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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918598/sighted-and-visually-impaired-students-perspectives-of-illustrations-diagrams-and-drawings-in-school-science
#1
Celia McDonald, Susan Rodrigues
Background In this paper we report on the views of students with and without visual impairments on the use of illustrations, diagrams and drawings (IDD) in science lessons. Method Our findings are based on data gathered through a brief questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of students prior to trialling new resource material. The questionnaire sought to understand the students' views about using IDD in science lessons. The classes involved in the study included one class from a primary school, five classes from a secondary school and one class from a school for visually impaired students...
2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917222/access-attitudes-and-training-in-information-technologies-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-medical-students-at-university-of-zimbabwe-college-of-health-sciences
#2
Swapnil Parve, Ali Ershadi, Alexandr Karimov, Anne Dougherty, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Midion M Chidzonga, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, has helped to mitigate the digital divide in Africa. The aim of the study was to assess the level of access, attitude, and training concerning meaningful use of electronic resources and EBM among medical students at an African medical school. METHODS: The study involved medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare. The needs assessment tool consisted of a 21-question, paper-based, voluntary and anonymous survey...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895471/adherence-satisfaction-and-preferences-for-treatment-in-patients-with-psoriasis-in-the-european-union-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
I Belinchón, R Rivera, C Blanch, M Comellas, L Lizán
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adherence to treatment in patients with psoriasis is often poor. An investigation of patient preferences and satisfaction with treatment may be important, based on the expected correlation with therapy compliance. This paper aims to examine and describe the current literature on patient preferences, satisfaction and adherence to treatment for psoriasis in the European Union (EU). METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted using PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Spanish databases and Google Scholar...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882576/looking-and-listening-for-learning-in-arts-and-humanities-based-creations
#4
Lara Varpio, Pamela Grassau, Pippa Hall
CONTEXT: The arts and humanities are gradually gaining a foothold in health professions education as a means of supporting the development of future clinicians who are compassionate, critical and reflexive thinkers, while also strengthening clinical skills and practices that emphasise patient-centredness, collaboration and interprofessional practices. Assignments that tap into trainee creativity are increasingly used both to prepare learners for the demands of clinical work and to understand the personal and professional challenges learners face in these contexts...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864859/roles-and-competences-for-educators-of-undergraduate-dental-students-a-discussion-paper
#5
S Chuenjitwongsa, A Bullock, R G Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Dental educators are important people who contribute to the development of every aspect of dental education. In part due to the lack of understanding of their roles and competences, dental educator development has so far received little consideration. With the aim of enhancing the dental profession's contribution to the development of undergraduate dental education, this article explores common roles of educators of undergraduate dental students and the competences needed to be effective educators...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862757/easy-read-and-accessible-information-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-is-it-worth-it-a-meta-narrative-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Deborah Chinn, Claire Homeyard
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of "accessible information" for people with intellectual disabilities in UK health care has accelerated in recent years, underpinned by policy guidance alongside the recent introduction of mandatory standards. However, questions have been raised as to the impact of such resources as a means of enhancing involvement in health care and addressing health inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize the evidence from different approaches used to evaluate the impact of accessible information for people with intellectual disabilities using a meta-narrative approach...
November 16, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844271/monitoring-countries-in-a-changing-world-a-new-look-at-dif-in-international-surveys
#7
Robert J Zwitser, S Sjoerd F Glaser, Gunter Maris
This paper discusses the issue of differential item functioning (DIF) in international surveys. DIF is likely to occur in international surveys. What is needed is a statistical approach that takes DIF into account, while at the same time allowing for meaningful comparisons between countries. Some existing approaches are discussed and an alternative is provided. The core of this alternative approach is to define the construct as a large set of items, and to report in terms of summary statistics. Since the data are incomplete, measurement models are used to complete the incomplete data...
November 14, 2016: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831885/an-asynchronous-p300-based-brain-computer-interface-web-browser-for-severely-disabled-people
#8
Victor Martinez-Cagigal, Javier Gomez-Pilar, Daniel Alvarez, Roberto Hornero
This paper presents an electroencephalographic (EEG) P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI) Internet browser. The system uses the "odd-ball" row-col paradigm for generating the P300 evoked potentials on the scalp of the user, which are immediately processed and translated into web browser commands. There were previous approaches for controlling a BCI web browser. However, to the best of our knowledge, none of them was focused on an assistive context, failing to test their applications with a suitable number of end users...
October 31, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825363/pre-hospital-management-of-mass-casualty-civilian-shootings-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Conor D A Turner, David J Lockey, Marius Rehn
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty civilian shootings present an uncommon but recurring challenge to emergency services around the world and produce unique management demands. On the background of a rising threat of transnational terrorism worldwide, emergency response strategies are of critical importance. This study aims to systematically identify, describe and appraise the quality of indexed and non-indexed literature on the pre-hospital management of modern civilian mass shootings to guide future practice...
November 8, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818965/alcohol-related-dementia-and-neurocognitive-impairment-a-review-study
#10
REVIEW
Ankur Sachdeva, Mina Chandra, Mona Choudhary, Prabhoo Dayal, Kuljeet Singh Anand
CONTEXT: Alcohol consumption has escalated rapidly in many countries over the past decade. Evidence suggests a correlation between alcohol use and cognitive decline. We have systematically reviewed the concept and controversies, epidemiology, nosology, neuropathology and neurobiology, neuropsychology and management updates of alcohol-related dementia (ARD) in this paper. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We retrieved papers for this review by searching the PubMed database for terms "alcohol and dementia", "alcohol and cognitive impairment", and "alcohol and wernicke-korsakoff" mentioned in the title of the published papers...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799451/web-based-online-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-is-more-time-efficient-and-as-reliable-as-reading-patient-medical-records-and-conducting-traditional-in-person-consultations
#11
Melinda G Martin-Khan, Helen Edwards, Richard Wootton, Paul Varghese, Kwang Lim, Peteris Darzins, Lucy Dakin, Leonard C Gray
The aim of this study was to report the time taken by geriatricians to reach triage decisions using an online assessment format compared with face-to-face (FTF) assessment. Patients (N = 166) were randomly allocated to two groups: online and FTF assessments (OF group); and dual FTF assessments (FF group). Case preparation was conducted by trained nurse assessors using a web-enabled clinical decision support system. Geriatricians allocated to perform an 'online' assessment had access to this information only...
December 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799411/murder-by-the-book-using-crime-fiction-as-a-bibliotherapeutic-resource
#12
Liz Brewster
Crime is a popular genre of fiction, widely read but sometimes seen as 'throwaway'. Disregarding this type of fiction because it is seen as low quality does not take into account its value to readers. Reading has been established as a means of improving mental health and well-being-often known as bibliotherapy. This often focuses on fiction considered to have literary merit rather than genre fiction like crime. However, in framing therapeutic reading in this way, the impact of texts considered to have low cultural value such as crime has been concealed...
October 31, 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790076/automated-sanger-analysis-pipeline-asap-a-tool-for-rapidly-analyzing-sanger-sequencing-data-with-minimum-user-interference
#13
Aditya Singh, Prateek Bhatia
Sanger sequencing platforms, such as applied biosystems instruments, generate chromatogram files. Generally, for 1 region of a sequence, we use both forward and reverse primers to sequence that area, in that way, we have 2 sequences that need to be aligned and a consensus generated before mutation detection studies. This work is cumbersome and takes time, especially if the gene is large with many exons. Hence, we devised a rapid automated command system to filter, build, and align consensus sequences and also optionally extract exonic regions, translate them in all frames, and perform an amino acid alignment starting from raw sequence data within a very short time...
December 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692384/-compliance-and-leaflet-s-reading-which-link-and-which-media-results-from-a-french-population-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Clotilde Muller, Dorothée Bazin Kara, Marion Fourtage, Julien Ott, Thierry Krummel, Olivier Imhoff, Antoine Garstka, Sarah Richter, Isabelle Kolb, Anne-Laure Faller, Philippe Petit-Jean, Clotilde Kiener, Farideh Alenabi, Henriette Sissoko, Émilie Léon, François Chantrel, Yves Dimitrov, Thierry Hannedouche
Leaflets inside drug boxes are complex and often poorly understood. Patients consulting in nephrology are mostly old and often suffer from multiple comorbidities. As so, they are often subject to various contra-indications and drug interactions. This paper aims to evaluate if patients actually read leaflets or other medical information on others medias such as Internet and whether this could, potentially, interfere with their observance. Results showed that leaflets were read by 65.1% of patients, leading to 12% of withdrawal or not taking drugs...
September 27, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691910/primary-care-education-medical-student-and-young-doctors-perspective-from-brazil-india-and-portugal
#15
Raman Kumar, Ana Nunes Barata, Mayara Floss
This opinion paper is a collaborative effort describing recent developments in primary care education in three different countries; representing diverse socioeconomic and political systems. The authors describe their respective perspectives from the point of student (Brazil), trainee (Portugal) and young doctor (India). The section on Brazil focuses on the response of the medical education system to the developments before and after political reforms, leading to creation of the Unified Health System. The Indian experience focuses on the challenges faced by recently qualified doctors and ongoing debates about the medical education system in a highly populated but rapidly growing economy...
September 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689089/new-trends-of-digital-data-storage-in-dna
#16
Pavani Yashodha De Silva, Gamage Upeksha Ganegoda
With the exponential growth in the capacity of information generated and the emerging need for data to be stored for prolonged period of time, there emerges a need for a storage medium with high capacity, high storage density, and possibility to withstand extreme environmental conditions. DNA emerges as the prospective medium for data storage with its striking features. Diverse encoding models for reading and writing data onto DNA, codes for encrypting data which addresses issues of error generation, and approaches for developing codons and storage styles have been developed over the recent past...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687965/web-based-intervention-to-reduce-substance-abuse-and-depressive-symptoms-in-mexico-development-and-usability-test
#17
Marcela Tiburcio, Ma Asunción Lara, Araceli Aguilar Abrego, Morise Fernández, Nora Martínez Vélez, Alejandro Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The development of Web-based interventions for substance abuse in Latin America is a new field of interest with great potential for expansion to other Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes a project aimed to develop and evaluate the usability of the Web-based Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression (Programa de Ayuda para Abuso de Drogas y Depresión, PAADD, in Spanish) and also to construct a systematic frame of reference for the development of future Web-based programs...
September 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684305/the-epidemiology-of-ptsd-and-depression-in-refugee-minors-who-have-resettled-in-developed-countries
#18
James Reavell, Qulsom Fazil
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents, the crisis is very apparent. AIM: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in different developed countries. METHODS: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642271/metabolomics-enables-precision-medicine-a-white-paper-community-perspective
#19
Richard D Beger, Warwick Dunn, Michael A Schmidt, Steven S Gross, Jennifer A Kirwan, Marta Cascante, Lorraine Brennan, David S Wishart, Matej Oresic, Thomas Hankemeier, David I Broadhurst, Andrew N Lane, Karsten Suhre, Gabi Kastenmüller, Susan J Sumner, Ines Thiele, Oliver Fiehn, Rima Kaddurah-Daouk
INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND TO METABOLOMICS: Metabolomics is the comprehensive study of the metabolome, the repertoire of biochemicals (or small molecules) present in cells, tissues, and body fluids. The study of metabolism at the global or "-omics" level is a rapidly growing field that has the potential to have a profound impact upon medical practice. At the center of metabolomics, is the concept that a person's metabolic state provides a close representation of that individual's overall health status...
2016: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621913/the-effect-of-information-about-gynecological-examination-on-the-anxiety-level-of-women-applying-to-gynecology-clinics-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Kahraman Ulker, Yuksel Kivrak
BACKGROUND: Crowded hospital outpatient clinics and endless waiting lines that make patients feel overlooked tend to exaggerate patients' anxiety levels. In addition, fear of pain, shyness, religious and traditional thoughts, women's sexual role in society, and previous information and experience also contribute to people's anxiety levels with regard to gynecologic examination. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the effect of specific information about gynecologic examination on anxiety levels of women applying to gynecology clinics...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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