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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335237/-why-do-they-need-to-check-me-patient-participation-through-ehealth-and-the-doctor-patient-relationship-qualitative-study
#1
Christiane Grünloh, Gunilla Myreteg, Åsa Cajander, Hanife Rexhepi
BACKGROUND: Roles in the doctor-patient relationship are changing and patient participation in health care is increasingly emphasized. Electronic health (eHealth) services such as patient accessible electronic health records (PAEHRs) have been implemented to support patient participation. Little is known about practical use of PAEHR and its effect on roles of doctors and patients. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to investigate how physicians view the idea of patient participation, in particular in relation to the PAEHR system...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321461/trends-in-paper-based-electrochemical-biosensors-from-design-to-application
#2
Vivian Bee Chin Lee, Noor Faizah Mohd-Naim, Eiichi Tamiya, Minhaz Uddin Ahmed
Electrochemical bio-sensing using paper-based detection systems is the main focus of this review. The different existing designs of 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional sensors, and fabrication techniques are discussed. This review highlights the effect of adopting different sensor designs, distinct fabrication techniques, as well as different modification methods, in order to produce reliable and reproducible reading. The use of various nanomaterials have been demonstrated in order to modify the surface of electrodes during fabrication to further enhance the signal for subsequent analysis...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319373/clinical-learning-spaces-crucibles-for-practice-development-in-physiotherapy-clinical-education
#3
Narelle Patton, Joy Higgs, Megan Smith
This paper, through a deep examination of clinical workplaces as learning spaces, uses a holistic interpretation of clinical education and offers a practice development crucible metaphor as a useful way to deepen how clinical education can be conceptualized. An in-depth conceptualization of clinical education is needed if educators are able to develop wise educational practice and optimize the time students spend in clinical learning settings. The research reported here was undertaken in the qualitative paradigm guided by philosophical hermeneutics...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285558/meta-ethnography-of-experiences-of-early-discharge-with-a-focus-on-paediatric-febrile-neutropenia
#4
REVIEW
Jessica E Morgan, Jemma Cleminson, Lesley A Stewart, Robert S Phillips, Karl Atkin
PURPOSE (STATING THE MAIN PURPOSES AND RESEARCH QUESTION): Many children have no significant sequelae of febrile neutropenia. A systematic review of clinical studies demonstrated patients at low risk of septic complications can be safely treated as outpatients using oral antibiotics with low rates of treatment failure. Introducing earlier discharge may improve quality of life, reduce hospital acquired infection and reduce healthcare service pressures. However, the review raised concerns that this might not be acceptable to patients, families and healthcare professionals...
December 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284031/perceptions-of-scientific-research-literature-and-strategies-for-reading-papers-depend-on-academic-career-stage
#5
Katharine E Hubbard, Sonja D Dunbar
Reading primary research literature is an essential skill for all scientists and students on science degree programmes, however little is known about how researchers at different career stages interact with and interpret scientific papers. To explore this, we conducted a survey of 260 undergraduate students and researchers in Biological Sciences at a research intensive UK university. Responses to Likert scale questions demonstrated increases in confidence and skill with reading the literature between individuals at each career stage, including between postdoctoral researchers and faculty academics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258499/sms-education-for-the-promotion-of-diabetes-self-management-in-low-middle-income-countries-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-egypt
#6
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: Due to the ubiquity of mobile phones in low and middle income countries, we aimed to examine the feasibility of SMS education among diabetic patients in Egypt, and assess the impact of educational text messages, compared to traditional paper-based methods, on glycemic control and self-management behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a 12-week randomized controlled trial at Misr University for Science & Technology hospital in Cairo-Egypt. Known as MUST diabetes awareness program, patients were included if they had diabetes, owned a mobile phone, and could read SMS messages or lived with someone that could read for them...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244002/higher-recall-in-metagenomic-sequence-classification-exploiting-overlapping-reads
#7
Samuele Girotto, Matteo Comin, Cinzia Pizzi
BACKGROUND: In recent years several different fields, such as ecology, medicine and microbiology, have experienced an unprecedented development due to the possibility of direct sequencing of microbioimic samples. Among problems that researchers in the field have to deal with, taxonomic classification of metagenomic reads is one of the most challenging. State of the art methods classify single reads with almost 100% precision. However, very often, the performance in terms of recall falls at about 50%...
December 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240708/landscape-of-research-areas-for-zeolites-and-metal-organic-frameworks-using-computational-classification-based-on-citation-networks
#8
REVIEW
Takaya Ogawa, Kenta Iyoki, Tomohiro Fukushima, Yuya Kajikawa
The field of porous materials is widely spreading nowadays, and researchers need to read tremendous numbers of papers to obtain a "bird's eye" view of a given research area. However, it is difficult for researchers to obtain an objective database based on statistical data without any relation to subjective knowledge related to individual research interests. Here, citation network analysis was applied for a comparative analysis of the research areas for zeolites and metal-organic frameworks as examples for porous materials...
December 14, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237786/commentary-waltzing-around-sacred-cows-on-the-way-to-the-future
#9
Stephen M Brecher
Our mostly manual, agar based clinical microbiology laboratory is slowly but steadily being re-defined by automation and innovation. Ironically, the oldest test, the Gram stain, is still manually read and interpreted by trained personnel. In this proof of concept study Smith et al. (https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01521-17) have used computer imaging with a deep convolutional neural network to examine and interpret Gram-stained slides from positive blood culture bottles. In light of the shortage of medical technologists/microbiologists and the need for results of positive blood culture bottles 24/7, this paper paves the way for the next innovations for the clinical microbiology laboratory of the future...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222832/written-action-plans-for-children-with-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-data
#10
REVIEW
Andrea Waldecker, Alice Malpass, Anna King, Matthew J Ridd
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions (LTCs) in children require a high level of self-management. Written action plans (WAPs) have been advocated to guide decision-making and support self-management but there is uncertainty about how WAPs "work" and what aspects are important for successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize existing qualitative evidence about the design and use of WAPs across childhood LTCs. METHOD: We undertook a systematic search of the literature (Medline, EMBASE, CiNAHL, PsycInfo, Web of science) from inception to May 2015; critically appraised included studies; and synthesized the findings, drawing on normalisation process theory...
December 9, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202713/intromap-a-signal-analysis-based-method-for-the-detection-of-genomic-introgressions
#11
Daniel J Shea, Motoki Shimizu, Namiko Nishida, Eigo Fukai, Takashi Abe, Ryo Fujimoto, Keiichi Okazaki
BACKGROUND: Breeding programs often rely on marker-assisted tests or variant calling of next generation sequence (NGS) data to identify regions of genomic introgression arising from the hybridization of two plant species. In this paper we present IntroMap, a bioinformatics pipeline for the screening of candidate plants through the application of signal processing techniques to NGS data, using alignment to a reference genome sequence (annotation is not required) that shares homology with the recurrent parental cultivar, and without the need for de novo assembly of the read data or variant calling...
December 4, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199486/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-3-sampling-data-collection-and-analysis
#12
Albine Moser, Irene Korstjens
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196352/hearing-impaired-young-people-a-physician-s-guide%C3%A2
#13
Anne Easson, Simone Walter
Physicians reading this will have a broad range of in-depth knowledge about their own subspecialty. However, in daily medical practice there are topics of which all physicians should have some knowledge. Those who deal with young people should have some knowledge of the needs of the hearing-impaired population within this group of patients. This article is intended to provide an overview of young people with hearing impairment (HIYP), the challenges they face and what we can do to help them. In this paper, we assume that data published regarding hearing-impaired children apply to HIYP from 13 years (the age at which the transition process begins) to 25 years of age (the age at which 'youth' according to the World health Organization and the Education Health Care Plan ends)...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195725/benefits-of-a-bedtime-routine-in-young-children-sleep-development-and-beyond
#14
REVIEW
Jodi A Mindell, Ariel A Williamson
This paper presents a conceptual model and reviews the empirical evidence to support a nightly bedtime routine as a key factor in the promotion of not only healthy sleep, but also of broad development and wellbeing in early childhood. A bedtime routine embodies the characteristics of nurturing care and early child stimulation, which are deemed to be essential for positive outcomes, especially for at-risk children. Furthermore, common, adaptive components of a bedtime routine can contribute to an array of positive developmental outcomes beyond improved sleep, inclusive of language development, literacy, child emotional and behavioral regulation, parent-child attachment, and family functioning, among other outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152330/research-involvement-and-engagement-reflections-so-far-and-future-directions
#15
EDITORIAL
Richard Stephens, Sophie Staniszewska
Plain English summary: Two years ago we launched Research Involvement and Engagement (RIE) as an interdisciplinary co-produced journal, focusing on patient and wider involvement and engagement in all stages of health and social care research. In this Editorial we reflect on progress and consider future directions. Now indexed in PubMed Central, RIE's prime objective is to publish papers that report public involvement in enough depth to generate a sound and robust evidence base, from which others can draw to develop best practice...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135456/probiotics-and-their-use-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Muhammad Amer, Muhammad Nadeem, Saeed Ur Rashid Nazir, Maira Fakhar, Fatima Abid, Qurat-Ul Ain, Elliyah Asif
Context • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis result in similar gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, including pain, diarrhea, stools with mucus or blood, and ulceration or tissue damage within the alimentary canal. Gut microbiota play a crucial role in triggering, maintaining, and exacerbating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Probiotics might help to rebalance the gut flora in a positive way, shifting from pro- to anti-inflammatory. Objectives • The study intended to investigate the safety and use of probiotics and the biological effects of probiotic bacteria on IBD...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120358/label-free-biomedical-imaging-using-high-speed-lock-in-pixel-sensor-for-stimulated-raman-scattering
#17
Kamel Mars, De Xing Lioe, Shoji Kawahito, Keita Yasutomi, Keiichiro Kagawa, Takahiro Yamada, Mamoru Hashimoto
Raman imaging eliminates the need for staining procedures, providing label-free imaging to study biological samples. Recent developments in stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) have achieved fast acquisition speed and hyperspectral imaging. However, there has been a problem of lack of detectors suitable for MHz modulation rate parallel detection, detecting multiple small SRS signals while eliminating extremely strong offset due to direct laser light. In this paper, we present a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor using high-speed lock-in pixels for stimulated Raman scattering that is capable of obtaining the difference of Stokes-on and Stokes-off signal at modulation frequency of 20 MHz in the pixel before reading out...
November 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109407/paper-based-sensing-device-for-electrochemical-detection-of-oxidative-stress-biomarker-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-8-ohdg-in-point-of-care
#18
Gabriela V Martins, Ana P M Tavares, Elvira Fortunato, M Goreti F Sales
This work presents a cost-effective, label-free in point-of-care (POC) biosensor for the sensitive detection of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), the most abundant oxidative product of DNA, that may allow a premature assessment of cancer disease, thereby improving diagnosis, prognostics and survival rates. The device targets the direct detection of 8-OHdG by using for the first time a carbon-ink 3-electrode on a paper substrate coupled to Differential Pulse Voltammetry readings. This design was optimized by adding nanostructured carbon materials to the ink and the conducting polymer PEDOT, enhancing the electrocatalytic properties of the sensor towards 8-OHdG detection...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104022/gender-specific-effects-of-physical-activity-on-children-s-academic-performance-the-active-smarter-kids-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
G K Resaland, V F Moe, J B Bartholomew, L B Andersen, H A McKay, S A Anderssen, E Aadland
Active learning combines academic content with physical activity (PA) to increase child PA and academic performance, but the impact of active learning is mixed. It may be that this is a moderated relationship in which active learning is beneficial for only some children. This paper examine the impact of baseline academic performance and gender as moderators for the effects of active learning on children's academic performance. In the ASK-study, 1129 fifth-graders from 57 Norwegian elementary schools were randomized by school to intervention or control in a physical activity intervention between November 2014 and June 2015...
November 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096408/associations-between-health-literacy-and-health-behaviors-among-urban-high-school-students
#20
Aesoon Park, Tanya L Eckert, Michelle J Zaso, Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Peter A Vanable, Kate B Carey, Craig K Ewart, Michael P Carey
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is crucial to develop health-related knowledge, adopt healthy lifestyles, and benefit from health care services. However, research on the association between health literacy and adolescent health outcomes, particularly on their prospective associations, is rare. We assessed health literacy using 3 validated measures, and examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between health literacy and adolescent health behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a short-term prospective study of 250 adolescents (mean age = 14 years; 57% female; 48% African American) who were entering or in the ninth grade in an urban school district...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
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