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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768297/pediatric-esophageal-foreign-body-possible-role-for-digital-tomosynthesis
#1
Andrew Johansen, Gregory P Conners, Jacob Lee, Amie L Robinson, William L Chew, Sherwin S Chan
OBJECTIVES: Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common reason for emergency department visits, affecting more than 80,000 children in the United States annually. Whereas most ingested FBs are coins or other radiopaque objects, some are radiolucent FBs such as food. Digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is a radiographic technique that produces cross-sectional images with in-plane resolution similar to that of traditional radiographs. Our pilot study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of DTS to detect FB in comparison to esophagram and clinical impression...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764909/ohio-pediatric-asthma-repository-opportunities-to-revise-care-practices-to-decrease-time-to-physiologic-readiness-for-discharge
#2
Jeffrey M Simmons, Jocelyn M Biagini Myers, Lisa J Martin, Carolyn M Kercsmar, Christine L Schuler, Valentina V Pilipenko, John W Kroner, Hua He, Stephen R Austin, Huyen-Tran Nguyen, Kristie R Ross, Karen S McCoy, Sherman J Alter, Samantha M Gunkelman, Pierre A Vauthy, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey
BACKGROUND: Large-scale, multisite studies in which researchers evaluate patient- and systems-level factors associated with pediatric asthma exacerbation outcomes are lacking. We sought to investigate patient-level risks and system-level practices related to physiologic readiness for discharge (PRD) in the prospective Ohio Pediatric Asthma Repository. METHODS: Participants were children ages 2 to 17 years admitted to an Ohio Pediatric Asthma Repository hospital for asthma exacerbation...
May 15, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759424/lung-ultrasound-findings-undetectable-by-chest-radiography-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#3
Giulio Iorio, Maria Capasso, Salvatore Prisco, Giuseppe De Luca, Carlo Mancusi, Bruno Laganà, Maria Antonietta Piscopo, Vincenzo Comune
The purpose of our study was to evaluate any differences between lung ultrasonography and chest radiography (CR) images in children with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and, if there are any, to analyze the reasons and possible clinical implications. We reviewed the medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric ward from January 2014 to December 2016 and selected only cases discharged with a diagnosis of CAP who had undergone performed lung ultrasound (LUS) and CR within 24 h of each other...
May 11, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756723/-pleuropulmonary-blastoma-case-report
#4
Jenny C Salazar, Manuel Pardo, Víctor M Mora-Bautista
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma corresponds to a malignant primary lung disorder, exclusive of pediatric age, infrequent and of aggressive characteristics. Age on diagnosis is 1 month-12 years. Rates per sex are equal. It can be found inside pleura or lungs. Respiratory distress associated or not with pneumothorax, chest pain and fever are classical clinical signs. These symptoms could be misdiagnosed as pneumonia. Radiologically, a large mass near the pleura at the base of the right lung without air bronchogram is its most common form...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752289/interventions-to-reduce-over-utilized-tests-and-treatments-in-bronchiolitis
#5
Amy Tyler, Paige Krack, Leigh Anne Bakel, Kimberly O'Hara, Douglas Scudamore, Irina Topoz, Julia Freeman, Angela Moss, Renee Allen, Angela Swanson, Lalit Bajaj
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics published bronchiolitis clinical practice guidelines in 2014 recommending against the routine use of bronchodilators, chest radiographs, or respiratory viral testing in children with a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Our aim in this project was to align care with the American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines by decreasing the overuse of these interventions. METHODS: This study included patients who were admitted to a non-ICU setting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of bronchiolitis...
May 11, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748750/clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-are-associated-with-distinct-radiographic-presentations
#6
Oana G Falup-Pecurariu, Javier Diez-Domingo, Susanna Esposito, Adam Finn, Fernanda Rodrigues, Vana Spoulou, George A Syrogiannopoulos, Vytautas Usonis, David Greenberg
Chest radiographs from children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were categorized into three distinct presentations and each presentation was correlated to clinical and laboratory findings. Children < 59 months with CAP presenting to pediatric emergency rooms during two years were enrolled prospectively in eight centers across Europe. Clinical and laboratory data were documented and radiographs obtained from patients. Of the 1107 enrolled patients, radiographs were characterized as 74.9% alveolar CAP, 8...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746377/risk-factors-for-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-among-children-hospitalized-with-cap-younger-than-5-years-of-age
#7
Wei Shan, Ting Shi, Kaile Chen, Jian Xue, Yin Wang, Jia Yu, Genming Zhao, Jianmei Tian, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: CAP causes great morbidity and mortality as well as enormous economic burden worldwide. This study intended to describe the clinical characteristics of CAP and explore the risk factors of severe CAP among children in downtown Suzhou, China. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of childhood hospitalizations in Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital (SCH) from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Children who were residents of downtown Suzhou, 29 days to <5 years of age, with discharge diagnosis codes (ICD-10) J09 to J18 and J20 to J22 were included...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746272/variation-in-neonate-swaddling-techniques
#8
Laura Fletcher, Tammy Pham, Sari Bar, Diana Li, Regina Spinazzola, Helen Papaioannou, Ruth Milanaik
BACKGROUND: It is common practice for healthcare practitioners to swaddle infants in newborn nursery and neonatal intensive care unit settings. Despite the widespread use of this practice, the American Academy of Pediatrics neither bans nor recommends swaddling. To date, there has been no standard protocol developed for either healthcare professionals or parents to establish optimal swaddling techniques in terms of infant arm positioning, infant leg positioning, and tightness of wrap...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742646/burden-of-human-metapneumovirus-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-in-asthmatic-children
#9
Takashi Furuta, Shunji Hasegawa, Makoto Mizutani, Takashi Iwai, Noriko Ohbuchi, Shoji Kawano, Norimichi Tashiro, Masashi Uchida, Masanari Hasegawa, Masashi Motoyama, Takaomi Sekino, Kenji Nakatsuka, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Komei Shirabe, Shouichi Ohga
BACKGROUND: Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are the leading causes of acute respiratory illness in children. Clinical burden of each infection on the respiratory distress in asthmatic patients remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to clarify the effect of these infections on the severity of asthmatic children in the seasonal outbreaks. METHODS: A total of 1,217 pediatric inpatients with hMPV (n=114) or RSV (n=1,103) infection in Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan between 2011 and 2014 were enrolled...
May 4, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742052/clinical-and-drug-resistance-characteristics-of-new-pediatric-tuberculosis-cases-in-northern-china
#10
Ting Wang, Fang Dong, Qin-Jing Li, Qing-Qin Yin, Wen-Qi Song, Igor Mokrousov, Wei-Wei Jiao, A-Dong Shen
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and characteristics of drug resistance in newly diagnosed pediatric tuberculosis (TB) patients in northern China. METHODS: Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were collected from September 2010 to October 2016 at the Beijing Children's Hospital. Patients were divided into two groups (resistant to at least one drug and pan-susceptible) according to drug susceptibility testing (DST) results. RESULTS: A total of 132 new cases, mainly from northern China (87...
May 9, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734833/changing-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-chest-injuries-in-urban-syria
#11
Bassam Darwish, Mohammad Z Mahfouz, Saeed Al-Nosairat, Mohammad Bashar Izzat
Background Pediatric chest injuries were infrequent in our practice, but the outbreak of the Syrian crisis resulted in an increase in number and a change in the pattern of thoracic trauma incidents. We compared our experience of pediatric chest injuries before and during the crisis. Methods We reviewed the records of 256 children aged 12.8 ± 5 years who were admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of chest trauma over a 12-year period. Collected data included mechanism of injury, associated injuries, method of management, length of hospital stay, complications, and mortality...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730281/radiation-pneumonitis-in-pediatric-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients-receiving-radiation-therapy-to-the-chest
#12
Gary D Lewis, Jennifer E Agrusa, Bin S Teh, Maria M Gramatges, Viral Kothari, Carl E Allen, Arnold C Paulino
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in children receiving radiation therapy (RT) for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS AND PATIENTS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of pediatric HL patients who received multiagent chemotherapy followed by RT to any part of the chest. The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03, was used to determine the RP grade. Parameters analyzed included sex; age; bleomycin dose; and RT dosimetric variables such as mean lung dose (MLD), mean individual (i; right vs left) lung dose or iMLD, V5 to V25, and individual lung V5 to V25...
February 4, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728167/protocol-incorporating-airway-ct-decreases-negative-bronchoscopy-rates-for-suspected-foreign-bodies-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Omar G Ahmed, Robert P Guillerman, Carla M Giannoni
BACKGROUND: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is the 4th leading cause of death in children between the ages 1-5. Although direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DL&B) is the reference standard for diagnosis of pediatric airway foreign bodies, there is a high negative bronchoscopy rate, exposing patients to unnecessary operative and anesthetic risks and costs. METHODS: A clinical care protocol entailing the selective use of low-dose non-contrast airway computed tomography (CT) for children with an intermediate risk for FBA on the basis of clinical exam and chest radiography was implemented to decrease the negative DL&B rate...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727414/comprehensive-assessment-of-outcomes-from-patients-with-severe-early-onset-scoliosis-treated-with-a-vertebral-column-resection-results-from-an-srs-global-outreach-site-focos-in-ghana
#14
Kushagra Verma, Casey Slattery, Henry Duah, Kawdwo P Yankey, Gregory Mundis, Oheneba Boachie-Adjel
BACKGROUND: Early-onset scoliosis (EOS) remains a challenging pediatric spine condition to manage. Some severe deformities can be managed with a vertebral column resection (VCR), which is fraught with high complication rates and the outcomes have not been well reported. The purpose of this study is to provide an assessment of operative, radiographic, and clinical outcomes from children diagnosed with severe EOS treated with a VCR. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721598/current-utilization-and-procedural-practices-in-pediatric-whole-body-mri
#15
Gary R Schooler, Joseph T Davis, Heike E Daldrup-Link, Donald P Frush
BACKGROUND: Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an evolving and increasingly powerful imaging tool with a variety of applications in the pediatric patient population. Variability exists among radiology practices in how this MRI tool is used and how it performed. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to gain an improved understanding of technical and utilization practices in pediatric whole-body MRI across North America by exploring indications for exam performance, determining referral patterns, and assessing technical protocols and procedures...
May 2, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717653/double-carina-a-novel-tracheo-bronchial-anomaly-found-during-a-pediatric-airway-evaluation
#16
Nicholas R Mildenhall, Eileen M Raynor
OBJECTIVES: To present a novel pediatric airway anomaly encountered on direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy, further characterized with computed tomography imaging of the chest. STUDY DESIGN: Case report and literature review. METHODS: Review of the clinical presentation, operative findings, and imaging findings of an infant who presented with respiratory distress in the setting of multiple congenital abnormalities. A brief literature review supplements the case presentation...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713207/knowledge-and-practice-of-parents-and-guardians-about-childhood-asthma-at-king-abdulaziz-medical-city-for-national-guard-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Eman AlOtaibi, Mohammed AlAteeq
Background: Family management of asthmatic children is affected by several factors, primarily the parent's knowledge and attitude toward asthma. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and practice of parents and guardians about asthma in their children. Methods: Two hundred and thirty-one self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents and guardians attending, with their children, general pediatric and pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinics at King Abdullah Specialist Children's Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City for National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from August 2016 to March 2017...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712666/randomized-phase-2-trial-of-monthly-vitamin-d-to-prevent-respiratory-complications-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Margaret T Lee, Meyer Kattan, Ilene Fennoy, Stephen M Arpadi, Rachel L Miller, Serge Cremers, Donald J McMahon, Jeri W Nieves, Gary M Brittenham
In sickle cell disease, respiratory infection and asthma may lead to respiratory complications that are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Vitamin D has anti-infective and immunomodulatory effects that may decrease the risk for respiratory infections, asthma, and acute chest syndrome. We conducted a randomized double-blind active-controlled clinical trial to determine whether monthly oral vitamin D3 can reduce the rate of respiratory events in children with sickle cell disease. Seventy sickle cell subjects, ages 3-20 years, with baseline records of respiratory events over 1 year before randomization, underwent screening...
May 8, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709735/safeness-and-utility-of-concomitant-intraoperative-monitoring-with-intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-children-a-pilot-study
#19
Sandra Dias, Johannes Sarnthein, Elisabeth Jehli, Marian Christoph Neidert, Luca Regli, Oliver Bozinov
OBJECTIVE: High-field intraoperative MR (ioMRI) has become increasingly available in neurosurgery centers. There is little experience with the combination of ioMRI with intraoperative neurophysiological neuromonitoring (IONM). We provide a first series of pediatric patients undergoing brain tumor surgery with 3T ioMRI and IONM. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study were we included all consecutive children operated for brain tumors between October 2013 and April 2016 where concomitant ioMRI and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) and motor evoked potentials (MEP) were used...
April 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708918/adjusting-pediatric-endotracheal-tube-depths-relative-to-the-cricoid-by-using-longitudinal-ultrasound-images-of-the-saline-inflated-cuff-in-the-trachea-two-case-reports
#20
Kenji Kayashima, Hayato Mizuyama, Miyuki Takesue, Taku Doi, Keiko Imai, Koji Murashima
Cuff positions of endotracheal tubes should be confirmed to ensure safe anesthesia. However, determining the cuff positions relative to the cricoid by using chest radiography or fiberoptic bronchoscopy is difficult. We identified the cephalad edges of saline-inflated pediatric endotracheal tube cuffs relative to the cricoid on longitudinal ultrasound images over the larynx and trachea in 2 children. Thereafter, we adjusted the endotracheal tube depths and confirmed the cuff positions relative to the cricoid...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
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