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Dairy phosphate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202723/changes-in-urinary-risk-profile-after-short-term-low-sodium-and-low-calcium-diet-in-recurrent-swiss-kidney-stone-formers
#1
Harald Seeger, Andrea Kaelin, Pietro M Ferraro, Damian Weber, Philippe Jaeger, Patrice Ambuehl, William G Robertson, Robert Unwin, Carsten A Wagner, Nilufar Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: Kidney stone disease is common in industrialized countries. Recently, it has attracted growing attention, because of its significant association with adverse renal outcomes, including end stage renal disease. Calcium-containing kidney stones are frequent with high recurrence rates. While hypercalciuria is a well-known risk factor, restricted intake of animal protein and sodium, combined with normal dietary calcium, has been shown to be more effective in stone prevention compared with a low-calcium diet...
December 4, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153180/a-100-year-review-progress-on-the-chemistry-of-milk-and-its-components
#2
John A Lucey, Don Otter, David S Horne
Understanding the chemistry of milk and its components is critical to the production of consistent, high-quality dairy products as well as the development of new dairy ingredients. Over the past 100 yr we have gone from believing that milk has only 3 protein fractions to identifying all the major and minor types of milk proteins as well as discovering that they have genetic variants. The structure and physical properties of most of the milk proteins have been extensively studied. The structure of the casein micelle has been the subject of many studies, and the initial views on submicelles have given way to the current model of the micelle as being assembled as a result of the concerted action of several types of interactions (including hydrophobic and the formation of calcium phosphate nanoclusters)...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136806/multivariate-analysis-of-organic-acids-in-fermented-food-from-reversed-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-data
#3
Pablo Mortera, Federico A Zuljan, Christian Magni, Santiago A Bortolato, Sergio H Alarcón
Multivariate calibration coupled to RP-HPLC with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was applied to the identification and the quantitative evaluation of the short chain organic acids (malic, oxalic, formic, lactic, acetic, citric, pyruvic, succinic, tartaric, propionic and α-cetoglutaric) in fermented food. The goal of the present study was to get the successful resolution of a system in the combined occurrence of strongly coeluting peaks, of distortions in the time sensors among chromatograms, and of the presence of unexpected compounds not included in the calibration step...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109353/intranasal-immunization-with-a-recombinant-outer-membrane-protein-h-based-haemorrhagic-septicemia-vaccine-in-dairy-calves
#4
Korkiat Muangthai, Pallop Tankaew, Thanya Varinrak, Ratchanee Uthi, Suvichai Rojanasthien, Takuo Sawada, Nattawooti Sthitmatee
Haemorrhagic septicemia (HS) is a contagious disease in cattle with high morbidity and mortality rates. HS vaccine in Thailand is an oil-adjuvant formulation, and is difficult to administer. The present study aimed to formulate and evaluate the protection in dairy calves conferred by immunization with an in-house intranasal HS vaccine. The intranasal vaccine was formulated in a total volume of 500 µl containing either 50 or 100 µg of the recombinant outer membrane protein H (rOmpH) of Pasteurella multocida strain M-1404 (serovar B:2), and 10 µg of Cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) as a mucosal adjuvant...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108068/rapid-communication-16s-ribosomal-ribonucleic-acid-characterization-of-liver-abscesses-in-feedlot-cattle-from-three-states-in-the-united-states
#5
M D Weinroth, C R Carlson, J N Martin, J L Metcalf, P S Morley, K E Belk
Liver abscesses are a major economic burden to beef producers. Although a few causative organisms have been cultured from purulent material, the full polymicrobial diversity of liver abscesses has not been reported. The objective of this study was to characterize purulent material collected from liver abscess in beef cattle produced in different production systems in 3 cattle producing states in the United States using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Differences between purulent material microbial communities among geographic region of feeding and application of a common antimicrobial were also investigated...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099901/-factors-influencing-the-quality-of-the-first-colostrum-in-holstein-friesian-cows-and-their-relationship-to-postpartum-calcium-concentrations-in-the-blood-and-colostrum
#6
Maria Karl, Rudolf Staufenbiel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors that affect the quality (immunoglobulin concentration) of the first colostrum in Holstein Friesian cows and their relationship to the calcium concentrations in the blood and colostrum, with particular attention to the lactation number. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted at a commercial dairy farm (2278 Holstein Friesian cows). The analysis comprised the following variables: colostrum content of immunoglobulins and calcium, colostrum yield; blood serum concentrations of calcium, phosphate, non-esterified fatty acids, and β-hydroxybutyrate; back-fat thickness; daily milk production; calving data; lactation number; male parent of the cow; length of gestation; age at first calving; duration of the dry period; fertility parameters of prelactation; diseases during the dry period and up to 3 days postpartum...
November 3, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083435/dairy-intakes-in-older-irish-adults-and-effects-on-vitamin-micronutrient-status-data-from-the-tuda-study
#7
E Laird, M C Casey, M Ward, L Hoey, C F Hughes, K McCarroll, C Cunningham, J J Strain, H McNulty, A M Molloy
BACKGROUND: Consumption of dairy products has been associated with positive health outcomes including a lower risk of hypertension, improved bone health and a reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes. The suggested dairy intake for health in older adults is three servings per day but recent analysis of the NHANES data for older adults reported 98% were not meeting these recommendations. No studies have investigated the consequences of such declines in the dairy intakes of Irish older adults and the subsequent effects on vitamin micronutrient status...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055547/chemical-characterization-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-and-inductively-coupled-plasma-optical-emission-spectroscopy-of-membrane-permeates-from-an-industrial-dairy-ingredient-production-used-as-process-water
#8
Peter B Skou, Bekzod Khakimov, Thomas H Hansen, Stina D Aunsbjerg, Susanne Knøchel, Dorrit Thaysen, Frans van den Berg
Reusing reverse osmosis (RO) membrane permeate instead of potable water in the dairy industry is a very appealing tactic. However, to ensure safe use, the quality of reclaimed water must be guaranteed. To do this, qualitative and quantitative information about which compounds permeate the membranes must be established. In the present study, we provide a detailed characterization of ultrafiltration, RO, and RO polisher (ROP) permeate with regard to organic and inorganic compounds. Results indicate that smaller molecules and elements (such as phosphate, but mainly urea and boron) pass the membrane, and a small set of larger molecules (long-chain fatty acids, glycerol-phosphate, and glutamic acid) are found as well, though in minute concentrations (<0...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901272/disorders-of-mechanisms-of-calcium-metabolism-control-as-potential-risk-factors-of-prostate-cancer
#9
Dorota Skrajnowska, Barbara Bobrowska-Korczak, Andrzej Tokarz
Prostate cancer significantly affects the overall morbidity and mortality of malignant tumours in highly developed countries. Important risk factors include family predisposition and regional, racial and dietary determinants. The scientific literature contains a great deal of data on the role of calcium and dairy products in general in the process of neoplastic transformation of the prostate. This is most likely linked to the fact that changes in the concentration of calcium ions control such varied life processes as secretion of hormones and neurotransmitters, the level of cyclic nucleotides, and cell growth, division and differentiation...
September 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888611/comparison-of-mammary-lipid-metabolism-in-dairy-cows-and-goats-fed-diets-supplemented-with-starch-plant-oil-or-fish-oil
#10
L Bernard, P G Toral, Y Chilliard
A direct comparison of cow and goat performance and milk fatty acid (FA) responses to diets known to induce milk fat depression in the bovine has suggested interspecies differences in rumen and mammary lipid metabolism. Thus, this study was conducted to infer some potential mechanisms responsible for the differences in mammary lipogenesis due to diet and ruminant species. To meet this objective, 12 cows and 15 goats were fed a basal diet (control), a similar diet supplemented with 2.2% fish oil (FO), or a diet containing 5...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880045/-factors-influencing-first-colostrum-calcium-concentration-in-holstein-friesian-cows-and-the-relationship-to-postpartum-calcium-concentration
#11
Maria Karl, Rudolf Staufenbiel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors that affect the calcium content of the first colostrum (milk exclusively of the first withdrawal) and the relationship to the blood calcium concentration. We tested the hypotheses that the lactation number is the main influence factor and that there is a relationship to the postpartum serum calcium concentration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted from April 2012 to March 2013 at a commercial dairy farm (2278 Holstein-Friesian cows)...
September 5, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825541/determination-of-bovine-lactoferrin-in-food-by-hplc-with-a-heparin-affinity-column-for-sample-preparation
#12
Yin Zhang, Fei Lou, Wei Wu, Xin Dong, Jia Ren, Qiuguang Shen
An HPLC method was developed for the quantitative determination of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) in sterilized milk, modified milk, fermented milk, infant formula, adult formula, rice cereal, vitamin function drink, and protein powder products. bLF was first extracted with a phosphate buffer (pH 8), underwent cleanup in a heparin affinity column, and was detected by HPLC with a C4 column and diode-array detector at a wavelength of 280 nm. The proposed method provided a linear detection range of 10.0-1000 μg/mL with an LOD of 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763939/demographic-and-dietary-risk-factors-in-relation-to-urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-flame-retardants-in-toddlers
#13
M B Thomas, H M Stapleton, R L Dills, H D Violette, D A Christakis, S Sathyanarayana
Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs), including Tris (1,3-dichloro-isopropyl) phosphate (TDCPP), triphenyl phosphate (TPP), and isopropylated triphenyl phosphate (ITP), are increasingly used in consumer products because of the recent phase out of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants. OPFRs have been widely detected in adults and have been linked to reproductive and endocrine changes in adult males. Carcinogenicity and damage to immunologic, neurologic and developmental systems have been observed in human cell lines...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695065/-13-c-based-proteinogenic-amino-acid-paa-and-metabolic-flux-ratio-analysis-of-lactococcus-lactis-reveals-changes-in-pentose-phosphate-pp-pathway-in-response-to-agitation-and-temperature-related-stresses
#14
Kamalrul Azlan Azizan, Habtom W Ressom, Eduardo R Mendoza, Syarul Nataqain Baharum
Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris MG1363 is an important starter culture for dairy fermentation. During industrial fermentations, L. lactis is constantly exposed to stresses that affect the growth and performance of the bacterium. Although the response of L. lactis to several stresses has been described, the adaptation mechanisms at the level of in vivo fluxes have seldom been described. To gain insights into cellular metabolism, (13)C metabolic flux analysis and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were used to measure the flux ratios of active pathways in the central metabolism of L...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551191/a-commercial-immune-modulating-feed-additive-restores-l-selectin-and-ccl5-expression-following-dexamethasone-treatment-of-murine-immune-cells-in-a-myd88-dependent-manner
#15
R J Ortiz-Marty, A Lewandowski, J D Chapman, I Kanevsky-Mullarky
Bovine mastitis costs the dairy industry billions of dollars every year and presents a health challenge in dairy facilities. Immunosuppressive effects of the periparturient period increase the incidence of mastitis. During this time, cattle experience an elevation in circulating cortisol, which reduces polymorphonuclear cell function and ability to clear infection. OmniGen-AF (OMN; Phibro Animal Health, Teaneck, NJ) is an immunomodulatory feed additive that alters gene expression and is used to reduce rates of mastitis...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530588/capillary-electrophoresis-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry-employing-hexafluoro-2-propanol-for-the-determination-of-nucleosides-and-nucleotide-mono-di-and-tri-phosphates-in-baby-foods
#16
María Mateos-Vivas, Javier Domínguez-Álvarez, Encarnación Rodríguez-Gonzalo, Rita Carabias-Martínez
The present work describes a method for the simultaneous determination of unmodified nucleosides and nucleotide mono-, di- and tri-phosphates by capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry (CE-MS). The use of hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) in the separation medium, and as an additive to the sheath liquid of the electrospray interface (ESI), generated a highly efficient and sensitive method. Instrumental limits of detection in the range of 14-53ngmL(-1) for nucleosides and 7-23, 20-49 and 64-124ngmL(-1) for nucleotide mono-, di-, and tri-phosphates, respectively, were found...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493294/commercial-mineral-enhanced-dairy-by-products-as-sodium-replacers-antioxidants-and-calcium-fortifiers-in-sausages
#17
Anne Maren Engeloug, Gu Yi, Bjørg Egelandsdal, Anna Haug, Berit Nordvi
Sausages are perceived as high in Na and with a too high Na:K ratio. Frankfurter type sausages are regarded as important contributors of sodium in the diet and thereby of health risks. Surplus products from the dairy industry are various mineral powders enriched in either potassium, calcium, or phosphate and include various amounts of lactose. Sausages were produced at 3 sodium levels (equivalent to 13, 15, and 17 g NaCl/kg sausage) using 4 different milk ingredients (a dried skimmed milk powder, a calcium enriched milk powder, a potassium enriched powder, and a lactose enriched powder)...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457551/short-communication-comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-the-lactating-and-nonlactating-bovine-mammary-gland
#18
W T Dai, Q J Wang, Y X Zou, R R White, J X Liu, H Y Liu
The objective of this study was to determine how bovine mammary protein profiles vary during lactation and the dry period. Three lactating and 3 nonlactating cows were selected for mammary gland tissue sampling. Compared with the mammary proteins in nonlactating cows, a total of 60 differentially expressed proteins (DEP, including 57 upregulated and 3 downregulated) were identified in lactating cows using 2-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis combined with mass spectrometry. These DEP included enzymes and proteins associated with various macromolecular metabolic processes, and appeared to promote the increased metabolic activity associated with milk synthesis and secretion...
July 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457125/solubility-of-calcium-phosphate-in-concentrated-dairy-effluent-brines
#19
K Kezia, J Lee, B Zisu, G Q Chen, S L Gras, S E Kentish
The solubility of calcium phosphate in concentrated dairy brine streams is important in understanding mineral scaling on equipment, such as membrane modules, evaporators, and heat exchangers, and in brine pond operation. In this study, the solubility of calcium phosphate has been assessed in the presence of up to 300 g/L sodium chloride as well as lactose, organic acids, and anions at 10, 30, and 50 °C. As a neutral molecule, lactose has a marginal but still detectable effect upon calcium solubility. However, additions of sodium chloride up to 100 g/L result in a much greater increase in calcium solubility...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434752/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-health-resolution-of-purulent-vaginal-discharge-and-reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#20
João G N Moraes, Paula R B Silva, Luís G D Mendonça, Alexandre A Scanavez, Joseane C C Silva, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to evaluate the effects of intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) on intrauterine cell population, resolution of PVD, uterine health, and reproductive performance. Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined using the Metricheck device to diagnose PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was defined as the presence of purulent (≥50% pus) discharge detectable in the vagina...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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