence-based report card reviews whether incremental positioning and/or weight shifts reduce hospital-acquired sacral/buttocks pressure injuries in critical care patients deemed too unstable to turn. METHODS AND SEARCH STRATEGY: A scoping review of the literature was conducted for studies related to repositioning and hospital-acquired pressure injuries in high-risk, critical care patients...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548844/two-dynamical-regimes-of-the-substrate-radical-rearrangement-reaction-in-b12-dependent-ethanolamine-ammonia-lyase-resolve-contributions-of-native-protein-configurations-and-collective-configurational-fluctuations-to-catalysis
#15
Meghan Kohne, Chen Zhu, Kurt Warncke
The kinetics of the substrate radical rearrangement reaction step in B12-dependent ethanolamine ammonia-lyase (EAL) from Salmonella typhimurium are measured over a 92 K temperature range. The observed first-order rate constants display a piecewise-continuous Arrhenius dependence, with linear regions over 295→220 K (monoexponential) and 214→203 K (biexponential) that are delineated by a kinetic bifurcation and kinks at 219 and 217 K, respectively. The results are interpreted by using a free energy landscape model and derived microscopic kinetic mechanism...
May 26, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548371/the-additional-utility-of-two-dimensional-strain-in-detection-of-coronary-artery-disease-presence-and-localization-in-patients-undergoing-dobutamine-stress-echocardiogram
#16
Alaa Roushdy, Yomna Abou El Seoud, Mohamed Abd Elrahman, Basem Wadeaa, Adel Eletriby, Zainab Abd El Salam
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiogram (DSE) is a feasible and safe exercise-independent stress modality for diagnoses of coronary artery disease (CAD), but it is subjective, and operator dependant. Two-dimensional strain at peak stress could overcome these limitations and thus increase the accuracy of DSE. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective observational study in which 80 patients underwent DSE, two-dimensional strain at peak stress, and coronary angiography...
May 26, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547796/high-serum-total-cholesterol-is-associated-with-suicide-mortality-in-japanese-women
#17
T Svensson, M Inoue, N Sawada, H Charvat, M Mimura, S Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum total cholesterol (TC) and suicide using a large general population cohort with long follow-up times. METHOD: Analyses included 16 341 men and 28 905 women aged 40-69 from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study followed from 1990 to 2012. TC levels were defined per clinical guidelines: low (<4.66 mmol/l [180 mg/dl]), normal (4.66-5.70 mmol/l [180-220 mg/dl]), and high (≥5.70 mmol/l [220 mg/dl])...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547753/the-cost-effectiveness-of-patient-controlled-analgesia-vs-standard-care-in-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-pain-who-are-subsequently-admitted-to-hospital
#18
C Pritchard, J E Smith, S Creanor, R Squire, A Barton, J Benger, L Cocking, P Ewings, M Rockett
The clinical effectiveness of patient-controlled analgesia has been demonstrated in a variety of settings. However, patient-controlled analgesia is rarely utilised in the emergency department. The aim of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of patient-controlled analgesia vs. standard care in participants admitted to hospital from the emergency department with pain due to traumatic injury or non-traumatic abdominal pain. Pain scores were measured hourly for 12 h using a visual analogue scale. Cost-effectiveness was measured as the additional cost per hour in moderate to severe pain avoided by using patient-controlled analgesia rather than standard care (the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio)...
May 26, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546647/environmental-factors-regulating-gaping-activity-of-the-bivalve-arctica-islandica-in-northern-norway
#19
Irene Ballesta-Artero, Rob Witbaard, Michael L Carroll, Jaap van der Meer
Arctica islandica is the longest-living non-colonial animal known at present. It inhabits coastal waters in the North Atlantic and its annual shell increments are widely used for paleoclimatic reconstructions. There is no consensus, however, about the intra-annual timing of its feeding activity and growth. This research aims to identify the main environmental drivers of A. islandica valve gape to clarify the ambiguity surrounding its seasonal activity. A lander was deployed from February 2014 to September 2015 on the sea bottom at Ingøya, Norway (71°03'N, 24°05'E) containing living A...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546468/influence-of-maximal-fat-oxidation-on-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-in-humans
#20
Sune Dandanell, Karina Husted, Signe Amdisen, Andreas Vigelsø, Flemming Dela, Steen Larsen, Jorn Wulff Helge
Impaired maximal fat oxidation has been linked to obesity and weight regain after weight loss. The aim was to investigate the relationship between maximal fat oxidation (MFO) and long-term weight loss maintenance. Eighty subjects (mean(SD)) (Age: 36(13) yrs; BMI: 38(1) kg/m(2)) were recruited from a total of 2420 former participants of an 11-12-week lifestyle intervention. Three groups were established based on % weight loss at follow-up (5.3(3.3) yrs): Clinical weight loss maintenance (CWL) >10% weight loss, moderate weight loss (MWL) 1-10%, and weight regain (WR)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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