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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224131/tashkeela-novel-corpus-of-arabic-vocalized-texts-data-for-auto-diacritization-systems
#2
Taha Zerrouki, Amar Balla
Arabic diacritics are often missed in Arabic scripts. This feature is a handicap for new learner to read َArabic, text to speech conversion systems, reading and semantic analysis of Arabic texts. The automatic diacritization systems are the best solution to handle this issue. But such automation needs resources as diactritized texts to train and evaluate such systems. In this paper, we describe our corpus of Arabic diacritized texts. This corpus is called Tashkeela. It can be used as a linguistic resource tool for natural language processing such as automatic diacritics systems, dis-ambiguity mechanism, features and data extraction...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219347/aquaculture-genomics-genetics-and-breeding-in-the-united-states-current-status-challenges-and-priorities-for-future-research
#3
EDITORIAL
Hisham Abdelrahman, Mohamed ElHady, Acacia Alcivar-Warren, Standish Allen, Rafet Al-Tobasei, Lisui Bao, Ben Beck, Harvey Blackburn, Brian Bosworth, John Buchanan, Jesse Chappell, William Daniels, Sheng Dong, Rex Dunham, Evan Durland, Ahmed Elaswad, Marta Gomez-Chiarri, Kamal Gosh, Ximing Guo, Perry Hackett, Terry Hanson, Dennis Hedgecock, Tiffany Howard, Leigh Holland, Molly Jackson, Yulin Jin, Karim Kahlil, Thomas Kocher, Tim Leeds, Ning Li, Lauren Lindsey, Shikai Liu, Zhanjiang Liu, Kyle Martin, Romi Novriadi, Ramjie Odin, Yniv Palti, Eric Peatman, Dina Proestou, Guyu Qin, Benjamin Reading, Caird Rexroad, Steven Roberts, Mohamed Salem, Andrew Severin, Huitong Shi, Craig Shoemaker, Sheila Stiles, Suxu Tan, Kathy F J Tang, Wilawan Thongda, Terrence Tiersch, Joseph Tomasso, Wendy Tri Prabowo, Roger Vallejo, Hein van der Steen, Khoi Vo, Geoff Waldbieser, Hanping Wang, Xiaozhu Wang, Jianhai Xiang, Yujia Yang, Roger Yant, Zihao Yuan, Qifan Zeng, Tao Zhou
Advancing the production efficiency and profitability of aquaculture is dependent upon the ability to utilize a diverse array of genetic resources. The ultimate goals of aquaculture genomics, genetics and breeding research are to enhance aquaculture production efficiency, sustainability, product quality, and profitability in support of the commercial sector and for the benefit of consumers. In order to achieve these goals, it is important to understand the genomic structure and organization of aquaculture species, and their genomic and phenomic variations, as well as the genetic basis of traits and their interrelationships...
February 20, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216557/a-methodology-to-monitor-airborne-pm10-dust-particles-using-a-small-unmanned-aerial-vehicle
#4
Miguel Alvarado, Felipe Gonzalez, Peter Erskine, David Cliff, Darlene Heuff
Throughout the process of coal extraction from surface mines, gases and particles are emitted in the form of fugitive emissions by activities such as hauling, blasting and transportation. As these emissions are diffuse in nature, estimations based upon emission factors and dispersion/advection equations need to be measured directly from the atmosphere. This paper expands upon previous research undertaken to develop a relative methodology to monitor PM10 dust particles produced by mining activities making use of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)...
February 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212622/gender-perspectives-on-views-and-preferences-of-older-people-on-exercise-to-prevent-falls-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#5
Marlene Sandlund, Dawn A Skelton, Petra Pohl, Christina Ahlgren, Anita Melander-Wikman, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
BACKGROUND: To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both women's and men's views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to systematically review the literature to explore any underlying gender perspectives or gender interpretations on older people's views or preferences regarding uptake and adherence to exercise to prevent falls. METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out using a convergent qualitative design based on systematic searches of seven electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Amed, PsycINFO, Scopus, PEDro, and OTseeker)...
February 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207238/real-time-monitoring-of-post-surgical-and-post-traumatic-eye-injuries-using-multi-layered-electrical-biosensor-chip
#6
Muhammad Shuja Khan, Santosh K Misra, Aaron Schwartz-Duval, Enrique A Daza, Fatemeh Ostadhossein, Matthew Bowman, Akshay Jain, Gina Taylor, Deana McDonagh, Leanne T Labriola, Dipanjan Pan
Lack of current techniques for the early monitoring of bleb leaks and other post-traumatic or post-surgical ocular injury has posed an unmet clinical need for the development of new techniques. Present evaluation techniques use either subjective or non-quantitative approaches. At present, there are no FDA approved ocular devices that can directly measure ascorbic acid (AA) concentration levels for both tear film (TF) and aqueous humor (AH) at point-of-care (POC) level. Toward this aim, we present a novel point-of-care (POC) quantitative assay, called the Ocular Biosensor device, which can be used to evaluate the integrity of the anterior surface of the eye by measuring the concentration of AA in TF and AH...
February 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194453/a-paper-based-platform-for-detection-of-viral-rna
#7
Daohong Zhang, David Broyles, Eric A Hunt, Emre Dikici, Sylvia Daunert, Sapna K Deo
Viral detection presents a host of challenges for even the most sensitive analytical techniques, and the complexity of common detection platforms typically preclude portability. With these considerations in mind, we designed a paper microzone plate-based virus detection system for the detection of viral genetic material that can be performed with simple instruments. The sensing system can detect viral cDNA reverse-transcribed from total RNA extraction by utilizing a biotinylated capture probe and an Alexa Fluor® 647-labeled reporter probe...
February 14, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155990/dance-movement-therapy-for-dementia
#8
REVIEW
Vicky Karkou, Bonnie Meekums
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a collective name for different degenerative brain syndromes which, according to Alzheimer's Disease International, affects approximately 35.6 million people worldwide. The latest NICE guideline for dementia highlights the value of diverse treatment options for the different stages and symptoms of dementia including non-pharmacological treatments. Relevant literature also argues for the value of interventions that acknowledge the complexity of the condition and address the person as a whole, including their physical, emotional, social and cognitive processes...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155094/ethical-implications-of-user-perceptions-of-wearable-devices
#9
REVIEW
L H Segura Anaya, Abeer Alsadoon, N Costadopoulos, P W C Prasad
Health Wearable Devices enhance the quality of life, promote positive lifestyle changes and save time and money in medical appointments. However, Wearable Devices store large amounts of personal information that is accessed by third parties without user consent. This creates ethical issues regarding privacy, security and informed consent. This paper aims to demonstrate users' ethical perceptions of the use of Wearable Devices in the health sector. The impact of ethics is determined by an online survey which was conducted from patients and users with random female and male division...
February 2, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146048/analytical-protein-microarrays-advancements-towards-clinical-applications
#10
REVIEW
Ursula Sauer
Protein microarrays represent a powerful technology with the potential to serve as tools for the detection of a broad range of analytes in numerous applications such as diagnostics, drug development, food safety, and environmental monitoring. Key features of analytical protein microarrays include high throughput and relatively low costs due to minimal reagent consumption, multiplexing, fast kinetics and hence measurements, and the possibility of functional integration. So far, especially fundamental studies in molecular and cell biology have been conducted using protein microarrays, while the potential for clinical, notably point-of-care applications is not yet fully utilized...
January 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134647/etiology-of-nasal-bone-fractures
#11
Kun Hwang, So Jung Ki, Sang Hyun Ko
The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the etiology of nasal bone fractures (NBFs).In PubMed (500 titles) and Scopus (272), the search terms "nasal bone fracture" AND "etiology OR cause" were used. Among the 772 titles, 137 were duplicated and excluded. The 552 titles were excluded and 83 abstracts were read. Subsequently, 42 abstracts were excluded and 41 full articles providing data on etiologies of NBFs were reviewed. Finally, 26 papers were incorporated into this analysis.The causes of NBFs were different between adults and children...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116752/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Debbie Spain, Marie Furuta, Trevor Murrells, Ian Norman
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that individuals who develop severe mental illness (SMI) are also vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to increased risk of exposure to traumatic events and social adversity. The effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPIs) for PTSD in the general population is well-established. TFPIs involve identifying and changing unhelpful beliefs about traumatic experiences, processing of traumatic memories, and developing new ways of responding to cues associated with trauma...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069041/understanding-how-primary-care-practitioners-perceive-an-online-intervention-for-the-management-of-hypertension
#13
Katherine Bradbury, Katherine Morton, Rebecca Band, Carl May, Richard McManus, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve successful implementation an intervention needs to be acceptable and feasible to its users and must overcome barriers to behaviour change. The Person-Based Approach can help intervention developers to improve their interventions to ensure more successful implementation. This study provides an example of using the Person-Based Approach to refine a digital intervention for hypertension (HOME BP). METHODS: Our Person-Based Approach involved conducting qualitative focus groups with practice staff to explore their perceptions of HOME BP and to identify any potential barriers to implementation of the HOME BP procedures...
January 9, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057687/afresh-an-adaptive-framework-for-compression-of-reads-and-assembled-sequences-with-random-access-functionality
#14
Tom Paridaens, Glenn Van Wallendael, Wesley De Neve, Peter Lambert
MOTIVATION: The past decade has seen the introduction of new technologies that lowered the cost of genomic sequencing increasingly. We can even observe that the cost of sequencing is dropping significantly faster than the cost of storage and transmission. The latter motivates a need for continuous improvements in the area of genomic data compression, not only at the level of effectiveness (compression rate), but also at the level of functionality (e.g., random access), configurability (effectiveness vs complexity, coding tool set…), and versatility (support for both sequenced reads and assembled sequences)...
January 5, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047191/we-b-201-01-introduction-not-everything-you-read-is-true
#15
D Schlesinger
: Evidence is growing to suggest that many published clinical results cannot be replicated. At the same time, the number of published clinical papers is steadily increasing and most if not all base their conclusions on evidence provided by formal statistical tests. Medical physicists have a critical need to understand and be able to interpret the methods and results of these studies in order to judge their scientific quality and relevance. However many medical physicists have minimal or no training in the sort of practical statistical methods commonly found in the literature...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931992/the-attitudes-of-primary-healthcare-providers-towards-web-based-training-on-public-health-services-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
X X Zhan, Z X Zhang, F Sun, W J Peng, H Zhang, W R Yan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the attitudes of primary healthcare workers, including township public health workers (TPHWs) and village doctors (ViDs), towards web-based training on basic public health services (BPHS) and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Questionnaires addressing training status, needs, and attitudes towards web-based public health training were administered to 2768 primary healthcare workers from May to September 2013...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924656/assistive-technology-as-reading-interventions-for-children-with-reading-impairments-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#17
Emma Lindeblad, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: This pilot study investigated the possible transfer effect on reading ability in children with reading difficulties after a systematic intervention to train and compensate for reading deficiencies by using applications in smartphones and tablets. The effects of using assistive technology (AT) one year after the interventions were completely studied. School related motivation, independent learning and family relations were also considered. METHOD: 35 pupils aged 10-12 years participated...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918598/sighted-and-visually-impaired-students-perspectives-of-illustrations-diagrams-and-drawings-in-school-science
#18
Celia McDonald, Susan Rodrigues
Background In this paper we report on the views of students with and without visual impairments on the use of illustrations, diagrams and drawings (IDD) in science lessons. Method Our findings are based on data gathered through a brief questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of students prior to trialling new resource material. The questionnaire sought to understand the students' views about using IDD in science lessons. The classes involved in the study included one class from a primary school, five classes from a secondary school and one class from a school for visually impaired students...
2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917222/access-attitudes-and-training-in-information-technologies-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-medical-students-at-university-of-zimbabwe-college-of-health-sciences
#19
Swapnil Parve, Ali Ershadi, Alexandr Karimov, Anne Dougherty, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Midion M Chidzonga, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, has helped to mitigate the digital divide in Africa. The aim of the study was to assess the level of access, attitude, and training concerning meaningful use of electronic resources and EBM among medical students at an African medical school. METHODS: The study involved medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare. The needs assessment tool consisted of a 21-question, paper-based, voluntary and anonymous survey...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895471/adherence-satisfaction-and-preferences-for-treatment-in-patients-with-psoriasis-in-the-european-union-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
I Belinchón, R Rivera, C Blanch, M Comellas, L Lizán
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adherence to treatment in patients with psoriasis is often poor. An investigation of patient preferences and satisfaction with treatment may be important, based on the expected correlation with therapy compliance. This paper aims to examine and describe the current literature on patient preferences, satisfaction and adherence to treatment for psoriasis in the European Union (EU). METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted using PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Spanish databases and Google Scholar...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
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