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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334446/pediatric-community-acquired-pneumonia
#1
Stephanie Posten, Jennifer Reed
Pediatric community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is frequently encountered by medical providers and is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission. CAP is known to cause significant morbidity and mortality, causing greater than 2 million deaths annually worldwide in children younger than five years old. The Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) released guidelines in 2011 with recommendations regarding appropriate diagnosis and management of community acquired pneumonia for children greater than 3 months age, with the goal of assisting providers in clinical decision making...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333810/the-value-of-acute-phase-reactants-and-lightcycler%C3%A2-septifast-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-bacterial-and-viral-infections-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Gulcin Bozlu, Huseyin Tanriverdi, Gonul Aslan, Necdet Kuyucu
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to investigate the value of acute phase reactants and LightCycler® SeptiFast test to differentiate bacterial and viral infections. POPULATION AND METHODS: Children with fever were enrolled to this prospective study. Peripheral white blood cell (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) were studied from all patients on day 1, 3 and 7. Blood culture and chest X-ray were also obtained on day 1. Blood samples for LightCycler® SeptiFast test were obtained in all patients to use them if there was uncertain diagnosis between bacterial or viral infection...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333786/the-added-value-of-the-lateral-chest-radiograph-for-diagnosing-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#3
Michalle Soudack, Semion Plotkin, Aviva Ben-Shlush, Lisa Raviv-Zilka, Jeffrey M Jacobson, Michael Benacon, Arie Augarten
BACKGROUND: Opinions differ as to the need of a lateral radiograph for diagnosing community acquired pneumonia in children referred to the emergency department. A lateral radiograph increases the ionizing radiation burden but at the same time may improve specificity and sensitivity in this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of the frontal and lateral chest radiographs compared to frontal view stand-alone images for the management of children with suspected community acquired pneumonia seen in a pediatric emergency department...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324427/lemons-in-the-arizona-sunshine-the-effects-of-furocoumarins-leading-to-phytophotodermatitis-and-burn-like-injuries
#4
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323552/using-the-american-college-of-radiology-dose-index-registry-to-evaluate-practice-patterns-and-radiation-dose-estimates-of-pediatric-body-ct
#5
Benjamin Wildman-Tobriner, Keith J Strauss, Mythreyi Bhargavan-Chatfield, Nadja Kadom, Peter Vock, Kimberly E Applegate, Donald P Frush
OBJECTIVE: Imaging registries afford opportunities to study large, heterogeneous populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the American College of Radiology CT Dose Index Registry (DIR) for dose-related demographics and metrics of common pediatric body CT examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-phase CT examinations of the abdomen and pelvis and chest submitted to the DIR over a 5-year period (July 2011-June 2016) were evaluated (head CT frequency was also collected)...
January 11, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318527/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#6
Surinder Kumar, Indu Bala Garg, Gulshan Rai Sethi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) in pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) employing serological tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. METHODS: In this prospective study, 200 children aged 6 mo to 12 y hospitalized with acute LRTIs were investigated for M. pneumoniae. Serum samples were collected for serological analysis of M. pneumoniae. Throat swab samples were obtained on admission to amplify 277-base pair region of 16S rDNA gene of M...
January 10, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310365/ebv-lymphoproliferative-associated-disease-and-primary-cardiac-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-stk4-deficient-patient-a-case-report
#7
Roya Sherkat, Mohammad Reza Sabri, Bahar Dehghan, Hamid Bigdelian, Nahid Reisi, Nooshin Afsharmoghadam, Hamid Rahimi, Narges Rahmanian, Cristoph Klein
RATIONALE: Primary cardiac lymphoma (PLC) is an extremely uncommon malignancy. PCL is more common in secondary immunodeficient patients. In this report, we describe a unique case of PLC who had been diagnosed as a STK4 deficient patient. This case is the first Primary immunodeficiency (PID) patient developing PCL in the world. PATIENT CONCERNS: An eleven-year-old girl, a known case of PID, was referred to the pediatric cardiology department because of chest pain and dyspnea...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302522/factors-associated-with-childhood-asthma-control-in-a-resource-poor-center
#8
Bankole Peter Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole, Demilade Kehinde Kuti
Introduction: Optimal asthma control is a major aim of childhood asthma management. This study aimed to determine factors associated with suboptimal asthma control at the pediatric chest clinic of a resource-poor center. Methods: Over a 12-month study period, children aged 2-14 years with physician-diagnosed asthma attending the pediatric chest clinic of the Wesley Guild Hospital (WGH), Ilesa, Nigeria were consecutively recruited. Asthma control was assessed using childhood asthma control questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298247/the-effect-of-early-knowledge-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-positivity-on-medical-decision-making-and-throughput-time-within-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#9
Jessica Schnell, Lisa Schroeder, Kelly Sinclair, Lina Patel, Denise Dowd
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early knowledge of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) positivity by rapid triage-based testing protocol improved emergency department (ED) throughput time and decreased ED ancillary testing and antibiotic administration. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of ED patients aged 2 to 12 months, presenting November 1 to March 31 for the years 2008-2013. Included patients presented with fever and upper respiratory tract symptoms...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290748/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-prolonged-infusion-aztreonam-for-multi-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-a-case-report
#10
Jeffrey J Cies, Richard J LaCoursiere, Wayne S Moore, Arun Chopra
Aztreonam, a broad-spectrum monobactam, is typically reserved for multidrug resistant (MDR) infections. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data to guide dosing in children, however, are limited to healthy volunteers or nonintensive care unit (ICU) patients. Impaired antibiotic delivery into tissue remains a major concern and may explain the high morbidity and mortality associated with MDR infections. Therefore, evaluating the PK changes in pediatric ICU patients is necessary to elucidate the most appropriate antimicrobial regimen...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284507/a-pediatric-disease-to-keep-in-mind-diagnostic-tools-and-management-of-bronchiectasis-in-pediatric-age
#11
REVIEW
Marcella Gallucci, Emanuela di Palmo, Luca Bertelli, Federica Camela, Giampaolo Ricci, Andrea Pession
Bronchiectasis in pediatric age is a heterogeneous disease associated with significant morbidity.The most common medical conditions leading to bronchial damage are previous pneumonia and recurrent lower airway infections followed by underlying diseases such as immune-deficiencies, congenital airway defects, recurrent aspirations and mucociliary clearance disorders.The most frequent symptom is chronic wet cough. The introduction of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has improved the time of diagnosis allowing earlier treatment...
December 29, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283705/asthmonia-a-clinical-definition-of-a-commonly-used-colloquial-term
#12
Caleb D Wasser, Anna Grushevsky, Stephanie T Johnson, Sharon R Smith
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of pediatric asthmonia, a syndrome in which children have both an acute asthma exacerbation and a concomitant diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on children admitted to Connecticut Children's Medical Center in the pediatric emergency department from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012. Children with asthma and pneumonia were identified using ICD-9 codes 493 (asthma) or 482 (pneumonia)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279413/association-between-diastolic-blood-pressure-during-pediatric-in-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-survival
#13
Robert A Berg, Robert M Sutton, Ron W Reeder, John T Berger, Christopher J Newth, Joseph A Carcillo, Patrick S McQuillen, Kathleen L Meert, Andrew R Yates, Rick E Harrison, Frank W Moler, Murray M Pollack, Todd C Carpenter, David L Wessel, Tammara L Jenkins, Daniel A Notterman, Richard Holubkov, Robert F Tamburro, J Michael Dean, Vinay M Nadkarni
Background -Based on laboratory cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) investigations and limited adult data demonstrating that survival depends on attaining adequate arterial diastolic blood pressure (DBP) during CPR, American Heart Association recommends using BP to guide pediatric CPR. However, evidence-based BP targets during pediatric CPR remain an important knowledge gap for CPR guidelines. Methods -All children ≥37 weeks gestation and <19 years old in Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network intensive care units with chest compressions for ≥1 minute and invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring prior to and during CPR between July 1, 2013 and June 31, 2016 were included...
December 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277465/optimal-timing-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-children
#14
Kibileri Williams, Timothy B Lautz, Astrid H Leon, Tolulope A Oyetunji
PURPOSE: There is no consensus in the pediatric surgical community about when to recommend video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). We aimed to identify factors that predict the likelihood of requiring VATS, and to compare recurrence rates and healthcare utilization among different management approaches to PSP. METHODS: A retrospective chart review and a telephone survey were conducted on all patients 12-21years who were diagnosed with PSP from 2007 to 2015...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276880/isolated-thoracoschisis-case-report
#15
Burak Ardıçlı, Ayşe Karaman, Ahmet Özyazıcı, Ayşegül Zenciroğlu, Nurullah Okumuş
Ardıçlı B, Karaman A, Özyazıcı A, Zenciroğlu A, Okumuş N. Isolated thoracoschisis: Case report. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 217-220. Thoracoschisis is a rare congenital anomaly that refers to a congenital fissure of the chest wall. It is frequently accompanied with other congenital defects of the limbs and the abdominal wall as part of the limb-body wall complex, which is exencephaly/encephalocele and facial clefts, thoracoschisis and/or abdominoschisis and limb defects. Isolated thoracoschisis is a rare entity...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276877/left-upper-lobe-atelectasis-due-to-plastic-bronchitis
#16
Tuğba Şişmanlar, Ayşe Tana Aslan, Çiğdem Öztunalı, Öznur Boyunağa
Şişmanlar T, Aslan AT, Öztunalı Ç, Boyunağa Ö. Left upper lobe atelectasis due to plastic bronchitis. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 207-209. Plastic bronchitis is a rare condition in children, characterized by expectoration of branching bronchial casts. It can cause atelectasis in the lung. Herein we reported a 4.5-year-old boy with left upper lobe atelectasis due to plastic bronchitis. Although his chest X-ray is specific for left upper left atelectasis, thoracic computerized tomography had been performed and was compatible with obliterated left upper lobe bronchus...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273482/a-novel-host-protein-assay-outperforms-routine-parameters-for-distinguishing-between-bacterial-and-viral-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#17
Michal Stein, Shelly Lipman-Arens, Kfir Oved, Asi Cohen, Ellen Bamberger, Roy Navon, Olga Boico, Tom Friedman, Liat Etshtein, Meital Paz, Tanya M Gottlieb, Or Kriger, Yura Fonar, Ester Pri-Or, Renata Yacobov, Yaniv Dotan, Amit Hochberg, Moti Grupper, Irina Chistyakov, Israel Potasman, Isaac Srugo, Eran Eden, Adi Klein
Bacterial and viral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are often clinically indistinguishable, leading to antibiotic overuse. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of a new assay that combines 3 host-biomarkers (TRAIL, IP-10, CRP) with parameters in routine use to distinguish bacterial from viral LRTIs. Study cohort included 184 potentially eligible pediatric and adult patients. Reference standard diagnosis was based on adjudication by an expert panel following comprehensive clinical and laboratory investigation (including respiratory PCRs)...
November 24, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261353/reference-values-for-central-airway-dimensions-on-ct-images-of-children-and-adolescents
#18
Wieying Kuo, Pierluigi Ciet, Eleni-Rosalina Andrinopoulou, Yong Chen, Bas Pullens, Pilar Garcia-Peña, Robert J Fleck, Matteo Paoletti, Michael McCartin, Francois Vermeulen, Giovanni Morana, Edward Y Lee, Harm A W M Tiddens
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to acquire normative data on central airway dimensions on chest CT scans in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest CT findings reported as normal by a radiologist were collected retrospectively at 10 international centers. An experienced and independent thoracic radiologist reevaluated all CT scans for image quality and for normal findings. Semiautomated image analysis was performed to measure dimensions of the trachea and right and left main bronchi at inspiration...
December 20, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248322/-can-a-simple-lung-ultrasound-score-predict-length-of-ventilation-for-infants-with-severe-acute-viral-bronchiolitis
#19
M Taveira, N Yousef, J Miatello, C Roy, C Claude, B Boutillier, C Dubois, A-F Pierre, P Tissières, P Durand
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LU) is a bedside point-of-care technique in critical care and emergency medicine. LU is quick and non-irradiating, and provides accurate diagnostic information when compared with chest radiographs. Specific LU signs have been described for bronchiolitis. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between severity of LU-diagnosed lung lesions, using a quantitative LU score, and the length of non-invasive ventilation (LOV) for infants diagnosed with severe viral bronchiolitis...
December 13, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244793/effects-of-epinephrine-on-hemodynamic-changes-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-neonatal-piglet-model
#20
Michael Wagner, Po-Yin Cheung, Elliott S Li, Tze-Fun Lee, Min Lu, Megan O'Reilly, Monika Olischar, Georg M Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: Asphyxia is the most common reason for newborns to fail to make a successful fetal to neonatal transition. There is currently a lack of data evaluating hemodynamic effects of epinephrine during neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHODS: Twenty-four newborn piglets were exposed to asphyxia. Thereafter, positive pressure ventilation was commenced for 30 s, followed by chest compressions (CC). Piglets were randomized into three experimental groups: 3:1 compression:ventilation ratio; CC during sustained inflation (SI) at a rate of 90 CC per minute, or CC during SI at a rate of 120 CC per minute...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
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